CN206152503U - Light dust dust collector based on whirl flow field - Google Patents

Light dust dust collector based on whirl flow field Download PDF

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Publication number
CN206152503U
CN206152503U CN201621044205.0U CN201621044205U CN206152503U CN 206152503 U CN206152503 U CN 206152503U CN 201621044205 U CN201621044205 U CN 201621044205U CN 206152503 U CN206152503 U CN 206152503U
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China
Prior art keywords
dust
storage chamber
lightweight
dust collecting
swirling flow
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CN201621044205.0U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
赵欣洋
邹洪森
刘志远
黎炜
潘亮亮
刘婷
陈海军
胡淼龙
闫河霖
计时鸣
苏林杰
曾晰
夏绪卫
王宏丽
徐辉
张斌
秦有苏
尹磊
吴昊
杨稼祥
王思
黄欣
李磊
李敏
靳武
陈昊阳
安燕杰
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
ZHEJIANG WINS WIRELESS NETWORK TECHNOLOGY Co Ltd
State Grid Corp of China SGCC
State Grid Ningxia Electric Power Co Ltd
Original Assignee
ZHEJIANG WINS WIRELESS NETWORK TECHNOLOGY Co Ltd
State Grid Corp of China SGCC
State Grid Ningxia Electric Power Co Ltd
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Application filed by ZHEJIANG WINS WIRELESS NETWORK TECHNOLOGY Co Ltd, State Grid Corp of China SGCC, State Grid Ningxia Electric Power Co Ltd filed Critical ZHEJIANG WINS WIRELESS NETWORK TECHNOLOGY Co Ltd
Priority to CN201621044205.0U priority Critical patent/CN206152503U/en
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Publication of CN206152503U publication Critical patent/CN206152503U/en
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Abstract

The utility model relates to a light dust dust collector based on whirl flow field. Its characteristics are: including dust collecting chamber (4), through dust collecting pipeline (3) and collection dirt bucket (1) intercommunication, wherein dust collecting chamber (4) are hollow cylindrical housing in the middle of this dust collecting chamber (4) bottom, are equipped with intake pipe three at least and dust collecting chamber (4) inside intercommunication along the circumferencial direction on the lateral wall of this dust collecting chamber (4) to every intake pipe is the acute angle with the lateral wall contained angle of dust collecting chamber (4). The beneficial effect of the utility model as follows: 1 ) the utility model discloses the device forms high -speed whirl flow field in carrying out circular dust collecting chamber with dusty airflow with certain velocity of flow and dynamic pressure under the effect of air inlet air current, zero district of central speed that utilizes the whirl flow field to form realizes the dust removal of antipodal light and minimum particle diameter dust. 2 ) the utility model discloses the device adopts second grade dust removal structure, and the dust collecting chamber removes dust for the one -level, and funnel mechanism removes dust for the second grade, improves dust removal effect.

Description

Lightweight dust dust arrester based on Swirling Flow
Technical field
The utility model is related to a kind of lightweight dust dust arrester based on Swirling Flow.
Background technology
Existing dust collection method and deduster species are a lot, have gravitational settling dedusting, inertial dust collection, special dedusting structure, Spread water dedusting, the dedusting of S types and cyclone dust removal etc..Existing dust arrester mainly for bulky grain and relative air density it is larger The collection of grain rubbish is processed, for bulky grain rubbish, based on from resedimentation dedusting, but relative atmospheric matter relatively small for particle diameter The larger particle of metric density, based on principle of inertia, using the difference of inertia, realizes that particle is separated with air.
The micron order dust especially little for pole lightweight dust and particle diameter, its inertia is not enough to depart from air-flow then with air-flow Deduster is discharged in flowing.Existing dust arrester cannot realize the process to this kind of dust substantially.Existing dust arrester is basic Relatively simple space environment is both for, needs multistage to distinguish the complex space of dedusting for space environment is more complicated Environment, existing dust collection method and device are mostly faced with the low deficiency of efficiency of dust collection, and have no at present for such dust Method and dust arrester.
Utility model content
The purpose of this utility model is to provide a kind of lightweight dust dust arrester based on Swirling Flow, can realize to pole The dedusting of lightweight and minimum particle diameter dust.
A kind of lightweight dust dust arrester based on Swirling Flow, it is particular in that:Including dust storage chamber, the dust storage chamber Connected with dust bucket by dust collecting duct in the middle of bottom, wherein dust storage chamber is hollow cylindrical shell, in the outer of the dust storage chamber At least three air inlet pipe connected with dust storage chamber inside, and each air inlet pipe and dust storage chamber are along the circumferential direction provided with the wall of side Lateral wall angle is acute angle.
Wherein dust storage chamber top is provided with cover plate, on the cover plate gas outlet is provided with.
Three air inlet pipe, and the lateral wall of each air inlet pipe and dust storage chamber are wherein evenly equipped with the lateral wall of dust storage chamber Angle all same.
Wherein angle is 15 °.
Wherein funnel mechanism is installed between dust storage chamber bottom and dust collecting duct, the big opening end and dust storage chamber of the funnel mechanism Bottom connects and its osculum end connects with dust collecting duct.
Dust discharge valve is wherein installed on dust collecting duct.
Wherein dust discharge valve is connected with motor.
Caulking gum is provided with wherein between cover plate and dust storage chamber.
Filter screen is wherein provided with gas outlet.
Outlet flange is wherein provided with gas outlet.
The beneficial effects of the utility model are as follows:1), the utility model device by dust-contained airflow with certain flow rate and dynamic pressure Power is carried out in circular dust room, and high velocity whirling flow field is formed in the presence of air inlet stream, is formed using Swirling Flow The area of central speed zero, realizes the dedusting to pole lightweight and minimum particle diameter dust.2), the utility model device is tied using two-stage dust removal Structure, dust storage chamber is primary dust removing, and funnel mechanism is two-stage dust removal, improves dust removing effects.3), dust arrester collection of the present utility model Dirt room is three entry forms, can respectively connect three cleaning shafts, while realizing the dedusting to different parts, adapts to complicated removing Dirt space environment, improves efficiency of dust collection, environmental protection.
Description of the drawings
Accompanying drawing 1 is structural representation of the present utility model;
Accompanying drawing 2 is sectional view of the present utility model;
Accompanying drawing 3 is the structural representation of dust storage chamber 4 in the utility model.
Specific embodiment
As shown in Figure 1, 2, 3, the utility model provides a kind of lightweight dust dust arrester based on Swirling Flow, including Connect with dust bucket 1 by dust collecting duct 3 in the middle of dust storage chamber 4, the bottom of dust storage chamber 4, wherein dust storage chamber 4 is hollow cylindric Housing, be along the circumferential direction provided with the lateral wall of the dust storage chamber 4 at least three with the air inlet pipe connected inside dust storage chamber 4, and And each air inlet pipe is acute angle with the lateral wall angle of dust storage chamber 4.
Further, wherein being provided with cover plate 6 on the top of dust storage chamber 4, gas outlet 9 is provided with the cover plate 6, in dust storage chamber Three air inlet pipe, and the lateral wall angle all same of each air inlet pipe and dust storage chamber 4, the angle are evenly equipped with 4 lateral wall Specially 15 °.
Wherein funnel mechanism 14 is installed between the bottom of dust storage chamber 4 and dust collecting duct 3, the big opening end of the funnel mechanism 14 with The bottom of dust storage chamber 4 connects and its osculum end connects with dust collecting duct 3.In addition dust discharge valve 13 is installed on dust collecting duct 3.
Wherein dust discharge valve 13 is connected with motor 2, so as to pass through the control dust discharge of motor 2 valve 13.In cover plate 6 and dust Caulking gum (pad) 16 is provided between room 4.Filter screen 15 and outlet flange 8 are provided with gas outlet 9.
The specific principle of the utility model device and using method are as follows:
Dust-contained airflow is entered in dust storage chamber 4 by the air inlet on dust storage chamber 4 with certain speed, and air inlet is equal at a certain angle It is distributed on dust storage chamber 4, in the cavity of dust storage chamber 4 high velocity whirling flow field is formed.High velocity whirling flow field is reached after stable state, at it Central area can form vortex coagulation i.e. laying dust area 10, and the dust in dust-contained airflow is come together in laying dust area 10.Air-flow is by collection Dust storage chamber 4 is flowed out in gas outlet 9 on the cover plate 6 at the top of dirt room 4, and screen pack 15 is housed in gas outlet 9.The bottom of laying dust area 10 correspondence Connection funnel of dust storage chamber 4 (mechanism), upward, little mouth down, dust is passed through in the funnel mechanism 14 the big mouth of funnel mechanism 14 It is secondary to gather, dust discharge valve 13 is entered through dust collecting duct 3, the one end of dust discharge valve 13 is connected with motor 2, one end and following dust bucket 1 connection, realizes that the collection to dust is processed.
The utility model device can pass through the flow velocity and dynamic pressure of air-blower control dust-contained airflow, by Fluent software emulations Analysis and experiment, constantly adjustment air inlet incident angle and dust-contained airflow flow velocity, draw dust-contained airflow optimal incident angle in fact and stream Speed, forms high velocity whirling flow field in dust storage chamber 4, makes dust accumulate in laying dust area 10.
Embodiment 1:
Wherein dust storage chamber 4 is circular cavity with cross section, and the top of dust storage chamber 4 is openend, and openend sealing sets Cover plate 6 is equipped with, the gas outlet 9 for flowing out for air-flow is offered on cover plate 6.The sidepiece of dust storage chamber 4 offers three air inlets, It is respectively the first air inlet 5, the second air inlet 7 and the 3rd air inlet 12, three air inlets connect sweep-up pipe by flange respectively Road, dust-contained airflow enters described dust storage chamber 4 and forms high velocity whirling flow field in inside cavity by three air inlets respectively;Institute The central area of the high velocity whirling flow field stated forms vortex coagulation i.e. laying dust area 10, and the dust 11 in dust-contained airflow comes together in described Laying dust area 10;
The region in the bottom correspondence laying dust area 10 of dust storage chamber 4 offers dust outlet, and the lower section connection one of dust outlet is leaked Bucket mechanism 14, upward, osculum end is down for the big opening end of funnel mechanism 14.The lower section at the osculum end of funnel mechanism 14 connects a dust Pipeline 3, one end connection funnel mechanism 14 of dust collecting duct 3, the dust discharge valve 13 that other end connection one is connected with motor 2 is described The lower end connection dust bucket 1 of dust discharge valve 13.Air inlet described in three is angularly distributed on the cavity of dust storage chamber 4.Cover plate 6 Caulking gum 16 is provided between dust storage chamber 4.Filter screen 15 is provided with gas outlet 9.The top of gas outlet 9 be provided be easy to The outlet flange 8 of other device connections.Dust-contained airflow is gas-particle two-phase fluid, and solid particle is the dirt of pole lightweight and minimum particle diameter Angstroms 11, the inertia of the dust 11 in swirling eddy is not enough to depart from air-flow, and as air-flow flows together.
In the present embodiment, the air inlet of three dust-contained airflows is provided with, three dust sucting pipelines, three suctions are connected by flange Dirt pipeline can as needed place different dedusting positions, adapt to the needs of different operating environments, improve efficiency of dust collection.
Described dust-contained airflow enters dust storage chamber 4 by three air inlets, and in the inside cavity of dust storage chamber 4 high-speed rotational is formed Flow field, by theory analysis, the high velocity whirling flow field can form vortex coagulation when speed reaches certain value, the speed zero Area is located at the central area of the Swirling Flow.By Fluent software analysis, the optimal incident angle in fact and dust-laden of air inlet are drawn The entrance velocity and dynamic pressure of air-flow, existing Optimal Parameters incident angle is 15 degree, dust-contained airflow is formed in dust arrester cavity High velocity whirling flow field and vortex coagulation, described pole lightweight dust will come together in the vortex coagulation domain with swirling eddy.Converge The dust for getting up is further rotated in described funnel mechanism 14 and gathered, into following dust collecting duct 3, by dust discharge valve 13 Into dust bucket 1, realize to pole lightweight and the dust removal problem of minimum particle diameter dust, be greatly improved described based on Swirling Flow The operating efficiency of dust arrester.
The flow velocity of the dust-contained airflow can be adjusted by blower fan, by the flow velocity of air-blower control dust-contained airflow and dynamic Pressure, described dust-contained airflow forms high velocity whirling flow field by the special structure of dust storage chamber 4 in dust storage chamber 4.
Content described in this specification embodiment is only enumerating for the way of realization to utility model design, and this practicality is new The protection domain of type is not construed as being only limitted to the concrete form that embodiment is stated, protection domain of the present utility model also and In those skilled in the art according to the utility model design it is conceivable that equivalent technologies mean.

Claims (10)

1. a kind of lightweight dust dust arrester based on Swirling Flow, it is characterised in that:Including dust storage chamber (4), the dust storage chamber (4) Connected with dust bucket (1) by dust collecting duct (3) in the middle of bottom, wherein dust storage chamber (4) is hollow cylindrical shell, in the collection At least three air inlet pipe connected with dust storage chamber (4) inside are along the circumferential direction provided with the lateral wall of dirt room (4), and each enters Tracheae is acute angle with the lateral wall angle of dust storage chamber (4).
2. the lightweight dust dust arrester of Swirling Flow is based on as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that:Wherein in dust storage chamber (4) top is provided with cover plate (6), and on the cover plate (6) gas outlet (9) is provided with.
3. the lightweight dust dust arrester of Swirling Flow is based on as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that:Wherein in dust storage chamber (4) three air inlet pipe, and the lateral wall angle all same of each air inlet pipe and dust storage chamber (4) are evenly equipped with lateral wall.
4. the lightweight dust dust arrester of Swirling Flow is based on as claimed in claim 3, it is characterised in that:Wherein angle is 15°。
5. the lightweight dust dust arrester of Swirling Flow is based on as claimed in claim 3, it is characterised in that:Wherein dust storage chamber (4) funnel mechanism (14), big opening end and the dust storage chamber (4) of the funnel mechanism (14) are installed between bottom and dust collecting duct (3) Bottom connects and its osculum end connects with dust collecting duct (3).
6. the lightweight dust dust arrester of Swirling Flow is based on as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that:Wherein in dust leg Dust discharge valve (13) is installed on road (3).
7. the lightweight dust dust arrester of Swirling Flow is based on as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that:Wherein dust discharge valve (13) it is connected with motor (2).
8. the lightweight dust dust arrester of Swirling Flow is based on as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that:Wherein in cover plate (6) caulking gum (16) is provided with and dust storage chamber (4) between.
9. the lightweight dust dust arrester of Swirling Flow is based on as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that:Wherein in gas outlet (9) place is provided with filter screen (15).
10. the lightweight dust dust arrester of Swirling Flow is based on as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that:Wherein in outlet Mouth (9) place is provided with outlet flange (8).
CN201621044205.0U 2016-09-08 2016-09-08 Light dust dust collector based on whirl flow field Active CN206152503U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201621044205.0U CN206152503U (en) 2016-09-08 2016-09-08 Light dust dust collector based on whirl flow field

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201621044205.0U CN206152503U (en) 2016-09-08 2016-09-08 Light dust dust collector based on whirl flow field

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN206152503U true CN206152503U (en) 2017-05-10

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Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201621044205.0U Active CN206152503U (en) 2016-09-08 2016-09-08 Light dust dust collector based on whirl flow field

Country Status (1)

Country Link
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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106390609A (en) * 2016-09-08 2017-02-15 国家电网公司 Lightweight dust removal device based on rotational flow field

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106390609A (en) * 2016-09-08 2017-02-15 国家电网公司 Lightweight dust removal device based on rotational flow field
CN106390609B (en) * 2016-09-08 2018-11-30 国家电网公司 Lightweight dust dust-extraction unit based on Swirling Flow

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