CN202773424U - Vibrating type fruiter harvest device - Google Patents

Vibrating type fruiter harvest device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN202773424U
CN202773424U CN 201220243109 CN201220243109U CN202773424U CN 202773424 U CN202773424 U CN 202773424U CN 201220243109 CN201220243109 CN 201220243109 CN 201220243109 U CN201220243109 U CN 201220243109U CN 202773424 U CN202773424 U CN 202773424U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
spherical
steel wire
wire rope
rocking bar
pull bar
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Withdrawn - After Issue
Application number
CN 201220243109
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
王学农
牛长河
刘旋峰
刘向东
石鑫
郭兆峰
孙小丽
乔园园
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Agricultural Mechanization Research Institute Xinjiang Academy of Agricultural Sciences
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Agricultural Mechanization Research Institute Xinjiang Academy of Agricultural Sciences
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Publication date
Application filed by Agricultural Mechanization Research Institute Xinjiang Academy of Agricultural Sciences filed Critical Agricultural Mechanization Research Institute Xinjiang Academy of Agricultural Sciences
Priority to CN 201220243109 priority Critical patent/CN202773424U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN202773424U publication Critical patent/CN202773424U/en
Withdrawn - After Issue legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

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Abstract

The utility model provides a vibrating type fruiter harvest device and belongs to the technical field of orchard harvest. The vibrating type fruiter harvest device comprises a rack, an inner spherical surface drawing rod a, an outer spherical surface shaft sleeve a, an L-shaped rocking bar, an inner spherical surface drawing rod b, an outer spherical surface shaft sleeve b, a connecting rod, an eccentric gear, a power input shaft, a steel wire rope and a hook. The rack is fixed on the rear portion of a tractor, the power input shaft is fixed on the rack, the other end of the power input shaft is connected with the eccentric gear, the eccentric gear is connected with the L-shaped rocking bar in a hinged mode through the connecting rod, the left end of the L-shaped rocking bar is connected with the steel wire rope in a hanging mode, and the other end of the steel wire rope is provided with the hook. A power output shaft of the tractor drives the eccentric gear to rotate, the eccentric gear transmits power to the L-shaped rocking bar, the L-shaped rocking bar is enabled to swing left and right to drive a trunk connected with the steel wire rope and the hook in the hanging mode to vibrate and fruits are shaken off. The vibrating type fruiter harvest device can adjust the vibration amplitude and the vibrational frequency of the steel wire rope acting on the trunk, and is suitable for the harvest of various fruiters. Meanwhile, due to the fact that the length of the steel wire rope is adjustable, the vibrating type fruiter harvest is suitable for the mechanized harvesting of fruits of any planting pattern.

Description

The vibrating type fruit tree recovering device
Technical field
The utility model relates to a kind of orchard harvest machinery, belongs to orchard results technical field.
Background technology
Woods fruit harvest operation is most important link in the orchard production overall process, the main method of at present China's harvesting woods fruit is to rely on artificial the harvesting, or adopts simple aid harvesting, namely adopts pole to beat branch, allow mellow fruit drop, regather in the container.Above-mentioned picking method inefficiency, labour intensity is large.The Machinery for orchard results mainly adopt vibratory drilling method, make fruit shake.Through the Searches of Patent Literature, the woods fruit reaping machine of having developed at present has: " vibrating type fruit tree harvester ", its patent No. is 200820125040.9, this vibrating type fruit tree harvester is comprised of fruit tree jolting device, hydraulic control system, fuel tank and counterweight etc., and it is characterized in that: fruit tree jolting device is installed in the tractor front end that is not less than 44kW.Although this machine fruit picking speed is fast, efficiency of crop is high, alternative traditional plucking by hand, and this machine complex structure, manufacturing cost height, the space that needs during equipment work is larger, only is suitable for the picking fruit that fruit tree has larger working space all around.
Summary of the invention
For the deficiencies in the prior art part, the utility model provides a kind of vibrating type fruit tree recovering device, can use from the tractor of different horsepower, what be applicable to the dry fruit product processed such as walnut, almond, red date and sauce fruit processed gathers sauce fruit processed such as apricot, apple etc.This machine is simple in structure, cost is low, the operation fault rate is few, is applicable to the woods fruit mechanized harvest of any cropping pattern, has well solved the problem that woods is really gathered in the crops.
The utility model is achieved through the following technical solutions for reaching above purpose: comprise frame, Internal Spherical Surface pull bar a, spherical outside surface axle sleeve a, L-type rocking bar, Internal Spherical Surface pull bar b, bearing pin, spherical outside surface axle sleeve b, connecting rod, camshaft, eccentric wheel, power input shaft, steel wire rope, hook; Frame is fixed in rear tractor by lower link and the upper connecting rod of tractor, and power input shaft is fixed on the frame by rolling bearing units, and the other end of power input shaft connects eccentric wheel; Internal Spherical Surface pull bar a matches with spherical outside surface axle sleeve a, and hinged with camshaft, and camshaft is fixed on the eccentric wheel, and Internal Spherical Surface pull bar b matches with spherical outside surface axle sleeve b, is articulated in L-type rocking bar one end by bearing pin, and the L-type rocking bar other end is articulated in the frame rear; Internal Spherical Surface pull bar a connects by connecting rod with Internal Spherical Surface pull bar b; The upper end of L-type rocking bar articulates steel wire rope, and the steel wire rope other end is provided with hook; Tractor motive power output shaft drives the power input shaft rotation by gimbal coupling, and band movable eccentric wheel and camshaft rotate, and to the L-type rocking bar, the L-type rocking bar are swung transmission of power, the trunk vibration that drives steel wire rope and articulate.
A kind of design as vibrating type fruit tree recovering device of the present utility model: the Internal Spherical Surface of Internal Spherical Surface pull bar a matches with the spherical outside surface of spherical outside surface axle sleeve a, so that Internal Spherical Surface pull bar a can rotate relative to spherical outside surface axle sleeve a.
A kind of design as vibrating type fruit tree recovering device of the present utility model: the Internal Spherical Surface of Internal Spherical Surface pull bar b matches with the spherical outside surface of spherical outside surface axle sleeve b, so that Internal Spherical Surface pull bar b can rotate relative to spherical outside surface axle sleeve b.
A kind of design as vibrating type fruit tree recovering device of the present utility model: be furnished with 1~30 circular hole on the L-type rocking bar from top to bottom, be used for articulating steel wire rope.
A kind of design as vibrating type fruit tree recovering device of the present utility model: hook is used with steel wire rope, can be used for articulating trunk or branch.
The beneficial effects of the utility model are: in the fruit tree mature period, can be in time, easily it is gathered, and be convenient to follow-up storage, processing.During this device operation, rotated by gimbal coupling driving force power shaft by tractor motive power output shaft, band movable eccentric wheel and camshaft rotate, camshaft and Internal Spherical Surface pull bar b and spherical outside surface axle sleeve b are hinged, bearing pin and Internal Spherical Surface pull bar a and spherical outside surface axle sleeve a are hinged, and connecting rod links Internal Spherical Surface pull bar b and Internal Spherical Surface pull bar a.Eccentric wheel rotates the drive connecting rod and swings up and down, and eccentric rotation is converted to swinging of L-type rocking bar, drives steel wire rope and the trunk vibration that articulates, and fruit is shaken.This machine is simple in structure, cost is low, the operation fault rate is few, can use with any horsepower tractor, and the woods that is applicable to any number of implant model is really gathered in the crops.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is the main TV structure schematic diagram of the utility model embodiment one.
Fig. 2 is Internal Spherical Surface pull bar a and the schematic diagram that cooperates of spherical outside surface axle sleeve a.
1. frames among the figure, 2. Internal Spherical Surface pull bar a, 3. bearing pin, 4. spherical outside surface axle sleeve a, 5.L type rocking bar, 6. steel wire rope, 7. hook, 8. connecting rod, 9. Internal Spherical Surface pull bar b, 10. spherical outside surface axle sleeve b, 11. camshaft, 12. eccentric wheels, 13. rolling bearing units, 14. power input shaft, 15. gimbal couplings, 16. lower links, 17. tractor motive power output shaft, 18. upper connecting rods, 19. tractors.
Fig. 3 is the main TV structure schematic diagram of the utility model embodiment two.
1. frames among the figure, 2. camshaft, 3. connection cord dead lever, 4. eccentric wheel, 5. connection cord, the 6. collar, 7.L the type rocking bar, 8. rocker bracket, 9. steel wire rope, 10. hook, 11. rolling bearing units, 12. lower link, 13. gimbal couplings, 14. tractor motive power output shaft, 15. upper connecting rods, 16. tractors.
Fig. 4 is the main TV structure schematic diagram of the utility model embodiment three.
1. frames among the figure, 2. gearbox input shaft, 3. gear-box, 4. eccentric wheel, 5. connecting rod, 6.L type rocking bar, 7. rocker bracket, 8. steel wire rope, 9. hook, 10. lower link, 11. gimbal couplings, 12. tractor motive power output shaft, 13. upper connecting rods, 14. tractors.
Embodiment
Embodiment one: frame (1) is fixed in tractor (19) rear by lower link (16) and the upper connecting rod (18) of tractor, tractor lower link (16) and upper connecting rod (18) are hinged with frame (1), can adjust by the hydraulic lifting system of control tractor (19) height of frame (1).Power input shaft (14) is fixed on the frame (1) by rolling bearing units (13), and the other end of power input shaft (14) connects eccentric wheel (12); Internal Spherical Surface pull bar a (2) matches with spherical outside surface axle sleeve a (4), and hinged with camshaft (11), camshaft (11) is fixed on the eccentric wheel (12), Internal Spherical Surface pull bar b (9) matches with spherical outside surface axle sleeve b (10), be articulated in L-type rocking bar (5) one ends by bearing pin (3), L-type rocking bar (5) other end is articulated in frame (1) rear; Internal Spherical Surface pull bar a (2) connects by connecting rod (8) with Internal Spherical Surface pull bar b (9); The upper end of L-type rocking bar (5) articulates steel wire rope (6), and steel wire rope (6) other end is provided with hook (7); Tractor motive power output shaft (17) drives power input shaft (14) rotation by gimbal coupling (15), band movable eccentric wheel (12) and camshaft (11) rotate, with transmission of power to L-type rocking bar (5), L-type rocking bar (5) is swung, drive the trunk vibration that steel wire rope (6) and hook (7) articulate.Be furnished with 1~30 circular hole on the L-type rocking bar (5) from top to bottom, by changing the position that articulates of steel wire rope (6) and circular hole, can change steel wire rope (6) to the amplitude size of fruit tree.
Embodiment two: frame (1) is fixed in tractor (16) rear by lower link (12) and upper connecting rod (15), camshaft (2) is fixed in frame (1) front end by rolling bearing units (11), eccentric wheel (4) is fixed on the camshaft (2), and L-type rocking bar (7) is fixed in frame (1) rear end by rocker bracket (8); Connection cord dead lever (3) and the collar (6) are installed on the eccentric wheel (4), and the collar (6) is hinged with connection cord dead lever (3); Connection cord (5) links up L-type rocking bar (7) and eccentric wheel (4); The left end of L-type rocking bar (7) is furnished with 1~30 circular hole from top to bottom, is used for changing the position that articulates of steel wire rope (9), and steel wire rope (9) other end is provided with hook (10); Tractor motive power output shaft (14) drives camshaft (2) rotation by gimbal coupling (13), band movable eccentric wheel (4) rotates, eccentric wheel (4) with transmission of power to L-type rocking bar (7), L-type rocking bar (7) is swung, drive the tree bar vibration that steel wire rope (9) and hook (10) articulate.
Embodiment three: frame (1) is fixed in tractor (14) rear by lower link (10) and upper connecting rod (13), eccentric wheel (4) is fixed on the output shaft of gear-box (3), L-type rocking bar (6) is fixed in frame (1) rear end by rocker bracket (7), the left end of L-type rocking bar (6) is furnished with 1~30 circular hole from top to bottom, be used for changing the position that articulates of steel wire rope (8), the other end of steel wire rope (8) is provided with hook (9); Tractor motive power output shaft (12) connects with gearbox input shaft (2) by gimbal coupling (11); Tractor motive power output shaft (12) rotary actuation gearbox input shaft (2) rotates, the rotation of gearbox input shaft driven gear case output shaft, thus band movable eccentric wheel (4) rotates.Because connecting rod (5) one ends are hinged on the eccentric wheel (4), the other end is hinged on L-type rocking bar (6) right-hand member, consist of crank and rocker mechanism, therefore the rotation of eccentric wheel (4) can be exchanged into swinging of L-type rocking bar (6), drives the trunk vibration that steel wire rope (8) and hook (9) articulate.
The course of work of the present utility model and principle are as follows:
During operation, start tractor, it is suitable by the hydraulic lift of adjusting tractor bracket height to be adjusted, and the simultaneously power take-off of tractor rotation drives power input shaft by gimbal coupling and rotates, band movable eccentric wheel and camshaft rotation.Because Internal Spherical Surface pull bar a matches with spherical outside surface axle sleeve a, and hinged with camshaft, camshaft is fixed on the eccentric wheel, Internal Spherical Surface pull bar b matches with spherical outside surface axle sleeve b, and be articulated in L-type rocking bar one end by bearing pin, Internal Spherical Surface pull bar a connects by connecting rod with Internal Spherical Surface pull bar b, therefore can drive the L-type rocking bar by connecting rod when eccentric wheel rotates and swing.The affixed steel wire rope of the left end of L-type rocking bar, the other end of steel wire rope is provided with hook, and steel wire rope and hook are used, and can hang trunk or the branch of arbitrary dimension.The trunk vibration that the L-type rocking bar swings and drives steel wire rope and articulate shakes fruit fall.Be furnished with 1~30 circular hole on the L-type rocking bar from top to bottom, by changing the position that articulates of steel wire rope and circular hole, can change steel wire rope to the Oscillation Amplitude of fruit tree.The rotating speed of tractor motive power output shaft is adjustable, is used for changing eccentric rotating speed, thereby changes the vibration frequency of L-type rocking bar, and then changes the vibration frequency of steel wire rope and the trunk that articulates.Because therefore amplitude and the vibration frequency of this device capable of regulating steel wire rope are applicable to each fruit trees results.Simultaneously because rope capacity can according to situation adjustment on the spot, therefore be applicable to the woods fruit mechanized harvest of any cropping pattern.
At last, note also that what more than enumerate only is three specific embodiments of the present utility model.Obviously, the utility model is not limited to above embodiment, and many distortion can also be arranged, and all distortion that those of ordinary skill in the art can directly derive or associate from the disclosed content of the utility model think that all guarantor of the present utility model expands scope.

Claims (5)

1. a vibrating type fruit tree recovering device is characterized in that: comprise frame (1), Internal Spherical Surface pull bar a (2), spherical outside surface axle sleeve a (4), bearing pin (3), L-type rocking bar (5), Internal Spherical Surface pull bar b (9), spherical outside surface axle sleeve b (10), connecting rod (8), camshaft (11), eccentric wheel (12), power input shaft (14), steel wire rope (6), hook (7); Frame (1) is fixed in tractor (19) rear by lower link (16) and the upper connecting rod (18) of tractor, power input shaft (14) is fixed on the frame (1) by rolling bearing units (13), and the other end of power input shaft (14) connects eccentric wheel (12); Internal Spherical Surface pull bar a (2) matches with spherical outside surface axle sleeve a (4), and hinged with camshaft (11), camshaft (11) is fixed on the eccentric wheel (12), Internal Spherical Surface pull bar b (9) matches with spherical outside surface axle sleeve b (10), be articulated in L-type rocking bar (5) one ends by bearing pin (3), L-type rocking bar (5) other end is articulated in frame (1) rear; Internal Spherical Surface pull bar a (2) connects by connecting rod (8) with Internal Spherical Surface pull bar b (9); The upper end of L-type rocking bar (5) articulates steel wire rope (6), and steel wire rope (6) other end is provided with hook (7); Tractor motive power output shaft (17) drives power input shaft (14) rotation by gimbal coupling (15), band movable eccentric wheel (12) and camshaft (11) rotate, with transmission of power to L-type rocking bar (5), L-type rocking bar (5) is swung, drive the trunk vibration that steel wire rope (6) and hook (7) articulate.
2. vibrating type fruit tree recovering device according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: the Internal Spherical Surface of Internal Spherical Surface pull bar a (2) matches with the spherical outside surface of spherical outside surface axle sleeve a (4), so that Internal Spherical Surface pull bar a (2) can rotate relative to spherical outside surface axle sleeve a (4).
3. vibrating type fruit tree recovering device according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: the Internal Spherical Surface of Internal Spherical Surface pull bar b (9) matches with the spherical outside surface of spherical outside surface axle sleeve b (10), so that Internal Spherical Surface pull bar b (9) can rotate relative to spherical outside surface axle sleeve b (10).
4. vibrating type fruit tree recovering device according to claim 1 is characterized in that: be furnished with 1~30 circular hole on the L-type rocking bar (5) from top to bottom, be used for articulating steel wire rope (6).
5. vibrating type fruit tree recovering device according to claim 1 is characterized in that: link up with (7) and be used with steel wire rope (6), can be used for articulating trunk or branch.
CN 201220243109 2012-05-28 2012-05-28 Vibrating type fruiter harvest device Withdrawn - After Issue CN202773424U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 201220243109 CN202773424U (en) 2012-05-28 2012-05-28 Vibrating type fruiter harvest device

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 201220243109 CN202773424U (en) 2012-05-28 2012-05-28 Vibrating type fruiter harvest device

Publications (1)

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CN202773424U true CN202773424U (en) 2013-03-13

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CN 201220243109 Withdrawn - After Issue CN202773424U (en) 2012-05-28 2012-05-28 Vibrating type fruiter harvest device

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102656999A (en) * 2012-05-28 2012-09-12 新疆农业科学院农业机械化研究所 Vibrating fruit tree harvester
CN110574552A (en) * 2019-10-17 2019-12-17 刘青梅 Fruit picking machine for agricultural planting and using method

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102656999A (en) * 2012-05-28 2012-09-12 新疆农业科学院农业机械化研究所 Vibrating fruit tree harvester
CN110574552A (en) * 2019-10-17 2019-12-17 刘青梅 Fruit picking machine for agricultural planting and using method

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C14 Grant of patent or utility model
AV01 Patent right actively abandoned

Granted publication date: 20130313

Effective date of abandoning: 20140326

AV01 Patent right actively abandoned

Granted publication date: 20130313

Effective date of abandoning: 20140326

AV01 Patent right actively abandoned
AV01 Patent right actively abandoned