CN205142076U - Modular solar panel - Google Patents

Modular solar panel Download PDF

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Publication number
CN205142076U
CN205142076U CN201520941398.9U CN201520941398U CN205142076U CN 205142076 U CN205142076 U CN 205142076U CN 201520941398 U CN201520941398 U CN 201520941398U CN 205142076 U CN205142076 U CN 205142076U
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China
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cleaning
fixed mount
photovoltaic
longitudinal
gear
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CN201520941398.9U
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Inventor
肖勇
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Guangdong Telford Environmental Protection Technology Co., Ltd.
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Chengdu Jiushidu Industrial Product Design Co Ltd
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/50Photovoltaic [PV] energy

Abstract

The utility model relates to a modular solar panel. Including mount, photovoltaic module, incident optical detector, slewing mechanism, controller, belt cleaning device, the temperature controller of this structure can carry out temperature control and regulation to solar panel to realize solar wafer at the temperature inversion of optimum within range, this device can also wash solar wafer, avoids not high and the condition that conversion rate that arouse descends of transparency, can rotate solar wafer to the mount inside night, makes the ceramic plate outwards, can effectual protection solar wafer, improvement solar wafer's life. Can be according to the sun illumination intensity of difference with according to the power consumption of the load needs of difference, select the solar wafer of different sides, realize reasonable collocation, when guaranteeing that solar wafer can realize high efficient conversion, the electric quantity that prevents too much to produce is to the influence of load or other part, and then improves the life of solar wafer and load.

Description

A kind of combination type solar plate
Technical field
The utility model relates to a kind of combination type solar plate.
Background technology
Solar panels assembly is that a kind of exposure in the sun just can thermal-arrest, is galvanic Blast Furnace Top Gas Recovery Turbine Unit (TRT), is made up of transform light energy the thin body solid photovoltaic cell almost all made with semiconductor material (such as silicon).Owing to there is no movable part, therefore can long-time operation and any loss can not be caused.Simple photovoltaic cell can be wrist-watch and computer provides the energy, and more complicated photovoltaic system can be house and provides illumination, and is mains supply.Solar panels assembly can make difformity, and assembly can connect, to produce more electric power.Balcony and building surface all can use solar panels assembly, and be even used as a part for window, skylight or masking device, these photovoltaic facilities are commonly called the photovoltaic system being attached to building.
Due to the solar photovoltaic generation system relative to some fixed locations, 1 year four seasons spring, summer, autumn and winter, every light rise sunset, the lighting angle of the sun at every moment all in change, if solar panel can the moment just to the sun, generating efficiency just can reach optimum state.Solar tracking control system general in the world all needs the angle at the not sun place in the same time calculating every day in 1 year according to information such as laying longitude and latitude a little, the position of sun in moment each in 1 year is stored in PLC, single-chip microcomputer or computer software, namely by calculating position of sun to realize following the tracks of.What adopt is that computer data is theoretical, desirably the data of ball warp latitude and setting, once install, the just mobile or mounting or dismounting of inconvenience, move at every turn and just must have reset data and adjust parameters; Principle, circuit, technology, equipment are complicated, and layman can not at will operate.
Summary of the invention
The purpose of this utility model is: for above-mentioned Problems existing, a kind of combination type solar plate is provided, the temperature controller of this structure can carry out temperature control and adjustment to solar panels, thus realize the temperature inversion of solar battery sheet in most suitable scope, further raising conversion ratio, this device can also clean solar wafer, avoid transparency not high and situation that the conversion ratio that causes declines, and cleaning also can not affect the transformation of solar energy, both are separate, in addition, solar wafer can be turned to fixed mount inside at night, make ceramic wafer outwardly, effectively can protect solar wafer, improve the useful life of solar wafer.Can according to different Intensity of the sunlights and the power consumption needed according to different loads, select the solar wafer of not ipsilateral, realize reasonably combined, while ensureing that solar wafer can realize Efficient Conversion, prevent the electricity that too much produces on the impact of load or miscellaneous part, and then improve the useful life of solar battery sheet and load.
The technical solution adopted in the utility model is as follows:
The utility model discloses a kind of combination type solar plate, comprise fixed mount, photovoltaic module, incident light detector, rotating mechanism, controller, cleaning device;
Fixed mount comprises the framework of a rectangle;
Photovoltaic module comprises the photovoltaic frame of some prism structures be set up in parallel, and the side on each photovoltaic frame is provided with some cell pieces, and the cell piece of photovoltaic frame homonymy is electrically connected to each other; The different sides of photovoltaic frame is equipped with crystalline silicon solar cell piece, thin film solar cell sheet and Graphene solar battery sheet respectively; Switching shaft is provided with at the both ends of each photovoltaic frame; Photovoltaic frame is connected on fixed mount by switching shaft is rotating; This Graphene solar battery sheet is using Graphene as euphotic electrode;
Incident light detector is fixed on the side of fixed mount, and incident light detector comprises vertical photographic hole, and the degree of depth of deep hole and the ratio in aperture are not less than 5; The bottom and sidewall of photographic hole are provided with photo-sensitive cell, and photosensitive part is electrically connected with controller;
Rotating mechanism is fixed on fixed mount, and this rotating mechanism comprises lateral rotation device, longitudinal rot and turner; Lateral rotation device comprises lateral rotation motor, lateral velocity variation gear, this lateral rotation motor is connected with lateral velocity variation gear, for controlling the lateral rotation of fixed mount on the side that lateral velocity variation gear is connected to fixed mount transverse direction, the gear ratio of this lateral velocity variation gear is 80-120; Longitudinal rot comprises longitudinal rotary electric machine, longitudinal change-speed gearing, this longitudinal rotary electric machine is connected with longitudinal change-speed gearing, the side that longitudinal change-speed gearing is connected to fixed mount longitudinal direction rotates for the longitudinal direction controlling fixed mount, and the gear ratio of this longitudinal change-speed gearing is 120-150; Turner comprises locking mechanism, gear mechanism and upset motor, upset motor is connected with gear mechanism, gear mechanism is connected with switching shaft, and this locking mechanism is arranged on for lock gear mechanism on fixed mount, and this turner is for controlling photovoltaic module upset and locking;
Cleaning device, this cleaning device is arranged on photovoltaic frame bottom, comprise cleaning motor, cleaning brush, cleaning sprayer unit, fixed mount is provided with the slide rail placing cleaning brush, cleaning brush makes cleaning brush clean the downside of photovoltaic frame by cleaning Electric Machine Control and sliding along slide rail, cleaning sprayer unit is fixed on fixed mount, and this cleaning sprayer unit is used for cleaning brush ejection cleaning spraying;
Controller comprises PLC and power supply circuits;
The scope of described fixed mount lateral rotation is 0-45 degree, is provided with cross spacing device in the junction of fixed mount and lateral rotation device.
Further, the scope that described fixed mount longitudinally rotates is 0-40 degree.
Further, the inside of described photovoltaic frame is provided with temperature controller.
Further, described photovoltaic frame is quadrangular shape, and its side is respectively is equipped with crystalline silicon solar cell piece, thin film solar cell sheet, Graphene solar battery sheet and ceramic wafer.
Further, degree of depth 10cm, the aperture of described photographic hole are 1cm, and the photosensitive part be located in photographic hole is photo resistance, is provided with sheet glass in the position of the light inlet of photographic hole.
Further, described turner controls the angular range of photovoltaic module upset is 0-350 degree.
Due to said structure, can by rotating fixed mount, thus regulate these solar panels to receive the angle of solar energy, thus enable solar panels more effectively receive solar energy, realize the efficiency utilization that solar energy is right, in addition, also by the different-effect of multiple different solar battery sheet, realize the effective utilization to the solar energy of different illumination intensity, thus improve utilance and the conversion ratio of solar energy, for life brings facility, another is convenient, the temperature controller of this structure can carry out temperature control and adjustment to solar panels, thus realize the temperature inversion of solar battery sheet in most suitable scope, further raising conversion ratio, this device can also clean solar wafer, avoid transparency not high and situation that the conversion ratio that causes declines, and cleaning also can not affect the transformation of solar energy, both are separate, in addition, solar wafer can be turned to fixed mount inside at night, make ceramic wafer outwardly, effectively can protect solar wafer, improve the useful life of solar wafer.
Further, the control system of this combination type solar plate comprises:
(1), control unit, comprise PLC and power supply circuits, PLC powers for controlling power supply circuits;
(2), photovoltaic cells, comprise photovoltaic module, photovoltaic module comprises the photovoltaic frame of some quadrangular structures be set up in parallel, and the side of photovoltaic frame is respectively crystalline silicon side, film side and Graphene side, ceramic side; Crystalline silicon side surface is provided with the crystalline silicon solar cell piece of some series connection, and film side is provided with the thin film solar cell sheet of some series connection, and Graphene side surface is provided with the Graphene solar battery sheet of some series connection; This Graphene solar battery sheet is using Graphene as euphotic electrode;
(3), rotating unit, comprise the rotating mechanism be fixed on fixed mount; Rotating mechanism comprises lateral rotation device, longitudinal rot and turner; Lateral rotation device comprises lateral rotation motor and lateral velocity variation gear, and lateral rotation motor controls fixed mount by this lateral velocity variation gear that gear ratio is 80-120 and rotates in the scope of horizontal 0-45 degree; Longitudinal rot comprises longitudinal rotary electric machine, longitudinal change-speed gearing, and longitudinal rotary electric machine controls fixed mount by longitudinal change-speed gearing that gear ratio is 120-150 and rotates within the scope of longitudinal 0-40 degree; Turner comprises locking mechanism, gear mechanism and upset motor, and upset motor controls photovoltaic module by gear mechanism and rotates, thus changes photovoltaic module side upward, locking mechanism for locking photovoltaic module so that photovoltaic module location or directed;
(4), optical detecting unit, comprise the incident light detector be fixed on fixed mount, incident light detector comprises vertical photographic hole, and the degree of depth of deep hole and the ratio in aperture are not less than 5; The bottom of photographic hole is provided with a photo resistance, the sidewall in the middle part of photographic hole is evenly distributed with four photo resistance, and the sidewall on photographic hole top is evenly distributed with four photo resistance; Photo resistance is all connected with PLC;
(5), temperature control unit, comprise temperature controller, this temperature controller is arranged in photovoltaic frame, for control photovoltaic module temperature regulate;
(6), cleaning unit, comprise cleaning device, this cleaning device arranges and comprises cleaning motor, cleaning brush, cleaning sprayer unit, fixed mount is provided with the slide rail placing cleaning brush, cleaning Electric Machine Control cleaning brush slides along slide rail and makes cleaning brush clean the downside of photovoltaic frame, and this cleaning sprayer unit is used for cleaning brush ejection cleaning spraying;
Control unit is connected with photovoltaic cells, rotating unit, optical detecting unit, temperature control unit, cleaning unit respectively, and controls each unit and cooperatively interact.
Due to said system, can unify to control whole solar panels, fixed mount above solar panels towards PLC can be had to control, enable solar panels all the time towards sunniness direction, and then raising solar conversion efficiency, in addition, optical detecting unit can sense the intensity of illumination and the direction of irradiation accurately, thus coordinate other units to realize the accurate control of solar panels, the rot of all directions comprises lateral rotation device and longitudinal rot, regulate respectively, thus realize the circumference adjustment of solar panels, and then improve conversion ratio.Different battery wafers on photovoltaic frame, by the control of PLC, can not only realize the Efficient Conversion of solar panels, can also select suitable solar wafer according to different intensities of illumination, thus realize the suitable use of solar wafer, improve conversion ratio.
Further, the photovoltaic module control method of described control system:
(1), optical detecting unit is when detecting that a day illuminance is greater than 2600Lx, and control unit controls turner and rotates, and makes the Graphene side of photovoltaic module upward; The mean temperature that temperature controller controls Graphene side is 30 DEG C;
(2), when the ratio of the power output of photovoltaic cells and the rated power of load is greater than 1.3 and day, illuminance was not less than 2000Lx, controls turner and turn to crystalline silicon side upward; The mean temperature that temperature controller controls crystalline silicon side is 26 DEG C;
(3), the same day illuminance be 1800-2600Lx and the ratio of the rated power of the power output of photovoltaic cells and load is less than 0.8 time, control turner and rotate, make the crystalline silicon skew back of turner to 40 degree upwards while Graphene skew back to 50 degree upwards; The mean temperature that temperature controller controls Graphene side and crystalline silicon side is 27 DEG C;
(4), the same day illuminance be 1000-1800Lx and the ratio of the rated power of the power output of photovoltaic cells and load is not less than 1 time; Turner control film side oblique 30 degree upwards, monocrystalline silicon skew back to 60 degree upwards; The mean temperature that temperature controller controls Graphene side and crystalline silicon side is 23 DEG C;
(5), when the same day, illuminance was 300-1000Lx, turner controls film side upwards; The mean temperature that temperature controller controls film side is 21 DEG C;
(6), when the same day, illuminance was less than 300Lx, turner controlled in ceramic side direction; The temperature-averaging that temperature controller controls photovoltaic frame surface is 20 DEG C.
Due to said method, can according to different Intensity of the sunlights and the power consumption needed according to different loads, select the solar wafer of not ipsilateral, realize reasonably combined, while ensureing that solar wafer can realize Efficient Conversion, prevent the electricity that too much produces on the impact of load or miscellaneous part, and then improve the useful life of solar battery sheet and load.
In sum, owing to have employed technique scheme, the beneficial effects of the utility model are:
1, this apparatus structure is simple, easy to use, is easy to promote, and effectively can improve useful life and the solar energy conversion ratio of solar panels.
2, this device has that PLC is unified to be controlled, so that realize proportion optimizing, thus effectively ensures the fail safe that sets and durability degree.
3, the temperature controller of this structure can carry out temperature control and adjustment to solar panels, thus realize the temperature inversion of solar battery sheet in most suitable scope, further raising conversion ratio, this device can also clean solar wafer, avoid transparency not high and situation that the conversion ratio that causes declines, and cleaning also can not affect the transformation of solar energy, both are separate, in addition, solar wafer can be turned to fixed mount inside at night, make ceramic wafer outwardly, effectively can protect solar wafer, improve the useful life of solar wafer.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is combination type solar plate front view in the utility model;
Mark in figure: 1-fixed mount, 2-turner, 3-photovoltaic frame, the longitudinal steer motor of 4-, 5-incident light detector, 6-lateral rotation motor.
Embodiment
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing, the utility model is described in detail.
In order to make the purpose of this utility model, technical scheme and advantage clearly understand, below in conjunction with drawings and Examples, the utility model is further elaborated.Should be appreciated that specific embodiment described herein only in order to explain the utility model, and be not used in restriction the utility model.
specific embodiment 1:
As shown in Figure 1, combination type solar plate of the present utility model, comprises fixed mount 1, photovoltaic module, incident light detector 5, rotating mechanism, controller, cleaning device;
Fixed mount 1 comprises the framework of a rectangle;
Photovoltaic module comprises the photovoltaic frame 3 of some prism structures be set up in parallel, and the side on each photovoltaic frame 3 is provided with some cell pieces, and the cell piece of photovoltaic frame 3 homonymy is electrically connected to each other; The different sides of photovoltaic frame 3 is equipped with crystalline silicon solar cell piece, thin film solar cell sheet and Graphene solar battery sheet respectively; Switching shaft is provided with at the both ends of each photovoltaic frame 3; Photovoltaic frame 3 is connected on fixed mount 1 by switching shaft is rotating; This Graphene solar battery sheet is using Graphene as euphotic electrode;
Incident light detector 5 is fixed on the side of fixed mount 1, and incident light detector 5 comprises vertical photographic hole, and the degree of depth of deep hole and the ratio in aperture are not less than 5; The bottom and sidewall of photographic hole are provided with photo-sensitive cell, and photosensitive part is electrically connected with controller;
Rotating mechanism is fixed on fixed mount 1, and this rotating mechanism comprises lateral rotation device, longitudinal rot and turner 2; Lateral rotation device comprises lateral rotation motor 6, lateral velocity variation gear, this lateral rotation motor 6 is connected with lateral velocity variation gear, for controlling the lateral rotation of fixed mount 1 on the side that lateral velocity variation gear is connected to fixed mount 1 transverse direction, the gear ratio of this lateral velocity variation gear is 80-120; Longitudinal rot comprises longitudinal steer motor 4, longitudinal change-speed gearing, this longitudinal steer motor 4 is connected with longitudinal change-speed gearing, the side that longitudinal change-speed gearing is connected to fixed mount 1 longitudinal direction rotates for the longitudinal direction controlling fixed mount 1, and the gear ratio of this longitudinal change-speed gearing is 120-150; Turner 2 comprises locking mechanism, gear mechanism and upset motor, upset motor is connected with gear mechanism, gear mechanism is connected with switching shaft, and this locking mechanism is arranged on for lock gear mechanism on fixed mount 1, and this turner 2 is for controlling photovoltaic module upset and locking;
Cleaning device, this cleaning device is arranged on photovoltaic frame 3 bottom, comprise cleaning motor, cleaning brush, cleaning sprayer unit, fixed mount 1 is provided with the slide rail placing cleaning brush, cleaning brush makes cleaning brush clean the downside of photovoltaic frame 3 by cleaning Electric Machine Control and sliding along slide rail, cleaning sprayer unit is fixed on fixed mount 1, and this cleaning sprayer unit is used for cleaning brush ejection cleaning spraying;
Controller comprises PLC and power supply circuits.
Photovoltaic frame 3 is quadrangular shape, and its side is respectively is equipped with crystalline silicon solar cell piece, thin film solar cell sheet, Graphene solar battery sheet and ceramic wafer.
Degree of depth 10cm, the aperture of photographic hole are 1cm, and the photosensitive part be located in photographic hole is photo resistance, is provided with sheet glass in the position of the light inlet of photographic hole.
The angular range that turner 2 controls photovoltaic module upset is 0-350 degree.
The scope of fixed mount 1 lateral rotation is 0-45 degree, is provided with cross spacing device in the junction of fixed mount and lateral rotation device.
The scope that fixed mount 1 longitudinally rotates is 0-40 degree.
The inside of photovoltaic frame 3 is provided with temperature controller.
Due to said structure, can by rotating fixed mount 1, thus regulate these solar panels to receive the angle of solar energy, thus enable solar panels more effectively receive solar energy, realize the efficiency utilization that solar energy is right, in addition, also by the different-effect of multiple different solar battery sheet, realize the effective utilization to the solar energy of different illumination intensity, thus improve utilance and the conversion ratio of solar energy, for life brings facility, another is convenient, the temperature controller of this structure can carry out temperature control and adjustment to solar panels, thus realize the temperature inversion of solar battery sheet in most suitable scope, further raising conversion ratio, this device can also clean solar wafer, avoid transparency not high and situation that the conversion ratio that causes declines, and cleaning also can not affect the transformation of solar energy, both are separate, in addition, solar wafer can be turned to fixed mount 1 at night inner, make ceramic wafer outwardly, effectively can protect solar wafer, improve the useful life of solar wafer.
specific embodiment 2:
According to the combination type solar plate of specific embodiment 1, its control system comprises:
(1), control unit, comprise PLC and power supply circuits, PLC powers for controlling power supply circuits;
(2), photovoltaic cells, comprise photovoltaic module, photovoltaic module comprises the photovoltaic frame 3 of some quadrangular structures be set up in parallel, and the side of photovoltaic frame 3 is respectively crystalline silicon side, film side and Graphene side, ceramic side; Crystalline silicon side surface is provided with the crystalline silicon solar cell piece of some series connection, and film side is provided with the thin film solar cell sheet of some series connection, and Graphene side surface is provided with the Graphene solar battery sheet of some series connection; This Graphene solar battery sheet is using Graphene as euphotic electrode;
(3), rotating unit, comprise the rotating mechanism be fixed on fixed mount 1; Rotating mechanism comprises lateral rotation device, longitudinal rot and turner 2; Lateral rotation device comprises lateral rotation motor 6 and lateral velocity variation gear, and lateral rotation motor 6 controls fixed mount 1 by this lateral velocity variation gear that gear ratio is 80-120 and rotates in the scope of horizontal 0-45 degree; Longitudinal rot comprises longitudinal steer motor 4, longitudinal change-speed gearing, and longitudinal steer motor 4 controls fixed mount 1 by longitudinal change-speed gearing that gear ratio is 120-150 and rotates within the scope of longitudinal 0-40 degree; Turner 2 comprises locking mechanism, gear mechanism and upset motor, and upset motor controls photovoltaic module by gear mechanism and rotates, thus changes photovoltaic module side upward, locking mechanism for locking photovoltaic module so that photovoltaic module location or directed;
(4), optical detecting unit, comprise the incident light detector 5 be fixed on fixed mount 1, incident light detector 5 comprises vertical photographic hole, and the degree of depth of deep hole and the ratio in aperture are not less than 5; The bottom of photographic hole is provided with a photo resistance, the sidewall in the middle part of photographic hole is evenly distributed with four photo resistance, and the sidewall on photographic hole top is evenly distributed with four photo resistance; Photo resistance is all connected with PLC;
(5), temperature control unit, comprise temperature controller, this temperature controller is arranged in photovoltaic frame 3, for control photovoltaic module temperature regulate;
(6), cleaning unit, comprise cleaning device, this cleaning device arranges and comprises cleaning motor, cleaning brush, cleaning sprayer unit, fixed mount 1 is provided with the slide rail placing cleaning brush, cleaning Electric Machine Control cleaning brush slides along slide rail and makes cleaning brush clean the downside of photovoltaic frame 3, and this cleaning sprayer unit is used for cleaning brush ejection cleaning spraying;
Control unit is connected with photovoltaic cells, rotating unit, optical detecting unit, temperature control unit, cleaning unit respectively, and controls each unit and cooperatively interact.
Due to said system, can unify to control whole solar panels, fixed mount 1 above solar panels towards PLC can be had to control, enable solar panels all the time towards sunniness direction, and then raising solar conversion efficiency, in addition, optical detecting unit can sense the intensity of illumination and the direction of irradiation accurately, thus coordinate other units to realize the accurate control of solar panels, the rot of all directions comprises lateral rotation device and longitudinal rot, regulate respectively, thus realize the circumference adjustment of solar panels, and then raising conversion ratio.Different battery wafers on photovoltaic frame 3 are by the control of PLC, the Efficient Conversion of solar panels can not only be realized, suitable solar wafer can also be selected according to different intensities of illumination, thus realize the suitable use of solar wafer, improve conversion ratio.
specific embodiment 3:
According to the control system of the combination type solar plate of specific embodiment 2, its photovoltaic module control method:
(1), optical detecting unit is when detecting that a day illuminance is greater than 2600Lx, and control unit controls turner 2 and rotates, and makes the Graphene side of photovoltaic module upward; The mean temperature that temperature controller controls Graphene side is 30 DEG C;
(2), when the ratio of the power output of photovoltaic cells and the rated power of load is greater than 1.3 and day, illuminance was not less than 2000Lx, controls turner 2 and turn to crystalline silicon side upward; The mean temperature that temperature controller controls crystalline silicon side is 26 DEG C;
(3), the same day illuminance be 1800-2600Lx and the ratio of the rated power of the power output of photovoltaic cells and load is less than 0.8 time, control turner 2 and rotate, make the crystalline silicon skew back of turner 2 to 40 degree upwards while Graphene skew back to 50 degree upwards; The mean temperature that temperature controller controls Graphene side and crystalline silicon side is 27 DEG C;
(4), the same day illuminance be 1000-1800Lx and the ratio of the rated power of the power output of photovoltaic cells and load is not less than 1 time; Turner 2 control film side oblique 30 degree upwards, monocrystalline silicon skew back to 60 degree upwards; The mean temperature that temperature controller controls Graphene side and crystalline silicon side is 23 DEG C;
(5), when the same day, illuminance was 300-1000Lx, turner 2 controlled film side upwards; The mean temperature that temperature controller controls film side is 21 DEG C;
(6), when the same day, illuminance was less than 300Lx, turner 2 controlled in ceramic side direction; The temperature-averaging that temperature controller controls photovoltaic frame 3 surface is 20 DEG C.
Due to said method, can according to different Intensity of the sunlights and the power consumption needed according to different loads, select the solar wafer of not ipsilateral, realize reasonably combined, while ensureing that solar wafer can realize Efficient Conversion, prevent the electricity that too much produces on the impact of load or miscellaneous part, and then improve the useful life of solar battery sheet and load.
The foregoing is only preferred embodiment of the present utility model; not in order to limit the utility model; all do within spirit of the present utility model and principle any amendment, equivalent to replace and improvement etc., all should be included within protection range of the present utility model.

Claims (7)

1. a combination type solar plate, is characterized in that, comprises fixed mount, photovoltaic module, incident light detector, rotating mechanism, controller, cleaning device;
Fixed mount comprises the framework of a rectangle;
Photovoltaic module comprises the photovoltaic frame of some prism structures be set up in parallel, and the side on each photovoltaic frame is provided with some cell pieces, and the cell piece of photovoltaic frame homonymy is electrically connected to each other; The different sides of photovoltaic frame is equipped with crystalline silicon solar cell piece, thin film solar cell sheet and Graphene solar battery sheet respectively; Switching shaft is provided with at the both ends of each photovoltaic frame; Photovoltaic frame is connected on fixed mount by switching shaft is rotating; This Graphene solar battery sheet is using Graphene as euphotic electrode;
Incident light detector is fixed on the side of fixed mount, and incident light detector comprises vertical photographic hole, and the degree of depth of deep hole and the ratio in aperture are not less than 5; The bottom and sidewall of photographic hole are provided with photo-sensitive cell, and photosensitive part is electrically connected with controller;
Rotating mechanism is fixed on fixed mount, and this rotating mechanism comprises lateral rotation device, longitudinal rot and turner; Lateral rotation device comprises lateral rotation motor, lateral velocity variation gear, this lateral rotation motor is connected with lateral velocity variation gear, for controlling the lateral rotation of fixed mount on the side that lateral velocity variation gear is connected to fixed mount transverse direction, the gear ratio of this lateral velocity variation gear is 80-120; Longitudinal rot comprises longitudinal rotary electric machine, longitudinal change-speed gearing, this longitudinal rotary electric machine is connected with longitudinal change-speed gearing, the side that longitudinal change-speed gearing is connected to fixed mount longitudinal direction rotates for the longitudinal direction controlling fixed mount, and the gear ratio of this longitudinal change-speed gearing is 120-150; Turner comprises locking mechanism, gear mechanism and upset motor, upset motor is connected with gear mechanism, gear mechanism is connected with switching shaft, and this locking mechanism is arranged on for lock gear mechanism on fixed mount, and this turner is for controlling photovoltaic module upset and locking;
Cleaning device, this cleaning device is arranged on photovoltaic frame bottom, comprise cleaning motor, cleaning brush, cleaning sprayer unit, fixed mount is provided with the slide rail placing cleaning brush, cleaning brush makes cleaning brush clean the downside of photovoltaic frame by cleaning Electric Machine Control and sliding along slide rail, cleaning sprayer unit is fixed on fixed mount, and this cleaning sprayer unit is used for cleaning brush ejection cleaning spraying;
Controller comprises PLC and power supply circuits;
The scope of described fixed mount lateral rotation is 0-45 degree, is provided with cross spacing device in the junction of fixed mount and lateral rotation device.
2. combination type solar plate according to claim 1, is characterized in that, the scope that described fixed mount longitudinally rotates is 0-40 degree.
3. combination type solar plate according to claim 1, is characterized in that, the inside of described photovoltaic frame is provided with temperature controller.
4. combination type solar plate according to claim 3, is characterized in that, described photovoltaic frame is quadrangular shape, and its side is respectively is equipped with crystalline silicon solar cell piece, thin film solar cell sheet, Graphene solar battery sheet and ceramic wafer.
5. combination type solar plate according to claim 3, is characterized in that, degree of depth 10cm, the aperture of described photographic hole are 1cm, and the photosensitive part be located in photographic hole is photo resistance, is provided with sheet glass in the position of the light inlet of photographic hole.
6. combination type solar plate according to claim 3, is characterized in that, the angular range that described turner controls photovoltaic module upset is 0-350 degree.
7. the combination type solar plate according to any one of claim 1-6, is characterized in that, the control system of this combination type solar plate comprises:
(1), control unit, comprise PLC and power supply circuits, PLC powers for controlling power supply circuits;
(2), photovoltaic cells, comprise photovoltaic module, photovoltaic module comprises the photovoltaic frame of some quadrangular structures be set up in parallel, and the side of photovoltaic frame is respectively crystalline silicon side, film side and Graphene side, ceramic side; Crystalline silicon side surface is provided with the crystalline silicon solar cell piece of some series connection, and film side is provided with the thin film solar cell sheet of some series connection, and Graphene side surface is provided with the Graphene solar battery sheet of some series connection; This Graphene solar battery sheet is using Graphene as euphotic electrode;
(3), rotating unit, comprise the rotating mechanism be fixed on fixed mount; Rotating mechanism comprises lateral rotation device, longitudinal rot and turner; Lateral rotation device comprises lateral rotation motor and lateral velocity variation gear, and lateral rotation motor controls fixed mount by this lateral velocity variation gear that gear ratio is 80-120 and rotates in the scope of horizontal 0-45 degree; Longitudinal rot comprises longitudinal rotary electric machine, longitudinal change-speed gearing, and longitudinal rotary electric machine controls fixed mount by longitudinal change-speed gearing that gear ratio is 120-150 and rotates within the scope of longitudinal 0-40 degree; Turner comprises locking mechanism, gear mechanism and upset motor, and upset motor controls photovoltaic module by gear mechanism and rotates, thus changes photovoltaic module side upward, locking mechanism for locking photovoltaic module so that photovoltaic module location or directed;
(4), optical detecting unit, comprise the incident light detector be fixed on fixed mount, incident light detector comprises vertical photographic hole, and the degree of depth of deep hole and the ratio in aperture are not less than 5; The bottom of photographic hole is provided with a photo resistance, the sidewall in the middle part of photographic hole is evenly distributed with four photo resistance, and the sidewall on photographic hole top is evenly distributed with four photo resistance; Photo resistance is all connected with PLC;
(5), temperature control unit, comprise temperature controller, this temperature controller is arranged in photovoltaic frame, for control photovoltaic module temperature regulate;
(6), cleaning unit, comprise cleaning device, this cleaning device arranges and comprises cleaning motor, cleaning brush, cleaning sprayer unit, fixed mount is provided with the slide rail placing cleaning brush, cleaning Electric Machine Control cleaning brush slides along slide rail and makes cleaning brush clean the downside of photovoltaic frame, and this cleaning sprayer unit is used for cleaning brush ejection cleaning spraying; Control unit is connected with photovoltaic cells, rotating unit, optical detecting unit, temperature control unit, cleaning unit respectively, and controls each unit and cooperatively interact.
CN201520941398.9U 2015-11-24 2015-11-24 Modular solar panel Active CN205142076U (en)

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CN105337559A (en) * 2015-11-24 2016-02-17 成都九十度工业产品设计有限公司 Combined solar panel

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105337559A (en) * 2015-11-24 2016-02-17 成都九十度工业产品设计有限公司 Combined solar panel

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