CN205239958U - Hierarchical packagine machine in integrated sorter of secret tuber crop such as potato - Google Patents

Hierarchical packagine machine in integrated sorter of secret tuber crop such as potato Download PDF

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Publication number
CN205239958U
CN205239958U CN201520618682.2U CN201520618682U CN205239958U CN 205239958 U CN205239958 U CN 205239958U CN 201520618682 U CN201520618682 U CN 201520618682U CN 205239958 U CN205239958 U CN 205239958U
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Prior art keywords
inclined angle
angle belt
belt
potato
classification
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Expired - Fee Related
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CN201520618682.2U
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Chinese (zh)
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赵东明
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赵东明
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Abstract

The utility model provides a hierarchical packagine machine in integrated sorter of secret tuber crop such as potato, including hierarchical packagine machine frame, inclination belt, grader, feed bin, packing carousel, wrapping bag and wheel assembly, adopt above -mentioned technical scheme, realized secret tuber crop's such as potato size classification, avoided the problem that same grade product quality is uneven, improved work efficiency.

Description

Classification packing machine in the integrated separator of the excavating machine of underground tubers such as a kind of potato
Technical field
The utility model relates to agricultural results and processing equipment technical field, the classification packing machine in especially a kind of integrated separator that is applicable to the excavating machine of underground tuber results such as potato under various edaphic condition and processing.
Background technology
Potato is a kind of crops of high yield, and the cultivated area of China potato reaches ten thousand hectares of 700-800, and cultivated area occupies the whole world first.
At present, in the excavating machine of underground tuber production processes such as potato, results are labour intensity maximums, the cargo handling operation that recruitment is maximum, account for and produce 70% of total recruitment, when results the underground crop such as potato by after playing a receipts machine and digging out into strips bulk storage on ground, by manually picking up entrucking or packing bag, whole operation process needs a large amount of artificial vehicles with having bad luck, and is the key that affects output and quality again. Not stint high price and employ people, employ car in order to get the harvest in quickly in every harvest season plantation family, causes gathering in the crops cost high. Because not gathering in the crops in time, the potato of annual loss will account for the 5-10% of total output, as gathers in the crops evening, easily meets frost, and the loss causing is larger.
After potato harvest, require anosis of the potato of warehouse-in storage, without rotten potato, without wound, without frostbite, without earth and other impurity, this has just increased the selection workload before warehouse-in, potato first just needs clear mud, goes soil, classification, packaging before warehouse-in, could meet the different demands of vegetable food processing, starch processing and potato seed selling market, to reach best cost performance. Current picking produce mainly with artificial fall a bag sorting mode be main, time and effort consuming, production efficiency is low, production cost is high, and only by artificial visually examine can not be precisely, the order of magnitude of sorting potato effectively, artificial separation efficiency is low, labour intensity is large.
Summary of the invention
Problem to be solved in the utility model is to provide the classification packing machine in the integrated separators of excavating machine of underground tuber such as a kind of potato that can automatically material be distinguished to size and pack respectively.
For solving the problems of the technologies described above, the technical solution adopted in the utility model is: the classification packing machine in the integrated separator of the excavating machine of underground tubers such as a kind of potato, comprises frame, inclined angle belt, grader, feed bin, packaging rotating disk, packaging bag and wheel set;
Described inclined angle belt slant setting, its bottom is feeding mouth, top is discharging opening, and the upper surface of this inclined angle belt is evenly provided with multiple V-type rubber stop flitch;
Described grader is fixed in described classification packaging frame, comprise the counteracting spring propellers that many groups group gap is adjustable, the feeding mouth of this grader docks with the discharging opening of described inclined angle belt, and the below of described counteracting spring propellers is provided with three discharge bins continuously by feeding mouth to tail end;
The exit correspondence of described three discharge bin lower ends is provided with three package dress rotating disks, and described packaging bag is hung on described packaging rotating disk;
Described wheel set is installed in the lower end of described frame.
Further, the angle of inclination of described inclined angle belt is 25 degree.
Further, the wide 650mm of described inclined angle belt, comprise inclined angle belt installing plate, inclined angle belt driving drum, inclined angle belt bend pulley and inclination angle conveyer belt, described inclined angle belt is fixedly mounted in described frame by described inclined angle belt installing plate, on described inclined angle belt installing plate, be also provided with the inclination angle conveyer belt parallel roll of 7 diameter 89mm, in order to hold up and to share uniformly from inclination angle conveyer belt and the pressure of bringing material, described inclined angle belt driving drum and inclined angle belt bend pulley are rotatably fixed on respectively the inside at described inclined angle belt two ends, and contact with inclination angle conveyer belt, described inclined angle belt driving drum and motor, the transmission of deceleration chain.
Further, the size of described V-type rubber stop flitch is 20mm*20mm, and this V-type rubber stop flitch is uniform by 300 ㎜ spacing on inclined angle belt.
Further, described classification machine width 1200mm, driven by motor, reductor, described counteracting spring propellers have five groups, formed by the plain roller cylinder of 5 diameter 120mm and the spring spiral roller of 5 diameter 120mm respectively, rotating Vortex, its bearing block is arranged in range-adjustable mechanism, adjust the spacing between roll shaft by the angle of adjustment stroke mechanism, realize size classification.
Further, described range-adjustable mechanism comprises two Sawtooth connection bars, in these two Sawtooth connection bars, the mid point of corresponding bar is rotatably connected, and the joint of described Sawtooth connection bar is for being rotatably connected, described bearing block is fixed on described two Sawtooth connection pole pairs answers the position that is rotatably connected of bar mid point.
Further, described feed bin is formed by Q235 Plate Welding, and the flexible rubber band that is provided with wide 70 ㎜ in its liner draws in the net, and connects well-graded material for holder, avoids material free-falling to impact the epidermis breakage that hopper liner causes.
Further, described packaging rotating disk comprises that base, bottom are fixed on back shaft on described base, are rotatably fixed on the support for rotary disc on described back shaft top and around equally distributed at least three the hanging bag mouths of described support for rotary disc.
Further, described wheel set comprises the axletree, wheel hub and the tire that are positioned at frame lower.
Advantage and the good effect that the utlity model has are: adopt technique scheme, realize the big or small automatic classification of the excavating machine of underground tubers such as potato, avoid the uneven problem of same grade products quality, and realize on packaging rotating disk unloading, support bag, hanging bag and carried out simultaneously, improved operating efficiency.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is classification packing machine structural representation;
Fig. 2 is grader top view;
Fig. 3 is range-adjustable mechanism structure schematic diagram;
Fig. 4 is inclined angle belt top view.
In figure: 1-frame, 2-inclined angle belt, 21-V type rubber shelves flitch, 3-grader, 31-Sawtooth connection bar, 32-bearing block, 4-feed bin, 5-packs rotating disk, 51-base, 52-support bar, 53-support for rotary disc, 6-wheel set.
Detailed description of the invention
Below with reference to the accompanying drawings and specific embodiment the utility model is made to detailed description.
As shown in Figure 1, the utility model comprises classification packaging frame 1, inclined angle belt 2, grader 3, feed bin 4, packaging rotating disk 5, packaging bag and wheel set 6.
As shown in Figure 4, inclined angle belt 2 slant settings, its bottom is feeding mouth, top is discharging opening, and the upper surface of this inclined angle belt 2 is evenly provided with multiple V-type rubber stop flitch 21, in order to avoid circular material to roll downwards.
The wide 650mm of inclined angle belt 2, comprise inclined angle belt installing plate, inclined angle belt driving drum, inclined angle belt bend pulley and inclination angle conveyer belt, inclined angle belt 2 is fixedly mounted in classification packaging frame 1 by inclined angle belt installing plate, on inclined angle belt installing plate, be also provided with the inclination angle conveyer belt parallel roll of 7 diameter 89mm, in order to hold up and to share uniformly from conveyer belt and the pressure of bringing material, inclined angle belt driving drum and inclined angle belt bend pulley are rotatably fixed on respectively the inside at inclined angle belt 2 two ends, and contact with inclination angle conveyer belt, inclined angle belt driving drum and motor, the transmission of deceleration chain.
The size of V-type rubber stop flitch 21 is 20mm*20mm.
Distance between every adjacent two V-type rubber stop flitch is 300mm.
As shown in Figure 2, the wide 1200mm of grader 3, be fixed in classification packaging frame, comprise five groups of counteracting spring propellers that gap is adjustable, by motor, reductor drives, five groups of grader counteracting spring propellers are made up of the grader plain roller cylinder of 5 diameter 120mm and the grader spring spiral roller of 5 diameter 120mm respectively, rotating Vortex, its bearing block is arranged in range-adjustable mechanism, adjust the spacing between roll shaft by the angle of adjustment stroke mechanism, realize by large, medium and small classification, the feeding mouth of this grader 3 docks with the discharging opening of inclined angle belt, the below of counteracting spring propellers is provided with three discharge bins continuously to end by feeding mouth, and the large, medium and small three grades of gaps between five groups of counteracting spring propellers are corresponding.
The exit correspondence of three discharge bin 4 lower ends is provided with three package dress rotating disks 5, and packaging bag is hung on packaging rotating disk 5;
Wheel set 6 is installed in the lower end of frame 1.
The angle of inclination of inclined angle belt 2 is 25 degree.
As shown in Figure 3, range-adjustable mechanism comprises two Sawtooth connection bars 31, in these two Sawtooth connection bars 31, the mid point of corresponding bar is rotatably connected, and the joint of Sawtooth connection bar 31 is for being rotatably connected, and bearing block 32 is fixed on the position that is rotatably connected of the corresponding bar mid point of two Sawtooth connection bars 31.
Feed bin 4 adopts Q235 Plate Welding to form, and the flexible rubber band that is provided with wide 70 ㎜ in its liner draws in the net, and connects well-graded material for holder, avoids its free-falling to impact the epidermis breakage that hopper liner causes.
Packaging rotating disk 5 comprises that base 51, bottom are fixed on back shaft 52 on base 51, are rotatably fixed on the support for rotary disc 53 on described back shaft 52 tops and around equally distributed at least three the hanging bag mouths of described support for rotary disc 53, packaging bag is hung on hanging bag mouth.
Wheel set 6 comprises the axletree, wheel hub and the tire that are positioned at frame lower.
The course of work of the present utility model is: inclined angle belt 2 convey materials are to grader 3, five groups of grader counteracting spring propellers rotating in same directions in grader 3, and nine gaps between five groups of counteracting spring propellers be divided into little in large three grades, and large three discharge bins 4 in respectively corresponding little, when material is during through five groups of counteracting spring propellers, the material that diameter is less than the gap between the little level of front end counteracting spring propellers is fallen into the feed bin 4 of front-seat little grade by this gap, in the time that material is greater than the gap between little level counteracting spring propellers, material continues to proceed to the gap between intermediate counteracting spring propellers, the material in the gap in the middle of diameter is less than between intermediate counteracting spring propellers falls into the intermediate feed bin of row 4 by this gap, in the time that material is greater than the gap between intermediate counteracting spring propellers, material continues proceed to the gap between large level counteracting spring propellers and fall in the feed bin 4 of the large level of rear row,
Three package dress rotating disks 5 are corresponding one by one with the discharging opening of three discharge bin 4 lower ends, rotate packaging rotating disk 5, one that makes to be hung in three packaging bags on three hanging bag mouths docks with discharging opening, in order to access the material of corresponding feed bin 4, in the time that packaging bag is filled, rotation packaging rotating disk 5, next packaging bag hanging is docked with discharging opening, so that the unloading of upper one packaging bag of filling is easy to operate, improve operating efficiency.
Above embodiment of the present utility model is had been described in detail, but described content is only preferred embodiment of the present utility model, can not be considered to for limiting practical range of the present invention. All equalization variation and improvement etc. of doing according to the utility model scope, within all should still belonging to this patent covering scope.

Claims (10)

1. the classification packing machine in the integrated separator of excavating machine of underground tuber such as potato, is characterized in that: comprise frame, inclined angle belt, grader, feed bin, packaging rotating disk, packaging bag and wheel set;
Described inclined angle belt slant setting, its bottom is feeding mouth, top is discharging opening, and the upper surface of this inclined angle belt is evenly provided with multiple V-type rubber stop flitch;
Described grader is fixed in described classification packaging frame, comprise the counteracting spring propellers that many groups group gap is adjustable, the feeding mouth of this grader docks with the discharging opening of described inclined angle belt, and the below of described counteracting spring propellers is provided with three discharge bins continuously by feeding mouth to tail end;
The exit correspondence of described three discharge bin lower ends is provided with three package dress rotating disks, and described packaging bag is hung on described packaging rotating disk;
Described wheel set is installed in the lower end of described frame.
2. the classification packing machine in the integrated separator of excavating machine of underground tuber such as potato according to claim 1, is characterized in that: the angle of inclination of described inclined angle belt is 25 degree.
3. the classification packing machine in the integrated separator of excavating machine of underground tuber such as potato according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: the wide 650mm of described inclined angle belt, comprise inclined angle belt installing plate, inclined angle belt driving drum, inclined angle belt bend pulley and inclination angle conveyer belt, described inclined angle belt is fixedly mounted in described frame by described inclined angle belt installing plate, on described inclined angle belt installing plate, be also provided with the inclination angle conveyer belt parallel roll of 7 diameter 89mm, in order to hold up and to share uniformly from inclination angle conveyer belt and the pressure of bringing material, described inclined angle belt driving drum and inclined angle belt bend pulley are rotatably fixed on respectively the inside at described inclined angle belt two ends, and contact with inclination angle conveyer belt, described inclined angle belt driving drum and motor, the transmission of deceleration chain.
4. the classification packing machine in the integrated separator of excavating machine of underground tuber such as potato according to claim 1, is characterized in that: the size of described V-type rubber stop flitch is 20mm*20mm.
5. the classification packing machine in the integrated separator of excavating machine of underground tuber such as potato according to claim 1, is characterized in that: V-type rubber stop flitch is uniform by 300 ㎜ spacing on inclined angle belt.
6. the classification packing machine in the integrated separator of excavating machine of underground tuber such as potato according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described classification machine width 1200mm, driven by motor, reductor, described counteracting spring propellers have five groups, formed by the plain roller cylinder of 5 diameter 120mm and the spring spiral roller of 5 diameter 120mm respectively, rotating Vortex, its bearing block is arranged in range-adjustable mechanism.
7. the classification packing machine in the integrated separator of excavating machine of underground tuber such as potato according to claim 6, it is characterized in that: described range-adjustable mechanism comprises two Sawtooth connection bars, in these two Sawtooth connection bars, the mid point of corresponding bar is rotatably connected, and the joint of described Sawtooth connection bar is for being rotatably connected, described bearing block is fixed on described two Sawtooth connection pole pairs answers the position that is rotatably connected of bar mid point.
8. the classification packing machine in the integrated separator of excavating machine of underground tuber such as potato according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described feed bin is formed by Q235 Plate Welding, and the flexible rubber band that is provided with wide 70 ㎜ in its liner draws in the net.
9. the classification packing machine in the integrated separator of excavating machine of underground tuber such as potato according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described packaging rotating disk comprises that base, bottom are fixed on back shaft on described base, are rotatably fixed on the support for rotary disc on described back shaft top and around equally distributed at least three the hanging bag mouths of described support for rotary disc.
10. the classification packing machine in the integrated separator of excavating machine of underground tuber such as potato according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described wheel set comprises the axletree, wheel hub and the tire that are positioned at frame lower.
CN201520618682.2U 2015-08-17 2015-08-17 Hierarchical packagine machine in integrated sorter of secret tuber crop such as potato Expired - Fee Related CN205239958U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201520618682.2U CN205239958U (en) 2015-08-17 2015-08-17 Hierarchical packagine machine in integrated sorter of secret tuber crop such as potato

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201520618682.2U CN205239958U (en) 2015-08-17 2015-08-17 Hierarchical packagine machine in integrated sorter of secret tuber crop such as potato

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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105173133A (en) * 2015-08-17 2015-12-23 赵东明 Grading packaging machine of integrated sorting machine for potatoes and other underground tuber crops
CN109647730A (en) * 2018-12-12 2019-04-19 福建农林大学 A kind of Jujun grasses seedling stem sorting unit and its control method
CN111184230A (en) * 2019-12-26 2020-05-22 浙江大学 Automatic sorting and husking combined operation system and method for bamboo shoot processing

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105173133A (en) * 2015-08-17 2015-12-23 赵东明 Grading packaging machine of integrated sorting machine for potatoes and other underground tuber crops
CN109647730A (en) * 2018-12-12 2019-04-19 福建农林大学 A kind of Jujun grasses seedling stem sorting unit and its control method
CN109647730B (en) * 2018-12-12 2020-12-08 福建农林大学 Jujun grass seed stem sorting device and control method thereof
CN111184230A (en) * 2019-12-26 2020-05-22 浙江大学 Automatic sorting and husking combined operation system and method for bamboo shoot processing

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C14 Grant of patent or utility model
GR01 Patent grant
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20160518

Termination date: 20180817