CN205208907U - Photovoltaic water heater - Google Patents

Photovoltaic water heater Download PDF

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Publication number
CN205208907U
CN205208907U CN201521059196.8U CN201521059196U CN205208907U CN 205208907 U CN205208907 U CN 205208907U CN 201521059196 U CN201521059196 U CN 201521059196U CN 205208907 U CN205208907 U CN 205208907U
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pin relay
water heater
relay
pin
ith
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CN201521059196.8U
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Chinese (zh)
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温超凡
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Henan Hot Sun Amperex Technology Ltd
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Individual
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Abstract

The utility model provides a photovoltaic water heater, includes photovoltaic board subassembly, storage water tank, microcomputer digit temperature controller, sets up heating element and temperature sensor in the storage water tank, still includes a control circuit, control circuit includes the I 5 foot relay, the II 5 foot relay, two control coil ends of the I 5 foot relay, the II 5 foot relay link to each other with a delay circuit respectively, and a pin of the I 5 foot relay, the II 5 foot relay links to each other with a transformer respectively, and the I 5 foot relay still links to each other with the I th arc suppressing circuit, and another pin of the I 5 foot relay, the II 5 foot relay links to each other with a solar energy direct current voltage reducing module respectively, a transformer and a bridge type rectifier circuit link to each other. The utility model discloses a photovoltaic water heater can effectively solve the electric leakage of traditional electric water heater power consumption da yi, and solar water heater is fragile, wastes more, and the installation is inconvenient, winter the unserviceable drawback.

