CN102128978B - Energy consumption metering system supporting two-way communication - Google Patents

Energy consumption metering system supporting two-way communication Download PDF

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CN102128978B
CN102128978B CN 201010034373 CN201010034373A CN102128978B CN 102128978 B CN102128978 B CN 102128978B CN 201010034373 CN201010034373 CN 201010034373 CN 201010034373 A CN201010034373 A CN 201010034373A CN 102128978 B CN102128978 B CN 102128978B
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China
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information
communication
power
metering
meter
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CN 201010034373
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Chinese (zh)
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CN102128978A (en
Inventor
宋伟
高舜安
宁文元
田云峰
易忠林
王思彤
袁瑞铭
周晖
殷庆铎
章鹿华
张健辉
朱林
杨光
何本亮
吴清天
张龙
王东山
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华北电网有限公司
华北电力科学研究院有限责任公司
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Abstract

本发明提供一种支持双向通信的能耗计量系统,该系统包括:双向计量插座、显示终端和双向通信电能表;双向计量插座与所述的显示终端之间为无线通信连接,所述的显示终端与所述的双向通信电能表之间为无线通信连接,所述的双向计量插座与所述的双向通信电能表之间为电力线连接;用以实现支持多种通信制式,支持电能和电能以外的其他家用能耗的计量和管理。 The present invention provides an energy metering system supporting bidirectional communication, the system comprising: a bidirectional metering socket, a display terminal and a bidirectional communication meter; between the display terminal and said bi-directional metering receptacle connected to a wireless communication, the display bi-directional communication between the terminal and the meter is connected to the wireless communication, said metering receptacle is a two-way power line connecting between the two-way communication with the meter; to achieve support multiple communication formats, power and power than the support measurement and management of other household energy consumption.

Description

一种支持双向通信的能耗计量系统 Energy metering system that supports two-way communication

技术领域 FIELD

[0001] 本发明关于能耗计量技术,尤其关于入户能源的计量技术,具体的讲是一种支持双向通信的能耗计量系统。 [0001] The present invention relates to energy measurement technology, and more particularly household metering technology energy, speaking a particular energy consumption metering system to support two-way communication.

背景技术 Background technique

[0002] 随着智能电网的建设和发展,电力公司需要更多的了解家庭用户用电情况,了解计量设备的运行状况。 [0002] With the construction and development of smart grid, utility companies need to know more about home users electricity consumption, understand the operational status of metering equipment. 热力公司、燃气公司和自来水公司也要了解家庭用户的用能情况,了解计量设备的运行状况。 Heating Company, gas companies and water companies have to understand energy use for home users, understand the operational status of metering equipment. 但现有技术的居民用单相电能表,只支持简单的计量、预付费等功能,无法满足电力公司更多信息交互的要求,更无法承担电能以外的其他家用能耗的计量 But residents of the prior art with a single-phase energy meter, supports only simple metering, prepayment fees function, can not meet the power requirements of the company for more information exchange, but can not afford other household metering energy other than electricity

和管理。 And management.

发明内容 SUMMARY

[0003] 本发明实施例提供一种支持双向通信的能耗计量系统,用以实现支持多种通信制式,支持电能和电能以外的其他家用能耗的计量和管理。 [0003] The present invention provides a metering system to support two-way communication energy, to achieve support multiple communication formats, measurement and management support for other household energy consumption other than power and power.

[0004] 本发明实施例的目的是,提供一种支持双向通信的能耗计量系统,该系统包括:双向计量插座、显示终端和双向通信电能表; [0004] The object of the present invention, an embodiment is to provide an energy metering system supports two-way communication, the system comprising: a bidirectional metering socket, bidirectional communication and display terminal power meter;

[0005] 双向计量插座与所述的显示终端之间为无线通信连接,所述的显示终端与所述的双向通信电能表之间为无线通信连接,所述的双向计量插座与所述的双向通信电能表之间为电力线连接; [0005] between the display terminal metering receptacle with said bidirectional wireless communication connection, the two-way communication with the display terminal of the power meter is connected to the wireless communication, said metering receptacle with said bi-bi a communication line is connected between the electric power meter;

[0006] 双向计量插座,对相连的外部用电器进行供电并对所述外部用电器的耗电量进行计量,生成耗电量信息,或将相连的外部环保发电设备提供的电能输入电力线并对所述外部环保发电设备的供电量进行计量,生成供电量信息; [0006] way metering receptacle, is connected to the external power supply and the external electrical appliances with the metering electrical power consumption, the power consumption information generated or the electrical power generating apparatus connected to the external environment of the power line to provide input and the external power supply power plant environmental metering, generating power supply information;

[0007] 显示终端,从所述的双向计量插座无线接收所述的耗电量信息和供电量信息,并对所述的耗电量信息和供电量信息进行显示和输出; [0007] The display terminal, said receptacle receiving from the wireless bi-directional metering of the power consumption information and information of power supply, and power supply and said power consumption information displaying and outputting information;

[0008] 双向通信电能表,对电力能耗进行计量,生成总电力能耗信息;并且从所述的显示终端无线接收所述的耗电量信息和供电量信息,并将所述的总电力能耗信息进行显示,将所述的总电力能耗信息、耗电量信息和供电量信息进行无线输出。 And the total power consumption information and the information from the power supply to the display terminal receiving said radio and said; [0008] The bidirectional communication power meter, the power consumption metering, the total power consumption information generated energy consumption information for display, the total power consumption information, power consumption information and information for the wireless output power supply.

[0009] 本发明实施例的效果在于,对用户用电数据进行采集,对外部发电设备,特别是环保发电设备的发电信息进行接收,并对供电量和耗电量进行双向计量,使得用电数据、发电信息和计量数据通过无线网络传输到家用显示终端,并通过显示终端传送给双向通信电表,双向通信电表将计量信息传送给远端主站,使电网控制中心或家用显示终端能通过这些信息来调节控制电网运行,保证电网的安全性,并能提高电网的运行效率。 [0009] Advantages of embodiments of the present invention is that the electricity user data acquisition, the external power generation equipment, particularly power generating environmental information receiving apparatus, and power supply, and power consumption measurement bidirectional, so that electricity data, information, and generating measurement data transmitted via the wireless network to the home display terminal, and by displaying the two-way communication transmission terminal to the meter, meter the metering bidirectional communication information to the distal end of the master station, that the grid control center or home display terminal through the information to adjust the control grid operation, ensure the safety of the grid, and to improve the operating efficiency of the grid.

附图说明 BRIEF DESCRIPTION

[0010] 此处所说明的附图用来提供对本发明的进一步理解,构成本申请的一部分,并不构成对本发明的限定。 [0010] The drawings described herein are provided for further understanding of the present invention, constitute a part of this application, do not limit the present invention. 在附图中:[0011] 图1为本发明双向通信的能耗计量系统的示意图; In the drawings: [0011] Figure 1 is a schematic view of energy consumption metering system of the invention, two-way communication;

[0012] 图2为本发明的双向通信电表的结构框图; [0012] The block diagram of FIG. 2 meter bidirectional communication of the present invention;

[0013] 图3为本发明的双向通信电表的外观示意图; Bidirectional communication meter appearance [0013] FIG. 3 is a schematic view of the present disclosure;

[0014] 图4为本发明的双向通信电表的原理框图; [0014] Figure 4 is a two-way communication functional block diagram of the meter of the invention;

[0015] 图5为本发明的具有事件传感器的双向通信电表的结构框图; [0015] FIG. 5 is a block diagram showing a bidirectional communication with the meter event sensor of the present invention;

[0016] 图6为本发明双向计量插座的结构框图; [0016] FIG. 6 is a block diagram of the present invention, bidirectional metering receptacle;

[0017] 图7为本发明双向计量单元的结构框图; [0017] FIG. 7 is a block diagram showing a bidirectional metering unit of the invention;

[0018] 图8为本发明双向计量插座的原理框图; [0018] FIG. 8 is a functional block diagram of a bidirectional metering receptacle of the present invention;

[0019] 图9、图10为本发明双向计量插座的外壳示意图; [0019] FIG 9, FIG. 10 is a schematic diagram of a bidirectional metering receptacle housing of the present invention;

[0020] 图11为本发明显示终端的结构框图; [0020] FIG. 11 is a block diagram of a display terminal of the present invention;

[0021] 图12为本发明系统通信流程图; [0021] FIG. 12 is a flowchart of a communication system of the invention;

[0022] 图13为本发明手持终端的结构框图; [0022] FIG. 13 is a block diagram of the handheld terminal of the present invention;

[0023] 图14为本发明手持终端的软件构架图; [0023] FIG 14 FIG software architecture of the handheld terminal of the present invention;

[0024] 图15为本发明手持终端的功能框图。 [0024] FIG 15 a functional block diagram of the handheld terminal of the present invention.

具体实施方式 Detailed ways

[0025] 为使本发明的目的、技术方案和优点更加清楚明白,下面结合附图对本发明实施例做进一步详细说明。 [0025] To make the objectives, technical solutions, and advantages of the present invention will become apparent from, the accompanying drawings in conjunction with the following detailed description of embodiments further embodiment of the present invention. 在此,本发明的示意性实施例及其说明用于解释本发明,但并不作为对本发明的限定。 In this exemplary embodiment of the present invention are used to explain the present invention but are not intended to limit the present invention.

[0026] 如图1所示,本发明具体实施方式的支持双向通信的能耗计量系统中,包括:通过双向通信电能表101输入的来自外部普通发电设备(如:水电设备或火电设备)发出的供电电能,或通过环保发电设备105 (如太阳能设备或风能设备)发出的供电电能;用户家中的五个双向计量插座(102a,102b, 102c, 102d和102e)与电能表101相连接,其中双向计量插座102e接收环保发电设备105提供的供电电能并计量环保发电设备105的供电量;双向计量插座102a与空调106相连接,用于为空调106提供电能并计量空调106的耗电量;双向计量插座102b与冰柜107相连接,用于为冰柜107提供电能并计量冰柜107的耗电量;双向计量插座102c与电脑108相连接,用于为电脑108提供电能并计量电脑108的耗电量;双向计量插座102d与电视机109相连接,用于为电视机109提供电能并计量电视机109的耗电量。 [0026] 1, the energy metering system supports two-way communication of the present invention in particular embodiments, comprising: a bidirectional communication by ordinary power meter 101 from an external input device (such as: water thermal power equipment or apparatus) issued supply energy, or supply the power generated by the environmental power generation device 105 (e.g., solar device or a wind power installation); five bidirectional metering user home socket (102a, 102b, 102c, 102d, and 102e) is connected to the power meter 101, wherein bidirectional power supply jack 102e metering device 105 to provide power receiving environment and environmental measurement power plant power supply 105; 102a way metering receptacle connected to the air conditioner 106, 106 for supplying power to the air conditioning and power consumption measurement of the air conditioner 106; bi metering receptacle 102b is connected to the freezer 107, for supplying power to the power consumption metering freezers and freezers 107 107; 102c way metering receptacle connected to the computer 108, and measures the power consumption for supplying power to the computer 108 for the computer 108 ; way metering receptacle 102d is connected to the TV 109, the TV 109 for supplying power to the power consumption of the television 109 and metered.

[0027] 图1中的双向计量插座102e在接收环保发电设备105提供的供电电能时,同时接收环保发电设备105通过电力线载波传来的发电量信息,并将接收的发电量信息提供给用户。 The way metering [0027] FIG 1 when receiving receptacle 102e environmental power generation device 105 provides power, while receiving an amount of environmental power generation device 105 through the power line carrier information transmitted, received information and supplies electricity to the user.

[0028] 显示终端103查询双向计量插座的电流数据,每个双向计量插座地址唯一,所以双向计量插座安装到家庭后,显示终端只需要按照唯一地址发送数据,就能通过无线通讯模块抄到双向计量插座的相关数据。 [0028] Display terminal 103 queries data bidirectional current metering receptacle, each bidirectional metering socket address is unique, so the way metering socket is mounted to the home, the display terminal only needs to send data in accordance with the unique address, you can be by copying the two-way wireless communication module measurement data socket. 如,显示终端向双向计量插座发送电流查询指令,并接收双向计量插座反馈的包括电流数据的信息。 For example, the terminal displays the current transmission to the query instruction way metering outlet, and receiving information data includes current feedback way metering receptacle. 显示终端103对双向计量插座写负荷功率的值。 Display terminal 103 of the write power value of the load on the bidirectional metering receptacle. 如,显示终端103向双向计量插座发送包括写复核功率的功率控制指令,并接收双向计量插座反馈的写正确或写错误的信息。 The display terminal 103 transmits to the twin metering receptacle includes a write power control commands review power, and receives feedback way metering receptacle correct write or write error information. 显示终端103对双向计量插座进行广播信息发送。 Bidirectional terminal 103 displays broadcast information transmission metering receptacle. 显示终端103将从双向计量插座获取的电能计量信息进行存储和无线输出,并对外部水表通信模块传来的用水计量信息、外部热力通信模块传来的热力计量信息以及外部燃气通信模块传来的燃气计量信息进行接收和存储。 Display terminal socket 103 from the bi-directional metering energy information and storing the acquired wireless outputs, and meter communications module transmitted from the external water metering information transmitted from the communication module external thermal heat and the external gas metering information transmitted from the communication module gas metering information received and stored. 显示终端103将电能计量信息、用水计量信息、热力计量信息以及燃气计量信息通过短距无线方式传送给双向通信电能表101。 The terminal 103 displays energy information, measurement information water, heat and gas metering metering information to the bidirectional communication information is transmitted by short-distance meter 101 wirelessly.

[0029] 双向通信电能表101对电力能耗进行计量,生成总电力能耗信息;并且从显示终端103无线接收耗电量信息、供电量信息、用水计量信息、热力计量信息以及燃气计量信息,并将总电力能耗信息进行显示,将总电力能耗信息、耗电量信息、供电量信息、用水计量信息、热力计量信息以及燃气计量信息进行无线输出。 [0029] The bidirectional communication power consumption table 101 for the power measurement, the total power consumption information generated; 103 and radio reception power consumption information, power supply information, measurement information water, heat and gas metering information from the metering information display terminal, and the total power consumption information is displayed, the total power consumption information, power consumption information, power supply information, water metering information, dosing information and heat information wirelessly output gas metering.

[0030] 手持终端104与双向通信电能表101之间为无线通信连接,用于采集双向通信电能表101输出的总电力能耗信息、耗电量信息和供电量信息;并对双向通信电能表101的参数进行设置;并将采集的总电力能耗信息、耗电量信息和供电量信息进行无线输出。 [0030] The handheld terminal 104 between the power meter 101 is a two-way communication wireless communication connection, the total power consumption for the two-way communication 101 outputs information collection meter, the power consumption information and information of power supply; two-way communication and power meter parameter 101 is provided; and the total power consumption of the information collection, the power consumption information and the information of wireless power supply output.

[0031] 如图2所示,本实施例的双向通信电能表包括:主控CPU204,数据采集单元201用于从电力线采集电压信号和电流信号;存储单元202 ;显示单元203用于对电压质量信息和电能计量信息进行显示;远程通信装置接口205用于与一个通信装置相连接;多个通信制式彼此不同的通信装置(206a,206b, 206c, 206d),在多个通信制式彼此不同的通信装置中择一与远程通信装置接口205相连接,用于将电压质量信息和电能计量信息发送给远端;主控CPU204控制数据采集单元201、显示单元203、远程通信装置接口205以及与通信装置接口205连接的通信装置的工作。 [0031] 2, the bidirectional communication according to the present embodiment of the meter comprising: a main CPU 204, data collection unit 201 for collecting voltage and current signals from the power line; storage unit 202; a display unit 203 for the quality of the voltage energy measurement information and display information; remote communication device interface 205 for connection to a communication means; a plurality of communications standards different from each other communication devices (206a, 206b, 206c, 206d), a plurality of communications standards different from each other communication selection means connected to a remote communication device interface 205, for transmitting the quality information and the voltage information to the remote energy measurement; main control CPU204 data acquisition unit 201, a display unit 203, the remote device interface 205 and the communication with the communication device operation of the communication device 205 connected to the interface.

[0032] 本实施例的电能表还包括:光电隔离电路207,远程通信装置接口205通过光电隔离电路207与主控CPU204相连接。 [0032] The meter of the present embodiment further comprises: optical isolation circuit 207, the remote communication device via interface 205 is connected to optical isolation circuit 207 and the main control CPU204.

[0033] 本实施例的电能表还包括:事件传感器210用于对电能表本地的事件信号进行检测,并将事件信号传送给数据处理单元202生成事件报警信息,由通信装置将事件报警信息发送给远端。 [0033] The meter of the present embodiment further comprises: an event sensor 210 is used to meter the local event signal is detected, and transmitted to the data processing unit 202 generates an event signal event alarm information, by the communication device to the alarm event information transmission to the far end. 事件传感器210包括:电能表开盖传感电路、电能表电池欠压传感电路和/或电能表温度传感器。 210 event sensor comprising: a sensing circuit decap meter, meter battery voltage sensing circuitry, and / or a temperature sensor meter.

[0034] 本实施例的电能表还包括:开关控制单元209,该开关控制单元209包括:继电器和过零检测电路;其中,过零检测电路从所述的电力线中采集故障信号和运行状态信号,并将故障信号和运行状态信号传送给主控CPU204,主控CPU204根据故障信号和运行状态信号控制继电器动作。 [0034] The present energy meter embodiment further comprises: a switching control unit 209, the switching control unit 209 comprises: a relay and a zero-crossing detection circuit; wherein the fault signal and the operating state of zero-crossing detection circuit acquired from the power line as described in and operating status and fault signal to the main control CPU 204 transmits a signal, the master control CPU 204 the signal according to the fault signal and relay operating state.

[0035] 本实施例的电能表还包括:本地通信单元212用于将电压质量信息和电能计量信息发送给近端通信设备。 [0035] The meter of the present embodiment further comprises: a local communication unit 212 for transmitting the quality information and the voltage information to the near-end energy measurement communication device. 本地通信单元包括:红外通信模块、RS485通信模块、M-BUS通信模块或ZigBee通信模块。 The local communication unit comprises: an infrared communication module, RS485 communication module, M-BUS communication module or a ZigBee communication module.

[0036] 本实施例的电能表还包括:键盘208和购电卡接口211。 [0036] The meter of the present embodiment further comprises: a keyboard 208 and interface 211 card purchase.

[0037] 本实施例电能表的通信装置接口支持热插拔,且电能表可同时支持GPRS、3G、载波和短距无线通信等通讯制式。 [0037] The present embodiment the communication interface supports hot-plug apparatus embodiment of meter and meter supports GPRS, 3G, while the carrier and the short range wireless communication and other communication standard. 由于载波同GPRS、3G的通信接口有部分区别,电能表设计了可同时兼容4种模块的电气接口。 Since the carrier with GPRS, 3G communication interface portion are different, the energy meter may be compatible with four kinds of electrical interface module.

[0038] 如图3所示,为本发明具体实施方式的支持双向通信的单相电能表300的外观示意图,单相电能表300包括:显示屏301,通信装置插槽302,通信装置接口(302a和302b),通信装置接口302a为数据线接口,通信装置接口302b为电源线接口,通信装置接口302a和302b也可合并为一个接口。 Exterior electrical single-phase 300 [0038] 3, the present embodiment supports bidirectional communications particular embodiment of the invention, a schematic diagram of single-phase power meter 300 comprising: a display screen 301, the communication device slot 302, the communication device interface ( 302a and 302b), a communication device interface for the data line interface 302a, 302b to the communication device interface power line interface, a communication device interfaces 302a and 302b may be combined into one interface.

[0039] 在图3中,通信装置为模块化设计,利用通用的接口定义,能够同时支持GPRS、宽带无线(McWiLL)、低压电力线载波和短距离微功率无线等。 [0039] In FIG. 3, the communication device is a modular design, using a common interface definition that supports both GPRS, wireless broadband (of McWiLL), the power line carrier and the short range wireless micropower like. 传输数据采用透明转发的方式,在电能表本体的通信单元上依据特定通信规约进行数据的解析和组帧,通信装置只负责将通信帧按相应的通信方式转发,从而使未来更多通信方式均可无缝接入到电能表的上行信道中。 Forwarding the transmission data using a transparent manner, and parses the frame data sets based on specific communication protocol in the communication unit of the meter body, the communication device is only responsible for forwarding the communication frame according to the corresponding communication mode, so that all future communication more seamlessly access channel uplink power meter. 通信装置包括=GPRS通信装置303a、3G通信装置303b、载波通信装置303c和短距无线通信装置303d。 The communication device comprises a communication means = GPRS 303a, 3G communication apparatus 303b, 303c and carrier communication device short range wireless communication apparatus 303d. 根据电能表当前所处的通信环境,在GPRS通信装置303a、3G通信装置303b、载波通信装置303c和短距无线通信装置303d中选择一个可用的通信装置与通信装置接口302a和302b相连接。 The meter current communication environment in which to select an available communication means with the communication device interfaces 302a and 302b are connected to the GPRS communication unit 303a, 3G communication apparatus 303b, 303c and carrier communication apparatus 303d of the short range wireless communication apparatus.

[0040] 如图4所示,通信装置包括:CPU402、串行接口403、LED指示灯406、看门狗电路404、存储器405和McWiLL模块401a、GPRS通信模块401b、3G通信模块401c和短距无线通信模块401d。 [0040] As shown in FIG. 4, the communication apparatus comprising: CPU402, serial interface 403, LED indicators 406, watchdog circuit 404, a memory 405, and McWiLL modules 401a, GPRS communication module 401b, 3G communication module 401c and short The wireless communication module 401d. 在McWiLL模块401a、GPRS通信模块401b、3G通信模块401c和短距无线通信模块401d中选择一个使用的通信模块与CPU402相连接。 A selecting module used in the McWiLL 401a, GPRS communication module 401b, 3G communication module 401c and the short range wireless communication module and the communication module 401d is connected to CPU402.

[0041] 如图5所示,本实施例的电能表还包括:事件传感器,用于对电能表本地的事件信号进行检测,并将事件信号传送给数据处理单元生成事件报警信息,由通信装置将事件报警信息发送给远端。 [0041] 5, the meter of the present embodiment further comprises: an event sensor for local meter event signal is detected, and transmits the generated alarm information to the event data event signal processing unit, by the communication device the alarm information is sent to the remote event. 事件传感器包括:电能表开盖传感电路、电能表电池欠压传感电路和/或电能表温度传感器。 Event sensor comprising: a sensing circuit decap meter, meter battery voltage sensing circuitry, and / or a temperature sensor meter.

