CN204915697U - Rail vehicle and side wall subassembly thereof - Google Patents

Rail vehicle and side wall subassembly thereof Download PDF

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Publication number
CN204915697U
CN204915697U CN201520643566.6U CN201520643566U CN204915697U CN 204915697 U CN204915697 U CN 204915697U CN 201520643566 U CN201520643566 U CN 201520643566U CN 204915697 U CN204915697 U CN 204915697U
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China
Prior art keywords
side wall
aluminum alloy
alloy extrusion
wall assembly
seam
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CN201520643566.6U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
高玉龙
赵士忠
马乐坤
李伟
陈文宾
聂双双
喻海洋
户迎灿
鄢桂珍
陶桂东
田爱琴
王军
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CRRC Qingdao Sifang Co Ltd
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CSR Qingdao Sifang Locomotive and Rolling Stock Co Ltd
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Abstract

The utility model discloses a side wall subassembly is pegged graft, is welded by many aluminum alloy extrusion type materials (1) and constitutes, has seted up automobile body accessory installation opening on it, adjacent two the seam inboard of aluminum alloy extrusion type material (1) is equipped with formed at one of them backing plate (3) on the aluminum alloy extrusion type material (1), backing plate (3) are hook -likely on the cross -section, and another is hugged closely to its head hook flute profile between the inner wall at aluminum alloy extrusion type material (1) seam position, its root and head become corresponding to cavity (4) of seam. This side wall subassembly has carried out the optimal design to grafting structure, welded structure, installation open -ended local structure and the cross sectional shape etc. Of aluminum alloy extrusion type material, can show the structural strength and the gas tightness that improve the side wall, can be applied to the body construction that the roof was placed in to equipment such as being fit for installation stopper sliding door and air conditioner.

Description

A kind of guideway vehicle and side wall assembly thereof
Technical field
The utility model relates to the side wall assembly of guideway vehicle technical field, particularly guideway vehicle.The utility model also relates to the guideway vehicle being provided with described side wall assembly.
Background technology
Car body is as the component part of train, be passenger take carrier, be again the basis installing and link other several component parts (as: EEF bogie, brake equipment, coupling device at car end, vehicle interior decorating apparatus etc.), weathering steel car body, stainless steel car body and aluminum alloy bodywork three kinds can be divided into by material difference.
Car body is generally made up of the thin-wall tube-shaped monocoque structure of a band door and window otch driver's cab (head car, trailer), underframe, roof, side wall, headwall and each annex of car body etc.
For realizing car body lightweight further, the high speed train in modern age, railcar and light rail vehicle adopt aluminum alloy bodywork, in the design of aluminum body construction, the main load-carrying element of car body generally adopts the extruded aluminium section of large-scale hollow section, and generally adopt muscle truss structure in hollow and thin-walled, to improve the rigidity of component, give full play to the load-carrying capacity of material, reach and alleviate car body deadweight to greatest extent.The underframe of full car, side wall, roof all adopt the extruded aluminium section welding of large-scale hollow section to form.Compared with steel car body, welding job amount reduces about 40%, and manufacturing process greatly simplifies, and quality section alleviates 3 ~ 5t, can ensure that car body carrying structure (25 ~ 30 years) in used life does not keep in repair or few maintenance.
The extruded aluminium section of existing car body is when combining, and adjacent extruded aluminium section is plugged in together mutually by slot and plug tenon, then welds from outside butt seam, because connected structure design is unreasonable, cause grafting aligning and adjustment to be wasted time and energy, connect reliable not, and, when welding, the easy temperature distortion of plugging position, causes welding precision poor, and, because inner side does not have the position that can hold solder, the reliability be welded to connect is also lower.
In addition, the side wall assembly of existing car body also has the following disadvantages:
First, the upper edge of side window construction opening and the lower alien invasion along position and interior facade only rely on the oblique interior muscle of section bar inside to support, and cannot form smooth installation position, and structural strength are more weak, side window install after stability await further raising.
Secondly, as shown in Figure 1, along almost in the same plane with the position of weld and floor of side bar 2 ' under side wall 1 ', seaming position is lower, just the rectangular area that side wall 1 ' and side bar 2 ' crosses is positioned at, when train is run at high speed, under larger inside and outside differential pressure effect, outside air easily penetrates into vehicle body along floor, and airtight loadintensity is more weak.
Moreover, in order to be connected with side bar, it is wider that the lower edge of side wall is generally designed, and more than lower edge partial design is narrower, side wall is widened suddenly at Xia Yanchu, and on formation inclined-plane, inner side, the side wall of this abrupt-change cross section exists the concentrated phenomenon of stress at the position broadened, and more than lower edge part due to width narrower, structural strength is more weak.
Therefore, how being optimized design to vehicle body side wall assembly, is those skilled in the art's technical issues that need to address.
Utility model content
First object of the present utility model is to provide a kind of side wall assembly.The local structure and cross sectional shape etc. of this side wall assembly to the connected structure of aluminum alloy extrusion section bar, welded structure, construction opening are optimized design, structural strength and the air-tightness of side wall can be significantly improved, can be applicable to the body construction that the equipment such as applicable installing stopper sliding door and air-conditioning are placed in roof.
Second object of the present utility model is to provide a kind of guideway vehicle being provided with described side wall assembly.
For achieving the above object, the utility model provides a kind of side wall assembly, be made up of branched aluminum alloy extrusion section bar grafting, welding, it offers vehicle body attachment construction opening, the backing plate be formed on a wherein described aluminum alloy extrusion section bar is provided with inside the seam of adjacent two described aluminum alloy extrusion section bars, described backing plate is hook-shaped on cross section, its head is close to the inwall of another described aluminum alloy extrusion section bar seam areas, and the hook groove between its root and head forms the cavity corresponding to described seam.
Preferably, the side window opening in described construction opening is on upper edge and be respectively equipped with reinforcement horizontal bar along place down.
Preferably, the side door openings disposable integral in described construction opening shapes.
Preferably, described construction opening comprises emergency unlocking device installing port.
Preferably, on cross section, its width is widened in inner side gradually from middle part to lower edge.
Preferably, its side door column directly offers a mechanism and built-in fitting mounting hole.
Preferably, adjacent two described aluminum alloy extrusion section bars are respectively equipped with groove at seam, form " V " shape welding groove.
For realizing above-mentioned second object, the utility model also provides a kind of guideway vehicle, and comprise car body and in-built equipment, described car body comprises underframe, side wall, roof, front end wall, back-end wall and floor, and described side wall is the side wall assembly described in above-mentioned any one.
Preferably, the side door column of described side wall assembly is directly connected with described front end wall and back-end wall, and the side bar directly inserting described underframe is inner.
Preferably, described side bar is provided with the interior muscle truss-like side wall connecting portion of the board plane above Ground of raising up, and the lower edge of itself and described side wall assembly plugs, is welded to connect.
The utility model is provided with backing plate inside the seam of adjacent two aluminum alloy extrusion section bars, this backing plate can be formed at wherein on any described aluminum alloy extrusion section bar, it is parallel to the plate face of aluminum alloy extrusion section bar, in hook-shaped on cross section, insert during assembling in the slot of another aluminum alloy extrusion section bar, be close to the inwall of another aluminum alloy extrusion section bar seam areas after grafting outside its head, the hook groove between root and head forms the cavity corresponding to seam.This backing plate defines the tenon portion of the mutual grafting of aluminum alloy extrusion section bar, its hook-shaped moulding is not only easy to insert in slot, and there is larger elastic allowance in the direction of the width, there is after grafting higher Joint strenght and stability, on the other hand, the cavity that hook groove between backing plate head and root is formed can rise separate used, backing plate is not directly contacted with weld, actv. has intercepted localized heat conduction, when welding, plugging position is temperature distortion not easily, and, this cavity allows weld inwardly protruding, also can holding portion solder, thus ensure that welding precision and intensity.
In a kind of preferred version, side-wall doorway region, by the one-shot forming of numer centre overall processing, ensure that the accuracy of structure, meanwhile, optimizes side wall cross sectional shape, changes it into slow variable area, improve side wall intensity, rigidity from abrupt-change cross section.
In another kind of preferred version, for meeting the installation of plug-in stopping sliding door and in-built cover plate, on side door column, directly offering the position, hole of installing and needing, reducing welding; Establish emergency unlocking device installation opening simultaneously newly, meet the installation requirement of emergency unlocking device.
Guideway vehicle provided by the utility model is provided with above-mentioned side wall assembly, and because described side wall assembly has above-mentioned technique effect, the guideway vehicle being provided with this side wall assembly also should have corresponding technique effect.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the partial schematic diagram that in prior art, side wall is connected with side bar;
Fig. 2 provides by the utility model side wall assembly at the schematic cross-section of side window aperture position;
Fig. 3 is the partial enlarged drawing at A position in Fig. 2;
Fig. 4 is the partial enlarged drawing at B position in Fig. 2;
Fig. 5 is the partial enlarged drawing at C position in Fig. 2;
Fig. 6 provides by the utility model the schematic partial cross-sectional view of side wall member displays opening part;
Fig. 7 provides by the utility model the schematic cross-section of side wall components side door opening position;
Fig. 8 provides by the utility model the front schematic view at side wall components side door opening place.
The schematic diagram that Fig. 9 provides by the utility model the side door column of side wall assembly to be connected with headwall;
In Fig. 1:
Side wall 1 ' side bar 2 '
In Fig. 2 to Fig. 9:
1. aluminum alloy extrusion section bar 2. groove 3. backing plate 4. cavity 5. side window opening 6. horizontal bar 7. destination telltale 8. display aperture 9. chute 10. bracket 11. bolt 12. side door doorway 13. column 14. stress concentrates dispersion block 15. rectangular aperture 16. mounting hole 17. headwall 18. side bar 19. side wall connecting portion
Detailed description of the invention
In order to make those skilled in the art person understand the utility model scheme better, below in conjunction with the drawings and specific embodiments, the utility model is described in further detail.
The term such as upper and lower, inside and outside is herein established, difference with reference to the accompanying drawings based on position relationship shown in the drawings, and corresponding position relationship also likely changes thereupon, therefore, can not be understood as the absolute limit to protection domain.
Please refer to Fig. 2, Fig. 3, Fig. 2 provides by the utility model side wall assembly at the schematic cross-section of side window aperture position; Fig. 3 is the partial enlarged drawing at A position in Fig. 2.
In a kind of specific embodiment, the utility model provides a kind of intensity to meet and the equipment such as air-conditioning is placed in roof, is applicable to the side wall assembly installing plug-in stopping sliding door.
As shown in the figure, the complete structure that this side wall assembly consists of welding manner five aluminum alloy extrusion section bars 1, and offer the vehicle body attachment installation openings such as side window, destination telltale, new wind air port, aluminum alloy extrusion section bar 1 is the hollow material of growing up by extrusion forming, in muscle truss structure in hollow and thin-walled, connected by the mode of grafting, welding between adjacent section bar.
Adjacent two aluminum alloy extrusion section bars 1 are respectively equipped with groove 2 at seam, and two grooves form " V " shape welding grooves, are provided with the backing plate 3 be formed on wherein any aluminum alloy extrusion section bar 1 inside seam.This backing plate 2 is parallel to the plate face of aluminum alloy extrusion section bar 1, in hook-shaped on cross section, its head " V " font substantially in drift angle rounding off, insert during assembling in the slot of another aluminum alloy extrusion section bar, it is a short plane outside hook portion, after grafting, short plane is close to the inwall of another aluminum alloy extrusion section bar 1 seam areas, and the hook groove between its root and head forms the cavity 4 corresponding to seam.
Backing plate 2 defines the tenon portion of the mutual grafting of aluminum alloy extrusion section bar 1, and its hook-shaped moulding is not only easy to insert in slot, and has larger elastic allowance in the direction of the width, has higher Joint strenght and stability after grafting.
On the other hand, the cavity 4 that hook groove between backing plate 2 head and root is formed can rise separate used, backing plate 2 is not directly contacted with weld, actv. has intercepted localized heat conduction, and when welding, plugging position is temperature distortion not easily, and, this cavity allows weld inwardly protruding, also can holding portion solder, thus ensure that welding precision and intensity.
The backing plate 2 of inside and outside seam both can be positioned on same aluminum alloy extrusion section bar 1 (as shown in Figure 3), also can lay respectively on two aluminum alloy extrusion section bars 1 (as shown in Figure 5), all can realize the utility model object.
Please also refer to the partial enlarged drawing that Fig. 4, Fig. 4 are B position in Fig. 2.
In annex installation opening, upper edge and lower the increasing respectively along place of side window opening 5 have horizontal bar 6 to carry out reinforcement.This horizontal bar 6 and aluminium section bar one extrusion forming, perpendicular to alien invasion and the interior facade of aluminium section bar, wherein, the open circumferential of alien invasion exceeds horizontal bar 6 certain distance, and the opening size of formation is less than the opening on interior facade.
Like this, the upper edge of side window opening 5 and the lower alien invasion along position and interior facade no longer only rely on the oblique interior muscle of section bar inside to support, also supported by horizontal bar 6 simultaneously, thus improve structural strength, and horizontal bar 6 can form smooth installation position, the stability after side window installation can be improved.
Please refer to Fig. 6, Fig. 6 provides by the utility model the schematic partial cross-sectional view of side wall member displays opening part.
Destination telltale 7 is arranged in the display aperture 8 on side wall assembly, the chute 9 extended along length over ends of body direction together with the upper edge of opening inner side is respectively equipped with lower edge.This chute 9 and aluminium section bar one extrusion forming, display unit main body is partially submerged in display aperture 8, the upper edge at back and lower edge are fixed on chute 9 respectively by " Z " shape bracket 10 and bolt assembly, concrete fixed form is, the head of bolt 11 snaps in chute 9 inside, uses nut locking after thread rod stretches out from chute opening through " Z " shape bracket 10.
Except the chute for installing destination telltale 7, the inwall of side wall is also provided with multiple chute for installing other vehicle body attachment at differing heights.This side wall carries the version of chute, can be good at meeting built-in fitting installation requirements, improves integral module degree.
Please refer to Fig. 7, Fig. 8, Fig. 7 provides by the utility model the schematic cross-section of side wall components side door opening position; Fig. 8 provides by the utility model the front schematic view at side wall components side door opening place.
Side door doorway 12 becomes overall by welding column 13 after numerical control machining center overall processing, owing to being that disposable integral shapes, therefore can ensure the accuracy of structure; Follow-up side door corner increases stress and concentrates dispersion block 14, to optimize structure, avoids stress to concentrate; The rectangular aperture 15 of another longitudinal direction is set up in the lower right in region, doorway, for installing emergency unlocking device, meeting emergency unlocking device and installing and using requirement.
Side door column 13 is directly offered the mounting hole 16 of a mechanism and built-in fitting, be specially horizontal and vertical slotted hole, meet the installation requirement of plug-in stopping sliding door and in-built cover plate.This pre-drilled cavity mode can reduce welding job amount in a large number, has good manufacturability.
In addition, side wall cross sectional shape can also be optimized further, to improve intensity, rigidity, meet side window, destination telltale construction opening demand.
Particularly, on cross section, lateral wall width is widened in inner side gradually from middle part to lower edge, compared with the cross-sectional plane widened with sudden change, there is not stress concentration phenomenon, after simulation calculation, variable section design is carried out to weak part, optimize section bar wall thickness, what the part on more than lower edge was also designed is wider, has higher structural strength.
The utility model can realize the coupled running of different manufacturers motor train unit, unified passenger interface, facilitates passenger to take, unifiedly use interface, facilitate department to take advantage of operation, adapts to the EMU that utilization demand is speed per hour 350 kilometers especially.
Above-described embodiment is only preferred version of the present utility model, is specifically not limited thereto, and can make pointed adjustment according to actual needs on this basis, thus obtain different embodiments.Such as, the backing plate inside seam is designed to other on cross section and is similar to hook-shaped shape; Or the quantity of aluminum alloy extrusion section bar increases further or reduces, etc.Because mode in the cards is more, just casehistory no longer one by one here.
Please refer to Fig. 5, Fig. 9, Fig. 5 is the partial enlarged drawing at C position in Fig. 2; The schematic diagram that Fig. 9 provides by the utility model the side door column of side wall assembly to be connected with headwall.
Except above-mentioned side wall assembly, the utility model also provides a kind of guideway vehicle, and comprise car body and in-built equipment, car body comprises the components such as underframe, side wall, roof, headwall and floor, and wherein, side wall is side wall assembly mentioned above.
Particularly, when assembling, the side door column 13 of side wall assembly is directly connected with headwall 17, and directly inserts the inside of edge beam of underframe 18, to improve integral structure rigidity and intensity.
Side bar 18 is provided with the interior muscle truss-like side wall connecting portion 19 of the board plane above Ground of raising up, the lower edge of itself and side wall assembly plugs, is welded to connect, namely under side wall, edge exceeds floor certain distance with the position of weld of side bar 18, be equivalent to the grafting position while welding of side wall and side bar 18 to raise, bottom side wall, form one safe edge.Like this, when train is run at high speed, outside air is not easy to penetrate into vehicle body along floor, improves airtight loadintensity, and all the other structures please refer to prior art, repeat no more herein.
Above guideway vehicle provided by the utility model and side wall assembly are described in detail.Apply specific case herein to set forth principle of the present utility model and embodiment, the explanation of above embodiment just understands core concept of the present utility model for helping.Should be understood that; for those skilled in the art; under the prerequisite not departing from the utility model principle, can also carry out some improvement and modification to the utility model, these improve and modify and also fall in the protection domain of the utility model claim.

Claims (10)

1. a side wall assembly, be made up of branched aluminum alloy extrusion section bar (1) grafting, welding, it offers vehicle body attachment construction opening, it is characterized in that, the backing plate (3) be formed on a wherein described aluminum alloy extrusion section bar (1) is provided with inside the seam of adjacent two described aluminum alloy extrusion section bars (1), described backing plate (3) is hook-shaped on cross section, its head is close to the inwall of another described aluminum alloy extrusion section bar (1) seam areas, and the hook groove between its root and head forms the cavity (4) corresponding to described seam.
2. side wall assembly according to claim 1, is characterized in that, the side window opening (5) in described construction opening is on upper edge and be respectively equipped with reinforcement horizontal bar (6) along place down.
3. side wall assembly according to claim 1, is characterized in that, side door openings (12) disposable integral in described construction opening shapes.
4. side wall assembly according to claim 1, is characterized in that, described construction opening comprises emergency unlocking device installing port.
5. side wall assembly according to claim 1, is characterized in that, on cross section, its width is widened in inner side gradually from middle part to lower edge.
6. side wall assembly according to claim 1, is characterized in that, its side door column (13) is directly offered a mechanism and built-in fitting mounting hole (16).
7. the side wall assembly according to any one of claim 1 to 6, is characterized in that, adjacent two described aluminum alloy extrusion section bars (1) are respectively equipped with groove (2) at seam, forms " V " shape welding groove.
8. a guideway vehicle, comprises car body and in-built equipment, and described car body comprises underframe, side wall, roof, headwall (17) and floor, it is characterized in that, described side wall is the side wall assembly described in any one of the claims 1 to 7.
9. guideway vehicle according to claim 8, is characterized in that, the side door column (13) of described side wall assembly is directly connected with described headwall (17), and directly inserts the inside of described edge beam of underframe (18).
10. guideway vehicle according to claim 9, it is characterized in that, described side bar (18) is provided with interior muscle truss-like side wall connecting portion (19) of the board plane above Ground of raising up, and the lower edge of itself and described side wall assembly plugs, is welded to connect.
CN201520643566.6U 2015-08-24 2015-08-24 Rail vehicle and side wall subassembly thereof Active CN204915697U (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105197031A (en) * 2015-08-24 2015-12-30 南车青岛四方机车车辆股份有限公司 Rail car and side wall assembly thereof
CN109215482A (en) * 2017-07-08 2019-01-15 盘锦雨源新创意开发推广有限公司 The manual three-dimensional buildings model sectional die of three D of one kind
CN111284510A (en) * 2018-12-07 2020-06-16 中车唐山机车车辆有限公司 Rail vehicle's automobile body side wall, automobile body and rail vehicle
CN111845812A (en) * 2020-07-29 2020-10-30 中车唐山机车车辆有限公司 Freight side wall, carriage and rail vehicle
CN114407946A (en) * 2021-12-20 2022-04-29 北京轨道交通技术装备集团有限公司 End wall structure and manufacturing method thereof

Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105197031A (en) * 2015-08-24 2015-12-30 南车青岛四方机车车辆股份有限公司 Rail car and side wall assembly thereof
CN109215482A (en) * 2017-07-08 2019-01-15 盘锦雨源新创意开发推广有限公司 The manual three-dimensional buildings model sectional die of three D of one kind
CN111284510A (en) * 2018-12-07 2020-06-16 中车唐山机车车辆有限公司 Rail vehicle's automobile body side wall, automobile body and rail vehicle
CN111845812A (en) * 2020-07-29 2020-10-30 中车唐山机车车辆有限公司 Freight side wall, carriage and rail vehicle
WO2022021583A1 (en) * 2020-07-29 2022-02-03 中车唐山机车车辆有限公司 Freight vehicle side wall, vehicle carriage and rail vehicle
CN114407946A (en) * 2021-12-20 2022-04-29 北京轨道交通技术装备集团有限公司 End wall structure and manufacturing method thereof

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C56 Change in the name or address of the patentee
CP01 Change in the name or title of a patent holder

Address after: Chengyang District of Shandong city of Qingdao province Jinhong road 266111 No. 88

Patentee after: CRRC QINGDAO SIFANG CO., LTD.

Address before: Chengyang District of Shandong city of Qingdao province Jinhong road 266111 No. 88

Patentee before: CSR Qingdao Sifang Locomotive and Rolling Stock Co., Ltd.