CN204848979U - Copper smelting furnace - Google Patents

Copper smelting furnace Download PDF

Info

Publication number
CN204848979U
CN204848979U CN201520523064.XU CN201520523064U CN204848979U CN 204848979 U CN204848979 U CN 204848979U CN 201520523064 U CN201520523064 U CN 201520523064U CN 204848979 U CN204848979 U CN 204848979U
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
heater
dog
house
discharge port
copper smelter
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Active
Application number
CN201520523064.XU
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
柴满林
孟凡伟
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Jinguan Copper Industry Branch of Tongling Nonferrous Metals Group Holding Co Ltd
Original Assignee
Jinguan Copper Industry Branch of Tongling Nonferrous Metals Group Holding Co Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Jinguan Copper Industry Branch of Tongling Nonferrous Metals Group Holding Co Ltd filed Critical Jinguan Copper Industry Branch of Tongling Nonferrous Metals Group Holding Co Ltd
Priority to CN201520523064.XU priority Critical patent/CN204848979U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN204848979U publication Critical patent/CN204848979U/en
Active legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

Links

Abstract

The utility model provides a copper smelting furnace, the effective smoke and dust of throwing the material and producing that restraines of this furnace body, the while dog -house is difficult for the coking and warp, improves reaction efficiency. To achieve the purpose, the utility model provides a: a copper smelting furnace, includes furnace body, its characterized in that: dog -house on the furnace body is located the furnace body top. According to above -mentioned technical scheme: arrange the dog -house in the furnace body top, but the material has reduced the condition that the material flew upward in dog -house free fall gets into the stove, the material that forms the flue gas so will reduce, and corresponding smoke and dust rate is reduced, because furnace body top flue -gas temperature is high, furnace body top back is arranged in to the dog -house in addition, and the dog -house is difficult for the coking and warp.

Description

A kind of copper smelter
Technical field
The utility model relates to Copper making field, specifically relates to a kind of copper smelter.
Background technology
As shown in Figure 1, noranda furnace is a rotatable body of heater 10 of horizontal cylinder shape, it is a kind of typical bath smelting equipment, the 16Mn coil of strip system that cylindrical shell 50mm is thick forms, liner magnesium chromium refractory brick, body of heater 10 is supported on support roller 20, can within the specific limits around body of heater axial rotation under motor 30 drives.Noranda furnace is the furnace binding be widely used in existing copper melting operation, noranda furnace is roughly divided into reaction zone I and settling region II along body of heater 10 length direction, wherein dog-house 11 is closed in reaction zone I, settling region II is near tail end discharge gate, the copper ore concentrates will prepared during melting, slag concentrate, copper-contained material, the solid fuel of flux and concurrent heating is sent to throwing machine 50 through endless belt conveyor 40, welding pool reacting zone I in stove is thrown from throwing machine 50 from the dog-house 11 of body of heater termination, sidewall of the furnace body offers blast orifice 12, fierce oxidizing reaction and slag making reaction is carried out in body of heater 10, the a large amount of heat energy discharged make furnace charge be heated to melt to produce matte and the slag of GOOD TASTE.Matte puts into matte bag from matte discharge outlet 14, then is sent to and bessemerizes; Slag enters cinder ladle from stove tail end slag discharge outlet 13, is then sent to slag slow cooling field cooling, broken, then transports to and select factory to select slag concentrate and tailings.This furnace binding is positioned at the end of body of heater, so there is following technological deficiency due to dog-house: 1, material need be thrown toward in stove through throwing machine, and material flies upward, and fume amount is large; 2, material casting is concentrated, and can not throw all regions of reaction zone I, reaction efficiency is low; 3, the easy coking of dog-house, needs to spend the regular hour to clear up, affects operating rate, and phase distortion is serious after manufacture for dog-house in addition, and material casting efficiency is not high, and leak material many, operating environment is poor.
Summary of the invention
The utility model provides a kind of copper smelter, and this body of heater effectively suppresses the flue dust produced that feeds intake, and dog-house not easily coking distortion simultaneously, improves reaction efficiency.
To achieve these goals, the technical scheme that the utility model adopts is: a kind of copper smelter, comprises body of heater, it is characterized in that: the dog-house on described body of heater is positioned at above body of heater.
According to technique scheme: dog-house is placed in above body of heater, material can enter in stove by freely falling body through dog-house, decrease the situation that material flies upward, the material so forming flue gas will reduce, corresponding dust rate is lowered, in addition because flue-gas temperature above body of heater is high, dog-house is placed in after above body of heater, dog-house not easily coking distortion.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is existing noranda furnace structural representation;
Fig. 2 is the utility model structure one schematic diagram;
Fig. 3 is 1 enlarged view under Fig. 2 discharge port closing condition;
Fig. 4 is 1 enlarged view under Fig. 2 discharge port opened condition;
Fig. 5 is the utility model structure two schematic diagram;
Fig. 6 is 1 enlarged view under Fig. 5 discharge port closing condition;
Fig. 7 is 1 enlarged view under Fig. 5 discharge port opened condition;
Fig. 8 is the utility model structure three schematic diagram;
Fig. 9 is 1 enlarged view under Fig. 8 discharge port closing condition;
Figure 10 is 1 enlarged view under Fig. 8 discharge port opened condition.
Embodiment
A kind of copper smelter, comprise body of heater 10, the dog-house 11 on described body of heater 10 is positioned at above body of heater 10.Be placed in by dog-house 11 above body of heater 10, material can enter in stove by freely falling body through dog-house 11, decreases the situation that material flies upward, and the material so forming flue gas will reduce, and corresponding dust rate is lowered; In addition because flue-gas temperature above body of heater 10 is high, dog-house 11 is placed in after above body of heater 10, dog-house 11 not easily coking distortion; Moreover dog-house 11 is positioned at above body of heater 10, material evenly can be thrown in reaction zone I when feeding intake, improve reaction efficiency; In addition, eliminate material casting mechanism, save great deal of investment and maintenance cost.
Further technical scheme, described body of heater 10 is tubular, and the horizontal layout of described body of heater 10, described dog-house 11 is positioned at the furnace wall place above body of heater.The overall profile of this body of heater 10 and decoration form can be similar to noranda furnace, but in this programme, dog-house 11 is positioned at the furnace wall place above body of heater 10, and its effect has been described in detail in the preceding paragraph, repeats no more herein.
Further technical scheme, described dog-house 11 place is furnished with automatic-sealed feeding device 20.Described automatic-sealed feeding device 20 can be fed intake in body of heater 10 by dog-house 11, feed intake after terminating simultaneously and can carry out sealing treatment to dog-house 11, ensure that body of heater 10 is inner to cut off with external environment, this automatic-sealed feeding device 20 effectively can stop the situation that body of heater 10 leaks out, in stove, negative pressure is easy to control, simultaneously because body of heater 10 stopping property when burning improves, heat output is fully utilized, the fuel consumed significantly reduces, heat deadweight loss is few, and flue gas environment around improves.
