CN206071091U - A kind of storage Reformation for Explosion Proof structural system - Google Patents

A kind of storage Reformation for Explosion Proof structural system Download PDF

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Publication number
CN206071091U
CN206071091U CN201620946997.4U CN201620946997U CN206071091U CN 206071091 U CN206071091 U CN 206071091U CN 201620946997 U CN201620946997 U CN 201620946997U CN 206071091 U CN206071091 U CN 206071091U
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column
storage
extra
steel
reformation
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姚攀峰
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Abstract

A kind of storage Reformation for Explosion Proof structural system, the system includes former storage structures, additional blast resistance construction and fence structure, the additional blast resistance construction includes additional basis, extra-column, second wall and explosion-proof ceiling, space structure system is connected into by linking back timber between the fence structure and additional blast resistance construction, the one end for linking back timber is connected with housing trestle, is linked the other end of back timber and is connected with the top surface of fence structure.The construction method includes that construction basis, construction extra-column, construction second wall, construction fence structure, construction link component and construction roof boarding successively.This utility model with Adjacent Buildings are protected layer by layer and stress clearly, house collapse resistant capacity increases substantially and the characteristics of fire protecting performance is good.

Description

A kind of storage Reformation for Explosion Proof structural system
Technical field
This utility model is related to a kind of explosion-proof storage reconstruction structure system in space.
Background technology
Existing dangerous goods storehouse structural system is usually the reinforced concrete bent structure middle or masonry structure of large span, should Structure has quick construction, cheap shortcoming, but also has fire-resistance calamity explosion property poor, preferably destroys the shortcoming collapsed. There is special fire disaster explosion accident on August 12nd, 2015, PORT OF TIANJIN dangerous goods store storehouse, cause 165 people it is wrecked, 8 People is missing, and 798 people are injured, and 304 building buildings, 12428 commercial automobiles, 7533 containers are damaged.By in December, 2015 10 days, foundation《Enterprise Staff casualty accident economic loss statistical standard》Etc. standard and designated statistics, the direct economy appraised and decided Lose 68.66 hundred million yuan.Fire prevention, the dangerous materials storage structures of uprising poor performance have serious potential safety hazard, may bring serious Consequence.
At present, how effectively to transform old dangerous goods storehouse so that new structural systen fire protecting performance is good, good after transformation Uprising performance, this is that dangerous materials storage faces an important difficult problem.
Utility model content
The purpose of this utility model is to provide a kind of storage Reformation for Explosion Proof structural system, will solve old dangerous goods storehouse knot Structure system fire-resistance calamity explosion property is poor, preferably destroy collapse, the great technical problem of potential safety hazard.
For achieving the above object, this utility model is adopted the following technical scheme that:
A kind of storage Reformation for Explosion Proof structural system, including the former storage structures that form is bent structure, the former storage structures Including former storage basis, the vertical supporting member of former storage and former storage roofing, the former storage roofing is by former roof girder and former room Panel is constituted, and the storage Reformation for Explosion Proof structural system also includes being socketed in the outside of former storage structures, collectively constitutes space knot The additional blast resistance construction of structure system, the additional blast resistance construction include by additional basis, extra-column, second wall and add explosion-proof top The frame structure of canopy composition, also including the peripheral and connected fence structure for being arranged at the frame structure;
The additional basis are arranged around the one-week interval of the vertical supporting member of former storage, are connected with the additional basis Extra-column, the extra-column are close to the outer surface interval setting of the vertical supporting member of former storage and the vertical load-bearing structure of former storage Part is connected as one;Connect second wall between adjacent extra-column, the top of the extra-column is higher than the vertical load-bearing structure of former storage The top of part, the top connection of extra-column add explosion-proof ceiling,
It is fixedly connected by linking component between the fence structure and extra-column.
The extra-column passes through grout layer, cement sand bed, concrete layer, bonding with the vertical supporting member of former storage Agent, peg, bar planting or expansion bolt are connected as one.
The component that links is linking beam, and the two ends of the linking beam are fixedly connected with extra-column and fence structure respectively.
The fence structure include enclosure wall, enclosing wall column and enclosure wall basis, the enclosure wall be reinforced concrete wall, steel plate wall or Person's steel plate reinforced concrete combination wall, the enclosing wall column are reinforced column, steel framed reinforced concrete column, steel core concrete column Or steel column, basic straining beam is provided between additional basis and enclosure wall basis.
Outside of the set location of the enclosing wall column just to extra-column, one end extra-column connection of the linking beam, links The other end of beam is connected with enclosure wall or enclosing wall column.
Support is provided between the extra-column and/or enclosing wall column and linking beam.
It is described to support as knighthead, buttress or counterfort wall.
The additional basis be reinforced concrete foundation, basis form be isolated footing, raft foundation, beam foundation, The combination of pile foundation or above base form.
The extra-column is reinforced column, steel framed reinforced concrete column, steel pipe reinforced column, concrete filled steel tube One or more in post or steel column.
The enclosing wall column is reinforced column, steel framed reinforced concrete column, steel pipe reinforced column, concrete filled steel tube One or more in post or steel column.
It is described to add the ceiling beam and cover and be connected on ceiling beam that explosion-proof ceiling includes that two ends are fixed on extra-column The ceiling materials of side.
The ceiling beam is the grid combination beam that one group of crossbeam or crossbeam are connected with longeron, the crossbeam and former roofing Liangping OK.
The form of the ceiling beam is or truss that the beam is reinforced beam, girder steel, steel-concrete group for beam Beam or steel-reinforced concrete beam are closed, the rod member of the truss can be steel reinforced concrete pole part, steel rod elements, steel-concrete Combined member bar or steel-concrete combined member bar.
The ceiling materials are that explosive intercepts net or ceiling floor.
This utility model has the characteristics that and beneficial effect compared with prior art:
First, Adjacent Buildings are protected layer by layer and stress is clear and definite.
Storage Reformation for Explosion Proof structural system of the present utility model is additionally arranged extra-column, second wall on the outside of former storage structures With additional explosion-proof ceiling, and extra-column by link component connect fence structure collectively form a space structure, make former storehouse Storage structure and additional blast resistance construction are connected.The outside of extra-column, second wall and former storage structures closely connects, and improves original The element bearing capacity of storage structures, explosion-proof ceiling can then be prevented effectively from the former storage roofing of former storage structures in explosion to week The injury of side resident.
In fire and blast, former storage roofing constitutes the first line of defence to this space structure, destroys first so that blast Load effectively reduces the percussive pressure of blast to flying in the air;The faced wall of former exterior wall and second wall in former storage structures is formed Second defence line, enclosure wall constitute three lines of defence.And second defence line and three lines of defence are by connecting elements and support structure Into stress entirety, the collapse resistant capacity in defence line is greatly improved, so that fire and blast are reduced jointly to periphery personnel and property Impact.Explosion-proof ceiling avoid or reduces injury of the former roofing to nearby residents.
Multiple defence line is protected layer by layer to Adjacent Buildings and workman, so as to reduce jointly fire and blast to periphery people Member and the impact of property.
2nd, house collapse resistant capacity is increased substantially.
The second defence line and three lines of defence of the explosion-proof storage structures system in space of the present utility model is also by linking structure Former storage structures, additional blast resistance construction and fence structure are constituted a space-load entirety, so as to reduce jointly by part and support The impact of fire and blast to periphery personnel and property, the more common framed bent formula storage fire-resistance capability of antidetonance are increased substantially, and are made Obtain house to be difficult to collapse in fire and blast.
3rd, fire protecting performance is good.
The explosion-proof storage structures system in space of the present utility model adopts the preferable reinforced concrete wall of fire resistance and reinforcing bar When concrete column, steel framed reinforced concrete column or steel core concrete column, fire protecting performance is greatly improved, significantly lifted former The shock resistance of storehouse, in preventing earthquake, the secondary harm that harmful influence blast or leakage are caused.
Description of the drawings
The utility model is described in more detail below in conjunction with the accompanying drawings.
Fig. 1 is the facade structures schematic diagram of this utility model structural system embodiment one.
Fig. 2 is A-A cross-sectional views in Fig. 1.
Fig. 3 is the overlooking the structure diagram of Fig. 1.
Fig. 4 is the structural representation that additional basis are connected with former storage basis.
Fig. 5 is the structural representation that another kind of additional basis are connected with former storage basis.
Fig. 6 is the structural representation connected by colloid between former storage structures exterior wall and extra-column.
Fig. 7 is the structural representation connected by peg between former storage structures exterior wall and extra-column.
Fig. 8 is while the structural representation of connection between former storage structures exterior wall and extra-column by colloid and peg.
Fig. 9 is the facade structures schematic diagram of this utility model structural system embodiment two.
Figure 10 is the facade structures schematic diagram of this utility model structural system embodiment three.
Reference:The former storage bases of 1-, the vertical supporting member of the former storages of 2-, 3- original roof girders, 4- original roof boardings, 5- additional basis, 6- extra-columns, 7- second walls, 8- link component, 9- enclosure walls, 10- enclosing wall columns, 11- support, 11.1- braces, 11.2- counterfort walls, 12- bases straining beam, 13- ceiling beams, 13.1- crossbeams, 13.2- longerons, 14- tops Canopy material, 15- colloids, 16- pegs, 17- mortars, 18- enclosure walls basis.
Specific embodiment
Embodiment referring to shown in Fig. 1-3, a kind of storage Reformation for Explosion Proof structural system, including form is the former storehouse of bent structure Storage structure, the former storage structures include former storage basis 1, the vertical supporting member 2 of former storage and former storage roofing, the former storage Roofing is made up of former roof girder 3 and former roof boarding 4, and the storage Reformation for Explosion Proof structural system also includes being socketed in former storage structures Outside, collectively constitute the additional blast resistance construction of space structure system, the additional blast resistance construction is included by additional basis 5, attached The frame structure of strutting 6, second wall 7 and additional explosion-proof ceiling composition, also including the periphery for being arranged at the frame structure and and its The fence structure of connection;
The additional basis 5 are arranged around the one-week interval of former vertical supporting member 2 of storing in a warehouse, and are connected in the additional basis 5 Extra-column 6 is connected to, the extra-column 6 is close to the outer surface interval setting of former vertical supporting member 2 of storing in a warehouse and former storage is vertical Supporting member 2 is connected as one;Connect second wall 7 between adjacent extra-column 6, the top of the extra-column 6 is higher than former storage The top of vertical supporting member 2, the top connection of extra-column 6 add explosion-proof ceiling, lead between the fence structure and extra-column 6 Cross and link component 8 and be fixedly connected.Basic straining beam 12 is provided between additional basis 5 and enclosure wall basis 18.
Additional basis described in the present embodiment and enclosure wall basis are reinforced concrete foundation, and the form on basis is independent base The combination of plinth, raft foundation, beam foundation, pile foundation or above base form.It is the most frequently used for pile foundation, pile foundation has very big Vertical single pile stiffness or group's rigidity, under deadweight or interaction of neighboring loads, do not produce excessive differential settlement, and guarantee building The inclination of thing is less than allowed band.Ensure the stability of adnexa blast resistance construction.Can also be provided between adjacent additional basis 1 Basic straining beam 12.Referring to shown in Fig. 4-5, extra-column can be steel column, and its bottom passes through base plate and crab-bolt is connected with additional basis, Tamped by sand, mortar or concrete between additional basis 5 and former storage basis 1.In wherein Fig. 4, additional basis 5 are mixed for reinforcing bar Solidifying soil isolated footing, Fig. 5 additional basis 5 are pile foundation, tamp.
The extra-column steel column, enclosing wall column is reinforced column, and both can also use reinforcing bar in other embodiments Reinforced column or steel core concrete column.
The extra-column 6 passes through grout layer, cement sand bed, concrete layer, bonding with the vertical supporting member 2 of former storage Agent, peg, bar planting or expansion bolt are connected as one.It is to be connected with former storage structures exterior wall in this example.
Referring to shown in Fig. 6-8, Fig. 4 is to be connected by colloid 15, and Fig. 5 is to be connected by peg 16, and Fig. 6 is for simultaneously by glue Agent 15 and peg 16 connect.
It is described to add the ceiling beam 13 and cover and be connected to ceiling beam that explosion-proof ceiling includes that two ends are fixed on extra-column 6 Ceiling materials 14 on the upside of in the of 13.The grid combination beam that 13 crossbeam 13.1 of the ceiling beam is connected with longeron 13.2, the crossbeam 13.1 is parallel with former roof girder 3, can only arrange one group of crossbeam 13.1 in other embodiments.The ceiling materials 14 are blast Thing intercepts net, can also be ceiling floor in other embodiments.
The form of ceiling beam described in the present embodiment is beam, and material is reinforced beam, in other embodiments material Can also be girder steel, steel-concrete composite beam, steel-reinforced concrete beam or girder truss.
It is linking beam that component 8 is linked in the present embodiment, and the two ends of the linking beam are fixed with extra-column 6 and fence structure respectively Connection.The fence structure includes enclosure wall 9, enclosing wall column 10 and enclosure wall basis 18, also connecting between enclosure wall basis 18 and additional basis 5 It is connected to basic straining beam.The enclosure wall 9 is reinforced concrete wall, can also be that steel plate wall or steel plate reinforcing bar are mixed in other embodiments Solidifying soil faced wall.The enclosing wall column 10 is reinforced column, can also be steel framed reinforced concrete column, steel in other embodiments Pipe concrete column or steel column, the outside of the set location of the enclosing wall column 10 just to extra-column 6, with extra-column 6 in this example Position correspond, for linking beam, one end of the linking beam is connected the component 8 that links with extra-column 6, linking beam it is another End is connected with the top surface of enclosing wall column 10.
Embodiment two is shown in Figure 9, and unlike embodiment one, the extra-column 6 and enclosing wall column 10 and linking beam Between be equipped with support, support as brace 11.1.
Embodiment three is shown in Figure 10, and from unlike embodiment two, the support of body of wall side is additional counterfort wall 11.2, opposite side is brace 11.1, and counterfort wall is used in mixed way with brace, can also be buttress in other embodiments.
The construction method of this storage Reformation for Explosion Proof structural system, each component, can be according to existing for cast-in-place or prefabricated Field situation carries out the adjustment of construction procedure.Specific construction step is as follows:
Step one, by the dangerous goods quality stored in storage structures, includes additional basis to additional blast resistance construction structure 5th, extra-column 6, second wall 7 and additional explosion-proof ceiling carry out the design in form, material, size and section;
Step 2, at the periphery construction additional basis 4 of former storage structures, base of can constructing between additional basis 4 herein Plinth straining beam 12;
Step 3, processes the outer surface of the vertical supporting member of former storage, carries out the construction of plucking or bar planting, with after an action of the bowels Continuous connection extra-column 6;
Step 4, construct in additional basis 4 extra-column 6, second wall 7 and fence structure, including construction enclosure wall 9 and construction Enclosing wall column 10;
Step 4 simultaneously or after, Construction Support 11 between extra-column and/or fence structure.
Step 5, ceiling beam 13 of constructing on extra-column 6 and second wall 7;
Step 6, the construction between extra-column 6 and fence structure link component 8, will link component 8 in the step 6 One end is connected with extra-column 6, and the other end for linking component 8 is connected with enclosure wall 9 or enclosing wall column 10, and in extra-column 6 and/or is enclosed Construction Support 11 between wall column 10.;
Step 7, ceiling materials 14 of constructing on ceiling beam 13.

Claims (15)

1. a kind of storage Reformation for Explosion Proof structural system, including form is the former storage structures of bent structure, the former storage structures bag Include former storage basis(1), the vertical supporting member of former storage(2)With former storage roofing, the former storage roofing is by former roof girder(3) With former roof boarding(4)Composition, it is characterised in that:The storage Reformation for Explosion Proof structural system also includes being socketed in former storage structures Outside, the additional blast resistance construction for collectively constituting space structure system, the additional blast resistance construction are included by additional basis(5), it is attached Strutting(6), second wall(7)The frame structure constituted with additional explosion-proof ceiling, also including the periphery for being arranged at the frame structure simultaneously Connected fence structure;
The additional basis(5)Around the vertical supporting member of former storage(2)One-week interval arrange, the additional basis(5)On It is connected with extra-column(6), the extra-column(6)It is close to the vertical supporting member of former storage(2)Outer surface interval setting and original Store in a warehouse vertical supporting member(2)Connect as one;Adjacent extra-column(6)Between connect second wall(7), the extra-column(6) Top higher than the vertical supporting member of former storage(2)Top, extra-column(6)Top connection add explosion-proof ceiling,
The fence structure and extra-column(6)Between by linking component(8)It is fixedly connected.
2. it is according to claim 1 storage Reformation for Explosion Proof structural system, it is characterised in that:The extra-column(6)With former storehouse Store up vertical supporting member(2)By grout layer, cement sand bed, concrete layer, binding agent, peg, bar planting or expansion bolt Connect as one.
3. it is according to claim 1 storage Reformation for Explosion Proof structural system, it is characterised in that:It is described to link component(8)For even Binder, the two ends of the linking beam respectively with extra-column(6)It is fixedly connected with fence structure.
4. the storage Reformation for Explosion Proof structural system according to claim 1 or 3, it is characterised in that:The fence structure includes Enclosure wall(9), enclosing wall column(10)With enclosure wall basis(18), the enclosure wall(9)For reinforced concrete wall, steel plate wall or steel plate reinforcing bar Combined concrete wall, the enclosing wall column(10)For reinforced column, steel framed reinforced concrete column, steel core concrete column or steel Post, the additional basis(5)With enclosure wall basis(18)Between be provided with basic straining beam(12).
5. it is according to claim 4 storage Reformation for Explosion Proof structural system, it is characterised in that:The enclosing wall column(10)Setting Position is just to extra-column(6)Outside, one end extra-column connection of the linking beam, the other end and enclosure wall of linking beam(9)Or Enclosing wall column(10)Connection.
6. it is according to claim 5 storage Reformation for Explosion Proof structural system, it is characterised in that:The extra-column(6)And/or enclose Wall column(10)Support is provided between linking beam(11).
7. it is according to claim 6 storage Reformation for Explosion Proof structural system, it is characterised in that:The support(11)It is oblique to support Bar, buttress or counterfort wall.
8. it is according to claim 4 storage Reformation for Explosion Proof structural system, it is characterised in that:The additional basis are mixed for reinforcing bar Solidifying earth foundation, the form on basis are the combination of isolated footing, raft foundation, beam foundation, pile foundation or above base form.
9. it is according to claim 1 storage Reformation for Explosion Proof structural system, it is characterised in that:The extra-column is reinforced concrete One or more in earth pillar, steel framed reinforced concrete column, steel pipe reinforced column, steel core concrete column or steel column.
10. it is according to claim 4 storage Reformation for Explosion Proof structural system, it is characterised in that:The enclosing wall column is mixed for reinforcing bar One or more in solidifying earth pillar, steel framed reinforced concrete column, steel pipe reinforced column, steel core concrete column or steel column.
11. storage Reformation for Explosion Proof structural systems according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:It is described to add explosion-proof ceiling bag Include two ends and be fixed on extra-column(6)On ceiling beam(13).
12. storage Reformation for Explosion Proof structural systems according to claim 11, it is characterised in that:It is described to add explosion-proof ceiling also Including covering and be connected to ceiling beam(13)The ceiling materials of upside(14).
The 13. storage Reformation for Explosion Proof structural systems according to claim 11 or 12, it is characterised in that:The ceiling beam(13) It is one group of crossbeam(13.1)Or crossbeam(13.1)With longeron(13.2)The grid combination beam of connection.
The 14. storage Reformation for Explosion Proof structural systems according to claim 11 or 12, it is characterised in that:The shape of the ceiling beam Formula is or truss that the beam is reinforced beam, girder steel, steel-concrete composite beam or steel-reinforced concrete for beam Beam, the rod member of the truss can be steel reinforced concrete pole part, steel rod elements, steel-concrete combined member bar or steel-reinforced concrete Native combined member bar.
15. storage Reformation for Explosion Proof structural systems according to claim 12, it is characterised in that:The ceiling materials(14)For Explosive intercepts net or ceiling floor.
CN201620946997.4U 2016-08-26 2016-08-26 A kind of storage Reformation for Explosion Proof structural system Withdrawn - After Issue CN206071091U (en)

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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106150121A (en) * 2016-08-26 2016-11-23 姚攀峰 A kind of storage Reformation for Explosion Proof structural system and construction method thereof
CN113818709A (en) * 2020-06-18 2021-12-21 中国石油化工股份有限公司 Anti-knock upgrading and transforming method and system for building
CN116607646A (en) * 2023-07-21 2023-08-18 中建四局建设发展有限公司 Construction method for explosion-proof joint of industrial factory building wall column

Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106150121A (en) * 2016-08-26 2016-11-23 姚攀峰 A kind of storage Reformation for Explosion Proof structural system and construction method thereof
CN113818709A (en) * 2020-06-18 2021-12-21 中国石油化工股份有限公司 Anti-knock upgrading and transforming method and system for building
CN113818709B (en) * 2020-06-18 2023-10-27 中国石油化工股份有限公司 Antiknock upgrading and reforming method and system for building
CN116607646A (en) * 2023-07-21 2023-08-18 中建四局建设发展有限公司 Construction method for explosion-proof joint of industrial factory building wall column
CN116607646B (en) * 2023-07-21 2023-10-03 中建四局建设发展有限公司 Construction method for explosion-proof joint of industrial factory building wall column

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