本实用新型涉及一种医用病员转运车，特别是床面可升降和平移的病员转运车。 The present invention relates to a medical patient transfer vehicle, in particular a liftable bed and translatable patient transport vehicle.
已知的病员转运车多是床面不能升降和平移，病员要被抬上、抬下，医护人员作业劳动强度大，同时病员也痛苦。 Known patient transport vehicles are not lifting the bed and translation, the patient is to be carried, carried under the large labor-intensive operations staff, while also suffering patient.
本实用新型的目的是提供一种结构简单，操作方便，劳动强度低的床面平稳升降和平移的医用病员转运车。 The object of the present invention is to provide a simple, easy operation, low labor intensity and translational movements stationary bed of a medical patient transport vehicle.
本实用新型是这样实现的：见图1至图7所示，底盘8下面装有脚轮7，底盘上装有油箱10，油箱内装有升降活塞缸28、由件21和22组成的油泵、单向阀23和24、联接油管路、泄油阀25（单向阀），装在油箱侧壁上轴的箱内部分上装有臂20、箱外部分装有脚踏板9，升降活塞4与框架30联接，框架与装有移动机构和泄油手柄11的齿轮架6联接，框架上还装有支撑床面的滚动和导向机构5、扶手1，滚动导向机构上面就是床面组件2，床板14上面是软垫13，软垫两端分别与框架联接，软垫沿床的边缘长度方向上有加强垫，以延长垫的使用寿命。 The present invention is implemented as follows: Figure 1 to 7, 8 below the chassis with casters 7, the tank 10 is equipped with a chassis, with lifting piston cylinder-tank 28, a pump 21 and a member 22 consisting of a one-way 23 and valve 24, oil line coupling, the drain valve 25 (check valve) mounted on the inside portion of the tank side wall with an arm shaft 20, the outer footrest 9 partially filled tank, the piston 4 and the lift frame 30 coupled with the frame and the moving mechanism and the drain 11 of the handle 6 coupled to the carrier, the upper frame is also equipped with a rolling guide mechanism 5 and the supporting surface of the bed, 1, is rolling guide mechanism above the armrest assembly bed 2, bed plate 14 the above is a cushion 13, respectively coupled to the frame, an upper edge of the reinforcing pad along the longitudinal direction of the bed upholstered cushion both ends, to extend the life of the pad. 设有床面升降限位和反转机构。 With a bed lift limit and reverse mechanism. 转动手轮12，齿轮将带动与床板紧固的带齿条的轴承槽15，当床板移动时，将产生了软垫沿床板移动方向相同的移动，且软垫的速度大于床板的速度，因为软垫两端固定在框架上。 Turn the hand wheel 12, the driven gear with a rack fastened to the deck of the bearing groove 15, when the deck is moved to produce the same cushion along the deck movement direction, and the cushion speed faster than the deck, because cushion at both ends fixed to the frame. 床面液压升降机构主要包括：油箱10、泄油手柄11、泄油阀25（单向阀）及联接线，安装在油箱侧壁上的转轴的箱内部分装有臂20和箱外部分装有脚踏板9、油泵活塞21、油泵缸22、单向阀23和24、限位销27、升降活塞4、升降油缸28、密封件和紧固件等。 The main bed hydraulic lifting mechanism comprising: a fuel tank 10, the handle 11 inside the drain portion, the drain valve 25 (check valve) and a connection line, the fuel tank is mounted on the arm with the side wall of the outer shaft 20 and the tank portion is mounted there pedals 9, the piston pump 21, the pump cylinder 22, the check valves 23 and 24, the stopper pin 27, lifting the piston 4, the lift cylinder 28, seals and fasteners. 床面水平移动机构主要包括：轴40和42、齿轮41、43、45、手轮12、内装有轴承的轴承座44、传动轴3、固定在床板上的带齿条的轴承槽15、齿轮架6、键和紧固件等。 Bed horizontal moving mechanism includes: a shaft 40 and 42, gears 41, 43, the hand wheel 12, a bearing housing built with bearing 44, shaft 3, a rack fixed to the bedplate with a bearing groove 15, the gear frame 6, the key and fasteners. 支撑床面的滚动导向机构主要包括：滚子31、轴32、支架33、导向槽34、导向板35、轴承槽36、轴承37、支架38、紧固件等。 Rolling guide means of the support bed includes: a roller 31, shaft 32, bracket 33, the guide groove 34, the guide plate 35, the groove bearing 36, bearing 37, the bracket 38, and other fasteners. 移动机构中的轴承和带齿条的轴承槽15也有导向定位作用。 The rack moving mechanism with the bearings and the bearing 15 has a guide groove positioned effect.
本实用新型的优点在于实现了床面的快速平稳的升降和平移，结构简单，布置合理，操作容易，维修方便。 The present invention is advantageous in that to achieve a rapid and smooth lifting of the bed pan, simple structure, reasonable layout, easy to operate, easy maintenance. 如对称设计在床两端都可操作，脚踏可实现床面上升，手柄11可控制泄油阀实现床面下降，手轮12可完成床面水平移动，软垫的速度高于床板移动速度，以完成快速接上或送下病员，因而解决了不再用人把病员抬上、抬下的问题，减轻了医护人员劳动强度和病员的痛苦。 The symmetrical design can operate at both ends of the bed, the foot bed may be increased to achieve the handle 11 may control the drain valve to achieve bed down the handwheel 12 may be moved horizontally to complete the bed, cushion deck faster than moving velocity to complete a quick connect or send the next patient, thus solved the employer no longer carried to the patient, carrying the problem, and to alleviate the suffering of the patient and the medical staff labor intensity.
附图1至图7是本实用新型的实施例的示意图：图1是转运车的主视图、图2是俯视图、图3是侧示图、图4是床面组件示意图、图5是床面液压升降机构示意图、图6是支撑床面的滚动和导向机构示意图、图7是床面水平移动机构示意图。 Figures 1 through 7 is a schematic view of the present invention embodiment: FIG. 1 is a front view of a transport vehicle, FIG. 2 is a plan view, FIG. 3 is a side diagram, FIG. 4 is a bed assembly schematic, FIG. 5 is a bed hydraulic lifting mechanism schematic diagram, FIG. 6 is a bed support and guide the rolling bodies schematic, FIG. 7 is a schematic view of the bed horizontal moving mechanism. 本实施例采用一侧操纵布置结构。 The present embodiment uses one side of the actuating arrangement. 与四个脚轮7相联的底盘8上装有油箱10，26是工作液，这里用油，转轴装在油箱侧壁上，其在箱外的一端上装有脚踏板9，箱内的一端上装有臂20，由油泵活塞21和油泵缸22组成的泵装在箱内、油泵缸上开有进和出油孔，油管路上装有单向阀23和24，升降活塞缸也在油箱内，缸上开有进油孔及装有泄油阀25的泄油口，控制泄油阀的泄油柄11装在与框架30紧固的齿轮架6上，升降活塞缸上有限位销27，以限制升降活塞4的行程并防止其转动，活塞4通过联接件29与框架30联接，框架上有一个扶手1，它和泄油柄11、手轮12在同一侧。 7 fitted with four casters on the associated chassis 10, 26 is the working fluid tank 8, where oil, shaft mounted on the tank side walls provided with foot plates 9 on the end of the outer box, one end of the tank tops an arm 20, the pump piston 21 by the oil pump and an oil pump 22 consisting of a cylinder mounted on the tank, the pump intake opening and out of the cylinder hole, with the tubing path 24 and the check valve 23, the piston cylinder is also lifting the tank, intake hole is opened to the cylinder and provided with the drain port 25 of the drain valve, drain valve control lever 11 drain mounted on the frame 30 fastened to the carrier 6, the lift pin 27 of the piston cylinder finite bit, to limit the stroke of the lifting of the piston 4 and to prevent rotation of the piston 30 by coupling the coupling member 4 and the frame 29, the handrail 1 has a frame on which the handle 11 and the drain, the hand wheel 12 on the same side. 框架两端各紧固一个齿轮架6、其上有轴40和42，内装有轴承的轴承座44和罩39、齿轮41、43和45，支撑在轴承座44内轴承上的小轴的一端与传动轴3联接，另一端上装有齿轮43和手轮12（单侧有），齿轮45可带动固定在床板14上的带齿条的轴承槽15移动，支架38与框架联接，其上装有多个轴承37，这样槽15带着床板可实现轻快平稳的移动。 Securing both ends of each of a carrier frame 6, on which the shaft 40 and 42, that has the bearing housing 44 and bearing housing 39, the gears 41, 43 and 45, the small end of the support shaft 44 in the bearing seat bearing 15 moves, the holder 38 is coupled with the frame 3 and is coupled with the other end of the transmission shaft gears 43 and handwheel 12 (one side with a), can be driven gear 45 fixed to the deck of the rack 14 with a bearing groove, which is equipped with a plurality of bearings 37, so that the groove 15 may be implemented with a light smooth deck movement. 床板与框架间有一支撑床面的滚动和导向机构，其主要包括滚子31、轴32、固定在框架上的支架33、导向板35，固定在床板上的轴承槽36与导向槽34联接，装在与框架紧固的支架38上的多个轴承37、定位销和紧固件等。 Between the deck and the frame having a support roll and guide mechanism bed, which mainly includes a roller 31, a shaft 32 fixed to the frame bracket 33, the guide plate 35 is fixed to 36 the coupling bearing groove headboard of the guide groove 34, a plurality of fastening the frame is mounted on a bearing 37 of the bracket 38, positioning pins and fasteners. 支撑滚动导向机构上面就是可移动的床面组件，它主要包括两端固定在框架上的软垫13、床板14、滚筒16、轴承17、轴18、固定架19、联接和紧固件等。 Rolling guide means is supported above a movable bed assembly, which includes two ends fixed to the cushion frame 13, deck 14, rollers 16, bearings 17, shaft 18, holder 19, and the coupling fasteners. 本实施例还设有输液瓶架等附件，但力求简单降低成本。 This embodiment also has attachment infusion bottle rack, etc., but be simple and cost. 脚踏板9被脚踏时，油泵将工作，油被注入升降活塞4下面使床面上升，控制泄油柄11实现泄油阀25泄油使床面下降，转动手轮12，通过传动机构实现了床面有导向的快速稳定平移，以完成把病员接上或送下而不再用人来搬运，减轻了医护人员劳动强度和病员的痛苦。 Foot pedals is 9:00, the pumps work, the lift oil is injected below the bed surface of the piston 4 rises, the control lever 11 to achieve drainage spill valve 25 drain the bed surface down to turn the hand wheel 12, via a transmission mechanism a guide bed achieved a stable fast translation, to complete the sending or the patient no longer connected to carry the human, to alleviate the suffering of the patient and medical staff labor intensity.