[0042] 本技术方案中的单相电能表的通信系统电源可以满足零停机的要求,电源模块具备热插拔的功能来满足零停机要求。 [0042] The power supply communication system according to the present aspect of the single-phase energy meter zero downtime meet the requirements, the power module includes a hot-swap features to meet the requirements of zero downtime. 热插拔要求也在于防止系统错误。 Hot-swappable requirements to prevent system errors. 但由于不同模块有不同特性,因此本技术满足了以下硬件要求:1)进行热插拔时,硬件能够承受瞬间产生的冲击电压和浪涌电流的影响,消除插座间产生火花。 However, due to the different modules having different characteristics, so this technology to meet the hardware requirements of the following: 1) Hot swapping hardware that withstand surge current and a surge voltage is generated at the moment, eliminating sparking between the socket. 2)热插拔后,单相电能表的硬件系统的负载接替顺滑,以防止因突然转变而影响输出电压的调节。 2) hot-swappable, the load of the hardware system to replace the single-phase power meter smooth to prevent the sudden change affects adjust the output voltage. 具体的硬件设计包括对模块接口的定义、电能表通信模块的接口电路设计以及通信部分设计。 Specific design includes the definition of the hardware interface module, the interface circuit Meter Communication Module and a communication part of the design.

[0043] 本发明实施例,使得单相电能表软硬件同时兼容多种通信模块;且多种通信模块可热插拔;电能表能主动上报事件;电能表作为通信介质传送消息、数据、语音等信息。 [0043] Example embodiments of the present invention, so that the single phase energy meter compatible with a variety of communication hardware module; hot-swappable module and a plurality of communication; meter could actively report the event; meter as a communication medium transmits messages, data, voice and other information. 本发明实施例支持多种通信方式,可同时兼容低压电力线载波、GPRS、短程无线通信和宽带无线通信(McWiLL)四种信道。 Example embodiments of the present invention supports a variety of communication, may be compatible with the power line carrier, GPRS, short-range wireless communications and a broadband wireless communication (of McWiLL) four kinds of channels. 替换通信模块时,单相电能表无需断电,无需改变任何软硬件设计,满足未来智能电网的建设需要。 When you replace a communication module, single-phase energy meter without having to power down, without changing any hardware and software design, to meet the future needs of smart grid construction. 通过电能表的双向通信,电能表可以实时主动上报事件,还可以提供通信媒介传输短信、语音及视频等传输数据功能。 Two-way communication through the meter, energy meter real-time initiative to report the incident, may also provide communications transmission medium to transmit data messaging, voice and video capabilities.

[0044] 短距离无线通信技术,把所有传输范围等于或小于IEEE 802.11和802.15标准所规定范围的无线网络技术都定义为短程无线技术,短程无线通信比第三代蜂窝设备无线数据传输更快、成本更低、功耗更小。 [0044] The short-range wireless communication technology, all the transmission range is less than or equal to 802.15 and IEEE 802.11 standards specified range wireless network technology is defined as the short-range wireless technology, short range wireless communication devices faster third-generation cellular wireless data transmission ratio, lower cost, less power consumption.

[0045] 如图6所不,双向计量插座包括:插头501,用于与电力线相连接;插孔510,用于与外部用电器或外部环保发电设备相连接;继电器509用于断开或导通电力线与外部用电器或外部环保发电设备的连接。 [0045] FIG. 6 is not bidirectional metering receptacle comprising: a plug 501 for connection to a power line; jack 510, for connection to external appliances or external environmental power generation equipment; relay 509 to disconnect or through a power line or an external connection with an external electrical power plant environment.

[0046] 功能按键508控制继电器的导通和断开。 [0046] The function keys 508 and control relay is turned OFF. 双向计量单元503用于计量外部用电器的耗电量,或反向计量外部环保发电设备的发电量;电力线载波通信单元502用于通过电力线接收外部环保发电设备传送的供电信息,电力线载波通信单元502利用逆变器与双向计量插座之间的电力线通道,可以接收到逆变器发来的发电量信息,例如:分布式能源发电功率、预计持续时间等信息供用户参考;中央处理单元504用于对所述的供电量、耗电量和供电信息进行处理,生成用电计量信息;无线通信单元505用于将用电计量信息无线输出。 Bidirectional electricity consumption measuring means 503 for external electrical metering, or reverse environmental external power measurement device; power line carrier communication unit 502 for receiving power information of the external device transmits green power through a power line, a power line carrier communication unit 502 uses the power line channel between the inverter and the bi-directional metering receptacle may receive the inverter power generation amount information sent, for example: energy generation distributed power, the estimated duration information for reference; a central processing unit 504 with to the power supply amount, and power consumption information, and generates electricity metering information; and a wireless communication unit 505 for wireless output electricity metering information. 插头501为三相电能插头,可插在用户墙上的电插座上;插孔510为三相电能插孔,可被用电器或环保发电设备的插头插入。 Plug 501 is a three-phase power plug, the electrical socket can be inserted in the user's wall; a three-phase electrical power receptacle jack 510, the plug can be inserted with environmental or electrical power plant. 显示单元506用于对所述的用电计量信息进行显示。 A display unit 506 for displaying the electricity metering information. 存储单元507用于对所述的用电计量信息进行存储。 The storage unit 507 for the storage of electricity metering information.

[0047] 如图7所示,双向计量单元包括:电压输入模块601b:线电压经过电阻分压器或变压器输出连接到计量芯片的Vin+和VIN_输入引脚。 [0047] As shown in FIG 7, the bidirectional metering unit comprises: a voltage input module 601b: line voltage through the transformer or the resistor divider is connected to the output Vin + and VIN_ metering IC input pins. 电流输入模块601a:电流分流器或互感器的输出被连接到计量芯片的IIN+和Iin-输入引脚。 Current input module 601a: output current of the transformer or the shunt is connected to the metering chip IIN + and Iin- input pins. 电压电流信号处理模块602将电压和电流通道用2阶△ E调制器,将模拟信号输入转化为数字信号,并将电压和电流测量的数据经过高低通滤波器,计算得到电压电流的有效值及瞬时值。 Voltage and current signal processing module 602 and the current channel with the voltage △ E 2-order modulator, the analog input signal into a digital signal, and a voltage and current measurement data through low-pass filter, the calculated RMS voltage and current instantaneous value. 其中,功率方向模块603将瞬态电压和电流的采样数据相乘,得到瞬时功率。 Wherein the direction of the power module 603 sampled data of voltage and current transient multiplied by the instantaneous power. N个瞬时功率平均计算出有功功率。 N instantaneous real power calculated average power. 视在功率由电压乘于电流有效值得到。 Apparent power rms current multiplied by the voltage obtained. 功率因数是有功功率除以视在功率得到。 Power factor is the active power divided by the apparent power is obtained. 根据电压与电流的夹角计算出功率方向,如夹角大于90度,即功率方向为反向,说明这时环保发电设备正在发电。 Calculated from the voltage and current angle between the direction of power, such as an angle greater than 90 degrees, i.e. the power of the reverse direction, this time that the device is environmentally friendly power generation. 若检测到反向有功功率,则功率方向模块603向计量MCU606输出低信号,则计量MCU606知道用户的环保发电设备正在发电;反之若电压电流夹角小于90度,则计量MCU606知道用户用电器正在用电。 If active power detected reverse, the direction of the power measurement module 603 MCU606 outputs a low signal, the user knows MCU606 environmental measurement device is generating power; contrary, if the voltage of the current angle of less than 90 degrees, then the user knows the metering appliances are MCU606 electricity.

[0048] 如图8所示,主控MCU选用AD1-7566芯片。 [0048] As shown in FIG. 8, selected AD1-7566 master MCU chip. 无线模块选用RF905+TI430组合成一个透明传输模块,此模块和MCU的通讯速率为1200BPS,8位数据,无校验,一个停止位,无线模块和MCU通过3线制的串口连接方式(收、发、地)连接。 Wireless module selection RF905 + TI430 combined into a transparent transmission module, and this module is the communication speed MCU 1200BPS, 8 data bits, no parity, one stop bit, and the MCU via the wireless module 3 wire serial interface connection system (yield, fat, ground). 线性电源通过线性变压器和4个二极管组成的电源整形电路形成9V电压,并通过一个三端稳压IC-7805产生5V稳定的直流电源。 Linear power transformers and four linear power shaping circuit diodes formed 9V voltage 5V and generating a stable DC power by three-terminal regulator IC-7805. 存储器选择ATMEL EEPROM 24C08-3V,该芯片选择3V,可以在失去交流电时,通过电池供电来存储数据,且该IC地址为0开始。 Memory select ATMEL EEPROM 24C08-3V, the chip select 3V, upon loss of alternating current may, powered by a battery to store the data, and the IC address is zero.

[0049] 如图9所示,为按键电路,此部分按照I/O检测按键控制磁保持继电器的动作状态。 [0049] As shown in FIG 9, is the key circuit, in accordance with this section I / O control magnetic detection of the key holding operation state of the relay. 如图10所示,费率指示电路包括:五个指示灯,指示的顺序为:设备电源、尖、峰、平、谷费率指示灯。 10, the rate indicating circuit comprises: five indicator lights, as indicated order: power supply device, a sharp peak, flat and valley tariff indicator. 指示当前费率号,分别是尖峰平谷等四项费率。 No indication of the current rate, namely four Pinggu peak rate. 如图8所示,继电器部分使用脉冲控制继电器,并且使用`[0050] 如图9所示,为双向计量插座的一种外观图,其具有电能输入插头701,控制按键702,指示灯703 (设备电源指示灯、尖费率指示灯、峰费率指示灯、平费率指示灯、谷费率指示灯)以及电能输出插孔704。 8, the pulse control relay section relays, and the `[0050] 9 A two-way external view of the metering receptacle, a plug having a power input 701, control buttons 702, a lamp 703 ( power indicator, sharp indicator rate, peak rate indicator, the indicator flat rate, the rate indicator valley) and a power output jack 704.

[0051] 如图10所示,为双向计量插座的一种外观图,其具有电能输入插头801,控制按键802,指示灯804(设备电源指示灯、尖费率指示灯、峰费率指示灯、平费率指示灯、谷费率指示灯)、电能输出插孔805以及显示屏803。 [0051] As shown, the metering receptacle bidirectional one skin 10, which has a power input plug 801, control buttons 802, a lamp 804 (power indicator device, the indicator tip rate, peak rate indicator , flat rate indicator, the indicator Valley rates), the power output jack 805 and a display screen 803.

[0052] 如图11所示,显示终端包括:PXA300CPU、128MB内存、IGB的FLASH(可以通过SD卡和USB 口扩充更大的存储空间)、RS485、RS232以及包括远红外模块、上下行小无线模块、RFID等的多种通信模块,还包括USB和SD等存储扩展接口、大尺寸彩色显示屏、触摸屏、音频扬声器、电池和充电电路。 [0052] 11, the display terminal comprising: PXA300CPU, 128MB RAM, FLASH of the IGB (larger storage space can be expanded through the USB port and SD card), RS485, RS232 and far infrared module comprising uplink and downlink radio small module, a plurality of the RFID communication modules, etc., further comprising a memory such as SD and USB expansion interface, a large color display screen, touch screen, audio speaker, and a battery charging circuit.

[0053] 智能显示终端通过RS485或上行短距无线通信方式和电能表通信(通信协议采用IEC 62056),将取到的电量及电费信息保存到本机FLASH中,并对用电数据进行统计分析,根据各种预设的情况对电力用户以声音或者消息的形式提出智能化的建议和提醒。 Statistical analysis terminal via RS485 or uplink short range wireless communication and electric meter communication mode (using a communication protocol IEC 62056), to save power and to get the information to the machine FLASH electricity, the electricity and the data [0053] Smart Display , according to the situation of various preset power users made intelligent suggestions and reminders in the form of sound or message.

[0054] 智能显示终端通过下行小无线通信方式和智能家居、智能插座、无线水、气、热进行通信(通信协议采用EN-13757),将读取的数据保存到本机FLASH中,根据用户通过触摸屏输入的不同组合条件,可查询实时或本机保存的历史数据,并以曲线、柱状图、表格等形式显示在智能显示终端的彩色显示屏上。 [0054] The smart display terminal via the downlink radio communication scheme and the small smart home, smart sockets, wireless water, gas, heat communication (the communication protocol used EN-13757), the read data is stored to the machine FLASH, according to user different combinations of conditions by touch-screen input, in real time or can query the historical data stored in the machine, and a curve, bar graph, etc. in the form of a table displayed on the display terminal on the smart color display. 用户可根据查询到的智能插座用电数据,设置智能插座的开合时间,并可实时开/合智能插座。 The user can query the smart socket to power the data set of the smart socket opening and closing times, and real opening / closing the smart socket.

[0055] 双向计量插座与显示终端的通信流程包括:无线通讯模块采用短距离微功率无线方式传输数据,无须线缆连接,即可结合其他设备组成网络使用;工作频率为国际通用开放(ISM)频段:433MHz,无线模组采用集成单片收发器,嵌入芯片Manchester编码和GFSK调制以及CRC校验。 [0055] bi-directional communication flow metering socket display terminal comprising: a wireless communication module micro-power short-range wireless data transmission, without cable connection, can be used in combination with other devices to form a network; international common operating frequency is open (ISM) frequency: 433MHz, a wireless transceiver module using monolithically integrated, embedded chips and GFSK modulation and Manchester code CRC. 保证了通讯的高抗干扰和低误码率。 It ensures high noise immunity and low error rate communications. 双向计量插座可采用半双工被动查询方式通讯方式,及显示终端发送查询/写数据,双向计量插座才回应数据,双向计量插座不能主动上报信息。 Two-way metering socket can be half-duplex communication passive query, send queries and display terminal / write data, two-way metering socket only response data, two-way metering socket can not take the initiative to report the information.

[0056] 如图12所示,显示终端、双向计量插座和双向电能表之间通讯过程如下: [0056] 12, a display communication process between the terminal, and two-way socket bidirectional power meter measurement as follows:

[0057] 显示终端查询双向计量插座的电流数据,每个双向计量插座地址唯一,所以双向计量插座安装到家庭后,显示终端只需要按照唯一地址发送数据,就能通过无线通讯模块抄到双向计量插座的相关数据。 [0057] Data display terminals bidirectional current query metering receptacle, each bidirectional metering socket address is unique, so the way metering socket is mounted to the home, the display terminal only needs to send data in accordance with the unique address, copying can be metered through bidirectional wireless communication module socket data. 如,显示终端向双向计量插座发送电流查询指令,并接收双向计量插座反馈的包括电流数据的信息。 For example, the terminal displays the current transmission to the query instruction way metering outlet, and receiving information data includes current feedback way metering receptacle.

[0058] 显示终端对双向计量插座写负荷功率的值。 [0058] display value way metering receptacle terminal of the write load power. 如,显示终端向双向计量插座发送包括写复核功率的功率控制指令,并接收双向计量插座反馈的写正确或写错误的信息。 The display terminal sends a metering receptacle includes a write a review bidirectional power power control commands, and receiving feedback way metering receptacle correct write or write error information.

[0059] 显示终端对双向计量插座进行广播信息发送。 [0059] The measurement display terminal socket bidirectional broadcast information transmission.

[0060] 显示终端接收双向电能表的查询请求,并向双向电能表发送电能计量信息、用水计量信息、燃气计量信息和热力计量信息。 [0060] The display terminal receiving inquiries bidirectional power meter, the power meter and transmits bidirectional energy measurement information, information water metering, metering gas metering information and heat information.

[0061] 双向电能表向远端主站发送电能计量信息、用水计量信息、燃气计量信息和热力 [0061] Meter bidirectional transmitting energy information to a remote master station, metering information water, gas and heat metering information

计量信息。 Metering information.

[0062] 本实施例的双向计量插座,能对用户用电数据进行采集,对外部发电设备,特别是环保发电设备的发电信息进行接收,并对供电量和耗电量进行双向计量,使得用电数据、发电信息和计量数据通过无线网络传输到电网控制中心或家用显示终端,使电网控制中心或家用显示终端能通过这些信息来调节控制电网运行,保证电网的安全性,并能提高电网的运行效率。 Way measurement [0062] The socket of this embodiment can perform data acquisition for users of electricity, the external power generation equipment, particularly power generating environmental information receiving apparatus, and the power supply and the bidirectional consumption measurement, with such electrical data, information generation and measurement data transmitted via the wireless network to the grid control center or home display terminal to allow grid control center or a home information display terminal can be adjusted to control operation of the power grid, to ensure the safety of the power grid, and the grid can be improved operating efficiency.

[0063] 如图13所示,手持终端包括:ARM处理器及其外围电路、大尺寸彩色显示屏、触摸屏、音频扬声器、GSM/GPRS、GPS、RS485、远近红外、PSAM、RFID读卡模块、电池和充电电路等组成,软件采用WINCE 6.0操作系统。 [0063] 13, the handheld terminal comprising: ARM processor and its peripheral circuits, a large color display screen, touch screen, audio speaker, GSM / GPRS, GPS, RS485, near and far infrared, PSAM, RFID reader module, and a battery charging circuit and other components, the operating system software uses WINCE 6.0.

[0064] 手持终端采用Intel公司PXA300作为CPU,PXA300是一个624Mhz的arm芯片,具有高性能、低功耗的特点,智能手持终端配备了128MB内存和IGB的FLASH,还可以通过SD卡和USB 口扩充更大的存储空间。 [0064] The handheld terminal as the CPU uses Intel's PXA300, PXA300 624Mhz the arm is a chip, high performance, low power consumption, smart handheld equipped FLASH 128MB memory and IGB, the SD card can also USB port expand more storage space.

[0065] 手持终端采用WINCE操作系统,WinCE可以兼容大部分的Win32API,这样对应用程序的开发比较方便,有PC机下编程经验的开发人员能很快上手。 [0065] handheld terminals using WINCE operating system, WinCE compatible with most of Win32API, so to develop applications more convenient, there are developers programming experience at the PC can quickly get started.

[0066] 手持终端支持RS485、RS232、远近红外、GSM/GPRS、RFID、GPS等多种通信方式,也有USB、SD等存储扩展接口,通过这些接口可以为智能手持终端扩展多种功能来适应不同的应用模式。 [0066] handheld terminal supports RS485, RS232, near and far infrared, GSM / GPRS, RFID, GPS and other means of communication, there are USB, SD and other storage expansion interface, via these interfaces can be extended to a variety of smart handheld features to suit different application mode.

[0067] 如图14所示,抄读智能电表数据分为三类:基本数据、基本参数和事件数据,抄读智能显示终端故障事件;能够实现受远程主站控制的现场售电操作;实现对单相电能表的对时操作;实现对单相电能表的断送电控制;实现对预付费单相电能表的故障诊断;实现对电能表现场安装、更新管理和操作者日程、流程管理等。 [0067] 14, a smart meter reading copy data into three categories: basic data, event data and basic parameters, copy to read the intelligent display terminal fault event; field can be realized by the remote master station controls the power selling operation; implemented during one phase of the electric energy meter operation; realize ruin electrically controlled single-phase electric energy meter; fault diagnosis prepaid single-phase energy meter; realize the meter site installation, update management and operators schedule, process management, etc. .

[0068] 如图15所示,手持终端通过RS485和远近红外和单相电能表通信(通信协议采用IEC 62056),将取到的电量及电费信息保存到本机FLASH中,并对用电数据进行统计分析,根据各种预设的情况对电力现场工作人员以声音或者消息的形式提出智能化的建议和提醒。 [0068] As shown, the handheld terminal through the near and far infrared and RS485 single-phase electric meter communication (the communication protocol used IEC 62056), will be taken to save the battery 15 and the electricity rate information to the machine FLASH, and the electrical data statistical analysis of the power of intelligent field staff put forward suggestions and reminders in the form of sound or message according to various preset situations. 智能手持终端还可根据电力现场工作人员通过触摸屏输入的不同组合条件,将实时查询或本机保存的电量及电费信息以曲线、柱状图、表格等形式显示在智能手持终端的彩色显示屏上。 The power may also be smart handheld field workers through different combinations of conditions touch-screen input, or a real-time query the machine and electricity power saving information is displayed on the color display smart handheld curve, bar graph, a table and the like.

[0069] 手持终端通过RFID模块读取电力用户的预付费卡(非接触式CPU卡)数据,通过RS485和远近红外和单相电能表通信(通信协议采用IEC 62056),将数据传送到单相电能表,在单相电能表的ESAM模块的控制下完成电表预付费的在线充值功能。 [0069] The handheld terminal is read by the RFID module power user prepaid card (contactless CPU card) data, and the distance by infrared and RS485 single-phase electric meter communication (the communication protocol used IEC 62056), the data is transferred to a single-phase meter, the meter to complete the online pre-paid top-up under the control of single-phase power module ESAM table.

[0070] 手持终端通过RFID模块读取电力用户的预付费卡(非接触式CPU卡)数据,通过GPRS和主站软件通信,在主站软件和本机PSAM模块的控制下完成电表预付费的现场售电业务,增强了现场售电的安全性。 [0070] The handheld terminal to read user power prepaid card (contactless CPU card) data via the RFID module, and the master station via GPRS communication software, to complete prepayment meter under control of the main station and the native software module PSAM on-site sale of electricity, enhance the security of on-site sale of electricity.

[0071] 手持终端与主站通信首次采用IEC62056通信协议,手持终端抄电能表通信首次采用IEC62056通信协议。 [0071] The handheld terminal communicates with the master station using the first communication protocol IEC62056, the handheld terminal uses the first communication copy meter IEC62056 protocol. 实现对单相电能表负荷曲线数据的抄读,实现对单相电能表需量信息的抄读,实现对电能表的拉合闸控制,实现客户缴纳所需充值金额,手持终端通过远程通信方式向主站预付费售电管理系统提出售电申请和安全认证,手持终端通过读写智能售电卡(射频卡)的方式实现移动售电功能。 Achieve copy reading of electrical single-phase load curve data, a read copy to achieve the single-phase meter the amount of information required to achieve the pull-closing control of the meter, to achieve the desired recharge amount the customer paid, the remote handheld terminal by way of the communication prepaid sale of electricity to the main station proposed sale of electricity management system and application security certification, handheld terminals for mobile electricity sales functions to read and write by way of the sale of electricity smart card (RF card). 系统对安全性的依赖由依靠密钥和单一设备转移到依靠密钥、MAC校验算法和多个设备中去,以此提高了整套系统的安全级别。 The system relies on the transfer of security and rely on the key to rely on a single device key, and the MAC checksum algorithm to the plurality of devices, in order to improve the security level of the whole system.

