CN205231459U - Electric charge lightning rod disappears - Google Patents

Electric charge lightning rod disappears Download PDF

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Publication number
CN205231459U
CN205231459U CN201521063906.4U CN201521063906U CN205231459U CN 205231459 U CN205231459 U CN 205231459U CN 201521063906 U CN201521063906 U CN 201521063906U CN 205231459 U CN205231459 U CN 205231459U
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China
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inductance
anode
lightning rod
trigger electrode
lotus
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CN201521063906.4U
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Chinese (zh)
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杨凯
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Individual
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Abstract

The utility model provides an electric charge lightning rod disappears. In this electric charge lightning rod disappears, the electric charge of responding to on the metal -back can change into through the accumulation in its inside polymerization and by special circuit structure seemingly has discontinuous pulse high -tension electricity, guide pin launches by the cloud electricity, ionization goes out one class of ionic conduction passageway in the atmosphere, and simultaneously, the cloud electric charge is also attracting this plasma semi -polarity opposite electric charge with it, thus, both leave to such an extent that nearlyer ionization is also being strengthened, after be connected together, the cloud electric charge is just caught, along waiting ionic conduction passageway, reach cloud electricity guide pin and go into ground, reach the mesh of eliminating the thunder and lightning from this.

Description

Electric eliminating lotus lightning rod
Technical field
The utility model relates to Lightning Prevention Technique field, particularly relates to a kind of electric eliminating lotus lightning rod.
Background technology
Thunderbolt is one of people's ten kinds of natural calamities the most serious of generally acknowledging, the disaster accident caused that is struck by lightning happens occasionally, and thunderbolt causes building damage, loss of life or personal injury, causes fire explosion, and the moment endangers the safety of people's lives and properties, therefore, how effectively to avoid the infringement of thunderbolt very important.
At present, for the harm that thunderbolt produces, the arresters such as lightning rod, lightning conducter, lightning conduction are installed in the measure generally taked, and carry out connecing sudden strain of a muscle, then lightning current are caused the earth, avoid the hazardous accidents that the facilities such as thunderbolt building cause.The general principle of lightning arrester is: thundercloud charged is in the air responded to due to electrostatic induction and produced the electric charge contrary with charge polarity in thundercloud on the object on ground, along with space thundercloud produces the enhancing of electric field, thundercloud produces downward descending leader over the ground, on ground, object then can produce upward leader upwards, when the spacing of upward leader and descending leader is enough little, then can be struck by lightning.On the basis of conventional lightning conductor, the international lightning intrusion of Univ Florida USA and test center director professor Rakov propose the concept of pre-arcing lightning rod.
Figure 1A and Figure 1B is the fundamental diagram of prior art pre-arcing lightning rod.Please refer to Figure 1A and Figure 1B, it is inner that d ' gap is positioned at pre-arcing electronic trigger lug (passive electronics triggers loop).D gap is made up of needle body upper electrode and pre-arcing electronic trigger lug shell.Upper electrode when upward leader is discharged, for upwards producing spark.
Below introduce the operation principle of prior art pre-arcing lightning rod.As shown in Figure 1A, during without thunder and lightning cloud, the electric field strength E in air is about 300V/m.As shown in Figure 1B, when having thunder and lightning cloud, when the electric field strength E between thundercloud and ground is 10kV/m ~ 20kV/m, absorb the energy of space electric field by bottom electrode and charge storage is inner at pre-arcing electronic trigger lug.Charge charging to a certain extent time, discharged by its upper electrode (d gap breakdown), needle body top and tip form strong corona discharge (sheath) around, produce a head-on guide upwards launched in advance, descending leader discharge channel is distorted.Up head-on guide is rapidly to descending leader direction and propagates and catch thunder and lightning; make the d ' gap breakdown of pre-arcing electronic trigger lug; form main discharge passage; lightning current is released into ground by main discharge passage with thunderous along with lightning, thus avoids the protected object around pre-arcing lightning rod to be struck by lightning.
Pre-arcing lightning rod compared to ordinary lightning rod when same place sustained height is installed, launch in advance with just the up head-on guide that descending trapezoidal guide is connected, this up head-on guide launched in advance can advance longer distance, and then more effectively can catch lightning current, thus building is avoided to be struck by lightning.
But China Electronics learns expert and explicitly points out from theoretical research: the effectively ionized function of application high frequency intense radiation electromagnetic wave is the golden key solving thunder calamity problem.Must emphasize, existing pre-arcing mode is exactly a ready-made practical proof, when thunderbolt is arrived, have high frequency to excite by force, then, causes again the effectively ionized function had under high frequency state, punctures air in advance and just obtain the effect of meeting pre-arcing.
Utility model content
(1) technical problem that will solve
In view of above-mentioned technical problem, the utility model provides a kind of electric eliminating lotus lightning rod, with before not also being struck by lightning, high frequency strong electromagnetic wave will be produced and launch spark, ionized atmosphere forms a plasma conductive channel, upwards in face of what assembled in the air, not yet form dangerous cloud electric transmission and catch electric charge in cloud, under drawing with less current system, entering ground.
(2) technical scheme
The utility model electric eliminating lotus lightning rod comprises: cloud electricity guid needle; Gap discharge switch pipe, its minus earth; Anode inductance L1 and trigger inductance L 2, wherein, the anode of gap discharge switch pipe is electrically connected to cloud electricity guid needle by anode inductance L1; Its trigger electrode is electrically connected to cloud electricity guid needle by trigger electrode inductance L 2; Metal-back, its inner formation one accommodation space, gap discharge switch pipe, anode inductance L1 and trigger electrode inductance L 2 are placed in this accommodation space, and cloud electricity guid needle and this metal spherical shell are electrically connected, the negative electrode of gap discharge switch pipe and this metal shell electrical isolation.
Preferably, in the utility model electric eliminating lotus lightning rod, anode inductance L1, forms main resonant circuit with the anode of gap discharge switch pipe and negative electrode; Trigger electrode inductance L 2, forms with the trigger electrode of gap discharge switch pipe and negative electrode and triggers resonant circuit.
Preferably, in the utility model electric eliminating lotus lightning rod, anode inductance L1 and trigger electrode inductance L 2 meet: L 1 × C 1 = L 2 × C 2 1 L 1 C 1 = 1 L 2 C 2 = 2 π f , Wherein: L 1for the inductance value of anode inductance L1; L 2for the inductance value of trigger electrode inductance L 2; C 1for the capacitance of anode capacitance C1; C 2for the capacitance of trigger electrode electric capacity C2, f is resonance frequency, and anode capacitance C1 is the interpolar equivalent capacity that the anode of gap discharge switch pipe and negative electrode are formed; Trigger electrode electric capacity C2 is the interpolar equivalent capacity that the trigger electrode of gap discharge switch pipe and negative electrode are formed.
Preferably, in the utility model electric eliminating lotus lightning rod, the capacitance C of trigger electrode electric capacity C2 2for 5pf, the inductance value L2 of trigger electrode inductance L 2 is between 100 microhenrys to 200 microhenrys; The capacitance C of anode capacitance C1 1for 1pf, the inductance value L of anode inductance L1 1between 500 microhenrys and 1 milihenry.
Preferably, the utility model electric eliminating lotus lightning rod also comprises: current-limiting resistance R, and be connected between trigger electrode inductance L 2 and cloud electricity guid needle, it is positioned at the accommodation space of metal-back inside equally.
Preferably, in the utility model electric eliminating lotus lightning rod, the resistance of current-limiting resistance R is between 1k Ω ~ 100k Ω.
Preferably, in the utility model electric eliminating lotus lightning rod, cloud electricity guid needle is welded on metal-back straight up, metal-back is spherical or elliposoidal, and insulate with ground, in pin ball shape together with metal-back and welding cloud electricity guid needle thereon, the minus earth of gap discharge switch pipe.
Preferably, in the utility model electric eliminating lotus lightning rod, the material of metal-back is copper, iron or aluminium, has antirust coat outside it.
(3) beneficial effect
As can be seen from technique scheme, the utility model electric eliminating lotus lightning rod has following beneficial effect:
(1) utilize LC series resonance to make voltage wave resonance oscillations amplitude reach the increase of thousands of times, thus by what assembled in the air, not yet can form under dangerous electric charge draws and enter ground, root out potential hazard root in advance as early as possible.
(2) add ons only 2 inductance, 1 resistance in utility model device, pin ball housing is also light and handy, and cost is low, is conducive to applying very much.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Figure 1A and Figure 1B is the fundamental diagram of prior art pre-arcing lightning rod;
