CN205909194U - Device is used multipurposely to solar energy based on solar energy optic fibre - Google Patents

Device is used multipurposely to solar energy based on solar energy optic fibre Download PDF

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Publication number
CN205909194U
CN205909194U CN201620457768.6U CN201620457768U CN205909194U CN 205909194 U CN205909194 U CN 205909194U CN 201620457768 U CN201620457768 U CN 201620457768U CN 205909194 U CN205909194 U CN 205909194U
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China
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solar energy
bonder
vitreosil
water tank
fresnel lenses
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梁普
吴燕
李淑玉
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Aerospace architectural design and Research Institute Co Ltd
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China Aerospace Construction Group Co Ltd
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/40Solar thermal energy, e.g. solar towers
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/50Photovoltaic [PV] energy
    • Y02E10/52PV systems with concentrators
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E70/00Other energy conversion or management systems reducing GHG emissions
    • Y02E70/30Systems combining energy storage with energy generation of non-fossil origin

Abstract

The utility model provides a device is used multipurposely to solar energy based on solar energy optic fibre includes the comprehensive collector system of solar energy, power generation system, lighting system, heat energy feed system and control system, the utilization is shunted to the solar energy that fresnel lens acquireed to heat -resisting quartz coupler and optic fibre through utilizing solar energy to synthesize the collector system, inserts lighting system, power generation system and heat energy feed system respectively to through setting for specific heat -resisting quartz coupler and fresnel lens's the distance and the tip area of heat -resisting quartz coupler, realize the light energy utilization of maximize, it will be indoor to utilize solar energy optic fibre leaded light lighting system evenly to channel into clean healthy sunshine, and it provides comfortable healthy luminous environment to give other people, solves some regions that need all -weather illumination simultaneously, replaces the electric power on daytime to throw light on, save charges of electricity spending greatly. And take all factors into consideration electricity generation, the heat utilization of solar energy, and improve the comprehensive utilization ratio of solar energy, reduce traditional energy's consumption.

Description

A kind of device is utilized based on the solar energy composite of solar fibre-optical
Technical field
The present invention relates to solar energy composite utilizes field, specifically a kind of solar energy composite profit based on solar fibre-optical Use device.
Background technology
Fast development with China's economy and increasingly serious, energy-saving and emission-reduction, the low-carbon (LC) of energy shortage, problem of environmental pollution Life has become the development trend of all trades and professions.China has abundant solar energy resources, more than 2/3rds areas Solar energy year, total radiation was more than 5.0gj/m2, annual sunshine time was more than 2200 hours.Especially vast North China, northwest Area, sunshine is sufficient, provides good natural conditions for developing solar energy.
Tend to high stratification and densification with urban architecture, only rely on traditional light mode and can not meet building Internal light requires.Especially those relatively low, darkrooms of building and underground storehouse, even fine day, indoor light is also very dim, This is virtually increased artificially lighting electric energy loss, and the people's body and mind to long-term life in the environment and work is good for Health brings harmful effect.
And the sunlight of cleaning health can not only be uniformly introduced interior using solar fibre-optical light-guide illumination system, arbitrarily Change entirety and the partial layout of indoor light, replace the power lighting on daytime, greatly save electricity charge spending, and energy-saving ring Protect, stay indoors and just can fully bathe in the sunshine.
Under energy shortage, the dual-pressure of problem of environmental pollution, comprehensively utilize clean energy resource, minimizing is polluted and can not be again The consumption of the raw energy, is following research emphasis.Visible illumination not only can be considered it is also possible to consider near-infrared in solar energy Line generates electricity, heating, the energy containing is utilized by different device, improve the comprehensive utilization ratio of solar energy in solar energy.Although The technology that current sun optical fibre illumination, solar electrical energy generation, solar energy utilize is fairly perfect, but will illuminate simultaneously, The device that electricity, heat energy utilization consider, rare research.
In the Patents of existing solar fibre-optical light-guide illumination, the drawbacks of have various, such as patent 201020621250.4, in the case that sunlight is unable to direct projection, illuminating effect will be very poor, does not also consider solar thermal energy simultaneously Utilization;Patent 200920277492.3,201220708663.5 does not consider the comprehensive utilization of solar energy, and can not break away from right The consumption of traditional energy;Patent 201120178341.x does not consider to generate electricity, and only considers regarding daily motion track in beam condensing unit simultaneously Tracing, has a lot of limitation, is unable to adjust automatically etc. after error, and needs regularly artificially to adjust the side of tracks of device To.Patent 201320638567.2 is to convert solar energy into electrical energy, and is then illuminated again, so on light-use, damages Lose larger, and solar panel is not completely vertical with sunlight, less efficient on optical energy power.Patent 201510187982.4 not considering the heat energy utilization of solar energy.
Content of the invention
The present invention is directed to the deficiencies in the prior art it is proposed that a kind of solar energy composite based on solar fibre-optical is using dress Put, the utilization of this device can synchronously be realized illumination, generate electricity and heat supply, effectively raise the comprehensive utilization ratio of solar energy, Decrease the consumption of traditional energy.
A kind of solar energy composite based on solar fibre-optical of the present invention utilizes device specific as follows:
Described solar energy composite is arranged on roof or other open area that can make full use of solar energy using device;
Described solar energy composite includes solar energy composite collector systems, electricity generation system, illuminator, heat energy using device Feed system and control system;
Described solar energy composite collector systems include transparent filter ultraviolet shield 1, by multiple Fresnel Lenses 2 shapes The Fresnel Lenses group becoming, synthetical collection device 7, heat-insulated quartz and infrared ray filtering assembly 8, vitreosil bonder 10 and light Fine 11;
Described transparent filter ultraviolet shield 1 is arranged on the top of synthetical collection device 7, mainly isolation rain, snow and dust, with When transparent filter ultraviolet shield 1 on filter antiultraviolet film can ensure that most ultraviolet does not enter synthetical collection device 7 Interior;
Described Fresnel Lenses group is arranged on the oral area of synthetical collection device 7, part Fresnel in described Fresnel Lenses group Lens 2 are used for illuminating, part Fresnel Lenses 2 is used for generating electricity, part Fresnel Lenses 2 is used for heat supply;Described heat-resisting stone In English bonder 10, part vitreosil bonder 10 is used for illuminating, part vitreosil bonder 10 is used for generating electricity, partly resistance to Hot quartz coupler 10 is used for heat supply;Part fiber 11 in described optical fiber 11 is used for illuminating, part fiber 11 is used for sending out Electricity, part fiber 11 are used for heat supply;
Heat-insulated quartz and infrared ray filtering assembly 8 are arranged on 0.7 times of focal length of the Fresnel Lenses 2 for illumination, and Described heat-insulated quartz and infrared ray filtering assembly 8 are corresponded with the Fresnel Lenses 2 for illuminating, and are arranged on synthetical collection The middle part of device 7;The bottom of described synthetical collection device 7 be provided with for illumination vitreosil bonder 10, described for shining Bright vitreosil bonder 10 is corresponded with described Fresnel Lenses 2, and the described vitreosil bonder for illumination The distance away from Fresnel Lenses 2 for 10 end is exactly equal to the focal length of corresponding Fresnel Lenses 2 visible ray, and is used for shining The end area of bright vitreosil bonder 10 is 2 times of the focal spot of described corresponding Fresnel Lenses 2;
Optical fiber 11 one end for illumination is connected with the vitreosil bonder 10 for illumination, and the other end connects to illumination The daylighting region 13 of system;
Described illuminator includes diffusing globe 12, daylighting region 13, LED lamp 14, LED lamp electric wire 15 and accumulator battery 18, Diffusing globe 12 is installed in described daylighting region 13, diffusing globe 12 is arranged on the end of the optical fiber 11 entering daylighting region 13;Institute State and LED lamp 14 is installed in daylighting region 13, LED lamp 14 is connected with accumulator battery 18 by LED lamp electric wire 15, at night or no Method utilizes in the case of sunlight it is ensured that the illumination in daylighting region 13;
Electricity generation system is made up of solar panel electricity generation system and optical fiber electricity generation system;When system is normally run, too Sun can cell panel because constantly keeping with the plumbness of the sun it is ensured that the carrying out of maximal efficiency generates electricity, and by solaode Plate electric current transmission line is charged to accumulator battery;The optical fiber being used in optical fiber electricity generation system generating electricity passes through vitreosil bonder Direct access passes through the solar energy of Fresnel Lenses, and by solar energy collecting to TRT;
Optical fiber 11 for generating electricity passes through the solar energy of Fresnel Lenses 2 by vitreosil bonder 10 direct access, And by solar energy collecting to TRT 22;
Vitreosil bonder 10 direct access for generating electricity passes through the solar energy of Fresnel Lenses 2, for generate electricity Vitreosil bonder 10 is arranged on the bottom of described synthetical collection device 7, and with for a pair of the Fresnel Lenses 2 one that generates electricity Should, and the end of the vitreosil bonder 10 for generating electricity is exactly equal to lead to away from the distance of Fresnel Lenses 2 for generating electricity Cross corresponding Fresnel Lenses 2 ultrared focal length 0.95, for generate electricity vitreosil bonder 10 end Area is 2 times of the focal spot of corresponding Fresnel Lenses 2;
Optical fiber 11 one end for generating electricity is connected with the vitreosil bonder 10 for generating electricity, and the other end connects to generating The convex lenss 21 of system;
Described optical fiber electricity generation system includes convex lenss 21, TRT 22, light sensation power generating component 23, electricity generation system electricity Line 24;It is provided with and its one-to-one convex lens 21 in the end of the optical fiber 11 for generating electricity, simultaneously in Jiao of convex lenss 21 Light sensation power generating component 23 is placed, the area of light sensation power generating component 23 is consistent with the projected area of convex lenss 21, convex lens at point Mirror 21 and light sensation power generating component 23 are each attached in TRT 22, and TRT 22 passes through electricity generation system electric wire 24 and electric power storage Pond group 18 connects;
Solar panel electricity generation system includes solar panel 6 and solar panel electric current transmission line 26, the sun Energy cell panel 6, by being connected with accumulator battery 18, when there being available sunlight, is generated electricity, and accumulator is filled Electricity.
Vitreosil bonder 10 direct access for heat supply passes through Fresnel Lenses 2 solar energy, described is used for The vitreosil bonder 10 of heat supply is arranged on the bottom of synthetical collection device 7, and saturating with the Fresnel for heat supply Mirror 2 corresponds, and is exactly equal to for the distance away from Fresnel Lenses 2 for the end of the vitreosil bonder 10 of heat supply By the 0.75 of the ultrared focal length of corresponding Fresnel Lenses 2, the end area of vitreosil bonder 10 should be 2 times of the focal spot of corresponding Fresnel Lenses 2;
One end for the optical fiber 11 of heat supply is connected with the vitreosil bonder 10 for heat supply, the other end Connect to the convex lenss 21 of heat energy feed system;
Described heat energy feed system includes convex lenss 21, water tank 34, water tank temperature induction apparatuss 35, temperature inductor transmission line 36th, water tank agitator 31, electric heater 32, water tank agitator electric wire 3 and water tank agitator control signal wire 29;Described heat energy supplies Have and the one-to-one convex lenss 21 of optical fiber 11 for heat supply, described water tank 34 to build-in on water tank 34 inwall of system Tap water water inlet pipe 41 is installed on top, and outlet pipe is installed in bottom, and passes through Valve controlling;In water tank 34, water tank temperature is installed Induction apparatuss 35, water tank temperature induction apparatuss 35 pass through temperature inductor transmission line 36 and the ICU 37 of control system connects simultaneously Connect;
Described control system includes gathering bracing frame 9, adapter 20, azimuth system 19, azimuth system control signal Line 28, altitude angle system 33, photovoltaic sensing element 5, altitude angle system control signal wire 38, ICU 37, global location System and local clock;
Described synthetical collection device 7 is arranged on harvester bracing frame 9 by attachment means, the one of harvester bracing frame 9 Side setting height(from bottom) angle system 33, harvester bracing frame 9 is placed in azimuth system 19 by adapter 20, altitude angle system 33 It is connected with ICU 37 by altitude angle system control signal wire 38, azimuth system 19 controls letter by azimuth system Number line 28 is connected with ICU 37, and in ICU 37, integrated global positioning system and local clock, thus form The control system of sunlight synthetical collection device, it is ensured that synthetical collection device 7 can be vertical with sunlight, makes full use of solar energy.
Further, electric heater 32 is installed in described water tank 34, described electric heater 32 and ICU 37 and Municipal administration electricity 40 connection, cannot using solar energy or temperature it cannot be guaranteed that when, preferentially utilize accumulator heating, in accumulator electric-quantity When not enough, using municipal electrical heating.
Further, water tank agitator 31 is installed in described water tank 34 bottom, to ensure that the water in water tank is heated evenly, water tank Agitator 31 is connected with accumulator battery 18 by water tank agitator electric wire 3, and water tank agitator 31 passes through water tank agitator and controls letter Number line 29 is connected with the ICU 37 of control system.
Further, synthetical collection device 7 top perimeter is provided with solar panel 6, in synthetical collection device 7 and solar energy Cell panel 6 junction arranges photovoltaic sensing element 5, and photovoltaic sensing element 5 passes through photovoltaic sensing element holding wire 39 and controls system The ICU 37 of system connects, and described solar panel 6 passes through solar panel electric current transmission line 26 and accumulator battery 18 connections.
Further, the accumulator battery of described illuminator is connected with municipal administration electricity electric wire;The accumulator of described illuminator Group is connected with the ICU 37 of control system;The accumulator battery of described illuminator passes through azimuth system electric wire 17 and side Parallactic angle system 19 connects;The accumulator battery of described illuminator is connected with altitude angle system 33 by altitude angle system electric wire 4.
The having the beneficial effects that of technical scheme of the present invention: 1. utilize vitreosil bonder and optical fiber saturating to Fresnel The solar energy that mirror obtains is shunted, and is respectively connected to illuminator, electricity generation system and heat energy feed system, and special by setting Determine vitreosil bonder and the distance of Fresnel Lenses and the end area of vitreosil bonder, realize maximized luminous energy Using;2. the control system that device of the present invention is combined with global positioning system and local time using automatic tracking device System is it is ensured that sunlight keeps vertical, the utilization solar energy of maximal efficiency with the synthetical collection device moment;3. dress of the present invention Put and the ultraviolet light being pernicious to people in solar energy is filtered, give people to provide comfortable photoenvironment, reduce the consumption of traditional electric energy;④ Employing automatic control technology of the present invention, can reduce cost of labor, improve the accuracy of system operation, surely meanwhile Qualitative;5. device of the present invention comprehensively utilizes solar energy, and the most of the time reaches self-sufficiency, and does not consume other energy, And using be clean energy resource, environmental protection is reliable.
Brief description
A kind of solar energy composite based on solar fibre-optical of Fig. 1 utilizes apparatus structure composition schematic diagram;
A kind of solar energy composite based on solar fibre-optical of accompanying drawing 2 utilizes the synthetical collection device control flow of device to illustrate Figure;
A kind of solar energy composite based on solar fibre-optical of accompanying drawing 3 utilizes the illuminator workflow schematic diagram of device.
A kind of solar energy composite based on solar fibre-optical of accompanying drawing 4 utilizes the electricity generation system workflow schematic diagram of device;
A kind of solar energy composite based on solar fibre-optical of accompanying drawing 5 utilizes the heat energy system workflow schematic diagram of device;
In figure: 1 transparent filter ultraviolet shield, 2 Fresnel Lenses, 3 water tank agitator electric wires, 4 altitude angle system electric wires, 5 photovoltaic sensing elements, 6 solar panels, 7 synthetical collection devices, 8 heat-insulated quartz and infrared ray filtering assembly, 9 harvesters support Frame, 10 vitreosil bonders, 11 optical fiber, 12 diffusing globes, 13 daylighting regions, 14led lamp, 15led lamp electric wire, 16 basis, 17 Azimuth system electric wire, 18 accumulator batteries, 19 azimuth system, 20 adapters, 21 convex lenss, 22 TRTs, 23 light sensations are sent out Electrical component, 24 electricity generation system electric wires, 25 municipal administration electricity electric wires, 26 solar panel electric current transmission lines, 27 accumulator batteries control Holding wire, 28 azimuth system control signal wires, 29 water tank agitator control signal wires, 30 electric heater control lines, 31 water tanks Agitator, 32 electric heaters, 33 altitude angle system 34 water tank, 35 water tank temperature induction apparatuss, 36 temperature inductor transmission lines, 37 comprehensive Hop controller, 38 altitude angle system control signal wires, 39 photovoltaic sensing element holding wires, 40 municipal administration electricity, 41 tap water water inlets Pipe.
Specific embodiment
For more detailed description technical solutions according to the invention, in conjunction with accompanying drawing, technical scheme of the present invention is entered Row describes in detail, specific as follows:
A kind of solar energy composite based on solar fibre-optical includes solar energy composite collector systems using device, generate electricity system System, illuminator, heat energy feed system and control system;
Described solar energy composite is arranged on roof or other open area using device, can make full use of solar energy. Synthetical collection device 7 is the important device using sunlight, by transparent filter ultraviolet shield 1, Fresnel Lenses 2, heat-insulated quartz With infrared ray filtering assembly 8, vitreosil bonder 10, optical fiber 11 grade forms.Described transparent filter ultraviolet shield 1 is installed In the top of synthetical collection device 7, mainly isolation rain, snow, dust etc., the filter ultraviolet on transparent filter ultraviolet shield 1 simultaneously Line film can ensure that most ultraviolet does not enter in synthetical collection device 7.Described multigroup Fresnel Lenses 2 is arranged on synthesis The oral area of harvester 7, arranges heat-insulated quartz and infrared ray filter on 0.7 times of focal length of the part Fresnel Lenses 2 for illuminating Optical assembly 8, heat-insulated quartz and infrared ray filtering assembly 8 are corresponded with the part Fresnel Lenses 2 for illuminating, and are arranged on The middle part of synthetical collection device 7;Vitreosil bonder 10 is arranged on the bottom of described synthetical collection device 7, and saturating with Fresnel Mirror 2 corresponds, and the distance away from Fresnel Lenses 2 for the end of vitreosil bonder 10 is exactly equal to corresponding phenanthrene alunite The focal length of your lens 2 visible ray, the end area of vitreosil bonder 10 should be the focal spot of corresponding Fresnel Lenses 2 2 times.One end of optical fiber 11 is connected with vitreosil bonder 10, and the other end is respectively connecting to daylighting region 13, TRT 22 and water tank 34.
(2) the synthetical collection device 7 described in is arranged on harvester bracing frame 9 by attachment means, in harvester bracing frame 9 Side setting height(from bottom) angle system 33, harvester bracing frame 9 is placed in azimuth system 19 by adapter 20, in synthesis Harvester 7 arranges photovoltaic sensing element 5 with solar panel 6 junction, and photovoltaic sensing element 5 is believed by photovoltaic sensing element Number line 39 is connected with ICU 37, and altitude angle system 33 passes through altitude angle system control signal wire 38 and ICU 37 Connect, azimuth system 19 is connected with ICU 37 by azimuth system control signal wire 28, in ICU 37 Interior integrated global positioning system and local clock, thus the control device of composition sunlight synthetical collection device is it is ensured that synthetical collection Device 7 can be vertical with sunlight, makes full use of solar energy, and concrete control flow refers to accompanying drawing 2.
(3) diffusing globe 12 is installed in described daylighting region 13, diffusing globe 12 is arranged on the light entering daylighting region 13 Fine 11 end, it is ensured that the soft and scattering of light, expands illumination zone.In daylighting region 13, LED lamp 14 is installed simultaneously, LED lamp 14 is connected with accumulator battery 18 by LED lamp electric wire 15, at night or cannot using in the case of sunlight it is ensured that adopting The illumination in light region 13, concrete control flow refers to accompanying drawing 3.
(4) part fiber 11 in described synthetical collection device 7, need not be by heat-insulated quartz and infrared ray filtering assembly 8, directly sunlight is passed through above-mentioned vitreosil bonder 10, by solar energy collecting to TRT 22, vitreosil Bonder 10 is arranged on the bottom of described synthetical collection device 7, and corresponds with Fresnel Lenses 2, and vitreosil coupling The distance away from Fresnel Lenses 2 for the end of device 10 is exactly equal to the ultrared focal length by corresponding Fresnel Lenses 2 0.95, the end area of vitreosil bonder 10 should be 2 times of the focal spot of corresponding Fresnel Lenses 2.In optical fiber 11 end, installs and the one-to-one convex lenss 21 of optical fiber 11, and the focal point in convex lenss 21 places light sensation generating unit simultaneously Device 23, the area of light sensation power generating component 23 is consistent with the projected area of convex lenss 21, and convex lenss 21 and light sensation generate electricity first device Part 23 is each attached in TRT 22.TRT 22 is connected with accumulator battery 18 by electricity generation system electric wire 24.With synthesis The solar panel 6 that harvester 7 connects, is connected with accumulator battery 18 by solar panel electric current transmission line 26, specifically Control flow refers to accompanying drawing 4.
(5) part fiber 11 in described synthetical collection device 7, need not be by heat-insulated quartz and infrared ray filtering assembly 8, directly sunlight is passed through above-mentioned vitreosil bonder 10, by solar energy collecting to water tank 34, vitreosil couples Device 10 is arranged on the bottom of described synthetical collection device 7, and corresponds with Fresnel Lenses 2, and vitreosil bonder 10 The distance away from Fresnel Lenses 2 for the end be exactly equal to the ultrared focal length by corresponding Fresnel Lenses 2 0.75, the end area of vitreosil bonder 10 should be 2 times of the focal spot of corresponding Fresnel Lenses 2.In optical fiber 11 End, install with the one-to-one convex lenss 21 of optical fiber 11, convex lenss 21 be mounted in band be incubated water tank 34 in.On water tank 34 Tap water water inlet pipe 41 is installed in portion, and outlet pipe is installed in bottom, and passes through Valve controlling.Water tank temperature sensing is installed in water tank 34 Device 35, simultaneously water tank temperature induction apparatuss 35 be connected with ICU 37 by temperature inductor transmission line 36.In water tank 34 Electric heater 32 is installed, electric heater 32 is connected with ICU 37 and municipal administration electricity 40 simultaneously simultaneously, cannot utilize the sun Can or temperature it cannot be guaranteed that when, using municipal administration electricity 40 heating.Water tank agitator 31 is installed it is ensured that in water tank in water tank 34 bottom Water is heated evenly, and water tank agitator 31 is connected with accumulator battery 18 by water tank agitator electric wire 3, and water tank agitator 31 passes through water Box mixer control signal wire 29 is connected with ICU 37.Concrete control flow refers to accompanying drawing 5.
(6) accumulator battery 18 described in is placed on basis 16, places azimuth system 19 He on accumulator battery 18 top Synthetical collection device 7 system.Accumulator battery 18 is connected with solar panel 6 by solar panel electric current transmission line 26.Store Set of cells 18 is connected with TRT 22 by electricity generation system electric wire 24.Accumulator battery 18 is passed through municipal administration electricity electric wire 25 and is connected.Store Set of cells 18 is connected with ICU 37 by accumulator battery control signal wire 27.Accumulator battery 18 is by azimuth system electricity Line 17 is connected with azimuth system 19.Accumulator battery 18 is connected with altitude angle system 33 by altitude angle system electric wire 4.Accumulator Group 18 is connected with LED lamp 14 by LED lamp electric wire 15.Accumulator battery 18 passes through water tank agitator electric wire 3 and water tank agitator 31 Connect.
A kind of solar energy composite based on solar fibre-optical of the present invention using the work process of device is:
(1), during initial launch, municipal administration electricity is charged to accumulator battery 18 by municipal administration electricity electric wire 25, opens water tank simultaneously 34 running water switch, fills 80% water, then runs other all parts it is ensured that system can normally be run.
(2) this set invention device is placed on roof or open area.Place in ICU 37 global positioning system and Local time software, in the presence of both, determines the time that the device rest area sun rises and falls.Within this time, Device is illuminated, generates electricity, work of generating heat.Remaining time, only ICU 37 enter running status it is ensured that LED lamp 14 with And the normal monitoring of water tank 34.
(3) global positioning system within normal work period, ICU 37 and local time collective effect, drives Azimuth system 19 and altitude angle system 33 are run it is ensured that synthetical collection device 7 and solar panel 6 all can be hung down with sunlight Directly, and by photovoltaic sensing element 5 it is corrected it is ensured that whole synthetical collection device 7 and solar panel 6 moment are protected with the sun Hold vertical.When driving azimuth system 19 and altitude angle system 33 to run, all obtained from accumulator battery 18 using line related Electric energy.And solar panel 6 is because constantly keeping with the plumbness of the sun it is ensured that the carrying out of maximal efficiency generates electricity, and pass through Solar panel electric current transmission line 26 is charged to accumulator battery 18.
(4) synthetical collection device 7 moment keeps vertical with the sun, when sunray passes through transparent filter ultraviolet shield 1, filter Except most ultraviolet, then on Fresnel Lenses 2.In the system being illuminated, by Fresnel Lenses 2 Sunray, in the presence of heat-insulated quartz and infrared ray filtering assembly 8, infrared ray is filtered, only visible ray passes through, so Carry out afterwards converging coupling on vitreosil bonder 10.Visible ray after coupling passes through optical fiber 11, transmits to daylighting region 13 Interior, after light enters room, in the presence of diffusing globe 12, carry out diffusing scattering, light is become soft, expand illumination region.
(5) in the system being generated electricity, light need not be by heat-insulated quartz and infrared ray filtering assembly 8, directly with phase The vitreosil bonder 10 answering position carries out converging coupling, and after coupling, main near infrared ray passes through optical fiber 11 entrance generating dress Put 22 li, and in the presence of the convex lenss 21 in TRT 22, carry out converging to the light sensation generating unit of relevant position again On device 23, and then produce electric energy, and accumulator battery 18 is entered by electricity generation system electric wire 24 and be charged.
(6) in the system carrying out heat energy utilization, light need not be by heat-insulated quartz and infrared ray filtering assembly 8, directly Carry out converging with the vitreosil bonder 10 of relevant position and couple, the visible ray after coupling.Infrared ray etc. is entered by optical fiber 11 Enter in water tank 34, and under convex lenss 21 effect being embedded in water tank 34, converged, and act in the water of water tank, right Water is heated, and the water tank agitator 31 of water tank 34 bottom is operated by the electric energy that accumulator battery 18 provides simultaneously, agitation The water of water tank is it is ensured that thermally equivalent.And temperature is constantly transferred to ICU by the water tank temperature induction apparatuss 35 on water tank 34 37, and intuitively it is shown to user.Electric heater 32 now does not run.
(7) accumulator and other control elements are installed it is ensured that the normal work of accumulator battery 18 inside accumulator battery 18. Accumulator battery 18 is charged by TRT 22 and solar panel 6 and municipal electricity.In normal operating conditions, need not Municipal administration electricity work.And need the system of electricity consumption from accumulator battery 18 to have a LED lamp 14, and azimuth system 19, altitude angle system 33, And water tank agitator 31 and electric heater 32.Under normal circumstances, electric heater 32 does not run.
(8) relevant control on device and transmission signal, such as altitude angle system working signal, azimuth system work letter Number, battery system, heat energy utilization system, photovoltaic sensing element etc. be all connected with ICU, be monitored control it is ensured that System is normally run.
(9) in the case of no Solar use, at such as night, cloudy day etc., altitude angle system and azimuth system do not work, Daylighting region 13 is carried out ensureing illumination by LED lamp 14.TRT 22 does not work.Accumulator battery 18 is in the prison of ICU 37 Under survey, determine deposited electricity in time, in the case of not enough power supply, open municipal power supply, be charged.And the water in water tank 34 Case temperature inductor 35 in time by Temperature Feedback to ICU 37, constantly monitor water temperature, when water temperature requires less than user, Heated by electric heater 32, water tank agitator 31 normally runs;Under accumulator battery 18 not enough power supply, directly by municipal administration electricity Heated.Period at night, weekly wherein one day, in the case of accumulator battery 18 electricity abundance, isolated operation water tank Agitator 31 and about electric heater 32 half an hour, water temperature is increased to 80 DEG C, carry out disinfection sterilization.
Above a kind of solar energy composite based on solar fibre-optical proposed by the invention is carried out using device in detail Introduce, embodiment used herein is set forth to the principle of the application and embodiment, the explanation of above example is only It is to be used to help understand the present processes and its core concept;Simultaneously for one of ordinary skill in the art, according to this Shen Thought please, all will change in specific embodiments and applications, and in sum, this specification content should not be managed Solution is the restriction to the application.

Claims (5)

1. a kind of solar energy composite based on solar fibre-optical utilize device it is characterised in that:
Described solar energy composite is arranged on roof or other open area that can make full use of solar energy using device;
Described solar energy composite includes solar energy composite collector systems, electricity generation system, illuminator, heat energy supply using device System and control system;
Described solar energy composite collector systems include transparent filter ultraviolet shield, the phenanthrene being formed by multiple Fresnel Lenses Nie Er lens group, synthetical collection device, heat-insulated quartz and infrared ray filtering assembly, vitreosil bonder and optical fiber;
Described transparent filter ultraviolet shield is arranged on the top of synthetical collection device, mainly isolation rain, snow and dust, simultaneously saturating Filter antiultraviolet film on bright filter ultraviolet shield can ensure that most ultraviolet does not enter in synthetical collection device;
Described Fresnel Lenses group is arranged on the oral area of synthetical collection device, and in described Fresnel Lenses group, part Fresnel Lenses is used In illumination, part Fresnel Lenses is used for generating electricity, part Fresnel Lenses is used for heat supply;In described vitreosil bonder Part vitreosil bonder is used for illuminating, part vitreosil bonder is used for generating electricity, part vitreosil bonder is used for Heat supply;Part fiber in described optical fiber is used for illuminating, part fiber is used for generating electricity, part fiber is used for heat supply;
For illumination Fresnel Lenses 0.7 times of focal length on arrange heat-insulated quartz and infrared ray filtering assembly, and described every Heat quartz and infrared ray filtering assembly are corresponded with the Fresnel Lenses for illuminating, and are arranged in synthetical collection device Portion;In the bottom of described synthetical collection device, the vitreosil bonder for illumination, the described heat-resisting stone for illumination are installed English bonder is corresponded with described Fresnel Lenses, and the end of the described vitreosil bonder for illumination is away from Fresnel The distance of lens is exactly equal to the focal length of corresponding Fresnel Lenses visible ray, and the vitreosil bonder for illumination End area be 2 times of focal spot of described corresponding Fresnel Lenses;
Optical fiber one end for illumination is connected with the vitreosil bonder for illumination, and the other end connects to illuminator Daylighting region;
Described illuminator includes diffusing globe, daylighting region, LED lamp, LED lamp electric wire and accumulator battery, in described daylighting region Diffusing globe is installed, diffusing globe is arranged on the end of the optical fiber entering daylighting region;In described daylighting region, LED lamp is installed, LED lamp is connected with accumulator battery by LED lamp electric wire, at night or cannot be using in the case of sunlight it is ensured that daylighting region Illumination;
Electricity generation system is made up of solar panel electricity generation system and optical fiber electricity generation system;When system is normally run, solar energy Cell panel is because constantly keeping it is ensured that the carrying out of maximal efficiency generates electricity and electric by solar panel with the plumbness of the sun Streaming line is charged to accumulator battery;It is direct that the optical fiber being used for generating electricity in optical fiber electricity generation system passes through vitreosil bonder Obtain the solar energy through Fresnel Lenses, and by solar energy collecting to TRT;
Vitreosil bonder direct access for generating electricity passes through the solar energy of Fresnel Lenses, for the vitreosil generating electricity Bonder is arranged on the bottom of described synthetical collection device, and corresponds with the Fresnel Lenses for generating electricity, and is used for generating electricity Vitreosil bonder end away from for generate electricity Fresnel Lenses distance be exactly equal to by corresponding phenanthrene alunite The 0.95 of the ultrared focal length of your lens, the end area of the vitreosil bonder for generating electricity is corresponding phenanthrene alunite 2 times of the focal spot of your lens;
Optical fiber one end for generating electricity is connected with the vitreosil bonder for generating electricity, and the other end connects convex to electricity generation system Lens;
Described solar fibre-optical electricity generation system includes convex lenss, TRT, light sensation power generating component, electricity generation system electric wire; It is provided with and its one-to-one convex lens in the end of the optical fiber for generating electricity, the focal point in convex lenss places light sensation simultaneously Power generating component, the area of light sensation power generating component is consistent with the projected area of convex lenss, convex lenss and light sensation power generating component It is each attached in TRT, TRT is connected with accumulator battery by electricity generation system electric wire;
For heat supply vitreosil bonder direct access pass through Fresnel Lenses solar energy, described for supplying heat Can vitreosil bonder be arranged on the bottom of synthetical collection device, and with a pair of the Fresnel Lenses 1 for heat supply Should, and be exactly equal to by described corresponding for the distance away from Fresnel Lenses for the end of the vitreosil bonder of heat supply The ultrared focal length of Fresnel Lenses 0.75, the end area of vitreosil bonder should be corresponding Fresnel 2 times of the focal spot of lens;
One end for the optical fiber of heat supply is connected with the vitreosil bonder for heat supply, and the other end connects to heat The convex lenss of energy feed system;
Described heat energy feed system includes convex lenss, water tank, water tank temperature induction apparatuss, temperature inductor transmission line, water tank stirring On device, electric heater, water tank agitator electric wire and the tank inner wall of heat energy feed system described in water tank agitator control signal wire Build-in has and the one-to-one convex lenss of optical fiber for heat supply, and described water tank upper installs tap water water inlet pipe, bottom Outlet pipe is installed, and passes through Valve controlling;Water tank temperature induction apparatuss are installed in water tank, water tank temperature induction apparatuss pass through simultaneously Temperature inductor transmission line is connected with the ICU of control system;
Described control system includes gathering bracing frame, adapter, azimuth system, azimuth system control signal wire, elevation angle System, altitude angle system control signal wire, photovoltaic sensing element, ICU, global positioning system and local clock;
Described synthetical collection device is arranged on harvester bracing frame by attachment means, installs high in the side of harvester bracing frame Degree angle system, harvester bracing frame is placed in azimuth system by adapter, and altitude angle system passes through altitude angle system control Holding wire processed is connected with ICU, and azimuth system is connected with ICU by azimuth system control signal wire, In ICU, integrated global positioning system and local clock, thus form the control system of sunlight synthetical collection device, Ensure that synthetical collection device can be vertical with sunlight, make full use of solar energy.
2. as claimed in claim 1 a kind of solar energy composite based on solar fibre-optical utilize device it is characterised in that: described In water tank, electric heater is installed, described electric heater and ICU and municipal administration electrically connects, cannot utilize solar energy or Temperature it cannot be guaranteed that when, preferentially utilize accumulator heating, when accumulator electric-quantity is not enough using municipal electrical heating.
3. as claimed in claim 1 a kind of solar energy composite based on solar fibre-optical utilize device it is characterised in that: described Water tank bottom installs water tank agitator, and to ensure that the water in water tank is heated evenly, water tank agitator passes through water tank agitator electric wire It is connected with accumulator battery, water tank agitator is connected with the ICU of control system by water tank agitator control signal wire.
4. as claimed in claim 1 a kind of solar energy composite based on solar fibre-optical utilize device it is characterised in that: comprehensive Harvester top perimeter is provided with solar panel, arranges optoelectronic induction in synthetical collection device with solar panel junction Element, photovoltaic sensing element is connected with the ICU of control system by photovoltaic sensing element holding wire, described solar energy Cell panel is connected with accumulator battery by solar panel electric current transmission line.
5. as claimed in claim 1 a kind of solar energy composite based on solar fibre-optical utilize device it is characterised in that: described The accumulator battery of illuminator is connected with municipal administration electricity electric wire;The accumulator battery of described illuminator and the Comprehensive Control of control system Device connects;The accumulator battery of described illuminator is connected with connection side's parallactic angle system by azimuth system electric wire;Described illumination The accumulator battery of system is connected with altitude angle system by altitude angle system electric wire.
CN201620457768.6U 2016-05-19 2016-05-19 Device is used multipurposely to solar energy based on solar energy optic fibre Active CN205909194U (en)

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105841092A (en) * 2016-05-19 2016-08-10 中国航天建设集团有限公司 Comprehensive solar energy utilization device and method based on solar optical fiber
CN107313905A (en) * 2017-08-21 2017-11-03 上海理工大学 A kind of round-the-clock light-guiding type solar cogeneration system

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105841092A (en) * 2016-05-19 2016-08-10 中国航天建设集团有限公司 Comprehensive solar energy utilization device and method based on solar optical fiber
CN105841092B (en) * 2016-05-19 2019-03-01 中国航天建设集团有限公司 A kind of solar energy composite based on solar fibre-optical utilizes device and method
CN107313905A (en) * 2017-08-21 2017-11-03 上海理工大学 A kind of round-the-clock light-guiding type solar cogeneration system

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