CN205354313U - Data acquisition device in wireless node instrument - Google Patents

Data acquisition device in wireless node instrument Download PDF

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Publication number
CN205354313U
CN205354313U CN201521049592.2U CN201521049592U CN205354313U CN 205354313 U CN205354313 U CN 205354313U CN 201521049592 U CN201521049592 U CN 201521049592U CN 205354313 U CN205354313 U CN 205354313U
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data
cpld
mcu
data acquisition
battery
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CN201521049592.2U
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Inventor
边飞
刘守会
孙仕胜
丁闫
肖少健
秦晗
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CNPC Beijing Richfit Information Technology Co Ltd
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CNPC Beijing Richfit Information Technology Co Ltd
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Abstract

The utility model discloses a data acquisition device in wireless node instrument belongs to the communication technology field. The device includes: complex programmable logic device CPLD, data acquisition module and the integrated little the control unit MCU who has radio frequency module, this CPLD is connected with this data acquisition module and this MCU respectively, this data acquisition module is used for gathering the matter accuse data of wireless node instrument to with this matter accuse data transmission to CPLD, this CPLD is used for receiving and handles this matter controls data to this matter accuse data transmission to MCU after will handling, this MCU are used for sending these the matter accuse data after handling to data center through this radio frequency module. The utility model discloses a this data acquisition device can be gathered in real time and control data to data center passback matter, has solved the problem of correlation technique mesoplasm accuse data acquisition inefficiency, has improved matter accuse data acquisition's real -time and collection efficiency. The utility model is used for it controls data to gather and transmit matter.

Description

Data acquisition unit in radio node instrument
Technical field
This utility model relates to communication technical field, particularly to the data acquisition unit in a kind of radio node instrument.
Background technology
Radio node instrument is a kind of device gathering geological data in geophysical seismic is explored.After this radio node instrument is deployed in job site, the record continuously that radio node instrument can be autonomous comprises the geological data of precise time and positional information.In order to improve working performance during seismic prospecting, it is necessary to judged the duty of this radio node instrument by the Quality Control data of radio node instrument.Wherein, the Quality Control data of radio node instrument mainly include the cell voltage of instrument, and global positioning system is (English: GlobalPositioningSystem;It is called for short: GPS) coordinate, GPS patrols star number amount, the temperature of radio node instrument, the parameter such as memory card capacity and sensor states.
In correlation technique, the general data acquisition unit using handheld terminal as radio node instrument, and the mode requiring over manual inspection gathers the Quality Control data of radio node instrument, namely by operator, handheld terminal is connected with the foundation of radio node instrument by wireless or cable network, then pass through this handheld terminal and gather the Quality Control data of radio node instrument, finally again the Quality Control data collected are sent to data center by mobile network, according to the Quality Control data of this radio node instrument, data center can judge that this radio node instrument is the need of carrying out keeping in repair or safeguarding.
But, correlation technique is gathered by the mode of manual inspection the Quality Control data of radio node instrument, poor real, and collecting efficiency is relatively low.
Utility model content
In order to solve problem of the prior art, this utility model embodiment provides the data acquisition unit in a kind of radio node instrument.Described technical scheme is as follows:
This utility model embodiment provides the data acquisition unit in a kind of radio node instrument, and described device includes:
Complex programmable logic device (CPLD), data acquisition module and the micro-control unit MCU being integrated with radio-frequency module;
Described CPLD is connected with described data acquisition module and described MCU respectively;
Described data acquisition module is for gathering the Quality Control data of radio node instrument, and sends described Quality Control data to described CPLD;Described CPLD is used for receiving and processing described Quality Control data, and sends to described MCU, described MCU the described Quality Control data after processing for the described Quality Control data after process being sent to data center by described radio-frequency module.
Optionally, described device also includes: general-purpose serial bus USB interface;
Described USB interface is connected with described CPLD by USB (universal serial bus);
Described USB interface controls program for the MCU receiving write, and is additionally operable to send to described MCU described MCU control program by described MCU control program transportation to described CPLD, described CPLD by described USB (universal serial bus).
Optionally, described device also includes: battery installation section and power supply circuits;
Described battery installation section is used for installing battery, and described battery installation section is connected with described USB interface and described power supply circuits respectively;
Described USB interface is additionally operable to the battery charging into installing in described battery installation section;
The battery installed in described battery installation section can be that the data acquisition unit in described radio node instrument is powered by described power supply circuits.
Optionally, described device also includes: battery and power supply circuits;
Described battery is connected with described USB interface and described power supply circuits respectively;
Described USB interface is additionally operable to charge for described battery;
Described battery can be that the data acquisition unit in described radio node instrument is powered by described power supply circuits.
Optionally, described device also includes: switch;
Described switch is connected with described CPLD, and for controlling the mode of operation of described CPLD, described mode of operation includes data-transmission mode and program transportation pattern;
Under described data-transmission mode, described CPLD is for receiving and process the described Quality Control data of described data collecting module collected, and sends the described Quality Control data after processing to described MCU;
Under described program transportation pattern, the described MCU that described CPLD receives for receiving described USB interface controls program, and transmits described MCU control program to described MCU.
Optionally, described switch is magnetic switch.
Optionally, described device also includes: buzzer;
Described buzzer is connected with described CPLD, sends default buzzerphone for the mode of operation according to described CPLD.
Optionally, described data acquisition module includes the one in bluetooth module, Wireless Fidelity WIFI module or serial line interface.
Optionally, described battery is chargeable lithium cell.
The technical scheme that this utility model embodiment provides has the benefit that
This utility model embodiment provides the data acquisition unit in a kind of radio node instrument, and this device includes: complex programmable logic device (CPLD), data acquisition module and be integrated with the micro-control unit MCU of radio-frequency module;This CPLD is connected with this data acquisition module and this MCU respectively;This data acquisition module is for gathering the Quality Control data of radio node instrument, and sends these Quality Control data to this CPLD;This CPLD is used for receiving and process this Quality Control data, and these Quality Control data after processing are sent to this MCU, this MCU is for sending these Quality Control data after process to data center by this radio-frequency module, due to the data acquisition unit in this radio node instrument can Real-time Collection and to data center return radio node instrument Quality Control data, improve real-time and the collecting efficiency of Quality Control data acquisition.
