CN204917985U - Continuous type carbomorphism activation furnace - Google Patents

Continuous type carbomorphism activation furnace Download PDF

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Publication number
CN204917985U
CN204917985U CN201520622274.4U CN201520622274U CN204917985U CN 204917985 U CN204917985 U CN 204917985U CN 201520622274 U CN201520622274 U CN 201520622274U CN 204917985 U CN204917985 U CN 204917985U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
activation
carbonization
section
blast pipe
air channel
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN201520622274.4U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
刘涛
董宁禹
蒋士君
刘欢欢
冯建勇
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HENAN YIHE LIKE AGRICULTURAL SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY Co Ltd
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HENAN YIHE LIKE AGRICULTURAL SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201520622274.4U priority Critical patent/CN204917985U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN204917985U publication Critical patent/CN204917985U/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
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Abstract

The utility model relates to a continuous type carbomorphism activation furnace, including carbomorphism activation furnace shell, be provided with the support the carbomorphism activation furnace below, inside from last a plurality of feed inlet, carbonization section, activation section, cooling zone and the play hopper of having set gradually under to at the carbomorphism activation furnace is provided with the spiral discharge machine in the export of a hopper, is provided with carbonization section air -supply line in the bottom of carbonization section, carbonization section air -supply line include a main air -supply line and divide the air -supply line that divide air -supply line one end and main air -supply line together fixed, the other end seals, is provided with a plurality of exhaust vents on minute air -supply line, the activation section include and be the carbon passageway between two adjacent activation wind channels in a plurality of activation wind channel that be provided with activation air -supply line and air inlet in the activation section, the activation air -supply line is linked together through the upper portion of pipeline with the activation wind channel, is provided with the flue gas recovery tube in the lower part in activation wind channel. The utility model discloses a carbomorphism activation furnace is efficient, pollution -free.

