CN206517365U - One kind realizes cooling heating and power generation system using solar energy, air energy, geothermal energy and air conditioner afterheat - Google Patents

One kind realizes cooling heating and power generation system using solar energy, air energy, geothermal energy and air conditioner afterheat Download PDF

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Publication number
CN206517365U
CN206517365U CN201621370371.XU CN201621370371U CN206517365U CN 206517365 U CN206517365 U CN 206517365U CN 201621370371 U CN201621370371 U CN 201621370371U CN 206517365 U CN206517365 U CN 206517365U
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water
heat
air
valve
energy
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王辉涛
韩金蓉
王建军
朱道飞
贾炯
石磊
陈娅
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Kunming University of Science and Technology
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Kunming University of Science and Technology
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02BCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO BUILDINGS, e.g. HOUSING, HOUSE APPLIANCES OR RELATED END-USER APPLICATIONS
    • Y02B30/00Energy efficient heating, ventilation or air conditioning [HVAC]
    • Y02B30/52Heat recovery pumps, i.e. heat pump based systems or units able to transfer the thermal energy from one area of the premises or part of the facilities to a different one, improving the overall efficiency
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02BCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO BUILDINGS, e.g. HOUSING, HOUSE APPLIANCES OR RELATED END-USER APPLICATIONS
    • Y02B30/00Energy efficient heating, ventilation or air conditioning [HVAC]
    • Y02B30/56Heat recovery units
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02BCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO BUILDINGS, e.g. HOUSING, HOUSE APPLIANCES OR RELATED END-USER APPLICATIONS
    • Y02B30/00Energy efficient heating, ventilation or air conditioning [HVAC]
    • Y02B30/70Efficient control or regulation technologies, e.g. for control of refrigerant flow, motor or heating
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/50Photovoltaic [PV] energy
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/60Thermal-PV hybrids
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E70/00Other energy conversion or management systems reducing GHG emissions
    • Y02E70/30Systems combining energy storage with energy generation of non-fossil origin

Abstract

The utility model is related to one kind and realizes cooling heating and power generation system using solar energy, air energy, geothermal energy and air conditioner afterheat, belongs to energy and environment technical field.The system includes solar photovoltaic generation system, solar panel residual neat recovering system, air energy, geothermal energy and air conditioner afterheat coupling heat pump system, air conditioner cold-heat water-flow circuit and the ground source heat storage and exchange circulatory system.Electricity is converted solar energy into by monocrystalline silicon or polysilicon solar cell plate first to export and store, the waste heat of cell panel is heated with supplying hot water or heating by residual neat recovering system to the cold water in heat storage water tank, and air then can aid in heat hot water with geothermal energy when solar radiation is not enough;Secondly condensation heat extraction during summer recoverable air-conditioning cooling, realizes the efficient utilization of energy.When solar radiation is stronger, unnecessary heat is then stored in underground by concurrent heating pump in ground source by underground pipe, the soil moisture is improved, so that winter takes heat.

Description

One kind realizes supply of cooling, heating and electrical powers using solar energy, air energy, geothermal energy and air conditioner afterheat System
Technical field
The utility model is related to one kind and realizes supply of cooling, heating and electrical powers system using solar energy, air energy, geothermal energy and air conditioner afterheat System, belongs to energy and environment technical field.
Background technology
Heat supply, cooling and power supply play more and more important role in modern production life.Since oneth century, supply Heat, cooling and power supply depend critically upon fossil fuel.Although recently as the application of the technologies such as overcritical Rankine cycle, coal electricity Efficiency is stepped up(State-of-the-art technology can reach nearly 50% thermal efficiency in the world now), but power industry is still dioxy Change carbon and the main emission source of sulfur dioxide severe pollutant, while with the exhaustion of fossil fuel, the cost and difficulty of exploitation Can be increasing, therefore the dynamics of new energy development is increased, the dependence to fossil fuel is reduced, the use of the energy more cleaned is mesh Prehuman inevitable choice.
The sun as the most abundant permanent energy in the world, radiant power up to the kW of 3.8 x 1023, wherein, earth interception Solar radiation energy flux be the kW of 1.7x 1014, than nuclear energy, geothermal energy and gravitation energy storage capacity summation also big more than 5000 times.I State's category solar energy resources quite abundant country, 2/3 regional year sunshine time of area is more than 2200h, and unit area is too Positive energy radiation amount is up to 5016MJ/m2.Therefore, sustainable development of the research solar energy generation technology to China or even the whole mankind has Significance.By the difference of conversion regime, photovoltaic generation and optical and thermal-electricity two ways can be divided into.With photovoltaic material(Brilliant material Material or non-crystalline material)Production technology is become better and approaching perfection day by day, and the cost of photovoltaic generating system is gradually reduced, photovoltaic power generation technology is also obtained Increasing commercial application, but general photovoltaic generation efficiency within 10%, therefore reinforcement is to more than photovoltaic generating system The recycling of heat, improves the comprehensive utilization ratio of solar energy into inevitable choice.
Geothermal energy, air-source can be a kind of new clean energy resourcies as solar energy, in the environmental consciousness day of current people In the case that the cumulative strong and energy is increasingly in short supply, the rational exploitation and utilization of geothermal energy resources has more and more been favored by people. The geothermal energy stored in 2000 meters of its middle-range earth's surface is 250,000,000,000 tons of standard coals.National underground heat Allowable exploitation quantity is annual 6800000000 Cubic meter, geothermal flow is 973,000,000,000,000 kilojoules.Compared to air-source, the temperature in ground source is stablized relatively, especially in cold or severe cold Area, many times heat pump can not be with air-source as low-temperature heat source, and now source will be optimal choosing that heat pump takes thermal source Select.In addition, in common energy supplying system, it is that condensation heat extraction is directly exclusive during summer air-conditioning, cause large energy to waste.Therefore How right combination is still one using solar energy, geothermal energy, air energy and air conditioner condensation waste heat, the efficient energy supplying system of structure Key subjects.The waste heat of the utility model patent utilization photovoltaic battery panel is aided with air heat source and geothermal source coupling heat pump, auxiliary That heats heat pump takes thermal source to be switched between air-source and soil source, and air conditioner condensation waste heat can be used for heat hot water, Using set of device, according to realizing life power supply, heat supply in winter, summer air-conditioning cooling and health hot water supply the need for difference, It is prevented effectively from waste-heat recovery device bursting by freezing outside winter room simultaneously.Current China just carries out new rural village Urbanization Construction, the system ten Divide and be adapted to the vast villages and small towns of China(Especially the area of bursting by freezing easily occurs for regular solar winter), the area such as woods pastoral area suits measures to local conditions Build distributing-supplying-energy system.
The content of the invention
The problem of existing for above-mentioned prior art and deficiency, the utility model provide it is a kind of using solar energy, air energy, Geothermal energy and air conditioner afterheat realize cooling heating and power generation system.First by monocrystalline silicon or polysilicon solar cell plate by solar energy Be transformed into electricity to export and store, the waste heat of cell panel by residual neat recovering system the cold water in heat storage water tank is heated with Supplying hot water or heating, air then can aid in heat hot water with geothermal energy when solar radiation is not enough;Next summer recoverable Condensation heat extraction during air-conditioning cooling, realizes the efficient utilization of energy.When solar radiation is stronger, concurrent heating pump in ground source is then by unnecessary warm Amount is stored in underground by underground pipe, the soil moisture is improved, so that winter takes heat.The utility model is real by the following technical programs It is existing.
One kind realizes cooling heating and power generation system, including solar energy using solar energy, air energy, geothermal energy and air conditioner afterheat Photovoltaic generating system, solar photovoltaic generation system is by solar cell module 1, controller 2, battery 3, inverter 4 and connects Link and annex composition, solar cell module 1 connect battery 3, direct current user and inverter respectively by controller 2 4, inverter 4 is connected with alternating current user, in addition to solar panel residual neat recovering system, air energy, geothermal energy and air-conditioning Waste heat coupling heat pump system, air conditioner cold-heat water-flow circuit, the ground source heat storage and exchange circulatory system;
The solar panel residual neat recovering system by solar cell module 1, low boiling working fluid steam vaporizer 5, Running water water supply tank 6, heat storage water tank 7, low boiling working fluid vapor condenser 38 and connecting pipe and annex composition, solar-electricity Pond component 1 is connected by ceramic glue with low boiling working fluid steam vaporizer 5, and the hot junction of low boiling working fluid steam vaporizer 5 goes out Mouth is connected with the import of low boiling working fluid vapor condenser 38, the cold side outlet of low boiling working fluid vapor condenser 38 and low boiling working fluid The import of steam vaporizer 5 is connected, and the coil pipe of low boiling working fluid vapor condenser 38 is placed in heat storage water tank 7, and the cold end of heat storage water tank 7 connects It is connected to water water supply tank 6;
The air energy, geothermal energy and air conditioner afterheat coupling heat pump system are by heat storage water tank 7, condenser 15, choke valve I16, choke valve II17, choke valve III18, magnetic valve V19, magnetic valve VI20, magnetic valve VII21, air-conditioning water evaporimeter 22, electricity Magnet valve VIII23, electromagnetic valve I X24, air-source evaporator 25, magnetic valve X26, source evaporator 28, compressor 29 and connection Pipeline and annex composition, the outlet of compressor 29 are connected with the hot side inlet of condenser 15, three tunnels of the cold side outlet point of condenser 15 difference It is connected with choke valve I16, choke valve II17, choke valve III18, choke valve I16 passes through magnetic valve VII21 and air-conditioning water evaporimeter 22 imports are connected, and the outlet of air-conditioning water evaporimeter 22 is connected with magnetic valve VIII23;Choke valve II17 passes through magnetic valve VI20 and sky The import of source of the gas evaporator 25 is connected, and the outlet of air-source evaporator 25 is connected with electromagnetic valve I X24;Choke valve III18 passes through magnetic valve V19 is connected with the import of ground source evaporator 28, and the outlet of ground source evaporator 28 is connected with magnetic valve X26;Last magnetic valve VIII23, electricity Magnet valve IX24, magnetic valve X26 are connected with the import of compressor 29, form a loop;
The air conditioner cold-heat water-flow circuit is by heat storage water tank 7, electromagnetic valve I 8, air conditioner water expansion tank 9, air conditioner cold and hot water Circulating pump 10, fan coil 11, electromagnetic valve II 12, electromagnetic valve II I13, electromagnetic valve I V14, air-conditioning water evaporimeter 22 and connection Pipeline and annex composition, the outlet of air conditioner cold-heat water-circulating pump 10 are connected with the import of fan coil 11, and the outlet of fan coil 11 is divided to two Road, all the way by electromagnetic valve I V14 connection heat storage water tank 7B1 imports, another road passes through electromagnetic valve II 12 and air-conditioning water evaporimeter 22 Import is connected;The outlet of air-conditioning water evaporimeter 22 is connected by electromagnetic valve II I13 with the import of air conditioner cold-heat water-circulating pump 10, water storage Case 7B outlets are connected by electromagnetic valve I 8 with the import of air conditioner cold-heat water-circulating pump 10, air conditioner water expansion tank 9 and air conditioner cold and hot water The import of circulating pump 10 is connected, and forms a loop;
The described ground source heat storage and exchange circulatory system by heat storage water tank 7, magnetic valve XI27, source evaporator 28, source exchange heat Water-circulating pump 30, source concurrent heating heat exchanger 31, underground pipe 32, source expansion tank 33, electromagnetism by-passing valve XII34, Di Yuan Concurrent heating pump 35, magnetic valve XIII36, magnetic valve XIV37 and connecting pipe and annex composition, heat storage water tank 7A outlets pass through electricity Magnet valve XIII36 is connected with the import of ground source concurrent heating pump 35, and the outlet of ground source concurrent heating pump 35 is connected with the import of ground source concurrent heating heat exchanger 31, The outlet of ground source concurrent heating heat exchanger 31 is connected with heat storage water tank 7A1 imports, forms a loop;Ground source heat exchange field water-circulating pump 30 goes out A mouth point two-way is connected with magnetic valve XI27, electromagnetism by-passing valve XII34 respectively, and magnetic valve XI27 connects with the import of ground source evaporator 28 Connect, the outlet of ground source evaporator 28 is connected with magnetic valve XIV37, magnetic valve XIV37, electromagnetism by-passing valve XII34 are mended with ground source respectively The import of heat exchanger 31 is connected, and the outlet of ground source concurrent heating heat exchanger 31 is connected with the import of underground pipe 32, and underground pipe 32 is exported, Di Yuanchang Expansion tank 33 is connected with the heat exchange import of field water-circulating pump 30 of ground source, forms a loop;Two loops constitute the system.
Low boiling working fluid steam vaporizer 5 in the solar panel residual neat recovering system, air energy, geothermal energy and sky Adjust waste heat coupling heat pump system in cycle fluid be methanol, ammonia, carbon dioxide, R227ea, R123, R143a, R134a, R290, One kind or arbitrary proportion mixture in R22, R152a, R245fa, R600, R600a, R601, R601a.
This realizes that the operation principle of cooling heating and power generation system is using solar energy, air energy, geothermal energy and air conditioner afterheat:
(One)Solar photovoltaic generation system:As conventional solar energy power generating, solar energy passes through solar cell The photoelectric material photovoltaic effect of component 1 produces electric current, then is realized by controller 2, battery 3 and inverter 4 to user Power supply and electric power storage;
(Two)Solar panel residual neat recovering system:In the case of normal power generation and heat supply, low boiling working fluid steam raising Working medium in device 5 absorbs the thermal temperature that cell panel is produced in solar cell module 1 and risen, and enters low boiling along steam guiding tube Water in the heating heat storage water tank 7 of working substance steam condenser 38, then in low boiling working fluid vapor condenser 38, due to working medium evaporation The density contrast formed with condensation causes pressure difference in pipe, condensed working medium is returned to low boiling working fluid steam vaporizer 5, forms one Individual natural convection loop, cold water delivers to user after being heated from domestic hot-water outlet;
(Three)Air energy, geothermal energy and air conditioner afterheat coupling heat pump system, air conditioner cold-heat water-flow circuit and ground source heat accumulation The operation of recuperated cycle system and control situation are as follows:
(1)When summer needs air-conditioning cooling, air conditioner cold-heat water-circulating pump 10 and air-conditioning water evaporimeter 22 and its turnover are opened Mouth electromagnetic valve, closes heating electromagnetic valve I 8 and electromagnetic valve I V14, and the organic working medium steam from air-conditioning water evaporimeter 22 is in pressure The gas of HTHP is compressed in contracting machine 29, subcooled liquid is condensed into through the condenser 15 in heat storage water tank 7, then pass through The reducing pressure by regulating flow of choke valve 16 is crossed, 7-12 DEG C of air conditioning water is produced in heat absorption vaporization into air-conditioning water evaporimeter 22, from air-conditioning The organic working medium steam that water evaporimeter 22 comes out enters back into compressor 29 and is compressed one circulation of completion;The chilled water warp produced Electromagnetic valve II I13 sends into fan coil 11 by air conditioner cold-heat water-circulating pump 10 and provides the user cold, then through electromagnetic valve II 12 Return to air-conditioning water evaporimeter 22 and complete circulation;When winter temperature is relatively low, electromagnetic valve II 12, electromagnetic valve II I13, magnetic valve are closed VII21, magnetic valve VIII23, while opening hot water in electromagnetic valve I 8, electromagnetic valve I V14, heat storage water tank passes through air conditioner cold and hot water Circulating pump 10 flows into fan coil 11 and heated, air conditioner water expansion tank 9(Effect:1) collect because of water heating volumetric expansion Increased water capacity, prevents system failure;2) be conducive to excluding the air in water system;3) pressure in systems stabilisation.(air-conditioning When freezing in cold and hot water-flow circuit, the water suction of air conditioner cold-heat water-circulating pump 10 side(Battery valve I8 and electromagnetic valve II I13 inflow sides To)Pressure is reduced, and is also easy to produce steam bubble, declines the water yield of air conditioner cold-heat water-circulating pump 10, the water in air conditioner water expansion tank 9 Air conditioner cold-heat water-circulating pump 10 is entered by filling pipe, steam bubble enters air conditioner water expansion tank 9 by conduit, and a part is carried out Condensation reenters air conditioner cold-heat water-circulating pump 10, and the gas accumulated on the liquid level of air conditioner water expansion tank 9 plays cushioning effect, surely Determine system pressure);
(2)When not needing the heating of air-conditioning cooling, close air-conditioning water evaporimeter 22 and import and export magnetic valve VII21, magnetic valve VIII23 and electromagnetic valve I 8, electromagnetic valve I V14;
