CN206001479U - A kind of refuse gasification combustion gas of humid air turbine and steam turbine combined generating system - Google Patents

A kind of refuse gasification combustion gas of humid air turbine and steam turbine combined generating system Download PDF

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Publication number
CN206001479U
CN206001479U CN201621036895.5U CN201621036895U CN206001479U CN 206001479 U CN206001479 U CN 206001479U CN 201621036895 U CN201621036895 U CN 201621036895U CN 206001479 U CN206001479 U CN 206001479U
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China
Prior art keywords
turbine
air
incinerator
gasification
steam
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CN201621036895.5U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
严欣平
肖大志
周雄
林顺洪
李长江
胡桂川
徐�明
胡文金
汤毅
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Chongqing University of Science and Technology
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Chongqing University of Science and Technology
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E20/00Combustion technologies with mitigation potential
    • Y02E20/12Heat utilisation in combustion or incineration of waste
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E20/00Combustion technologies with mitigation potential
    • Y02E20/16Combined cycle power plant [CCPP], or combined cycle gas turbine [CCGT]
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E20/00Combustion technologies with mitigation potential
    • Y02E20/16Combined cycle power plant [CCPP], or combined cycle gas turbine [CCGT]
    • Y02E20/18Integrated gasification combined cycle [IGCC], e.g. combined with carbon capture and storage [CCS]

Abstract

The utility model discloses a kind of refuse gasification combustion gas of humid air turbine and steam turbine combined generating system, including refuse gasification CIU, steam generator system, electricity generation system, electricity generation system includes blender, air compressor, synthesis flue gas compressor, synthesis smoke combustion room, turbine a, turbine b, steam turbine, generator a, generator b, waste heat boiler and feedwater input system, the saturated vapor outlet of the entrance connection drum of blender, the gas outlet of air compressor, the water inlet of the delivery port connection drum of blender, the venthole connection superheater of blender, turbine a, turbine a connects generator a, the Waste gas outlet of steam generator system is sequentially connected flue gas compressor, synthesis smoke combustion room, turbine b, turbine b connects generator b.It can carry out the process of large-scale rubbish continuous gasification, and garbage treatment quantity is bigger, and the organic efficiency of heat is higher, can efficiently reduce pollutant emission.

Description

A kind of refuse gasification combustion gas of humid air turbine and steam turbine combined generating system
Technical field
The utility model belongs to solid waste incineration Treatment and recovery processing technology field, more particularly to a kind of wet sky The refuse gasification combustion gas of gas turbine and steam turbine combined generating system.
Background technology
Existing technology of garbage disposal mainly has burning, sanitary landfills, compost, waste recovery etc..In garbage disposal routine In technology, burning disposal has reduced training substantially, and innoxious thorough, occupation of land amount is little, and waste heat energy is obtained by, and secondary pollution is few The advantages of, meet the strategic requirement of China's sustainable development.But with continuous improvement both at home and abroad to environmental requirement, how to strengthen Control to secondary pollution is particularly important.Therefore, refuse pyrolysis gasification burning technology is gradually shifted onto the road of industrial applications On, primarily now use all kinds of incineration technologies especially for domestic rubbish, gasification burning technology widely industrialize by The technological innovation of domestic garbage disposal industry is brought to regenerate.
For many years, scientific research of the China to the gasification burning technology such as living beings, rubbish, be in progress a lot of, the base in laboratory Plinth research is a lot, also has application study, such as:Rotary kiln type, the destructive gasifying of vertical and fluidized bed type or temperature gasification and high melting skill Art etc..But in Technique Popularizing application or there is a definite limitation, raw material type, garbage treatment quantity, secondary pollution control and economy Benefit etc. is principal element.
In existing burning process and equipment, fire grate type incinerator is various informative, and its application accounts for whole world waste incineration More than the 80% of the total market size, wherein has using mechanical backstepping fire grate, forwards fire grate or combined fire grate in body of heater, also adopts With fire grates such as chain-plate type and drum-types.In boiler plant, boiler recovery heat methods are a lot of, technology maturation;Thermal source kind Class is also many, such as:The thermals source such as solar energy, smelting furnace waste heat, coal furnace, fluid bed, fixed bed, rotary kiln, reclaim heat using boiler Amount, for generating electricity, heat supply, heating etc..
In sum, typical gasification burning and boiler plant technology maturation, respectively have its own advantage, but in China's reality The problem and shortage for solving is needed in application:
1., for characteristics such as China's house refuse water content height, complicated components, the technology of moving hearth is used, to rubbish Conveying capacity needs emphasis to consider.In flue gas after burning simultaneously, fly ash content is higher, and collecting ash is heavier, deashing repair and maintenance Cycle is short.
2. being on the increase with refuse production, sanitary fill such as mountain, garbage treatment quantity must be effectively improved, Could meeting the market requirement.
3. require in the face of strict pollutant emission, secondary pollution control is the key problem for technically needing to solve.
4., in order to effectively increase economic efficiency, in rubbish heat treatment process, the organic efficiency of heat needs to improve.Existing Rubbish heat treatment technics generally the high-temperature flue gas heat after waste incineration is reclaimed using boiler, produce steam and shift steam turbine onto and send out Electricity, whole transition heat efficiency losses are larger, process identical quantity of refuse, and relative minimizing thermal losses and raising heat exchanger effectiveness can To improve the thermal efficiency.
The for example following patent of existing technology:External combustion wet air gas turbine power generating system (ZL 01120378.1), combustion gas wheel Machine electricity generation system and its progress control method (ZL 200880007113.7), double-fuel combustion-supporting type gas-steam combined cycle system The process of system (ZL 200610062631.1), coal powder gas turbine generation system and generation coal powder two-phase flow fuel (ZL200610062055.0), multiple row sectional drive combined type domestic garbage incinerator (ZL200710092508.9) and two-part The problem all referred in incinerator (ZL201010268376.2):Rubbish heat treatment mode method is not bound with, and The problems such as secondary pollution control of rubbish heat treatment, smoke components are complicated;Conventional garbage heat treatment thermal chemical reaction is anti-to aoxidize Based on answering, reduction reaction is aided in, and is also easy to produce secondary pollution, and burned oxygen quotient is big, and First air, Secondary Air infeed amount are big, In flue gas, dust content is higher, larger on heat reclaiming system and smoke processing system impact, and easy dust stratification, exhaust gas volumn are larger, Relative reduction thermal conversion efficiency;Refuse gasification synthesizes the deep purifying problem of flue gas after burning, need to synthesize flue gas cleannes Meet gas turbine requirement, and the application of refuse gasification burning-gas and steam turbine combined cycle generation;Rubbish is heat-treated The innovation of mode, reduces exhaust gas volumn, changes flue gas composition, and chemical reaction environment becomes reduction reaction, the relative raising of the thermal efficiency.
Utility model content
The purpose of this utility model is to overcome the deficiencies in the prior art, provides a kind of refuse gasification combustion of humid air turbine Gas and steam turbine combined generating system, provide that a kind of transition heat efficiency losses are less, and the organic efficiency of heat is higher, pollutant The lower utilization refuse gasification of discharge burns the electricity generation system of synthesis gas.