[0072] 在应急条件下,手持终端通过RS485或红外通信一次性为用户提供可设定的透支限额,透支限额事先由电力公司设定。 [0072] Under emergency conditions, the handheld terminal via RS485 or infrared communications to provide users with a disposable overdraft limit can be set, overdraft limit previously set by the power company. 透支限额一次转移到电表中时,用户可以继续在透支状态下用电,当用到所允许的透支限额后,智能电表将停止用户继续用电。 When the overdraft limit once transferred to the meter, the user can continue to advance in the state of electricity, when used in the allowed overdraft limit, smart meters will continue to stop users of electricity. 对每只智能电表的此项操作只能使用一次,智能电表在此操作后如果没有进行购电充值,手持终端不能进行新的透支金额设定。 For each smart meter can only be used once this operation, the smart meter after this operation if no purchase recharge handheld terminal can not set a new overdraft amount.

[0073] 能够通过IEC62056协议实现与单相电能表的控制操作,实现断送电控制。 [0073] The control operation can be realized with a single phase meter by IEC62056 protocol so ruin electrically controlled.

[0074] 手持终端对显示终端的故障诊断技术,通过RS485通信方式与显示终端通信,通过能够分析出显示终端故障类型:抄读显示终端查询数据不成功的发生、结束时刻;抄读显示终端数据上传不成功事件的发生、结束时刻;抄读水气热表抄表失败,分布式电源抄表失败,智能插座抄读失败事件的发生、结束时刻;抄读显示终端时钟故障、CPU复位超限等故障信息,发生、结束时刻。 [0074] The handheld terminal of the fault diagnosis display terminal, RS485 communication terminals communicate with the display by the display terminal can be analyzed by fault types: copy display unsuccessful read occurred, a terminal end time of the query data; read copy data display terminal Upload unsuccessful event occurs, the end time; read copy hot list moisture meter fails, distributed power meter failed copy to read smart socket failure event occurs, the end time; copy reading display terminal clock failure, the CPU reset overrun fault information occurs, end time.

[0075] 以上所述的具体实施例,对本发明的目的、技术方案和有益效果进行了进一步详细说明,所应理解的是,以上所述仅为本发明的具体实施例而已,并不用于限定本发明的保护范围,凡在本发明的精神和原则之内,所做的任何修改、等同替换、改进等,均应包含在本发明的保护范围之内。 [0075] The foregoing specific embodiments of the object, technical solutions, and advantages of the invention will be further described in detail, should be understood that the above descriptions are merely embodiments of the present invention, it is not intended to limit the scope of the present invention, all within the spirit and principle of the present invention, any changes made, equivalent substitutions and improvements should be included within the scope of the present invention.

Claims (14)

