CN204323385U - The two-way windage brake of high ferro train - Google Patents

The two-way windage brake of high ferro train Download PDF

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Publication number
CN204323385U
CN204323385U CN201420872467.0U CN201420872467U CN204323385U CN 204323385 U CN204323385 U CN 204323385U CN 201420872467 U CN201420872467 U CN 201420872467U CN 204323385 U CN204323385 U CN 204323385U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
bearing
windage
slipper
train
brake
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Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN201420872467.0U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
刘军
吕海霆
王琳
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DALIAN INSTITUTE OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY
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DALIAN INSTITUTE OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY
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Priority to CN201420872467.0U priority Critical patent/CN204323385U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN204323385U publication Critical patent/CN204323385U/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

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Abstract

The utility model discloses the two-way windage brake of a kind of high ferro train, comprise windage slipper, and pass through the first bearing of bearing hinge connection with windage slipper one end, and pass through the second bearing of bearing hinge connection with the windage slipper other end; And with the first bearing and the hinged bearing of the second bearing other end, and the grillage installed with bearing fit; Described grillage is additional or built-in is installed on EMU roof or/and EMU car body both sides; Described first bearing and the second bearing are telescoping mechanism.The two-way windage brake of high ferro train of the present utility model, breaks through Traditional Thinking, is braked creatively design the windage brake equipment that two way is all applicable to by one-way traffic; Do not rely on rail adhesion coefficient, and running velocity is higher, its available B.P. is larger, can provide a kind of actv. auxiliary braking mode when train of high-speed motor train unit emergency braking, also can as a kind of alternate brake mode during service braking.

Description

The two-way windage brake of high ferro train
Technical field
The utility model relates to the two-way windage brake of a kind of high ferro train, belongs to train braking device technical field.
Background technology
The essence of braking is the energy dissipation or the transmission that the kinetic energy of train are converted to other form, and makes the train emergency in the stopping distance of regulation being in high-speed cruising state, thus ensures the safe in operation of train; Conventional railroad train braking model mainly contains tread brake, disc braking, regenerative brake, rheostatic brake, electromagnetic rail brake, eddy current brake, storage brake etc., and front four kinds of braking models are the brakings depending on wheel track adhesion, tread brake and disc braking also use the mode that brake block or friction lining and wheel tread rub, rear three kinds of braking models also can increase the decline that bogie truck unsprung weight causes vehicle motor-car performance, thus the traveling comfort of vehicle is declined; Along with domestic and international speed is more than the starting in a large number of EMU of 300km/h, the particularly domestic train of high-speed motor train unit developing more than speed 500km/h at present, due to square being directly proportional of kinetic energy and speed, its braking energy of the train of high-speed motor train unit run with this speed also will increase with speed and increase in geometric series, and this is a kind of test greatly for the conventional train braking model depending on adhesion between wheel track.Adhesion coefficient particularly between wheel track can decline along with the raising of train speed, and this decline trend after speed is higher than 250km/h is more obvious.Obviously, traditional brake mode can not meet the needs of EMU braking.
Chinese Patent Application No.: 201210460635.0, discloses a kind of windage brake equipment, comprises windage slipper and driver train; Described driver train comprises drive spindle, and described drive spindle is articulated with described windage slipper; One end of described windage slipper is articulated with permanent seat, and is driven by described drive spindle and can rotate around permanent seat.Described windage slipper can rotate corresponding angle around described permanent seat, and during air flow direction windage slipper, windage slipper produces certain air resistance; And directly promoting the rotation of windage slipper by drive spindle, required propulsive effort is little, improves efficiency, economize energy; Windage slipper symmetry is installed on the framed side wallboard of multiple unit train body both sides, and the balance of motor-car is fine; Rainwater, dust and other impurities can not fall into windage brake equipment and affect the function of windage brake equipment, long service life; And the erection space of multiple unit train body both sides is wide, thus conveniently installs and uses; But it is one-way traffic braking, and motor-car is all two way, and it can not be applicable on existing multiple unit train body well.
Utility model content
(1) technical matters that will solve
For solving the problem, the utility model proposes the two-way windage brake of a kind of high ferro train, breaking through Traditional Thinking, braked by one-way traffic and creatively design the windage brake equipment that two way is all applicable to.
(2) technical scheme
The two-way windage brake of high ferro train of the present utility model, comprises windage slipper, and passes through the first bearing of bearing hinge connection with windage slipper one end, and passes through the second bearing of bearing hinge connection with the windage slipper other end; And with the first bearing and the hinged bearing of the second bearing other end, and the grillage installed with bearing fit; Described grillage is additional or built-in is installed on EMU roof or/and EMU car body both sides; Described first bearing and the second bearing are telescoping mechanism.
Further, described first bearing and the second bearing can be cylinder or hydraulic actuating cylinder; Described first bearing and the second bearing form the one composition in parallel bar, crossbar and two-layer crossbar.
Further, be parallel to car body when described plate is regained, the windage slipper of external-added grillage is parallel with car body surface, and the windage slipper of built-in grillage can be fitted with car body surface; Built-in windage slipper is regained and is hidden in vehicle body side wall under non-working condition, and windage slipper tightly can be fitted with car body plane, does not affect EMU overall appearance effect and aerodynamic performance.
Further, described windage slipper and train direct of travel formed exhibition angular region ± 90 °
(3) beneficial effect
The two-way windage brake of high ferro train of the present utility model, breaks through Traditional Thinking, is braked creatively design the windage brake equipment that two way is all applicable to by one-way traffic; Do not rely on rail adhesion coefficient, and running velocity is higher, its available B.P. is larger, can provide a kind of actv. auxiliary braking mode when train of high-speed motor train unit emergency braking, also can as a kind of alternate brake mode during service braking.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the utility model off working state structural representation;
Fig. 2 is that the utility model stretches out status architecture schematic diagram when advancing left;
Fig. 3 is that the utility model stretches out status architecture schematic diagram when advancing to the right;
Fig. 4 is the utility model crossed configuration schematic diagram;
Fig. 5 is the utility model crossed configuration form four-cylinder plane arrangement structure schematic diagram;
Fig. 6 is double-layer arrangement structure schematic diagram of the present utility model.
Detailed description of the invention
Embodiment 1:
The two-way windage brake of a kind of high ferro train as shown in Figure 1 to Figure 3, comprises windage slipper, and passes through the first bearing of bearing hinge connection with windage slipper one end, and passes through the second bearing of bearing hinge connection with the windage slipper other end; And with the first bearing and the hinged bearing of the second bearing other end, and the grillage installed with bearing fit; Described grillage is additional or built-in is installed on EMU roof or/and EMU car body both sides; Described first bearing and the second bearing are telescoping mechanism.
Wherein, described first bearing and the second bearing can be cylinder or hydraulic actuating cylinder; Described plate is parallel to car body when regaining, and the windage slipper of external-added grillage is parallel with car body surface, and the windage slipper of built-in grillage can be fitted with car body surface; Built-in windage slipper is regained and is hidden in vehicle body side wall under non-working condition, and windage slipper tightly can be fitted with car body plane, does not affect EMU overall appearance effect and aerodynamic performance; Exhibition angular region ± 90 ° that described windage slipper and train direct of travel are formed.
Under EMU high-speed cruising state, when needing to adopt windage braking, be installed in the first bearing 2 on grillage 4 and be filled with pressurized air, piston rod stretches out, the side promoting to be installed on windage slipper 1 on bearing 5 stretches out car body 9 windward, with car body roof plate or framed side wallboard angled, thus stop the flowing of the outer sidewind of car body, produce air resistance, make train obtain windage braking force.When train reverse direction operation, be installed in the second bearing 3 on grillage 4 and be filled with pressurized air, the opposite side that can promote the windage slipper 1 be installed on bearing 5 stretches out car body 9 windward, with car body roof plate or framed side wallboard angled, thus the flowing of the outer sidewind of prevention car body, produce air resistance, make train obtain windage braking force.
Embodiment 2:
As shown in Figure 4 and Figure 5, the first bearing 2, second bearing 3 arranged crosswise, effectively can reduce the thickness of this device.When train runs braking left, be installed in the first bearing 2 on grillage 4 and be filled with pressurized air, piston rod stretches out, and the side promoting the windage slipper 1 be installed on bearing 5 stretches out car body 9 windward; When train runs to the right, be installed in the second bearing 3 on grillage 4 and be filled with pressurized air, the opposite side that can promote the windage slipper 1 be installed on bearing 5 stretches out car body 9 windward.
Embodiment 3:
As shown in Figure 6, the first bearing 2, second bearing 3 is arranged separately on different layers; When train runs braking left, be installed in the first bearing 2 on grillage 4 and be filled with pressurized air, piston rod stretches out, promote the add-in card 6 be installed on bearing 5 to rotate around bearing 7, drive the cylinder 3, bearing 5, bearing 8 and the windage slipper 1 that are installed on add-in card 6, together stretch out car body 9 windward, provide windage braking force by windage slipper 1; When train runs to the right, be installed in the second bearing 3 on grillage 4 and be filled with pressurized air, promote the windage slipper 1 be installed on bearing 5 and rotate around bearing 8 and stretch out car body 9 windward, provide windage braking force by windage slipper 1 equally.
Two-way windage brake equipment of the present utility model, is equipped with operator's compartment for fixing marshalling, two ends, generally can carry out the two way EMU changing end operation without the need to turning around; Different from traditional EMU windage brake equipment, the direction that windage brake equipment provided by the utility model can be advanced according to EMU is different, and adopt the expansion mode consistent with direct of travel, thus use set of device to carry out bi-directional braking, not only can use when EMU moves forward and applies braking, also can use during backward going.
Two-way windage brake equipment of the present utility model, additionally or built-in can be installed on the roof of EMU motor-car and trailer vehicles or is installed on vehicle body side, when being arranged on side wall, needs bilateral symmetry to arrange; This device non-working condition is regained and is parallel to car body, and external-added windage slipper can be parallel with car body surface, and built-in windage slipper can be fitted with car body surface, does not affect EMU overall appearance effect.This windage brake device structure is simple, easy to maintenance, without friction, without abrasion, pollution-free, use wind energy this clean energy resource as working medium, do not rely on wheel track adhesion, use braking effect more obvious when EMU runs more than the speed of 250km/h.
Embodiment recited above is only be described preferred implementation of the present utility model, not limits design of the present utility model and scope.Under the prerequisite not departing from the utility model design concept; the various modification that this area ordinary person makes the technical solution of the utility model and improvement; protection domain of the present utility model all should be dropped into; the technology contents of the utility model request protection, all records in detail in the claims.

Claims (4)

1. the two-way windage brake of high ferro train, is characterized in that: comprise windage slipper, and passes through the first bearing of bearing hinge connection with windage slipper one end, and passes through the second bearing of bearing hinge connection with the windage slipper other end; And with the first bearing and the hinged bearing of the second bearing other end, and the grillage installed with bearing fit; Described grillage is additional or built-in is installed on EMU roof or/and EMU car body both sides; Described first bearing and the second bearing are telescoping mechanism.
2. the two-way windage brake of high ferro train according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described first bearing and the second bearing can be cylinder or hydraulic actuating cylinder; Described first bearing and the second bearing form the one composition in parallel bar, crossbar and two-layer crossbar.
3. the two-way windage brake of high ferro train according to claim 1, is characterized in that: be parallel to car body when described plate is regained, the windage slipper of external-added grillage is parallel with car body surface, and the windage slipper of built-in grillage can be fitted with car body surface.
4. the two-way windage brake of high ferro train according to claim 1, is characterized in that: exhibition angular region ± 90 ° that described windage slipper and train direct of travel are formed.
CN201420872467.0U 2014-12-31 2014-12-31 The two-way windage brake of high ferro train Expired - Fee Related CN204323385U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201420872467.0U CN204323385U (en) 2014-12-31 2014-12-31 The two-way windage brake of high ferro train

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201420872467.0U CN204323385U (en) 2014-12-31 2014-12-31 The two-way windage brake of high ferro train

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN204323385U true CN204323385U (en) 2015-05-13

Family

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Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
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Country Status (1)

Country Link
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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104590309A (en) * 2014-12-31 2015-05-06 大连科技学院 Two-way wind resistance braking device for high-speed motor train unit
CN109131421A (en) * 2018-09-21 2019-01-04 中车青岛四方车辆研究所有限公司 The two-way windage brake apparatus of bullet train

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104590309A (en) * 2014-12-31 2015-05-06 大连科技学院 Two-way wind resistance braking device for high-speed motor train unit
CN109131421A (en) * 2018-09-21 2019-01-04 中车青岛四方车辆研究所有限公司 The two-way windage brake apparatus of bullet train

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C14 Grant of patent or utility model
GR01 Patent grant
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20150513

Termination date: 20171231