Description

Continous way carbonization-activation stove
Technical field
The utility model relates to a kind of stalk carbonizing device, particularly relates to a kind of continous way carbonization-activation stove.
Background technology
China is large agricultural country, and stalk resource is very abundant, for making full use of these resources, replacing coal, electric power, playing its advantage function.At present, domestic straw utilization rate only accounts for about 30%, through technical finesse utilization be also insignificant, most or consumption naturally, crop straw burning phenomenon remains incessant after repeated prohibition, contaminate environment, brings serious harm to the physical and mental health of people.Chinese patent CN102504835A " biomass carbonizing furnace " discloses and a kind ofly can improve the biomass carbonizing furnace that biomass material charing rate can improve again biomass material carbonization quality, but this utility model does not make full use of the wood gas that charing produces, result in the waste of the energy, thermo-efficiency is low.
Chinese patent CN102032553A " equipment of the charing of a kind of continuous rotary biomass pyrolytic and boiler heat supplying integration " discloses one and utilizes biomass pyrolytic to carbonize to produce wood gas, provides the equipment of high temperature energy by the high-temperature flue gas form biomass pyrolysis of generation after burning.But there is following deficiency in this equipment: be 1, only external-heat charing mode, do not have high-temperature flue gas to contact with the internal heat type of biomass material, charing efficiency is on the low side.What 2, adopt is traditional anoxybiotic pyrolytic process, and charcoal yield and inflammable gas yield can not adjust.3, wood gas extraction temperature is on the low side, easily condenses into wood tar oil, causes line clogging, contaminated equipment and environment.
In order to allow peasant, remaining straw collecting is carried out charing people and have developed stalk coke oven, burning charing is carried out to stalk, existing stalk coke oven, thermal transition efficiency is low, waste-gas cleaning effect is bad, can not realize smoke dust discharge, not meet environment protection standard, running cost is higher, and current consumption is larger.
Utility model content
The utility model provides the device and uses thereof of a kind of biomass charcoal, gas, oil, liquid, heat, electric Poly-generation, solve stalk coke oven, thermal transition efficiency is low, waste-gas cleaning effect is bad, smoke dust discharge can not be realized, the problems such as do not meet environment protection standard, running cost is higher, and current consumption is larger.
Unresolved above-mentioned technical problem, the technical solution adopted in the utility model is:
A kind of continous way carbonization-activation stove, comprise carbonization-activation furnace shell, bearing is provided with below carbonization-activation stove, several opening for feeds, carbonization section, activation section, cooling section and discharge bucket is disposed with from top to bottom in the inside of carbonization-activation stove, the outlet of discharge bucket is provided with spiral discharging machine, carbonization section blast pipe is provided with in the bottom of carbonization section
Described carbonization section blast pipe comprises a main blast pipe and point blast pipe, and point blast pipe one end and main blast pipe are fixed together, and the other end is closed, and point blast pipe is provided with some air outlet openings;
Described activation section comprises several activation air channels, be carbon passage between adjacent two activation air channels, activation section is provided with activation blast pipe and inlet mouth, and activation blast pipe is connected by the top of pipeline with activation air channel, and the bottom in activation air channel is provided with off-gas recovery pipe;
Be provided with some steam jets from top to bottom at the outer wall in each activation air channel, steam jet is provided with aperture.
Further, a kind of preferred version of the present utility model: described activation air channel comprises activation air channel housing, the top of activation air channel housing is provided with intake opening and inlet mouth, intake opening is connected with activation air channel, be disposed with mixed firing section, rotary type air channel and activation gas recovery zone from top to bottom in activation air channel enclosure interior, activation gas recovery zone is provided with activation gas recovery tube.
Further, a kind of preferred version of the present utility model: the entrance end of described steam jet is set to spirrillum, is arranged in carbon passage.
Further, a kind of preferred version of the present utility model: described cooling section comprises the interchanger be arranged on below each activation air channel, interchanger is cuboid, is provided with water inlet pipe and rising pipe on heat exchangers.
The beneficial effects of the utility model:
Device of the present utility model, Physical and chemical method two kinds of production technique are combined, the inflammable gas that charring furnace produces enters gas holder and stores after dedusting, cooling, purification (de-flue dust, detar, dewatered steam), can be used as boiler oil to use, produce high-temperature steam and be supplied to periphery user use, the wood tar oil produced after purification, wood vinegar carry out recycling, and charring furnace produces indefinite form gac charcoal block, can as the raw material of bio-fertilizer.
Accompanying drawing explanation
In order to be illustrated more clearly in the utility model embodiment or technical scheme of the prior art, be briefly described to the accompanying drawing used required in embodiment or description of the prior art below, apparently, accompanying drawing in the following describes is only embodiments more of the present utility model, for those of ordinary skill in the art, under the prerequisite not paying creative work, other accompanying drawing can also be obtained according to these accompanying drawings.
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of continous way carbonization-activation stove of the present utility model;
Fig. 2 is the structural representation in activation air channel of the present utility model;
In figure, 1 is carbonization-activation furnace shell, and 2 is opening for feed, and 3 is carbonization section, 4 is carbonization section blast pipe, and 5 is activation section, and 5-1 is activation blast pipe, 5-2 is inlet mouth, and 5-3 is mixed firing section, and 5-4 is rotary type air channel, 5-5 is activation air channel housing, and 5-6 is activation gas recovery zone, and 5-7 is off-gas recovery pipe, 6 is carbon passage, and 7 is steam jet, and 8 is cooling section, 9 is discharge bucket, and 10 is bearing, and 11 is spiral discharging machine.