Accompanying drawing explanation
In order to be illustrated more clearly that the technical scheme in this utility model embodiment, below the accompanying drawing used required during embodiment is described is briefly described, apparently, accompanying drawing in the following describes is only embodiments more of the present utility model, for those of ordinary skill in the art, under the premise not paying creative work, it is also possible to obtain other accompanying drawing according to these accompanying drawings.
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of the data acquisition unit in a kind of radio node instrument that this utility model embodiment provides;
Fig. 2 is the structural representation of the data acquisition unit in the another kind of radio node instrument that this utility model embodiment provides.
Detailed description of the invention
For making the purpose of this utility model, technical scheme and advantage clearly, below in conjunction with accompanying drawing, this utility model embodiment is described in further detail.
This utility model embodiment provides the data acquisition unit in a kind of radio node instrument, as it is shown in figure 1, this device includes:
CPLD is (English: ComplexProgrammableLogicDevice;Being called for short: CPLD) 10, data acquisition module 11 is (English: MicroControllerUnit with the micro-control unit being integrated with radio-frequency module 120;It is called for short: MCU) 12;
This CPLD10 is connected with this data acquisition module 11 and this MCU12 respectively;
This data acquisition module 11 is for gathering the Quality Control data of radio node instrument, and sends these Quality Control data to this CPLD10;This CPLD10 is used for receiving and processing this Quality Control data, and sends to this MCU12, this MCU12 these Quality Control data after processing for these Quality Control data after process being sent to data center by this radio-frequency module 120.
In sum, this utility model embodiment provides the data acquisition unit in a kind of radio node instrument, and this device includes: CPLD, data acquisition module and be integrated with the MCU of radio-frequency module;This data acquisition module is for gathering the Quality Control data of radio node instrument, and sends these Quality Control data to this CPLD;This CPLD is used for receiving and process this Quality Control data, this MCU is for sending these Quality Control data after process to data center by this radio-frequency module, due to the data acquisition unit in this radio node instrument can Real-time Collection and to data center return radio node instrument Quality Control data, improve real-time and the collecting efficiency of Quality Control data acquisition.
It should be noted that the data acquisition unit in the radio node instrument of this utility model embodiment offer can apply to based on 6LowPAN (English: LowPowerWirelessPersonalAreaNetwork;It is called for short: in wireless telecommunication system LowPAN), 6LowPAN is a kind of low-speed wireless individual region communication standard based on IPv6, has low in energy consumption, the features such as reliability is high, network support pattern is many.Data acquisition unit in this radio node instrument can support the time synchronized function of frequency hopping function and 6LowPAN system, namely this MCU can be provided with the physical layer microcontroller supporting IEEE802.15.4 agreement, this MCU can run uc-osii operating system, and this MEC can support the time synchronization protocol within 6LowPAN protocol stack, frequency hopping and 6LowPAN, thus ensureing can reduce further power consumption in the transmitting procedure of Quality Control data, and improve the reliability of communication.
Fig. 2 is the structural representation of the data acquisition unit in the another kind of radio node instrument that this utility model embodiment provides, as in figure 2 it is shown, this device can also include: USB (universal serial bus) is (English: UniversalSerialBus;It is called for short: USB) interface 13;
This usb 13 is connected with this CPLD10 by USB (universal serial bus);
This usb 13 controls program for the MCU receiving write, and by this USB (universal serial bus), this MCU is controlled program transportation to this CPLD10, and this CPLD10 is additionally operable to that this MCU is controlled program and sends to this MCU12.Example, this USB interface can be connected with computer, computer write control program by this USB interface to MCU, or this MCU is carried out debugging etc..
It should be noted that the CPLD10 in this device also has the function of logical transition, it is possible to the signal that usb 13 is received converts the MCU12 voltage signal supported to.
Optionally, as in figure 2 it is shown, this device can also include: battery 14 and power supply circuits 15, this battery 14 can be chargeable lithium cell.
This battery 14 is connected with this usb 13 and this power supply circuits 15 respectively;This usb 13 is additionally operable to charge for this battery 14;This battery 14 can be that the data acquisition unit in this radio node instrument is powered by these power supply circuits 15.
In actual applications, the input voltage of this battery can 5 volts (V), output voltage can be 5V, and the heap(ed) capacity of this battery can be 10000 MAHs (mAH).These power supply circuits 15 can be provided with voltage transformation module, the 5V voltage that battery exports can be converted to by this voltage transformation module the output voltage of 3.3 volts or 1.8V.
In actual applications, this device can also include: battery installation section (not shown) and power supply circuits;This battery installation section is used for installing battery, and this battery installation section can be connected with this USB interface and this power supply circuits respectively;This USB interface is additionally operable to the battery charging into installing in this battery installation section;The battery installed in this battery installation section can be that the data acquisition unit in this radio node instrument is powered by these power supply circuits.
Optionally, as in figure 2 it is shown, this device also includes: switch 16 and buzzer 17, this switch 16 can be magnetic switch.This switch 16 and buzzer 17 are connected with this CPLD10 respectively, and wherein, switch 16 is for controlling the mode of operation of this CPLD10, and this mode of operation includes data-transmission mode and program transportation pattern;This buzzer 17 sends default buzzerphone for the mode of operation according to this CPLD10, reminds the current mode of operation of this radio node instrument of operator with this.
Under data-transmission mode, this CPLD10 is for receiving and process these Quality Control data that this data acquisition module 11 gathers, and sends these Quality Control data after processing to this MCU12;
Under program transportation pattern, this MCU that this CPLD10 receives for receiving this usb 13 controls program, and transmits this MCU control program to this MCU12.
Optionally, this data acquisition module 11 can include bluetooth module, Wireless Fidelity (English: WIreless-FIdelity;It is called for short: the WIFI) one in module or serial line interface.
In actual applications, the Quality Control data that data acquisition unit in this radio node instrument gathers can include mark (ID) code of radio node instrument, cell voltage, gps coordinate, GPS patrols star number amount, node instrument temperature, memory card capacity, node duty, sensor states, the parameters such as time mark information, the Quality Control data collected can be sent the intelligent gateway to 6LowPAN system by data acquisition unit, (English: the4thGenerationmobilecommunication by the forth generation mobile communication technology of MANET by intelligent gateway again;It is called for short: 4G) 4G of network or mobile operator is sent to data center's (i.e. office's command system), data center can show Quality Control information and the coordinate of radio node instrument in real time, to the radio node instrument being in abnormal operating state, data center can send replacing or repair orders from trend operator, in order to operator can quick-replaceable or maintenance radio node instrument.Said process does not need operator and walks up and down inspection, improves work efficiency, reduces construction workload, and can reduce the quantity of operator, and then reduces operating cost.
Example, in actual applications, the data acquisition unit collection that theres is provided according to this utility model embodiment after transmitting the Quality Control data of radio node instrument, radio node instrument is keeped in repair by data center according to the Quality Control data received and the process safeguarded can be such that
After the cymoscope of radio node instrument is pulled out, the Quality Control data of now data acquisition unit collection can include the node state for indicating cymoscope loose contact, then data center can arrange the operator apart from this radio node instrument is nearest to check, it is determined that this cymoscope whether firm plug.
When radio node instrument works the long period, when causing electricity deficiency, the Quality Control data of this collection may contain an indication that the battery status data that the electricity of this radio node instrument is not enough, then data center can arrange to be replaced the operation of battery apart from the operator that this radio node instrument is nearest, it is to avoid the geological data that this radio node instrument gathers is lost.
When radio node instrument works the long period, when causing residue free memory deficiency, the Quality Control data of this collection can include the residual memory space data of this radio node instrument, then data center can arrange to change the radio node instrument of this setting apart from the operator that this radio node instrument is nearest, it is to avoid cannot gather the geological data of this setting because of memory space inadequate.
If data center is according to the Quality Control data received, find that gps signal and the relevant position information of certain radio node instrument are often lost, then can arrange to check whether the antenna arranged in this radio node instrument ruptures apart from the operator that this radio node instrument is nearest, so as on-call maintenance, it is ensured that instrument can normal operation.
If data center is according to the Quality Control data received, find that the information that the Sensing interface plate of certain radio node instrument returns is abnormal, operator then can be arranged to change the radio node instrument of this setting, and the radio node instrument broken down fetched is detected, in order to find and keep in repair the fault of this Sensing interface plate in time.
If data center is not received by the Quality Control data of the radio node instrument passback of certain setting, operator then can be arranged to change the radio node instrument of this setting, and the radio node instrument broken down fetched is detected, in order to find fault in time and keep in repair.
In sum, this utility model embodiment provides the data acquisition unit in a kind of radio node instrument, and this device includes: CPLD, data acquisition module and be integrated with the MCU of radio-frequency module;This data acquisition module is for gathering the Quality Control data of radio node instrument, and sends these Quality Control data to this CPLD;This CPLD is used for receiving and process this Quality Control data, this MCU is for sending these Quality Control data after process to data center by this radio-frequency module, due to the data acquisition unit in this radio node instrument can Real-time Collection and to data center return radio node instrument Quality Control data, improve real-time and the collecting efficiency of Quality Control data acquisition, reduce construction workload, and the quantity of operator can be reduced, it is possible to reduce operating cost.
The foregoing is only preferred embodiment of the present utility model, not in order to limit this utility model, all within spirit of the present utility model and principle, any amendment of making, equivalent replacement, improvement etc., should be included within protection domain of the present utility model.

Claims (9)

1. the data acquisition unit in a radio node instrument, it is characterised in that described device includes:
Complex programmable logic device (CPLD), data acquisition module and the micro-control unit MCU being integrated with radio-frequency module;
Described CPLD is connected with described data acquisition module and described MCU respectively;
Described data acquisition module is for gathering the Quality Control data of radio node instrument, and sends described Quality Control data to described CPLD;Described CPLD is used for receiving and processing described Quality Control data, and sends to described MCU, described MCU the described Quality Control data after processing for the described Quality Control data after process being sent to data center by described radio-frequency module.
2. device according to claim 1, it is characterised in that described device also includes: general-purpose serial bus USB interface;
Described USB interface is connected with described CPLD by USB (universal serial bus);
Described USB interface controls program for the MCU receiving write, and is additionally operable to send to described MCU described MCU control program by described MCU control program transportation to described CPLD, described CPLD by described USB (universal serial bus).
3. device according to claim 2, it is characterised in that described device also includes: battery and power supply circuits;
Described battery is connected with described USB interface and described power supply circuits respectively;
Described USB interface is additionally operable to charge for described battery;
Described battery can be that the data acquisition unit in described radio node instrument is powered by described power supply circuits.
4. device according to claim 2, it is characterised in that described device also includes: battery installation section and power supply circuits;
Described battery installation section is used for installing battery, and described battery installation section is connected with described USB interface and described power supply circuits respectively;
Described USB interface is additionally operable to the battery charging into installing in described battery installation section;
The battery installed in described battery installation section can be that the data acquisition unit in described radio node instrument is powered by described power supply circuits.
5. device according to claim 2, it is characterised in that described device also includes: switch;
Described switch is connected with described CPLD, and for controlling the mode of operation of described CPLD, described mode of operation includes data-transmission mode and program transportation pattern;
Under described data-transmission mode, described CPLD is for receiving and process the described Quality Control data of described data collecting module collected, and sends the described Quality Control data after processing to described MCU;
Under described program transportation pattern, the described MCU that described CPLD receives for receiving described USB interface controls program, and transmits described MCU control program to described MCU.
6. device according to claim 5, it is characterised in that
Described switch is magnetic switch.
7. device according to claim 5, it is characterised in that described device also includes: buzzer;
Described buzzer is connected with described CPLD, sends default buzzerphone for the mode of operation according to described CPLD.
8. according to the arbitrary described device of claim 1 to 6, it is characterised in that
Described data acquisition module includes the one in bluetooth module, Wireless Fidelity WIFI module or serial line interface.
9. the device according to claim 3 or 4, it is characterised in that
Described battery is chargeable lithium cell.
CN201521049592.2U 2015-12-16 2015-12-16 Data acquisition device in wireless node instrument Active CN205354313U (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN111262284A (en) * 2018-11-30 2020-06-09 中国石油天然气集团有限公司 Node unit, wireless charging device and system, and charging box
CN112987603A (en) * 2019-12-02 2021-06-18 中国石油化工集团有限公司 Node seismic instrument remote monitoring system based on GPRS

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN111262284A (en) * 2018-11-30 2020-06-09 中国石油天然气集团有限公司 Node unit, wireless charging device and system, and charging box
CN111262284B (en) * 2018-11-30 2021-11-30 中国石油天然气集团有限公司 Node unit, wireless charging device and system, and charging box
CN112987603A (en) * 2019-12-02 2021-06-18 中国石油化工集团有限公司 Node seismic instrument remote monitoring system based on GPRS

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