CN205024774U - Building water saving fixtures based on public place - Google Patents

Building water saving fixtures based on public place Download PDF

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Publication number
CN205024774U
CN205024774U CN201520783120.3U CN201520783120U CN205024774U CN 205024774 U CN205024774 U CN 205024774U CN 201520783120 U CN201520783120 U CN 201520783120U CN 205024774 U CN205024774 U CN 205024774U
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China
Prior art keywords
water
floor
waste water
pipe
water storage
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Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN201520783120.3U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
张开生
陈倩倩
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Shaanxi University of Science and Technology
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Shaanxi University of Science and Technology
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Priority to CN201520783120.3U priority Critical patent/CN205024774U/en
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Publication of CN205024774U publication Critical patent/CN205024774U/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

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Abstract

The utility model provides a building water saving fixtures based on public place, wash one's hands the pond respectively with the waste water water storage box with overflow pipeline intercommunication, the waste water water storage box passes through the on -off control valve and links to each other with floater A, the on -off control valve links to each other with the water injection pipeline, and the water injection pipeline lets in the toilet tank of lower floor, the waste water water storage box still communicates with sewage pipes, floater B in the toilet tank of lower floor links to each other with inlet valve, be equipped with the overflow pipe in the toilet tank of lower floor, cycle request button links to each other with the drain valve, the water injection pipeline and the sewage pipes of the bottom are connected, the water of washing hand in the pond flows in in the toilet tank of lower floor from the waste water water storage box, after the floor closestool was washed by water down, the water of running water and waste water water storage box was injected into in the toilet tank, down the toilet tank of floor is during the refill, and the water level of going up in the waste water water storage box of floor risees, analogize with this, the waste water of second floor is in the water injection pipeline flows into the toilet tank of bottom building, has high, the simple structure of water conservation rate, simple to operate's characteristics.

Description

A kind of building water saving device based on public place
Technical field
The utility model belongs to environment-friendly water-saving technical field, is specifically related to a kind of building water saving device based on public place.
Background technology
In some public arenas, the places such as such as government offices building, office premises, each emporium, in washroom, the water of washbasin is finished and is directly discharged to sewage conduct, but the hand-washing water of public place compares family domestic sewage, more totally, easily processes.The estimation of public lavatory water is planned to build: a lavatory pan target water is 80L/h, water supply volume 14m according to the display of " Water and Waste Water Engineering rapid Design handbook-3 water & wastewater engineering for building " data 3/ d, a urinal target water is 70L/h, water supply volume 4.5m 3/ d, a wash basin target water is 20L/h, water supply volume 1.6m 3/ d.If have four wash basins by an office building every layer, every day water supply volume 1.6*4=6.4m 3, every water consumption per month 6.4*31=198.4m 3, annual water supply volume 198.4*12=2380.8m 3, and this is only the water supply volume of the washbasin waste of an office building first floor, calculates by building 20 floor, the building washbasin water supply volume of a year is 2380.8*20=47616m 3, these water can supply the water supply volume of a lavatory pan and urinal 47616/ (14.5+4.5) * 12=7, and these are just conservative estimation also; do not consider that some are artificially wasted, the problem such as to leak, sees these surprising data; we mankind should introspect; should take action to some extent, water resource is non-renewable, does not allow us to waste like this; water conservation is we everyone obligation; otherwise tellurian last drips, will be the tears of we mankind.
Summary of the invention
In order to overcome above-mentioned the deficiencies in the prior art, the purpose of this utility model is to provide a kind of building water saving device based on public place, the utility model can save the use water between public places sanitary effectively, turn waste into wealth, sanitation and hygiene, have that water-saving rate is high, structure is simple, easy for installation, be easy to the feature that operates.
To achieve these goals, the technical solution adopted in the utility model is: a kind of building water saving device based on public place, and include the washbasin be located in rest room, public place, washbasin is communicated with overflow pipe with waste water storage tank respectively with filter pipe; Be provided with switching control pilot bottom waste water storage tank, switching control pilot is connected with ball float A; Switching control pilot is connected with the upper end of filling pipe, and the lower end of filling pipe passes in the water-closet tank of lower floor; Waste water storage tank is also communicated with blow-off line; Ball float B in the water-closet tank of lower floor is connected with inlet valve; Water supply pipe is connected with angle valve with inlet valve, filling pipe; Bleed off pipe is provided with in the water-closet tank of lower floor; Flush button is connected with draining valve by chain, and chain, through the via hole be fixed on bleed off pipe, plays fixation; The filling pipe of building bottom washroom is connected with blow-off line.
Described filter pipe built with strainer, strainer by taking over, cylindrical shell, filter basket, flange, blind flange and securing member form.
The ball float A of described waste water storage tank and switching control pilot control the supply of water between waste water storage tank and water-closet tank automatically.
Described angle valve is connected with the water supply pipe in water-closet tank.
The interface of general running water pipe water inlet pipe is internal thread nut, and wall delivery port is interior Threaded Connector Coupling, needs angle valve conversion to connect; Angle valve is the parts bearing hydraulic pressure, can close in time if desired, be conducive to the work of Installation and Debugging running water pipe and maintenance pipeline, need not turn off total sluice, and other is unaffected with water place; Angle valve is the insurance of water supply pipe, when pipeline goes wrong, can close angle valve in time, can prevent more serious loss.
The utility model has the advantages that:
The patent No. is " a kind of water saving fixtures being common to family and unit " of ZL200920140257.1, its design is that the clear water of filtration is flowed into water storage box by the road, after filling, manually need pour lower header into, on the connecting line of lower header and water-closet tank, a manual control valve has been installed, when rushing toilet, manual unlocking by-pass valve control, after lower header is filled, needs manual-lock by-pass valve control; Compared with water saving fixtures of the present utility model, the clear water filtered is under the effect of gravitional force, flow directly in waste water storage tank, and the quite above-mentioned manual control valve mentioned of switching control pilot of ball float A in waste water storage tank and connection, do not need the supply that manually just automatically can control water between waste water storage tank and water-closet tank, advantage is, conveniently saves trouble, saves manpower;
The patent No. is " floor water-saving device " of [CN103669503A], and the water in washbasin is preferentially stored into water tank by its design, and unnecessary water can enter sewage sewer pipe by overflow pipe; Compared with water saving fixtures of the present utility model, the toilet of most top floor is rinsed by water supply pipe, the waste water of washbasin after filtration pipeline is collected in waste water storage tank, after the closet flushing button of low first floor is pressed, waste water flows in the toilet tanks of low first floor through filling pipe, for current floor flush toilet supplies water; By that analogy, the filling pipe of the second floor flows in the waste water of toilet water storage box of the first floor, and the waste water of washroom, bottom building washbasin flows directly into blow-off line.Advantage is, effectively can save the use water between public places sanitary, turn waste into wealth.
Another advantage of the present utility model is, waste water storage tank and water supply pipe simultaneously for flush toilet supplies water, can save great lot of water resources; When hydropenic in waste water storage tank time, the water of water supply pipe can be normally still that water-closet tank supplies water, and can not affect the normal hygienic order of public arena.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 a is the part-structure theory diagram of the utility model water saving fixtures.
Fig. 1 b is the theory diagram that water saving fixtures of the present utility model are positioned at inner point of lower first floor.
Fig. 2 a be in the utility model embodiment by the pipeline after filtration of the waste water in public place washbasin, converge in the waste water storage tank under washbasin, the system schematic that the flush toilet for low first floor washroom supplies water.
Fig. 2 b is that in the utility model embodiment, waste water storage tank is the detailed operation schematic diagram that low first floor toilet flush supplies water.
The schematic diagram of mode of operation between Ge Ceng washroom, Zhong Zhengdong building, public place in Fig. 2 c the utility model embodiment.
Fig. 3 a is workflow diagram of the present utility model.
Fig. 3 b is workflow diagram of the present utility model.
Detailed description of the invention
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing, this patent is described further.
The present embodiment is described the utility model for 3 floor height buildings.
Based on a building water saving device for public place, include the washbasin 1 be located in rest room, public place, filter pipe 2, waste water storage tank 3, overflow pipe 4, ball float A5, switching control pilot 6, filling pipe 7, flush button 8, draining valve 9, bleed off pipe 10, inlet valve 11, ball float B12, filling pipe 13, water supply pipe 14, angle valve 15, blow-off line 16.
