CN104861998B - A kind of biomass continuous pyrolysis carbonizing treatment method and device - Google Patents

A kind of biomass continuous pyrolysis carbonizing treatment method and device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104861998B
CN104861998B CN201510312960.6A CN201510312960A CN104861998B CN 104861998 B CN104861998 B CN 104861998B CN 201510312960 A CN201510312960 A CN 201510312960A CN 104861998 B CN104861998 B CN 104861998B
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gas
charing
preposition
biomass
flue gas
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CN201510312960.6A
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CN104861998A (en
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车磊
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浙江宜可欧环保科技有限公司
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    • Y02E50/14
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02WCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO WASTEWATER TREATMENT OR WASTE MANAGEMENT
    • Y02W10/00Technologies for wastewater treatment
    • Y02W10/40Valorisation of by-products of wastewater, sewage or sludge processing

Abstract

The present invention relates to a kind of biomass continuous pyrolysis carbonizing treatment method and device, heat supply part:The bocca of burner is passed through in a combustion chamber and obtains high-temperature flue gas;Preposition process part:Biomass is inserted in preposition process chamber, the high-temperature flue gas for introducing heat supply part is heated;Charing process part:Biomass after preposition processing is sent into charing process room, the high-temperature flue gas for introducing heat supply part is heated;Air treatment section:Collect the gas-phase product produced in preposition processing and charing process to be condensed, obtain condensed fluid and on-condensible gas;Gas utilizes part:On-condensible gas is introduced in combustion chamber and is burnt;Pressure controlling section:By adjusting air-duct adjusting device, it is negative pressure to make the pressure in the outer thermal jacket of preposition process part and charing process part.Present invention also offers a kind of device for realizing this method.The present invention has the advantages that simple technique simplification, equipment, stable and reliable operation, heat utilization rate is high, production cost is low etc..

Description

A kind of biomass continuous pyrolysis carbonizing treatment method and device

Technical field:

The invention belongs to biomass carbonated and its recovery energy technical field, more particularly to a kind of biomass Continuous pyrolysis carbonizing treatment method and device.

Background technology:

In recent years, as the increasingly exhausted and whole world of oil and other fossil fuels is to weather caused by greenhouse gas emission The concern of variation issue, develops regenerative resource, improves energy utilization rate, realizes energy-saving and emission-reduction, becomes world energy sources hair The main melody of exhibition.Biomass energy accounts for the 14% of world energy sources wastage in bulk or weight at present, is only second to oil, coal and natural gas, occupies 4th, biomass energy has large storage capacity, recyclability, can store and alternative and low-sulfur, low nitrogen as a kind of new energy The characteristics of net discharge, there is unique advantage in terms of using energy source and environmental protection, wherein, crop stalk, forestry are discarded The biomass such as thing and weeds is a huge renewable resource, has better economic benefit, social benefit and ecology Benefit, becomes the rural green energy project that state key exploitation is promoted.A few days ago, biomass pyrolytic charing technology as it is a kind of compared with Used gradually by industry using technology by promising biomass energyization.

Chinese invention patent prospectus CN102226092A discloses a kind of continuous biomass low temperature pyrogenation charing Method and its retort, its retort include drying device, pyrolysis charring device, cooling device and combustion chamber, utilize horizontal spiral shell Revolve the mode of movement promoted, as requested rationally control biomass in charing residing time in furnace, wherein, not same district in retort The temperature of section is controlled according to the high-temperature flue gas flow that biomass material feeding quantity and pyrolysis gas of biomass burning produce, in reality Use during, reflect according to applicant, which can preferably complete the drying and charing of biomass material, but its There are it is certain the problem of:Although by setting labyrinth type heat exchanging device to improve heat exchange effect in the outer sleeve of the pyrolysis charring device Rate, but its equipment integrated artistic and counter structure are complicated, it is of high cost, meanwhile, the heating load of different sections is not easy root in retort It is adjusted according to the actual demand of desiccation and charing, causes heat utilization ratio low, hold facility area is big and production cost is high.

The content of the invention:

An object of the present invention is in view of the deficiencies of the prior art, there is provided at a kind of biomass continuous pyrolysis charing Reason method, this method is by adjusting the heating load of burner and by the accurate control drying machine chuck of air-duct adjusting device and charing Pressure in stove chuck, can carry out heat supply, technique and counter structure letter according to the actual needs of desiccation and charing by combustion chamber Change, facility compact occupation of land face are small, and the utilization rate of heat is high, and production cost is low.

The technology solution of the present invention is as follows:

A kind of biomass continuous pyrolysis carbonizing treatment method, including heat supply, preposition processing, charing process, gas treatment and Gas utilizes part, it is characterised in that:Further include pressure controlling section;

(a) heat supply part:One burner is set, the bocca of burner is passed through in a combustion chamber and obtains high-temperature flue gas;

(b) preposition process part:Biomass is inserted in preposition process chamber, introduces the high-temperature flue gas of heat supply part using outer The mode of thermal jacket heating heats the indoor biomass of preposition processing, and temperature during work in chuck is 500-700 DEG C, 100-250 DEG C is heated in preposition process chamber;

(c) charing process part:Biomass after preposition processing is sent into charing process room, introduces the high temperature of heat supply part Flue gas, heats the indoor biomass of charing process by the way of the heating of outer thermal jacket, temperature during work in chuck For 700-900 DEG C, charing process heating indoor is to 450-650 DEG C;Charing process room is oxygen debt or anaerobic state;

(d) air treatment section:The gas-phase product produced in preposition process part and charing process partial routine is collected, is adopted Condensed with the mode of water-cooled heat exchange, obtain condensed fluid and on-condensible gas;

(e) gas utilizes part:On-condensible gas is introduced in the combustion chamber of heat supply part and is burnt as fuel of heat supply, The on-condensible gas occurs oxidation reaction and obtains high-temperature flue gas in the combustion chamber, and the temperature of high-temperature flue gas is 700-900 DEG C;

(f) pressure controlling section:Individually adjust and pressed from both sides with the outer heat of the preposition process part and charing process part The air-duct adjusting device that set outlet is connected, it is negative to make the pressure in the outer thermal jacket of preposition process part and charing process part Pressure;

(g) it will discharge, and recycled after the indoor solid residue cooling of charing process.

The pipe is controlled by varying the pipeline flow diameter for the exhaust duct being connected with the air-duct adjusting device The sectional area in road, i.e., when the circulation diameter of pipeline is become small, the gas flow passed through in its unit interval can reduce;It is on the contrary then On the contrary, flowing into the flow velocity and flow of gas so as to adjust in the outer thermal jacket of preposition process part and charing process part, and tie The heating load of combined burner and then the normal working temperature for ensureing preposition process chamber and charing process room.

In the present invention on-condensible gas occur in the combustion chamber oxidation reaction acquisition high-temperature flue gas, be preposition process part and Charing process part provides thermal energy, realizes energy recycling.

As an improvement, the flue gas of thermal jacket outlet discharge passes through activity outside the preposition process part and charing process part Charcoal is adsorbed to be discharged with after bag-type dust processing.Particularly, for the nitrogen oxides that contains in flue gas, (NOx), bioxin etc. is poisonous Qualified discharge after gas is purified by activated carbon adsorption and bag-type dust.

As an improvement, the burner is neat gas burner, the combustion of biomass particle burner, oil burner, coal dust Burner.

As an improvement, the ignition temperature of the on-condensible gas is 1000~1100 DEG C.

Gas is utilized in part, and some components of on-condensible gas may not burn fully, using indoor combustion of burning Burner provides auxiliary thermal source, promotes on-condensible gas fully to burn, while ensure the normal working temperature of combustion chamber.

It is another object of the present invention in view of the deficiencies of the prior art, put forward a kind of biomass continuous pyrolysis charing process Device, the device, can be according to drying machines and rotation by adjusting under burner and air passage regulating valve and the collective effect of air-introduced machine The actual needs of retort carries out heat supply respectively, and equipment and counter structure simplify, and capacity usage ratio is high, and operation cost is low, can be real Now extensive consecutive production.

The present invention solve the technical problem scheme be:

A kind of biomass continuous pyrolysis carbonization processing device, including combustion chamber, preprocessing unit, charing process unit, Air processing unit and gas range site, it is characterised in that:Further include pressure control unit;

The combustion chamber sets a burner;

The preprocessing unit is external-heat drier, which is provided with drying machine chuck, and drying machine chuck leads to Flue gas delivery pipe road is crossed to communicate with the high-temperature flue gas outlet of combustion chamber;

The charing process unit is external-heat retort, which is provided with retort chuck, and retort chuck leads to Flue gas delivery pipe road is crossed with the high-temperature flue gas outlet of combustion chamber to be connected;

The air processing unit includes the gas of fume collection pipeline, water-cooled heat exchanger, drying machine and retort Outlet is connected by fume collection pipeline with water-cooled heat exchanger, and the gas-phase product produced in drying machine and retort introduces Water-cooled heat exchanger, obtains condensed fluid after heat exchange;

The gas range site includes fixed gas conduit, the gas outlet of water-cooled heat exchanger by fixed gas conduit with Combustion chamber, combustion chamber, the high-temperature flue gas that combustion chamber produces are introduced by the on-condensible gas obtained in water-cooled heat exchanger It is transmitted to by flue gas delivery pipe road in drying machine chuck and retort chuck;

The pressure control unit includes the wind being separately positioned on the export pipeline of drying machine chuck and retort chuck Road regulating valve, drying machine chuck and charing are controlled by air passage regulating valve and the first air-introduced machine being connected with the air passage regulating valve Pressure in stove chuck.

The present invention carries out heat supply respectively using only a combustion chamber to drying machine chuck and rotary carbide furnace chuck, passes through tune Save the heating load of the burner and then adjusting, control and keep entering the high temperature cigarette in drying machine chuck and rotary carbide furnace chuck The temperature of gas, and the actual demand in technical process, are drawn by the air passage openings of sizes and first that adjust air passage regulating valve The absorbing quantity of wind turbine realizes flow velocity of the high-temperature flue gas in drying machine chuck and rotary carbide furnace chuck, so adjust, control and Drying machine and rotary carbide furnace is kept to remain at suitable operating temperature, it is simple in structure, easily controllable.

As an improvement, being additionally provided with coupled the second logical air-introduced machine on the fixed gas conduit, on-condensible gas is introduced Burn in combustion chamber as fuel of heat supply, and to the pressure in drying machine chuck and retort chuck individually, accurately Control.

As an improvement, further include the work for being purified to the flue gas of drying machine chuck and the discharge of retort jacket outlet Property charcoal adsorption tower and bag filter.

As an improvement, being respectively provided with a chilling tower on the drying machine chuck and retort jacket outlet pipeline, activated carbon is inhaled Attached tower is located between the chilling tower and the air passage regulating valve, and bag filter outlet is equipped with coupled logical air-introduced machine, does Dry machine chuck and the flue gas of retort jacket outlet discharge are first inhaled through chilling tower cooler to less than 200 DEG C, then through activated carbon respectively Discharged after entering bag filter purification after attached tower and air passage regulating valve.

Compared with prior art, the beneficial effects of the present invention are:

(1) normal mode for setting hot-blast stove is respectively adopted in drying machine and rotary carbide furnace of the present invention, by combustion chamber and heat Wind furnace is classified as one, using only burner, realizes mode of the combustion chamber to drying machine and rotary carbide furnace difference heat supply;And only By adjusting the heating load of the burner and then adjusting, control and keeping entering in drying machine chuck and rotary carbide furnace chuck The temperature of high-temperature flue gas.

(2) by configuring the structure and form of water-cooled heat exchanger, to biomass in drying machine and rotary carbide furnace The gas-phase product cleaning type recycling of generation to the pyrolysis gas of a variety of debirs, it can be achieved that carry out recycling recycling.

(3) by air passage regulating valve and the collective effect of air-introduced machine, the pressure in drying machine and rotary carbide furnace chuck is realized The accurate control of power, can be according to the actual demand in technical process, by adjusting the air passage openings of sizes of air passage regulating valve and drawing The absorbing quantity of wind turbine realizes flow velocity of the high-temperature flue gas in drying machine chuck and rotary carbide furnace chuck, so adjust, control and Drying machine and rotary carbide furnace is kept to remain negative pressure state and maintain suitable operating temperature, its simple in structure, adjusting Convenient and cost is low.

(4) pyrolysis gas purification and bag filter are added, is applicable at the pyrolysis charring of wider debirs Reason, including common wooden, campanulaceae class biomass, can particularly be directed to processed material can produce polluted gas in processing procedure The waste of (e.g., Nox , bioxin etc.), such as house refuse, sewage plant sludge, hazardous waste, agricultural and straw waste, animal dung Just, house refuse, food debris, medical waste and the harmful spoil etc. that dies of illness.

In conclusion the present invention has simple technique simplification, device structure, stable and reliable operation, heat utilization ratio height etc. Advantage.

Brief description of the drawings:

The present invention is described further below in conjunction with the accompanying drawings:

Fig. 1 is the process flow chart of the biomass continuous pyrolysis carbonizing treatment method of the embodiment of the present invention one;

Fig. 2 is the overall structure diagram of the biomass continuous pyrolysis carbonization processing device of the embodiment of the present invention two;

Fig. 3 is the overall structure diagram of drying machine in the present invention;

Fig. 4 is the overall structure diagram of retort in the present invention;

Fig. 5 is the overall structure diagram of air-duct adjusting device in the present invention.

In figure:1st, combustion chamber;1a, burner;2nd, drying machine;21st, drying machine chuck;The gas vent of 2a, drying machine; The solids inlet of 2b, drying machine;The solid outlet of 2c, drying machine;3rd, rotary carbide furnace;31st, rotary carbide furnace chuck;3a, rotation Turn the gas vent of retort;The solids inlet of 3b, rotary carbide furnace;1a, high-temperature flue gas outlet;4th, flue gas delivery pipe road;4a、 Dilute mouth;5th, fume collection pipeline;6th, water-cooled heat exchanger;7th, the first air-introduced machine;8th, helical feed pipeline;9th, carbonization residue Container;10th, fixed gas conduit;11st, export pipeline;12nd, air passage regulating valve;13rd, activated carbon adsorber;14th, bag filter; 15th, the second air-introduced machine;16th, chilling tower.

Embodiment:

As described below is only presently preferred embodiments of the present invention, and not the scope of the present invention is defined.

Embodiment one

Fig. 1 is the process flow chart of one biomass continuous pyrolysis carbonizing treatment method of embodiment.It is as shown in Figure 1, a kind of raw Material continuous pyrolysis carbonizing treatment method, including heat supply, preposition processing, charing process, gas treatment, gas utilization part and pressure Power control section;

(a) heat supply part:One burner is set, the bocca of burner is passed through in a combustion chamber and obtains high-temperature flue gas;

(b) preposition process part:Biomass is inserted in preposition process chamber, introduces the high-temperature flue gas of heat supply part using outer The mode of thermal jacket heating heats the indoor biomass of preposition processing, temperature during work in chuck is 500-700 DEG C, it is heated to 100-250 DEG C in preposition process chamber;

(c) charing process part:Biomass after preposition processing is sent into charing process room, introduces the high temperature of heat supply part Flue gas, heats the indoor biomass of charing process by the way of the heating of outer thermal jacket, temperature during work in chuck For 700-900 DEG C, charing process heating indoor is to 450-650 DEG C;Charing process room is oxygen debt or anaerobic state;

(d) air treatment section:The gas-phase product produced in preposition process part and charing process partial routine is collected, is adopted Condensed with the mode of water-cooled heat exchange, obtain condensed fluid and on-condensible gas respectively;

(e) gas utilizes part:On-condensible gas is introduced in the combustion chamber of heat supply part and is burnt as fuel of heat supply, The on-condensible gas occurs oxidation reaction and obtains high-temperature flue gas in the combustion chamber, and the temperature of high-temperature flue gas is 700-900 DEG C;

(f) pressure controlling section:Individually adjust and pressed from both sides with the outer heat of the preposition process part and charing process part The air-duct adjusting device that set outlet is connected, it is negative to make the pressure in the outer thermal jacket of preposition process part and charing process part Pressure, ensures the normal working temperature of preposition process chamber and charing process room;

(g) it will discharge, and recycled after the indoor solid residue cooling of charing process.

The pipe is controlled by varying the pipeline flow diameter for the exhaust duct being connected with the air-duct adjusting device The sectional area in road, i.e., when the circulation diameter of pipeline is become small, the gas flow passed through in its unit interval can reduce;It is on the contrary then On the contrary, flowing into the flow velocity and flow of gas so as to adjust in the outer thermal jacket of preposition process part and charing process part, and tie The heating load of combined burner and then the normal working temperature for ensureing preposition process chamber and charing process room.

The on-condensible gas occurs oxidation reaction and obtains high-temperature flue gas in the combustion chamber, is at preposition process part and charing Reason part provides thermal energy.The ignition temperature of the on-condensible gas is 1000~1100 DEG C, realizes energy recycling.It is described preposition The flue gas of thermal jacket outlet discharge outside process part and charing process part, particularly, for the nitrogen oxides contained in flue gas (after NOx the toxic gas such as), bioxin is cooled to less than 200 DEG C, add Powdered Activated Carbon and deacidification agent, then through air passage adjust by Qualified discharge after bag-type dust is purified, the deacidification agent is quick lime etc., to remove the sour gas in flue gas.It is described Burner is neat gas burner, biomass particle burner, oil burner, coal burner, and gas is utilized in part, no Some components of solidifying gas may not burn fully, and using burning, indoor burner provides auxiliary thermal source, promotes not coagulate Full combustion of gas, while ensure the normal working temperature of combustion chamber.

Embodiment two

Fig. 2 is the overall structure diagram of two pyrolyzing sludge carbonization processing device of embodiment.A kind of as shown in Fig. 2, biology Matter continuous pyrolysis carbonization processing device, including combustion chamber 1, preprocessing unit, charing process unit, air processing unit, gas Body range site and pressure control unit, the combustion chamber 1 set a burner 1a;As shown in figure 3, the preprocessing unit For external-heat drier 2, which is provided with drying machine chuck 21, and drying machine chuck 21 passes through flue gas delivery pipe road 4 and combustion The high-temperature flue gas outlet 1a for burning room 1 is communicated;As shown in figure 4, the charing process unit is external-heat retort 3, the retort 3 Retort chuck 31 is provided with, retort chuck 31 is connected by flue gas delivery pipe road 4 with the high-temperature flue gas outlet 1a of combustion chamber 1 It is logical;

The air processing unit includes fume collection pipeline 5, water-cooled heat exchanger 6, the gas vent 2a of drying machine 2 It is connected respectively by fume collection pipeline 5 with water-cooled heat exchanger 6 with the gas vent 3a of retort 3, is produced in drying machine 2 Raw gas-phase product introduces water cooling through fume collection pipeline 5 by its gas vent 2a by the air inlet of water-cooled heat exchanger 6 In formula heat exchanger 6, the gas-phase product produced in retort 3 introduces water cooling by its gas vent 3a through fume collection pipeline 5 In formula heat exchanger 6, condensed fluid is obtained after heat exchange condenses, realizes that oil, water separation obtain respectively after oil water separator Wood vinegar and tar;

Biomass is sent into drying machine 2 by helical feed pipeline 8 by the solids inlet 2b of drying machine 2 in the present invention, Discharge through its solid outlet 2c after desiccation in drying machine 2, and be sent into by helical feed pipeline 8 by 3 solids inlet 3b of retort In retort 3, the solid residue obtained after pyrolysis charring is residual by sealing charing up for safekeeping after the solid outlet 3c discharge coolings of retort 3 In slag container 9.

The gas range site includes fixed gas conduit 10, and fixed gas conduit 10 is equipped with coupled logical second and draws Wind turbine 15, the gas outlet of water-cooled heat exchanger 6 are connected by fixed gas conduit 10 with combustion chamber 1 respectively, and water-cooled heat is handed over The on-condensible gas obtained in parallel operation 6 introduces combustion chamber 1 through fixed gas conduit 10 by its gas outlet by the second air-introduced machine 15 and carries out The high-temperature flue gas that oxidation reaction obtains occurs in combustion chamber 1 and is pressed from both sides by flue gas delivery pipe road 4 through drying machine for burning, on-condensible gas Set 21 and 31 import of retort chuck are transmitted in drying machine chuck 21 and retort chuck 31, realize combustion chamber 1 to drying machine 2 Distinguish heat supply with retort 3.

The export pipeline 11 of the drying machine chuck 21 and retort chuck 31 is respectively provided with a chilling tower 16 and for adjusting The air passage regulating valve 12 of corresponding outlet pressure, is respectively provided with activated carbon suction between the chilling tower 16 and air passage regulating valve 12 Attached tower 13, can also be equipped with for removing the de- of the sour gas in flue gas between activated carbon adsorber 13 and air passage regulating valve 12 Sour device, meanwhile, the outlet of the bag filter 14 is provided with coupled the first logical air-introduced machine 7,21 He of drying machine chuck The flue gas of the outlet of retort chuck 31 discharge is respectively first through chilling tower cold 16 but to after less than 200 DEG C, then through activated carbon adsorber 13 and deacidifying device cross air passage regulating valve 12 enter bag filter 14 carry out purified treatment after qualified discharge.It is as shown in figure 5, logical The air passage openings of sizes and the absorbing quantity for the air-introduced machine 15 being connected with the air passage regulating valve 12 for overregulating air passage regulating valve 12 are big It is small, realize flow velocity of the high-temperature flue gas in drying machine chuck and retort chuck, control drying machine chuck 21 and retort chuck Pressure in 31 is negative pressure, and then adjusts, controls and keep drying machine and retort to remain at suitable operating temperature.Its In, air passage regulating valve 12 can be replaced by low pressure blower, by adjusting the absorbing quantity size of the first air-introduced machine 7 and low pressure blower, It is negative pressure to control the pressure in drying machine chuck 21 and retort chuck 31.

It is additionally provided with the flue gas delivery pipe road 4 that the import with drying machine chuck 21 is connected for controlling drying machine to press from both sides The dilution mouth 4a of 21 intakes is covered, dilution mouth 4a is used to adjust the temperature for entering high-temperature flue gas in drying machine chuck 21;With this Meanwhile drying machine 2 and retort 3 are both provided with temperature and pressure transmitter so that in drying machine chuck 21 and retort chuck 31 Pressure and temperature can individually, accurate control.

Claims (6)

1. a kind of biomass continuous pyrolysis carbonizing treatment method, including heat supply, preposition processing, charing process, gas treatment are gentle Body utilizes part, it is characterised in that:Further include pressure controlling section;
(a) heat supply part:One burner is set, the bocca of burner is passed through in a combustion chamber and obtains high-temperature flue gas;
(b) preposition process part:Biomass is inserted in preposition process chamber, the high-temperature flue gas for introducing heat supply part is pressed from both sides using outer heat The mode for covering heating heats the preposition indoor biomass of processing, is heated to 100-200 DEG C;
(c) charing process part:Biomass after preposition processing is sent into charing process room, introduces the high temperature cigarette of heat supply part Gas, heats the indoor biomass of charing process by the way of the heating of outer thermal jacket, is heated to 450-550 DEG C;Charing Process chamber is oxygen debt or anaerobic state;
(d) air treatment section:The gas-phase product produced in preposition process part and charing process partial routine is collected, using water The mode of cold type heat exchange is condensed, and obtains condensed fluid and on-condensible gas;
(e) gas utilizes part:On-condensible gas is introduced in the combustion chamber of heat supply part and is burnt as fuel of heat supply, this is not Solidifying gas occurs oxidation reaction and obtains high-temperature flue gas in the combustion chamber;
(f) pressure controlling section:Individually adjust to go out with the outer thermal jacket of the preposition process part and charing process part The air-duct adjusting device that mouth is connected, it is negative pressure to make the pressure in the outer thermal jacket of preposition process part and charing process part;
(g) by carbonization chamber handle in solid residue cooling after discharge, and recycled;
The intake of the outer thermal jacket of preposition process part passes through the dilution that is set on the flue gas delivery pipe road that is connected with its import Mouth control.
A kind of 2. biomass continuous pyrolysis carbonizing treatment method as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that:The preposition processing The flue gas of thermal jacket outlet discharge after activated carbon adsorption and bag-type dust processing by discharging outside part and charing process part.
A kind of 3. biomass continuous pyrolysis carbonizing treatment method as claimed in claim 1 or 2, it is characterised in that:The burning Device is neat gas burner, biomass particle burner, oil burner, coal burner.
4. a kind of biomass continuous pyrolysis carbonization processing device, including combustion chamber, preprocessing unit, charing process unit, gas Body processing unit and gas range site, it is characterised in that:A kind of biomass of claim 1-2 any one of them is further included to connect Continuous pyrolysis charring processing method, and pressure control unit;
The combustion chamber sets a burner;
The preprocessing unit is external-heat drier, which is provided with drying machine chuck, and drying machine chuck passes through cigarette Letter shoot road is communicated with the high-temperature flue gas outlet of combustion chamber;
The charing process unit is external-heat retort, which is provided with retort chuck, and retort chuck passes through cigarette Letter shoot road is connected with the high-temperature flue gas outlet of combustion chamber;
The air processing unit includes the gas vent of fume collection pipeline, water-cooled heat exchanger, drying machine and retort It is connected by fume collection pipeline with water-cooled heat exchanger, the gas-phase product produced in drying machine and retort introduces water cooling Formula heat exchanger, obtains condensed fluid after heat exchange;
The gas range site includes fixed gas conduit, and the gas outlet of water-cooled heat exchanger passes through fixed gas conduit and burning Room is connected, and the on-condensible gas obtained in water-cooled heat exchanger is introduced combustion chamber, the high-temperature flue gas that combustion chamber produces passes through Flue gas delivery pipe road is transmitted in drying machine chuck and retort chuck;
The pressure control unit includes the air passage tune being separately positioned on the export pipeline of drying machine chuck and retort chuck Valve is saved, controls drying machine chuck and retort to press from both sides by air passage regulating valve and the first air-introduced machine being connected with the air passage regulating valve Pressure in set;
It is additionally provided with the flue gas delivery pipe road that import with drying machine chuck is connected for controlling drying machine chuck intake Dilute mouth.
A kind of 5. biomass continuous pyrolysis carbonization processing device as claimed in claim 4, it is characterised in that:The fixed gas is led Coupled the second logical air-introduced machine is additionally provided with pipe, on-condensible gas is introduced in combustion chamber and is burnt as fuel of heat supply.
A kind of 6. biomass continuous pyrolysis carbonization processing device as described in claim 4 or 5, it is characterised in that:Further include use In activated carbon adsorber and bag filter that the flue gas to drying machine chuck and the discharge of retort jacket outlet is purified.
CN201510312960.6A 2015-06-09 2015-06-09 A kind of biomass continuous pyrolysis carbonizing treatment method and device CN104861998B (en)

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CN107033935A (en) * 2017-05-11 2017-08-11 张家港市昇泰能源有限公司 One kind gasification equipment for preparing charcoal and gasification charcoal processing technique
CN108300499B (en) * 2018-03-26 2020-09-04 北京三聚绿能科技有限公司 Biomass charcoal co-production process

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