CN204873913U - Handle freezing sublimation apparatus of high salt waste water low temperature - Google Patents

Handle freezing sublimation apparatus of high salt waste water low temperature Download PDF

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Publication number
CN204873913U
CN204873913U CN201520537027.4U CN201520537027U CN204873913U CN 204873913 U CN204873913 U CN 204873913U CN 201520537027 U CN201520537027 U CN 201520537027U CN 204873913 U CN204873913 U CN 204873913U
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China
Prior art keywords
cryogenic freezing
low temperature
unit
salt
vapor condensation
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Withdrawn - After Issue
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CN201520537027.4U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
宋应民
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Zhongshan Environmental Protection Industry Co., Ltd.
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ZHONGSHAN ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION INDUSTRY Co Ltd
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  • Vaporization, Distillation, Condensation, Sublimation, And Cold Traps (AREA)
  • Heat Treatment Of Water, Waste Water Or Sewage (AREA)

Abstract

The utility model discloses a handle the freezing sublimation apparatus of low temperature of high salt waste water, including the freezing unit of a low temperature, a raw materials container, a raw materials precooling processing unit, a refrigeration / hot cell and a vapor condensation unit. Raw materials precooling processing unit carries out the precooling and handles pumping high salt waste water to the freezing unit of low temperature in, on corresponding cold source of refrigeration / hot cell general and heat source are carried and is frozen unit and vapor condensation unit to the warm -cold for the high salt waste water that freezes in the freezing unit of low temperature distils into vapor, realizes water and salt separation simultaneously, and makes the vapor condensation of carrying to the vapor condensation unit in become the aqueous water. Adopt the utility model discloses technical scheme has simple process, high -efficient and characteristics with low costs.

Description

A kind of process high-salt wastewater cryogenic freezing sublimation apparatus
[technical field]
The utility model relates to sewage disposal device, especially a kind of process high-salt wastewater cryogenic freezing sublimation apparatus.
[background technology]
In prior art, in order to the salt in high-salt wastewater is separated with water, the method adopted is various, include chemical precipitation filtration method, multistage flash vaporization, and filtration reverse osmosis method, but adopt aforesaid method to be separated, its complex process, cost is high, is unfavorable for the development of sewage disposal enterprise.
Namely the utility model proposes for the deficiencies in the prior art research.
[utility model content]
The technical problems to be solved in the utility model is to provide a kind of process high-salt wastewater cryogenic freezing sublimation apparatus, utilize sublimation principle, directly high-salt wastewater is distilled as water vapour from solid ice by cryogenic freezing unit, and then the salt in high-salt wastewater is separated with water by arrival, has the advantages that separation efficiency is high, processing step is simple and cost is low.
For solving the problems of the technologies described above, the utility model one process high-salt wastewater cryogenic freezing sublimation apparatus, comprising:
One cryogenic freezing unit, described cryogenic freezing unit comprises the cryogenic freezing groove for splendid attire high-salt wastewater, above described cryogenic freezing groove, rotation is immersed in the low temperature runner in high-salt wastewater bottom being provided with, cryogenic freezing liquid is provided with in described low temperature runner, described cryogenic freezing groove side is provided with the low temperature runner drive-motor for driving low temperature runner to rotate, the case for covering low temperature runner seals to be formed a vacuum-sublimation chamber is also provided with above described cryogenic freezing groove, described case side is provided with the salt collecting mechanism for the salt remained in low temperature wheel surface being struck off collection being connected to low temperature runner,
One material container, supplies high-salt wastewater to be processed for splendid attire and to cryogenic freezing groove, is connected with for being pumped by the high-salt wastewater in material container to the raw material supplying pipeline on cryogenic freezing groove between described material container and cryogenic freezing groove;
One raw material precooling treatment unit, for carrying out pre-cooled process by pumping to the high-salt wastewater on cryogenic freezing groove, described raw material precooling treatment unit to be located between material container with cryogenic freezing groove and to be connected with material container and cryogenic freezing groove respectively by raw material supplying pipeline;
One cooling/heating unit, be connected with between described cooling/heating unit and cryogenic freezing unit for stretch in low temperature runner and be immersed in cryogenic freezing liquid with reduce low temperature runner temperature the first refrigerating coil and for stretching in vacuum-sublimation chamber to improve the hot dry air pipeline of vacuum-sublimation chamber room temp; And
One water vapor condensation unit, be connected with between described water vapor condensation unit and cryogenic freezing unit and stretch into the water vapour of distillation to be pumped the moisture vapor transport pipeline to water vapor condensation unit in vacuum-sublimation chamber, described cooling/heating unit be also connected with the second refrigerating coil between water vapor condensation unit so that the water vapor condensation in water vapor condensation unit is become liquid.
Described water vapor condensation unit and raw material precooling treatment unit are directly connected with condensing water conduit, and described raw material precooling treatment unit is also connected with the Rinsing Area for collecting water of condensation.
Described water vapor condensation unit is also connected with common refrigeration and heat radiator.
Described salt collecting mechanism comprises the scraper plate be obliquely installed, described scraper plate upper end is connected to low temperature wheel surface and when low temperature runner rotates to strike off on low temperature runner residual salt, the collecting board for collecting the salt along scraper plate landing is provided with below described scraper plate lower end, in the middle part of described collecting board and lagging hinge, described collecting board toward the outer side one end is provided with counterweight, and described collecting board is provided with the travelling belt for carrying salt below inner opposite end.
Described moisture vapor transport pipeline stretches in vacuum-sublimation chamber from case top.
Described cooling/heating unit is Cryo Refrigerator.
Compared with prior art, the utility model tool has the following advantages:
1, be immersed in high-salt wastewater bottom low temperature runner, cryogenic freezing liquid is provided with in low temperature runner, after low temperature runner outside surface rotates and departs from low temperature rotation slot, the high-salt wastewater dipped on low temperature runner then becomes solid ice, in vacuum-sublimation chamber, the moisture content of solid ice is water vapour with distillation in low temperature runner rotation process, and salt is remained on low temperature runner, when low temperature runner turns to opposite side, the salt remained on low temperature runner then strikes off by salt collecting mechanism, has the advantages that efficiency is high, technique is simple and cost is low.
2, high-salt wastewater first carries out precooling treatment through raw material precooling treatment unit, and the low-temperature receiver in raw material precooling treatment unit comes from water vapor condensation unit, recycles, has characteristics of energy saving.
[accompanying drawing explanation]
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing, embodiment of the present utility model is described in further detail, wherein:
Fig. 1 is utility model plane syndeton schematic diagram.
[embodiment]
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing, embodiment of the present utility model is elaborated.
The utility model one process high-salt wastewater cryogenic freezing sublimation apparatus, comprises cryogenic freezing unit 1, material container 7, raw material precooling treatment unit 9, cooling/heating unit 10 and a water vapor condensation unit 13.Raw material precooling treatment unit 9 carries out precooling treatment to pumping to the high-salt wastewater in cryogenic freezing unit 1, corresponding low-temperature receiver and thermal source are delivered on warm freezing unit 1 and water vapor condensation unit 13 by cooling/heating unit 10, the high-salt wastewater frozen in cryogenic freezing unit 1 is made to be sublimed into water vapour, realize water to be separated with salt, and make the water vapor condensation be delivered in water vapor condensation unit 13 become liquid water.Adopt technical solutions of the utility model, there is simple, the efficient and feature that cost is low of technique.
Described cryogenic freezing unit 1 comprises the cryogenic freezing groove 2 for splendid attire high-salt wastewater, above described cryogenic freezing groove 2, rotation is immersed in the low temperature runner 3 in high-salt wastewater bottom being provided with, cryogenic freezing liquid 31 is filled with in low temperature runner 3, when dipping in the high-salt wastewater bottom low temperature runner 3 and turning to disengaging high-salt wastewater liquid level, then build-up ice, described cryogenic freezing groove 2 side is provided with the low temperature runner drive-motor 32 for driving low temperature runner 3 to rotate, the case 5 for covering low temperature runner 3 sealing to be formed a vacuum-sublimation chamber 4 is also provided with above described cryogenic freezing groove 2, moisture content in solid ice on low temperature runner 3 distils as water vapour in vacuum-sublimation chamber 4, and salt is remained on low temperature runner 3, described case 5 side is provided with the salt collecting mechanism 6 for the salt remained on low temperature runner 3 surface being struck off collection being connected to low temperature runner 3, and then realize the salt in high-salt wastewater and water to carry out high efficiency separation.
Described material container 7 supplies high-salt wastewater to be processed for splendid attire and to cryogenic freezing groove 2, is connected with for pumping the high-salt wastewater in material container 7 to the raw material supplying pipeline 8 on cryogenic freezing groove 2 between described material container 7 and cryogenic freezing groove 2.
Described raw material precooling treatment unit 9 is for carrying out pre-cooled process by pumping to the high-salt wastewater on cryogenic freezing groove 2, improve pre-cold efficiency, described raw material precooling treatment unit 9 to be located between material container 7 with cryogenic freezing groove 2 and to be connected with material container 7 and cryogenic freezing groove 2 respectively by raw material supplying pipeline 8.
Be connected with for stretch in low temperature runner 3 and to be immersed in cryogenic freezing liquid 31 to reduce the first refrigerating coil 11 of low temperature runner 3 temperature and interior to improve the hot dry air pipeline 12 of temperature in vacuum-sublimation chamber 4 for stretching into vacuum-sublimation chamber 4 between described cooling/heating unit 10 and cryogenic freezing unit 1, first refrigerating coil 11 stretches in low temperature runner 3, by cryogenic freezing liquid 31, the high-salt wastewater dipped on low temperature runner 3 surface is congealed into ice, and stretch into and heat pipeline 12 in vacuum-sublimation chamber 4, then for improving the temperature in vacuum-sublimation chamber 4, improve ice cube distillation efficiency on low temperature runner 3.
Be connected with between described water vapor condensation unit 13 and cryogenic freezing unit 1 and stretch into the water vapour of distillation to be pumped the moisture vapor transport pipeline 14 to water vapor condensation unit 13 in vacuum-sublimation chamber 4, described cooling/heating unit 10 be also connected with the second refrigerating coil 15 between water vapor condensation unit 13 so that the water vapor condensation in water vapor condensation unit 13 is become liquid.
The cold air produced by water vapor condensation unit 13 is connected with or water of condensation is delivered on raw material precooling treatment unit 9 to carry out the condensing water conduit 16 of precooling to the high-salt wastewater in raw material precooling treatment unit 9 between described water vapor condensation unit 13 and raw material precooling treatment unit 9.Realizing carrying out precooling to pumping to the high-salt wastewater in cryogenic freezing groove 2 by raw material precooling treatment unit 9, improving cooling efficiency.
Can lagging material be filled with in described case 5, ensure the temperature-stable in vacuum-sublimation chamber 4.
Described moisture vapor transport pipeline 14 stretches in vacuum-sublimation chamber 4 from case 5 top, effectively to collect and by the moisture vapor transport in vacuum-sublimation chamber 4 in water vapor condensation unit 13.
Described salt collecting mechanism 6 comprises the scraper plate 61 be obliquely installed, described scraper plate 61 upper end be connected to low temperature runner 3 surface and when low temperature runner 3 rotates with strike off on low temperature runner 3 remain salt, the collecting board 62 for collecting the salt along scraper plate 61 landing is provided with below described scraper plate 61 lower end, hinged with case 5 in the middle part of described collecting board 62, described collecting board 62 toward the outer side one end is provided with counterweight 63, and described collecting board 62 is provided with the travelling belt 64 for carrying salt below inner opposite end.After the salt that collecting board 62 is collected reaches certainweight, according to lever principle, salt on collecting board 62 then prizes collecting board 62 and overcomes the moment of counterweight 63 and the pin joint rotation on it, to be poured on travelling belt 64 by the salt on it, salt is delivered on corresponding station by transmission belt 64.
During utility model works, high-salt wastewater pours into in material container 7, by raw material supplying pipeline 8 first raw material precooling treatment unit 9, then be delivered in cryogenic freezing groove 2, its Raw precooling treatment unit 9 utilizes the liquid water produced in water vapor condensation unit 13 to carry out precooling; Low temperature runner drive-motor 32 then drives low temperature runner 3 to rotate by chain or belt, the high-salt wastewater dipped in bottom low temperature runner 3 rotates with it and leaves high-salt wastewater liquid level, first refrigerating coil 11 and cryogenic freezing liquid 31 pairs of low temperature runners 3 freeze, and the high-salt wastewater dipped on low temperature runner 3 are solidified icing; Heat additionally by hot dry air pipeline 12 pairs of vacuum-sublimation chambers 4, accelerate moisture content distillation on low temperature runner 3 in solid ice for water vapour and being remained in by salt on low temperature runner 3, above-mentioned water vapour is pumped in water vapor condensation unit 13 by 14, moisture vapor transport pipeline, be liquefied as liquid water by the second refrigerating coil 15, this liquid water is delivered to raw material precooling treatment unit 9 pairs of high-salt wastewaters by condensing water conduit 16 again and carries out precooling; When salt residual on low temperature runner 3 turns to scraper plate 61 side, salt on low temperature runner 3 then strikes off by scraper plate 61 upper end, and along scraper plate 61 landing on collecting board 62, after the salt that collecting board 62 is collected reaches certainweight, according to lever principle, salt on collecting board 62 then prizes collecting board 62 and overcomes the moment of counterweight 63 and the pin joint rotation on it, and to be poured on travelling belt 64 by the salt on it, salt is delivered on corresponding station by transmission belt 64.Circulation like this, realize the salt in high-salt wastewater to be separated efficiently, and technique is simple, cost is low.

Claims (7)

1. process a high-salt wastewater cryogenic freezing sublimation apparatus, it is characterized in that comprising:
One cryogenic freezing unit (1), described cryogenic freezing unit (1) comprises the cryogenic freezing groove (2) for splendid attire high-salt wastewater, described cryogenic freezing groove (2) top is immersed in the low temperature runner (3) in high-salt wastewater bottom rotating and being provided with, cryogenic freezing liquid (31) is provided with in described low temperature runner (3), described cryogenic freezing groove (2) side is provided with the low temperature runner drive-motor (32) for driving low temperature runner (3) to rotate, described cryogenic freezing groove (2) top is also provided with the case (5) for covering low temperature runner (3) sealing to be formed a vacuum-sublimation chamber (4), described case (5) side is provided with the salt collecting mechanism (6) for the salt remained on low temperature runner (3) surface being struck off collection being connected to low temperature runner (3),
One material container (7), supplying high-salt wastewater to be processed for splendid attire and to cryogenic freezing groove (2), being connected with for the high-salt wastewater in material container (7) being pumped to the raw material supplying pipeline (8) on cryogenic freezing groove (2) between described material container (7) and cryogenic freezing groove (2);
One raw material precooling treatment unit (9), for the high-salt wastewater pumped on cryogenic freezing groove (2) is carried out pre-cooled process, described raw material precooling treatment unit (9) to be located between material container (7) with cryogenic freezing groove (2) and to be connected with material container (7) and cryogenic freezing groove (2) respectively by raw material supplying pipeline (8);
One cooling/heating unit (10), be connected with between described cooling/heating unit (10) and cryogenic freezing unit (1) for stretch in low temperature runner (3) and be immersed in cryogenic freezing liquid (31) with reduce low temperature runner (3) temperature the first refrigerating coil (11) and for stretching in vacuum-sublimation chamber (4) to improve the hot dry air pipeline (12) of vacuum-sublimation chamber (4) interior temperature; And
One water vapor condensation unit (13), be connected with between described water vapor condensation unit (13) and cryogenic freezing unit (1) and stretch into the water vapour of distillation to be pumped the moisture vapor transport pipeline (14) to water vapor condensation unit (13) in vacuum-sublimation chamber (4), described cooling/heating unit (10) be also connected with the second refrigerating coil (15) (15) between water vapor condensation unit (13) so that the water vapor condensation in water vapor condensation unit (13) is become liquid.
2. by process high-salt wastewater cryogenic freezing sublimation apparatus a kind of described in claim 1, it is characterized in that described water vapor condensation unit (13) and raw material precooling treatment unit (9) are directly connected with condensing water conduit (16), described raw material precooling treatment unit (9) is also connected with the Rinsing Area (17) for collecting water of condensation.
3., by process high-salt wastewater cryogenic freezing sublimation apparatus a kind of described in claim 1, it is characterized in that described water vapor condensation unit (13) also connects common refrigeration and heat radiator (18).
4., by process high-salt wastewater cryogenic freezing sublimation apparatus a kind of described in claim 2, it is characterized in that described water vapor condensation unit (13) is also connected with common refrigeration and heat radiator (18).
5. by process high-salt wastewater cryogenic freezing sublimation apparatus a kind of described in any one of Claims 1-4, it is characterized in that described salt collecting mechanism (6) comprises the scraper plate (61) be obliquely installed, described scraper plate (61) upper end is connected to low temperature runner (3) surface and goes up residual salt when low temperature runner (3) rotates to strike off low temperature runner (3), the collecting board (62) for collecting along the salt of scraper plate (61) landing is provided with below described scraper plate (61) lower end, described collecting board (62) middle part is hinged with case (5), described collecting board (62) toward the outer side one end is provided with counterweight (63), described collecting board (62) is provided with the travelling belt (64) for carrying salt below inner opposite end.
6., by process high-salt wastewater cryogenic freezing sublimation apparatus a kind of described in claim 1, it is characterized in that described moisture vapor transport pipeline (14) is stretched in vacuum-sublimation chamber (4) from case (5) top.
7., by process high-salt wastewater cryogenic freezing sublimation apparatus a kind of described in claim 1, it is characterized in that described cooling/heating unit (10) is Cryo Refrigerator.
CN201520537027.4U 2015-07-22 2015-07-22 Handle freezing sublimation apparatus of high salt waste water low temperature Withdrawn - After Issue CN204873913U (en)

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105036228A (en) * 2015-07-22 2015-11-11 中山环保产业股份有限公司 Low temperature freezing and sublimating equipment for treating high-salinity wastewater

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105036228A (en) * 2015-07-22 2015-11-11 中山环保产业股份有限公司 Low temperature freezing and sublimating equipment for treating high-salinity wastewater
CN105036228B (en) * 2015-07-22 2017-06-13 中山市环保产业有限公司 A kind of cryogenic freezing sublimation apparatus for processing high-salt wastewater

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C56 Change in the name or address of the patentee
CP03 Change of name, title or address

Address after: 528400 Guangdong city of Zhongshan province Sun Wendong road Hongxing first Gilbert building two floor

Patentee after: Zhongshan Environmental Protection Industry Co., Ltd.

Address before: 528400 Guangdong province Zhongshan Torch Development Zone Sun Wendong road Hongxing first Gilbert building two floor

Patentee before: ZHONGSHAN ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION INDUSTRY COMPANY LIMITED

AV01 Patent right actively abandoned
AV01 Patent right actively abandoned

Granted publication date: 20151216

Effective date of abandoning: 20170613