See Fig. 1 a, washbasin 1 is communicated with waste water storage tank 3 by filter pipe 2; Waste water storage tank 3 is connected with overflow pipe 4, and ball float A5 is connected with switching control pilot 6 and is arranged on the bottom of waste water storage tank 3, and they control the logical and disconnected of filling pipe 7; The filter pipe 2 of building bottom washroom is connected with blow-off line 16; Filling pipe 7 is connected with switching control pilot 6 and passes in the water tank of flush toilet; Blow-off line 16 is also communicated with waste water storage tank 3.
Described filter pipe 2 built with strainer, strainer by taking over, cylindrical shell, filter basket, flange, blind flange and securing member form.
After liquid enters filter basket by cylindrical shell, solid impurity particle is blocked in filter basket, and the fluid of cleaning is by filter basket, is discharged by filter outlet; When needs clean, supervisor bottom plug screw of outwarding winding, emptying fluid, dismounting blind flange, reloads after cleaning.Therefore, working service is very convenient.Filter pipe has compact conformation, filter capacity is large, crushing is little, applied widely, easy to maintenance advantage.
Described overflow pipe 4 is connected with waste water storage tank 3, and the water in the waste water storage tank 3 of this floor stores completely, is just flowed into by overflow pipe 7 in the waste water storage tank 3 of low one deck washroom.
Described filling pipe 7 is connected with the water-closet tank of lower first floor, and waste water enters water-closet tank at the flows by action of gravitional force, do not need other external force supports, energy conservation.
See Fig. 1 b, filling pipe 7 is connected with the toilet tanks of lower first floor, and in water tank, ball float B12 is connected with inlet valve 11; Water supply pipe 14 is connected with filling pipe 13, angle valve 15; Water supply pipe 14 controls connection and the closedown of inlet valve 11; Bleed off pipe 10 is arranged in water-closet tank; Flush button 8 is connected with draining valve 9 by chain, and chain, through the via hole be fixed on bleed off pipe 10, plays fixation.
Described bleed off pipe 10 is arranged in water-closet tank, if toilet breaks down, switching control pilot 6 cannot close, and bleed off pipe 10 prevents the water of water tank from overflowing.
See Fig. 2 a, in the most top layer rest room of building in public places, wastewater streams in washbasin 1 is pipeline 2 after filtration, under the effect of gravitional force, converge in the waste water storage tank 3 under washbasin, waste water flows in the water-closet tank in lower first floor washroom through filling pipe 7, and top floor flush toilet is only rinsed by water supply pipe 14, if after the water in waste water storage tank 3 is filled, flow into by overflow pipe 4 in the waste water storage tank 3 of lower first floor.
After the closet flushing button 8 of low first floor is pressed, draining valve 9 is opened, ball float B12 sinks to opening inlet valve 11, tap water is injected in water-closet tank, ball float A5 in the waste water storage tank 3 of simultaneously top floor is also in sinking state, and switching control pilot 6 is opened, and the filtered water of collecting in the waste water storage tank 3 of top floor is under the effect of gravitional force, flow in lower first floor water-closet tank, for the water-closet tank of lower first floor supplies water; After the water of water-closet tank arrives preset height, ball float B12 raises with the rising of water level, is closed by inlet valve 11 after rising, connects the filling pipe 7 mouthfuls of waste water storage tank 3 by after the water seal in water-closet tank, no longer water filling; At this moment, the water level in waste water storage tank 3 can raise gradually, after arriving certain altitude, ball float A5 floats to certain altitude, and after action, just switching control pilot 6 is closed, if after the water in waste water storage tank 3 fills, flow in the waste water storage tank 3 of low first floor, see Fig. 2 b by overflow pipe 4.
The toilet tanks of most top floor is supplied water by water supply pipe 14, the waste water that washbasin 1 converges flows in the toilet tanks of lower first floor through filling pipe 7, if the water in the waste water storage tank of most top floor store full after, waste water also can flow in the waste water storage tank of lower one deck washroom by overflow pipe; By that analogy, the waste water of the second floor is in the toilet tanks that filling pipe 7 flows into bottom building, if the water in the waste water storage tank of the second floor stores completely, waste water also can flow in the waste water storage tank of bottom washroom by overflow pipe 4, and the waste water of washroom, bottom building washbasin 1 flows directly into blow-off line 16, see Fig. 2 c.
See Fig. 3 a, the workflow of this patent is as follows: in the most top layer rest room of building in public places, waste water in washbasin pipeline after filtration, under the effect of gravitional force, converge in the waste water storage tank under washbasin, waste water in waste water storage tank flows in the water-closet tank of low first floor washroom through filling pipe, if the water in the waste water storage tank of this floor stores completely, waste water also can be flowed in the waste water storage tank of low one deck washroom by overflow pipe, and top floor flush toilet is only rinsed by tap water;
See Fig. 3 b, the workflow of this patent is as follows: after the closet flushing button of low first floor is pressed, draining valve is opened, ball float B sinks to opening inlet valve, and tap water is injected in water-closet tank, and the ball float A simultaneously in top layer waste water storage tank is also in sinking state, switching control pilot is opened, the filtered water of collecting in waste water storage tank, under the effect of gravitional force, flows in the water-closet tank of low first floor, for current floor flush toilet supplies water; After the water of water-closet tank arrives certain altitude, ball float B raises with the rising of water level, is closed by inlet valve after action, connects the water injection pipe road junction of waste water storage tank by after the water seal in water-closet tank, no longer water filling; At this moment, the water level in waste water storage tank can raise gradually, and after arriving preset height, ball float A floats to preset height, is closed by switching control pilot after action; By that analogy, the waste water of the second floor is in the toilet tanks that filling pipe flows into bottom building, and unnecessary waste water flows in blow-off line through overflow pipe, and the waste water of washroom, bottom building washbasin flows directly into blow-off line.
Embodiment, the flow process of the water saving fixtures water saving described in utilization, comprises the following steps:
1) the waste water pipeline 2 after filtration in the washbasin 1 in the third layer building of building in public places, under the effect of gravitional force, converge in the waste water storage tank 3 under washbasin 1, waste water flows in the water-closet tank in the second floor washroom through filling pipe 7, and top floor flush toilet only rinses with water supply pipe 14;
2) after the flush button 8 of the toilet of the second floor is pressed, draining valve 9 is opened, ball float B12 sinks to opening inlet valve 11, tap water is injected in water-closet tank, ball float A5 in the waste water storage tank 3 of simultaneously this floor is also in sinking state, and switching control pilot 6 is opened, and the filtered water of collecting in waste water storage tank 3 is under the effect of gravitional force, flowing in the water-closet tank of the second floor, is that the water-closet tank of the second floor supplies water;
3) after the water of the water-closet tank of the second floor arrives preset height, inlet valve 10 is closed with after the rising of water level by ball float B12, connects filling pipe 7 delivery port of waste water storage tank 3 by after the water seal in water-closet tank, no longer water filling; Water level in waste water storage tank 3 can raise gradually, and after arriving preset height, after ball float A5 floating, just switching control pilot 6 is closed;
4) waste water of the second floor is in the toilet tanks that filling pipe 7 flows into the first floor, waste water unnecessary in the waste water storage tank of the first floor flows in blow-off line 16 through overflow pipe 4, and the waste water in the washbasin of the first floor flows directly into blow-off line 16.

Claims (4)

1. the building water saving device based on public place, include the washbasin (1) be located in rest room, public place, it is characterized in that, washbasin (1) is communicated with overflow pipe (4) with waste water storage tank (3) respectively with filter pipe (2); Waste water storage tank (3) bottom is provided with switching control pilot (6), and switching control pilot (6) is connected with ball float A (5); Switching control pilot (6) is connected with the upper end of filling pipe (7), and the lower end of filling pipe (7) passes in the water-closet tank of lower floor; Waste water storage tank (3) is also communicated with blow-off line (16); Ball float B (12) in the water-closet tank of lower floor is connected with inlet valve (11); Water supply pipe (14) is connected with angle valve (15) with inlet valve (11), filling pipe (13); Bleed off pipe (10) is provided with in the water-closet tank of lower floor; Flush button (8) is connected with draining valve (9) by chain, and chain, through the via hole be fixed on bleed off pipe (10), plays fixation; The filling pipe (7) of building bottom washroom is connected with blow-off line (16).
2. a kind of building water saving device based on public place according to claim 1, is characterized in that, described filter pipe (2) built with strainer, strainer by taking over, cylindrical shell, filter basket, flange, blind flange and securing member form.
3. a kind of building water saving device based on public place according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, the ball float A (5) of described waste water storage tank (3) and switching control pilot (6) control the supply of water between waste water storage tank (3) and water-closet tank automatically.
4. a kind of building water saving device based on public place according to claim 1, is characterized in that, described angle valve (15) is connected with the water supply pipe (14) in water-closet tank.
CN201520783120.3U 2015-10-10 2015-10-10 Building water saving fixtures based on public place Expired - Fee Related CN205024774U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201520783120.3U CN205024774U (en) 2015-10-10 2015-10-10 Building water saving fixtures based on public place

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201520783120.3U CN205024774U (en) 2015-10-10 2015-10-10 Building water saving fixtures based on public place

Publications (1)

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CN205024774U true CN205024774U (en) 2016-02-10

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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105178402A (en) * 2015-10-10 2015-12-23 陕西科技大学 Building water saving device and method based on public place
CN106049621A (en) * 2016-07-20 2016-10-26 陕西理工大学 Water-saving system for toilets in multi-layer public building
RU2610698C2 (en) * 2016-02-24 2017-02-14 Александр Тихонович Зиньковский Method for operating economy class public bathrooms

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105178402A (en) * 2015-10-10 2015-12-23 陕西科技大学 Building water saving device and method based on public place
RU2610698C2 (en) * 2016-02-24 2017-02-14 Александр Тихонович Зиньковский Method for operating economy class public bathrooms
CN106049621A (en) * 2016-07-20 2016-10-26 陕西理工大学 Water-saving system for toilets in multi-layer public building
CN106049621B (en) * 2016-07-20 2019-06-25 陕西理工大学 A kind of multilayer public building water saving system of toilet

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GR01 Patent grant
C14 Grant of patent or utility model
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20160210

Termination date: 20161010

CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee