CN203008402U - Steel frame roof protecting structure for single-storey flush gable roof purlin brickwork residence - Google Patents

Steel frame roof protecting structure for single-storey flush gable roof purlin brickwork residence Download PDF

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Publication number
CN203008402U
CN203008402U CN 201220612305 CN201220612305U CN203008402U CN 203008402 U CN203008402 U CN 203008402U CN 201220612305 CN201220612305 CN 201220612305 CN 201220612305 U CN201220612305 U CN 201220612305U CN 203008402 U CN203008402 U CN 203008402U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
roof
steel
girder steel
purlin
former
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Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN 201220612305
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
董有
鞠树森
谢建明
甄进平
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BEIJING AEIDO INTERNATIONAL ENGINEERING TECHNOLOGY Co Ltd
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BEIJING AEIDO INTERNATIONAL ENGINEERING TECHNOLOGY Co Ltd
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Priority to CN 201220612305 priority Critical patent/CN203008402U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN203008402U publication Critical patent/CN203008402U/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
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Abstract

The utility model provides a steel frame roof protecting structure for a single-storey flush gable roof purlin brickwork residence. Original roof purlin is arranged on an original roof. The structure comprises additional transverse steel beams, additional longitudinal steel beams, additional steel columns, additional basements, roof beams and at least two oblique steel beams, wherein V-shaped grooves are welded in the oblique steel beams at intervals; set spaces between every two V-shaped grooves are equal to those between original roof purlin; two oblique steel beams are arranged in a herringbone butt joint manner; V-shaped grooves in the oblique steel beams clamp the original roof purlin; bottom ends of the oblique steel beams are fixedly connected with the roof beams; and the V-shaped grooves, the oblique steel beams and the roof beams form an A-shaped reinforcement steel roof frame which is supported on a steel frame formed by the additional transverse steel beams, the additional longitudinal steel beams, the additional steel columns and the additional basements. According to the steel frame roof protecting structure for the single-storey flush gable roof purlin brickwork residence, the roof load is changed to be supported by the steel frame roof protecting structure from being supported by the wall; and under the condition that the continuous use is not influenced, the shock resistance is improved, and the steel frame roof protecting structure can be widely applied to shock resistant reinforcing improvement of original stone and brick houses in remote and border areas.

Description

The steelframe that the purlin masonry residence is put on the hard mountain of individual layer protects roof construction
Technical field
The utility model relates to a kind of ruggedized construction and job practices thereof, and particularly a kind of ruggedized construction and job practices thereof that the purlin masonry residence is put on individual layer hard mountain belongs to the seismic hardening field.
Background technology
On September 7th, 2012,5.7 grades of earthquakes occur in the Yiliang, Yunnan, and between house collapse more than 30,000, the direct economic loss that disaster causes is about 37 hundred million yuans, and current disaster exposes incisively and vividly the anti-seismic performance of Chinese countryside local-style dwelling houses weakness.The Yiliang earthquake makes us see large department private residence total Collapse.The reason of total Collapse has the following aspects:
1, the material of raw-soil structure house collapses in a large number: the compactness of cob wall own is not enough, between the soil body, water resistant straight snips shear force is very low, will cause when slight earthquake and collapse, and roof truss directly is supported on the cob wall body in addition, insulated column is not set supports, cause roof truss to break away from support when body of wall collapses and collapse.The material of raw-soil structure house is the private residence of shock resistance extreme difference, is also the maximum private residence of this Yiliang earthquake collapse.
2, building-block house: hollow block wall does not arrange stem stem and strip, and body of wall fails to form whole, vertical and horizontal mortar joint bond area wretched insufficiency between block, and adopt the very low lime putty of intensity, the earthquake horizontal force causes the body of wall total Collapse.The roof beam purlin is the lower hollow bamboo of rigidity, connects simply between rod member, and during earthquake, level is rocked and caused the roof to fall apart, total Collapse.
3, vibration proof hollow blockwork floor slab structure house not: any seismic measures is not taked in this class house, without collar tie beam, constructional column, and the empty bucket of single-skin drum brick wall, vertical pressure-bearing and horizontal anti-seismic ability extreme difference, most of house collapses in this secondary earthquake.
4, antidetonation brick wall roof structure not, total Collapse is serious, brick wall masonry mortar intensity is low, without collar tie beam, constructional column seismic measures, cause body of wall shear resistance wretched insufficiency, occurred level shear failure during earthquake, most of brick wall roof adopts hard mountain to put the purlin form, without the independent support post, when body of wall collapsed, the roof is slump thereupon.
In addition, Yushu district, Qinghai and Wenchuan earthquake are higher than Yiliang earthquake magnitude, and private residence collapses even more serious, and any is arranged is common, and the poor regional private residence antidetonation of economic condition is the weakest.China is the country that earthquake takes place frequently, and China is large agricultural country.Living in rural population is 6.7 hundred million people, accounts for 50.32% of national population.The population below the poverty line 1.5 hundred million people wherein, this part people's dwelling house major part can not be resisted earthquake more than 5 grades, and wherein immature soil room, simple and easy barnacle body room, empty bucket brick house, simple and easy brick house even can not be resisted 3 grades of earthquakes.During grange generation earthquake, most of take the roof total Collapse as the main situation of destroying, cause huge casualties.In three secondary earthquakes of China since Wenchuan earthquake, huge casualties and property loss have been caused, so the private residence seismic hardening is very urgent.
The utility model content
build stone dwelling house of the remote past and the brick house mode by integral reinforcing on the basis that does not rebuild and continue it and use function for the economically less developed region is existed in a large number, improve it and support earthquake-resistant ability, the utility model proposes a kind of steelframe and protect roof construction, by the load integral body of former roof truss is born by reinforcing steelframe, change the power transmission pattern of original structure, the masonry structure that anti-seismic performance is relatively poor changes into the steel that main dependence adds the steelframe load-masonry combination construction, fundamentally solve at China's outlying district seismic performance of building relatively poor, earthquake causes personnel and the serious problem of property loss.
To achieve these goals, the utility model has been taked following technical scheme:
the steelframe that the purlin masonry residence is put on the hard mountain of a kind of individual layer protects roof construction, be provided with former roof purlin on former roofing, it is characterized in that: comprise adding horizontal girder steel, add vertical girder steel and add steel column, add the basis, roof truss beam and at least two oblique girder steels, interval welding V-type groove on described oblique girder steel, the setting space of described V-type groove is identical with former roof purlin setting space, wherein, two chevron shaped docking settings of oblique girder steel, V-type groove on it tightens former roof purlin, the bottom of described oblique girder steel is fixedly connected with roof truss beam, the three jointly forms the A type and reinforces steel roof truss, described A type reinforcing steel roof truss is supported on and adds horizontal girder steel, add vertical girder steel, add steel column and add on the steelframe of basis formation.
Describedly add vertical girder steel and be arranged on former vertical side within the walls, describedly add horizontal girder steel and be arranged on the former gable outside, the described vertical girder steel end of adding rides over and adds on horizontal girder steel, both are fixedly connected with, jointly enclose the profile identical with the original structure flat shape, the described steel column that adds is close to former gable or former vertical wall setting, and its top support top adds horizontal girder steel end, and its bottom is supported on and adds on the basis.
Described A type is reinforced the steel roof truss internal layout and is provided with stull, and two of described stulls are fixedly connected with two oblique girder steels respectively.
Described roof truss beam is grooved, and cell wall is stuck on oblique girder steel, described roof truss beam simultaneously with add vertical girder steel and be fixedly connected with.
Described add horizontal girder steel and add the angle that forms between steel column diagonal brace is set.
Described former gable inside top has mounting groove, described adding in horizontal girder steel embedding mounting groove; Described former vertical wall top outer has mounting groove, described adding in horizontal girder steel embedding mounting groove.
Beneficial effect