Description

Photovoltaic water heater
Technical field
The utility model belongs to heliotechnics and utilizes field, is specifically related to a kind of photovoltaic water heater.
Background technology
Existing water heater has solar water heater and electric heater.Wherein solar water heater is put in roof, absorbs amount of solar heat and heats the water in water tank, be then connected to indoor use by pipeline by the vacuum pumping glass tube on water heater.Electric heater uses civil power to be reached the object of hot water by the water in heating tube heating water tank.
The connecting line of solar water heater is at outdoor and distance, and winter easily freezes, and be difficult to melt once freeze, make all can not use hot water whole winter, connecting water pipe is easy aged deterioration in outdoor; Because pipeline is longer, internal memory cold water is many, and it is a lot of that the sky icing used time in spring and autumn cools water, cause unnecessary waste, and overcast and rainy this water heater can not heat.And the shortcoming of electric heater is that power consumption is excessive, electricity cost height is very uneconomical; Voltage is high, easily leaks electricity, and there is potential safety hazard.
Summary of the invention
The technical problems to be solved in the utility model is to provide a kind of photovoltaic water heater, and the utility model efficiently solves existing solar water heater ice up in winter or overcast and rainyly can not use the large technical problem that to consume energy with electric heater.The purpose of this utility model realizes in the following manner:
A kind of photovoltaic water heater, comprise photovoltaic panel assembly, storage tank, micro computer digital temperature controller, be arranged at the heating element heater in storage tank and temperature sensor, also comprise a control circuit, described control circuit comprises the I 5 pin relay, II 5 pin relay, described I 5 pin relay, two control coil ends of the II 5 pin relay are connected with a delay circuit respectively, I 5 pin relay, one pin of the II 5 pin relay is connected with a transformer respectively, I 5 pin relay is also connected with the Ith crowbar circuit, I 5 pin relay, another pin of II 5 pin relay is connected with a solar DC voltage reduction module respectively, described transformer is connected with a bridge rectifier.
Preferably, the normally-closed contact of described I 5 pin relay, the II 5 pin relay is connected with the both positive and negative polarity input of photovoltaic panel assembly respectively, the normally opened contact of the I 5 pin relay, the II 5 pin relay is all connected with 220V mains electricity input end, the common port of the I 5 pin relay, the II 5 pin relay is connected with heating element heater, and the normally-closed contact of the I 5 pin relay is connected with the Ith crowbar circuit with common port; The normally opened contact of the I 5 pin relay, the II 5 pin relay is connected with transformer, described transformer two output is connected with bridge rectifier, and described bridge rectifier cathode output end is connected with the relay normally open contact in micro computer digital temperature controller with delay circuit output; The normally-closed contact of the I 5 pin relay, the II 5 pin relay is connected with solar DC voltage reduction module, described bridge rectifier cathode output end is also connected with the cathode output end of solar DC voltage reduction module, the centre cap of transformer is connected with the cathode output end of solar DC voltage reduction module, and described solar DC voltage reduction module is connected with micro computer digital temperature controller and powers to micro computer digital temperature controller; The control coil negative pole end of the I 5 pin relay, the II 5 pin relay is connected with the cathode output end of bridge rectifier.
Preferably, described water heater also comprises a temperature detect switch (TDS), and described temperature detect switch (TDS) is connected with the Ith temperature sensor with the IIth crowbar circuit, heating element heater respectively.Described IIth crowbar circuit is the series connection of the VIIIth isolating diode, the IIIth electric capacity and the Ⅸth isolating diode, and the IIIth electric capacity is a thermistor in parallel also.
Preferably, described delay circuit is the Ith electric capacity and the series connection of the Ith isolating diode, the control coil negative pole end of the I 5 pin relay, the II 5 pin relay is connected with the negative pole end of the Ith electric capacity, the control coil positive terminal of the I 5 pin relay is connected with the positive terminal of the Ith electric capacity, and the control coil positive terminal of the II 5 pin relay is connected with the Ith isolating diode.
Preferably, described Ith crowbar circuit is the series connection of the IIth isolating diode, the IIth electric capacity and the IIIth isolating diode, and the IIth electric capacity is a bleeder resistance in parallel also.
Preferably, on described micro computer digital temperature controller, set temperature regulates button, and described temperature adjustment buttons is connected with the IIth temperature sensor with a CPU.
Preferably, a described solar DC voltage reduction module lithium battery in parallel with between micro computer digital temperature controller.
Preferably, described storage tank mainly comprises inner bag, shell and insulation material between the two, storage tank is provided with water inlet, delivery port, safety valve installing port and sewage draining exit.
Preferably, described heating element heater is AC/DC heating tube.
Relative to prior art, the beneficial effects of the utility model are:
The low-voltage DC that the utility model utilizes photovoltaic panel to produce is heated the low-voltage direct water heater of indoor by wire, and employing AC/DC heating tube temperature is adjustable, controlled, high insulating effect.
The utility model becomes the pipeline that conventional solar boilers connects into wire, and the water heater that must be placed on roof is put into indoor, greatly the distance in shortening heat water delivery pipe road, and easily the icing used time cools the many drawbacks of water to overcome pipeline length.
The utility model adopts photovoltaic panel, and namely photoelectric conversion rate height is also can power for water heater at the cloudy day, and time overcast and rainy, photovoltaic panel not generation current but can be water heater heating by civil power, can accomplish that annual hot water constantly, energy-conserving and environment-protective.
The photovoltaic panel of the utility model photovoltaic water heater can be placed on roof balcony and can also make sash, and floor space is little, lightweight, installation convenient.According to the size oneself needing hot water amount, power adjustable, only needs the quantity strengthening or reduce photovoltaic panel to realize.
Comprehensively above-mentioned, photovoltaic water heater of the present utility model can effectively solve traditional electrical water heater power consumption great Yi electric leakage, solar water heater is fragile, wastes more, install inconvenience, winter non-serviceable drawback.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of photovoltaic water heater control circuit of the present utility model.
Fig. 2 is the appliance wiring figure of photovoltaic water heater control circuit of the present utility model.
Detailed description of the invention
A kind of photovoltaic water heater, comprise photovoltaic panel assembly, storage tank, micro computer digital temperature controller, be arranged at the heating element heater in storage tank and temperature sensor, also comprise a control circuit, described control circuit comprises the I 5 pin relay, II 5 pin relay, described I 5 pin relay, two control coil ends of the II 5 pin relay are connected with a delay circuit respectively, I 5 pin relay, one pin of the II 5 pin relay is connected with a transformer respectively, I 5 pin relay is also connected with the Ith crowbar circuit, I 5 pin relay, another pin of II 5 pin relay is connected with a solar DC voltage reduction module respectively, described transformer is connected with a bridge rectifier.
As Fig. 1, shown in 2, described I 5 pin relay, the normally-closed contact of the II 5 pin relay is connected with the both positive and negative polarity input of photovoltaic panel assembly respectively, I 5 pin relay, the normally opened contact of the II 5 pin relay is all connected with 220V mains electricity input end, I 5 pin relay, the common port of the II 5 pin relay is connected with heating element heater, I 5 pin relay is connected with delay circuit respectively with two control coil ends of the II 5 pin relay, the normally-closed contact of the I 5 pin relay is also connected with the Ith crowbar circuit with common port, I 5 pin relay, the normally opened contact of the II 5 pin relay is also connected with a transformer, described transformer two output is connected with a bridge rectifier, described bridge rectifier cathode output end is connected with the relay normally open contact in micro computer digital temperature controller with delay circuit output, the normally-closed contact of the I 5 pin relay, the II 5 pin relay is also connected with a solar DC voltage reduction module, described bridge rectifier cathode output end is also connected with the cathode output end of solar DC voltage reduction module, the centre cap of transformer is connected with the cathode output end of solar DC voltage reduction module, and described solar DC voltage reduction module is connected with micro computer digital temperature controller and powers to micro computer digital temperature controller, the control coil negative pole end of the I 5 pin relay, the II 5 pin relay is connected with the cathode output end of bridge rectifier.
Described water heater also comprises a temperature detect switch (TDS), and described temperature detect switch (TDS) is connected with the Ith temperature sensor with the IIth crowbar circuit, heating element heater respectively.Described IIth crowbar circuit is the series connection of the VIIIth isolating diode, the IIIth electric capacity and the Ⅸth isolating diode, and the IIIth electric capacity is a thermistor in parallel also.Described temperature detect switch (TDS) can arrange high/medium/low three and keep off the sunshine and can heat.
Described delay circuit is the Ith electric capacity and the series connection of the Ith isolating diode, the control coil negative pole end of the I 5 pin relay, the II 5 pin relay is connected with the negative pole end of the Ith electric capacity, the control coil positive terminal of the I 5 pin relay is connected with the positive terminal of the Ith electric capacity, and the control coil positive terminal of the II 5 pin relay is connected with the Ith isolating diode.
Described Ith crowbar circuit is the series connection of the IIth isolating diode, the IIth electric capacity and the IIIth isolating diode, and the IIth electric capacity is a bleeder resistance in parallel also.
Described bridge rectifier is made up of the IVth, the Vth, the VIth and the VIIth isolating diode.Micro computer digital temperature controller uses 5V power supply, and the relay in micro computer digital temperature controller uses 12V power supply.
On described micro computer digital temperature controller, set temperature regulates button, and described temperature adjustment buttons is connected with the IIth temperature sensor with a CPU.
A described solar DC voltage reduction module lithium battery in parallel with between micro computer digital temperature controller.Solar energy photovoltaic panel is lithium cell charging at ordinary times, when overcast and rainy or night, and lithium battery electric discharge and then power for micro computer digital temperature controller.Described lithium battery once charges available two to three days.
Described storage tank mainly comprises inner bag, shell and insulation material between the two.Storage tank is provided with water inlet, delivery port, safety valve installing port and sewage draining exit.Described heating element heater is AC/DC heating tube.
Specific works process of the present utility model is as follows:
Temperature is regulated lower than C1(as 34 DEG C by the temperature adjustment buttons on micro computer digital temperature controller) time, the relay normally open contact that CPU in micro computer digital temperature controller controls in micro computer digital temperature controller closes, and then the I 5 pin relay, the charged adhesive of the II 5 pin relay coil, normally opened contact closes, and uses city's electrical heating; When temperature reaches C2(as 42 DEG C) time, the relay normally open contact that CPU in micro computer digital temperature controller controls in micro computer digital temperature controller disconnects, and then the I 5 pin relay, the II 5 pin relay coil dead electricity, normally opened contact disconnects, and stops using city's electrical heating; Arrange high/medium/low three by temperature detect switch (TDS) to keep off the sunshine and can photovoltaic panel heat, as being set to high gear, when solar energy photovoltaic panel is heated to 75 DEG C, temperature detect switch (TDS) auto-breaking, stops heating.
Above-described is only preferred embodiment of the present utility model; it should be pointed out that for a person skilled in the art, do not departing under the utility model general idea prerequisite; can also make some changes and improvements, these also should be considered as protection domain of the present utility model.

Claims (10)

1. a photovoltaic water heater, comprise photovoltaic panel assembly, micro computer digital temperature controller, storage tank, be arranged at the heating element heater in storage tank and temperature sensor, it is characterized in that: also comprise a control circuit, described control circuit comprises the I 5 pin relay, II 5 pin relay, described I 5 pin relay, two control coil ends of the II 5 pin relay are connected with a delay circuit respectively, I 5 pin relay, one pin of the II 5 pin relay is connected with a transformer respectively, I 5 pin relay is also connected with the Ith crowbar circuit, I 5 pin relay, another pin of II 5 pin relay is connected with a solar DC voltage reduction module respectively, described transformer is connected with a bridge rectifier.
2. photovoltaic water heater according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: the normally-closed contact of described I 5 pin relay, the II 5 pin relay is connected with the both positive and negative polarity input of photovoltaic panel assembly respectively, the normally opened contact of the I 5 pin relay, the II 5 pin relay is all connected with 220V mains electricity input end, the common port of the I 5 pin relay, the II 5 pin relay is connected with heating element heater, and the normally-closed contact of the I 5 pin relay is connected with the Ith crowbar circuit with common port;
The normally opened contact of the I 5 pin relay, the II 5 pin relay is connected with transformer, described transformer two output is connected with bridge rectifier, and described bridge rectifier cathode output end is connected with the relay normally open contact in micro computer digital temperature controller with delay circuit output;
The normally-closed contact of the I 5 pin relay, the II 5 pin relay is connected with solar DC voltage reduction module, described bridge rectifier cathode output end is also connected with the cathode output end of solar DC voltage reduction module, the centre cap of transformer is connected with the cathode output end of solar DC voltage reduction module, and described solar DC voltage reduction module is connected with micro computer digital temperature controller and powers to micro computer digital temperature controller;
The control coil negative pole end of the I 5 pin relay, the II 5 pin relay is connected with the cathode output end of bridge rectifier.
3. photovoltaic water heater according to claim 2, is characterized in that: described water heater also comprises a temperature detect switch (TDS), and described temperature detect switch (TDS) is connected with the Ith temperature sensor with the IIth crowbar circuit, heating element heater respectively.
4. photovoltaic water heater according to claim 3, is characterized in that: described IIth crowbar circuit is the series connection of the VIIIth isolating diode, the IIIth electric capacity and the Ⅸth isolating diode, and the IIIth electric capacity is a thermistor in parallel also.
5. the photovoltaic water heater according to Claims 2 or 3, it is characterized in that: described delay circuit is the Ith electric capacity and the series connection of the Ith isolating diode, the control coil negative pole end of the I 5 pin relay, the II 5 pin relay is connected with the negative pole end of the Ith electric capacity, the control coil positive terminal of the I 5 pin relay is connected with the positive terminal of the Ith electric capacity, and the control coil positive terminal of the II 5 pin relay is connected with the Ith isolating diode.
6. the photovoltaic water heater according to Claims 2 or 3, is characterized in that: described Ith crowbar circuit is the series connection of the IIth isolating diode, the IIth electric capacity and the IIIth isolating diode, and the IIth electric capacity is a bleeder resistance in parallel also.
7. the photovoltaic water heater according to Claims 2 or 3, is characterized in that: on described micro computer digital temperature controller, set temperature regulates button, and described temperature adjustment buttons is connected with the IIth temperature sensor with a CPU.
8. the photovoltaic water heater according to Claims 2 or 3, is characterized in that: a described solar DC voltage reduction module lithium battery in parallel with between micro computer digital temperature controller.
9. the photovoltaic water heater according to Claims 2 or 3, is characterized in that: described storage tank mainly comprises inner bag, shell and insulation material between the two, storage tank is provided with water inlet, delivery port, safety valve installing port and sewage draining exit.
10. photovoltaic water heater according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described heating element heater is AC/DC heating tube.
CN201521059196.8U 2015-12-18 2015-12-18 Photovoltaic water heater Active CN205208907U (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201521059196.8U CN205208907U (en) 2015-12-18 2015-12-18 Photovoltaic water heater

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201521059196.8U CN205208907U (en) 2015-12-18 2015-12-18 Photovoltaic water heater

Publications (1)

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CN205208907U true CN205208907U (en) 2016-05-04

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CN201521059196.8U Active CN205208907U (en) 2015-12-18 2015-12-18 Photovoltaic water heater

Country Status (1)

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108306408A (en) * 2018-02-08 2018-07-20 上思县东岽电子科技有限责任公司 A kind of photovoltaic electric and the dual-purpose electric heater of alternating current

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108306408A (en) * 2018-02-08 2018-07-20 上思县东岽电子科技有限责任公司 A kind of photovoltaic electric and the dual-purpose electric heater of alternating current

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C14 Grant of patent or utility model
GR01 Patent grant
TR01 Transfer of patent right
TR01 Transfer of patent right

Effective date of registration: 20180504

Address after: 471000 Henan, China (Henan) free trade trial area, Luoyang area high-tech zone, Fenghua Road, 6, 1, 4, level 1, silver Kunming Science Park.

Patentee after: Henan hot sun Amperex Technology Limited

Address before: 471499 group 3, North Street Village, Chengguan Town, Songxian, Luoyang, Henan.

Patentee before: Wen Chaofan