(3)When the water temperature of heat storage water tank 7 is less than 45 DEG C, summer can open the auxiliary heating of air-source evaporator 25;Winter can According to air themperature and the height of the soil moisture, realization takes switching of the thermal source between air-source and soil source, also can be simultaneously Open.Air-source evaporator 25 is opened when air themperature source temperature above Ground and its magnetic valve VI20, magnetic valve is imported and exported IX24;Ground source evaporator 28 is opened when air themperature is less than ground source temperature and its magnetic valve V19, magnetic valve X26 is imported and exported.From Evaporator(Air-source evaporator 25 or ground source evaporator 28)The working substance steam come increasing temperature and pressure after the compression of compressor 29 is high Warm high-pressure working medium steam enters the water in heating heat storage water tank 7 in condenser 15, and steam is condensed, then by choke valve(Throttling Valve II17 or choke valve III18), subsequently into air-source evaporator 25 or ground source evaporator 28, entered back into after heat absorption vaporization Compressor is compressed one circulation of completion.When the water temperature heating of heat storage water tank 7 is to 50 DEG C, ground source heat exchange field water-circulating pump is closed 30 and chain close ground source or air-source evaporator and its exits and entrances valve;
(4)When the water temperature of heat storage water tank 7 is higher than 52 DEG C, to realize normal cooling to solar cell module and to air-conditioning The timely exclusion of condensation heat, opens ground source concurrent heating pump 35 and ground source heat exchange field water-circulating pump 30, opens magnetic valve XIII 36, electricity Magnet valve XII34, the hot water closed in magnetic valve XI27, heat storage water tank 7 enters ground source concurrent heating heat exchanger by ground source concurrent heating pump 35 31 exchange heat with the water that electromagnetism by-passing valve XII34 is flowed into, and flow back to heat storage water tank 7 after heat exchange again, what electromagnetism by-passing valve XII34 was flowed into Surplus heat in heat storage water tank 7 is stored in underground into underground pipe 32 after water heat exchange, while realizing to battery back-sheet temperature Control or the timely exclusion of air conditioner condensation heat.When the water temperature of heat storage water tank 7 is down to 50 DEG C, stoppage in transit ground source concurrent heating pump 35 and Di Yuan are changed Thermal field water-circulating pump 30, closes magnetic valve XIII 36, magnetic valve XII34.
The beneficial effects of the utility model are:
The utility model takes full advantage of solar energy, air energy, 4 kinds of heats of geothermal energy and air conditioner afterheat, can be fully sharp With solar power generation, and solar energy waste heat, air conditioner afterheat and air energy, geothermal energy coupling heat pump can be made full use of to realize health Hot water supply, the heating of heating backwater;It can realize according to air themperature and the height of the soil moisture and take thermal source at air-source and soil Switching between earth source;It can realize that indoor summer air-conditioning cooling and winter air-conditioning heat according to seasonal variations;When in heat storage water tank When heat is had more than needed, flap portion heat storage is being realized to electricity in underground using ground source heat storage and exchange circulation loop While the control of pond backboard temperature, also surplus heat is stored in soil source, improve the soil moisture, when being easy to take heat it Need, improve the coefficient of performance of heat pump winter operation.
The system realizes life power supply, heat supply in winter, summer air-conditioning cooling and health hot water supply using set of device.Ten Divide and be adapted to the regional distributed energy supply system for suiting measures to local conditions to build that flexibility is good, security is higher such as the vast villages and small towns of China, woods pastoral area System.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is the utility model structural representation.
Fig. 2 is solar cell module structural representation of the present invention.
In figure:1- solar cell modules, 2- controllers, 3- batteries, 4- inverters, 5- low boiling working fluid steam raisings Device, 6- running water water supply tanks, 7- heat storage water tanks, 8- electromagnetic valve Is, 9- air conditioner water expansion tanks, 10- air conditioner cold-heat water-circulating pumps, 11- fan coils, 12- electromagnetic valve IIs, 13- electromagnetic valve IIs I, 14- electromagnetic valve I V, 15- condenser, 16- choke valves I, 17- throttling Valve II, 18- choke valve III, 19- magnetic valve V, 20- magnetic valve VI, 21- magnetic valve VII, 22- air-conditioning water evaporimeter, 23- electromagnetism Valve VIII, 24- electromagnetic valve I X, 25- air-source evaporator, 26- magnetic valves X, 27- magnetic valve XI, 28- ground source evaporator, 29- pressures Contracting machine, 30- ground source heat exchange field water-circulating pump, 31- ground source concurrent heating heat exchanger, 32- underground pipes, 33- ground source expansion tank, 34- Electromagnetism by-passing valve XII, 35- ground source concurrent heating pump, 36- magnetic valves XIII, 37- magnetic valve XIV, 38- low boiling working fluid steam condensation Device.
Embodiment
With reference to the accompanying drawings and detailed description, the utility model is described in further detail.
Embodiment 1
As shown in figure 1, this realizes cooling heating and power generation system using solar energy, air energy, geothermal energy and air conditioner afterheat, including Solar photovoltaic generation system, solar photovoltaic generation system is by solar cell module 1, controller 2, battery 3, inverter 4 and connection line and annex composition, solar cell module 1 connects battery 3, direct current user respectively by controller 2 With inverter 4, inverter 4 is connected with alternating current user, in addition to solar panel residual neat recovering system, air energy, underground heat Energy and air conditioner afterheat coupling heat pump system, air conditioner cold-heat water-flow circuit, the ground source heat storage and exchange circulatory system;
The solar panel residual neat recovering system by solar cell module 1, low boiling working fluid steam vaporizer 5, Running water water supply tank 6, heat storage water tank 7, low boiling working fluid vapor condenser 38 and connecting pipe and annex composition, solar-electricity Pond component 1 is connected by ceramic glue with low boiling working fluid steam vaporizer 5, and the hot junction of low boiling working fluid steam vaporizer 5 goes out Mouth is connected with the import of low boiling working fluid vapor condenser 38, the cold side outlet of low boiling working fluid vapor condenser 38 and low boiling working fluid The import of steam vaporizer 5 is connected, and the coil pipe of low boiling working fluid vapor condenser 38 is placed in heat storage water tank 7, and the cold end of heat storage water tank 7 connects It is connected to water water supply tank 6;
The air energy, geothermal energy and air conditioner afterheat coupling heat pump system are by heat storage water tank 7, condenser 15, choke valve I16, choke valve II17, choke valve III18, magnetic valve V19, magnetic valve VI20, magnetic valve VII21, air-conditioning water evaporimeter 22, electricity Magnet valve VIII23, electromagnetic valve I X24, air-source evaporator 25, magnetic valve X26, source evaporator 28, compressor 29 and connection Pipeline and annex composition, the outlet of compressor 29 are connected with the hot side inlet of condenser 15, three tunnels of the cold side outlet point of condenser 15 difference It is connected with choke valve I16, choke valve II17, choke valve III18, choke valve I16 passes through magnetic valve VII21 and air-conditioning water evaporimeter 22 imports are connected, and the outlet of air-conditioning water evaporimeter 22 is connected with magnetic valve VIII23;Choke valve II17 passes through magnetic valve VI20 and sky The import of source of the gas evaporator 25 is connected, and the outlet of air-source evaporator 25 is connected with electromagnetic valve I X24;Choke valve III18 passes through magnetic valve V19 is connected with the import of ground source evaporator 28, and the outlet of ground source evaporator 28 is connected with magnetic valve X26;Last magnetic valve VIII23, electricity Magnet valve IX24, magnetic valve X26 are connected with the import of compressor 29, form a loop;
The air conditioner cold-heat water-flow circuit is by heat storage water tank 7, electromagnetic valve I 8, air conditioner water expansion tank 9, air conditioner cold and hot water Circulating pump 10, fan coil 11, electromagnetic valve II 12, electromagnetic valve II I13, electromagnetic valve I V14, air-conditioning water evaporimeter 22 and connection Pipeline and annex composition, the outlet of air conditioner cold-heat water-circulating pump 10 are connected with the import of fan coil 11, and the outlet of fan coil 11 is divided to two Road, all the way by electromagnetic valve I V14 connection heat storage water tank 7B1 imports, another road passes through electromagnetic valve II 12 and air-conditioning water evaporimeter 22 Import is connected;The outlet of air-conditioning water evaporimeter 22 is connected by electromagnetic valve II I13 with the import of air conditioner cold-heat water-circulating pump 10, water storage Case 7B outlets are connected by electromagnetic valve I 8 with the import of air conditioner cold-heat water-circulating pump 10, air conditioner water expansion tank 9 and air conditioner cold and hot water The import of circulating pump 10 is connected, and forms a loop;
The described ground source heat storage and exchange circulatory system by heat storage water tank 7, magnetic valve XI27, source evaporator 28, thermal field water follow Ring pump 30, source concurrent heating heat exchanger 31, underground pipe 32, source expansion tank 33, electromagnetism by-passing valve XII34, source concurrent heating pump 35th, magnetic valve XIII36, magnetic valve XIV37 and connecting pipe and annex composition, heat storage water tank 7A outlets pass through magnetic valve XIII36 is connected with the import of ground source concurrent heating pump 35, and the outlet of ground source concurrent heating pump 35 is connected with the import of ground source concurrent heating heat exchanger 31, ground source The outlet of concurrent heating heat exchanger 31 is connected with heat storage water tank 7A1 imports, forms a loop;Heat exchange field water-circulating pump 30 outlet point of ground source Two-way is connected with magnetic valve XI27, electromagnetism by-passing valve XII34 respectively, and magnetic valve XI27 is connected with the import of ground source evaporator 28, ground The outlet of source evaporator 28 is connected with magnetic valve XIV37, and magnetic valve XIV37, electromagnetism by-passing valve XII34 exchange heat with the concurrent heating of ground source respectively The import of device 31 is connected, and the outlet of ground source concurrent heating heat exchanger 31 is connected with the import of underground pipe 32, underground pipe 32 exports, source field swelling water Case 33 is connected with the heat exchange import of field water-circulating pump 30 of ground source, forms a loop;Two loops constitute the system.
Cycle fluid is methanol in low boiling working fluid steam vaporizer 5 in the solar panel residual neat recovering system.
Embodiment 2
As shown in figure 1, this realizes cooling heating and power generation system using solar energy, air energy, geothermal energy and air conditioner afterheat, including Solar photovoltaic generation system, solar photovoltaic generation system is by solar cell module 1, controller 2, battery 3, inverter 4 and connection line and annex composition, solar cell module 1 connects battery 3, direct current user respectively by controller 2 With inverter 4, inverter 4 is connected with alternating current user, in addition to solar panel residual neat recovering system, air energy, underground heat Energy and air conditioner afterheat coupling heat pump system, air conditioner cold-heat water-flow circuit, the ground source heat storage and exchange circulatory system;
The solar panel residual neat recovering system by solar cell module 1, low boiling working fluid steam vaporizer 5, Running water water supply tank 6, heat storage water tank 7, low boiling working fluid vapor condenser 38 and connecting pipe and annex composition, solar-electricity Pond component 1 is connected by ceramic glue with low boiling working fluid steam vaporizer 5, and the hot junction of low boiling working fluid steam vaporizer 5 goes out Mouth is connected with the import of low boiling working fluid vapor condenser 38, the cold side outlet of low boiling working fluid vapor condenser 38 and low boiling working fluid The import of steam vaporizer 5 is connected, and the coil pipe of low boiling working fluid vapor condenser 38 is placed in heat storage water tank 7, and the cold end of heat storage water tank 7 connects It is connected to water water supply tank 6;
The air energy, geothermal energy and air conditioner afterheat coupling heat pump system are by heat storage water tank 7, condenser 15, choke valve I16, choke valve II17, choke valve III18, magnetic valve V19, magnetic valve VI20, magnetic valve VII21, air-conditioning water evaporimeter 22, electricity Magnet valve VIII23, electromagnetic valve I X24, air-source evaporator 25, magnetic valve X26, source evaporator 28, compressor 29 and connection Pipeline and annex composition, the outlet of compressor 29 are connected with the hot side inlet of condenser 15, three tunnels of the cold side outlet point of condenser 15 difference It is connected with choke valve I16, choke valve II17, choke valve III18, choke valve I16 passes through magnetic valve VII21 and air-conditioning water evaporimeter 22 imports are connected, and the outlet of air-conditioning water evaporimeter 22 is connected with magnetic valve VIII23;Choke valve II17 passes through magnetic valve VI20 and sky The import of source of the gas evaporator 25 is connected, and the outlet of air-source evaporator 25 is connected with electromagnetic valve I X24;Choke valve III18 passes through magnetic valve V19 is connected with the import of ground source evaporator 28, and the outlet of ground source evaporator 28 is connected with magnetic valve X26;Last magnetic valve VIII23, electricity Magnet valve IX24, magnetic valve X26 are connected with the import of compressor 29, form a loop;
The air conditioner cold-heat water-flow circuit is by heat storage water tank 7, electromagnetic valve I 8, air conditioner water expansion tank 9, air conditioner cold and hot water Circulating pump 10, fan coil 11, electromagnetic valve II 12, electromagnetic valve II I13, electromagnetic valve I V14, air-conditioning water evaporimeter 22 and connection Pipeline and annex composition, the outlet of air conditioner cold-heat water-circulating pump 10 are connected with the import of fan coil 11, and the outlet of fan coil 11 is divided to two Road, all the way by electromagnetic valve I V14 connection heat storage water tank 7B1 imports, another road passes through electromagnetic valve II 12 and air-conditioning water evaporimeter 22 Import is connected;The outlet of air-conditioning water evaporimeter 22 is connected by electromagnetic valve II I13 with the import of air conditioner cold-heat water-circulating pump 10, water storage Case 7B outlets are connected by electromagnetic valve I 8 with the import of air conditioner cold-heat water-circulating pump 10, air conditioner water expansion tank 9 and air conditioner cold and hot water The import of circulating pump 10 is connected, and forms a loop;
The described ground source heat storage and exchange circulatory system by heat storage water tank 7, magnetic valve XI27, source evaporator 28, thermal field water follow Ring pump 30, source concurrent heating heat exchanger 31, underground pipe 32, source expansion tank 33, electromagnetism by-passing valve XII34, source concurrent heating pump 35th, magnetic valve XIII36, magnetic valve XIV37 and connecting pipe and annex composition, heat storage water tank 7A outlets pass through magnetic valve XIII36 is connected with the import of ground source concurrent heating pump 35, and the outlet of ground source concurrent heating pump 35 is connected with the import of ground source concurrent heating heat exchanger 31, ground source The outlet of concurrent heating heat exchanger 31 is connected with heat storage water tank 7A1 imports, forms a loop;Heat exchange field water-circulating pump 30 outlet point of ground source Two-way is connected with magnetic valve XI27, electromagnetism by-passing valve XII34 respectively, and magnetic valve XI27 is connected with the import of ground source evaporator 28, ground The outlet of source evaporator 28 is connected with magnetic valve XIV37, and magnetic valve XIV37, electromagnetism by-passing valve XII34 exchange heat with the concurrent heating of ground source respectively The import of device 31 is connected, and the outlet of ground source concurrent heating heat exchanger 31 is connected with the import of underground pipe 32, underground pipe 32 exports, source field swelling water Case 33 is connected with the heat exchange import of field water-circulating pump 30 of ground source, forms a loop;Two loops constitute the system.
Cycle fluid is mass ratio in low boiling working fluid steam vaporizer 5 wherein in solar panel residual neat recovering system For 1:1:1:1 R227ea, R123, R143a and R134a mixture.
Embodiment 3
As shown in figure 1, this realizes cooling heating and power generation system using solar energy, air energy, geothermal energy and air conditioner afterheat, including Solar photovoltaic generation system, solar photovoltaic generation system is by solar cell module 1, controller 2, battery 3, inverter 4 and connection line and annex composition, solar cell module 1 connects battery 3, direct current user respectively by controller 2 With inverter 4, inverter 4 is connected with alternating current user, in addition to solar panel residual neat recovering system, air energy, underground heat Energy and air conditioner afterheat coupling heat pump system, air conditioner cold-heat water-flow circuit, the ground source heat storage and exchange circulatory system;
The solar panel residual neat recovering system by solar cell module 1, low boiling working fluid steam vaporizer 5, Running water water supply tank 6, heat storage water tank 7, low boiling working fluid vapor condenser 38 and connecting pipe and annex composition, solar-electricity Pond component 1 is connected by ceramic glue with low boiling working fluid steam vaporizer 5, and the hot junction of low boiling working fluid steam vaporizer 5 goes out Mouth is connected with the import of low boiling working fluid vapor condenser 38, the cold side outlet of low boiling working fluid vapor condenser 38 and low boiling working fluid The import of steam vaporizer 5 is connected, and the coil pipe of low boiling working fluid vapor condenser 38 is placed in heat storage water tank 7, and the cold end of heat storage water tank 7 connects It is connected to water water supply tank 6;
The air energy, geothermal energy and air conditioner afterheat coupling heat pump system are by heat storage water tank 7, condenser 15, choke valve I16, choke valve II17, choke valve III18, magnetic valve V19, magnetic valve VI20, magnetic valve VII21, air-conditioning water evaporimeter 22, electricity Magnet valve VIII23, electromagnetic valve I X24, air-source evaporator 25, magnetic valve X26, source evaporator 28, compressor 29 and connection Pipeline and annex composition, the outlet of compressor 29 are connected with the hot side inlet of condenser 15, three tunnels of the cold side outlet point of condenser 15 difference It is connected with choke valve I16, choke valve II17, choke valve III18, choke valve I16 passes through magnetic valve VII21 and air-conditioning water evaporimeter 22 imports are connected, and the outlet of air-conditioning water evaporimeter 22 is connected with magnetic valve VIII23;Choke valve II17 passes through magnetic valve VI20 and sky The import of source of the gas evaporator 25 is connected, and the outlet of air-source evaporator 25 is connected with electromagnetic valve I X24;Choke valve III18 passes through magnetic valve V19 is connected with the import of ground source evaporator 28, and the outlet of ground source evaporator 28 is connected with magnetic valve X26;Last magnetic valve VIII23, electricity Magnet valve IX24, magnetic valve X26 are connected with the import of compressor 29, form a loop;
The air conditioner cold-heat water-flow circuit is by heat storage water tank 7, electromagnetic valve I 8, air conditioner water expansion tank 9, air conditioner cold and hot water Circulating pump 10, fan coil 11, electromagnetic valve II 12, electromagnetic valve II I13, electromagnetic valve I V14, air-conditioning water evaporimeter 22 and connection Pipeline and annex composition, the outlet of air conditioner cold-heat water-circulating pump 10 are connected with the import of fan coil 11, and the outlet of fan coil 11 is divided to two Road, all the way by electromagnetic valve I V14 connection heat storage water tank 7B1 imports, another road passes through electromagnetic valve II 12 and air-conditioning water evaporimeter 22 Import is connected;The outlet of air-conditioning water evaporimeter 22 is connected by electromagnetic valve II I13 with the import of air conditioner cold-heat water-circulating pump 10, water storage Case 7B outlets are connected by electromagnetic valve I 8 with the import of air conditioner cold-heat water-circulating pump 10, air conditioner water expansion tank 9 and air conditioner cold and hot water The import of circulating pump 10 is connected, and forms a loop;
The described ground source heat storage and exchange circulatory system by heat storage water tank 7, magnetic valve XI27, source evaporator 28, thermal field water follow Ring pump 30, source concurrent heating heat exchanger 31, underground pipe 32, source expansion tank 33, electromagnetism by-passing valve XII34, source concurrent heating pump 35th, magnetic valve XIII36, magnetic valve XIV37 and connecting pipe and annex composition, heat storage water tank 7A outlets pass through magnetic valve XIII36 is connected with the import of ground source concurrent heating pump 35, and the outlet of ground source concurrent heating pump 35 is connected with the import of ground source concurrent heating heat exchanger 31, ground source The outlet of concurrent heating heat exchanger 31 is connected with heat storage water tank 7A1 imports, forms a loop;Heat exchange field water-circulating pump 30 outlet point of ground source Two-way is connected with magnetic valve XI27, electromagnetism by-passing valve XII34 respectively, and magnetic valve XI27 is connected with the import of ground source evaporator 28, ground The outlet of source evaporator 28 is connected with magnetic valve XIV37, and magnetic valve XIV37, electromagnetism by-passing valve XII34 exchange heat with the concurrent heating of ground source respectively The import of device 31 is connected, and the outlet of ground source concurrent heating heat exchanger 31 is connected with the import of underground pipe 32, underground pipe 32 exports, source field swelling water Case 33 is connected with the heat exchange import of field water-circulating pump 30 of ground source, forms a loop;Two loops constitute the system.
Cycle fluid is mass ratio in low boiling working fluid steam vaporizer 5 wherein in solar panel residual neat recovering system For 1:1 R152a and R245fa mixtures.
Embodiment of the present utility model is explained in detail above in association with accompanying drawing, but the utility model is not It is limited to above-mentioned embodiment, in the knowledge that those of ordinary skill in the art possess, this practicality can also be not being departed from Various changes can be made on the premise of new objective.

Claims (2)

1. one kind realizes cooling heating and power generation system, including photovoltaic using solar energy, air energy, geothermal energy and air conditioner afterheat Electricity generation system, solar photovoltaic generation system is by solar cell module(1), controller(2), battery(3), inverter(4) And connection line and annex composition, solar cell module(1)Pass through controller(2)Battery is connected respectively(3), direct current User and inverter(4), inverter(4)User is connected with alternating current, it is characterised in that:Also include solar panel waste heat to return Receipts system, air energy, geothermal energy and air conditioner afterheat coupling heat pump system, air conditioner cold-heat water-flow circuit and ground source heat storage and exchange are followed Loop system;
The solar panel residual neat recovering system is by solar cell module(1), low boiling working fluid steam vaporizer(5)、 Running water water supply tank(6), heat storage water tank(7), low boiling working fluid vapor condenser(38)And connecting pipe and annex composition, too Positive energy battery component(1)Pass through ceramic glue and low boiling working fluid steam vaporizer(5)Connection, low boiling working fluid steam raising Device(5)Hot junction is exported and low boiling working fluid vapor condenser(38)Import is connected, low boiling working fluid vapor condenser(38)Cold end Outlet and low boiling working fluid steam vaporizer(5)Import is connected, low boiling working fluid vapor condenser(38)Coil pipe is placed in water storage Case(7)It is interior, heat storage water tank(7)Cold end connects running water water supply tank(6);
The air energy, geothermal energy and air conditioner afterheat coupling heat pump system are by heat storage water tank(7), condenser(15), choke valve I (16), choke valve II(17), choke valve III(18), magnetic valve V(19), magnetic valve VI(20), magnetic valve VII(21), air conditioner water Evaporator(22), magnetic valve VIII(23), electromagnetic valve I X(24), air-source evaporator(25), magnetic valve X(26), source evaporation Device(28), compressor(29)And connecting pipe and annex composition, compressor(29)Outlet and condenser(15)Hot side inlet connects Connect, condenser(15)Cold side outlet point three tunnels respectively with choke valve I(16), choke valve II(17), choke valve III(18)Connection, Choke valve I(16)Pass through magnetic valve VII(21)With air-conditioning water evaporimeter(22)Import is connected, air-conditioning water evaporimeter(22)Outlet with Magnetic valve VIII(23)Connection;Choke valve II(17)Pass through magnetic valve VI(20)With air-source evaporator(25)Import is connected, empty Source of the gas evaporator(25)Outlet and electromagnetic valve I X(24)Connection;Choke valve III(18)Pass through magnetic valve V(19)With ground source evaporator (28)Import is connected, ground source evaporator(28)Outlet and magnetic valve X(26)Connection;Last magnetic valve VIII(23), electromagnetic valve I X (24), magnetic valve X(26)With compressor(29)Import is connected, and forms a loop;
The air conditioner cold-heat water-flow circuit is by heat storage water tank(7), electromagnetic valve I(8), air conditioner water expansion tank(9), air conditioner cold-heat Water-circulating pump(10), fan coil(11), electromagnetic valve II(12), electromagnetic valve II I(13), electromagnetic valve I V(14), air-conditioning water evaporation Device(22)And connecting pipe and annex composition, air conditioner cold-heat water-circulating pump(10)Outlet and fan coil(11)Import is connected, Fan coil(11)Outlet point two-way, passes through electromagnetic valve I V all the way(14)Connect heat storage water tank(7)B1 imports, another road passes through electricity Magnet valve II(12)With air-conditioning water evaporimeter(22)Import is connected;Air-conditioning water evaporimeter(22)Outlet passes through electromagnetic valve II I(13)With Air conditioner cold-heat water-circulating pump(10)Import is connected, heat storage water tank(7)B outlets pass through electromagnetic valve I(8)With air conditioner cold-heat water-circulating pump (10)Import is connected, air conditioner water expansion tank(9)With air conditioner cold-heat water-circulating pump(10)Import is connected, and forms a loop;
The described ground source heat storage and exchange circulatory system is by heat storage water tank(7), magnetic valve XI(27), source evaporator(28), thermal field water Circulating pump(30), source concurrent heating heat exchanger(31), underground pipe(32), source expansion tank(33), electromagnetism by-passing valve XII (34), source concurrent heating pump(35), magnetic valve XIII(36), magnetic valve XIV(37)And connecting pipe and annex composition, water storage Case(7)A outlets pass through magnetic valve XIII(36)With ground source concurrent heating pump(35)Import is connected, ground source concurrent heating pump(35)Outlet and ground source Concurrent heating heat exchanger(31)Import is connected, ground source concurrent heating heat exchanger(31)Outlet and heat storage water tank(7)A1 imports are connected, and form one Loop;Ground source heat exchange field water-circulating pump(30)Outlet point two-way respectively with magnetic valve XI(27), electromagnetism by-passing valve XII(34)Even Connect, magnetic valve XI(27)With ground source evaporator(28)Import is connected, ground source evaporator(28)Outlet and magnetic valve XIV(37)Even Connect, magnetic valve XIV(37), electromagnetism by-passing valve XII(34)Respectively with ground source concurrent heating heat exchanger(31)Import is connected, and the concurrent heating of ground source is changed Hot device(31)Outlet and underground pipe(32)Import is connected, underground pipe(32)Outlet, source expansion tank(33)Exchanged heat with ground source Field water-circulating pump(30)Import is connected, and forms a loop;Two loops constitute the system.
2. utilization solar energy according to claim 1, air energy, geothermal energy and air conditioner afterheat realize supply of cooling, heating and electrical powers system System, it is characterised in that:Low boiling working fluid steam vaporizer in the solar panel residual neat recovering system(5)Middle cycle fluid For methanol, ammonia, carbon dioxide, R227ea, R123, R143a, R134a, R290, R22, R152a, R245fa, R600, R600a, One kind or arbitrary proportion mixture in R601, R601a.
CN201621370371.XU 2016-12-14 2016-12-14 One kind realizes cooling heating and power generation system using solar energy, air energy, geothermal energy and air conditioner afterheat Withdrawn - After Issue CN206517365U (en)

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Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106685338A (en) * 2016-12-14 2017-05-17 昆明理工大学 Combined cooling-heating-power system realized by using solar energy, air energy, geothermal energy and air conditioning waste heat
CN108800483A (en) * 2018-06-20 2018-11-13 安徽南国机电科技发展有限公司 A kind of using energy source control method of central air-conditioning changes in temperature for multi-energy complementation
CN108981035A (en) * 2018-05-08 2018-12-11 福建工程学院 A kind of underground space dehumanization method and system
CN109579180A (en) * 2018-11-23 2019-04-05 东北林业大学 A kind of combined type soil source heat pump energy supplying system being transformed using abandoned oil pneumatic drill wellhole

Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106685338A (en) * 2016-12-14 2017-05-17 昆明理工大学 Combined cooling-heating-power system realized by using solar energy, air energy, geothermal energy and air conditioning waste heat
CN106685338B (en) * 2016-12-14 2018-05-25 昆明理工大学 It is a kind of to realize cooling heating and power generation system using solar energy, air energy, geothermal energy and air conditioner afterheat
CN108981035A (en) * 2018-05-08 2018-12-11 福建工程学院 A kind of underground space dehumanization method and system
CN108800483A (en) * 2018-06-20 2018-11-13 安徽南国机电科技发展有限公司 A kind of using energy source control method of central air-conditioning changes in temperature for multi-energy complementation
CN109579180A (en) * 2018-11-23 2019-04-05 东北林业大学 A kind of combined type soil source heat pump energy supplying system being transformed using abandoned oil pneumatic drill wellhole

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