The utility model is by arranging two chevron shaped docking settings of oblique girder steel, V-type groove on it tightens former roof purlin, the bottom of described oblique girder steel is fixedly connected with roof truss beam, the three jointly forms the A type and reinforces steel roof truss, and add horizontal girder steel, two by at least two and add vertical girder steel and link together, add steel column and be connected with at least four again, the steelframe of formation, the common ruggedized construction that forms original structure.Make the load of former roofing all effectively pass to the ruggedized construction that the A type is reinforced steel roof truss and steelframe composition, by such processing, changed the force transfer system of former building structure, original wall body becomes enclosure wall by load bearing wall.When earthquake was arrived, because steel work has ductility preferably, the roof was unlikely to moment and collapses, and on the other hand, does not bear the load on roof due to body of wall, and the probability that the whole face of body of wall collapses is also smaller, and this just makes the people that sufficient escape time is arranged.
Ruggedized construction described in the utility model, simple in structure, power transmission is clear and definite, does not destroy the globality of original structure, and construction period do not affect the use function of original structure, realize larger economic and social benefit with less cost.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is the utility model ruggedized construction schematic diagram.
Fig. 2 is the side elevational view of the utility model original structure and ruggedized construction.
Fig. 3 is the steelframe schematic diagram of the utility model ruggedized construction.
Fig. 4 is the utility model original structure and ruggedized construction relative position schematic diagram.
Fig. 5 adds the steel column layout plan.
Reference numeral: 1: add horizontal girder steel; 2: add steel column; 3: add vertical girder steel; 4: former gable; 5: former vertical wall; 6: diagonal brace; 7: add the basis; 8: former roof purlin; 9: oblique girder steel; 10:V type groove; 11: stull; 12: roof truss beam.
The specific embodiment
as shown in Fig. 1-5, the steelframe that the purlin masonry residence is put on the hard mountain of a kind of individual layer protects roof construction, be provided with former roof purlin 8 on former roofing, comprise and add horizontal girder steel 1, add vertical girder steel 3 and add steel column 2, add basis 7, roof truss beam 12 and at least two oblique girder steels 9, interval welding V-type groove 10 on described oblique girder steel 9, the setting space of described V-type groove 10 is identical with former roof purlin 8 setting spaces, wherein, two chevron shaped docking settings of oblique girder steel 9, V-type groove 10 on it tightens former roof purlin 8, the bottom of described oblique girder steel 9 is fixedly connected with roof truss beam 12, the three jointly forms the A type and reinforces steel roof truss, described A type reinforcing steel roof truss is supported on and adds horizontal girder steel 1, add vertical girder steel 3, add steel column 2 and add on the steelframe of basis 7 formation.
Describedly add vertical girder steel 3 and be arranged on former vertical wall 5 inboards, describedly add horizontal girder steel 1 and be arranged on former gable 4 outsides, described vertical girder steel 3 ends of adding ride over and add on horizontal girder steel 1, both are fixedly connected with, jointly enclose the profile identical with the original structure flat shape, the described steel column 2 that adds is close to former gable 4 or former vertical wall 5 and is arranged, and its top support top adds horizontal girder steel 1 end, and its bottom is supported on and adds on basis 7.
Described A type is reinforced the steel roof truss internal layout and is provided with stull 11, and 11 two of described stulls are fixedly connected with two oblique girder steels 9 respectively.
Described roof truss beam 12 is grooved, and cell wall is stuck on oblique girder steel 9, described roof truss beam 12 simultaneously with add vertical girder steel 3 and be fixedly connected with.
Described add horizontal girder steel 1 and add between steel column 2 angle that forms diagonal brace 6 is set.
Described former gable 4 inside top have mounting groove, described adding in horizontal girder steel 1 embedding mounting groove; Described former vertical wall 5 top outer have mounting groove, described adding in horizontal girder steel 1 embedding mounting groove.
The job practices that the steelframe that purlin individual layer masonry residence is put on above-mentioned a kind of hard mountain protects roof construction, adopt the following enforcement of step:
Step 1 according to the house standard width of a room in an old-style house, depth, floor height size and roofing shape, is determined to add horizontal girder steel 1, adds vertical girder steel 3 and is added the length of steel column 2;
Step 2 according to the house standard width of a room in an old-style house, depth, floor height size and roofing shape, is determined to add horizontal girder steel 1, adds vertical girder steel 3 and is added the installation site of steel column 2, and constructs in advance according to the installation site that adds steel column 2 and add basis 7;
Step 3 is opened mounting groove on the top, four corners of former gable 4 and former vertical wall 5;
Step 4 is opened mounting groove position installation at former gable 4 and is added horizontal girder steel 1;
Step 5 is opened mounting groove position installation at former vertical wall 5 and is added vertical girder steel 3;
Step 6 is adjusted the position add horizontal girder steel 1 and to add vertical girder steel 3, makes to add vertical girder steel 3 and ride over and add on horizontal girder steel 1, and both are connected;
Step 7, the setting space of roof former in existed building purlin 8 is determined the setting space of V-type groove 10 on oblique girder steel 9, and by the spacing that determines, V-type groove 10 is welded on oblique girder steel 9;
Step 8, two root beads there is the oblique girder steel 9 of V-type groove 10 to tighten respectively former roof purlin 8 and former roof purlin 8 is fixedly connected with oblique girder steel 9, two oblique girder steel 9 top joints are fixedly connected with, and the bottom of two oblique girder steels 9 and roof truss beam 12 are fixing, form the A type and reinforce steel roof truss; Former roof purlin 8 and oblique girder steel 9 are fixed by iron wire or stirrup.The A type is reinforced steel roof truss for be arrangeding two groups or three groups in parallel, is arranged on the two ends of original building in the time of two groups, and in the time of three groups, on the basis of two ends setting, the centre in house is set up one group.
Step 9, roof truss beam 12 ride over and add vertical girder steel 3, and are fixedly connected with it;
Step 10, the A type that forms at two oblique girder steels 9 and roof truss beam 12 reinforce that in steel roof truss, the interval arranges stull 11, and stull 11 two ends are fixedly connected with two oblique girder steels 9 respectively;
Step 11, steel column 2 is reinforced steel roof truss with the A type, the A type is reinforced steel roof truss and held out against with former roof purlin 8 adding by jack, bears until the roofing load is all reinforced steel roof truss and added steel column 2 by the A type, will add steel column 2 and add basic 7 and be fixedly connected with.
Be more than an exemplary embodiments of the present utility model, enforcement of the present utility model is not limited to this.

Claims (6)

1. the individual layer hard mountain steelframe of putting the purlin masonry residence protects roof construction, be provided with former roof purlin (8) on former roofing, it is characterized in that: comprise adding horizontal girder steel (1), add vertical girder steel (3) and add steel column (2), add basis (7), roof truss beam (12) and at least two oblique girder steels (9), the upper interval welding of described oblique girder steel (9) V-type groove (10), the setting space of described V-type groove (10) is identical with former roof purlin (8) setting space, wherein, the chevron shaped docking setting of two oblique girder steels (9), V-type groove (10) chucking former roof purlin (8) on it, the bottom of described oblique girder steel (9) is fixedly connected with roof truss beam (12), the three jointly forms the A type and reinforces steel roof truss, described A type reinforcing steel roof truss is supported on and adds horizontal girder steel (1), add vertical girder steel (3), add steel column (2) and add on the steelframe of basis (7) formation.
2. the hard mountain of the individual layer according to claim 1 steelframe of putting the purlin masonry residence protects roof construction, it is characterized in that: the described vertical girder steel (3) that adds is arranged on former vertical wall (5) inboard, the described horizontal girder steel (1) that adds is arranged on outside former gable (4), described vertical girder steel (3) end of adding rides over and adds on horizontal girder steel (1), both are fixedly connected with, jointly enclose the profile identical with the original structure flat shape, the described steel column (2) that adds is close to former gable (4) or former vertical wall (5) setting, its top support top adds horizontal girder steel (1) end, its bottom is supported on and adds on basis (7).
3. the hard mountain of the individual layer according to claim 1 steelframe of putting the purlin masonry residence protects roof construction, it is characterized in that: described A type is reinforced the steel roof truss internal layout and is provided with stull (11), and (11) two of described stulls are fixedly connected with two oblique girder steels (9) respectively.
4. the hard mountain of the individual layer according to claim 1 steelframe of putting the purlin masonry residence protects roof construction, it is characterized in that: described roof truss beam (12) is grooved, cell wall is stuck on oblique girder steel (9), described roof truss beam (12) simultaneously with add vertical girder steel (3) and be fixedly connected with.
5. the hard mountain of the individual layer according to claim 1 steelframe of putting the purlin masonry residence protects roof construction, it is characterized in that: described add horizontal girder steel (1) and add the angle that forms between steel column (2) diagonal brace (6) is set.
6. the hard mountain of the individual layer according to claim 2 steelframe of putting the purlin masonry residence protects roof construction, and it is characterized in that: described former gable (4) inside top has mounting groove, and the described horizontal girder steel (1) that adds embeds in mounting groove; Described former vertical wall (5) top outer has mounting groove, and the described horizontal girder steel (1) that adds embeds in mounting groove.
CN 201220612305 2012-11-15 2012-11-15 Steel frame roof protecting structure for single-storey flush gable roof purlin brickwork residence Expired - Fee Related CN203008402U (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 201220612305 CN203008402U (en) 2012-11-15 2012-11-15 Steel frame roof protecting structure for single-storey flush gable roof purlin brickwork residence

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 201220612305 CN203008402U (en) 2012-11-15 2012-11-15 Steel frame roof protecting structure for single-storey flush gable roof purlin brickwork residence

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CN203008402U true CN203008402U (en) 2013-06-19

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102936966A (en) * 2012-11-15 2013-02-20 北京筑福建设工程有限责任公司 Steel frame canopy guard structure of single-layer purlin masonry house and construction method thereof
CN111576732A (en) * 2020-05-25 2020-08-25 张峻华 Ridge main beam fixing structure for refuge roof

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102936966A (en) * 2012-11-15 2013-02-20 北京筑福建设工程有限责任公司 Steel frame canopy guard structure of single-layer purlin masonry house and construction method thereof
CN111576732A (en) * 2020-05-25 2020-08-25 张峻华 Ridge main beam fixing structure for refuge roof
CN111576732B (en) * 2020-05-25 2021-09-24 张峻华 Ridge main beam fixing structure for refuge roof

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Addressee: Beijing Aeido International Engineering Technology Co., Ltd.

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CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20130619

Termination date: 20161115