CN204899204U - Mouthful structure concrete structure's of department a template system fetches earth among reverse construction method - Google Patents

Mouthful structure concrete structure's of department a template system fetches earth among reverse construction method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN204899204U
CN204899204U CN201520551509.5U CN201520551509U CN204899204U CN 204899204 U CN204899204 U CN 204899204U CN 201520551509 U CN201520551509 U CN 201520551509U CN 204899204 U CN204899204 U CN 204899204U
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China
Prior art keywords
template
steel
muscle
hanging
hang
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Withdrawn - After Issue
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CN201520551509.5U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
马跃强
龙莉波
章谊
高伟
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Shanghai Construction No 2 Group Co Ltd
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Shanghai Construction No 2 Group Co Ltd
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Abstract

Mouthful structure concrete structure's of department a template system fetches earth among reverse construction method relates to building engineering reverse construction method construction technical field, and need the successive layer to set up the template and the floor concrete is pour to the successive layer to the current mouthful department that fetches earth to the problem of dilatory project progress. The template system hangs through the tie -beam rigid coupling between the girder steel for adjacent two including setting up in the top layer and erectting in at least two of mouthful both sides of fetching earth and hang the girder steel, hang for every and connect two sets of muscle that hang at least on the girder steel, in fetching earth mouthful along a plurality of stencil assembly of longitudinal arrangement in proper order with hang muscle swing joint, stencil assembly offsets with the structure post that is located its both sides, the lower surface parallel and level of stencil assembly's upper surface and corresponding floor.

Description

The mouth place that fetches earth in contrary sequence method builds the template system of concrete structure
Technical field
The utility model relates to construction work Top-down Construction Technique field, and the mouth place that particularly fetches earth in a kind of contrary sequence method builds the template system of concrete structure.
Background technology
Underground engineering construction or Construction of Deep Excavation Engineering can be divided into along the practice and contrary sequence method two kinds, go along with sb. to guard him foundation ditch along practice construction and stablize by arranging horizontal support and soil-baffling structure, body structure portion under construction ground from bottom to top of cutting the earth to projected depth; Contrary sequence method is first along building basement axis construction diaphragm wall or other supporting and protection structure, as the support of bearing superstructure deadweight and working load before base plate back cover, then the beam and slab structure of ground one deck is constructed as the support of diaphragm wall, successively downward earth excavation and build each layer underground structure, until base plate back cover subsequently; Compare along the practice, contrary sequence method because of its controlling foundation pit deformation, reduce waste of material, civilized construction and overcome construction plant narrow and small etc. in the advantage that shows and more and more coming into one's own.
In " Two walls unite as one " reverse construction, ground one deck beam and slab structure generally adopts cut and cover tunneling, all shallow mining method is adopted below one deck beam and slab structure of ground, by manpower excavation and the horizontal muck haulage of foundation ditch, then by mouthful Special-purpose soil fetching device that fetches earth being arranged on foundation ditch two ends, the earthwork of digging out is promoted entrucking and transports outward; In order to meet the requirement that structure stress and horizontal force effectively transmit, the above-mentioned mouthful size that fetches earth is generally at 150m 2left and right, after base plate and each layer beam and slab structure have been constructed, the mouth that fetches earth need return builds construction with the construction completing Main Underground body structure entirety; Be generally structural column return built after successively tie-beam plated construction from bottom to top, complete the floor completion construction of the mouth that fetches earth; Now, one deck floor concrete casting after reaching the intensity of designing requirement, need support using this floor plate as construction last layer floor, and the casting and compacting of concrete maintenance of floor needs to take the longer time, carry out the fetching earth floor completion construction of mouth of this construction method is adopted to expend time in length, inefficiency.
Summary of the invention
For in existing reverse construction, mouthful place that fetches earth successively need set up falsework successively build floorslab concrete, and concrete condensation needs to take the plenty of time, thus the problem of dilatory programming, the purpose of this utility model there is provided in a kind of contrary sequence method the template system that the mouth place that fetches earth builds concrete structure, template assembly for building each floor plate in underground is fixed on hanging girder steel by hanging muscle, and by hanging steel girder erection in top layer, the location of multiple template assembly can be realized, easy disassembling, swift and convenient to operate; And, set up because template system is disposable, therefore, it is possible to the primary concreting construction utilizing it to complete each floor plate junction, underground concrete structure, thus improve operating efficiency, shorten the construction period.
The utility model solves in the contrary sequence method that its technical problem adopts the template system that the mouth place that fetches earth builds concrete structure, for carrying out back building construction to the mouth soil of getting of underground agent structure, comprise the top layer that is set in parallel in Main Underground body structure and at least two hanging girder steels of mouthful both sides of fetching earth described in being set up in, affixed and form a stable frame construction by tie-beam between adjacent two described hanging girder steels; Hang described in every root and girder steel connects at least two groups hang muscle; The some template assemblies longitudinally arranged in the described mouth that fetches earth are flexibly connected with the described muscle that hangs successively; Described template assembly offsets with the structural column of the described Main Underground body structure being positioned at its both sides, and the upper surface of each described template assembly is concordant with the soffit of the floor of corresponding described Main Underground body structure.
Preferably, described template assembly comprises supporting frame, and is fixed on the template on support frame as described above body, described in hang muscle and run through the described template assembly of each layer successively, hang on muscle described in described template assembly is connected to by fastener.
Preferably, support frame as described above body is made up of some dual-trench type girder steels of be arrangeding in parallel or two involute channel-section steel, described dual-trench type girder steel is arranged in opposite directions by two channel-section steels and is welded in one by fixed block, and the web of two described channel-section steels forms one for hanging the hole of muscle described in running through, described two involute channel-section steel is the c-shaped channel-section steel in longitudinal section, and the web of described two involute channel-section steel is provided with the installing hole hanging muscle described in some running through.
Preferably, support frame as described above body also comprises some steel secondary beams arranged in parallel, and described steel secondary beam and described dual-trench type girder steel or two involute channel-section steel are crisscross arranged.
Preferably, also comprise the stopping means in the installing hole of hole or the two involute channel-section steel being installed on described dual-trench type girder steel, described stopping means has an internal diameter and the described through hole hanging muscle external diameter and match.
Preferably, top be provided with externally threaded described in hang muscle and run through described hanging girder steel and tightened by double nut, be also provided with pad between described double nut and described hanging girder steel.
Preferably, described hanging girder steel is steel beam with box shape or steel I-beam.
Effect of the present utility model is: the mouth place that fetches earth in the utility model contrary sequence method builds the template system of concrete structure, utilize the feature that the top board supporting capacity of Main Underground body structure is larger, the top board of mouthful position that fetches earth arranges supporting capacity and lateral stability all preferably hangs girder steel as carrier bar, and without the need to taking other reinforcement measure, each template assembly is fixed on hanging girder steel by the muscle that hangs run through, therefore, each template assembly and working load to be passed to the top board of mouthful both sides of fetching earth by hanging girder steel by hanging muscle, adopt hanging girder steel as the skeleton of template system, hanging girder steel can adapt to hang requirement that is stressed and distortion well, thus improve the integral rigidity of template system, ensure that the stability of template system, significantly, compare the mouth that fetches earth at present to return and build construction and take the scope of operation mutually, setting up of last layer template need treat that lower floor board concrete hardens and reaches the present situation of designing requirement intensity, template system of the present utility model makes full use of completed Main Underground body structure and sets up as support, the template assembly corresponding due to each floor plate of Main Underground body structure disposablely can complete formwork, and do not take the scope of operation mutually between template assembly, thus the assembling reinforcement simultaneously of this template system can be utilized and concreting, thus the disposable completion construction completing each floor plate in the mouth that fetches earth, not only increase operating efficiency, shorten the construction period, and save scaffold set up expense, reduce engineering cost.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of mouth of fetching earth in the major project of the utility model one embodiment underground;
Fig. 2 is that the mouth place that fetches earth in the contrary sequence method of the utility model one embodiment builds the schematic diagram that the template system of concrete structure is applied to underground construction;
Fig. 3 is the top view of Fig. 1;
Fig. 4 hangs muscle top and the structural representation that is connected of hanging girder steel;
Fig. 5 is that template assembly is connected to the structural representation hung on muscle;
Fig. 6 is that the A-A of Fig. 5 is to sectional drawing.
Detailed description of the invention
Below in conjunction with the drawings and specific embodiments, the template system that the mouth place that fetches earth in the contrary sequence method that the utility model proposes builds concrete structure is described in further detail.According to explanation below and claims, advantage of the present utility model and feature will be clearer.Below by cited embodiment by reference to the accompanying drawings, technology contents of the present utility model and feature will be described in detail.Need to illustrate in addition, accompanying drawing all adopts the form that simplifies very much and all uses non-ratio accurately, only in order to object that is convenient, aid illustration the utility model embodiment lucidly.For sake of convenience, hereinafter described " on ", D score is consistent with the upper and lower direction of accompanying drawing, but this can not become the restriction of technical solutions of the utility model.
As shown in Figure 1, the present embodiment for Certain Project fetch earth mouth 1 place floor completion construction, be pointed out that, now, the agent structure of F3/B3 completes substantially, be illustrated as the top board 10 of Main Underground body structure, base plate 20, B1 floor 11, underground two floor plate 12 and structural column 13, mouth 1 place that only fetches earth not yet carries out back building construction.Illustrate below in conjunction with Fig. 2 to Fig. 6 in the contrary sequence method of the present embodiment that the mouth place that fetches earth builds the template system 30 of concrete structure, it comprises and is set in parallel in top board 10 and is set up in three of mouth 1 both sides of fetching earth hanging girder steels 31, affixed and form a stable frame construction by three tie-beams 32 between adjacent two hanging girder steels 31; Every root hanging girder steel 31 connects three groups and hangs muscle 33, three template assemblies 34 longitudinally arranged in the mouth 1 that fetches earth successively with hang muscle 33 and be flexibly connected; That is, in each mouth 1 that fetches earth of the present embodiment, 9 roads are set and hang muscle 33, the section area hanging muscle 33 is calculated by construction actual bearer, there is enough rigidity to ensure that stable being arranged at of each template assembly 34 is fetched earth in the underground space of mouth 1, certainly, the quantity of hanging muscle is herein only an example, is not limited thereto; Above-mentioned template assembly 34 offsets with the structural column 13 being positioned at its both sides, and the upper surface of three template assemblies 34 is concordant with the soffit of three corresponding floor plates (top board 10, B1 floor 11, underground two floor plate 12), for providing the construction space of assembling reinforcement and concreting for subsequent layers floor completion construction.
The mouth place that fetches earth in the utility model contrary sequence method builds the template system 30 of concrete structure, utilize the feature that top board 10 supporting capacity of Main Underground body structure is larger, the top board 10 of mouth 1 position that fetches earth arranges supporting capacity and lateral stability all preferably hangs girder steel 31 as carrier bar, and without the need to taking other reinforcement measure, each template assembly 34 is fixed on hanging girder steel 31 by the muscle 33 that hangs run through, therefore, each template assembly 34 and working load to be passed to the top board 31 of mouth 1 both sides of fetching earth by hanging girder steel 31 by hanging muscle 33, adopt hanging girder steel 31 as the skeleton of template system 30, hanging girder steel 31 can adapt to hang requirement that is stressed and distortion well, thus improve the integral rigidity of template system 30, ensure that the stability of template system 30, significantly, compare the mouth that fetches earth at present to build construction 1 time and take the scope of operation mutually, setting up of last layer template need treat that lower floor board concrete hardens and reaches the present situation of designing requirement intensity, template system 30 of the present utility model makes full use of completed Main Underground body structure and sets up as support, the template assembly 34 corresponding due to each floor plate of Main Underground body structure disposablely can complete formwork, and do not take the scope of operation mutually between template assembly 34, thus the assembling reinforcement simultaneously of this template system 30 can be utilized and concreting, thus the disposable completion construction completing each floor plate in the mouth 1 that fetches earth, not only increase operating efficiency, shorten the construction period, and save scaffold set up expense, reduce engineering cost.
As shown in Figure 5 and Figure 6, template assembly 34 comprises supporting frame 34a, and is fixed on the template 34b on supporting frame 34a, hangs muscle 33 and runs through each layer template assembly 34 successively, and each layer template assembly 34 is connected to by fastener 33b and hangs on muscle 33; Utilize dismountable fastener 33b as the strong point of template assembly 34, not only arbitrarily can adjust the position of buckle, can also the height of adjusting template assembly 34 easily, make the assembling of template assembly 34 and positioning action convenient; In addition, the concrete structure of fastener 33b itself is prior art content, repeats no more herein.
Further, above-mentioned supporting frame 34a is made up of some dual-trench type girder steels of be arrangeding in parallel or two involute channel-section steel, supporting frame 34a shown in Fig. 6 is made up of dual-trench type girder steel, dual-trench type girder steel is arranged in opposite directions by two channel-section steels and is welded in one by fixed block, and the web of two channel-section steels forms one for running through the hole hanging muscle 33, the structure of above-mentioned dual-trench type girder steel both ensure that the structural strength of supporting frame 34a, its hole were convenient to again and hang muscle 33 and realize dismountable to be stablely connected; In addition, two involute channel-section steel (not shown)s also can realize the similar effect of above-mentioned dual-trench type girder steel, and two involute channel-section steel is the c-shaped channel-section steel in longitudinal section, and the web of two involute channel-section steel is provided with and somely runs through the installing hole hanging muscle 33.Certainly, dual-trench type girder steel or two involute channel-section steel are only examples herein, also can adopt the component of other similar structures.
As shown in Figure 6, above-mentioned supporting frame 34a also comprises some steel secondary beam 34c arranged in parallel, steel secondary beam 34c and dual-trench type girder steel or two involute channel-section steel and is crisscross arranged.Steel secondary beam 34c arranges the structural strength can strengthening supporting frame 34a entirety on the one hand, meets the rigidity Design requirement of template assembly 34; The template 34b be fixed thereon can be made more smooth, to improve the pouring quality of concrete structure on the other hand.
Better, due to the hole of dual-trench type girder steel or the installing hole of two involute channel-section steel internal diameter with hang the external diameter of muscle 33 and non-fully coordinates, the template assembly 34 be hung on muscle 33 is easily shaken under external force; For realizing hanging the accurate location of muscle 33 in above-mentioned hole or installing hole, as shown in Figure 5, the template system 30 of the present embodiment also comprises the stopping means 33c be installed in hole or installing hole, and stopping means 33c has an internal diameter and the through hole hanging muscle 33 external diameter and match.The concrete structure of above-mentioned stopping means 33c is prior art content, repeats no more herein.
As shown in Figure 4, top is provided with the externally threaded muscle 33 that hangs and runs through hanging girder steel 31, and tightened by double nut 33a, realize hanging muscle 33 to be connected with hanging the stable of girder steel 31, preferably, also be provided with pad between double nut 33a and hanging girder steel 31, play enlarge active surface, reduce member compression and locking effect.
Above-mentioned hanging girder steel 31 can adopt steel beam with box shape or steel I-beam, the preferred steel beam with box shape of the present embodiment, steel beam with box shape refers to that cross section is the beam of box, its closed thin wall section torsional rigidity is very large, its roof and floor all has larger area, can effectively resist positive hogging moment, there is good dynamic characteristics and less shrinkage strain value; In addition, steel I-beam also can be adopted to replace steel beam with box shape, steel I-beam can save material and acquisition is almost comparable to the moment of inertia of the same square-section of outline with bending resistance.
The work progress utilizing the template system 30 of the present embodiment to build concrete structure is described below in conjunction with Fig. 2 to Fig. 6:
One, at the mouth 1 that fetches earth of underground major project, described template system 30 is installed, hanging girder steel 31 is set up in the top layer 10 of Main Underground body structure, three template assemblies 34 longitudinally arranged are arranged to fetch earth in mouth 1, and the two ends of template assembly 34 and structural column 13 offset, the soffit of the floor of the upper surface Main Underground body structure corresponding thereto of template assembly 34 is concordant;
Two, assembling reinforcement simultaneously in three template assemblies 34, makes reinforcing bar affixed with the embedded bar in corresponding floor, and the obtained three pieces of junction plates of Pouring concrete at the same time, and every block junction plate is integrated with corresponding floor consolidation;
Three, after the concrete of each layer junction plate reaches the intensity of designing requirement, stripping system 30, completes the floor completion construction of underground major project.
In conjunction with the feature of reverse construction, engineering progress present situation is slowly caused because setting and harden takies the duration for every floor plate junction concrete structure, the formwork way of the present embodiment to floor junction concrete structure improves, utilize the stable hanging girder steel 31 connected and hang the mode that muscle hangs multiple template assembly 34 for 33 times, realize the disposable formwork of multilayer floor slab junction concrete structure, avoid the phenomenon taking mutually the scope of operation in former construction process, thus it is independent mutually to realize each floor junction concrete structure, the object of synchronous construction, effectively improve efficiency of construction, and shorten the construction period, the method returning fast of mouth that be particularly useful for fetching earth in contrary sequence method builds construction.
Above-mentioned steps two also comprises, on top board 10 and B1 floor 11, reserved watering smashes hole 50, the material pipe 41 of concrete pumping equipment 40 can smash hole 50 through above-mentioned watering successively, so successively concrete slurry is pumped to template assembly 34 place from bottom to top treat casting area; Further, step 3 also comprises, after the intensity that concrete reaches designing requirement, and stripping system 30, and shutoff is watered to smash hole 50 and junction plate is hung muscle hole, completes the construction integrally descending major project.On floor, reserved watering smashes hole 50, and concrete pumping equipment 40 can be avoided the interference of watering the work of smashing, and is convenient to fixing material pipe 41, carrying out smoothly of favourable construction.
Foregoing description is only the description to the utility model preferred embodiment; any restriction not to the utility model scope; any change that the those of ordinary skill in the utility model field does according to above-mentioned disclosure, modification, all belong to the protection domain of claims.

Claims (7)

1. the mouth place that fetches earth in contrary sequence method builds the template system of concrete structure, for carrying out back building construction to the mouth soil of getting of underground agent structure, it is characterized in that, comprise:
Be set in parallel in the top layer of Main Underground body structure and at least two hanging girder steels of mouthful both sides of fetching earth described in being set up in, affixed and form a stable frame construction by tie-beam between adjacent two described hanging girder steels;
Hang described in every root and girder steel connects at least two groups hang muscle;
The some template assemblies longitudinally arranged in the described mouth that fetches earth are flexibly connected with the described muscle that hangs successively;
Described template assembly offsets with the structural column of the described Main Underground body structure being positioned at its both sides, and the upper surface of each described template assembly is concordant with the soffit of the floor of corresponding described Main Underground body structure.
2. template system according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described template assembly comprises supporting frame, and the template be fixed on support frame as described above body, described in hang muscle and run through the described template assembly of each layer successively, hang on muscle described in described template assembly is connected to by fastener.
3. template system according to claim 2, it is characterized in that: support frame as described above body is made up of some dual-trench type girder steels of be arrangeding in parallel or two involute channel-section steel, described dual-trench type girder steel is arranged in opposite directions by two channel-section steels and is welded in one by fixed block, and the web of two described channel-section steels forms one for hanging the hole of muscle described in running through, described two involute channel-section steel is the c-shaped channel-section steel in longitudinal section, and the web of described two involute channel-section steel is provided with the installing hole hanging muscle described in some running through.
4. template system according to claim 3, is characterized in that: support frame as described above body also comprises some steel secondary beams arranged in parallel, and described steel secondary beam and described dual-trench type girder steel or two involute channel-section steel are crisscross arranged.
5. template system according to claim 3, is characterized in that: also comprise the stopping means in the installing hole of hole or the two involute channel-section steel being installed on described dual-trench type girder steel, and described stopping means has an internal diameter and the described through hole hanging muscle external diameter and match.
6. the template system according to any one of claim 1 to 5, is characterized in that: top be provided with externally threaded described in hang muscle and run through described hanging girder steel and tightened by double nut, be also provided with pad between described double nut and described hanging girder steel.
7. the template system according to any one of claim 1 to 5, is characterized in that: described hanging girder steel is steel beam with box shape or steel I-beam.
CN201520551509.5U 2015-07-28 2015-07-28 Mouthful structure concrete structure's of department a template system fetches earth among reverse construction method Withdrawn - After Issue CN204899204U (en)

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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105019645A (en) * 2015-07-28 2015-11-04 上海建工二建集团有限公司 Template system for building concrete structure at earth-taking opening in top-down construction method, and construction method
CN106638683A (en) * 2017-01-26 2017-05-10 上海建工二建集团有限公司 Reverse building method soil sampling opening rapid sealing construction connecting joint and construction method
CN107558729A (en) * 2017-09-11 2018-01-09 上海市城市建设设计研究总院(集团)有限公司 The rear pouring tape construction method that girder is built by the big area roof of post-cast strip

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105019645A (en) * 2015-07-28 2015-11-04 上海建工二建集团有限公司 Template system for building concrete structure at earth-taking opening in top-down construction method, and construction method
CN106638683A (en) * 2017-01-26 2017-05-10 上海建工二建集团有限公司 Reverse building method soil sampling opening rapid sealing construction connecting joint and construction method
CN106638683B (en) * 2017-01-26 2019-04-05 上海建工二建集团有限公司 Contrary sequence method takes the outspoken fast closure construction connecting node of soil and construction method
CN107558729A (en) * 2017-09-11 2018-01-09 上海市城市建设设计研究总院(集团)有限公司 The rear pouring tape construction method that girder is built by the big area roof of post-cast strip

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Granted publication date: 20151223

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