CN205976695U - Integrated configuration of chimney and water tower - Google Patents

Integrated configuration of chimney and water tower Download PDF

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Publication number
CN205976695U
CN205976695U CN201620960314.0U CN201620960314U CN205976695U CN 205976695 U CN205976695 U CN 205976695U CN 201620960314 U CN201620960314 U CN 201620960314U CN 205976695 U CN205976695 U CN 205976695U
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chimney
water tank
shell
combinative structure
structure according
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CN201620960314.0U
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郝利伟
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Huatian Engineering and Technology Corp MCC
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Huatian Engineering and Technology Corp MCC
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Abstract

The utility model provides an integrated configuration of chimney and water tower, including chimney and water tank, the chimney includes chimney basis and fixes the chimney section of thick bamboo wall on the chimney basis, be provided with a plurality of preformed holes on the chimney section of thick bamboo wall, the surface of chimney section of thick bamboo wall is provided with annular bracket, the internal surface of chimney section of thick bamboo wall is provided with the ring beam, the annular bracket with the ring beam passes through the preformed hole adopts the drawknot muscle to connect, the water tank is located on the annular bracket. Chimney and water tower integrated configuration become a whole with two monomer structural grouping on chimney and the water tower for combination structural engineering volume is reduced than two monomer engineering total amounts, and the investment reduces.

Description

Chimney and the combinative structure of water tower
Technical field
This utility model is related to chimney and water tower technical field of construction, more specifically, is related to a kind of chimney and water tower Combinative structure.
Background technology
In industrial building at home, as important structures in producing, its effect is irreplaceable for chimney and water tower.Water Tower is mainly used in building feedwater, adjustment water, maintains necessary hydraulic pressure and play the effect of precipitation and safe water.Much large-scale Steel plant and some production plants, be that deduction and exemption accident and fire occur, if accident water tower can play the effect of key.In order to Meet the needs of production water supply and water storage, larger to moisture storage capacity requirement typically ratio, conventional all accomplishes more than 300m3, often all Accomplish 500m3 or bigger.And since《National standard drawings 945844》Since abrogating, for the water tower design of more than 300m3, no matter Need from construction drawing, or check of drawings needs, then using the construction drawing voluntarily calculating and design, and can not can only directly quote this again Domain collection.
Though in recent years, most area is substituted high-order water tower by the no advanced facility such as tower watering machine at home, Some poor and backward, groundwater resources shortage countries and regions external still need to build.With the fast development of Building Trade in China, Numerous domestic building enterprise has gone abroad, and to building industry, underdeveloped country strives for construction market share.
At present, the inverted cone water tower of most unit designs and chimney are monomer structure, according to standard drawing《Reinforcing bar mixes Solidifying soil chimney》(05G212),《Reinforced Concrete Shell insulating water tower》(04S801),《Reinforced Concrete Shell is not incubated Water tower》(04S802) water tower, designing is also roughly the same with chimney profile.
Chimney and water tower have that structure is thick as monomer project compared with ordinary reinforced concrete, the bodily form is big, reinforcing bar is close, Concrete quantity is many, and engineering specifications is complicated and the high feature of construction technical requirement.In process of construction put into material cost and Technical costss are all very high:
First, excavation of foundation pit earth volume is very big, in the complicated area of foundation condition in addition it is also necessary to carry out basement process.Basis Sectional dimension is larger, and amount of concrete typically, all more than 1000 cubes, is released in cement hydration process during concrete hardening Temperature change and concrete shrinkage produced by the heat of hydration put, and the collective effect of external constraint condition and the temperature that produces Stress and shrinkage stress, are the principal elements leading to large volume concrete structural crack, and this is also base concrete construction Try hard to evade;
Secondly, chimney and water tower are tall and slender structure, the scaffold of basic top tube structure and form work engineering, and reinforcing bar is tied up Pricking concreting is all to complete in the air in height, and difficulty of construction is larger, long construction period, and the technical merit of construction enterprises is required Higher;
Finally, water tank is typically prefabricated using ground, and the construction method that hydraulic pressure lift puts in place is constructed, whole slinger Skill:Steel perimeter beam jack installation → suspension rod positioning → hydraulic test is in place → and water tank initial rise → water tank normal hoisting → hang hanging basket → platform spirit → water tank hoisting is in place → temporary support steel bracket → pour ring flat-plate concrete → maintenance form removal → lifting machinery is installed And equipment Removal is it is seen that water tank hoisting is complicated.
Utility model content
This utility model is in order to solve above-mentioned technical problem present in prior art and to make, and its object is to provide A kind of structure is simple, the combinative structure of the chimney of easy construction and water tower.
To achieve these goals, this utility model provides the combinative structure of a kind of chimney and water tower, including chimney and water Case, described chimney includes chimney raft and the chimney wall being fixed on chimney raft, described chimney wall is provided with multiple Preformed hole, the outer surface of described chimney wall is provided with annular bracket, and the inner surface setting of described chimney wall has ring beam, described Annular bracket is connected using tension rib by described preformed hole with described ring beam, and described water tank is located on described annular bracket.
Described combinative structure, wherein, described water tank includes shell, the upper ring beam being connected to shell two ends and lower ring, Described lower ring is fixedly attached on described annular bracket.
Described combinative structure, wherein, described water tank also includes inner core, is arranged on outer surface and the position of described chimney wall In in described inside the shell, one end is fixedly connected on described lower ring, and the other end is less than described upper ring beam.
Described combinative structure, wherein, the shell bottom that shell top that described shell includes being connected with upper ring beam is connected with lower ring And connect the middle ring beam at shell top and shell bottom.
Described combinative structure, wherein, described shell top is in positive taper, and described shell bottom is in inverted cone.
Described combinative structure, wherein, described shell top is provided with water inlet.
Described combinative structure, wherein, described shell top is provided with air vent.
Described combinative structure, wherein, described chimney wall thickness inconsistent up and down it is preferable that described chimney bottom extremely The chimney wall thickness of water tank top surface level section is 350mm;More than water tank top surface absolute altitude paramount 10 meters of chimneys of water tank top surface Wall thickness is 200mm, and high 10~20 meters of chimney wall thickness of water tank top surface are 180mm, 20~30 meters of high water tank top surface Chimney wall thickness is 160mm.
Described combinative structure, wherein, the top of described chimney wall is provided with vent.
Chimney and two monomer structures of water tower are combined into one by chimney described in the utility model and water tower combinative structure So that combinative structure quantities reduces compared with two monomer engineering totals, investment reduces entirety.
In addition, above-mentioned chimney and water tower combinative structure, chimney wall as while chimney can as a cylinder of water tank, Chimney wall exterior annular bracket is connected by tension rib with ring beam inside chimney wall, shared cisten mechanism and institute's water storage Load, and this load is passed to chimney wall.
Brief description
By reference to the content of detailed description below and combine accompanying drawing, other purposes of the present utility model and result Will be more apparent and should be readily appreciated that.In the accompanying drawings:
Fig. 1 is chimney described in the utility model and the schematic diagram of water tower combinative structure;
Fig. 2 is water tank described in the utility model and the enlarged drawing of chimney binding site;
Fig. 3 be in Fig. 2 A-A to sectional view;
Fig. 4 is the sectional view of B-B direction in Fig. 2.
In the accompanying drawings, identical reference indicates similar or corresponding feature or function.
Specific embodiment
In the following description, for purposes of illustration, in order to provide the comprehensive understanding to one or more embodiments, explain Many details are stated.It may be evident, however, that these embodiments can also be realized in the case of not having these details. In other examples, for the ease of describing one or more embodiments, known structure and equipment illustrate in block form an.
Come below with reference to accompanying drawings to be described in detail to according to each embodiment of the present utility model.
Fig. 1 is chimney described in the utility model and the schematic diagram of water tower combinative structure, and Fig. 2 is water tank described in the utility model With the enlarged drawing of chimney binding site, Fig. 3 be in Fig. 2 A-A to sectional view, Fig. 4 is the sectional view of B-B direction in Fig. 2, such as Fig. 1- Shown in 4, described chimney and water tower combinative structure 100 include chimney 110 and water tank 120, and described chimney 110 includes chimney raft 111 and the chimney wall 112 that is fixed on chimney raft 111, described chimney wall 112 is provided with multiple preformed holes and (does not show Go out), the outer surface of described chimney wall 112 is provided with annular bracket 130, and the inner surface setting of described chimney wall 112 has ring Beam 140, described annular bracket 130 is connected using tension rib by described preformed hole with described ring beam 140,120, described water tank On described annular bracket 130.
Preferably, described chimney wall 112 top is provided with vent 113.
Above-mentioned chimney and water tower combinative structure, chimney 110 and water tank 120 are combined, can save the area close to 40% with On;Ensureing reasonable stress, on the premise of structure safety, comparing conventional water tower and the concrete of two monomer structures of chimney is total Amount, saves nearly 30%;Affiliated facility, such as steel platform, outer swabbing consumption, chimney therefore described in the utility model can also be reduced With water tower combinative structure can energy saving, improve environment, promote sustainable economic development, have good Business Economic Benefit and Significantly social benefit.
As illustrated in fig. 1, it is preferred that described chimney wall 112 thickness is inconsistent up and down, further it is preferable that described chimney 110 bottoms are 350mm to chimney wall 112 thickness of water tank 120 top surface level section;More than water tank 120 top surface absolute altitude paramount 10 meters of chimney wall 112 thickness of water tank 120 top surface are 200mm, and high water tank 10~20 meters of chimney walls of 120 top surface 112 are thick Spend for 180mm, high 20~30 meters of chimney wall 112 thickness of water tank 120 top surface are 160mm, can support water tank ensure that Chimney materials are saved while 120.
As shown in Fig. 2 in order that water tank fixation is it is preferable that described water tank 120 includes shell 121, is connected to shell The upper ring beam 122 at 121 two ends and lower ring 123, described shell 121 is provided with water inlet 124 (Fig. 3 illustrates), described lower ring Beam 123 is fixedly attached on described annular bracket, and described upper ring beam 122 is coordinated with described chimney wall 112 gap.
Preferably, the shell bottom that the shell top 121a that described shell 121 includes being connected with upper ring beam 122 is connected with lower ring 123 121b and the middle ring beam 124 connecting shell top 121a and shell bottom 121b, it is further preferred that described water inlet 125 is arranged on shell Top 121a, in addition can arrange multiple air vents 126 on described shell top 121a.
Further it is preferable that described shell top 121a is in positive taper, described shell bottom 121b is in inverted cone.
The volume of above-mentioned water tank can adjust according to the radius at shell bottom and high flexible.
In order to prevent water in water tank 120 from penetrating in chimney 110 by chimney wall 112 it is preferable that as shown in Fig. 2 Described water tank 120 also includes inner core 127, is arranged on the outside of described chimney wall 112 and is located in described shell 121, one End is fixedly connected on described lower ring 123, and the other end is less than described upper ring beam 122.
Build the construction method of above-mentioned chimney and water tower structure, including:
Step 1, chimney raft is constructed, including:Dig foundation ditch, set up chimney raft template in foundation ditch, using steel pipe Support described template, carry out concreting, stay and set chimney raft structure centre fixing point, to control sliding formwork equipment assembling position Put and chimney wall 112 perpendicularity is it is preferable that described template is plank sheathing, in addition, in described concreting is overweight, leading to Cross interpolation concrete admixture or pre-buried condensate pipe reduce temperature change and concrete shrinkage produced by hydration heat of cement, Avoid base concrete structure that crack occurs;Chimney raft top surface timber-used level gauge carries out concrete surface control, to ensure its water Flat.
Step 2, chimney wall is constructed, and using slding form operation method, chimney wall is constructed, wherein, sets on chimney wall Put multiple preformed holes and built-in fitting, built-in fitting is welded on the arrangement of reinforcement of chimney wall, outer surface does not project chimney construction template, Realize the flexible connection of chimney wall and upper ring beam it can also be used to cat ladder and inspection platform etc. are it is preferable that chimney wall construction is used Template adopts steel form;
Step 3, the annular bracket outside chimney construction barrel and the ring beam inside chimney wall;
Step 4, water tank is constructed, and sets up template according to water tank shape, applied using concreting on described annular bracket Work;
Step 5, chimney lining is constructed, and inner wall of stack anticorrosive paint is constructed.
Wherein, described construction method for chimney wall includes:
Step 1, hydraulic slip-form equipment assembles, including:Climbing form is adjusted to suitable for reading little, lower mouth is big, described sliding Upper enclosure and lower enclosure are set outside template, and the distance suitable for reading of upper measurement circle remote template is not more than 250mm, and operating platform passes through supporting Bar is welded into entirety with upper enclosure and lower enclosure, and hoisting frame is welded on described operation bottom surface, and described deduction frame is by crossbeam and to stand " П " font frame that post is constituted, each hoisting frame installs a hydraulic jack, and described hoisting frame is symmetrically arranged along barrel, Avoid the position at hole it is preferable that upper enclosure and lower enclosure adopt channel-section steel to make, described support bar adopts 48 × 3.5mm steel pipe, Described operating platform adopts channel-section steel to make, upper berth sheeting caps;
Step 2, sliding formwork lifting and concreting, configure to pour and use concrete, concrete mould unloading strength controls 0.2MPa~0.4MPa, the concrete strength at 1m below mouth under climbing form reaches 1MPa;First time casting concrete is layered Pour, each casting concrete should along chimney wall layering, hand over circle carry out, lift height 200mm~300mm, sliding speed with 200mm~300mm per hour, sliding during, reinforcing bar binding, support rod spreading, hole formwork, embedded part pipe laying, concrete pour Build alternately, jack synchronously climbs, the maximum elevation difference of each jack must not exceed 40mm, thousand on adjacent two hoisting frames The jin top mark discrepancy in elevation cannot be greater than 20mm, and the every 250mm~500mm of support rod sets limiting card leveling;
Step 3, preformed hole and built-in fitting:Indwelling preformed hole and built-in fitting when the sliding setting position to chimney wall, in advance Embedded part is welded with chimney wall arrangement of reinforcement, and built-in fitting appearance non-bulging template face is exposed after depanning;
Step 4, buries, at chimney wall top, the construction that ironware is used for superstructure, with the frame of channel steel support top construction Body, reserved beard muscle, template indwelling should be close to, root is welded with chimney wall arrangement of reinforcement, cleans out in time, and repair after depanning Concrete surface.
Preferably, above-mentioned construction method for chimney wall also includes:
Plan-position controls:During chimney raft construction, determine central point, after stage+module is good, platform is found out two Datum mark and a centre point, with the basis of position control point corresponding, when sliding with line pendant and vertical instrument check whether there is Displacement, the phenomenon such as twisted;
Satisfactory after correcting:With platform inclination method, change pouring order of concrete and supporting method;
Entangle torsion method:Entangle torsion method, the method such as jack cushioning iron plate using double jack.
Wherein, described water tank 120 construction includes:
Step 1, obconical bottom application work, using the supporting of full hall steel pipe support, straight batten is in that umbrella frame shape is arranged, under End is supported on lower ring, and upper end is attached against on described support.Lay template on established conical surface batten, that is, descend taper seat Formed it is preferable that be made up of using full hall steel pipe support and live material square steel, reinforcing bar, lumps of wood support system;
Step 2, ring beam concreting in water tank;
Step 3, constructing in positive taper shell top, using full framing in water tank, is fixed on many sections on the flat bar of full framing Face is the annular steel bar girder of equilateral triangle, and is bundled in the support system of the lumps of wood composition on truss, in Man Tang Support periphery is additionally arranged horizon bar so as to withstand on lower circular cone surface concrete and the chimney wall concrete having poured, by above-mentioned Reinforcement measure is it is ensured that upper taper seat support safety is reliable it is preferable that the described steel bar girder length of side is 15cm;
Step 4, ring beam concreting on water tank.
Although content disclosed above shows exemplary embodiment of the present utility model, it should be noted that not carrying on the back On the premise of the scope that claim limits, may be many modifications and change.Although additionally, element of the present utility model With the description of individual form or can require, it is also contemplated that having multiple elements, unless explicitly limited for individual element.

Claims (10)

1. it is characterised in that including chimney and water tank, described chimney includes chimney raft to the combinative structure of a kind of chimney and water tower With multiple preformed holes are provided with chimney wall described in the chimney wall being fixed on chimney raft, the outer surface of chimney wall sets It is equipped with annular bracket, the inner surface setting of chimney wall has ring beam, described annular bracket passes through described preformed hole with described ring beam Connected using tension rib, described water tank is located on described annular bracket.
2. combinative structure according to claim 1 is it is characterised in that described water tank includes shell, is connected to shell two ends Upper ring beam and lower ring, described lower ring be fixedly attached to described annular bracket on.
3. combinative structure according to claim 2, it is characterised in that described water tank also includes inner core, is arranged on described cigarette The outer surface of chimney barrel and be located in described inside the shell, one end is fixedly connected on described lower ring, the other end be less than described on Ring beam.
4. combinative structure according to claim 2 it is characterised in that described shell include being connected with upper ring beam shell top, The shell bottom being connected with lower ring and the middle ring beam connecting shell top and shell bottom.
5. it is characterised in that described shell top is in positive taper, described shell bottom is in back taper to combinative structure according to claim 4 Shape.
6. combinative structure according to claim 4 is it is characterised in that be provided with water inlet on described shell top.
7. combinative structure according to claim 4 is it is characterised in that be provided with air vent on described shell top.
8. combinative structure according to claim 1 is it is characterised in that described chimney wall thickness is inconsistent up and down.
9. combinative structure according to claim 8 is it is characterised in that described chimney bottom is to water tank top surface level section Chimney wall thickness is 350mm;More than water tank top surface absolute altitude paramount 10 meters of chimney wall thickness of water tank top surface are 200mm, high 10~20 meters of chimney wall thickness of water tank top surface are 180mm, and high 20~30 meters of chimney wall thickness of water tank top surface are 160mm.
10. combinative structure according to claim 1 is it is characterised in that the top of described chimney wall is provided with vent.
CN201620960314.0U 2016-08-26 2016-08-26 Integrated configuration of chimney and water tower Active CN205976695U (en)

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106193776A (en) * 2016-08-26 2016-12-07 中冶华天工程技术有限公司 Chimney and the combinative structure of water tower and construction method thereof

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106193776A (en) * 2016-08-26 2016-12-07 中冶华天工程技术有限公司 Chimney and the combinative structure of water tower and construction method thereof

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