CN205113099U - Automatic unload design automobile - Google Patents

Automatic unload design automobile Download PDF

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Publication number
CN205113099U
CN205113099U CN201520931757.2U CN201520931757U CN205113099U CN 205113099 U CN205113099 U CN 205113099U CN 201520931757 U CN201520931757 U CN 201520931757U CN 205113099 U CN205113099 U CN 205113099U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
hopper
actuating cylinder
hinged
hydraulic actuating
connecting panel
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Expired - Fee Related
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CN201520931757.2U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
周旭
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Jiaxing Vocational and Technical College
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Jiaxing Vocational and Technical College
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Priority to CN201520931757.2U priority Critical patent/CN205113099U/en
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Publication of CN205113099U publication Critical patent/CN205113099U/en
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Abstract

The utility model provides an automatic unload design automobile belongs to car technical field. It has solved technical problem such as current car discharge unstability. This automatic unload design automobile includes frame and the hopper that is used for loading the goods, the hopper is located the frame, the one end that the hopper is close to the locomotive is the front end, the other end is the tail end, tail end one side of hopper has the tailboard, the bottom that the hopper is close to the tail end articulates on the frame, the bottom that the hopper is close to the front end has set firmly the mount pad, it can be by the reciprocal wobbling pneumatic cylinder no. 1 of horizontality to vertical state to be equipped with on the frame, be connected with the platelike connecting plate of bar on the output shaft of pneumatic cylinder no. 1, it has pneumatic cylinder no. 2 still to articulate on the frame, the one end of connecting plate articulates on the mount pad, the other end of connecting plate is articulated mutually with the output shaft of pneumatic cylinder no. 2, the output shaft of pneumatic cylinder no. 1 articulates the side that just is close to the connecting plate at the middle part of connecting plate. The utility model provides an operation of discharge structure is stable, and the hopper is unloaded smoothly, and the bearing capacity is big.

Description

One unloads design automobile automatically
Technical field
The utility model belongs to automobile technical field, relates to one and automatically unloads design automobile.
Background technology
Automobile is as the laborsaving and vehicle that are that raise the efficiency, obtain global extensive utilization, goods carrying vehicle is a kind ofly mainly carrying goods and the commercial vehicle designing and equip, in order to improve efficiency of loading, reduce cost of labor, people gradually adopt dumping car to load and unload and transporting cargo, current dumping car is by compartment jack-up mostly by single lifting mechanism, make compartment to be formed before one high after low or right low left high or right high left low heeling condition, thus make goods lean on its deadweight to slide along compartment ramped bottom surface, draw off from Dump gate, the cargo capacity of usual automobile all reaches several tons even tens tons, lifting mechanism needs to have enough hoisting forces, also need to keep enough stability simultaneously.In addition owing to needing the tailgate of tipping bucket to open when goods carrying vehicle is unloaded, the mode normally manually opened in prior art, this mode wastes time and energy; Or tailgate upper end thereof, lower end is opened voluntarily under the gravitational thrusts of goods, but this tailgate mounting structure is difficult to the leakproofness ensureing tipping bucket surrounding, particularly easily trickles down for during the tiny goods such as dregs building stones.
China's patent (notification number: 201350860; Publication date: 2009.11.25) disclose a kind of can the automobile of Self-loading & self-unloading, comprise car chassis, and the operator's compartment be arranged on car chassis and self-unloading cargo box, also comprise the lorry-mounted crane be arranged on car chassis between operator's compartment and self-unloading cargo box; The Dump gate of self-unloading cargo box is arranged on himself side or rear side; Lorry-mounted crane comprises the turntable be fixedly installed on car chassis, and the work jibs be connected with turntable, and work jibs is provided with lifting device, and the free end of work jibs is provided with joint component, and on joint component, detouchable is connected with loading appliance; Work jibs comprises basic arm hinged successively each other, inner arm and telescopic boom, is respectively arranged with lifting device between turntable and inner arm and between inner arm and telescopic boom, and the free end of basic arm is connected with turntable, and the free end of telescopic boom is provided with joint component; Lifting device is hydraulic ram, and loading appliance is suspension hook, pawl bucket or hook bucket.
On automobile, arrange lorry-mounted crane and lifting device in above-mentioned patent, complex structure, productive costs is high, and adds additional the load of automobile, causes use cost high.
Summary of the invention
The problems referred to above that the utility model exists for existing technology, provide one automatically to unload design automobile, technical problem to be solved in the utility model is: how to ensure stability when automobile is unloaded automatically and high efficiency.
The purpose of this utility model realizes by following technical proposal:
One unloads design automobile automatically, described automobile comprises vehicle frame and the hopper for lade, described hopper is positioned on described vehicle frame, described hopper is front end near one end of headstock, the other end is tail end, the tail end side of described hopper has tailgate, it is characterized in that, described hopper near the bottom-hinged of tail end on described vehicle frame, described hopper is installed with mount pad near the bottom of front end, described vehicle frame is provided with can by horizontality to the hydraulic actuating cylinder one of vertical state reciprocally swinging, the output shaft of described hydraulic actuating cylinder one is connected with the connecting panel of bar shaped tabular, described vehicle frame is also hinged with hydraulic actuating cylinder two, one end of described connecting panel is hinged on described mount pad, the other end of described connecting panel and the output shaft of described hydraulic actuating cylinder two are hinged, the output shaft of described hydraulic actuating cylinder one is hinged on the middle part of described connecting panel and the side of close connecting panel.
Its principle is as follows: in the technical program, goods is placed in hopper, hydraulic actuating cylinder one and hydraulic actuating cylinder two are all horizontally set on vehicle frame, avoid mutually interfering with hopper, when needing unloading, hydraulic actuating cylinder one and hydraulic actuating cylinder two action, promote hopper to swing around hinge-point, slowly tilt goods can automatically be fallen under self gravitation effect, complete discharging.In this course, hydraulic actuating cylinder one slowly swings finally in vertical state, hydraulic actuating cylinder two also swings around hinge-point, hydraulic actuating cylinder one and hydraulic actuating cylinder two match, and connecting panel is moved along the arching trajectory of the mount pad of feed hopper bottom, and ensure connecting panel all the time just to the base plate of hopper, hydraulic actuating cylinder one can apply effective thrust on the base plate of hopper, the offloading structure of the technical program is stable, and hopper unloading is smooth and easy, and bearing capacity is large.