Fig. 2 is the circuit diagram according to the utility model embodiment electric eliminating lotus lightning rod.
Embodiment
The utility model utilizes LC series resonance to make voltage wave resonance oscillations amplitude reach the increase of thousands of times, thus by what assembled in the air, not yet forms under dangerous electric charge draws and enter ground.
For making the purpose of this utility model, technical scheme and advantage clearly understand, below in conjunction with specific embodiment, and with reference to accompanying drawing, the utility model is further described.
Fig. 2 is the circuit diagram according to the utility model embodiment electric eliminating lotus lightning rod.As shown in Figure 2, the present embodiment electric eliminating lotus lightning rod comprises: cloud electricity guid needle; Gap discharge switch pipe, its minus earth; Anode inductance L1, trigger inductance L 2 and current-limiting resistance R, wherein, the anode of gap discharge switch pipe is electrically connected to cloud electricity guid needle by anode inductance L1; Its trigger electrode is electrically connected to cloud electricity guid needle by trigger electrode inductance L 2 and current-limiting resistance R; Metal spherical shell, its inner formation one accommodation space, described gap discharge switch pipe, anode inductance L1, trigger electrode inductance L 2 and current-limiting resistance R are all placed in this accommodation space, and cloud electricity guid needle and this metal spherical shell are electrically connected.
In the present embodiment, cloud electricity guid needle is welded on metal spherical shell, from profile, with regard to a pin spheroid, very lightly brief.
Below respectively each part of the present embodiment electric eliminating lotus lightning rod is described in detail.
Please refer to Fig. 2, gap discharge switch pipe has three electrodes: anode, negative electrode and trigger electrode.Wherein, the lower end of anode and trigger electrode is all facing to negative electrode, and negative electrode is connected to ground.Anode, self-assembling formation two interpolar equivalent capacity-anode capacitance C1 and trigger electrode electric capacity C2 between trigger electrode and negative electrode.
Except this gap discharge switch pipe, this electric eliminating lotus lightning rod also comprises: anode inductance L1, trigger electrode inductance L 2 and current-limiting resistance R.Wherein, anode inductance L1, and the anode of gap discharge switch pipe and negative electrode composition main resonant circuit; Trigger electrode inductance L 2, current-limiting resistance R, and the trigger electrode of gap discharge switch pipe and negative electrode composition trigger resonant circuit.
In the present embodiment, anode inductance L1 and trigger electrode inductance L 2 meet:
L 1×C 1=L 2×C 2
1 L 1 C 1 = 1 L 2 C 2 = 2 π f
Wherein: L 1for the inductance value of anode inductance L1; C 1for the capacitance of anode capacitance C1; L 2for the inductance value of trigger electrode inductance L 2; C 2for the capacitance of trigger electrode electric capacity C2, f is resonance frequency, i.e. triggering signal frequency.
In the present embodiment, trigger in resonant circuit, trigger electrode and negative electrode () the capacitance C of trigger electrode electric capacity C2 2be about 5pf, the inductance value L2 of trigger electrode inductance L 2 is between 100 microhenrys to 200 microhenrys, and therefore triggering signal frequency f just can calculate between 7 to 5 megahertzes.The capacitance C of anode capacitance C1 between anode and negative electrode 1about 1pf, main resonant circuit will in same frequency f resonance, the anti-inductance value L pushing away main resonant circuit Anodic inductance L 1 1corresponding is between 500 microhenrys and 1 milihenry.
In addition, the effect of current-limiting resistance R mainly limits the electric current triggered in resonant circuit, value 1k Ω ~ 100k Ω.In other embodiments of the utility model, if do not consider the size of electric current, this current-limiting resistance R also can omit.
In the present embodiment, gap discharge switch pipe, anode inductance L1, trigger electrode inductance L 2 and current-limiting resistance R1 are all inserted in a metal spherical shell, cloud electricity guid needle is erect and is upwards welded in above metal spherical shell.The present embodiment in actual use, metal spherical shell with need to insulate.This metal spherical shell can adopt the material preparations such as copper, iron, aluminium, and it can also be other shapes, the such as metal-back of the shape such as cuboid, ellipsoid, is certainly preferably spherical or elliposoidal.Meanwhile, in order to avoid external environment is to the erosion of metal spherical shell, outside it, antirust coat is electroplate with.
Below in conjunction with concrete thunderstorm weather scene, introduce the operation principle of the present embodiment electric eliminating lotus lightning rod:
(1) when above cloud electricity guid needle, the electric field strength of sky reaches 8kV/m gradually, pin ectosphere all responds to the respective amount electric charge with sky opposite polarity; The anode surface of gap discharge switch pipe bottom and trigger electrode surface are all with the electric charge equal with the contrary total amount of its upper end polarity, the two faces the negative electrode of ground connection all respectively, so cathode surface is responded to, there is the electric charge that the polarity contrary total amount next from ground is equal, general electrostatic field, there is no electric current, between positive and negative charge, form electromotive force.
(2) but atmospheric static electric field is uncalm, electromotive force between trigger electrode and negative electrode just has fluctuation, the resonance oscillations of L2C2 just starts, there is disruptive spark to produce between the gap of the alternation oscillating voltage V2 on trigger electrode increasing until trigger electrode and negative electrode, and then facilitate anode and cathodic electricity from discharge breakdown conducting.In like manner the L1C1 resonance oscillations of anode main circuit makes the alternation high frequency voltage V1 of cloud electricity guid needle above anode increasing, form extremely strong large frequency electromagnetic waves upwards to radiate, efficient high energy ionization neutral air molecule, air has been punctured, like this, penetrability very strong on the plasma conducts electricity passage of meeting electric charge in cloud is just slowly guided, enter in pin, from the plasma space that anode conducts electricity through ionization, arrive negative electrode and enter ground.
In a word, even if electric charge in cloud is also few, atmospheric electric field intensity is not strong, can accomplish to inspire powerful electromagenetic wave radiation to puncture air get through a conductive channel between cloud electricity and pin in the same old way, guide the electric current that one is neither big nor small, pass through within a period of time quite growing a bit, reach the object eliminating thunder and lightning thus.
As long as aerial electric charge is assembled once again, atmospheric electric field intensity strengthens once again, and the present embodiment electric eliminating lotus lightning rod will open work again automatically.
Thunderstorm weather, air conductivity substantially increases, and air breakdown threshold is between 10kv and 20kv.No matter traditional or unconventional lightning rod, work with thunder and lightning breakdown mode all in this state.
And the startup operating voltage of the LC serial-resonant thunder eliminating device of the present embodiment necessarily designs the corresponding starting resistor numerical value under the electric field strength that is selected in and is less than 10kv/m.Start operating voltage lower, the cloud electricity storage electricity density in protected territorial sky, top is less, and on the crown, that sheet is without the quiet sky of thunder, and fail safe is higher.And it is higher to start operating voltage, then protected scope is broader.This prevents and treats in history in thunder calamity, is also regarded as a milestone!
In addition, those skilled in the art can find out, the operating voltage of the present embodiment and the electric current flow through and electrical power little, in design to components and parts all without overcritical especially, because element is few, assembling is easily simple, and large-scale production efficiency is high is conducive to open-and-shut automated production in enormous quantities.Be again advanced high-tech new products, substitute completely new product---the dissipation array of lightning rod, cost performance is very high.
So far, by reference to the accompanying drawings the present embodiment has been described in detail.Describe according to above, those skilled in the art should have the utility model electric eliminating lotus lightning rod and have clearly been familiar with.
It should be noted that, in accompanying drawing or specification text, the implementation not illustrating or describe, is form known to a person of ordinary skill in the art in art, is not described in detail.In addition, the above-mentioned definition to each element and method is not limited in various concrete structures, shape or the mode mentioned in embodiment, and those of ordinary skill in the art can change simply it or replace, such as:
(1) inductance value etc. of the resistance value of current-limiting resistance R, trigger electrode inductance L 2 and anode inductance L1 all can adjust as required,
(2) the gap discharge switch pipe of suitable types can be selected as required
(3) material of antirust coat, preparation method can choose reasonable as required.
Above-described specific embodiment; the purpose of this utility model, technical scheme and beneficial effect are further described; be understood that; the foregoing is only specific embodiment of the utility model; be not limited to the utility model; all within spirit of the present utility model and principle, any amendment made, equivalent replacement, improvement etc., all should be included within protection range of the present utility model.

Claims (10)

1. an electric eliminating lotus lightning rod, is characterized in that, comprising:
Cloud electricity guid needle;
Gap discharge switch pipe;
Anode inductance (L1) and trigger inductance (L2), wherein, the anode of gap discharge switch pipe is electrically connected to cloud electricity guid needle by described anode inductance (L1); Its trigger electrode is electrically connected to cloud electricity guid needle by trigger electrode inductance (L2);
Metal-back, its inner formation one accommodation space, described gap discharge switch pipe, anode inductance (L1) and trigger electrode inductance (L2) are placed in this accommodation space, and cloud electricity guid needle and this metal-back are electrically connected, the negative electrode of gap discharge switch pipe and this metal shell electrical isolation.
2. electric eliminating lotus lightning rod according to claim 1, is characterized in that, described anode inductance (L1), forms main resonant circuit with the anode of gap discharge switch pipe and negative electrode; Described trigger electrode inductance (L2), forms with the trigger electrode of gap discharge switch pipe and negative electrode and triggers resonant circuit.
3. electric eliminating lotus lightning rod according to claim 2, is characterized in that, described anode inductance (L1) and trigger electrode inductance (L2) meet:
L 1×C 1=L 2×C 2
1 L 1 C 1 = 1 L 2 C 2 = 2 π f
Wherein: L 1for the inductance value of described anode inductance (L1); L 2for the inductance value of described trigger electrode inductance (L2); C 1for the capacitance of anode capacitance (C1); C 2for the capacitance of trigger electrode electric capacity (C2), f is resonance frequency, the interpolar equivalent capacity that anode and negative electrode that described anode capacitance (C1) is gap discharge switch pipe are formed; The interpolar equivalent capacity that trigger electrode and negative electrode that described trigger electrode electric capacity (C2) is gap discharge switch pipe are formed.
4. electric eliminating lotus lightning rod according to claim 3, is characterized in that:
The capacitance C of described trigger electrode electric capacity (C2) 2for 5pf, the inductance value L2 of trigger electrode inductance (L2) is between 100 microhenrys to 200 microhenrys;
The capacitance C of described anode capacitance (C1) 1for 1pf, the inductance value L of anode inductance (L1) 1between 500 microhenrys and 1 milihenry.
5. electric eliminating lotus lightning rod according to claim 1, is characterized in that, also comprise:
Current-limiting resistance (R), be connected between described trigger electrode inductance (L2) and cloud electricity guid needle, it is positioned at the accommodation space of described metal-back inside equally.
6. electric eliminating lotus lightning rod according to claim 5, is characterized in that, the resistance of described current-limiting resistance (R) is between 1k Ω ~ 100k Ω.
7. electric eliminating lotus lightning rod according to any one of claim 1 to 6, is characterized in that, described cloud electricity guid needle is welded on metal-back straight up.
8. electric eliminating lotus lightning rod according to claim 7, is characterized in that, described metal-back is spherical or elliposoidal, in pin ball shape together with itself and welding cloud electricity guid needle thereon.
9. electric eliminating lotus lightning rod according to any one of claim 1 to 6, is characterized in that, described metal-back insulate with ground, the minus earth of described gap discharge switch pipe.
10. electric eliminating lotus lightning rod according to any one of claim 1 to 6, is characterized in that, the material of described metal-back is copper, iron or aluminium, has antirust coat outside it.
CN201521063906.4U 2015-12-18 2015-12-18 Electric charge lightning rod disappears Expired - Fee Related CN205231459U (en)

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Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106848848A (en) * 2017-03-22 2017-06-13 宁夏顺和电工有限公司 A kind of integrated active and passive one plasma drive thunder device
CN106848845A (en) * 2017-03-22 2017-06-13 宁夏顺和电工有限公司 A kind of passive plasma drives thunder device
CN110430655A (en) * 2019-08-06 2019-11-08 西安西交瑞力电气研究院有限公司 A kind of closed discharging gap of using plasma jet stream triggering and its application
CN111244762A (en) * 2020-01-20 2020-06-05 四川中光防雷科技股份有限公司 Lightning arrester
WO2023202172A1 (en) * 2022-04-19 2023-10-26 佛山市顺德区伦教金盾防雷技术发展有限公司 Thunder and lightning intercepting apparatus

Cited By (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106848848A (en) * 2017-03-22 2017-06-13 宁夏顺和电工有限公司 A kind of integrated active and passive one plasma drive thunder device
CN106848845A (en) * 2017-03-22 2017-06-13 宁夏顺和电工有限公司 A kind of passive plasma drives thunder device
CN110430655A (en) * 2019-08-06 2019-11-08 西安西交瑞力电气研究院有限公司 A kind of closed discharging gap of using plasma jet stream triggering and its application
CN110430655B (en) * 2019-08-06 2023-11-14 西安西交瑞力电气研究院有限公司 Enclosed discharge gap triggered by plasma jet and application thereof
CN111244762A (en) * 2020-01-20 2020-06-05 四川中光防雷科技股份有限公司 Lightning arrester
CN111244762B (en) * 2020-01-20 2023-11-21 四川中光防雷科技股份有限公司 Lightning arrester
WO2023202172A1 (en) * 2022-04-19 2023-10-26 佛山市顺德区伦教金盾防雷技术发展有限公司 Thunder and lightning intercepting apparatus

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CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee
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Granted publication date: 20160511

Termination date: 20161218