The purpose of this utility model is realized in:
A kind of refuse gasification combustion gas of humid air turbine and steam turbine combined generating system, burn system including refuse gasification System, steam generator system, electricity generation system, the steam generator system have drum, superheater, and the electricity generation system includes blender, air Compressor, synthesis flue gas compressor, synthesis smoke combustion room, turbine a, turbine b, steam turbine, generator a, generator b, Waste heat boiler and feedwater input system, the side wall of the blender are provided with first entrance, second entrance, the blender Bottom is provided with delivery port, and the top of the blender is provided with venthole, the saturation of the first entrance connection drum of the blender Steam (vapor) outlet, the blender second entrance connection air compressor gas outlet, the air inlet of the air compressor with Atmosphere, the water inlet of the delivery port connection drum of the blender, the venthole of the blender connect entering for superheater Steam ports, the venthole output high pressure superheated steam of the superheater, the air inlet of the venthole connection turbine a of the superheater Mouth, the turbine a and generator a power connector, high pressure superheated steam promote turbine a to generate electricity, and the gas outlet of turbine a connects Connect waste heat boiler, the Waste gas outlet of the air inlet connection steam generator system of the flue gas compressor, the gas outlet of flue gas compressor Not using complete high-pressure synthesis flue gas, the air inlet of the synthesis smoke combustion room connects flue gas and calms the anger output steam generator system respectively The gas outlet of machine, the gas outlet of air compressor, pressure-air is mixed with high-pressure synthesis flue gas input synthesis smoke combustion room Combination burning, the air inlet of the gas outlet connection turbine b of smoke combustion room, the turbine b and generator b power connector are high Warm flue gas promotes turbine b to generate electricity, the gas outlet connection waste heat boiler of turbine b, the venthole connection vapour of the waste heat boiler Turbine, the steam turbine and generator b power connector, the high pressure superheated steam pushing turbine that waste heat boiler is discharged generate electricity, institute The discharge outlet connection feedwater input system of waste heat boiler is stated, the discharge outlet connection feedwater input system of steam turbine, the feedwater are defeated Enter system to supply water steam generator system, waste heat boiler.
Further, the feedwater input system includes to be sequentially connected in series by pipeline condenser, water pump, oxygen-eliminating device, increasing Water pump, the discharge outlet of the waste heat boiler are connected between water pump, oxygen-eliminating device by pipeline, between the water pump, oxygen-eliminating device Water source is connected by moisturizing pipeline, the water inlet of the condenser connects the discharge outlet of steam turbine, the pressurized water by pipeline The delivery port of pump connects the carbonated drink import of steam generator system and waste heat boiler by pipeline.
Steam output device can be all converted to water using complete steam by condenser, and absorb the heat of steam release Amount, the Main Function of oxygen-eliminating device is exactly to remove oxygen and other gases in boiler feedwater with it, it is ensured that the quality of feedwater, increases Water pump can improve hydraulic pressure, it is ensured that the water supply capacity of feedwater input system, and feedwater input system can be to steam turbine, waste heat pot The water that fire grate goes out carries out further heat recovery, improves heat recovery efficiency.
Further, the air compressor, turbine a, generator a power connector successively, and synchronous axial system;The conjunction Become flue gas compressor, turbine b, steam turbine, generator b power connector successively, and synchronous axial system.
Further, the steam generator system includes boiler body, and the boiler body has cyclone dust removal room, furnace chamber a, stove Room b, the lower end of the cyclone dust removal room arrange smoke inlet, and the smoke inlet of cyclone dust removal room is connected with refuse gasification CIU Connect, cyclone dust removal room upper end is the 3rd exhanst gas outlet, the 3rd exhanst gas outlet of cyclone dust removal room upper end is connected with the upper end of furnace chamber a Logical, the furnace chamber a, the lower end connection of furnace chamber b, the upper end of the furnace chamber b arranges waste gas outlet, along week in the cyclone dust removal room To the water-cooling wall being provided with a ring, described superheater is provided with the furnace chamber a, is provided with evaporimeter, boiler sheet in furnace chamber b The top of body arranges described drum, and the cyclone dust removal room, furnace chamber a, furnace chamber b are respectively positioned on below drum, set on the drum There is carbonated drink import, water separator in drum, is provided with, for steam water interface is separated, drum connects water by the first down-comer The water inlet of cold wall, for exporting the water that water separator is isolated, drum connects entering for evaporimeter by the second down-comer The mouth of a river, for exporting the water that water separator is isolated, the water-cooling wall, the venthole of evaporimeter are connected by steam pipe respectively The air intake of drum, for the high-temperature steam that flows back.
In order to carry out harmless treatment to the flue gas that furnace chamber c is discharged, it is preferable that the boiler body has furnace chamber c, described The upper end of furnace chamber c is connected with the waste gas outlet of furnace chamber b upper end, and the lower end of furnace chamber c arranges Waste gas outlet, and the furnace chamber c's is useless Gas floss hole connects flue gas purification system, thick cleaning system that the flue gas purification system includes to be sequentially connected, booster fan, essence Deduster is washed, the flue gas after purification feeds synthesis flue gas compressor.
Preferably, the thick cleaning system includes aeration tower and deduster, and the fine purifiation deduster adopts Lei Shi venturi Washing system, including Venturi scrubber and cyclone separator, the aeration tower connects the Waste gas outlet of furnace chamber c, aeration tower Outlet connection deduster, then deep purifying made by entrance fine purifiation deduster after being pressurized by booster fan.
Thick cleaning system can remove the impurity of big particle diameter, dust, and fine purifiation deduster can remove steam, micro mist dirt etc., Meet gas turbine to require combustion gas cleannes.
In order to further heat recovery is carried out to the flue gas that furnace chamber b is discharged, improve heat recovery efficiency, further Ground, is provided with economizer in the furnace chamber c, the water inlet of the economizer is connected with the delivery port of feedwater input system, the section The delivery port of hot device and the carbonated drink inlet communication of drum.
Further, the refuse gasification CIU includes incinerator, circulation air feed system, the gasification burning Stove includes grate, and feed hopper, gasification furnace and the incinerator set gradually along feedstock direction on grate, the rear of gasification furnace For the cinder notch that falls of gasification furnace, incinerator falls positioned at gasification furnace the front lower place of cinder notch, and the rear of incinerator is the slag notch of incinerator, The grate is provided with garbage pusher device, and the garbage pusher device is located at the lower section of feed hopper, for by the rubbish in feed hopper Push in gasification furnace, the lower section of gasification furnace moving hearth and incinerator moving hearth to be respectively arranged below with least one independent The air compartment for arranging, is provided with windrow seal section, the stove between the gasification furnace and incinerator between the feed hopper, gasification furnace Leave transition to fall slag section on frame part, the transition slag section that falls is provided with residue pusher, for the rubbish that will be fallen in gasification furnace Rubbish residue is pushed in incinerator, and the transition falls in slag section and is provided with isolating door to be opened/closed, and the isolating door is used for will gasification Stove, incinerator cut-off;The gasification furnace, incinerator include furnace shell, moving hearth, the forward and backward side difference of the gasification furnace respectively By windrow seal section, transition fall slag section sealing, the transition fall slag section isolation gasification furnace, incinerator, make gasification furnace, incinerator Separate;The gasification furnace, incinerator are respectively provided with secondary confession respectively in the shape that arches upward on the face arch of the gasification furnace, rear arch Air port, the vault of the gasification furnace arrange the first exhanst gas outlet, the smoke inlet of the cyclone dust removal room and the first exhanst gas outlet Connection, the vault of the incinerator arrange the second exhanst gas outlet, are respectively equipped with igniting combustion supporting hole on the gasification furnace, incinerator;
The circulation air feed system includes dust arrester, the first blower fan, the second blower fan, and the inlet end of the dust arrester leads to Piping is connected with the second exhanst gas outlet, and the outlet side of the dust arrester is connected with the inlet end of the first blower fan by pipeline, The outlet side of first blower fan connects the house steward of the first manifold, the arm of first manifold respectively with gasification furnace moving hearth Each air compartment of lower section, each secondary confession air port on gasification furnace and cyclone dust removal room smoke inlet connection, described the The first regulating valve, the air inlet of second blower fan and atmosphere, second wind is respectively provided with each arm of one manifold The gas outlet of machine connects the house steward of the second manifold, the arm of second manifold respectively with incinerator moving hearth below each one The inlet end of secondary air compartment and dust arrester, outlet side connection, are respectively provided with the second regulation on each arm of second manifold Valve, the cyclone dust removal room are provided with some combustion airs and supply air port, some combustion airs for air port be located at smoke inlet, the 3rd Between exhanst gas outlet, also include the 3rd manifold, the house steward of the 3rd manifold is connected with the gas outlet of the second blower fan, the described 3rd Each arm of manifold is connected for air port with some combustion airs respectively, is respectively provided with the 3rd regulating valve on each arm of the 3rd manifold.
For the waste residue for discharging furnace chamber a, furnace chamber b, flue gas deposition is produced in cyclone dust removal room, and prevent waste residue effusion from producing Pollution, it is preferable that be provided with common slag notch below the furnace chamber a, furnace chamber b, the lower end of the cyclone dust removal room are provided with from upper To the taper slag notch that lower radius diminishes, the common slag notch, taper slag notch are connected with the burner hearth of gasification furnace respectively.
In order to further heat recovery is carried out to the flue gas that furnace chamber b is discharged, improve heat recovery efficiency, it is preferable that Air preheater, the air inlet of the outlet side connection air preheater of second blower fan, air preheat is provided with the furnace chamber c The gas outlet of device connects the house steward of the second manifold.
Due to employing technique scheme, the utility model has the advantages that:
The utility model employs the saturated vapor of pressure-air, the drum output that blender exported to air compressor and enters Row mixing, exports high pressure superheated steam after superheater, and high pressure superheated steam promotes turbine a to generate electricity, and the utility model is adopted Flue gas compressor output steam generator system is not using complete high-pressure synthesis flue gas, the pressure-air of air compressor output and high pressing Become mixed combustion in flue gas input synthesis smoke combustion room, output high-temperature flue gas promote turbine b to generate electricity, take full advantage of boiler System do not carry out combined cycle generation using complete flue gas;Turbine a, the gas outlet connection waste heat boiler of turbine b, waste heat The discharge outlet connection feedwater input system of boiler, the high-temperature flue gas outlet pushing turbine of the waste heat boiler generate electricity, steam turbine Discharge outlet connection feedwater input system, the feedwater input system to steam generator system, waste heat boiler supply water, take full advantage of whirlpool Turbine, the discharge capacity for not carrying out combined cycle generation using complete flue gas, greatly reducing waste gas of steam turbine, change the thermal efficiency Loss is less, and the organic efficiency of heat is higher.
This steam generator system by the water-cooling wall of annular on the cyclone dust removal room, synthesis gas in cyclone dust removal Indoor Combustion more For abundant, the temperature for producing of burning is higher, relatively reduces thermal losses and improves heat exchanger effectiveness.This steam generator system is reclaimed In the high-temperature synthesis gas flue gas of refuse gasification outlet of still, synthesis gas flue gas enters cyclone dust removal room to origin of heat, while to whirlwind In dirt pocket tangentially air-supplied combustion-supporting combustibility synthesis gas, flue gas sequentially pass through cyclone dust removal room, furnace chamber a, furnace chamber b, section heat Device and air preheater.Recycle the pre- hot condensed water of economizer, pre- hot condensed water enters boiler part, condensed water in water-cooling wall and Heat in evaporimeter, form saturated vapor and drum is entered, saturated vapor enters superheater after steam-water separation, is thermally formed again Vapours is exported, for generating electricity.The utility model is novel, using cyclone-burning method, reduces fly ash content in flue gas; Syngas combustion temperature is high, and gas residence time is long, and pollutant is effectively decomposed, and reduces pollutant emission, it is achieved that rubbish Synthesis gas burning disposal and heat recovery and utilization after continuous gasification.
The gasification furnace of incinerator, incinerator are provided separately, and the vault of gasification furnace arranges the first exhanst gas outlet, incinerator Vault arrange the second exhanst gas outlet, process flue gas respectively beneficial to according to the difference of flue gas quality, while being conducive to removing flue gas Dirt, it is provided that the flue gas of higher quality, makes the utilization rate of flue gas higher, and the waste residue of discharge is less.
Second blower fan blasts air and provides First air for incinerator and provide temperature adjustment and supply for cyclone separator, the first blower fan Wind, by the second regulation valve regulation wind supply quantity on corresponding pipeline, makes incinerator residue fully burn;Then, the first blower fan is taken out The flue gas of incinerator is taken, after temperature adjustment and cyclone collection flying dust, forms the flue gas supply gasification furnace of certain pressure First air and Secondary Air, by the first regulation valve regulation wind supply quantity on corresponding pipeline, make rubbish in gasification furnace produce gasification, gas Change the flue gas that stove is contained within a certain amount of synthesis gas, discharge from the first exhanst gas outlet, enter cyclone dust removal room processing links, the first wind The unnecessary flue gas that machine is extracted also simultaneously enters cyclone dust removal room, takes full advantage of the high-temperature flue gas of incinerator discharge, improves energy The utilization rate of amount, cyclone dust removal room provide high-temperature flue gas.The stoker fired grate formula refuse gasification incinerator garbage treatment quantity of this structure Greatly, the rubbish bed of material can experience the stage that burns of drying, gasification and residue on stoker fired grate, and adaptation China house refuse is aqueous The characteristics such as amount height, complicated component, improve the energy conversion efficiency in garbage processing procedure and reduce pollutant emission in flue gas Amount, effectively prevents secondary pollution, and can realize large-scale rubbish continuous gasification burning disposal, it is ensured that refuse gasification burns effect Fruit and lime-ash clinker ignition loss, reduce relatively thermal losses and improve heat exchanger effectiveness, improve the thermal efficiency.
Description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is structural representation of the present utility model;
Fig. 2 is the structural representation of electricity generation system;
Fig. 3 is the structural representation of steam generator system;
Fig. 4 is the structural representation of flue gas purification system;
Fig. 5 is the structural representation of cyclone dust removal room;
Fig. 6 is the schematic top plan view of Fig. 5;
Fig. 7 is the structural representation of incinerator;
Fig. 8 is the structural representation for circulating air feed system.
Reference
1 is incinerator, and 101 is grate, and 102 is feed hopper, and 103 is gasification furnace, and 104 is incinerator, and 105 is stove Bed, 106 is garbage pusher device, and 107 is an air compartment, and 108 is windrow seal section, and 109 fall slag section for transition, and 110 push away for residue Glassware, 111 is isolating door, and 112 is the first exhanst gas outlet, and 113 is the second exhanst gas outlet, and 114 is igniting combustion supporting hole, and 115 is two Secondary confession air port, 116 is slag notch, and 117 is the cinder notch that falls;
201 is dust arrester, and 202 is the first blower fan, and 203 is the second blower fan, and 204 is the first manifold, and 205 is the second discrimination Pipe, 206 is the 3rd manifold, and 207 is the first regulating valve, and 208 is the second regulating valve, and 209 is the 3rd regulating valve;
3 is cyclone dust removal room, and 301 is dirt pocket igniting combustion supporting hole, and 302 is taper slag notch, and 303 is smoke inlet, 304 For the 3rd exhanst gas outlet, 305 supply air port for combustion air;
4 is boiler body, and 402 is furnace chamber a, and 403 is furnace chamber b, and 404 is furnace chamber c, and 405 is water-cooling wall, and 406 is superheater, 407 is evaporimeter, and 408 is drum, and 409 is the first down-comer, and 410 is the second down-comer, and 411 is steam turbine, and 412 is defeated for feedwater Enter system, 413 is condenser, 414 is water pump, 415 is oxygen-eliminating device, 416 is booster water pump, 417 is moisturizing pipeline, 418 is section Hot device, 419 is flue gas purification system, and 420 is aeration tower, and 421 is deduster, and 422 is booster fan, and 423 is fine purifiation deduster, 424 is air preheater.
5 is electricity generation system, and 501 is blender, and 502 is generator a, and 503 is air compressor, and 504 is synthesis flue gas pressure Mechanism of qi, 505 is synthesis smoke combustion room, and 506 is turbine a, and 507 is waste heat boiler, and 508 is generator b, and 509 is turbine b.
Specific embodiment
Referring to Fig. 1, be one kind of a kind of refuse gasification combustion gas of humid air turbine and steam turbine combined generating system relatively Good embodiment, including refuse gasification CIU, steam generator system, electricity generation system 5, the steam generator system has drum 408, mistake Hot device 406.
Referring to Fig. 2, the electricity generation system includes blender 501, air compressor 503, synthesis flue gas compressor 504, closes Become smoke combustion room 505, turbine a506, turbine b509, steam turbine, generator a502, generator b508, waste heat boiler 507 and feedwater input system, further, the air compressor 503, turbine a506, generator a502 power successively Connection, and synchronous axial system;Power connects successively for the synthesis flue gas compressor 504, turbine b509, steam turbine, generator b508 Connect, and synchronous axial system.
The side wall of the blender 501 is provided with first entrance, second entrance, and the bottom of the blender 501 is provided with out The mouth of a river, the top of the blender 501 are provided with venthole, the saturated vapor of the first entrance connection drum of the blender 501 Outlet, the gas outlet of the second entrance connection air compressor 503 of the blender 501, the air inlet of the air compressor 503 Mouth and atmosphere, the water inlet of the delivery port connection drum of the blender 501, the venthole connection of the blender 501 The air intake of superheater, the venthole output high pressure superheated steam of the superheater, the venthole connection turbine of the superheater The air inlet of machine a506, the turbine a506 and generator a502 power connector, high pressure superheated steam promote turbine a506 Generate electricity, the gas outlet connection waste heat boiler 507 of turbine a506, the air inlet of the flue gas compressor connect the useless of steam generator system Gas floss hole, the gas outlet output steam generator system of flue gas compressor is not using complete high-pressure synthesis flue gas, the synthesis flue gas combustion Burn room 505 air inlet connect the gas outlet of flue gas compressor, the gas outlet of air compressor 503 respectively, by pressure-air with Mixed combustion in high-pressure synthesis flue gas input synthesis smoke combustion room 505, the gas outlet connection turbine b509 of smoke combustion room Air inlet, the turbine b509 and generator b508 power connector, high-temperature flue gas promote turbine b509 to generate electricity, turbine B509 gas outlet connection waste heat boiler 507, the waste heat boiler 507 venthole connection steam turbine, the steam turbine with send out Motor b508 power connector, the high pressure superheated steam pushing turbine that waste heat boiler 507 is discharged generate electricity, the waste heat boiler 507 Discharge outlet connection feedwater input system, steam turbine discharge outlet connection feedwater input system, the feedwater input system is to pot Furnace system, waste heat boiler 507 supply water.Condenser that further, the feedwater input system includes to be sequentially connected in series by pipeline, Water pump, oxygen-eliminating device, booster water pump, the discharge outlet of the waste heat boiler 507 are connected between water pump, oxygen-eliminating device by pipeline, institute State between water pump, oxygen-eliminating device and water source is connected by moisturizing pipeline, the water inlet of the condenser connects steam turbine by pipeline Discharge outlet, the delivery port of the booster water pump connect the carbonated drink import of steam generator system and waste heat boiler 507 by pipeline.
Referring to Fig. 3, in the present embodiment, steam generator system includes boiler body 4, and the boiler body 4 is with cyclone dust removal room 3rd, furnace chamber a402, furnace chamber b403, furnace chamber c404.
Referring to Fig. 5, Fig. 6, the lower end of the cyclone dust removal room 3 arranges smoke inlet 303, the cigarette of the cyclone dust removal room 3 Gas entrance 303 is connected with the first exhanst gas outlet 112 of gasification furnace 103 by pipeline, and 3 upper end of cyclone dust removal room goes out for the 3rd flue gas Mouth 304, the smoke inlet 303, the 3rd exhanst gas outlet 304 are located at the opposition side of 3 circumferential wall of cyclone dust removal room, cyclone dust removal room 3 top arranges dirt pocket igniting combustion supporting hole 301.In order that flue gas, combustion air are sufficiently mixed, burn in cyclone dust removal room 3 Discharge from the 3rd exhanst gas outlet 304 afterwards, the cyclone dust removal room 3 is provided with some combustion airs for air port 305, described some combustion-supporting Wind is for air port 305 Wei Yu smoke inlet 303, the 3rd exhanst gas outlet 304 between.The smoke inlet 303, the 3rd exhanst gas outlet 304th, combustion air is radially or tangentially arranged along 3 circumferential wall of cyclone dust removal room for air port 305.3rd cigarette of 3 upper end of cyclone dust removal room Gas outlet 304 is connected with the upper end of furnace chamber a402, the furnace chamber a402, the lower end connection of furnace chamber b403, the furnace chamber b403's Upper end arranges waste gas outlet, and the lower end of the cyclone dust removal room 3 is provided with the taper slag notch 302 that radius from top to bottom diminishes, should Taper slag notch 302 is connected with the burner hearth of gasification furnace 103.Common slag notch is provided with below the furnace chamber a402, furnace chamber b403, The common slag notch is connected with the burner hearth of gasification furnace 103.In the present embodiment, the common slag notch and taper slag notch 302 are all connected with the afterbody changeover portion of 103 burner hearth of gasification furnace.
The interior water-cooling wall 405 being circumferentially with along inwall in a ring in the cyclone dust removal room 3, is provided with the furnace chamber a402 Superheater 406, is provided with evaporimeter 407 in furnace chamber b403, the top of boiler body 4 arranges drum 408, the cyclone dust removal room 3rd, furnace chamber a402, furnace chamber b403 are respectively positioned on 408 lower section of drum, and the drum 408 is provided with carbonated drink import, mixes for being input into carbonated drink Compound, is provided with water separator in drum 408, and for separating steam water interface, drum 408 is connected by the first down-comer 409 The water inlet of water receiving cold wall 405, for exporting the water that water separator is isolated, drum 408 is connected by the second down-comer 410 The water inlet of evaporimeter 407 is connect, for exporting the water that water separator is isolated, the water-cooling wall 405, evaporimeter 407 Venthole connects the air intake of drum 408 respectively by steam pipe, for the high-temperature steam that flows back, the saturated vapor of the drum 408 The air intake for connecting superheater 406 by pipeline is exported, for the high-temperature steam of backflow is input in superheater 406, the mistake The venthole output superheated steam of hot device 406.
The upper end of the furnace chamber c404 is connected with the waste gas outlet of furnace chamber b403 upper end, and the lower end of furnace chamber c404 arranges waste gas Floss hole, is provided with economizer 418, the delivery port of the water inlet of the economizer 418 and booster water pump 416 in the furnace chamber c404 The carbonated drink inlet communication of connection, the delivery port of the economizer 418 and drum 408.The Waste gas outlet connection cigarette of furnace chamber c404 Gas cleaning system 419, referring to Fig. 4, the flue gas purification system 419 includes thick cleaning system, the booster fan being sequentially connected 422nd, fine purifiation deduster 423, the flue gas after purification feed synthesis flue gas compressor.The thick cleaning system includes aeration tower 420 With deduster 421, the fine purifiation deduster 423 adopt Lei Shi venturi scrubbing system, divide including Venturi scrubber and whirlwind From device, the aeration tower 420 connects the Waste gas outlet of furnace chamber c, and the outlet of aeration tower 420 connects deduster 421, then by supercharging wind Machine 422 enters fine purifiation deduster 423 after being pressurized and makees deep purifying.
Referring to Fig. 7, Fig. 8, it is that refuse gasification CIU includes incinerator and its circulation air feed system, gasification burning Stove includes gasification furnace 103, incinerator 104, can seal or connect between gasification furnace 103 and incinerator 104,103 stove of gasification furnace Bed lower section and 104 siege of incinerator be respectively arranged below with two independent air compartments 107, the gasification furnace 103 Secondary confession air port 115 is respectively provided with face arch, rear arch, and the vault of the gasification furnace 103 arranges the first exhanst gas outlet 112, described The vault of incinerator 104 arranges the second exhanst gas outlet 113.
Incinerator includes grate 101, and the feed hopper 102, gas set gradually along feedstock direction on grate 101 Change stove 103 and incinerator 104, the rear of incinerator 104 is the slag notch 116 of incinerator 104, the incinerator 104 is provided with Fall cinder notch 117, and the slag notch 116 of the incinerator 104 falls positioned at incinerator the underface of cinder notch 117, described fall cinder notch 117 lead to Piping is connected with the slag notch of dust arrester 201.This sealing structure effect is good, can effectively hold minimizing pollutant discharge amount. Gasification furnace 103 mainly gasifies to the carbon-containing part of rubbish, and discharges flammable gasification flue gas and rubbish residue, incinerator 104 burnings for being substantially carried out carbon residue are processed, and discharge innoxious lime-ash.The siege 105 of gasification furnace 103 and incinerator 104 is equal The stoker fired grate formula moving hearth 105 independently driven using segmentation, the fire grate of stoker fired grate formula moving hearth 105 be by travelling oven Row plate forward lap with fixed grate plate, spaced collect form, adjacent multigroup moving grate plate is connected by pull bar, is adopted Driven with a set of driving means.Used as the carrier of conveying garbage, embodiments thereof can be each to stoker fired grate formula moving hearth 105 Type moving hearth 105, such as chain-plate type, drum-type, multisection type fire grate system etc..
The grate 101 is provided with garbage pusher device 106, and the garbage pusher device 106 is located at the lower section of feed hopper 102, For the rubbish in feed hopper 102 is pushed in gasification furnace 103, the lower section of 103 moving hearth 105 of gasification furnace and incinerator 104 moving hearths 105 be respectively arranged below with least one air compartment 107 being independently arranged, in the present embodiment, with gasification furnace The corresponding fire grate of air compartment 107 of 103 first halfs, driving means, as the dryer section of 103 siege 105 of gasification furnace, with gasification The corresponding fire grate of a latter half of air compartment 107 of stove 103, driving means are used as the gasification section of 103 siege 105 of gasification furnace.Gasification The dryer section, gasification section of 103 siege 105 of stove can be respectively adopted 1-2 independent 107 air feed of air compartment, it is also possible to respectively Using 3-4 independent 107 air feed of air compartment.Certainly, fire grate, driving means and an air compartment 107 can not also be correspondingly arranged, Moving hearth 105 on bed of material movement and air distribution relation is preferably adjusted.Incinerator 104 can be using 1-4 independent First air 107 air feed of room, burns rear lime-ash and excludes from slag notch, enter next step treatment process.
Windrow seal section 108 is provided between the feed hopper 102, gasification furnace 103, and 106 work of garbage pusher device enters the place that puts in place In windrow seal section 108, garbage raw material is put into from feed hopper 102 and falls, and garbage pusher device 106 is retreated, then is advanced, reciprocal many Secondary pusher forms windrow in windrow seal section 108, makes 103 entrance of gasification furnace in windrow sealing state, strengthens gasification furnace 103 close Envelope effect, solves garbage pusher device 106 and the easy leakage problem of feed hopper 102.When needing complete prepurging to dispose all rubbish, The forward impelling half stroke again of garbage pusher device 106, rubbish is pushed completely in gasification furnace 103, loses 103 entrance of gasification furnace Windrow sealing effectiveness.Leave transition to fall slag section 109 on 101 part of grate between the gasification furnace 103 and incinerator 104, institute State the transition slag section 109 that falls and residue pusher 110 is provided with, for the rubbish residue fallen in gasification furnace 103 is pushed incinerator In 104, the transition slag section 109 that falls can be at windrow sealing state when rubbish residue is piled up, and strengthen 103 sealing effectiveness of gasification furnace, Solve the problems, such as string wind between gasification furnace 103, incinerator 104.In the present embodiment, the transition falls in slag section 109 to being provided with can The isolating door 111 of opening and closing, the isolating door 111 are used for separating gasification furnace 103, incinerator 104.The furnace lifting initial stage or need control When wind is altered between gasification furnace processed 103 and incinerator, close isolating door 111, stack a certain amount of residue when the slag section that falls and form windrow After sealing, isolating door 111 can be kept to open, the residue pusher 110 arranged with lower section is coordinated to use, continuous to realize rubbish Gasification burning is processed.
, respectively in the shape that arches upward, the face arch of the gasification furnace 103 is for the upper end of the gasification furnace 103, the upper end of incinerator 104 Flat construction, or, the face arch of gasification furnace 103 is inclined upwardly structure for rear end.The vault of the gasification furnace 103 arranges the first cigarette Gas outlet 112, the vault of the incinerator 104 arrange the second exhanst gas outlet 113, the arching upward, burn of 103 upper end of the gasification furnace Igniting combustion supporting hole 114 is respectively equipped with the arching upward of 104 upper end of stove.Gasification flue gas is from the first exhanst gas outlet 112, the second exhanst gas outlet 113 exclude, and 103 furnace cavity of gasification furnace is compared with traditional incinerator, relatively reduced;Forward and backward arch and moving hearth 105 Relative position diminishes, and reduces the space of incinerator occupancy, is also easier to insulation, reduces the amount of leakage of heat, be conducive to rubbish Rubbish fully gasifies.Secondary confession air port 115 is respectively provided with the face arch of the gasification furnace 103, rear arch.
The circulation air feed system includes dust arrester 201, the first blower fan 202, the second blower fan 203, in the present embodiment, institute Dust arrester 201 is stated for cyclone separator or hot precipitator 421, first blower fan 202 is high-temperature blower, described second Blower fan 203 is air blast.The inlet end of the dust arrester 201 is connected with the second exhanst gas outlet 113 by pipeline, the dedusting The outlet side of device 201 is connected with the inlet end of the first blower fan 202 by pipeline, the outlet side connection of first blower fan 202 The house steward of the first manifold 204, the arm of first manifold 204 respectively with the lower section of 103 moving hearth of gasification furnace each once The smoke inlet 303 in each secondary confession air port 115 and cyclone dust removal room 3 on air compartment 107, gasification furnace 103 is connected, and described first The first regulating valve 207 is respectively provided with each arm of manifold 204, and the air inlet of second blower fan 203 is connected with material pit air Logical, the foul smell distributed in material pit can be absorbed, the gas outlet of second blower fan 203 connects the house steward of the second manifold 205, institute State the arm of the second manifold 205 respectively with 104 moving hearth of incinerator below each air compartment 107 and dust arrester 201 Inlet end, outlet side connection, be respectively provided with the second regulating valve 208 on each arm of second manifold 205.Also include the 3rd Manifold 206, the house steward of the 3rd manifold 206 are connected with the gas outlet of the second blower fan 203, each of the 3rd manifold 206 Pipe is connected for air port 305 with some combustion airs respectively, is respectively provided with the 3rd regulating valve 209 on each arm of the 3rd manifold 206.Institute State and air preheater 424 in furnace chamber c404, be provided with, in the present embodiment, air preheater 424 is located at the downstream of economizer 418, The air inlet of the outlet side connection air preheater 424 of second blower fan 203, the gas outlet connection the of air preheater 424 The house steward of two manifolds 206, the house steward of the 3rd manifold 206 are connected with the gas outlet of air preheater 424.
103 First air of gasification furnace is that the flue gas generation certain pressure of high-temperature blower extraction incinerator 104 blasts gasification furnace 103 In the corresponding air compartment 107 in 105 lower section of stoker fired grate formula moving hearth, then by an air holes spray on moving hearth 105 Rubbish is shot through, is gasified, wind supply quantity is adjusted by the first regulating valve 207 on each arm of correspondence.103 Secondary Air of gasification furnace Be high-temperature blower extract incinerator 104 flue gas produce certain pressure blast 103 burner hearth of gasification furnace, its spray-hole is arranged on gasification On 103 face arch of stove and rear arch.Secondary confession air port 115 is provided with forward and backward arch, gasification efficiency is improved, strengthen macromolecule in flue gas Substance decomposition.Igniting combustion supporting hole 114 is had on rear arch, and in furnace lifting, baker and stable gasification furnace 103, temperature is used, by correspondence The first regulating valve 207 on each arm adjusts wind supply quantity.The air inlet of second blower fan 203 and material pit atmosphere, the The air that two blower fans 203 are blasted can be cold wind or the hot blast after heating.The gas outlet connection the of second blower fan 203 The house steward of two manifolds 205, the arm of second manifold 205 each First air respectively with 104 moving hearth of incinerator, 105 lower section The inlet end of room 107 and dust arrester 201, outlet side connection, are respectively provided with second on each arm of second manifold 205 Regulating valve 208.104 First air of incinerator is that air blast blasts the air of certain pressure under stoker fired grate formula moving hearth 105 In the corresponding air compartment 107 in side, then by an air holes spray penetration residue on moving hearth 105, residual burning is carried out, Wind supply quantity is adjusted by the first regulating valve 207 on each arm of correspondence.The inlet end of dust arrester 201, the air intake of outlet side are Temperature adjustment air feed, temperature adjustment air feed are that the air of certain pressure is blasted incinerator 104 and exports (i.e. cyclone inlet) by air blast Temperature adjustment is carried out, meanwhile, Cyclone outlet (i.e. high-temperature blower entrance) blasts further temperature adjustment, by each arm of correspondence First regulating valve 207 adjusts wind supply quantity.
Circulation air feed system to the waste disposal method after stoker fired grate formula refuse gasification incinerator air feed, the method press with Lower step is carried out:
Step A, closing stoker fired grate formula refuse gasification incinerator 1 and the gate of atmospheric vent, start mechanical grate-type rubbish Rubbish incinerator 1, garbage raw material is put into feed hopper 102, and the pusher back and forth of garbage pusher device 106 will be from feed hopper 102 The garbage raw material for falling pushes the windrow seal section 108 between feed hopper 102, gasification furnace 103, is formed windrow seal section 108 Windrow sealing state, unnecessary rubbish fall into the moving hearth 105 of gasification furnace 103, and the moving hearth 105 of gasification furnace 103 works, Rubbish is conveyed into transition fall slag section 109, the pusher back and forth of residue pusher 110, the transition rubbish in slag section 109 that falls is pushed away Enter in incinerator 104, the work conveying garbage of moving hearth 105 of incinerator 104, until rubbish is in gasification furnace 103, incinerator 104 moving hearth 105 is accumulated to required thickness:0.6-0.8m, during baker, the rubbish that is piled up can protect mobile stove Bed 105, prevents scaling loss siege 105.Stop feeding intake to feed hopper 102, the moving hearth 105 of gasification furnace 103 and incinerator 104 stops Only work, then, with start-up burner by the igniting combustion supporting hole 114 of gasification furnace 103 and incinerator 104 respectively with gasification furnace 103 and the burner hearth of incinerator 104 communicate, in the presence of start-up burner, gasification furnace 103 and incinerator 104 are carried out furnace lifting, Baker, treats that this process stabilization is completed, and makes gasification furnace 103 and 104 burner hearth of incinerator reach 600-700 DEG C of predetermined temperature;Baker Purpose be in order to remove the Natural Water in lining and the crystallization water, in order to avoid when going into operation as furnace temperature rises too fast, moisture content is a large amount of Expansion causes body of heater spalling, bubbling or deformation even furnace wall to collapse, and affects intensity and the service life of heating furnace furnace wall.
Step B, startup adjust circulation air feed system 2, adjust gasification furnace 103, incinerator 104 and circulation air feed system 2 Technological parameter (pusher speed, fire grate speed, wind-warm syndrome, blast and an air quantity, secondary air temperature, blast and air quantity, furnace temperature, Negative pressure, thickness of feed layer etc. in stove), feed intake to feed hopper 102, the work conveying garbage of moving hearth 105 of gasification furnace 103, rubbish Burning is proceeded by the burner hearth of gasification furnace 103, and rubbish residue is piled up at transition falls slag section 109 to form windrow sealing, makes The stove chamber inner combustion state temperature of gasification furnace 103 is stabilized to more than 850 DEG C, the work output combustion of moving hearth 105 of incinerator 104 Rubbish residue after cinder.
Step C, each technological parameter for adjusting gasification furnace 103, incinerator 104 and circulating air feed system 2 (pusher speed Negative pressure, thickness of feed layer in degree, fire grate speed, wind-warm syndrome, blast and an air quantity, secondary air temperature, blast and air quantity, furnace temperature, stove Deng), gasification furnace 103 gradually gasifies to rubbish, and gasification temperature is stable between 700-800 DEG C, so that gasification furnace 103 is stably produced The raw high-temperature flue gas containing 10%-20% synthesis gas, it is equal that 103 vaporized state of gasification furnace stably carries out low temperature, middle temperature or high-temperature gasification Can.Make 104 fired state temperature stabilization of incinerator to more than 850 DEG C, realize rubbish continuous gasification burning disposal;Need to adjust simultaneously Each technological parameter of cyclone dust removal room 3, makes 304 temperature stabilization of the 3rd exhanst gas outlet of cyclone dust removal room 3 to more than 850 DEG C.
Step D, need to overhaul or during blowing out, stop feeding intake, adjust gasification furnace 103, incinerator 104 and circulation air feed system 2 technological parameter, makes gasification furnace 103 be gradually restored to fired state, after rubbish and rubbish residue burn, closes stoker fired grate Formula refuse gasification incinerator 1 and circulation air feed system 2.Each technological parameter of cyclone dust removal room 3 need to be adjusted simultaneously, make gasification furnace 103 are gradually restored to fired state.
Finally illustrate, preferred embodiment above is only unrestricted in order to the technical solution of the utility model to be described, to the greatest extent Pipe is described in detail to the utility model by above preferred embodiment, but those skilled in the art should manage Solution, can make various changes, in the form and details without departing from the utility model claims institute to which The scope of restriction.

Claims (10)

1. a kind of refuse gasification combustion gas of humid air turbine and steam turbine combined generating system, burn system including refuse gasification System, steam generator system, electricity generation system, the steam generator system have drum, superheater, it is characterised in that:The electricity generation system includes Blender, air compressor, synthesis flue gas compressor, synthesis smoke combustion room, turbine a, turbine b, steam turbine, generator A, generator b, waste heat boiler and feedwater input system, the side wall of the blender are provided with first entrance, second entrance, institute The bottom for stating blender is provided with delivery port, and the top of the blender is provided with venthole, the first entrance connection of the blender The saturated vapor outlet of drum, the gas outlet of the second entrance connection air compressor of the blender, the air compressor Air inlet and atmosphere, the blender delivery port connection drum water inlet, the blender venthole connection The air intake of superheater, the venthole output high pressure superheated steam of the superheater, the venthole connection turbine of the superheater The air inlet of machine a, the turbine a and generator a power connector, high pressure superheated steam promote turbine a to generate electricity, turbine a Gas outlet connection waste heat boiler, the Waste gas outlet of the air inlet connection steam generator system of the flue gas compressor, flue gas calms the anger Not using complete high-pressure synthesis flue gas, the air inlet of the synthesis smoke combustion room connects the gas outlet output steam generator system of machine respectively The gas outlet of cigarette receiving air pressure mechanism of qi, the gas outlet of air compressor, by pressure-air and high-pressure synthesis flue gas input synthesis flue gas The indoor mixed combustion of burning, the air inlet of the gas outlet connection turbine b of smoke combustion room, the turbine b and generator b are moved Power connects, and high-temperature flue gas promote turbine b to generate electricity, the gas outlet connection waste heat boiler of turbine b, the waste heat boiler go out vapour Mouth connection steam turbine, the steam turbine and generator b power connector, the high pressure superheated steam pushing turbine that waste heat boiler is discharged Generate electricity, the discharge outlet connection feedwater input system of the waste heat boiler, the discharge outlet connection feedwater input system of steam turbine, described Feedwater input system is supplied water to steam generator system, waste heat boiler.
2. a kind of refuse gasification combustion gas of humid air turbine according to claim 1 and steam turbine combined generating system, It is characterized in that:Condenser that the feedwater input system includes to be sequentially connected in series by pipeline, water pump, oxygen-eliminating device, booster water pump, The discharge outlet of the waste heat boiler is connected between water pump, oxygen-eliminating device by pipeline, passes through moisturizing between the water pump, oxygen-eliminating device Pipeline connects water source, and the water inlet of the condenser connects the discharge outlet of steam turbine, the water outlet of the booster water pump by pipeline Mouth connects the carbonated drink import of steam generator system and waste heat boiler by pipeline.
3. a kind of refuse gasification combustion gas of humid air turbine according to claim 1 and steam turbine combined generating system, It is characterized in that:The air compressor, turbine a, generator a power connector successively, and synchronous axial system;The synthesis flue gas Compressor, turbine b, steam turbine, generator b power connector successively, and synchronous axial system.
4. a kind of refuse gasification combustion gas of humid air turbine according to claim 1 and steam turbine combined generating system, It is characterized in that:The steam generator system includes boiler body, and the boiler body has cyclone dust removal room, furnace chamber a, furnace chamber b, institute The lower end for stating cyclone dust removal room arranges smoke inlet, and the smoke inlet of cyclone dust removal room is connected with refuse gasification CIU, rotation Wind dirt pocket upper end is the 3rd exhanst gas outlet, and the 3rd exhanst gas outlet of cyclone dust removal room upper end is connected with the upper end of furnace chamber a, described Furnace chamber a, the lower end connection of furnace chamber b, the upper end of the furnace chamber b arrange waste gas outlet, in the cyclone dust removal room circumferentially arranged with Water-cooling wall in a ring, is provided with described superheater, is provided with evaporimeter, the top of boiler body in furnace chamber b in the furnace chamber a End arranges described drum, and the cyclone dust removal room, furnace chamber a, furnace chamber b are respectively positioned on below drum, and the drum is provided with carbonated drink Import, is provided with water separator in drum, for separating steam water interface, drum connects water-cooling wall by the first down-comer Water inlet, for exporting the water that water separator is isolated, drum connects the water inlet of evaporimeter by the second down-comer, uses In the water that output water separator is isolated, the water-cooling wall, the venthole of evaporimeter connect drum by steam pipe respectively Air intake, for the high-temperature steam that flows back.
5. a kind of refuse gasification combustion gas of humid air turbine according to claim 4 and steam turbine combined generating system, It is characterized in that:The boiler body has furnace chamber c, and the upper end of the furnace chamber c is connected with the waste gas outlet of furnace chamber b upper end, stove The lower end of room c arranges Waste gas outlet, the Waste gas outlet connection flue gas purification system of the furnace chamber c, the gas cleaning system Thick cleaning system that system includes to be sequentially connected, booster fan, fine purifiation deduster, flue gas after purification feed synthesis flue gas and calm the anger Machine.
6. a kind of refuse gasification combustion gas of humid air turbine according to claim 5 and steam turbine combined generating system, It is characterized in that:The thick cleaning system includes aeration tower and deduster, and the fine purifiation deduster adopts Lei Shi Venturi scrubbing System, including Venturi scrubber and cyclone separator, the aeration tower connects the Waste gas outlet of furnace chamber c, and aeration tower is exported Connection deduster, then deep purifying made by entrance fine purifiation deduster after being pressurized by booster fan.
7. a kind of refuse gasification combustion gas of humid air turbine according to claim 5 and steam turbine combined generating system, It is characterized in that:Economizer is provided with the furnace chamber c, and the water inlet of the economizer is connected with the delivery port of feedwater input system Logical, the carbonated drink inlet communication of the delivery port of the economizer and drum.
8. a kind of refuse gasification combustion gas of humid air turbine according to claim 5 and steam turbine combined generating system, It is characterized in that:The refuse gasification CIU includes incinerator, circulation air feed system, and the incinerator includes Grate, and feed hopper, gasification furnace and the incinerator set gradually along feedstock direction on grate, the rear of gasification furnace is gasification The cinder notch that falls of stove, incinerator fall positioned at gasification furnace the front lower place of cinder notch, and the rear of incinerator is the slag notch of incinerator, the stove Frame is provided with garbage pusher device, and the garbage pusher device is located at the lower section of feed hopper, for the rubbish in feed hopper is pushed gas Change in stove, being respectively arranged below with for the lower section of gasification furnace moving hearth and incinerator moving hearth at least one is independently arranged Air compartment, is provided with windrow seal section between the feed hopper, gasification furnace, the grate part between the gasification furnace and incinerator On leave transition and fall slag section, the transition slag section that falls is provided with residue pusher, for the rubbish residue that will be fallen in gasification furnace Push in incinerator, the transition falls in slag section and is provided with isolating door to be opened/closed, the isolating door is used for gasification furnace, burns Stove separates;The gasification furnace, incinerator include furnace shell, moving hearth respectively, and the forward and backward side of the gasification furnace passes through windrow respectively Seal section, transition fall slag section sealing, the transition fall slag section isolation gasification furnace, incinerator, make gasification furnace, incinerator mutually only Vertical;The gasification furnace, incinerator are respectively provided with secondary confession air port, institute respectively in the shape that arches upward on the face arch of the gasification furnace, rear arch The vault for stating gasification furnace arranges the first exhanst gas outlet, and the smoke inlet of the cyclone dust removal room is connected with the first exhanst gas outlet, institute The vault for stating incinerator arranges the second exhanst gas outlet, is respectively equipped with igniting combustion supporting hole on the gasification furnace, incinerator;
The circulation air feed system includes dust arrester, the first blower fan, the second blower fan, and the inlet end of the dust arrester is by pipe Road is connected with the second exhanst gas outlet, and the outlet side of the dust arrester is connected with the inlet end of the first blower fan by pipeline, described The outlet side of the first blower fan connects the house steward of the first manifold, the arm of first manifold respectively with gasification furnace moving hearth under The smoke inlet connection in each secondary confession air port and cyclone dust removal room on each air compartment of side, gasification furnace, first discrimination The first regulating valve, the air inlet of second blower fan and atmosphere is respectively provided with each arm of pipe, second blower fan Gas outlet connects the house steward of the second manifold, the arm of second manifold respectively with incinerator moving hearth below each First air The inlet end of room and dust arrester, outlet side connection, are respectively provided with the second regulating valve, institute on each arm of second manifold State cyclone dust removal room and be provided with some combustion airs and air port is supplied, some combustion airs are located at smoke inlet, the 3rd flue gas for air port Between outlet, also include the 3rd manifold, the house steward of the 3rd manifold is connected with the gas outlet of the second blower fan, the 3rd manifold Each arm connect for air port with some combustion airs respectively, be respectively provided with the 3rd regulating valve on each arm of the 3rd manifold.
9. a kind of refuse gasification combustion gas of humid air turbine according to claim 8 and steam turbine combined generating system, It is characterized in that:Be provided with common slag notch below the furnace chamber a, furnace chamber b, the lower end of the cyclone dust removal room be provided with to The taper slag notch that lower radius diminishes, the common slag notch, taper slag notch are connected with the burner hearth of gasification furnace respectively.
10. a kind of refuse gasification combustion gas of humid air turbine according to claim 8 and steam turbine combined generating system, It is characterized in that:Air preheater, the air inlet of the outlet side connection air preheater of second blower fan is provided with the furnace chamber c Mouthful, the gas outlet of air preheater connects the house steward of the second manifold.
CN201621036895.5U 2016-09-05 2016-09-05 A kind of refuse gasification combustion gas of humid air turbine and steam turbine combined generating system Withdrawn - After Issue CN206001479U (en)

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106287735A (en) * 2016-09-05 2017-01-04 重庆科技学院 The refuse gasification combustion gas of a kind of humid air turbine and steam turbine combined generating system

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106287735A (en) * 2016-09-05 2017-01-04 重庆科技学院 The refuse gasification combustion gas of a kind of humid air turbine and steam turbine combined generating system
CN106287735B (en) * 2016-09-05 2018-03-27 重庆科技学院 A kind of refuse gasification combustion gas of humid air turbine and steam turbine combined generating system

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