Automatically unload in design automobile above-mentioned, the width at described connecting panel two ends is less than the width in the middle part of described connecting panel, and the side in the middle part of described connecting panel has the convex edge portion of evagination, and the output shaft of described hydraulic actuating cylinder one is hinged in the portion of described convex edge.Be convenient to the thrust transmission of connecting panel like this, and ensure that there is higher bearing strength.
Automatically unload in design automobile above-mentioned, the biside plate lateral surface of described hopper is all hinged with fastener, described fastener offers the bayonet socket of V-type, the two sides of described tailgate are all installed with the fastener corresponding with described fastener, described fastener has draw-in groove, and described fastener rotates around hinge-point and the bayonet socket place of described fastener can be made to be connected to the draw-in groove place of described fastener.This automobile is in long-distance transport process, or when there is high requirement to hopper airtight, tailgate is made surely by being fixed on hopper by the mating reaction of fastener and fastener, to prevent dropping of goods after locking tailgate, when needing dismounting, only need pull fastener, make it to swing disengaging fastener and namely can realize lock release quickly and easily.
Automatically unload in design automobile above-mentioned, the power of described hydraulic actuating cylinder one is greater than the power of described hydraulic actuating cylinder two.As preferably, the power of hydraulic actuating cylinder one is three to five times of the power of hydraulic actuating cylinder two.In hopper Discharging Process, hydraulic actuating cylinder one plays main thrust, and bears the gravity of goods in hopper and hopper, hydraulic actuating cylinder two promote connecting panel change connecting panel towards, make connecting panel all the time just to hopper, thus make hydraulic actuating cylinder one realize hopper inclination discharging to hopper force efficiently.
Automatically unload in design automobile above-mentioned, the lower side of described tailgate is hinged on the base plate of described hopper; Described vehicle frame has the hinged seat be hinged with described feed hopper bottom, described hinged seat is connected with the push rod that described tailgate can be made to rotate around the hinge-point of tailgate.Tailgate lower end is hinged on hopper, can not come off, also large gap can not be produced between tailgate and the base plate of hopper, can effectively prevent goods from dropping, simultaneously driven hopper to tilt in unloading by hydraulic actuating cylinder one and hydraulic actuating cylinder two, hopper rotates around hinged seat, and the push rod on hinged seat can promote tailgate around the hinge-point of tailgate and rotate, thus open tailgate, convenient and swift realization unloading.
Compared with prior art, advantage of the present utility model is as follows:
1, in the utility model, connecting panel moves along the arching trajectory of the mount pad of feed hopper bottom, ensure that connecting panel is all the time just to the base plate of hopper, hydraulic actuating cylinder one can apply effective thrust on the base plate of hopper, the offloading structure of the technical program is stable, hopper unloading is smooth and easy, and bearing capacity is large.
2, in the utility model, tailgate lower end is hinged on hopper, can not come off, also large gap can not be produced between tailgate and the base plate of hopper, can effectively prevent goods from dropping, simultaneously driven hopper to tilt in unloading by hydraulic actuating cylinder one and hydraulic actuating cylinder two, hopper rotates around hinged seat, and the push rod on hinged seat can promote tailgate around the hinge-point of tailgate and rotate, thus open tailgate, convenient and swift realization unloading.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 be this automobile loading time face structural representation.
Backsight structural representation when Fig. 2 is the loading of this automobile.
Fig. 3 be this automobile unloading time face structural representation.
The structural representation of hydraulic actuating cylinder one and hydraulic actuating cylinder two when Fig. 4 is the unloading of this automobile.
Fig. 5 is the partial enlargement structural representation in Fig. 1.
In figure, 1, vehicle frame; 2, hopper; 21, front end; 22, tail end; 3, mount pad; 4, hydraulic actuating cylinder one; 5, hydraulic actuating cylinder two; 6, connecting panel; 61, convex edge portion; 7, fastener; 71, bayonet socket; 8, fastener; 81, draw-in groove; 9, hinged seat; 10, push rod; 11, tailgate; 12, wheel; 13, headstock.
Detailed description of the invention
The utility model scheme is better understood in order to make those skilled in the art person, below in conjunction with the accompanying drawing in the utility model embodiment, clear, complete description is carried out to the technical scheme in the utility model embodiment, obviously, described embodiment is only a part of embodiment of the present utility model, instead of whole embodiments.Based on the embodiment in the utility model, those of ordinary skill in the art are not making the every other embodiment obtained under creative work prerequisite, all should belong to the scope of the utility model protection.
As shown in Figures 1 to 5, this automatically unloads design automobile and comprises vehicle frame 1 and the hopper 2 for lade, hopper 2 is positioned on vehicle frame 1, vehicle frame 1 bottom is provided with wheel 12, vehicle frame 1 is fixed with headstock 13, hopper 2 is front end 21 near one end of headstock, the other end is tail end 22, tail end 22 side of hopper 2 has tailgate 11, hopper 2 near the bottom-hinged of tail end 22 on vehicle frame 1, hopper 2 is installed with mount pad 3 near the bottom of front end 21, vehicle frame 1 is provided with can by horizontality to the hydraulic actuating cylinder 1 of vertical state reciprocally swinging, the output shaft of hydraulic actuating cylinder 1 is connected with the connecting panel 6 of bar shaped tabular, vehicle frame 1 is also hinged with hydraulic actuating cylinder 25, one end of connecting panel 6 is hinged on mount pad 3, the other end of connecting panel 6 and the output shaft of hydraulic actuating cylinder 25 are hinged, the output shaft of hydraulic actuating cylinder 1 is hinged on the middle part of connecting panel 6 and the side of close connecting panel 6, goods is placed in hopper 2, hydraulic actuating cylinder 1 and hydraulic actuating cylinder 25 are all horizontally set on vehicle frame 1, avoid mutually interfering with hopper 2, when needing unloading, hydraulic actuating cylinder 1 and hydraulic actuating cylinder 25 action, promote hopper 2 to swing around hinge-point, slowly tilt goods can automatically be fallen under self gravitation effect, complete discharging.In this course, hydraulic actuating cylinder 1 slowly swings finally in vertical state, hydraulic actuating cylinder 25 also swings around hinge-point, hydraulic actuating cylinder 1 and hydraulic actuating cylinder 25 match, and connecting panel 6 is moved along the arching trajectory of the mount pad 3 bottom hopper 2, and ensure connecting panel 6 all the time just to the base plate of hopper 2, hydraulic actuating cylinder 1 can apply effective thrust on the base plate of hopper 2, the offloading structure of the technical program is stable, and hopper 2 is unloaded smooth and easy, and bearing capacity is large.
As shown in Figure 4, the width at connecting panel 6 two ends is less than the width in the middle part of connecting panel 6, and the side in the middle part of connecting panel 6 has the convex edge portion 61 of evagination, and the output shaft of hydraulic actuating cylinder 1 is hinged in convex edge portion 61.Be convenient to the thrust transmission of connecting panel 6 like this, and ensure that there is higher bearing strength.
As shown in Figure 5, the biside plate lateral surface of hopper 2 is all hinged with fastener 7, fastener 7 offers the bayonet socket 71 of V-type, the two sides of tailgate 11 are all installed with the fastener 8 corresponding with fastener 7, fastener 8 has draw-in groove 81, fastener 7 rotates around hinge-point and bayonet socket 71 place of fastener 7 can be made to be connected to draw-in groove 81 place of fastener 8.This automobile is in long-distance transport process, or when there is high requirement to hopper 2 airtight, make tailgate 11 steady by being fixed on hopper 2 by fastener 7 and the mating reaction of fastener 8, to prevent dropping of goods after locking tailgate 11, when needing dismounting, only need pull fastener 7, make it to swing disengaging fastener 8 and namely can realize lock release quickly and easily.
The power of the hydraulic actuating cylinder 1 in the present embodiment is greater than the power of hydraulic actuating cylinder 25, and as preferably, the power of hydraulic actuating cylinder 1 is three to five times of the power of hydraulic actuating cylinder 25; In hopper 2 Discharging Process, hydraulic actuating cylinder 1 plays main thrust, and bear the gravity of goods in hopper 2 and hopper 2, hydraulic actuating cylinder 25 promote connecting panel 6 change connecting panel 6 towards, make connecting panel 6 all the time just to hopper 2, thus make hydraulic actuating cylinder 1 efficiently realize hopper 2 to hopper 2 force to tilt discharging; The lower side of tailgate 11 is hinged on the base plate of hopper 2; Vehicle frame 1 has with hopper 2 bottom the hinged seat 9 that is hinged, hinged seat 9 is connected with the push rod 10 that tailgate 11 can be made to rotate around the hinge-point of tailgate 11.Tailgate 11 lower end is hinged on hopper 2, can not come off, also large gap can not be produced between the base plate of tailgate 11 and hopper 2, can effectively prevent goods from dropping, simultaneously driving hopper 2 to tilt in unloading by hydraulic actuating cylinder 1 and hydraulic actuating cylinder 25, hopper 2 rotates around hinged seat 9, and the push rod 10 on hinged seat 9 can promote tailgate 11 around the hinge-point of tailgate 11 and rotate, thus open tailgate 11, convenient and swift realization unloading.
Under the prerequisite not deviating from marrow of the present utility model, the utility model person of ordinary skill in the field can make various amendment or supplements or adopt similar mode to substitute to described specific embodiment, but can't depart from spirit of the present utility model or surmount the scope that appended claims defines.

Claims (5)

1. one kind is unloaded design automobile automatically, comprise vehicle frame (1) and the hopper (2) for lade, vehicle frame (1) bottom is provided with wheel (12), vehicle frame (1) is fixed with headstock (13), described hopper (2) is positioned on described vehicle frame (1), described hopper (2) is front end (21) near one end of headstock, the other end is tail end (22), tail end (22) side of described hopper (2) has tailgate (11), it is characterized in that, the bottom-hinged of the close tail end (22) of described hopper (2) is on described vehicle frame (1), described hopper (2) is installed with mount pad (3) near the bottom of front end (21), described vehicle frame (1) is provided with can by horizontality to the hydraulic actuating cylinder one (4) of vertical state reciprocally swinging, the output shaft of described hydraulic actuating cylinder one (4) is connected with the connecting panel (6) of bar shaped tabular, described vehicle frame (1) is also hinged with hydraulic actuating cylinder two (5), one end of described connecting panel (6) is hinged on described mount pad (3), the other end of described connecting panel (6) and the output shaft of described hydraulic actuating cylinder two (5) are hinged, the output shaft of described hydraulic actuating cylinder one (4) is hinged on the middle part of described connecting panel (6) and the side of close connecting panel (6).
2. according to claim 1ly automatically unload design automobile, it is characterized in that, the width at described connecting panel (6) two ends is less than the width at described connecting panel (6) middle part, the side at described connecting panel (6) middle part has the convex edge portion (61) of evagination, and the output shaft of described hydraulic actuating cylinder one (4) is hinged in described convex edge portion (61).
3. according to claim 2ly automatically unload design automobile, it is characterized in that, the biside plate lateral surface of described hopper (2) is all hinged with fastener (7), described fastener (7) offers the bayonet socket (71) of V-type, the two sides of described tailgate (11) are all installed with the fastener (8) corresponding with described fastener (7), described fastener (8) has draw-in groove (81), described fastener (7) rotates around hinge-point and the bayonet socket of described fastener (7) (71) place can be made to be connected to draw-in groove (81) place of described fastener (8).
4. according to claim 3ly automatically unload design automobile, it is characterized in that, the power of described hydraulic actuating cylinder one (4) is greater than the power of described hydraulic actuating cylinder two (5).
5. according to claim 4ly automatically unload design automobile, it is characterized in that, the lower side of described tailgate (11) is hinged on the base plate of described hopper (2); Described vehicle frame (1) has and the hinged seat (9) that is hinged of described hopper (2) bottom, described hinged seat (9) is connected with the push rod (10) that described tailgate (11) can be made to rotate around the hinge-point of tailgate (11).
CN201520931757.2U 2015-11-20 2015-11-20 Automatic unload design automobile Expired - Fee Related CN205113099U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201520931757.2U CN205113099U (en) 2015-11-20 2015-11-20 Automatic unload design automobile

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201520931757.2U CN205113099U (en) 2015-11-20 2015-11-20 Automatic unload design automobile

Publications (1)

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Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107364383A (en) * 2017-08-29 2017-11-21 石嘴山市宁众运输有限公司 A kind of freight and its loading platform
CN107444233A (en) * 2017-05-09 2017-12-08 东莞市金庄液压技术有限公司 A kind of sugar cane transport car
CN108302099A (en) * 2017-12-12 2018-07-20 湖南百特随车起重机有限公司 A kind of locking system and the turntable with locking system
CN109566099A (en) * 2019-01-09 2019-04-05 温州商学院 A kind of picking robot

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107444233A (en) * 2017-05-09 2017-12-08 东莞市金庄液压技术有限公司 A kind of sugar cane transport car
CN107364383A (en) * 2017-08-29 2017-11-21 石嘴山市宁众运输有限公司 A kind of freight and its loading platform
CN108302099A (en) * 2017-12-12 2018-07-20 湖南百特随车起重机有限公司 A kind of locking system and the turntable with locking system
CN109566099A (en) * 2019-01-09 2019-04-05 温州商学院 A kind of picking robot

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C14 Grant of patent or utility model
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CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20160330

Termination date: 20161120

CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee