CN204986974U - Automatic rotatory deashing fires burning furnace - Google Patents

Automatic rotatory deashing fires burning furnace Download PDF

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Publication number
CN204986974U
CN204986974U CN201520466329.7U CN201520466329U CN204986974U CN 204986974 U CN204986974 U CN 204986974U CN 201520466329 U CN201520466329 U CN 201520466329U CN 204986974 U CN204986974 U CN 204986974U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
grate
fire grate
air
auger
ash
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Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN201520466329.7U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
洪全仁
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洪全仁
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Priority to CN201520466329.7U priority Critical patent/CN204986974U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN204986974U publication Critical patent/CN204986974U/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

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Abstract

The utility model relates to an automatic rotatory deashing fires burning furnace, its characterized in that equidistantly in the furnace is equipped with a plurality of tuber pipes, and the lateral wall of every tuber pipe and roof be equidistant to be equipped with a plurality of exhaust holes, and the bottom of every tuber pipe is equipped with the inlet port, links to each other with air supply subassembly exhaust hole in the base, the grate of combustor adopts the cylinder, use the centre of a circle and follow four subregions of circumference partition as the benchmark, the grate back is first, and secondly, circular fixed reinforcing bar is equipped with under the third subregion, rotate when the grate and fall down automatically at fourth subregion lime -ash zone time grate, lime -ash on the grate then falls into the auger nowel of slagging tap of just working naturally, but high temperature resistant swivel bearing is equipped with at the grate center, the axle lower extreme is connected to adjustable speed inverter motor and inside and outside carousel through chain gear, constitute the movable grate of 90 reciprocal upsets. The utility model discloses novel structure is unique, and it is convenient to use, and production efficiency is high, can be under the circumstances of not blowing out, and artifical follow ash pond incessant the lime -ash of can relaxing, increasing the heat efficiency.

Description

Automatic rotation deashing combustion furnace
[technical field]
The utility model relates to combustion furnace technical field, specifically a kind of automatic rotation deashing combustion furnace.
[background technology]
Traditional biomass combustor adopts fixed grate, (i.e. primary combustion in long-term combustion process; Second-time burning) easily coking, cause biomass fuel not easily Thorough combustion, the thermal efficiency is low, and this measure not only adds fuel cost, and fire grate can not rotate, and for a long time at the same area high-temp combustion, fire grate parts easily damage, and maintenance cost increases greatly.The biomass fuel afterburnt, remaining lime-ash, in some cycles, necessary blowing out, manually removes the gred, the thermal efficiency; Waste of fuel is serious, and the working strength of fireman also strengthens simultaneously.And artificial except cinder notch is as poorly sealed, have a small amount of flue gas and thin lime-ash spilling, seal operation is loaded down with trivial details, can not accomplish workshop dustlessization, is not easy to shop safety and produces.
[summary of the invention]
The purpose of this utility model is the defect overcoming prior art existence, provides a kind of automatic rotation deashing combustion furnace of new structure.
For achieving the above object, design a kind of automatic rotation deashing combustion furnace, comprise burner hearth, feeding material component, base, be provided with fire grate in base, assembly of blowing, assembly of slagging tap, it is characterized in that, be equidistantly provided with some airducts in burner hearth, sidewall and the roof of every root airduct are equidistantly provided with some steam vents, the bottom of every root airduct is provided with air admission hole, is connected with the air-supply assembly steam vent in base; The fire grate of combustor adopts cylinder, take the center of circle as benchmark circumferentially decile four subregions, circular fixing reinforcing bar is equipped with at the fire grate back side under first, second, third subregion, when fire grate turns in the 4th subregion clinker area, fire grate falls automatically, lime-ash on fire grate then naturally drop into just working slag tap in auger nowel, high temperature resistant rotatable bearing is equipped with at fire grate center, and axle lower end is connected to adjustable speed variable-frequency motor and interior outer rotary table through chain pitch wheel, the movable fire grate of structure reciprocal upset in 90 °.
Fire-gate side wall has small ventilating holes, and oxygen circulates.
Described feeding material component adopts light-duty auger to realize mechanical feed, and the blanking auger with 45 ° of gradients coordinates the living beings hopper be positioned at above blanking auger to feed intake to combustion chamber.
Also auger type mucking machine can be housed in base, auger type mucking machine is provided with slag inlet, and to ranked fourth subregion clinker area suitable with stove, coordinates rotationally reciprocating fire grate, can realize automatically uninterruptedly slagging tap.When not blowing out, slag tap through auger.
The slag notch of auger type mucking machine is provided with black box, slag notch good airproof performance, reduces workshop air dust amount, truly accomplishes Workshop Production dustlessization.
Base bottom is provided with universal wheel, is convenient in production site mobile.
Described air-supply assembly adopts segmented air-supply, and on the first zoned grate, outlet air door air quantity regulates high; On second, third zoned grate, outlet air door air quantity regulates little; When fire grate rotates the 4th subregion, fire grate only has the lime-ash of thorough after-flame, now without the need to air distribution, air outlet closes, and adopts segmented air-supply, and biomass fuel is on the first zoned grate, and air door air quantity regulates high, thus carries out aerobic vigorous combustion.On second, third zoned grate, fire grate is the clinker area after burning, but also has a small amount of unburnt fuel, so join a small amount of wind, when aerobic, fuel is burnt again, and fuel availability improves greatly.When fire grate rotates the 4th subregion, fire grate only has the lime-ash of thorough after-flame, now without the need to air distribution, lime-ash directly falls into slagging-off auger bucket case, through work auger, when not blowing out, be uninterruptedly extracted into beyond combustor body, substantially increase boiler service efficiency, reduce the working strength of fireman.
Automatic rotation deashing combustion furnace of the present utility model, novel structure is unique, easy to use, production efficiency is high, when not blowing out, manually easily uninterruptedly can go out lime-ash from ashpit, improve the thermal efficiency, when reducing fuel cost, the working strength of fireman also reduces relatively.The auger type mucking machine be equipped with, without the need to manual intervention, can realize automatically uninterruptedly slagging tap.Slag notch good airproof performance, reduces workshop air dust amount, truly accomplishes Workshop Production dustlessization.
[accompanying drawing explanation]
Fig. 1 is the utility model overall structure schematic diagram;
Fig. 2 is the utility model overall structure schematic diagram;
Fig. 3 is fire grate structure schematic diagram;
Description of symbols in figure
1 burner hearth, 2 airducts, 3 variable-frequency motors, 4 automatic ash removing augers, 5 ash collection mouths, 6 boccas, 7 living beings blanking bins, 8 little wind flange ports, 9 gentle breeze flange ports, 10 strong wind flange ports, 11 universal wheels, 12 rotating shafts, 13 chains, 14 frequency conversion adjustable speed motors, 15 frequency conversion air blasts, 16 variable-frequency motors, 17 blanking augers
[detailed description of the invention]
Now being further elaborated the technical solution of the utility model for accompanying drawing, is clearly for a person skilled in the art.
As shown in Figure 1-2, automatic rotation deashing combustion furnace, comprises burner hearth, feeding material component, base, is provided with fire grate, assembly of blowing, assembly of slagging tap in base,
First, be equidistantly provided with some airducts in burner hearth, sidewall and the roof of every root airduct are equidistantly provided with some steam vents, and the bottom of every root airduct is provided with air admission hole, are connected with the air-supply assembly steam vent in base;
Secondly, the fire grate of combustor adopts cylinder, take the center of circle as benchmark circumferentially decile four subregions, circular fixing reinforcing bar is equipped with at the fire grate back side under first, second, third subregion, when fire grate turns in the 4th subregion clinker area, fire grate falls automatically, lime-ash on fire grate then naturally drop into just working slag tap in auger nowel, high temperature resistant rotatable bearing is equipped with at fire grate center, axle lower end is connected to adjustable speed variable-frequency motor and interior outer rotary table through chain pitch wheel, the movable fire grate of structure reciprocal upset in 90 °, fire-gate side wall has small ventilating holes, and oxygen circulates.
Then, feeding material component adopts light-duty auger to realize mechanical feed, and the blanking auger with 45 ° of gradients coordinates the living beings hopper be positioned at above blanking auger to feed intake to combustion chamber.Also auger type mucking machine can be housed in base, auger type mucking machine is provided with slag inlet, and to ranked fourth subregion clinker area suitable with stove, coordinates rotationally reciprocating fire grate, can realize automatically uninterruptedly slagging tap.When not blowing out, slag tap through auger.The slag notch of auger type mucking machine is provided with black box, slag notch good airproof performance, reduces workshop air dust amount, truly accomplishes Workshop Production dustlessization.
Base bottom is provided with universal wheel, is convenient in production site mobile.
Finally, described air-supply assembly adopts segmented air-supply, and on the first zoned grate, outlet air door air quantity regulates high; On second, third zoned grate, outlet air door air quantity regulates little; When fire grate rotates the 4th subregion, fire grate only has the lime-ash of thorough after-flame, now without the need to air distribution, air outlet closes, and adopt segmented air-supply, biomass fuel is on the first zoned grate, air door air quantity regulates high, thus carries out aerobic vigorous combustion, on second, third zoned grate, it fire grate is the clinker area after burning, but also have a small amount of unburnt fuel, so join a small amount of wind, when aerobic, fuel is burnt again, and fuel availability improves greatly.When fire grate rotates the 4th subregion, fire grate only has the lime-ash of thorough after-flame, now without the need to air distribution, lime-ash directly falls into slagging-off auger bucket case, through work auger, when not blowing out, be uninterruptedly extracted into beyond combustor body, substantially increase boiler service efficiency, reduce the working strength of fireman.

Claims (7)

1. an automatic rotation deashing combustion furnace, comprise burner hearth, feeding material component, base, be provided with fire grate in base, assembly of blowing, assembly of slagging tap, it is characterized in that, some airducts are equidistantly provided with in burner hearth, sidewall and the roof of every root airduct are equidistantly provided with some steam vents, and the bottom of every root airduct is provided with air admission hole, are connected with the air-supply assembly steam vent in base; The fire grate of combustor adopts cylinder, take the center of circle as benchmark circumferentially decile four subregions, circular fixing reinforcing bar is equipped with at the fire grate back side under first, second, third subregion, when fire grate turns in the 4th subregion clinker area, fire grate falls automatically, lime-ash on fire grate then naturally drop into just working slag tap in auger nowel, high temperature resistant rotatable bearing is equipped with at fire grate center, and axle lower end is connected to adjustable speed variable-frequency motor and interior outer rotary table through chain pitch wheel, the movable fire grate of structure reciprocal upset in 90 °.
2. a kind of automatic rotation deashing combustion furnace as claimed in claim 1, is characterized in that, fire-gate side wall has small ventilating holes, and oxygen circulates.
3. a kind of automatic rotation deashing combustion furnace as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that, described feeding material component adopts light-duty auger to realize mechanical feed, and the blanking auger with 45 ° of gradients coordinates the living beings hopper be positioned at above blanking auger to feed intake to combustion chamber.
4. a kind of automatic rotation deashing combustion furnace as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that, also auger type mucking machine can be housed in base, auger type mucking machine is provided with slag inlet, to ranked fourth subregion clinker area suitable with stove, coordinates rotationally reciprocating fire grate, can realize automatically uninterruptedly slagging tap, when not blowing out, slag tap through auger.
5. a kind of automatic rotation deashing combustion furnace as claimed in claim 3, it is characterized in that, the slag notch of auger type mucking machine is provided with black box.
6. a kind of automatic rotation deashing combustion furnace as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that, base bottom is provided with universal wheel.
7. a kind of automatic rotation deashing combustion furnace as claimed in claim 1, is characterized in that, described air-supply assembly adopts segmented air-supply, and on the first zoned grate, outlet air door air quantity regulates high; On second, third zoned grate, outlet air door air quantity regulates little; When fire grate rotates the 4th subregion, fire grate only has the lime-ash of thorough after-flame, now without the need to air distribution, air outlet closes.
CN201520466329.7U 2015-07-01 2015-07-01 Automatic rotatory deashing fires burning furnace Expired - Fee Related CN204986974U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201520466329.7U CN204986974U (en) 2015-07-01 2015-07-01 Automatic rotatory deashing fires burning furnace

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201520466329.7U CN204986974U (en) 2015-07-01 2015-07-01 Automatic rotatory deashing fires burning furnace

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN204986974U true CN204986974U (en) 2016-01-20

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Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105546518A (en) * 2016-02-16 2016-05-04 郑州恒基耐磨制品有限公司 Turntable type automatic slag-crushing combustion machine
CN106016245A (en) * 2016-07-19 2016-10-12 郑州永邦电气有限公司 Biomass particle heating furnace lagging prevention device
CN106122989A (en) * 2016-07-08 2016-11-16 吴鹏 A kind of boiler ash hole ash discharging gear
CN108916860A (en) * 2018-09-03 2018-11-30 安徽工业大学 A kind of continuous type novel biomass grate-firing boiler

Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105546518A (en) * 2016-02-16 2016-05-04 郑州恒基耐磨制品有限公司 Turntable type automatic slag-crushing combustion machine
CN106122989A (en) * 2016-07-08 2016-11-16 吴鹏 A kind of boiler ash hole ash discharging gear
CN106016245A (en) * 2016-07-19 2016-10-12 郑州永邦电气有限公司 Biomass particle heating furnace lagging prevention device
CN106016245B (en) * 2016-07-19 2017-12-15 郑州永邦电气有限公司 A kind of biological particles heating stove slag-bonding protective device
CN108916860A (en) * 2018-09-03 2018-11-30 安徽工业大学 A kind of continuous type novel biomass grate-firing boiler
CN108916860B (en) * 2018-09-03 2020-01-03 安徽工业大学 Novel biomass fixed bed combustion boiler capable of continuously working

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C14 Grant of patent or utility model
GR01 Patent grant
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20160120

Termination date: 20160701