CN204915640U - Windage arresting gear and train automobile body - Google Patents

Windage arresting gear and train automobile body Download PDF

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Publication number
CN204915640U
CN204915640U CN201520217234.1U CN201520217234U CN204915640U CN 204915640 U CN204915640 U CN 204915640U CN 201520217234 U CN201520217234 U CN 201520217234U CN 204915640 U CN204915640 U CN 204915640U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
windage
slipper
head rod
brake equipment
train
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Withdrawn - After Issue
Application number
CN201520217234.1U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
滕世平
滕冉
王涛
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Guangzhou Railway Polytechnic
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Guangzhou Railway Polytechnic
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Priority to CN201520217234.1U priority Critical patent/CN204915640U/en
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Publication of CN204915640U publication Critical patent/CN204915640U/en
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Abstract

The utility model discloses a windage arresting gear and train automobile body, windage arresting gear symmetry is fixed in on the wallboard of train automobile body both sides. Windage arresting gear rotates through rotating actuating mechanism drive head rod, under the drive of head rod at the during operation first windage dive flap rotates, and simultaneously, owing to be connected and form linkage structure second connecting rod and first windage dive flap, under first windage dive flap pivoted prerequisite, the second connecting rod also rotates thereupon to can make the head rod, second connecting rod, the first windage dive flap that begin at fold condition stretch out, first windage dive flap is stretched out, is used for preventing the flow of air current, produces aerodynamic drag, makes the train obtain windage brake force. First windage dive flap passes through the mode of head rod, second connecting rod linkage, can make first windage dive flap be in all the time with train advancing direction vertically direction, can adapt to the two -way braking demand of traveling of train.

Description

Windage brake equipment and train body
Technical field
The utility model relates to braking technology field, particularly relates to a kind of windage brake equipment and train body.
Background technology
Existing railroad train braking model mainly contains tread brake, disc braking, regenerative brake, rheostatic brake, electromagnetic rail brake, eddy current brake, storage brake etc.Wherein, front four kinds of braking models belong to adhesion braking, depend on rail adhesion coefficient and limit by adhesion, tread brake wherein and disc braking also use the mode that brake block and wheel tread friction or brake pad and brake disc rub, in braking procedure, cause the abrasion of wheel, brake disc and brake shoe brake lining, increase maintenance workload; Rear three kinds of braking models are heavier because of its device, and are installed on bogie truck, can increase bogie truck unsprung weight, cause the decline of vehicle motor-car performance, thus the traveling comfort of vehicle is declined.
Due to square being directly proportional of kinetic energy and speed, also the increase with speed is increased in geometric series with the kinetic energy of the motor train unit train of more than 200km/h speed high-speed cruising, its braking energy required for when emergency braking or service braking is also large than general fast train, and this is a kind of test greatly for depending on the conventional train brake equipment that rail adhesion coefficient and adhesion carry out braking.Adhesion coefficient particularly between wheel track can decline along with the raising of train speed, and this downward trend is more obvious after train speed is higher than 250km/h.Obviously, along with domestic and international speed is more than the starting in a large number of EMU of 300km/h, or even the train of high-speed motor train unit of more than the speed 500km/h developed, the existing braking requirement only relying on the brake mode of traditional brake equipment can not meet EMU.
Utility model content
Based on this, the utility model is to provide a kind of windage brake equipment and train body, and it can overcome the deficiencies in the prior art, realizes the braking of high-speed train body, and can meet the braking requirement of train body two way.
Its technical scheme is as follows:
A kind of windage brake equipment, comprise the first windage slipper, rotating drive mechanism, head rod, at least one pair of second pipe link, with described head rod, corresponding respectively and ground the first permanent seat that is rotatably connected of second pipe link, second permanent seat, and described rotating drive mechanism drives described head rod to rotate, described first windage slipper is connected on described head rod rotationally, and head rod is connected to the middle part of described first windage slipper, described first windage slipper is also connected rotationally with described second pipe link, and often pair of described second pipe link lays respectively at the both sides of described head rod.
Below further technical scheme is described:
Wherein in an embodiment, also comprise the second windage slipper, described second windage slipper is connected all rotationally with described head rod, the second pipe link, and described first windage slipper, described second windage slipper lay respectively at the not homonymy of described head rod, the second pipe link, and parallel and dislocation arrange.
Wherein in an embodiment, described rotating drive mechanism comprises connecting lever and axial motion output unit, and one end of described connecting lever is connected to described first permanent seat rotationally, and the other end is connected with described axial motion output unit rotationally.
Wherein in an embodiment, described axial motion output unit is the adjustable hydraulic actuating cylinder of stroke or cylinder, and described axial motion output unit is fixed on the 3rd permanent seat rotationally, and the anglec of rotation of described connecting lever is 0-90 °.
Wherein in an embodiment, also include cover plate, described cover plate is connected to described head rod rotationally away from one end of described first permanent seat and described second pipe link one end away from described second permanent seat.
Wherein in an embodiment, described cover plate and described first windage slipper, the described second equal face of windage slipper are vertical.
Wherein in an embodiment, also comprise installation portion, described first permanent seat, the second permanent seat are arranged in described installation portion, and when described windage brake equipment is in off working state, the outside face of described cover plate does not exceed described installation portion opening edge edge.
A kind of train body, comprise described windage brake equipment, described windage brake equipment is symmetrically fixed on the wallboard of described train body both sides.
Wherein in an embodiment, described wallboard is arranged with installation portion, described windage brake equipment is fixed in described installation portion, and when windage brake equipment does not work, described cover plate flushes with described wallboard.
Wherein in an embodiment, described first windage slipper is vertical with the wallboard face of train body.
Below the principle, effect etc. of preceding solution are described:
Above-mentioned windage brake equipment operationally, described head rod is driven to rotate by described rotating drive mechanism, under the drive of head rod, described first windage slipper rotates, simultaneously, linkage structure is formed owing to being connected with described first windage slipper described second pipe link, under the prerequisite that the first windage slipper rotates, second pipe link also rotates thereupon, thus the head rod being initially located in folded state can be made, second pipe link, first windage slipper trails, first windage slipper is extended, for stoping the flowing of air-flow, produce air resistance, train is made to obtain windage braking force.Described first windage slipper, by the mode of head rod, the second pipe link interlock, can make the first windage slipper be in the direction vertical with train direct of travel all the time, can adapt to the braking requirement of train two way.
Above-mentioned train body is provided with described windage brake equipment, when train normally travels, described head rod, the second pipe link are all in heeling condition, described first windage slipper and the second windage slipper are all in folded state, and the side being concealed in train body does not affect the attractive in appearance of train body; And when re-using, then by the effect of described rotating drive mechanism, there is linkage action, make the first windage slipper stretch out outside train body, produce air resistance, make train obtain windage braking force.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of windage brake equipment when off working state described in the utility model embodiment;
Fig. 2 is the birds-eye view of A in Fig. 1;
Fig. 3 is the enlarged drawing of A in Fig. 1;
Fig. 4 be windage brake equipment described in the utility model embodiment in working order time structural representation;
Fig. 5 is the birds-eye view of B in Fig. 4;
Fig. 6 is the enlarged drawing of B in Fig. 4;
Fig. 7 is the layout schematic diagram of the windage brake equipment described in the utility model embodiment at train body;
Fig. 8 is the schematic diagram of train body when windage brake equipment works described in the utility model embodiment.
Description of reference numerals:
100, windage brake equipment, the 12, first windage slipper, the 22, second windage slipper, 32, cover plate, 322, connecting portion, 14, head rod, 142, the first permanent seat, 16, the second pipe link, the 162, second permanent seat, 182, connecting lever, 184, axial motion output unit, 186, the 3rd permanent seat, 20, installation portion, 200, train body.
Detailed description of the invention
Below embodiment of the present utility model is described in detail:
As illustrated in figure 1 or 4, a kind of windage brake equipment 100, comprise the first windage slipper 12, rotating drive mechanism, head rod 14, at least one pair of second pipe link 16, with described head rod 14, corresponding respectively and the first permanent seat 142 be rotatably connected of second pipe link 16, second permanent seat 162, and described rotating drive mechanism drives described head rod 14 to rotate, described first windage slipper 12 is connected on described head rod 14 rotationally, and head rod 14 is connected to the middle part of described first windage slipper 12, described first windage slipper 12 is also connected rotationally with described second pipe link 16, and described second pipe link 16 is laid respectively to the both sides of described head rod 14.
As shown in Figure 1 to Figure 3, described windage brake equipment 100 is when off working state, and described first windage slipper 12, head rod 14 and the second pipe link 16 are in folded state, can be usually stowed away, as shown in Figures 4 to 6, and when described windage brake equipment 100 is in running order, described head rod 14 is driven to rotate by described rotating drive mechanism, under the drive of head rod 14, described first windage slipper 12 rotates, simultaneously, linkage structure is formed owing to being connected with described first windage slipper 12 described second pipe link 16, under the prerequisite that the first windage slipper 12 rotates, second pipe link 16 also rotates thereupon, thus the head rod 14 being initially located in folded state can be made, second pipe link 16, first windage slipper 12 trails, first windage slipper 12 is extended, for stoping the flowing of air-flow, produce air resistance, train is made to obtain windage braking force.Described first windage slipper 12, by the mode of head rod, the second pipe link interlock, can make the first windage slipper 12 be in the direction vertical with train direct of travel all the time, can adapt to the braking requirement of train two way.And, described windage brake equipment 100 does not rely on rail adhesion coefficient, and the running velocity of train is higher, the available braking force of windage brake equipment 100 will be larger, a kind of actv. auxiliary braking mode can be provided when train emergency braking, also can as a kind of common brake mode.
As shown in Figure 5 or Figure 6, described windage brake equipment 100 also comprises the second windage slipper 22, described second windage slipper 22 is all rotatably connected with described head rod 14, second pipe link 16, and described first windage slipper 12, described second windage slipper 22 lay respectively at the not homonymy of described head rod 14, second pipe link 16, and dislocation is arranged.When described head rod 14 is by driving, described head rod 14 can synchronously drive described first windage slipper 12 and described second windage slipper 22 to rotate, and the first windage slipper 12 and the second windage slipper 22 are all stretched out; And due to the first windage slipper 12 parallel with the second windage slipper 22 and dislocation arrange, increase the area stoping air current flow, produce larger air resistance, and the first windage slipper 12, second windage slipper 22 is individually fixed in the not homonymy of head rod 14, second pipe link 16, make link gear more flexible, the first windage slipper 12 and the second windage slipper 22 are independent of each other.
Described rotating drive mechanism comprises connecting lever 182 and axial motion output unit 184, and one end of described connecting lever 182 is connected to described first permanent seat 142 rotationally, and the other end of connecting lever 182 is connected with described axial motion output unit 184 rotationally.Namely one end of described connecting lever 182 is rotatably connected with the end of described head rod 14 simultaneously, and like this, when connecting lever 182 rotates, head rod 14 also can synchronous axial system.Preferred described axial motion output unit 184 is the adjustable hydraulic actuating cylinder of stroke or cylinder, for the ease of fixing, be fixed on rotationally on the 3rd permanent seat 186 by described axial motion output unit 184, and make the anglec of rotation of described connecting lever 182 be 0-90 °.Hydraulic actuating cylinder and cylinder are conventional axial motion output unit 184, and described windage brake equipment 100 adopts hydraulic cylinder or cylinder to be more convenient to installation and use.In other embodiments, other axial motion output units 184 that connecting lever 182 can be driven to rotate can also be adopted.
As Fig. 2,3 or Fig. 5,6 shown in, described windage brake equipment 100 also comprises cover plate 32, and described cover plate 32 is connected to described head rod 14 rotationally away from one end of described first permanent seat 142 and described second pipe link 16 one end away from described second permanent seat 162.The back of described cover plate 32 is provided with connecting portion 322, described cover plate 32 is made to be fixed on the end of described head rod 14, second pipe link 16 rotationally by described connecting portion 322, and described first windage slipper 12 or the second windage slipper 22 are arranged near described cover plate 32, the second windage slipper 12 or the first windage slipper 22 carry out again shifting to install meet above-mentioned first windage slipper 12 and the second windage slipper 22 demand is set.Described windage brake equipment 100 be off working state or mode of operation time, described cover plate 32 all the time with described first windage slipper 12, that described second windage slipper 22 is face is vertical.
Described windage brake equipment 100 also comprises installation portion 20, and described first permanent seat 142, second permanent seat 162 and the 3rd permanent seat 186 are all arranged in described installation portion 20, and preferably described first permanent seat 162 is mutually vertical with described 3rd permanent seat 186; As shown in Figure 1, when described windage brake equipment 100 is in off working state, described first windage slipper 12 and described second windage slipper 22 are all contained in described installation portion 20, and the outside face of described cover plate 32 does not exceed described installation portion 20 opening edge edge.
In a preferred embodiment, described head rod 14 and described first windage slipper 12, described second windage slipper 22, described cover plate 32, described first permanent seat 142, described rotary drive mechanism, and described second pipe link all adopts hinged mode to be connected with described first windage slipper 12, described second windage slipper 22, described cover plate 32, described second permanent seat 162.When windage brake equipment works, described axial motion output unit 184 promotes described connecting lever 182 and rotates, rotate with the hinged head rod 14 of described connecting lever 182 thereupon, extend gradually, opening edge edge to installation portion 20 is stretched, so, first windage slipper 12, second windage slipper 22 links, the second pipe link 16 synchronous axial system be attached thereto, under the combined action of head rod 14, second pipe link 16, the first windage slipper 12, second windage slipper 22 is stretched out described installation portion 20.
As shown in Figures 7 and 8, a kind of train body 200, comprises described windage brake equipment 100, and described windage brake equipment 100 is symmetrically fixed on the wallboard of described train body 200 side.The present embodiment only illustrates and is provided with windage brake equipment 100 described in two groups in the same side of train body 200.The sense of motion of train is contrary with the direction producing air resistance, thus produces braking force to train, makes the additional braking force of train acquisition except traditional braking power, meets the demand of train braking.And windage brake equipment 100 adopts symmetrically arranged mode, the ride characteristic of original train can not be changed, guarantee train balance; In the process of moving, rainwater, dust and other impurities can not fall into the risk causing windage brake equipment 100 in use malfunctioning in windage brake equipment 100, long service life, and erection space in train body both sides is wide, conveniently installs and uses.Described windage brake equipment 100 be by the first windage slipper 12, second windage slipper 22 open stretch out after utilize wind energy make train produce additional braking force, thus its windage braking force produced is without friction, without abrasion, pollution-free, and structure letter is simple, easy to maintenance.
Described wallboard is arranged with described installation portion 20, described windage brake equipment 100 is fixed in described installation portion 20, when windage brake equipment 100 does not work, described cover plate 32 flushes with described wallboard, thus described windage brake equipment is hidden on train body 200, do not affect the outward appearance of train body 200.
Preferably described first windage slipper 12, described second windage slipper 22 are vertical with the wallboard face of train body 200 all the time.Increase train body 200 cross-sectional area, farthest produce windage braking force.
Described windage brake equipment 100 can be used for fixing marshalling, two ends are equipped with operator's compartment, generally can carry out the two way EMU changing end operation without the need to turning around.Described windage brake equipment 100 is not only applicable to the operating needs that EMU moves forward when applying braking, also can use when EMU backward going, thus train braking requirement when using same windage brake equipment 100 can adapt to two way, and mode is identical, each group windage brake equipment 100 all can play a role simultaneously.
Each technical characteristic of the above embodiment can combine arbitrarily, for making description succinct, the all possible combination of each technical characteristic in above-described embodiment is not all described, but, as long as the combination of these technical characteristics does not exist contradiction, be all considered to be the scope that this specification sheets is recorded.
The above embodiment only have expressed several embodiment of the present utility model, and it describes comparatively concrete and detailed, but therefore can not be interpreted as the restriction to utility model patent scope.It should be pointed out that for the person of ordinary skill of the art, without departing from the concept of the premise utility, can also make some distortion and improvement, these all belong to protection domain of the present utility model.Therefore, the protection domain of the utility model patent should be as the criterion with claims.

Claims (10)

1. a windage brake equipment, it is characterized in that, comprise the first windage slipper, rotating drive mechanism, head rod, at least one pair of second pipe link, with described head rod, corresponding respectively and ground the first permanent seat that is rotatably connected of second pipe link, second permanent seat, and described rotating drive mechanism drives described head rod to rotate, described first windage slipper is connected on described head rod rotationally, and head rod is connected to the middle part of described first windage slipper, described first windage slipper is also connected rotationally with described second pipe link, and often pair of described second pipe link lays respectively at the both sides of described head rod.
2. windage brake equipment according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, also comprise the second windage slipper, described second windage slipper is connected all rotationally with described head rod, the second pipe link, and described first windage slipper, described second windage slipper lay respectively at the not homonymy of described head rod, the second pipe link, and parallel and dislocation arrange.
3. windage brake equipment according to claim 1 and 2, it is characterized in that, described rotating drive mechanism comprises connecting lever and axial motion output unit, and one end of described connecting lever is connected to described first permanent seat rotationally, and the other end is connected with described axial motion output unit rotationally.
4. windage brake equipment according to claim 3, it is characterized in that, described axial motion output unit is the adjustable hydraulic actuating cylinder of stroke or cylinder, and described axial motion output unit is fixed on the 3rd permanent seat rotationally, and the anglec of rotation of described connecting lever is 0-90 °.
5. windage brake equipment according to claim 2, it is characterized in that, also include cover plate, described cover plate is connected to described head rod rotationally away from one end of described first permanent seat and described second pipe link one end away from described second permanent seat.
6. windage brake equipment according to claim 5, is characterized in that, described cover plate and described first windage slipper, the described second equal face of windage slipper are vertical.
7. windage brake equipment according to claim 5, is characterized in that, also comprise installation portion, and described first permanent seat, the second permanent seat are arranged in described installation portion; When described windage brake equipment is in off working state, the outside face of described cover plate does not exceed described installation portion opening edge edge.
8. a train body, is characterized in that, comprises windage brake equipment as claimed in claim 7, and described windage brake equipment is symmetrically fixed on the wallboard of described train body both sides.
9. train body according to claim 8, is characterised in that, described wallboard is arranged with described installation portion, and described windage brake equipment is fixed in described installation portion, and when windage brake equipment does not work, described cover plate flushes with described wallboard.
10. train body according to claim 8, is characterized in that, described first windage slipper is vertical with the wallboard face of train body.
CN201520217234.1U 2015-04-10 2015-04-10 Windage arresting gear and train automobile body Withdrawn - After Issue CN204915640U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201520217234.1U CN204915640U (en) 2015-04-10 2015-04-10 Windage arresting gear and train automobile body

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201520217234.1U CN204915640U (en) 2015-04-10 2015-04-10 Windage arresting gear and train automobile body

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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104773143A (en) * 2015-04-10 2015-07-15 广州铁路职业技术学院 Wind-resistance braking device and train body
CN106882169A (en) * 2017-03-03 2017-06-23 同济大学 Train wind resistance bidirectional braking device
CN108438015A (en) * 2018-01-29 2018-08-24 同济大学 A kind of windage brake apparatus of bidirectional open

Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104773143A (en) * 2015-04-10 2015-07-15 广州铁路职业技术学院 Wind-resistance braking device and train body
CN104773143B (en) * 2015-04-10 2017-08-01 广州铁路职业技术学院 Windage brake apparatus and train body
CN106882169A (en) * 2017-03-03 2017-06-23 同济大学 Train wind resistance bidirectional braking device
CN106882169B (en) * 2017-03-03 2019-06-11 同济大学 Train wind resistance bidirectional braking device
CN108438015A (en) * 2018-01-29 2018-08-24 同济大学 A kind of windage brake apparatus of bidirectional open

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GR01 Patent grant
AV01 Patent right actively abandoned

Granted publication date: 20151230

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AV01 Patent right actively abandoned