CN205079448U - Smoke and dust hot -blast furnace is not had in environmental protection and energy saving - Google Patents

Smoke and dust hot -blast furnace is not had in environmental protection and energy saving Download PDF

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Publication number
CN205079448U
CN205079448U CN201520881264.2U CN201520881264U CN205079448U CN 205079448 U CN205079448 U CN 205079448U CN 201520881264 U CN201520881264 U CN 201520881264U CN 205079448 U CN205079448 U CN 205079448U
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China
Prior art keywords
box
heater
flue
hot
communicated
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Expired - Fee Related
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CN201520881264.2U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
薛庆玲
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薛庆玲
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Priority to CN201520881264.2U priority Critical patent/CN205079448U/en
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Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
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Abstract

The utility model discloses a smoke and dust hot -blast furnace is not had in environmental protection and energy saving, including outer box, interior box, furnace body, the internal portion of outer container is equipped with interior box, be equipped with the ventiduct between interior box and the outer box, outer bottom half one side is equipped with oxygen suppliment mouth, slag notch, charge door and a plurality of ash hole, the oxygen suppliment mouth passes through the oxygen supply pipe furnace body intercommunication internal with the inner box, the slag notch is located one side of oxygen suppliment mouth, the slag notch top is equipped with the charge door, the ash hole collection ash bin intercommunication internal with the inner box, interior box includes furnace body, flue, flue gas cavity, collection ash bin and hot air exitus, hot air exitus lies in box one side, the furnace body lower part is equipped with the grate, furnace body top and flue gas cavity intercommunication, the flue gas cavity passes through flue and collection ash bin intercommunication, the utility model provides a current hot -blast furnace fuel burning insufficient, the thermal efficiency is low, the height that burns up, smoke pollution environment, the heavy problem of structure.

Description

A kind of environment-friendly and energy-saving smokeless dirt hot-blast stove
Technical field
The utility model relates to hot-blast stove technical field, particularly a kind of environment-friendly and energy-saving smokeless dirt hot-blast stove.
Background technology
At present, in the heat exchange type hot-blast stove for the application such as aquaculture, wooden industry, material is Thorough combustion in combustion chamber, the hot-air after burning, through heat exchanger, heat is given fresh cold air, supply hot blast; Existing hot-blast stove due to Proper Design unreasonable, there is following inconvenience: 1) in hot-blast stove, oxygen supply is insufficient causes a large amount of volatile combustion insufficient, and fuel availability is lower, and flue dust is larger; 2) heat exchange area is little, and the thermal efficiency is low, and fuel consumption is high; 3) contain a large amount of cigarette ash in flue gas, block flue, cleaning inconvenience, flue gas is directly outer to be arranged, contaminated environment; 4) furnace binding is heavy, takes up room large, mobile inconvenience.
Summary of the invention
The purpose of this utility model is to provide a kind of environment-friendly and energy-saving smokeless dirt hot-blast stove, and solve existing hot-blast stove fuel combustion insufficient, the thermal efficiency is low, and burnup is high, smoke pollution environment, the problem of structure bulky.
To achieve these goals, the technical solution adopted in the utility model is:
A kind of environment-friendly and energy-saving smokeless dirt hot-blast stove, comprise outer case, internal box, body of heater, described outer case inside is provided with internal box, is provided with ventilating duct between described internal box and outer case, and described outer case side is provided with air inlet, and air inlet is communicated with ventilating duct; Bottom described outer case, side is provided with oxygen supply port, slag notch, charge door and some ash holes; Described oxygen supply port is communicated with the body of heater in internal box by oxygen supplying tube, the external air blast of described oxygen supply port, blows the full combustion of fuel made body of heater oxygen gas-supplying in body of heater by air blast, reduce the smoke content in flue gas, reduce carbon monoxide emission, save fuel source; Described slag notch is positioned at the side of oxygen supply port, is communicated with the body of heater in internal box, for discharging slag; Be provided with charge door above described slag notch, described charge door is communicated with the body of heater in internal box, for supplying fuel to body of heater; Described ash hole is communicated with the dust collecting box in internal box, for regularly removing the ash that falls in flue dust;
Described internal box side is provided with body of heater, described body of heater side is provided with hot-blast outlet, be connected with air-introduced machine, described lower portion of furnace body is provided with fire grate, described body of heater top is communicated with flue gas cavity, and described flue gas cavity is communicated with dust collecting box by flue, and described flue comprises some fume pipe groups, the flue gas that burning produces through upper and lower some backhauls, carries out sedimentation to the dust that air carries out in heat exchange and flue gas in fume pipe group; Described dust collecting box side is provided with outlet flue, and described outlet flue leads to outside outer case, is connected with air-introduced machine, draws flue gas by air-introduced machine; Some dividing plates are all provided with in described flue gas cavity and dust collecting box.
Preferably, described upper of furnace body is provided with some warm-air pipes, and one is be convenient to the air circulation after heating, and two is that fuel can heat the hot blast by warm-air pipe again, and make atmospheric heat reach maximization, the thermal efficiency is high, and calorific value is high, externally supplies hot blast.
Preferably, be provided with universal wheel bottom described outer case, top is provided with suspension ring, is convenient to mobile and stationary heat wind furnace, solves furnace binding heaviness, the problem of not easily movement.
The utility model compared with prior art beneficial effect shows: 1) solve existing hot-blast stove fuel combustion insufficient, the thermal efficiency is low, and burnup is high, containing a large amount of cigarette ash in flue gas, and smoke pollution environment, the problem of structure bulky;
2) described upper of furnace body is provided with some warm-air pipes, and make atmospheric heat reach maximization, the thermal efficiency is high, and calorific value is high, externally supplies hot blast;
3) be provided with universal wheel bottom described outer case, top is provided with suspension ring, is convenient to mobile and stationary heat wind furnace and solves furnace binding heaviness, the problem of not easily movement.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Accompanying drawing 1 is a kind of structural representation of environment-friendly and energy-saving smokeless dirt hot-blast stove;
Accompanying drawing 2 is internal structure schematic diagrames of a kind of environment-friendly and energy-saving smokeless dirt hot-blast stove;
Accompanying drawing 3 is furnace binding schematic diagrames in a kind of environment-friendly and energy-saving smokeless dirt hot-blast stove;
In figure: 1-outer case, 2-internal box, 3-hot-blast outlet, 4-air inlet, 5-body of heater, 6-oxygen supply port, 7-slag notch, 8-charge door, 9-ash hole, 10-universal wheel, 11-suspension ring, 12-oxygen supplying tube, 13-flue, 14-warm-air pipe, 15-outlet flue, 16-fire grate, 17-flue gas cavity, 18-dust collecting box, 19-ventilating duct, 20-dividing plate, 131-fume pipe group.
Detailed description of the invention
For convenience of the understanding of the art personnel, below in conjunction with accompanying drawing 1-3, the technical solution of the utility model is illustrated further.
A kind of environment-friendly and energy-saving smokeless dirt hot-blast stove, comprise outer case 1, internal box 2, body of heater 5, described outer case 1 inside is provided with internal box 2, is provided with ventilating duct 19 between described internal box 2 and outer case 1, described outer case 1 side is provided with air inlet 4, and air inlet 4 is communicated with ventilating duct 19; Bottom described outer case 1, side is provided with oxygen supply port 6, slag notch 7, charge door 8 and some ash holes 9; Described oxygen supply port 6 is communicated with the body of heater 5 in internal box 2 by oxygen supplying tube 12, the external air blast of described oxygen supply port 6; Described slag notch 7 is positioned at the side of oxygen supply port 6, is communicated with the body of heater 5 in internal box 2; Be provided with charge door 8 above described slag notch 7, described charge door 8 is communicated with the body of heater 5 in internal box 2; Described ash hole 9 is communicated with the dust collecting box 18 in internal box 2; Described internal box 2 side is provided with body of heater 5, described body of heater 5 side is provided with hot-blast outlet 3, be connected with air-introduced machine, described body of heater 5 bottom is provided with fire grate 16, described body of heater 5 top is communicated with flue gas cavity 17, described flue gas cavity 17 is communicated with dust collecting box 18 by flue 13, and described flue 13 comprises some fume pipe groups 131; Described dust collecting box 18 side is provided with outlet flue 15, and described outlet flue 15 leads to outside outer case 1, is connected with air-introduced machine; Some dividing plates 20 are all provided with in described flue gas cavity 17 and dust collecting box 18.
User can the fuel factor of based on fuel burning and the difference of heat utilization rate, internal box can be provided with some groups of fume pipes, burning produce flue gas in fume pipe group through upper and lower some backhauls, sedimentation is carried out to the dust that air carries out in heat exchange and flue gas, fall in dust collecting box 18 and discharged by ash hole 9, for quantity and the group number of fume pipe, just do not state one by one at this.
A kind of environment-friendly and energy-saving smokeless dirt hot-blast stove, flue gas trend is as follows: flue gas enters in flue gas cavity by body of heater, enter in dust collecting box by the downward fume pipe group in flue, fume pipe group upwards in flue enters in flue gas cavity, downward fume pipe group again in flue enters in dust collecting box, flue gas is through some backhauls up and down in fume pipe group, and carry out sedimentation to the dust that air carries out in heat exchange and flue gas, flue gas is discharged by air-introduced machine finally by the outlet flue of dust collecting box side.
A kind of environment-friendly and energy-saving smokeless dirt hot-blast stove, hot blast trend is as follows: cold wind enters ventilating duct by air inlet, enters in internal box by ventilating duct, carries out heat exchange by fume pipe group and upper of furnace body warm-air pipe to cold wind, hot blast after heat exchange is drawn by air-introduced machine by hot-blast outlet, supply hot blast.
Above content is only to structure example of the present utility model and explanation; affiliated those skilled in the art make various amendment to described specific embodiment or supplement or adopt similar mode to substitute; only otherwise depart from the structure of utility model or surmount this scope as defined in the claims, protection domain of the present utility model all should be belonged to.

Claims (3)

1. an environment-friendly and energy-saving smokeless dirt hot-blast stove, comprise outer case, internal box, body of heater, it is characterized in that described outer case inside is provided with internal box, between described internal box and outer case, be provided with ventilating duct, described outer case side is provided with air inlet, and air inlet is communicated with ventilating duct; Bottom described outer case, side is provided with oxygen supply port, slag notch, charge door and some ash holes; Described oxygen supply port is communicated with the body of heater in internal box by oxygen supplying tube, the external air blast of described oxygen supply port; Described slag notch is positioned at the side of oxygen supply port, is communicated with the body of heater in internal box; Be provided with charge door above described slag notch, described charge door is communicated with the body of heater in internal box; Described ash hole is communicated with the dust collecting box in internal box; Described internal box side is provided with body of heater, and described body of heater side is provided with hot-blast outlet, is connected with air-introduced machine, described lower portion of furnace body is provided with fire grate, described body of heater top is communicated with flue gas cavity, and described flue gas cavity is communicated with dust collecting box by flue, and described flue comprises some fume pipe groups; Described dust collecting box side is provided with outlet flue, and described outlet flue leads to outside outer case, is connected with air-introduced machine; Some dividing plates are all provided with in described flue gas cavity and dust collecting box.
2. a kind of environment-friendly and energy-saving smokeless dirt hot-blast stove according to claim 1, is characterized in that described upper of furnace body is provided with some warm-air pipes.
3. a kind of environment-friendly and energy-saving smokeless dirt hot-blast stove according to claim 1, it is characterized in that being provided with universal wheel bottom described outer case, top is provided with suspension ring.
CN201520881264.2U 2015-11-05 2015-11-05 Smoke and dust hot -blast furnace is not had in environmental protection and energy saving Expired - Fee Related CN205079448U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201520881264.2U CN205079448U (en) 2015-11-05 2015-11-05 Smoke and dust hot -blast furnace is not had in environmental protection and energy saving

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201520881264.2U CN205079448U (en) 2015-11-05 2015-11-05 Smoke and dust hot -blast furnace is not had in environmental protection and energy saving

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN205079448U true CN205079448U (en) 2016-03-09

Family

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Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201520881264.2U Expired - Fee Related CN205079448U (en) 2015-11-05 2015-11-05 Smoke and dust hot -blast furnace is not had in environmental protection and energy saving

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN205079448U (en)

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C14 Grant of patent or utility model
GR01 Patent grant
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20160309

Termination date: 20161105

CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee