CN206402698U - A kind of underground crop harvesting machine - Google Patents

A kind of underground crop harvesting machine Download PDF

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Publication number
CN206402698U
CN206402698U CN201621118722.8U CN201621118722U CN206402698U CN 206402698 U CN206402698 U CN 206402698U CN 201621118722 U CN201621118722 U CN 201621118722U CN 206402698 U CN206402698 U CN 206402698U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
harvesting machine
underground crop
crop harvesting
floating bracket
shaft
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Expired - Fee Related
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CN201621118722.8U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
栗广臣
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栗广臣
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Priority to CN201621118722.8U priority Critical patent/CN206402698U/en
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Publication of CN206402698U publication Critical patent/CN206402698U/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
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Abstract

The utility model belongs to agriculture underground harvest machinery technical field, more particularly to a kind of underground crop harvesting machine that can be used for harvesting Chinese yam, burdock, shallot, radix glycyrrhizae etc..The underground crop harvesting machine, including body, it is characterized in that:The After-Body is provided with active bridge shaft, active bridge shaft both sides are hinged with floating bracket, eccentric gap bridge axle is installed on floating bracket, eccentric gap bridge axle both sides are provided with eccentric wheel, eccentric wheel is provided with axle sleeve, and axle sleeve is connected with guide rod, and guide rod end is provided with linkage support shovel, it is arranged with floating bracket and takes off catena bar, is taken off catena bar and take off native blade provided with some.The beneficial effects of the utility model are:Underground crop both sides can be carried out with quick continuous incision, and carry out efficient vibration to midcrop simultaneously quickly completely to take out underground crop;Simple in construction, easy to operate, stability is good, operating efficiency is high, small to crops damaged condition, helps the popularization plantation of Chinese yam, improves the economic benefit of peasant.

Description

A kind of underground crop harvesting machine
(One)Technical field
The invention belongs to agriculture underground harvest machinery technical field, it is more particularly to a kind of can be used for harvest Chinese yam, it is burdock, big The underground crop harvesting machine of green onion, radix glycyrrhizae etc..
(Two)Background technology
Chinese yam is《Chinese draft》The herbal medicine recorded, with nourish it is strong, aid digestion, hold back abnormal sweating, antidiarrheal the effect of, cure mainly Insufficiency of the spleen diarrhoea, cough due to deficiency of the lung, diabetes are quenched one's thirst, oliguria frequency, seminal emission, women is with lower and dyspeptic chronic enteritis.Chinese yam It is big promising on grocery trade and processing industry, it is the crops being loved by people.Because the Chinese yam of high yield and high quality grows 80~100cm under usual depth and soil, to avoid damaging and fractureing when harvesting Chinese yam, influenceing product quality, traditional Chinese yam Harvesting approach needs to deep-cut soil and careful operation, so that need to consume the muscle power of high intensity, and operating efficiency is very low.At present Existing Chinese yam harvesting machinery, the effect earthward lifted together with the loose soil of mechanical shock and by soil and Chinese yam, but It is that structure is more complicated, operating efficiency need to manually separate soil and Chinese yam also than relatively low, and job stability is poor, it is practical Property than relatively low, it is difficult to scale volume production, it is impossible to large area plant Chinese yam peasant household bring preferable economic benefit.
(Three)The content of the invention
There is provided a kind of simple in construction, easy to operate, stability is good, work in order to make up the deficiencies in the prior art by the present invention Make efficiency high, the underground crop harvesting machine small to crops damaged condition.
The present invention is achieved through the following technical solutions:
A kind of underground crop harvesting machine, including body, it is characterized in that:The After-Body is provided with active bridge shaft, main Dynamic bridge shaft both sides, which are hinged with floating bracket, floating bracket, is provided with eccentric gap bridge axle, and eccentric gap bridge axle both sides are provided with partially Heart wheel, eccentric wheel is provided with axle sleeve, and axle sleeve is connected with guide rod, and guide rod end is provided with linkage support shovel, floating bracket and is arranged with Catena bar is taken off, catena bar is taken off and takes off native blade provided with some.
The floating bracket is hinged with telescopic oil cylinder, and telescopic oil cylinder is fixedly installed in below After-Body.
The floating bracket bottom is provided with the fixation support roller that catena bar is taken off in tensioning, and fixed support roller is coaxially connected with spiral Piece, floating bracket top is provided with the floating support roller that catena bar is taken off in tensioning, and floating support roller is installed on floating support arm.
Connecting rod is connected between the floating support arm, connecting rod is hinged with nutted rod, and nutted rod passes through locating piece spiral shell Mother's locking, nutted rod is provided with the first spring.
The catena bar two ends of taking off are sheathed on the second sprocket wheel of the first sprocket wheel of active bridge shaft and floating bracket respectively, Second sprocket wheel is installed on stent bearing plank, and stent bearing plank is installed on floating bracket end.
The eccentric gap bridge axle is installed on support frame, and support frame is fixed on floating bracket.
The active bridge shaft is installed on camber beam support arm, and camber beam support arm is fixedly installed in After-Body, active bridge shaft With being provided with grave mound cover above camber beam support arm junction.
The eccentric gap bridge axle is driven by active bridge shaft, first gear band of the active bridge shaft in deflecting gearbox Dynamic, first gear is engaged with second gear, and second gear is by driven by engine.
The second gear is by engine by belt drive, and belt lower section is provided with castle wheel, and castle wheel is installed on clutch On bar, trip(ping) lever end is articulated with body, and trip(ping) lever is connected by second spring with semicircle clutch-linkage bar, semicircle clutch Gangbar is connected with handle, and semicircle clutch-linkage bar is articulated with brace, and brace is fixed on the extension arm of deflecting gearbox.
The body is fixedly arranged at the front end with out flatrack, opens flatrack upper end provided with driving shaft, opens flatrack lower end and is provided with driven shaft, from Are flat spiral leaf is installed out, driven shaft is driven by driving shaft, and driving shaft is by driven by engine on moving axis.
The beneficial effects of the invention are as follows:Underground crop both sides can be carried out with quick continuous incision, and simultaneously to centre work Thing carries out efficient vibration quickly completely to take out underground crop;Simple in construction, easy to operate, stability is good, work effect Rate is high, small to crops damaged condition, helps the popularization plantation of Chinese yam, improves the economic benefit of peasant.
(Four)Brief description of the drawings
The present invention is further illustrated below in conjunction with the accompanying drawings.
Accompanying drawing 1 is overall structure diagram of the invention;
Accompanying drawing 2 is the left view structural representation of accompanying drawing 1;
Accompanying drawing 3 is the forward sight structural representation of accompanying drawing 1;
Accompanying drawing 4 is the overlooking the structure diagram of accompanying drawing 1;
Accompanying drawing 5 takes off catena bar structural representation for the present invention's;
Accompanying drawing 6 is first gear and second gear drive mechanism schematic diagram of the invention;
Accompanying drawing 7 is castle wheel working state schematic representation of the invention;
In figure, 1 body, 2 active bridge shafts, 3 floating brackets, 4 eccentric gap bridge axles, 5 eccentric wheels, 6 axle sleeves, 7 guide rods, 8 Dynamic support shovel, 9 take off catena bar, and 10 take off native blade, 11 telescopic oil cylinders, 12 fixation support rollers, 13 flights, 14 floating support rollers, 15 floatings Support arm, 16 connecting rods, 17 nutted rods, 18 locating pieces, 19 nuts, 20 first springs, 21 first sprocket wheels, 22 second sprocket wheels, 23 Frame torr plate, 24 support frames, 25 camber beam support arms, 26 grave mound covers, 27 deflecting gearboxes, 28 first gears, 29 second gears, 30 start Machine, 31 belts, 32 castle wheels, 33 trip(ping) levers, 34 second springs, 35 semicircle clutch-linkage bars, 36 handles, 37 braces, 38 elongations Arm, 39 open flatrack, 40 driving shafts, 41 driven shafts, and 42 open are flat spiral leaf.
(Five)Embodiment
Accompanying drawing is a kind of specific embodiment of the invention.The embodiment includes body 1, and the rear portion of body 1 is provided with actively gap bridge Axle 2, the both sides of active bridge shaft 2, which are hinged with floating bracket 3, floating bracket 3, is provided with eccentric gap bridge axle 4,4 liang of eccentric gap bridge axle Side is provided with eccentric wheel 5, and eccentric wheel 5 is provided with axle sleeve 6, and axle sleeve 6 is connected with guide rod 7, and the end of guide rod 7 is provided with linkage support shovel 8, It is arranged with floating bracket 3 and takes off catena bar 9, is taken off catena bar 9 and take off native blade 10 provided with some.Floating bracket 3 and telescopic oil cylinder 11 are hinged, and telescopic oil cylinder 11 is fixedly installed in the lower rear of body 1.The bottom of floating bracket 3 is provided with tensioning and takes off catena bar 9 Fixed support roller 12, fixed support roller 12 is coaxially connected with flight 13, and the top of floating bracket 3 is provided with tensioning and takes off the floating of catena bar 9 Dynamic support roller 14, floating support roller 14 is installed on floating support arm 15.Connecting rod 16 is connected between floating support arm 15, connecting rod 16 is cut with scissors Nutted rod 17 is connected to, nutted rod 17 is locked through locating piece 18 with nut 19, nutted rod 17 is provided with the first spring 20.Take off catena The two ends of bar 9 are sheathed on the second sprocket wheel 22 of the first sprocket wheel 21 of active bridge shaft 2 and floating bracket 3 respectively, the second sprocket wheel 22 It is installed on stent bearing plank 23, stent bearing plank 23 is installed on the end of floating bracket 3.Eccentric gap bridge axle 4 is installed on support frame 24, Support frame 24 is fixed on floating bracket 3.Active bridge shaft 2 is installed on camber beam support arm 25, and camber beam support arm 25 is fixedly installed in The rear portion of body 1, active bridge shaft 2 is with being provided with grave mound cover 26 above the junction of camber beam support arm 25.Eccentric gap bridge axle 4 is by actively passing a bridge Axle 2 is driven, and first gear 28 of the active bridge shaft 2 in deflecting gearbox 27 is driven, and first gear 28 is nibbled with second gear 29 Close, second gear 29 is driven by engine 30.Second gear 29 is driven by engine 30 by belt 31, and the lower section of belt 31 is provided with Castle wheel 32, castle wheel 32 is installed on trip(ping) lever 33, and the end of trip(ping) lever 33 is articulated with body 1, and trip(ping) lever 33 passes through second Spring 34 is connected with semicircle clutch-linkage bar 35, and semicircle clutch-linkage bar 35 is connected with handle 36, semicircle clutch-linkage bar 35 It is articulated with brace 37, brace 37 is fixed on the extension arm 38 of deflecting gearbox 27.Body 1 is fixedly arranged at the front end with out flatrack 39, The upper end of flatrack 39 is opened provided with driving shaft 40, the lower end of flatrack 39 is opened provided with driven shaft 41, are flat spiral leaf is installed out on driven shaft 41 42, driven shaft 41 is driven by driving shaft 40, and driving shaft 40 is driven by engine 30.
Using a kind of underground crop harvesting machine of the present invention, first by telescopic oil cylinder 11 by floating bracket 3 around body 1 Decline, its end is contacted ground.Start engine 30, rotate handle 36 and drive semicircle clutch-linkage bar 35 to rotate, Jin Ertong Crossing second spring 34 drives trip(ping) lever 33 to be rotated up, so that driving castle wheel 32 to move up holds out against belt 31, when semicircle from After conjunction gangbar 35 is turned over, because the distance turned over is more than its radius, semicircle clutch-linkage bar 35 can be securely fixed, so i.e. By second gear 29 first gear 28 can be driven to rotate, so as to drive the incoming deflecting gearbox 27 of power of engine 30 Active bridge shaft 2 is rotated.Active bridge shaft 2 drives the first sprocket wheel 21, takes off catena bar 9 and take off native blade 10 and rotate, and takes off native blade 10 can the incision of the lateral underground of underground crop two;Active bridge shaft 2 drives eccentric gap bridge axle 4 to rotate simultaneously, the band of eccentric gap bridge axle 4 Movable eccentric wheel 5 is rotated, the rotation of eccentric wheel 5 cause axle sleeve 6 do above and below eccentric motion, so as to drive guide rod 7 and linkage support shovel 8 to do Up-down vibration, at the same time, body 1 move ahead, and telescopic oil cylinder 11 slowly drives floating bracket 3 to rotate down until deep needed for reaching Degree.Take off two bar ditch that native blade 10 cuts out enough depth in underground crop both sides, and the up-down vibration of linkage support shovel 8 will be suspended from Between soil shake pine shake it is scattered, you can be completely exposed the underground crops such as Chinese yam, burdock, shallot, radix glycyrrhizae.Grave mound cover 26 can prevent by The soil cut splashes everywhere.The length that locating piece 18 is stretched into by adjusting nutted rod 17 can be by the regulation floating branch of connecting rod 16 The angle of arm 15, and then 14 pairs of adjustable floating support roller takes off the rate of tension of catena bar 9, then screws on nut 19, when beyond During the limitation of the screw thread of nutted rod 17, while the first spring 20 also plays certain restriction effect and cushioning effect.Fixed support roller 12 can make to take off catena bar 9 away from floating bracket 3, prevent from taking off native blade 10 when cutting soil due to too close floating bracket 3 Cause damage.Flight 13 can will take off the soil that native blade 10 claws and be pushed away to both sides, prevent soil from falling into crop both sides again In ditch.Take off catena bar 9 and be installed on the second sprocket wheel 22 on the second sprocket wheel 22 and be installed on by stent bearing plank 23 on floating bracket 3, just Changed in the detachable maintaining for taking off catena bar 9 etc..Active bridge shaft 2 and the grade part of floating bracket 3 are installed on by camber beam support arm 25 The rear portion of body 1, can prevent that the whole center of gravity of body 1 is to the rear, it is ensured that the job stability of body 1.Engine 30 drive driving shaft 40 from And driving driven shaft 41 to rotate, the drive of driven shaft 41 is opened are flat spiral leaf 42 and rotated, and will take off and be pushed into what is formed in soil above the ground Filled and led up in ditch.

Claims (10)

1. a kind of underground crop harvesting machine, including body(1), it is characterized in that:The body(1)Rear portion is provided with active bridge shaft (2), active bridge shaft(2)Both sides are hinged with floating bracket(3), floating bracket(3)On eccentric gap bridge axle is installed(4), it is eccentric Bridge shaft(4)Both sides are provided with eccentric wheel(5), eccentric wheel(5)It is provided with axle sleeve(6), axle sleeve(6)It is connected with guide rod(7), guide rod (7)End is provided with linkage support shovel(8), floating bracket(3)On be arranged with and take off catena bar(9), take off catena bar(9)Provided with some Take off native blade(10).
2. a kind of underground crop harvesting machine according to claim 1, it is characterized in that:The floating bracket(3)With stretching Oil cylinder(11)It is hinged, telescopic oil cylinder(11)It is fixedly installed in body(1)Lower rear.
3. a kind of underground crop harvesting machine according to claim 1, it is characterized in that:The floating bracket(3)Pacify bottom Catena bar is taken off equipped with tensioning(9)Fixation support roller(12), fixed support roller(12)It is coaxially connected with flight(13), floating bracket (3)Top is provided with tensioning and takes off catena bar(9)Floating support roller(14), floating support roller(14)It is installed on floating support arm(15)On.
4. a kind of underground crop harvesting machine according to claim 3, it is characterized in that:The floating support arm(15)Between connect It is connected to connecting rod(16), connecting rod(16)It is hinged with nutted rod(17), nutted rod(17)Through locating piece(18)Use nut(19) Locking, nutted rod(17)It is provided with the first spring(20).
5. a kind of underground crop harvesting machine according to claim 1, it is characterized in that:It is described to take off catena bar(9)Two ends point Active bridge shaft is not sheathed on(2)The first sprocket wheel(21)And floating bracket(3)The second sprocket wheel(22)On, the second sprocket wheel(22) It is installed on stent bearing plank(23)On, stent bearing plank(23)It is installed on floating bracket(3)End.
6. a kind of underground crop harvesting machine according to claim 1, it is characterized in that:The eccentric gap bridge axle(4)Install In support frame(24)On, support frame(24)It is fixed on floating bracket(3)On.
7. a kind of underground crop harvesting machine according to claim 1, it is characterized in that:The active bridge shaft(2)Install In camber beam support arm(25)On, camber beam support arm(25)It is fixedly installed in body(1)Rear portion, active bridge shaft(2)With camber beam support arm (25)Grave mound cover is provided with above junction(26).
8. a kind of underground crop harvesting machine according to claim 1, it is characterized in that:The eccentric gap bridge axle(4)By leading Dynamic bridge shaft(2)Drive, active bridge shaft(2)By deflecting gearbox(27)Interior first gear(28)Drive, first gear (28)With second gear(29)Engagement, second gear(29)By engine(30)Drive.
9. a kind of underground crop harvesting machine according to claim 8, it is characterized in that:The second gear(29)By starting Machine(30)Pass through belt(31)Drive, belt(31)Lower section is provided with castle wheel(32), castle wheel(32)It is installed on trip(ping) lever(33) On, trip(ping) lever(33)End is articulated with body(1)On, trip(ping) lever(33)Pass through second spring(34)With semicircle clutch-linkage bar (35)It is connected, semicircle clutch-linkage bar(35)It is connected with handle(36), semicircle clutch-linkage bar(35)It is articulated with brace(37) On, brace(37)It is fixed on deflecting gearbox(27)Extension arm(38)On.
10. a kind of underground crop harvesting machine according to claim 1, it is characterized in that:The body(1)It is fixedly arranged at the front end with Open flatrack(39), open flatrack(39)Upper end is provided with driving shaft(40), open flatrack(39)Lower end is provided with driven shaft(41), driven shaft (41)On are flat spiral leaf is installed out(42), driven shaft(41)By driving shaft(40)Drive, driving shaft(40)By engine(30) Drive.
CN201621118722.8U 2016-10-13 2016-10-13 A kind of underground crop harvesting machine Expired - Fee Related CN206402698U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201621118722.8U CN206402698U (en) 2016-10-13 2016-10-13 A kind of underground crop harvesting machine

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201621118722.8U CN206402698U (en) 2016-10-13 2016-10-13 A kind of underground crop harvesting machine

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN206402698U true CN206402698U (en) 2017-08-15

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Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201621118722.8U Expired - Fee Related CN206402698U (en) 2016-10-13 2016-10-13 A kind of underground crop harvesting machine

Country Status (1)

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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106358564A (en) * 2016-10-13 2017-02-01 栗广臣 Underground crop harvester
CN107912121A (en) * 2017-11-20 2018-04-17 山东省农业机械科学研究院 A kind of portable Green onion digging machine and its method of work
CN110679265A (en) * 2019-10-30 2020-01-14 山东农业大学 Double-row self-propelled deep planting green Chinese onion harvester

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106358564A (en) * 2016-10-13 2017-02-01 栗广臣 Underground crop harvester
CN107912121A (en) * 2017-11-20 2018-04-17 山东省农业机械科学研究院 A kind of portable Green onion digging machine and its method of work
CN110679265A (en) * 2019-10-30 2020-01-14 山东农业大学 Double-row self-propelled deep planting green Chinese onion harvester

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CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20170815

Termination date: 20191013