CN205847817U - The working medium cooling system by contact of high-power electromagnetic wave producer - Google Patents

The working medium cooling system by contact of high-power electromagnetic wave producer Download PDF

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Publication number
CN205847817U
CN205847817U CN201620601091.9U CN201620601091U CN205847817U CN 205847817 U CN205847817 U CN 205847817U CN 201620601091 U CN201620601091 U CN 201620601091U CN 205847817 U CN205847817 U CN 205847817U
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China
Prior art keywords
working medium
electromagnetic wave
spray
cooling
wave producer
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Withdrawn - After Issue
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CN201620601091.9U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
王伟
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Guangdong Heyi New Material Institute Co Ltd
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Guangdong Heyi New Material Institute Co Ltd
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Abstract

The utility model discloses the working medium cooling system by contact of a kind of high-power electromagnetic wave producer, including high-power electromagnetic wave producer, iknsulating liquid heat-conducting work medium, nozzle, spray arm, spray house steward, working medium pump, filter and working medium case, working medium case built-in iknsulating liquid heat-conducting work medium, working medium pump is sunken in iknsulating liquid heat-conducting work medium, filter is arranged on the entrance of working medium pump, working medium pump connects spray house steward, multiple spray arms are connected in parallel spray house steward, each spray arm is provided with multiple nozzle, and nozzle faces toward high-power electromagnetic wave producer;Nozzle, facing to the front and back spray of high-power electromagnetic wave producer, forms the spray structure of opposing open formula;Iknsulating liquid heat-conducting work medium is apolar substance, and during spray, iknsulating liquid heat-conducting work medium is without phase transformation.This utility model radiator structure is reasonable, and radiating efficiency is high.

Description

The working medium cooling system by contact of high-power electromagnetic wave producer
Technical field
This utility model relates to the cooling technology field of high-power electromagnetic wave producer, is specifically related to a kind of high-power electromagnetic The working medium cooling system by contact of wave producer.
Background technology
Electromagnetic wave is the electromagnetic field propagated with the form of fluctuation, and high-frequency electromagnetic wave can be used for signal and strengthens or interference, And high-efficiency heating, can be commonly used in radar, microwave emitter.Such as, High-Power Microwave technology refer to mean power kilowatt Above or the generation of peak power microwave signal more than hundreds of kilowatt, transmit, measure and the technology such as application.Business and military affairs On the traction of demand promote microwave device to be operated in high microwave frequency band, until millimeter wave frequency band.In order to keep certain merit Rate gain, it is desirable to reduce the characteristic size of power transistor, and then bring the biggest heat radiation pressure, if the most effectively dissipating Thermal design, its working life will seriously reduce.Along with wave frequency improves, the power of generator also improves constantly, existing manifold Cross in waveguide or coaxial line, make the wedge-shaped enclosure of the reflection that can reduce load with glass or other dielectric materials, interior water-filling, Oil or other liquid, as the medium of absorption microwave energy, are dispelled the heat by external circulating system.High-Power Microwave can significantly improve The performance of radar, increases operating distance and the capacity of resisting disturbance of radar.But along with miniaturization, the microminaturization of electronic devices and components, Heat flow density improves constantly, and this is to microwave generator, radar T/R (PCC) power, airborne high-power transmitter, spaceborne T/R power Assemblies etc. all propose urgent radiating requirements.
Utility model content
In order to solve above-mentioned technical problem, this utility model provides the working medium of a kind of high-power electromagnetic wave producer and connects Touch cooling system, radiator structure is reasonable, and radiating efficiency is high.
The scheme that this utility model solves above-mentioned technical problem is as follows:
The working medium cooling system by contact of high-power electromagnetic wave producer, including high-power electromagnetic wave producer, dielectric Body heat-conducting work medium, nozzle, spray arm, spray house steward, working medium pump, filter and working medium case,
Described working medium case built-in iknsulating liquid heat-conducting work medium, working medium pump is sunken in iknsulating liquid heat-conducting work medium, and filter is pacified Being contained in the entrance of working medium pump, working medium pump connects spray house steward, and multiple spray arms are connected in parallel spray house steward, each spray arm Being provided with multiple nozzle, nozzle faces toward high-power electromagnetic wave producer;
Described nozzle, facing to the front and back spray of high-power electromagnetic wave producer, forms the spray knot of opposing open formula Structure;
Described iknsulating liquid heat-conducting work medium is apolar substance, and during spray, iknsulating liquid heat-conducting work medium is without phase transformation.
Described spray arm and high-power electromagnetic wave producer is parallel longitudinal is intervally arranged.
Working medium case can arrange following 4 kinds of cooling cycle structures:
1, described working medium case is provided with natural convection air cooling structure: arrange installation radiating fin outside working medium case.
2, described working medium case is provided with Forced Air Convection cooling structure: arranges installation radiating fin outside working medium case, and sets There are some fans that radiating fin is carried out air blast.
3, described working medium case is provided with water circulation cooling device: working medium case is immersed in the evaporation working end of water circulation cooling device In, the pipeline of water circulation cooling device is provided with water pump, and the radiating end of water circulation cooling device carries out air blast by fan.
4, described working medium case is provided with compression-type refrigeration cooling back installation: the vaporizer of compression-type refrigeration cooling back installation It is dipped in working medium case, is dispelled the heat by the condenser in outside.
The method of work of the working medium cooling system by contact of above-mentioned high-power electromagnetic wave producer, described working medium pump opens Dynamic, iknsulating liquid heat-conducting work medium enters working medium pump by filter, and it is total that working medium pump is transported to spray iknsulating liquid heat-conducting work medium Pipe, spray house steward is assigned to each spray arm iknsulating liquid heat-conducting work medium, and the iknsulating liquid heat-conducting work medium of nozzle ejection is straight Connecing spray and arrive front and the back side of high-power electromagnetic wave producer, the heat of high-power electromagnetic wave producer is led by iknsulating liquid Hot working fluid is taken away, and iknsulating liquid heat-conducting work medium is back to working medium case under gravity and is cooled, and so circulates, iknsulating liquid The heat of high-power electromagnetic wave producer is constantly taken away by heat-conducting work medium.
This utility model has the advantage that relative to prior art
1, nozzle is facing to the front and back spray of high-power electromagnetic wave producer, forms the spray knot of opposing open formula Structure, iknsulating liquid heat-conducting work medium directly contacts conduction heat, fall with the high-power electromagnetic wave producer heating surface needing heat radiation Low thermal contact resistance, does not has any intermediate medium and heat transfer conversion links, improves heat conduction efficiency.
2, spray arm and high-power electromagnetic wave producer is parallel longitudinal is intervally arranged, spray area is big, and heat exchange efficiency is high.
3, iknsulating liquid heat-conducting work medium is apolar substance, and during spray, iknsulating liquid heat-conducting work medium is without phase transformation, spray Iknsulating liquid heat-conducting work medium high-power electromagnetic wave producer surface formed atomization liquid film, atomization liquid film conduction of heat there is rill Excellent heat and the overall characteristic of flowing such as amount, the big temperature difference, high heat transfer coefficient, high heat flux.
4, under equal ambient temperature, the direct contact type cooling heat radiation temperature difference is controlled, with non-direct contact type heat transfer side Formula is compared, and can reduce high-power electromagnetic wave producer surface temperature further, be favorably improved high-power electromagnetic wave producer Electromagnetic wave luminous efficiency, and the working life of associate power device and reliability.
5, fountain heat radiation, iknsulating liquid heat-conducting work medium and the effective contact surface in high-power electromagnetic wave producer heating face are used Long-pending (heat exchange area) can increase, thus theoretical heat conduction efficiency can improve (heat exchange amount is proportional with area), iknsulating liquid Heat-conducting work medium effective rate of utilization is higher.
6, spray during iknsulating liquid heat-conducting work medium without phase transformation, therefore system circulation need not gas-phase working medium reclaim set Standby, only common filter need to be set for filtering the impurity that working medium produces in opposing open formula cyclic process, system self-adaption Property and reliability are higher.
7, iknsulating liquid heat-conducting work medium is apolar substance, electronics, electric equipment and loop will not be produced impact, to firmly Part will not have damage.
8, spray pipeline simple in construction, power consumption are little;Jet element manufacturing technology is ripe, reliability is high, diabatic process Its reliability the simplest with structure and controllability are the highest.
9, iknsulating liquid heat-conducting work medium is as liquid heat exchange mode, and it is right that its heat-conductive characteristic is generally better than using air to force Stream, and need new wind unit and the architecture design of some complexity relative to tradition forced convertion air cooling system, liquid cools down The design requirement of Technical Architecture itself is fewer, and directly the structure of contact spray can be simpler, thus cost-effective and prolong Long device service life.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of the working medium cooling system by contact of the high-power electromagnetic wave producer of embodiment 1.
Fig. 2 is the front elevation of the high-power electromagnetic wave producer of embodiment 1.
Fig. 3 is the radiator structure of the working medium case of embodiment 2.
Fig. 4 is the radiator structure of the working medium case of embodiment 3.
Fig. 5 is the radiator structure of the working medium case of embodiment 4.
Detailed description of the invention
The utility model is described in further detail with embodiment below in conjunction with the accompanying drawings.
Embodiment 1:
The working medium cooling system by contact of high-power electromagnetic wave producer as shown in Figure 1, sends out including high-power electromagnetic ripple Raw device 1, iknsulating liquid heat-conducting work medium 2, nozzle 3, spray arm 4, spray house steward 5, working medium pump 6, filter 7 and working medium case 8,
Working medium case 8 built-in iknsulating liquid heat-conducting work medium 2, working medium pump 6 is sunken in iknsulating liquid heat-conducting work medium 2, and filter 7 is pacified Being contained in the entrance of working medium pump 6, working medium pump 6 connects spray house steward 5, and multiple spray arms 4 are connected in parallel spray house steward 5, each spray Drenching arm 4 and be provided with multiple nozzle 3, nozzle 3 is facing to high-power electromagnetic wave producer 1;
Nozzle 3, facing to the front and back spray of high-power electromagnetic wave producer 1, forms the spray knot of opposing open formula Structure;
Iknsulating liquid heat-conducting work medium 2 is apolar substance, and during spray, iknsulating liquid heat-conducting work medium 2 is without phase transformation.
Spray arm 4 and high-power electromagnetic wave producer 1 is parallel longitudinal is intervally arranged,
Working medium case 8 is provided with natural convection air cooling structure: arrange installation radiating fin 9 outside working medium case 8.Only rely on ring The free convection of border air makes the iknsulating liquid heat-conducting work medium 2 carrying cell heat by radiating fin 9 and ring in working medium case 8 Border cools.This type of cooling outstanding advantages is: cooling segment does not use any wasted work electrical equipment or mechanical part;If environment Condition meets the basic heat radiation temperature difference and Natural Convection Conditions, can use.Iknsulating liquid heat-conducting work medium 2 in working medium case 8 is continuous Cool down, to ensure effective heat transfer temperature difference of iknsulating liquid heat-conducting work medium 2 and high-power electromagnetic wave producer 1, with to Gao Gong Rate electromagnetic wave generator 1 effectively cools down.
Filter 7 ensures iknsulating liquid heat-conducting work medium 2 degree of purity, prevents impurity to the damage of working medium pump 6 and to nozzle 3 Blocking, it is ensured that circulation ability, improve adaptivity and reliability.
Iknsulating liquid heat-conducting work medium 2 must use the heat-conducting liquid working medium of good insulating, the natural ore of such as Multiple Type Thing oil, silicone oil, vegetable oil, transformer oil, conduction oil etc., it is ensured that working medium insulating properties, it is to avoid contact with high-power electromagnetic wave producer 1 Conduction, causes generator damage and system to scrap.Iknsulating liquid heat-conducting work medium 2 generally has higher heat conductivity, and passes through Spray can directly contact heat radiation with the high-power electromagnetic wave producer 1 of heating such that it is able to realizes high-power electromagnetic efficiently Wave producer 1 dispels the heat.
Nozzle 3 need to select the excellent and satisfactory material of engineering strength of insulation.
The method of work of the working medium cooling system by contact of above-mentioned high-power electromagnetic wave producer, working medium pump 6 starts, absolutely Edge liquid thermal conductivity working medium 2 enters working medium pump 6 by filter 7, and it is total that 6 iknsulating liquid heat-conducting work mediums 2 of working medium pump are transported to spray Pipe 5, spray 5 iknsulating liquid heat-conducting work mediums 2 of house steward are assigned to each spray arm 4, the iknsulating liquid heat conduction work of nozzle 3 ejection Matter 2 directly sprays front and the back side of high-power electromagnetic wave producer 1, and the heat of high-power electromagnetic wave producer 1 is by absolutely Edge liquid thermal conductivity working medium 2 is taken away, and iknsulating liquid heat-conducting work medium 2 is back to working medium case 8 under gravity and is cooled, and so follows Ring, the heat of high-power electromagnetic wave producer 1 is constantly taken away by iknsulating liquid heat-conducting work medium 2.Radiating fin 9 ensures iknsulating liquid Effective heat transfer temperature difference (usually 5-10 DEG C) is kept, so that it to be had between heat-conducting work medium 2 and high-power electromagnetic wave producer 1 The cooling of effect.
Embodiment 2:
As it is shown on figure 3, working medium case 8 is provided with Forced Air Convection cooling structure: arrange installation radiating fin outside working medium case 8 9, and be provided with some fans 10 radiating fin 9 is carried out air blast.There is convection current in air under the influence of external force is forced, temperature is relatively low New wind constantly blasts and carries out heat exchange with iknsulating liquid heat-conducting work medium 2 and realize iknsulating liquid heat-conducting work medium 2 and cool down.
Embodiment 3:
As shown in Figure 4, working medium case 8 is provided with water circulation cooling device: the evaporation working end 11 of water circulation cooling device is immersed In working medium case 8, the pipeline of water circulation cooling device is provided with water pump 13, and the radiating end 12 of water circulation cooling device is entered by fan 10 Row air blast, it is achieved to the cooling of the iknsulating liquid heat-conducting work medium 2 of the high temperature of heat exchange backflow in working medium case 8, evaporation working end 11 The heat of iknsulating liquid heat-conducting work medium 2 is taken out of after radiating end 12 dispels the heat by water, is continued insulation by water pump 13 circulation Liquid thermal conductivity working medium 2 heat exchange.
Embodiment 4:
As it is shown in figure 5, working medium case 8 is provided with compression-type refrigeration cooling back installation: compression-type refrigeration cooling back installation Vaporizer 14 is dipped in working medium case 8, is dispelled the heat by the condenser 15 in outside.Vaporizer 14 and the iknsulating liquid heat conduction of high temperature After working medium 2 carries out heat exchange, carry out cooling down recirculation in the condenser 15 in outside.
Above-mentioned for this utility model preferably embodiment, but embodiment of the present utility model is not by foregoing Limit, other any without departing from the change made under spirit of the present utility model and principle, modify, substitute, combine, letter Change, all should be the substitute mode of equivalence, within being included in protection domain of the present utility model.

Claims (6)

1. the working medium cooling system by contact of high-power electromagnetic wave producer, it is characterised in that: include that high-power electromagnetic ripple occurs Device, iknsulating liquid heat-conducting work medium, nozzle, spray arm, spray house steward, working medium pump, filter and working medium case,
Described working medium case built-in iknsulating liquid heat-conducting work medium, working medium pump is sunken in iknsulating liquid heat-conducting work medium, and filter is arranged on The entrance of working medium pump, working medium pump connects spray house steward, and multiple spray arms are connected in parallel spray house steward, and each spray arm is provided with Multiple nozzles, nozzle faces toward high-power electromagnetic wave producer;
Described nozzle, facing to the front and back spray of high-power electromagnetic wave producer, forms the spray structure of opposing open formula;
Described iknsulating liquid heat-conducting work medium is apolar substance, and during spray, iknsulating liquid heat-conducting work medium is without phase transformation.
The working medium cooling system by contact of high-power electromagnetic wave producer the most according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: institute State spray arm and high-power electromagnetic wave producer is parallel longitudinal is intervally arranged.
The working medium cooling system by contact of high-power electromagnetic wave producer the most according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: institute State working medium case and be provided with natural convection air cooling structure: installation radiating fin is set outside working medium case.
The working medium cooling system by contact of high-power electromagnetic wave producer the most according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: institute State working medium case and be provided with Forced Air Convection cooling structure: installation radiating fin is set outside working medium case, and is provided with some fans pair Radiating fin carries out air blast.
The working medium cooling system by contact of high-power electromagnetic wave producer the most according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: institute State working medium case and be provided with water circulation cooling device: the evaporation working end of water circulation cooling device is immersed in working medium case, water circulating cooling The pipeline of device is provided with water pump, and the radiating end of water circulation cooling device carries out air blast by fan.
The working medium cooling system by contact of high-power electromagnetic wave producer the most according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: institute State working medium case and be provided with compression-type refrigeration cooling back installation: the vaporizer of compression-type refrigeration cooling back installation is dipped in working medium case In, dispelled the heat by the condenser in outside.
CN201620601091.9U 2016-06-16 2016-06-16 The working medium cooling system by contact of high-power electromagnetic wave producer Withdrawn - After Issue CN205847817U (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105934139A (en) * 2016-06-16 2016-09-07 广东合新材料研究院有限公司 Working medium contact cooling system for high-power devices and working method of working medium contact cooling system
CN105934138A (en) * 2016-06-16 2016-09-07 广东合新材料研究院有限公司 Working medium contact cooling system for high-power electromagnetic generators and working method of working medium contact cooling system

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105934139A (en) * 2016-06-16 2016-09-07 广东合新材料研究院有限公司 Working medium contact cooling system for high-power devices and working method of working medium contact cooling system
CN105934138A (en) * 2016-06-16 2016-09-07 广东合新材料研究院有限公司 Working medium contact cooling system for high-power electromagnetic generators and working method of working medium contact cooling system
CN105934138B (en) * 2016-06-16 2018-05-22 广东合一新材料研究院有限公司 The working medium cooling system by contact and its method of work of high-power electromagnetic wave producer
CN105934139B (en) * 2016-06-16 2018-05-22 广东合一新材料研究院有限公司 The working medium cooling system by contact and its method of work of high power device

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Granted publication date: 20161228

Effective date of abandoning: 20180522

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