CN205297483U - Beam -pumping unit is driven on top - Google Patents

Beam -pumping unit is driven on top Download PDF

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Publication number
CN205297483U
CN205297483U CN201520824093.XU CN201520824093U CN205297483U CN 205297483 U CN205297483 U CN 205297483U CN 201520824093 U CN201520824093 U CN 201520824093U CN 205297483 U CN205297483 U CN 205297483U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
assembly
pylon
pumping unit
tandem
power drum
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Active
Application number
CN201520824093.XU
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
李培江
刘波
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Shengli new big new materials Co., Ltd
Original Assignee
Shengli Oilfield Xinda Pipes Technology Development Co Ltd
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Application filed by Shengli Oilfield Xinda Pipes Technology Development Co Ltd filed Critical Shengli Oilfield Xinda Pipes Technology Development Co Ltd
Priority to CN201520824093.XU priority Critical patent/CN205297483U/en
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Abstract

The utility model relates to a beam -pumping unit is driven on top. Its technical scheme is: the top of motor assembly, shaft coupling stopper, reduction gear, power roller assembly, direction roller assembly erection tower assembly, set up the guide rail system in the foretell pylon assembly on the direction of height of edge. Foretell balance box assembly both sides are installed and are set upright or straight the pulley, and the top is equipped with rubber belt assembly and connects the otic placode, foretell rubber belt assembly one end is connected with the balance box assembly, and the other end is connected with the polished rod eye of being connected the polished rod. Foretell cat ladder assembly, guardrail assembly, time limit switch, magnetic sensor, last limit switch install on the pylon assembly. The beneficial effects are that: it cooperates driven beam -pumping unit pattern to have changed traditional pass through speed reducer, gear and crank link mechanism, compare with prior art's beam -pumping unit, the utility model discloses a beam -pumping unit has advantages such as small, that area is little, the stroke is long, the noise is little, mechanical transmission is efficient.

Description

Top drive pumping unit
Technical field
This utility model relates to a kind of oil exploitation machinery, particularly to one top drive pumping unit.
Background technology
At present, the oil pumper kind that each oil extraction in oil field uses is a lot, including: beam pumping unit, hydraulic pumping unit, chain drive pumping unit etc. Wherein, beam pumping unit parts are many, and installation workload is big, and efficiency is low, and complexity is safeguarded in corrective maintenance, and installed power is big, and energy resource consumption is big, and load changes greatly, and stroke is short. Hydraulic pumping unit energy consumption is high, efficiency is low; Chain drive pumping unit noise is big, oil leaking pollution environment;
Summary of the invention
The purpose of this utility model is aiming at the drawbacks described above that prior art exists, it is provided that a kind of top drive pumping unit, it is little that it has volume, and floor space is little, and stroke is long, and stroke is adjustable, good stability, noise are little, transmission efficiency advantages of higher.
Its technical scheme is: include motor assembly (1), shaft coupling brake (2), decelerator (3), power drum assembly (4), guide pulley assembly (5), base (6), electrical control cubicles assembly (7), tandem-driving bogie assembly (8), pylon assembly (9), balata belt assembly (10), guardrail assembly (11), cat ladder assembly (12), lower position switch (13), Magnetic Sensor (14), upper limit position switch (15), described motor assembly (1), shaft coupling brake (2), decelerator (3), power drum assembly (4), guide pulley assembly (5) is arranged on pylon assembly (9) top, shaft coupling brake (2) is adopted to couple between motor assembly (1) with decelerator (3), the bottom of pylon assembly (9) is arranged on base (6), and also installs electrical control cubicles assembly (7) on base (6), described pylon assembly (9) is provided with guardrail assembly (11), cat ladder assembly (12), lower position switch (13), Magnetic Sensor (14), upper limit position switch (15), it addition, one end connecting with pumping rod of balata belt assembly (10), the other end walks around guide pulley assembly (5) and power drum assembly (4) connects tandem-driving bogie assembly (8),Tandem-driving bogie assembly (8) is arranged in the pylon assembly (9) of oil pumper; Electrical control cubicles assembly (7) output power is powered to motor assembly (1), and motor assembly (1) rotating alternate rotation on request also drives power drum assembly (4) to make rotating alternate rotation by shaft coupling brake (2), decelerator (3); Power drum assembly (4) is made alternate reciprocating motion by frictional force drives balata belt assembly (10) and drives tandem-driving bogie assembly (8) and rod string to make up and down reciprocatingly rectilinear motion to realize oil pumper and pump continuously operation.
The output shaft of above-mentioned decelerator (3) is overall major axis, and major axis is installed power drum assembly (4), and one end of major axis is supported by decelerator (3), and the other end is supported by bearing block assembly.
Above-mentioned guide pulley assembly (5) and power drum assembly (4) center alignment, guide pulley assembly (5) changes the horizontal level of balata belt assembly (10), make the center near pylon assembly (9), the center of power drum assembly (4) so that the turning torque that complete machine is subject to reduces.
Above-mentioned tandem-driving bogie assembly (8) is arranged in oil pumper pylon assembly (9), both sides are provided with righting pulley, in pylon assembly, tower height direction is provided with guide rail, tandem-driving bogie righting pulley pumps along the guide rail in pylon assembly (9), and described tandem-driving bogie assembly (8) top is provided with the connection otic placode of balata belt assembly (10).
The beneficial effects of the utility model are: change traditional beam pumping unit pattern being coordinated transmission by reductor, gear with toggle; Adopt balata belt assembly and power drum assembly and guide pulley assembly that the rotary motion of drive motor assembly is changed over the straight reciprocating motion of rod string, make motor assembly drive rod string straight reciprocating motion drive mechanism simple, volume is little, parts are few, transmission process power consumption less, improve machinery driving efficiency; Employing balata belt connects, and balata belt has elastic buffer effect, reduces the reversing impact of oil pumper, makes rod string run more steady, and it is fuller that power indicator card shows, and then extend the turn(a)round of oil well and improve pump efficiency. The rotating speed of motor and revolution can be controlled to adjust the stroke of sucker rod, jig frequency so that the stroke jig frequency of sucker rod can be arranged according to hole condition, improves oil extraction system performance simultaneously; Adopting gravitational equilibrium to make being equal in weight of tandem-driving bogie and rod string, the two ends of balata belt are in poised state all the time, so that dynamical system only need to provide less power to balata belt, reduce the energy consumption of dynamical system. Compared with the oil pumper of prior art, oil pumper of the present utility model has that volume is little, floor space is little, stroke length, noise are little, machinery driving efficiency advantages of higher.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Accompanying drawing 1 is perspective view of the present utility model;
Accompanying drawing 2 is top view of the present utility model;
Accompanying drawing 3 is front view of the present utility model;
Accompanying drawing 4 is side view of the present utility model;
In upper figure: motor assembly (1), shaft coupling brake (2), decelerator (3), power drum assembly (4), guide pulley assembly (5), base (6), electrical control cubicles assembly (7), tandem-driving bogie assembly (8), pylon assembly (9), balata belt assembly (10), guardrail assembly (11), cat ladder assembly (12), lower position switch (13), Magnetic Sensor (14), upper limit position switch (15).
Detailed description of the invention
In conjunction with accompanying drawing 1-4, the utility model will be further described:
The top drive pumping unit that this utility model is mentioned, including motor assembly (1), shaft coupling brake (2), decelerator (3), power drum assembly (4), guide pulley assembly (5), base (6), electrical control cubicles assembly (7), tandem-driving bogie assembly (8), pylon assembly (9), balata belt assembly (10), guardrail assembly (11), cat ladder assembly (12), lower position switch (13), Magnetic Sensor (14), upper limit position switch (15), described motor assembly (1), shaft coupling brake (2), decelerator (3), power drum assembly (4), guide pulley assembly (5) is arranged on pylon assembly (9) top, shaft coupling brake (2) is adopted to couple between motor assembly (1) with decelerator (3), the bottom of pylon assembly (9) is arranged on base (6), and also installs electrical control cubicles assembly (7) on base (6), described pylon assembly (9) is provided with guardrail assembly (11), cat ladder assembly (12), lower position switch (13), Magnetic Sensor (14), upper limit position switch (15), it addition, one end connecting with pumping rod of balata belt assembly (10), the other end walks around guide pulley assembly (5) and power drum assembly (4) connects tandem-driving bogie assembly (8), tandem-driving bogie assembly (8) is arranged in the pylon assembly (9) of oil pumper, electrical control cubicles assembly (7) output power is powered to motor assembly (1), and motor assembly (1) rotating alternate rotation on request also drives power drum assembly (4) to make rotating alternate rotation by shaft coupling brake (2), decelerator (3), power drum assembly (4) is made alternate reciprocating motion by frictional force drives balata belt assembly (10) and drives tandem-driving bogie assembly (8) and rod string to make up and down reciprocatingly rectilinear motion to realize oil pumper and pump continuously operation.
Wherein, the output shaft of decelerator (3) is overall major axis, and major axis is installed power drum assembly (4), and one end of major axis is supported by decelerator (3), and the other end is supported by bearing block assembly.
Above-mentioned guide pulley assembly (5) and power drum assembly (4) center alignment, guide pulley assembly (5) changes the horizontal level of balata belt assembly (10), make the center near pylon assembly (9), the center of power drum assembly (4) so that the turning torque that complete machine is subject to reduces.
Above-mentioned tandem-driving bogie assembly (8) is arranged in oil pumper pylon assembly (9), both sides are provided with righting pulley, tandem-driving bogie righting pulley pumps along the guide rail in pylon assembly (9), and described tandem-driving bogie assembly (8) top is provided with the connection otic placode of balata belt assembly (10).
The top drive pumping unit that this utility model is mentioned, specifically used method comprises the following steps:
A () top drive pumping unit has assembled, when system is not actuated, tandem-driving bogie assembly (8) is in the bottom of stroke, after system start-up, motor assembly (1) directly drives the rotating forward of power drum (4) by decelerator (3), and power drum (4) is by jointly driving, with the frictional force and rod string gravity of balata belt assembly (10), tandem-driving bogie assembly (8) upstroke being connected with balata belt assembly (10). when tandem-driving bogie assembly (8) produces commutation signal supply electrical control cubicles assembly (7) when Magnetic Sensor (14), electrical control cubicles assembly (7) controls motor assembly (1) revolution according to code device signal, through the encoder of dynamical system by revolution and speed feedback signal to electrical control cubicles assembly (7), tandem-driving bogie assembly (8) is finally made to arrive the top (terminal of down stroke) of pylon assembly (9), motor assembly (1) stall, now tandem-driving bogie assembly (8) is positioned at pylon assembly (9) top, the polished rod eye of connecting with pumping rod is in lowest order, namely the down stroke of top drive pumping unit is completed.Electrical control cubicles assembly (7) controls motor assembly (1) commutation and rotates, the gravity of dynamical system power and tandem-driving bogie assembly (8) drives rod string up jointly, when tandem-driving bogie assembly (8) produces commutation signal supply electrical control cubicles assembly (7) when Magnetic Sensor (14), electrical control cubicles assembly (7) controls motor rotations according to code device signal, through the encoder of dynamical system by revolution and speed feedback signal to electrical control cubicles assembly (7), tandem-driving bogie assembly (8) is finally made to arrive the bottom (terminal of upstroke) of pylon assembly (9), motor stalling, now tandem-driving bogie assembly (8) is positioned at the bottom of pylon assembly (9), the polished rod eye of connecting with pumping rod is in highest order, namely the upstroke of top drive pumping unit is completed. the up-down stroke of oil pumper replaces continuous operation and realizes oil pumper and pump continuously operation.
B () cuts off electrical source of power, motor assembly (1) stops power output, and shaft coupling brake (2) is reliably braked, and all parts that pump stop at present position rapidly, and not manual operation will not be moved;
The above, be only preferred embodiment of the present utility model, and this utility model is all revised possibly also with the technical scheme of above-mentioned elaboration or is revised as equivalent technical scheme by any those of ordinary skill in the art. Therefore, any simple modification carried out according to the technical solution of the utility model or substitute equivalents, belong to the greatest extent the scope that this utility model claims.

Claims (4)

1. a top drive pumping unit, it is characterized in that: include motor assembly (1), shaft coupling brake (2), decelerator (3), power drum assembly (4), guide pulley assembly (5), base (6), electrical control cubicles assembly (7), tandem-driving bogie assembly (8), pylon assembly (9), balata belt assembly (10), guardrail assembly (11), cat ladder assembly (12), lower position switch (13), Magnetic Sensor (14), upper limit position switch (15), described motor assembly (1), shaft coupling brake (2), decelerator (3), power drum assembly (4), guide pulley assembly (5) is arranged on pylon assembly (9) top, shaft coupling brake (2) is adopted to couple between motor assembly (1) with decelerator (3), the bottom of pylon assembly (9) is arranged on base (6), and also installs electrical control cubicles assembly (7) on base (6), described pylon assembly (9) is provided with guardrail assembly (11), cat ladder assembly (12), lower position switch (13), Magnetic Sensor (14), upper limit position switch (15), it addition, one end connecting with pumping rod of balata belt assembly (10), the other end walks around guide pulley assembly (5) and power drum assembly (4) connects tandem-driving bogie assembly (8), tandem-driving bogie assembly (8) is arranged in the pylon assembly (9) of oil pumper, electrical control cubicles assembly (7) output power is powered to motor assembly (1), and motor assembly (1) rotating alternate rotation on request also drives power drum assembly (4) to make rotating alternate rotation by shaft coupling brake (2), decelerator (3), power drum assembly (4) is made alternate reciprocating motion by frictional force drives balata belt assembly (10) and drives tandem-driving bogie assembly (8) and rod string to make up and down reciprocatingly rectilinear motion to realize oil pumper and pump continuously operation.
2. top according to claim 1 drive pumping unit, is characterized in that: the output shaft of described decelerator (3) is overall major axis, and major axis is installed power drum assembly (4), and one end of major axis is supported by decelerator (3), and the other end is supported by bearing block assembly.
3. top according to claim 1 drive pumping unit, it is characterized in that: described guide pulley assembly (5) and power drum assembly (4) center alignment, guide pulley assembly (5) changes the horizontal level of balata belt assembly (10), make the center near pylon assembly (9), the center of power drum assembly (4) so that the turning torque that complete machine is subject to reduces.
4. top according to claim 1 drive pumping unit, it is characterized in that: described tandem-driving bogie assembly (8) is arranged in oil pumper pylon assembly (9), both sides are provided with righting pulley, in pylon assembly (9), tower height direction is provided with guide rail, tandem-driving bogie righting pulley pumps along the guide rail in pylon assembly (9), and described tandem-driving bogie assembly (8) top is provided with the connection otic placode of balata belt assembly (10).
CN201520824093.XU 2015-10-23 2015-10-23 Beam -pumping unit is driven on top Active CN205297483U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201520824093.XU CN205297483U (en) 2015-10-23 2015-10-23 Beam -pumping unit is driven on top

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN205297483U true CN205297483U (en) 2016-06-08

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Country Status (1)

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN116752940A (en) * 2023-08-23 2023-09-15 克拉玛依市圣起钻采设备有限责任公司 Beam-free mechanical reversing type pumping unit

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN116752940A (en) * 2023-08-23 2023-09-15 克拉玛依市圣起钻采设备有限责任公司 Beam-free mechanical reversing type pumping unit

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Address after: 257091, No. 221, South Road, an industrial park, Dongying Economic Development Zone, Shandong

Patentee after: Shengli new big new materials Co., Ltd

Address before: 257091, No. 221, South Road, an industrial park, Dongying Economic Development Zone, Shandong

Patentee before: SHENGLI OILFIELD XINDA PIPES TECHNOLOGY DEVELOPMENT Co.,Ltd.