CN204907145U - Harvester for peanut - Google Patents

Harvester for peanut Download PDF

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Publication number
CN204907145U
CN204907145U CN201520671688.6U CN201520671688U CN204907145U CN 204907145 U CN204907145 U CN 204907145U CN 201520671688 U CN201520671688 U CN 201520671688U CN 204907145 U CN204907145 U CN 204907145U
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
shovel
tube body
harvester
peanut
mainframe
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN201520671688.6U
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
姜云鹏
于政小涵
王静
王鹏程
刘晓龙
董先伟
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Weihai Jiasheng Machinery Technology Co., Ltd.
Original Assignee
RONGCHENG JIAXIN AGRICULTURAL MACHINERY CO Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by RONGCHENG JIAXIN AGRICULTURAL MACHINERY CO Ltd filed Critical RONGCHENG JIAXIN AGRICULTURAL MACHINERY CO Ltd
Priority to CN201520671688.6U priority Critical patent/CN204907145U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN204907145U publication Critical patent/CN204907145U/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

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  • Soil Working Implements (AREA)
  • Harvesting Machines For Root Crops (AREA)

Abstract

The utility model relates to a crops harvesting apparatus. The intensity of labour that present peanut results in -process exists is big in order to solve, the technical problem of inefficiency, the utility model provides a harvester for peanut including the main frame, is equipped with the walking wheel respectively on the support body of main frame both sides, be equipped with fixed shovel, its characterized in that in the bottom of main frame front end: but be equipped with the shovel that moves of back -and -forth movement on the fixed shovel, move shovel front end and fixed shovel laminating, the both sides of moving the shovel are articulated fixed through the connecting rod and the side support body of main frame respectively, be equipped with draw gear on the crossbeam of main frame front end, the last driving sprocket that is equipped with of draw gear, the connecting rod top of moving the shovel both sides is equipped with transverse connection's tractive roof beam, is equipped with a pendulum rod on the tractive roof beam, and the front end of pendulum rod is equipped with the eccentric wheel, is connected through the transmission shaft between eccentric wheel and the driving sprocket. Rational in infrastructure, the convenient operation of this harvester for peanut can effectively lighten intensity of labour, and efficiency is gathered in the crops in improvement that again can be very big.

Description

A kind of harvester for peanut
Technical field
The utility model relates to a kind of crop harvesting device, specifically refers to a kind of harvester for peanut.
Background technology
For a long time, the results of peanut mostly rely on and manually complete, and labour intensity is large, and efficiency is low.During current employing mechanical work, mostly be adopt vehicle to drive cultivated plough to be dug by the soil bottom Peanut Root System, then adopt artificial method by Peanut Root System with soil block shake off so that follow-up centralized collection, be still restricted although labour intensity alleviates efficiency of crop to some extent.
Summary of the invention
In order to solve, the labour intensity existed in current harvesting peanut process is large, the technical problem of inefficiency, and the utility model provides a kind of harvester for peanut.
For realizing above-mentioned technical purpose, the technical solution adopted in the utility model is: a kind of harvester for peanut, comprise mainframe, the support body of mainframe both sides is respectively equipped with road wheel support bar, the bottom of road wheel support bar is provided with road wheel, is provided with fixing shovel, it is characterized in that: described fixing shovel is provided with the dynamic shovel that can move forward and backward in the bottom of mainframe front end, fit with fixing shovel in dynamic shovel front end, the both sides of described dynamic shovel are hinged fixing respectively by the side support body of connecting rod and mainframe; The crossbeam of mainframe front end is provided with draw-gear, draw-gear is provided with drive sprocket, and the connecting rod top of described dynamic shovel both sides is provided with the tractive beam of lateral connection, and tractive beam is provided with a fork, the front end of fork is provided with eccentric wheel, is connected between eccentric wheel with drive sprocket by power transmission shaft.
Further, described dynamic shovel, its front end is a shovel piece, and shovel piece rear portion has some parallel horizon bars to be arranged in comb shape.
Further, also comprise guiding gathering unit, described guiding gathering unit refers to that the tail end of the horizon bar of comb shape forms rake to lopsidedness, is provided with guiding riser at the outward flange of rake simultaneously.
Further, the front end of described fixing shovel is provided with the triangle blades be evenly arranged along reaping machine width.
Further, clutch is provided with between described drive sprocket and power transmission shaft.
Further, described road wheel support bar is made up of outer tube body and interior tube body, the bottom of interior tube body is stretched out bottom outer tube body and in the bottom of interior tube body and is fixed road wheel, the top closure of inside and outside body, screwed hole is provided with on the top of interior tube body, the bottom of adjusting screw extend into interior tube body inside through screwed hole, and the top of adjusting screw is stretched out by outer tube body top, and the leading screw body between interior tube body top and outer tube body top is provided with support spring.
The beneficial effects of the utility model are: 1, be arranged on by drive sprocket on draw-gear and the distance between drive sprocket and towing vehicle is reduced, and prevent that driving chain is long causes that chain is lax to come off; 2, on fixing shovel, increasing dynamic shovel and can ensure that the soil bottom Peanut Root System scoops up smoothly, is leaked down in the gap between simultaneously the soil block on the peanut strain body on dynamic shovel can being shaken off by horizon bar by the dynamic front-rear reciprocation movement shoveled; 3, guiding gathering unit is set and can ensures that peanut plant is to a lateral movement, automatically neatly can be arranged in rib side after peanut plant moves out of guiding gathering unit, be conducive to the centralized collection in later stage.This harvester for peanut is rational in infrastructure, easy to operate, can effectively reduce labor intensity, and can improve efficiency of crop greatly again.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Accompanying drawing 1 is left TV structure figure of the present utility model.
Accompanying drawing 2 is structure vertical view of the present utility model.
Accompanying drawing 3 is the structure cutaway view of road wheel support bar.
Embodiment
Below in conjunction with drawings and Examples, the utility model is described in further detail.
As shown in Figure 1, a kind of harvester for peanut, comprises mainframe 1, the support body of mainframe both sides is respectively equipped with road wheel support bar 2, and the bottom of road wheel support bar is provided with road wheel 3, is provided with fixing shovel 4 in the bottom of mainframe front end.Drive when road wheel 3 is walked whole reaping machine to advance, fix shovel 4 simultaneously and the soil bottom Peanut Root System is scooped up.As shown in Figure 2, the front end of fixing shovel 4 is provided with the triangle blades 41 be evenly arranged along reaping machine width, to ensure that fixing shovel 4 can dig soil smoothly.
As shown in Figure 3, in the present embodiment, road wheel support bar 2 is made up of outer tube body 21 and interior tube body 22, the bottom of interior tube body 22 is stretched out bottom outer tube body and in the bottom of interior tube body and is fixed road wheel, the top closure of inside and outside body, is provided with screwed hole on the top of interior tube body, and the bottom of adjusting screw 23 extend into interior tube body inside through screwed hole, the top of adjusting screw is stretched out by outer tube body top, and the leading screw body between interior tube body top and outer tube body top is provided with support spring 24.After adopting this to arrange, by rotating the whole height of adjusting screw 23 adjustable road wheel support bar 2, thus control the shoveling depth of fixing shovel 4, arrange can by road wheel 3 and interior tube body 22 jack-up when support spring 24 can prevent road wheel from encountering the hard things such as stone in the process of walking simultaneously, after across obstacle, road wheel 3 and interior tube body 22 can automatically reset again.
As shown in accompanying drawing 1 and accompanying drawing 2, fixing shovel 4 is provided with the dynamic shovel 5 that can move forward and backward.As shown in Figure 2, dynamic shovel 5 comprises the shovel piece 51 of its front end, and have some parallel horizon bars 52 to be arranged in comb shape at shovel piece 51 rear portion, shovel piece 51 and fixing shovel 4 are fitted.
As shown in Figure 1, the edge of dynamic shovel 5 is provided with and supports riser 53, supports the outside that riser 53 is positioned at mainframe 1 both sides, supports between riser 53 and mainframe 1 and is fixed by rod hinge connection.As shown in Figure 1, in the present embodiment, connecting rod is divided into front rod 61 and back link 62, and the first half of front rod 61 extends to mainframe top droop, hinged between the kink and mainframe 1 of front rod 61, dynamic shovel 5 can be driven movable on fixing shovel by the swing of front rod 61.
As shown in Figure 2, the crossbeam 11 of mainframe 1 front end is provided with draw-gear 7, draw-gear is provided with drive sprocket 8, front rod 61 top of dynamic shovel both sides is provided with the tractive beam 9 of lateral connection, tractive beam is provided with a fork 10, the front end of fork is provided with eccentric wheel 12, is connected between eccentric wheel with drive sprocket by power transmission shaft 13.
Known shown in 2 with reference to the accompanying drawings, when drive sprocket 8 rotates, do eccentric rotary by the transmission eccentric wheel 12 of power transmission shaft 13 around power transmission shaft 13, drive tractive beam 9 to move forward and backward through fork 10, thus drive front-rear linkage and dynamic shovel to do front-rear reciprocation movement.
In the utility model, it is different that setting position and the conventional agricultural equipment driving wheel of drive sprocket 8 are arranged on sidepiece, and it is as far as possible forward with the distance shortened between hitching machinery that its advantage is to make the position of drive sprocket 8.Due between drive sprocket 8 and hitching machinery by chain drive, when apart from time long, chain is easily lax causes chain releasing, namely occurs usually said " chain-taking " phenomenon.Drive sprocket 8 is arranged on draw-gear, the distance between itself and hitching machinery is obviously shortened, can effectively prevent coming off of chain, ensure normal transmission.
By reference to the accompanying drawings 1 and accompanying drawing 2 shown in, when this harvester for peanut works, fixing shovel 4 is while shovel soil, dynamic shovel 5 ceaselessly makes front-rear reciprocation movement, be transported on the comb at dynamic shovel rear portion endlessly by the peanut plant scooped up in soil, while dynamic shovel seesaws, the soil block on peanut plant is shaken off, along with constantly entering of peanut plant, shake off the plant after soil block and be pushed out outside dynamic shovel.
As shown in Figure 2, clutch 14 is provided with between drive sprocket 8 and power transmission shaft 13, the action of dynamic shovel can be controlled flexibly by the clutch of clutch 14, when without the need to dynamic shovel action, clutch 14 is opened, and drive sprocket 8 dallies, when the dynamic scraper of needs is moved, closed by clutch 14, drive sprocket 8 passes through power transmission shaft 13 by transmission of power to eccentric wheel 12.
As shown in Figure 2, for increasing the centralized collection of peanut plant, this harvester for peanut also comprises guiding gathering unit 15, and this guiding gathering unit refers to that the tail end of the horizon bar of comb shape forms rake 151 to lopsidedness, is provided with guiding riser 152 at the outward flange of rake 151 simultaneously.
After above-mentioned guiding gathering unit 15 is set, when peanut plant by dynamic shovel out after by the guiding of guiding riser 152, plant, from the motion of trend side, is automatically droped to the ground in the side of rib, is conducive to follow-up centralized collection after plant departs from the gathering unit 15 that leads.The servo-actuated shovel synchronization action of this guiding gathering unit 15 simultaneously, aggravates shaking off of Peanut Root System soil block further, is also conducive to the motion backward of peanut plant while motion.

Claims (6)

1. a harvester for peanut, comprise mainframe, the support body of mainframe both sides is respectively equipped with road wheel support bar, the bottom of road wheel support bar is provided with road wheel, fixing shovel is provided with in the bottom of mainframe front end, it is characterized in that: described fixing shovel is provided with the dynamic shovel that can move forward and backward, fits with fixing shovel in dynamic shovel front end, and the both sides of described dynamic shovel are hinged fixing respectively by the side support body of connecting rod and mainframe; The crossbeam of mainframe front end is provided with draw-gear, draw-gear is provided with drive sprocket, and the connecting rod top of described dynamic shovel both sides is provided with the tractive beam of lateral connection, and tractive beam is provided with a fork, the front end of fork is provided with eccentric wheel, is connected between eccentric wheel with drive sprocket by power transmission shaft.
2. a kind of harvester for peanut according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described dynamic shovel, and its front end is a shovel piece, and shovel piece rear portion has some parallel horizon bars to be arranged in comb shape.
3. a kind of harvester for peanut according to claim 2, it is characterized in that: also comprise guiding gathering unit, described guiding gathering unit refers to that the tail end of the horizon bar of comb shape forms rake to lopsidedness, is provided with guiding riser at the outward flange of rake simultaneously.
4. a kind of harvester for peanut according to claim 1, is characterized in that: the front end of described fixing shovel is provided with the triangle blades be evenly arranged along reaping machine width.
5. a kind of harvester for peanut according to claim 1, is characterized in that: be provided with clutch between described drive sprocket and power transmission shaft.
6. a kind of harvester for peanut according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described road wheel support bar is made up of outer tube body and interior tube body, the bottom of interior tube body is stretched out bottom outer tube body and in the bottom of interior tube body and is fixed road wheel, the top closure of inside and outside body, screwed hole is provided with on the top of interior tube body, the bottom of adjusting screw extend into interior tube body inside through screwed hole, the top of adjusting screw is stretched out by outer tube body top, and the leading screw body between interior tube body top and outer tube body top is provided with support spring.
CN201520671688.6U 2015-09-02 2015-09-02 Harvester for peanut Expired - Fee Related CN204907145U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201520671688.6U CN204907145U (en) 2015-09-02 2015-09-02 Harvester for peanut

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201520671688.6U CN204907145U (en) 2015-09-02 2015-09-02 Harvester for peanut

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN204907145U true CN204907145U (en) 2015-12-30

Family

ID=54956351

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201520671688.6U Expired - Fee Related CN204907145U (en) 2015-09-02 2015-09-02 Harvester for peanut

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN204907145U (en)

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105123078A (en) * 2015-09-02 2015-12-09 荣成市佳鑫农业机械有限公司 Peanut harvesting machine
CN107360743A (en) * 2017-08-07 2017-11-21 江西农业大学 A kind of adaptive profiling fertilizer guiding tube device of deep fertilization of paddy field

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105123078A (en) * 2015-09-02 2015-12-09 荣成市佳鑫农业机械有限公司 Peanut harvesting machine
CN107360743A (en) * 2017-08-07 2017-11-21 江西农业大学 A kind of adaptive profiling fertilizer guiding tube device of deep fertilization of paddy field

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Date Code Title Description
C14 Grant of patent or utility model
GR01 Patent grant
TR01 Transfer of patent right
TR01 Transfer of patent right

Effective date of registration: 20170809

Address after: Son of the village town of Rongcheng city of Weihai City, the 264300 son of the former Shandong Province

Patentee after: Weihai Jiasheng Machinery Technology Co., Ltd.

Address before: 264300 Shandong province Rongcheng city Weihai City Yin Zi Zhen Yin Zi Cun

Patentee before: Rongcheng Jiaxin Agricultural Machinery Co., Ltd.

TR01 Transfer of patent right
TR01 Transfer of patent right

Effective date of registration: 20170821

Address after: Son of the village town of Rongcheng city of Weihai City, the 264300 son of the former Shandong Province

Patentee after: Weihai Jiasheng Machinery Technology Co., Ltd.

Address before: 264300 Shandong province Rongcheng city Weihai City Yin Zi Zhen Yin Zi Cun

Patentee before: Rongcheng Jiaxin Agricultural Machinery Co., Ltd.

CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20151230

Termination date: 20180902