Utility model content
The purpose of this utility model is to provide a kind of lifting translation machine and rail lifting translation device, to solve existing skill
The big technical problem of the labour intensity of user present in art.
A kind of lifting translation machine that the utility model is provided, the lifting translation machine includes：Hydraulic lifting mechanism, crane
And support；The hydraulic lifting mechanism includes hydraulic cylinder and hydraulic pump；The hydraulic pump is each attached to institute with the hydraulic cylinder
State on support；The hydraulic pump is connected with the hydraulic cylinder；The crane is connected with the piston rod of the hydraulic cylinder, so that institute
Stating piston rod drives the crane to rise or decline.
Further, the hydraulic lifting mechanism also includes actuator, flexible member and compression relief cock；The hydraulic pump
It is plunger displacement pump；The pump housing of the plunger displacement pump is fixed on the support；Actuator is stated to be flexibly connected with the support；When the drive
Moving part towards the plunger of the plunger displacement pump move when, the actuator applies downward active force to the plunger；
One end of the flexible member is connected with the plunger of the plunger displacement pump, and the other end is connected with the support, for
The plunger applies upward active force；The compression relief cock is arranged on the pump housing.
Further, the actuator includes pedal position, rotation section and compressed part；The pedal position and the compressed part are equal
It is connected with the rotation section；The rotation section rotates with the support and is connected；The rotation section can be driven in the compressed part
Rise or lower general；When the rotation section is towards the plunger rotation, the compressed part applies downward effect to the plunger
Further, the actuator also includes hand-operated；The hand-operated is connected with the rotation section, for driving
Rotation section is stated to be rotated relative to the support.
Further, the hand-operated includes hand lever and tumbler；The rotation section includes rotating bar and rotary shaft；Institute
The one end for stating rotating bar is fixedly connected with the rotary shaft, and the other end is fixedly connected with the pedal position；The rotary shaft and institute
State support and rotate connection；
The tumbler is fixedly connected with the rotary shaft；The lower end of the hand lever abuts with the tumbler, is used for
The tumbler is driven to rotate.
Further, the lower surface of the hand lever is the first inclined-plane；The upper surface of the tumbler is the second inclined-plane；Institute
State the first inclined-plane parallel with second inclined-plane, and first inclined-plane is abutted with second inclined-plane.
Further, the bottom of the crane and/or sidepiece are rotated and are provided with roller；The roller is described for reducing
Frictional force between crane and tool track.
Further, it is vertically arranged with guide rail on the support；It is vertically arranged with the crane and is matched somebody with somebody with the guide rail
The projection of conjunction.
Further, it is provided with circular guide on the support；The circular guide is set in outside the crane,
So that the crane is moved up and down in the circular guide.
Further, a kind of rail lifting translation device, it is characterised in that flat including lifting such as described in the utility model
In the utility model, when in use, user is by the hydraulic pump of hydraulic lifting mechanism to hydraulic pressure oil supply cylinder so that
The piston rod of hydraulic cylinder protrudes upward the cylinder barrel of hydraulic cylinder, and piston rod promotes crane to export upward thrust, that is, piston rod
Push up crane so that crane rises to predeterminated position, be placed on tool track on crane by user, then controls
The piston rod of hydraulic cylinder declines so that crane drops to predeterminated position, and so as to tool track be fallen, user unloads tool track
To predeterminated position.
In the utility model, the rising of crane and lower general are realized by hydraulic lifting mechanism, that is, passing through hydraulic lifting
Mechanism is that crane and tool track provide lifting force, compared with manually rotating handles of the prior art, its labour intensity
It is small, and hydraulic lifting mechanism has, and lifting force is big, act the fast and reliable advantage of smooth operation.
The technical solution of the utility model is clearly and completely described below in conjunction with accompanying drawing, it is clear that described
Embodiment is a part of embodiment of the utility model, rather than whole embodiments.Based on the embodiment in the utility model, this
The every other embodiment that field those of ordinary skill is obtained under the premise of creative work is not made, belongs to this practicality
Novel protected scope.
It is term " " center ", " on ", D score, "left", "right", " perpendicular, it is necessary to explanation in description of the present utility model
Directly ", the orientation or position relationship of the instruction such as " level ", " interior ", " outward " are, based on orientation shown in the drawings or position relationship, to be only
Described with simplified for the ease of description the utility model, must had rather than the device or element for indicating or implying meaning specific
Orientation, with specific azimuth configuration and operation, therefore it is not intended that to limitation of the present utility model.Additionally, term " the
One ", " second ", " the 3rd " are only used for describing purpose, and it is not intended that indicating or implying relative importance.
, it is necessary to explanation, unless otherwise clearly defined and limited, term " is pacified in description of the present utility model
Dress ", " connected ", " connection " should be interpreted broadly, for example, it may be fixedly connected, or be detachably connected, or integratedly
Connection；Can mechanically connect, or electrically connect；Can be joined directly together, it is also possible to be indirectly connected to by intermediary,
Can be two connections of element internal.For the ordinary skill in the art, above-mentioned art can be understood with concrete condition
Concrete meaning of the language in the utility model.
Fig. 1 provides the structural representation of lifting translation machine for the utility model embodiment；Fig. 2 is that the lifting shown in Fig. 1 is put down
Another structural representation of telephone-moving；As depicted in figs. 1 and 2, the utility model embodiment provides a kind of lifting translation machine, the lifting
Translation machine includes：Hydraulic lifting mechanism 3, crane 2 and support 1；Hydraulic lifting mechanism 3 includes hydraulic cylinder 31 and hydraulic pump；
Hydraulic pump is each attached on support 1 with hydraulic cylinder 31；Hydraulic pump is connected with hydraulic cylinder 31；The piston of crane 2 and hydraulic cylinder 31
Bar 311 is connected, so that piston rod 311 drives crane 2 to rise or decline.
In the present embodiment, when in use, user, to the fuel feeding of hydraulic cylinder 31, is made by the hydraulic pump of hydraulic lifting mechanism 3
The piston rod 311 for obtaining hydraulic cylinder 31 protrudes upward the cylinder barrel of hydraulic cylinder 31, and piston rod 311 promotes crane 2 to export upward pushing away
Power, that is, piston rod 311 pushes up crane 2 so that crane 2 rises to predeterminated position, user puts tool track 4
Put on crane 2, then control the piston rod 311 of hydraulic cylinder 31 to decline so that crane 2 drops to predeterminated position, so that
Tool track 4 is fallen, user unloads tool track 4 to predeterminated position.
In the present embodiment, the rising of crane 2 and lower general are realized by hydraulic lifting mechanism 3, that is, passing through hydraulic lifting
Mechanism 3 is that crane 2 and tool track 4 provide lifting force, and compared with manually rotating handles of the prior art, its work is strong
Degree is small, and hydraulic lifting mechanism 3 has, and lifting force is big, act the fast and reliable advantage of smooth operation.
Wherein, the piston rod 311 of hydraulic cylinder 31 can decline by deadweight and withdraw, it is also possible to by hydraulic pump to hydraulic cylinder
Fuel feeding realizes that the decline of piston rod 311 is withdrawn in 31 rod chamber.
Fig. 6 is the structural representation for lifting hydraulic lifting mechanism in translation machine shown in Fig. 1；Fig. 7 is the lifting shown in Fig. 1
Another structural representation of hydraulic lifting mechanism in translation machine, Fig. 8 is the partial sectional view in the lifting translation machine shown in Fig. 1；
As shown in Figure 1, Figure 2, shown in Fig. 6, Fig. 7 and Fig. 8, on the basis of above-described embodiment, further, hydraulic lifting mechanism 3 also includes
Actuator 34, flexible member 32 and compression relief cock 35；Hydraulic pump is plunger displacement pump 33；The pump housing of plunger displacement pump 33 is fixed on support 1
On；Actuator 34 is flexibly connected with support 1；When actuator 34 is moved towards the plunger of plunger displacement pump 33, actuator 34 is to plunger
Apply downward active force；One end of flexible member 32 is connected with the plunger of plunger displacement pump 33, and the other end is connected with support 1, is used for
Apply upward active force to plunger；Compression relief cock 35 is arranged on the pump housing.Further, actuator 34 include pedal position 342,
Rotation section 341 and compressed part 344；Pedal position 342 and compressed part 344 are connected with rotation section 341；1 turn of rotation section 341 and support
Dynamic connection；Rotation section 341 can drive compressed part 344 to rise or lower general；When rotation section 341 is towards plunger rotation, compress
Portion 344 applies downward active force to plunger.
In the present embodiment, user foot is stepped down on pedal position 342, and applies downward active force to pedal position 342, from
And drive rotation section 341 to rotate down, that is, rotation section 341 is towards plunger rotation, compressed part 344 is moved down, meanwhile, pressure
Tight portion 344 applies downward active force to plunger, and plunger is moved down, and the pressure oil in plunger displacement pump 33 enters to hydraulic cylinder 31
Interior, flexible member 32 produces elastic force, the piston rod 311 of hydraulic cylinder 31 to protrude upward by compression, promotes crane 2 to rise.Use
The light foot-up portion of person, the elastic force of flexible member 32 pushes up plunger so that plunger is moved up, and compressed part 344 rises, rotation section
341 rotate round about.User applies downward active force to pedal position 342 again, and rotation section 341 rotates down, pressure
Tight portion 344 is moved down, and plunger is moved down, and the pressure oil in plunger displacement pump 33 is entered in hydraulic cylinder 31, and flexible member 32 is again
It is secondary to produce elastic force, the piston rod 311 of hydraulic cylinder 31 to stretch out again up by compression, promote crane 2 to rise the light foot-up of user
Portion, pedal position 342 is iteratively operating on this so that the piston rod 311 of oil cylinder promotes liter valency frame to rise to preset height.Then beat
Compression relief cock 35 is opened, the pressure in hydraulic cylinder 31 is reduced, piston rod 311 is downward under the Action of Gravity Field of crane 2 and tool track 4
Mobile, tool track 4 falls.
In the present embodiment, user acts on pedal position 342 by foot so that plunger displacement pump 33 in hydraulic cylinder 31 to supplying
Oil, simple structure is easy to operate, and failure is few, and easy to maintenance.
Wherein, compression relief cock 35 can be pressure relief valve.Rotation section 341 can directly rotate with support 1 and be connected, it is also possible to
Rotated with hydraulic cylinder 31 and be connected, be connected so as to be rotated indirectly with support 1.
Flexible member 32 can be spring, and spring is set in outside plunger, and spring can be fixedly connected with one end with plunger, another
End is fixedly connected with support 1.Fixed plate 343 can also be set on plunger, and one end of spring abuts with fixed plate 343, another
End abuts with support 1.
Fig. 4 is another structural representation for lifting support in translation machine shown in Fig. 1；Fig. 5 is the lifting translation shown in Fig. 1
The structural representation of crane in machine；As shown in Figures 4 to 7, further, rotation section 341 can be crank throw, compressed part 344
Can be disk roller, pedal position 342 can be pedal；One end of crank throw is rotated with support 1 and is connected, and the other end is rotated with pedal
Connection；Disk roller is rotatably connected on crank throw, and pedal is located at the top of plunger displacement pump 33.Crane 2 includes top channel-section steel 21, middle part
Channel-section steel 22 and bottom channel-section steel 23.Middle part channel-section steel 22 is vertically arranged, and top channel-section steel 21 is connected to the upper end of middle part channel-section steel 22, and and liquid
The upper surface contact of the piston rod 311 of cylinder pressure 31.Bottom channel-section steel 23 be connected to middle part channel-section steel 22 lower end, piston rod 311, namely
Propulsion arm, is connected to the bottom of top channel-section steel 21, and be connected with the piston rod 311 of hydraulic cylinder 31.
When effect is with pedal downwards for user foot, pedal drives crank throw to be rotated to the direction of plunger displacement pump 33, disk roller
Move down, and apply downward active force to plunger, plunger displacement pump 33 is to the input pressure of hydraulic cylinder 31 oil, the piston of hydraulic cylinder 31
Bar 311 promotes propulsion arm to export upward thrust, and this thrust promotes the top channel-section steel 21 of crane 2, will be placed on bottom channel-section steel
Tool track 4 on 23 is lifted up.When tool track 4 is in place, the pressure release of compression relief cock 35 is unscrewed, in tool track 4 and crane 2
Action of Gravity Field under, tool track 4 falls.That is, hydraulic lifting machine of the hydraulic lifting mechanism 3 as lifting translation machine, plunger
Pump 33 provides driving force, and this driving force is moved upwards by the piston rod 311 in driving hydraulic cylinder after conversion 31.
In the present embodiment, due to many using common profile module, Precision Machining part is few, Master Cost and processing charges
It is few, can be widely popularized and use, low cost has good social and economic benefit.
Wherein it should be noted that crank throw refers to sweeping connecting rod, and it is bent downwardly.Person foot is not so easy to use
Effect and pedal position 342, save strength when user rides.
Wherein, positioning steel bushing 27 can be set on top channel-section steel 21, in the upper end insertion positioning steel bushing 27 of piston rod 311,
So as to piston rod 311 is positioned in positioning cylinder sleeve 27, prevent piston rod 311 from moving left and right, improve stability.
Fig. 3 is the structural representation for lifting support in translation machine shown in Fig. 1, as shown in figure 3, support 1 may include base plate
11 and I-steel 12.I-steel 12 is vertically arranged on base plate 11, and plunger displacement pump 33 and hydraulic cylinder 31 are respectively provided with base plate 11, and
And positioned at the both sides of I-steel 12.
Support 1 can also include the first reinforcing plate 14 and the second reinforcing plate 15, the first reinforcing plate 14 and the second reinforcing plate 15
It is separately positioned on the both sides of I-steel 12, one end of the first reinforcing plate 14 and the second reinforcing plate 15 is connected with I-steel 12, another
End is connected with base plate 11.It is strong with the connection of base plate 11 that the setting of the first reinforcing plate 14 and the second reinforcing plate 15 can strengthen I-steel 12
Degree, improves stability when support 1 is supported.Wherein, the first reinforcing plate 14 and the second reinforcing plate 15 can be two.Two
The setting at an acute angle of one reinforcing plate 14, plunger displacement pump 33 and hydraulic cylinder 31 are arranged between two the first reinforcing plates 14.Two second add
Strong plate 15 be arranged in parallel.Now, the bonding strength highest of I-steel 12 and base plate 11.
Fig. 9 is the structural representation for lifting hand lever and tumbler in translation machine shown in Fig. 1；Figure 10 is shown in Fig. 9
The partial schematic diagram of hand lever and tumbler in lifting translation machine, as shown in Figure 9 and Figure 10, on the basis of above-described embodiment,
Further, actuator 34 also includes hand-operated 36；Hand-operated 36 is connected with rotation section 341, for driving rotation section 341 relative
Support 1 is rotated.Further, hand-operated 36 includes hand lever 361 and tumbler 363；Rotation section 341 includes rotating bar and rotation
Axle；One end of rotating bar is fixedly connected with the rotating shaft, and the other end is fixedly connected with pedal position 342；Rotary shaft is rotated with support 1 and connected
Connect；Tumbler 363 is fixedly connected with the rotating shaft；The lower end of hand lever 361 abuts with tumbler 363, for driving tumbler 363
Rotate.Further, the lower surface of hand lever 361 is the first inclined-plane 364；The upper surface of tumbler 363 is the second inclined-plane 365；
First inclined-plane 364 is parallel with the second inclined-plane 365, and the first inclined-plane 364 is abutted with the second inclined-plane 365.
In the present embodiment, user also manually can drive rotation section 341 to rotate in portion 36.Tumbler 363 and rotating bar
Rotational pin is shared, that is, sharing rotary shaft.When user pulls 361 rotate counterclockwise of hand lever, the lower surface of hand lever 361
The second inclined-plane 365 in the effect of first inclined-plane 364 and tumbler 363, the first inclined-plane 364 applies downward to the second inclined-plane 365
Active force, so as to drive tumbler 363 to rotate down.Because tumbler 363 and rotating bar share rotary shaft, so that by rotating
Axle drives rotating bar to rotate down, the downward compression plunger of compressed part 344, and plunger displacement pump 33 is to the input pressure of hydraulic cylinder 31 oil.
In the present embodiment, user manually can also be pressed in portion 36 while by 342 compression plunger pump 33 of pedal position
Contracting plunger displacement pump 33.In normal circumstances, with riding to the reinforcing of plunger displacement pump 33, when lifting thing is overweight, then added using hand lever
Power, it is more laborsaving because the hand lever arm of force is long.The lifting translation machine that the present embodiment is provided, it is easy for operation, can both use pin
Step on, hand lever 361 can be used again, the take-easy practicality of structure safeguards simple.
Wherein, rotating bar can be above-mentioned described crank throw.Can be set and hand lever 361 in the upper end of hand lever 361
Vertical hand-held pole 362, user's operation hand-held pole 362 is rotated to hand lever 361, and convenient use person puts forth effort.Hand-held pole
362 can be roller, convenient use person's operation hand-held pole 362.
As shown in Figure 4 and Figure 5, on the basis of above-described embodiment, further, the bottom of crane 2 and/or sidepiece turn
It is dynamic to be provided with roller；Roller is used to reduce the frictional force between crane 2 and tool track 4.
In the present embodiment, roller is set in the bottom of crane 2 and sidepiece, after tool track 4 is placed on crane 2,
The bottom of tool track 4 is contacted with the roller positioned at bottom, and the sidepiece of tool track 4 is contacted with the roller positioned at sidepiece.Work as user
During mobile tool track 4, disk roller is rolled, so that tool track 4 produces rolling friction with disk roller.
In the present embodiment, roller is set on crane 2 so that crane 2 and tool track 4 produce rolling friction, roll
Frictional force is much smaller than force of sliding friction, significantly reduces the labour intensity of staff.The lower surface and side of tool track 4 are only
Contacted with roller, rolling is only produced during mobile tool track 4, reduce coefficient of friction, so that the resistance of mobile tool track 4
Small, light and flexible.
Wherein, roller can be rolling bearing 26.Roller can be multiple, that is, rolling bearing 26 can be multiple.
The inner chamber of the bottom channel-section steel 23 of crane 2 sets bottom bearing axle 24 and six rolling bearings 26, and six rolling bearings 26 are the bottom of along
The length direction of portion's bearing axle 24 is set gradually, and the inner hole sleeve of each rolling bearing 26 is mounted on bottom bearing axle 24, bottom axle
Hold axle 24 to be supported by three bottom supporting steel plates, bottom supporting steel plate is arranged in the inner chamber of bottom channel-section steel 23, bottom channel-section steel 23
Top be provided with square hole, be higher by the upper plane of bottom channel-section steel 23 so as to the external cylindrical surface of rolling bearing 26, the lower plane of tool track 4 with
The external cylindrical surface of rolling bearing 26 is in contact.When mobile tool track 4, lower plane and the rolling bearing 26 of tool track 4 produce rolling
The bottom of middle part channel-section steel 22 sets a rolling bearing 26, and the inner hole sleeve of rolling bearing 26 is mounted in middle part bearing axle 25
On, middle part bearing axle 25 is supported by middle part supporting steel plate, and middle part supporting steel plate is arranged on the inner chamber of middle part channel-section steel 22, middle part channel-section steel
The side of 22 bottoms is provided with square hole, and the side of middle part channel-section steel 22 is protruded so as to the external cylindrical surface of rolling bearing 26, when mobile tool track 4
When, side plane and the rolling bearing 26 of tool track 4 produce rolling friction.
The utility model is respectively provided with rolling bearing in the lower lumen of middle part channel-section steel 22 of crane 2 and bottom channel-section steel inner chamber
26, tool track 4 when mobile, the rolling bearing 26 that the lower surface of tool track 4 and the bottom channel-section steel inner chamber of crane 2 are set it is outer
The face of cylinder produces rolling friction, the rolling bearing 26 that the side surface of tool track 4 and the inner chamber of middle part channel-section steel 22 of crane 2 are set
External cylindrical surface produces rolling friction, greatly reduces mobile frictional force.
As shown in figure 4, on the basis of above-described embodiment, further, guide rail is vertically arranged with support 1；Crane 2
On be vertically arranged with guide rail coordinate projection.
In the present embodiment, coordinate raised with guide rail, so that crane 2 is moved up and down along guide rail with respect to support 1,
Prevent from crane 2 from horizontal position occurring when mobile with support 1 to offset, improve stability when crane 2 is moved.
Wherein, guide rail can be the lumen channels of the I-steel 12 of support 1 as noted earlier, and projection can be for as noted earlier
Middle part channel-section steel 22 side wall, middle part channel-section steel 22 is embedded in the lumen channels of I-steel 12, and the lumen channels of I-steel 12 are middle part
Channel-section steel 22 is oriented to and prevents middle part channel-section steel 22 from rotating, so as to guide middle part channel-section steel 22 to be moved along the inner chamber of I-steel 12.
As shown in figure 4, on the basis of above-described embodiment, further, circular guide is provided with support 1；Annular
Guide sleeve is located at outside crane 2, so that crane 2 is moved up and down in circular guide.
In the present embodiment, circular guide is set on support 1, crane 2 is arranged in circular guide, so as to can prevent
Only crane 2 departs from support 1, further improves stability.
Wherein, circular guide can be oriented to the upper end that hoop 13 is arranged on I-steel 12, middle part channel-section steel 22 to be oriented to hoop 13
It is located in guiding hoop 13, is oriented to the inner chamber that hoop 13 is oriented to crane 2 and prevents its abjection I-steel 12 that topples.This practicality is new
The support 1 of type embodiment includes I-steel 12, and the inner chamber of I-steel 12 makes the liter of loading tool rail 4 as the guide rail of crane 2
Drop frame 2 held stationary in lifting moves, will not topple, rotates and deviate from.The top of support 1 sets and is oriented to hoop 13, crane 2
Moved up and down 13 inner chambers of hoop are oriented to, prevent crane 2 from toppling over and deviating from.
On the basis of above-described embodiment, further, the utility model embodiment provides a kind of rail lifting translation and sets
Standby, rail lifting translation device includes lifting translation machine as above.
In the present embodiment, rail lifting translation device may include transporting equipment and lifting translation machine, and transporting equipment is by rail
Transport to predeterminated position, lifting translation machine unloads rail.
Finally it should be noted that：Various embodiments above is only used to illustrate the technical solution of the utility model, rather than it is limited
System；Although being described in detail to the utility model with reference to foregoing embodiments, one of ordinary skill in the art should
Understand：It can still modify to the technical scheme described in foregoing embodiments, or to which part or whole
Technical characteristic carries out equivalent；And these modifications or replacement, the essence of appropriate technical solution is departed from this practicality newly
The scope of each embodiment technical scheme of type.