1.一种支持双向通信的能耗计量系统,其特征在于,所述的系统包括:双向计量插座、显示终端和双向通信电能表; 所述的双向计量插座与所述的显示终端之间为无线通信连接,所述的显示终端与所述的双向通信电能表之间为无线通信连接,所述的双向计量插座与所述的双向通信电能表之间为电力线连接; 所述的双向计量插座,对相连的外部用电器进行供电并对所述外部用电器的耗电量进行计量,生成耗电量信息,或将相连的外部环保发电设备提供的电能输入电力线并对所述外部环保发电设备的供电量进行计量,生成供电量信息; 所述的双向计量插座包括:插头,用于与电力线相连接;插孔,用于与外部用电器或外部环保发电设备相连接;双向计量单元,用于计量所述外部用电器的耗电量,或反向计量所述外部环保发电设备的供电量;中央处理单元 An energy metering system supports two-way communication, wherein, said system comprising: a bidirectional metering socket, a display terminal and a bidirectional communication meter; display terminal between said metering receptacle with said bidirectional wireless communication connection between the terminal and the display of the meter bidirectional communication connection is a wireless communication, bidirectional communication between the meter and the bidirectional metering receptacle connected to the power line; the bidirectional metering receptacle , external environmental energy power generating apparatus connected to the external power is supplied and the external electrical power consumption of electrical appliances with a measurement, to generate the power consumption information, or to provide an input connected to the power line and the external power plant environment the power supply for the measurement, generating power supply information; the bidirectional metering receptacle comprising: a plug, for connection to a power line; jack for connection to external appliances or external environmental power generation equipment; bidirectional metering unit, with the external metering electrical power consumption by, or reverse the power supply external environmental power metering device; central processing unit ,用于对所述的供电量和耗电量进行处理,生成用电计量信息;无线通信单元,用于将所述的用电计量信息无线输出; 所述的显示终端,从所述的双向计量插座无线接收所述的耗电量信息和供电量信息,并对所述的耗电量信息和供电量信息进行显示和输出; 所述的双向通信电能表,对电力能耗进行计量,生成总电力能耗信息;并且从所述的显示终端无线接收所述的耗电量信息和供电量信息,并将所述的总电力能耗信息进行显示,将所述的总电力能耗信息、耗电量信息和供电量信息进行无线输出; 所述的双向计量插座还包括:载波通信单元,用于通过所述电力线接收外部环保发电设备传送的供电信息;显示单元,用于对所述的用电计量信息和供电信息进行显示;继电器,用于断开或导通电力线与外部用电器或外部环保发电设备的连接;存储单元,用 For the power supply and the power consumption of processed information to generate electricity meters; a wireless communication unit for the wireless output power according to the measurement information; the display terminal from the bidirectional the metering socket power consumption information and information of the wireless receiving said power supply, and power supply and said power consumption information displaying and outputting information; the bidirectional communication power meter, the power consumption metering, generated the total power consumption information; and said wireless display terminal from the received information and the power consumption of the power supply information, and the total power consumption of the display information, the total power consumption of the information, power consumption information and information of the wireless output power supply; the bidirectional metering receptacle further comprising: a carrier communication unit for receiving information of the external power supply device power transmitted through the power line environment; a display unit for the electricity metering information and power information display; relay for opening or conducting electrical power line and the external environment or an external device connected to power; storage unit, with 于对所述的用电计量信息和供电信息进行存储;多个指示灯,用于对电源工作状态和用电计费状态进行指不; 所述的指示灯包括:设`备电源指示灯、尖费率指示灯、峰费率指示灯、平费率指示灯和谷费率指示灯。 In electricity supply metering information and storing the information; a plurality of LEDs, for electrical power supply operating conditions and means not charging state; said indicator comprising: a power indicator disposed `apparatus, sharp rate indicator, the indicator-peak rates, flat rate tariff indicator lights and valleys.
2.如权利要求1所述的系统,其特征是,所述的系统还包括:手持终端,所述的手持终端与所述的双向通信电能表之间为无线通信连接,用于采集所述双向通信电能表输出的总电力能耗信息、耗电量信息和供电量信息;并对所述双向通信电能表的参数进行设置;并将采集的总电力能耗信息、耗电量信息和供电量信息进行无线输出。 2. The system according to claim 1, characterized in that, said system further comprising: a handheld terminal, handheld terminal between said two-way communication with the power meter is a wireless communication connection, for acquiring the the total consumption power meter information outputted from two-way communication, the power consumption information and information of power supply; and a bidirectional communication parameter meter is provided; and the total power consumption information acquisition, and power consumption information outputting amount information wirelessly.
3.如权利要求1所述的系统,其特征是,所述的插头为,三相电能插头;所述的插孔为,三相电能插孔。 The system according to claim 1, wherein said plug is a three-phase electrical power plug; the jack is, three-phase power jack.
4.如权利要求1所述的系统,其特征是,所述的显示终端包括:无线通信单元,指令生成单元,中央处理单元和显示单元;所述的无线通信单元用于接收或发送所述双向计量插座输出的用电计量信息以及外部无线通信模块传来的热力计量信息、燃气计量信息和用水计量信息;所述的指令生成单元用于生成控制所述双向计量插座工作的控制指令;所述的中央处理单元将所述的用电计量信息、热力计量信息、燃气计量信息和用水计量信息在所述的显示单元上进行显示,并将所述的控制指令通过所述的无线通信单元发给所述的双向计量插座。 4. The system according to claim 1, wherein said display terminal comprising: a wireless communication unit, an instruction generating unit, a central processing unit and a display unit; said wireless communication unit for transmitting or receiving the electricity metering information and an external wireless communication module way metering receptacle outlet of the heat coming from the measurement information, gas and water metering information metering information; said instruction generating unit for generating a control command to control the work of the bidirectional metering receptacle; the said central processing unit of the electricity metering information, measurement information heat, water and gas metering information and metering information is displayed on the display unit, and the control command through the radio communication unit hair according to the way metering receptacle.
5.如权利要求1所述的系统,其特征是,所述的双向通信电能表包括:主控CPU ;以及: 数据采集单元,用于从电力线采集电压信号和电流信号;数据处理单元,用于对采集的电压信号和电流信号进行处理,生成电压质量信息和电能计量信息; 显示单元,用于对所述的电压质量信息和电能计量信息进行显示; 通信装置接口,用于与一个通信装置相连接; 多个通信制式彼此不同的通信装置,在所述的多个通信制式彼此不同的通信装置中择一与所述的通信装置接口相连接,用于将所述的电压质量信息和电能计量信息发送给远端; 所述的主控CPU控制所述的数据采集单元、数据处理单元、显示单元、通信装置接口以及与所述通信装置接口连接的通信装置的工作。 5. The system according to claim 1, characterized in that said bidirectional communication power meter comprising: a main control the CPU; and: data acquisition means for collecting voltage and current signals from the power line; and a data processing unit for in voltage and current signals acquired for processing, the voltage generating energy information and quality information; a display unit for displaying voltage quality information and the energy information; it means a communication interface for communication with a device It is connected; a plurality of communications standards different from each other communication apparatus, a selection means connected to the communication interface of the plurality of communication formats different from each other communication apparatus, quality information for the voltage and power of the the metering information to the distal end; data acquisition unit according to the control of the main CPU, the data processing unit, a display operation unit, a communication device interface and a communication device connected to the communication device interface.
6.如权利要求5所述的系统,其特征是,所述的多个通信制式彼此不同的通信装置包括:GPRS通信装置、3G通信装置、载波通信装置和短距无线通信装置。 The system as claimed in claim 5, characterized in that said plurality of communications standards different from each other communication apparatus comprising: GPRS communication apparatus, 3G communication apparatus, multicarrier communication apparatus and the short range wireless communication apparatus.
7.如权利要求6所述的系统,其特征是,所述的GPRS通信装置包括:CPU、串行接口、LED指示灯、看门狗电路、存储器和GPRS通信模块; 所述的3G通信装置包括:CPU、串行接口、LED指示灯、看门狗电路、存储器和3G通信模块; 所述的载波通信装置包括:CPU、串行接口、LED指示灯、看门狗电路、存储器和电力线载波通信模块; 所述的短距无线通信装置包括:CPU、串行接口、LED指示灯、看门狗电路、存储器和短距无线通信模块。 3G communication apparatus according to; the CPU, a serial interface, LED indicator, watchdog circuit, a memory and a GPRS communication module: The system as claimed in claim 6, wherein said communication means comprises a GPRS comprising: CPU, a serial interface, LED indicator, watchdog circuit, a memory and a 3G communication module; said communication apparatus comprising a carrier: CPU, a serial interface, LED indicator, watchdog circuit, a memory and a power line carrier communication module; said short range wireless communication apparatus comprising: CPU, a serial interface, LED indicator, watchdog circuit, a memory and a short range wireless communication module.
8.如权利要求5所述的系统,其特征是,所述的双向通信电能表还包括:光电隔离电路,所述的通信装置接口通过所述的光电隔离电路与所述的主控CPU相连接。 8. The system according to claim 5, characterized in that said bidirectional communication power meter further comprises: optical isolation circuit, according to the communication device interface of the host CPU by optical isolation circuit and the phase connection.
9.如权利要求5所述的系统,其特征是,所述的双向通信电能表还包括:事件传感器,用于对电能表本地的事件信号进行检测,并将所述的事件信号传送给所述的数据处理单元生成事件报警信息,由所述的通信装置将所述的事件报警信息发送给远端。 9. The system according to claim 5, characterized in that said bidirectional communication power meter further comprising: an event sensor for local meter event signal is detected, and the event signal is transmitted to the said data processing unit generates an alarm event information transmitted by the communication device to the alarm information to the remote event.
10.如权利要求9所述的系统,其特征是,所述的事件传感器包括:电能表开盖传感电路、电能表电池欠压传感电路和/或电能表温度传感器。 10. The system according to claim 9, wherein said event sensor comprising: a sensing circuit decap meter, meter battery voltage sensing circuitry, and / or a temperature sensor meter.
11.如权利要求5所述的系统,其特征是,所述的双向通信电能表还包括:开关控制单元,该开关控制单元包括继电器和过零检测电路;其中, 所述的过零检测电路从所述的电力线中采集故障信号和运行状态信号,并将所述故障信号和运行状态信号传送给所述的主控CPU,所述的主控CPU根据所述的故障信号和运行状态信号控制所述的继电器动作。 11. The system according to claim 5, characterized in that said bidirectional communication power meter further comprises: switching control unit, which control unit comprises a relay switch and a zero-crossing detection circuit; wherein the zero-crossing detection circuit fault signal acquisition and operating states of the signal from the power line, the state signal and the fault signal and transmitting the operation to the main CPU, the host CPU based on the fault signal and the operation state of said control signal said relay.
12.如权利要求5所述的系统,其特征是,所述的双向通信电能表还包括:本地通信单元,用于将所述的电压质量信息和电能计量信息发送给近端通信设备; 所述的本地通信单元包括:红外通信模块、RS485通信模块、M-BUS通信模块或Zig Bee通信模块。 12. The system according to claim 5, characterized in that said bidirectional communication power meter further comprising: a local communication unit for transmitting the quality information and the voltage of the energy information communication device to a proximal end; the said local communication unit comprises: an infrared communication module, RS485 communication module, M-BUS communication module or communication module Zig Bee.
13.如权利要求2所述的系统,其特征是,所述的手持终端包括:CPU ;以及: 电能表通信单元,用于通过短距无线通信方式与所述的双向通信电能表进行通信; 电能表控制单元,用于对所述双向通信电能表的包含抄表、送电、软件升级和参数设置的操作进行控制;显示单元,用于对电能计量信息进行显示; 主站通信单元,用于通过无线通信网络与远端主站进行通信。 13. The system according to claim 2, wherein said hand-held terminal comprising: the CPU; and a: power meter communication means for communicating via short-range wireless communication with the meter bidirectional communication; the control unit power meter, the meter comprising a meter in two-way communication, transmission, software upgrades and operating parameters are controlled; a display unit for displaying energy information; master communication unit, with to communicate via a wireless communication network with the remote master station.
14.如权利要求13所述的系统,其特征是,所述的手持终端还包括:打印机,用于打印输出电能计量信息; 手写屏,用于接受手写信息; 定位单元,用于对所述手持终端的地理位置进行定位; 存储器,用于对所`述的电能计量信息进行存储。 Positioning means for the; printer, for printing out energy information; handwriting screen for receiving handwritten information: 14. The system as claimed in claim 13, wherein said handheld terminal further comprises positioning the handheld terminal location; memory, for the energy information is stored in said `.
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