Embodiment
Below in conjunction with the accompanying drawing in the utility model embodiment, be clearly and completely described the technical scheme in the utility model embodiment, obviously, described embodiment is only the utility model part embodiment, instead of whole embodiments.Based on the embodiment in the utility model, those of ordinary skill in the art are not making the every other embodiment obtained under creative work prerequisite, all belong to the scope of the utility model protection.
As illustrated in fig. 1 and 2, a kind of continous way carbonization-activation stove, comprise carbonization-activation furnace shell 1, bearing 10 is provided with below carbonization-activation stove, several opening for feeds 2, carbonization section 3, activation section 5, cooling section 8 and discharge bucket 9 is disposed with from top to bottom in the inside of carbonization-activation stove, the outlet of discharge bucket 9 is provided with spiral discharging machine 11, is provided with carbonization section blast pipe 4 in the bottom of carbonization section 3
Described carbonization section blast pipe 4 comprises a main blast pipe and point blast pipe, and point blast pipe one end and main blast pipe are fixed together, and the other end is closed, and point blast pipe is provided with some air outlet openings;
Described activation section 5 comprises several activation air channels, be carbon passage 6 between adjacent two activation air channels, activation section 5 is provided with activation blast pipe 5-1 and inlet mouth 5-2, activation blast pipe 5-1 is connected by the top of pipeline with activation air channel, and the bottom in activation air channel is provided with off-gas recovery pipe 5-7;
Be provided with some steam jets 7 from top to bottom at the outer wall in each activation air channel, steam jet 7 is provided with aperture.
Preferably: described activation air channel comprises activation air channel housing 5-5, on the top of activation air channel housing 5-5, activation blast pipe 5-1 and inlet mouth 5-2 is set, be disposed with mixed firing section 5-3, rotary type air channel 5-4 and activation gas recovery zone 5-6 in activation housing 5-5 inside, air channel from top to bottom, activation gas recovery zone 5-6 is provided with activation gas recovery tube.Adopt said structure, ensure that the high-temperature flue gas produced is at flue circuitous flow, extends the formation of flue gas, ensure that effective utilization of heat.
Preferably: the entrance end of described steam jet 7 is set to spirrillum, is arranged in carbon passage 6.The entrance end of steam sprinkling irrigation is set to spirrillum, is arranged in carbon passage 6, can adopt the waste heat of the gac of activation gas recovery zone 5-6, again heat, make its temperature rise to 300-400 DEG C, to improve activation temperature and effect to steam.
Preferably: cooling section 8 comprises the interchanger be arranged on below each activation air channel, interchanger is cuboid, is provided with water inlet pipe and rising pipe on heat exchangers.The refrigerating unit that cooling section 8 is arranged can select any device with cooling effect, adopts device of the present utility model to be conducive to the gac after by activation and fully cools, improve cooling performance.Water inlet pipe is connected respectively by a supervisor with rising pipe, convenient control.
Operational process of the present utility model:
One, the charing of raw material:
The stalk bits of 10 ~ 30mm that straw powder is broken into, water ratio reaches 15-20%, send in continous way carbonization-activation stove through feeder, air is passed into by carbonization section blast pipe 4, in 200 DEG C, stalk bits start pyrolysis, carbonize, when temperature reaches 400 ~ 450 DEG C time, carbonization process terminates, and produces containing H 2, CO etc. high-temperature combustible gas body, a high-temperature combustible gas body part is for keeping pyrolysis temperature, and another part is discharged by carbonization-activation stove upper outlet;
Two, the activation of carbonized material:
After carbonization, raw material enters activation section 5, after carbonization, raw material contacts with the high-temperature steam of 300 ~ 400 DEG C that outside passes in the descending process in activation air channel, life-stylize reaction is issued 800-900 DEG C of condition, in reactivation process, the hydrocarbon polymer adsorbed when burning charing, burns the hydrocarbon atom on limit, original space, play the effect of expandable pores, and burn between hole and hole, obtain gac
The water-gas produced in the secondary stage enters in activation air channel through inlet mouth 5-2, burn with the air mixed of extraneous supply, the heat produced is used for maintaining the stable of this stage activation temperature, and the waste heat wind after the 5-4 of rotary type air channel enters activation gas recovery zone 5-6;
Three, gac preparation:
Gac, after cooling section 8 cools, is discharged by spiral discharging machine 11, pulverizes, sack cleaner dedusting through pulverizer, sends into workshop and stores;
Four, the utilization of combustible gas:
The high-temperature combustible gas body that carbonization stage produces, after tornado dust collector dedusting, enter vapour generator, produce steam, for production heating, inflammable gas after cooling cools through spray column and washes, and obtains wood vinegar, and the inflammable gas after washing obtains wood tar oil through electrical tar precipitator, then under blower fan graviational interaction, be separated after moisture through air water separator, the dry inflammable gas obtained enters gas holder storage, uses as inflammable gas;
Five, the utilization of waste heat wind:
The waste heat wind that activation stage produces enters waste-heat recoverer by fan action, and produce steam, the steam of generation enters activation section 5 by steam jet 7, and temperature carries out second-heating more than the gac, obtains the high-temperature steam of 300-400 DEG C, for activation.
Adopt above-mentioned apparatus and method to carry out carbonization comprehensive treating process to stalk, pollution-free, produce wood vinegar, wood tar oil, steam and inflammable gas, comprehensive utilization, no waste produces, energy-conserving and environment-protective.
The foregoing is only preferred embodiment of the present utility model; not in order to limit the utility model; all within spirit of the present utility model and principle, any amendment done, equivalent replacement, improvement etc., all should be included within protection domain of the present utility model.

Claims (4)

1. a continous way carbonization-activation stove, comprise carbonization-activation furnace shell, bearing is provided with below carbonization-activation stove, it is characterized in that: be disposed with several opening for feeds, carbonization section, activation section, cooling section and discharge bucket from top to bottom in the inside of carbonization-activation stove, the outlet of discharge bucket is provided with spiral discharging machine, carbonization section blast pipe is provided with in the bottom of carbonization section
Described carbonization section blast pipe comprises a main blast pipe and point blast pipe, and point blast pipe one end and main blast pipe are fixed together, and the other end is closed, and point blast pipe is provided with some air outlet openings;
Described activation section comprises several activation air channels, be carbon passage between adjacent two activation air channels, activation section is provided with activation blast pipe and inlet mouth, and activation blast pipe is connected by the top of pipeline with activation air channel, and the bottom in activation air channel is provided with off-gas recovery pipe;
Be provided with some steam jets from top to bottom at the outer wall in each activation air channel, steam jet is provided with aperture.
2. a kind of continous way carbonization-activation stove according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described activation air channel comprises activation air channel housing, on the top of activation air channel housing, activation blast pipe and inlet mouth are set, be disposed with mixed firing section, rotary type air channel and activation gas recovery zone from top to bottom in activation air channel enclosure interior, activation gas recovery zone is provided with activation gas recovery tube.
3. a kind of continous way carbonization-activation stove according to claim 1 and 2, is characterized in that: the entrance end of described steam jet is set to spirrillum, is arranged in carbon passage.
4. a kind of continous way carbonization-activation stove according to claim 1 and 2, it is characterized in that: described cooling section comprises the interchanger be arranged on below each activation air channel, interchanger is cuboid, is provided with water inlet pipe and rising pipe on heat exchangers.
CN201520622274.4U 2015-08-18 2015-08-18 Continuous type carbomorphism activation furnace Expired - Fee Related CN204917985U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201520622274.4U CN204917985U (en) 2015-08-18 2015-08-18 Continuous type carbomorphism activation furnace

Publications (1)

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105905894A (en) * 2016-01-28 2016-08-31 赵英杰 Carbonization and activation device for active coke production
CN106698428A (en) * 2017-02-28 2017-05-24 福建省木源炭科技有限公司 Equipment for producing activated carbon and method for producing activated carbon by utilizing equipment

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105905894A (en) * 2016-01-28 2016-08-31 赵英杰 Carbonization and activation device for active coke production
CN106698428A (en) * 2017-02-28 2017-05-24 福建省木源炭科技有限公司 Equipment for producing activated carbon and method for producing activated carbon by utilizing equipment

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C14 Grant of patent or utility model
GR01 Patent grant
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20151230

Termination date: 20200818

CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee