A kind of longaxones parts processing tool
A kind of frock clamp in machining technology field is the utility model is related to, more particularly, to a kind of major axis class zero
Part processing tool.
In mechanical processing industry, the part comparison with species different size is common, such as axial workpiece, due to axle class zero
Part has different size, and what is used in many of Machine Design axial workpiece is not standard size, it is necessary to separately process, various
The length and diameter of the axial workpiece of specification are different from, and traditional processing pattern is the part for different size, design
Special frock clamp carries out clamping processing, and so as to cause frock base resource to waste, space-consuming is more, management and debugging cost
Increase, causes the cost of dispatching from the factory of part to be significantly increased, wastes substantial amounts of resource.
The content of the invention
Technical problem to be solved in the utility model is to provide a kind of length for the part processing that can be applicable different size
Machining of Shaft-type Parts frock.
The technical scheme in the invention for solving the technical problem is：A kind of longaxones parts processing tool, bag
Include bottom plate and the bracket component on bottom plate, described bracket component at least two and be arranged in parallel, described support group
Part includes bracket base, the fixed support positioned at bracket base side, the travel(l)ing rest positioned at bracket base opposite side, is connected to
Fixed support is with the cantilever at the top of travel(l)ing rest, the power transmission shaft that can be moved up and down on cantilever, positioned at power transmission shaft away from cantilever
End compact heap, described bracket base, which is provided with, to be used to place the lower V-groove of workpiece, above described lower V-groove
Compact heap on inverted upper V-groove is set, described workpiece is between lower V-groove and upper V-groove.
Further specifically, the both sides of described lower V-groove are provided for erecting the fixation V-block of workpiece.
Further specifically, described travel(l)ing rest is articulated on bracket base, between described travel(l)ing rest and cantilever
To be detachably connected.
Further specifically, one end of described cantilever opens up fixing groove, locking is set on described travel(l)ing rest top
Bolt, described clamping screw enters in fixing groove from one end of cantilever to be fixed, and is provided for keeping off in one end of described cantilever
The firmly protection block of fixing groove.
Further specifically, described cantilever is articulated in support bracket fastened top.
Further specifically, setting the slide rail group for being available for bracket base to slide between described bottom plate and bracket base
Part, described slide track component include the slide rail being fixed on bottom plate and the sliding block being fixed on bracket base.
Further specifically, being provided with location-plate on described bottom plate, some positioning holes are provided with described location-plate,
Spacing hole is provided with described bracket base, limit bolt is set in described spacing hole, described positioning hole with it is spacing
Hole alignment limit bolt is inserted.
Further specifically, described compact heap is provided with the axis of guide, pilot hole is provided with described cantilever, it is described
Slide up and down in axis of guide insertion pilot hole and in pilot hole.
Further specifically, described power transmission shaft surface is provided with screw thread, screwed hole is provided with described cantilever, it is described
Power transmission shaft is screwed in screwed hole.
Further specifically, described bracket base is provided with the fool proof block for being used for positioning workpiece.
The beneficial effects of the utility model are：Same frock is adapted to the clamping of the axial workpiece of different size, can be fast
Speed completes clamping action, it is no longer necessary to and man-to-man frock, the cost of production frock is saved, and debug time can be reduced,
The workpiece quality of production is stable.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is structural representation of the present utility model；
Fig. 2 is the mplifying structure schematic diagram at A positions in Fig. 1.
In figure：1st, bottom plate；2nd, bracket base；3rd, fixed support；4th, travel(l)ing rest；5th, cantilever；6th, power transmission shaft；7th, compress
Block；8th, fixed V-block；9th, fixing groove；10th, clamping screw；11st, block is protected；12nd, slide rail；13rd, sliding block；14th, location-plate；15th, it is fixed
Position hole；16th, limit bolt；17th, the axis of guide；18th, pilot hole；19th, fool proof block；20th, stroke block.
The utility model is explained in detail below in conjunction with the accompanying drawings.
A kind of longaxones parts processing tool as shown in Figure 1, including bottom plate 1 and the bracket component on bottom plate 1, institute
The bracket component stated has two and be arranged in parallel, and described bracket component includes bracket base 2, positioned at the side of bracket base 2
Fixed support 3, the travel(l)ing rest 4 positioned at the opposite side of bracket base 2, it is connected to fixed support 3 and the cantilever at the top of travel(l)ing rest 4
5th, power transmission shaft 6, the compact heap 7 positioned at end of the power transmission shaft 6 away from cantilever 5 that can be moved up and down on cantilever 5, described branch
Frame base 2 is provided with the lower V-groove for being used for placing workpiece, is set on the compact heap 7 above described lower V-groove on inverted
V-groove, described workpiece is between lower V-groove and upper V-groove.Can be to work by the cooperation of upper V-groove and lower V-groove
Part is diametrically spacing, ensures clamping effect；Described compact heap 7 is provided with the axis of guide 17, is provided with and leads on described cantilever 5
To hole 18, slide up and down in the described axis of guide 17 insertion pilot hole 18 and in pilot hole 18, the axis of guide 17 and pilot hole 18
Cooperation primarily serve the effect of guiding, while rotation of the compact heap 7 with power transmission shaft 6 for axle center can be prevented；Described transmission
The surface of axle 6 is provided with screw thread, and screwed hole is provided with described cantilever 5 or welds a screwed nut simultaneously on cantilever 5
So that the screw thread on nut and power transmission shaft 6 coordinates, described power transmission shaft 6 is screwed in screwed hole or nut, and power transmission shaft 6 with
Compact heap 7 is connected by bearing, when power transmission shaft 6 rotates, due to being connected to bearing so that compact heap 7 will not rotate.
Lower V-groove can be made up of two fixed V-blocks 8, and it is solid that relative two can also be directly installed on lower V-groove
Determine V-block 8, the convenient size to lower V-groove is adjusted, and can be adapted to the workpiece of different diameter specifications；Fixed V-block 8
Size can be changed, and position can also be adjusted；The height of upper V-groove is adjusted by power transmission shaft 6, convenient to fill workpiece；In order to
Protect the cylinder of workpiece not to be scratched and crush, the lower V-groove that is contacted with workpiece cylinder or fixed V-block 8, on V-type
Rooved face sets the rubber blanket of anti-skidding Anti-scratching.
Cantilever 5 be able to can also be hinged with fixed support 3 by rotating axis connection, and main purpose is that cantilever 5 can be under
Removed above V-groove, facilitate the lifting of large-scale workpiece；And the rotation of cantilever 5 for convenience, one end of travel(l)ing rest 4 is designed as
Demountable structure, its detaching structure are located at the junction of travel(l)ing rest 4 and cantilever 5 or positioned at travel(l)ing rests 4 and bracket base 2
Junction；And its detaching structure can also have diversified forms, the detaching structure used at present is：It is outstanding described in as shown in Figure 2
One end of arm 5 opens up fixing groove 9, sets clamping screw 10 on the described top of travel(l)ing rest 4, and described clamping screw 10 is from outstanding
One end of arm 5, which enters in fixing groove 9, to be fixed, and is provided for blocking the protection block 11 of fixing groove 9 in one end of described cantilever 5,
Because travel(l)ing rest 4 and bracket base 2 can be rotated by rotating axis connection, travel(l)ing rest 4 around rotary shaft；Activity branch
Frame 4 ensures that its one end with clamping screw 10 is entered in fixing groove 9 after moving, and fixing groove 9 is impaled by protecting block 11,
The space of fixing groove 9 of a closing is formed it into, because the head of clamping screw 10 is more than the width of fixing groove 9, can be ensured
Cantilever 5 will not depart from from clamping screw 10.
Determined because the position of workpiece in the axial direction is bad in installation process, it is necessary to put after careful measurement
Put, substantial amounts of manpower and time will be consumed, therefore a fool proof block 19 is set on bracket base 2, can ensure that the position of workpiece is fast
Speed determination, quick-clamping.
Said structure is change in radial directions, can meet the clamping for the workpiece that length is identical but diameter is different
Problem；In order to solve the problems, such as the clamping of the workpiece of different length in the axial direction, reached using following structure.
The slide track component for being available for bracket base 2 to slide, described cunning are set between described bottom plate 1 and bracket base 2
Rail assembly includes the slide rail 12 being fixed on bottom plate 1 and the sliding block 13 being fixed on bracket base 2, and sliding block 13 is on slide rail 12
Slidably；Due to using two bracket components, it is ensured that a bracket component is fixed, the activity of another bracket component；If
The length of workpiece is excessive, can use 3 or 4 and the bracket component of more, it is ensured that one or more support groups
Part is fixed, or all bracket component whole shows；The activity of bracket component, which can use, manually to be carried out, and can also be adopted
With screw structure and manually or motorized motions；Position needed for being moved in bracket component to bracket component, it is necessary to carry out
It is fixed, and the fixed form of bracket component also has a variety of, and positioning is fixed by the form or pin form of buckle, and mesh
It is preceding generally use and the convenient and swift lower-cost fixed form for pin, its frame mode be to be set on described bottom plate 1
There is location-plate 14, some positioning holes 15 are provided with described location-plate 14, positioning hole 15 is arranged to two rows and staggered, root
According to needing to could be arranged to 3 rows, 4 rows and more multiple rows of, can be careful position；Simultaneously on described bracket base 2
Provided with two or more spacing holes, the number of spacing hole is consistent with the row of positioning hole 15, is set in described spacing hole
Limit bolt 16, when described positioning hole 15 aligns with spacing hole, limit bolt 16 is inserted in spacing hole and positioning hole 15, soon
The positioning for realizing bracket component of speed.And the position that stroke block 20 is used for limit bracket component slippage is provided with bottom plate 1.
To sum up, by the setting of slidable bracket component, the clamping of different length workpiece, and consolidating by pin are realized
Determine the positioning that mode realizes bracket component；Realized by the up and down motion for changing and adjusting fixed V-block 8 and compact heap 7
To the quick-clamping of different-diameter workpiece；Whole frock covers the workpiece of all specifications substantially, realizes the quick-clamping to workpiece,
Substantial amounts of manpower and time are saved, reduces cost of dispatching from the factory.
It is emphasized that：It the above is only preferred embodiment of the present utility model, not the utility model appointed
What formal limitation, every any simple modification made according to the technical essence of the utility model to above example, etc.
With change and modification, in the range of still falling within technical solutions of the utility model.