Further technical scheme, the top of described body of heater 10 reaction zone I is evenly provided with 3 dog-houses 11, and described dog-house 11 place is correspondingly provided with described automatic-sealed feeding device 20.That is the furnace wall place above reaction zone I evenly can be provided with multiple dog-house 11, specifically arranges and severally can carry out assessment and determine according to the structure of body of heater, length, be arranged in equably in reaction zone I be as the criterion with material as dog-house 11.Be preferably 3 in this programme, in the program, dog-house 11 feeds intake evenly, can enhance production capacities, raise labour productivity, meet Production requirement.
More specifically technical scheme, described automatic-sealed feeding device 20 comprises feed hopper 21 and automatic seal door 22, the discharge port 211 of described feed hopper 21 is communicated with the dog-house 11 of body of heater 10, described discharge port 211 place is hinged is provided with automatic seal door 22, described jointed shaft is horizontally disposed, automatically open by material impact when described automatic seal door 22 feeds intake, material is automatically closed by rear automatic seal door 22 and is cut off with extraneous body of heater 10 inside.Here automatic seal door 22 is by self gravitation or the closure function realizing itself and discharge port 211 by increasing counterweight.Wherein feed hopper 21 and automatic seal door 22 can have multiple decoration form, when automatic seal door 22 is arranged vertically, as illustrated in figs. 2-7, material impact automatic seal door, automatic seal door 22 upwards rotates around jointed shaft and is opened, material can be closed voluntarily by rear automatic seal door 22 under self gravitation effect, in the underweight situation of door-plate 221 of automatic seal door 22, door-plate 221 can be made to be fitted in discharge port 211 place by increase counterweight 222 and realize closing function; When automatic seal door 22 is horizontally disposed, as seen in figs. 8-10, material impact automatic seal door 22, automatic seal door 22 rotates around jointed shaft and is opened, material is fitted in discharge port 211 place by the door-plate 221 of rear automatic seal door 22 and realizes closing function under the action of gravity of counterweight 222, and this counterweight 222 is arranged on the jointed shaft place of door-plate 221.Above several optimal way automatic seal door 22 automatically open and closing function effect best, certainly also have other decoration form, can realize above-mentioned functions equally, no longer citing describes herein.
Further technical scheme, as illustrated in figs. 2-7, described discharge port 211 to be positioned on feed hopper 21 sidewall and to be positioned at vertical, and described jointed shaft is positioned at the top of discharge port 211 and concordant with the face, place of discharge port 211.That is automatic seal door 22 is also arranged along vertical, it is naturally fitted with discharge port 211 under gravity and realizes sealing effectiveness, when material is by discharge port 211, under the shock action of material, automatic seal door 22 upwards rotates around jointed shaft and is opened, the input that such decoration form is beneficial to material is on the one hand smooth and easy, and the sealing effectiveness in addition after material input between automatic seal door 22 and discharge port 211 is also fine.
When the discharge port 211 of feed hopper 21 is positioned at vertical layout, more concrete technical scheme is: described discharge port 211 is positioned at outside body of heater 10, sealing box cover 23 is provided with between described discharge port 211 and dog-house 11, one side of described sealing box cover 23 is communicated with the discharge port 211 of feed hopper 21, the bottom surface of described sealing box cover 23 communicates with the dog-house 11 of body of heater, described automatic seal door 22 comprises door-plate 221 and is connected to the counterweight 222 on door-plate 221 plate face, and this counterweight 222 is positioned at the side that door-plate 221 communicates with dog-house 11.Namely material enters sealing box cover 23 by the discharge port 211 of feed hopper 21, and then it is inner to fall into body of heater 10 by the dog-house 11 of the body of heater 10 of sealing box cover 23 bottom surface.By sealing box cover 23, by feed hopper 21, discharge port 211 and corresponding with the use of automatic seal door 22 be all arranged on the outside of body of heater 10, such decoration form, is convenient to maintenance or changes when above-mentioned parts are damaged, be also more conducive to the stable of structure simultaneously.Wherein the selection of dog-house 11 place sealing box cover 23 and door-plate 221 can be copper material, and it is high temperature resistant, and internal structure is stablized, and is not easy to be damaged.
Further technical scheme, described automatic-sealed feeding device also comprises the reinforced belt conveyor 24 being positioned at and arranging above feed hopper 21, and described reinforced belt conveyor 24 is provided with to the reinforced dumping device 25 of feed hopper.Namely by reinforced belt conveyor 24 automatically by mass transport to the top of feed hopper 21, and by dumping device 25, material is put in feed hopper 21 automatically, owing to being provided with multiple dog-house 11 above body of heater, so corresponding dumping device 25 can correspondence arrange multiple, can realize feeding intake simultaneously, increase work efficiency.
Described body of heater 10 is supported on support roller 30 and body of heater 10 can rotate around self axial reciprocating.Namely body of heater 10 is under driven by motor effect, and support roller 30 rotates around self axial reciprocating, and can make the abundant mix and blend of material, accelerated reaction, enhances productivity.
Above described body of heater 10, furnace wall place is provided with smoke outlet, described smoke outlet is communicated with extraction hood 40, sidewall near body of heater 10 one end is provided with along the axial arranged some blast orifices 12 of body of heater 10, side-walls near body of heater 10 the other end is provided with charging thimble 14, the described body of heater the other end is provided with slag discharge outlet 13, the level height of described charging thimble 14 is lower than the level height of slag discharge outlet 13, and the two ends of described body of heater are provided with insulation burner 15.The copper smelter Smelting Effect of said structure is good, efficiency is high.

Claims (10)

1. a copper smelter, comprises body of heater (10), it is characterized in that: the dog-house (11) on described body of heater (10) is positioned at body of heater (10) top.
2. a kind of copper smelter as claimed in claim 1, is characterized in that: described body of heater (10) is tubular, described body of heater (10) horizontal layout, and described dog-house (11) is positioned at the furnace wall place above body of heater.
3. a kind of copper smelter as claimed in claim 1 or 2, is characterized in that: described dog-house (11) place is furnished with automatic-sealed feeding device (20).
4. a kind of copper smelter as claimed in claim 3, it is characterized in that: the top of described body of heater (10) reaction zone (I) is evenly provided with 2-5 dog-house (11), and described dog-house (11) place is correspondingly provided with described automatic-sealed feeding device (20).
5. a kind of copper smelter as claimed in claim 3, it is characterized in that: described automatic-sealed feeding device (20) comprises feed hopper (21) and automatic seal door (22), the discharge port (211) of described feed hopper (21) is communicated with the dog-house (11) of body of heater (10), described discharge port (211) place is hinged is provided with automatic seal door (22), described jointed shaft is horizontally disposed, automatically open by material impact when described automatic seal door (22) feeds intake, material is automatically closed by rear automatic seal door (22) and is cut off with extraneous body of heater (10) inside.
6. a kind of copper smelter as claimed in claim 5, it is characterized in that: described discharge port (211) to be positioned on feed hopper (21) sidewall and to be positioned at vertical, described jointed shaft is positioned at the top of discharge port (211) and concordant with the face, place of discharge port (211).
7. a kind of copper smelter as claimed in claim 6, it is characterized in that: described discharge port (211) is positioned at body of heater (10) outside, sealing box cover (23) is provided with between described discharge port (211) and dog-house (11), one side of described sealing box cover (23) is communicated with the discharge port (211) of feed hopper (21), the bottom surface of described sealing box cover (23) communicates with the dog-house (11) of body of heater, described automatic seal door (22) comprises door-plate (221) and is connected to the counterweight (222) on door-plate (221) plate face, this counterweight (222) is positioned at the side that door-plate (221) communicates with dog-house (11).
8. a kind of copper smelter as claimed in claim 5, it is characterized in that: described automatic-sealed feeding device also comprises the reinforced belt conveyor (24) being positioned at feed hopper (21) top and arranging, and described reinforced belt conveyor (24) is provided with to the reinforced dumping device (25) of feed hopper.
9. a kind of copper smelter as claimed in claim 2, is characterized in that: described body of heater (10) is supported on the upper and body of heater (10) of support roller (30) and can rotates around self axial reciprocating.
10. a kind of copper smelter as claimed in claim 2, it is characterized in that: furnace wall place, described body of heater (10) top is provided with smoke outlet, described smoke outlet is communicated with extraction hood (40), sidewall near body of heater (10) one end is provided with along the axial arranged some blast orifices (12) of body of heater (10), side-walls near body of heater (10) the other end is provided with charging thimble (14), the described body of heater the other end is provided with slag discharge outlet (13), the level height of described charging thimble (14) is lower than the level height of slag discharge outlet (13), the two ends of described body of heater are provided with insulation burner (15).
CN201520523064.XU 2015-07-15 2015-07-15 Copper smelting furnace Active CN204848979U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201520523064.XU CN204848979U (en) 2015-07-15 2015-07-15 Copper smelting furnace

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201520523064.XU CN204848979U (en) 2015-07-15 2015-07-15 Copper smelting furnace

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN204848979U true CN204848979U (en) 2015-12-09

Family

ID=54739548

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201520523064.XU Active CN204848979U (en) 2015-07-15 2015-07-15 Copper smelting furnace

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN204848979U (en)

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105002369A (en) * 2015-07-15 2015-10-28 铜陵有色金属集团股份有限公司金冠铜业分公司 Copper smelting furnace

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105002369A (en) * 2015-07-15 2015-10-28 铜陵有色金属集团股份有限公司金冠铜业分公司 Copper smelting furnace

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
CN2841673Y (en) Regenerated aluminium smelter hearth
CN105202907B (en) Scrap steel preheating type electric arc furnaces and the method for improving side wall charging electric arc stove heat cold-zone
CN2906510Y (en) Horizontal continuous-charging scrap preheating device for electric arc steel smelting furnace
CN210394421U (en) Continuous feeding device is preheated to scrap steel
CN202254865U (en) On-line alloy baking device for steel making
CN102417993A (en) Novel melting blow-in method of oxygen-rich side-blown molten pool
CN104561594A (en) Tin smelting liquation furnace
CN203976893U (en) Monobasic stove copper smelting device
CN204848979U (en) Copper smelting furnace
CN205361565U (en) Special indisputable ore crushing device of blast furnace process
CN105002369A (en) Copper smelting furnace
CN214599218U (en) Impurity removing mechanism for iron making
CN201858897U (en) Charge preheating and dust removing device of intermediate-frequency furnace
CN212620035U (en) Electric arc furnace
CN212133278U (en) Energy-saving zinc alloy casting furnace
CN208472142U (en) A kind of steelmaking equipment
CN209890706U (en) Efficient living beings melt aluminium stove
CN210085537U (en) Smelting device for antimony-zinc-lead-containing concentrate
CN207391472U (en) A kind of fusion reducing furnace
CN204474737U (en) Tin smelts liquating furnace
CN203700463U (en) Horizontal rotary furnace for smelting noble metal
CN207006866U (en) A kind of RKEF nickel alloys ore-smelting electric furnace feeding dust pelletizing system
CN210570034U (en) Scrap iron preheating device based on flue gas waste heat of electric furnace
CN109880959A (en) A method of improving converter steel scrap adding proportion
CN201974038U (en) Improved structure of heat accumulating type gas aluminum melting furnace

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
C14 Grant of patent or utility model
GR01 Patent grant