CN204837935U - Horizontal ring molding grain mechanism of living beings - Google Patents

Horizontal ring molding grain mechanism of living beings Download PDF

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Publication number
CN204837935U
CN204837935U CN201520348357.9U CN201520348357U CN204837935U CN 204837935 U CN204837935 U CN 204837935U CN 201520348357 U CN201520348357 U CN 201520348357U CN 204837935 U CN204837935 U CN 204837935U
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China
Prior art keywords
ring mould
pressure roller
living beings
ring
cutter
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CN201520348357.9U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
朱月润
叶敏
卢妙云
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Dongguan Saint New Energy Environmental Protection Technology Co., Ltd.
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Chongqing Yongxu Shengke Biological Energy Investment Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201520348357.9U priority Critical patent/CN204837935U/en
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Abstract

The utility model discloses a horizontal ring molding grain mechanism of living beings, include the box and set up the case lid on the box, be equipped with bearing, compression roller assembly and actuating mechanism in the box, the compression roller assembly comprises compression roller axle, eccentric cover and compression roller, be equipped with the ring mould on the case lid, just the independent space body between ring mould and the compression roller constitutes suppresses the room, in suppress the indoor stock guide that sets up, just personally experience sth. Part of the body and constitute ejection of compact room in independent space between ring mould and the safety cover, in indoor cutter unit spare and the cutter drive assembly of setting up of the ejection of compact. Motion mode through changing the ring mould is quiescent condition from the rotary motion state change of vertical ring molding grain mechanism promptly, the rotary motion state is changed into from the quiescent condition of vertical ring molding grain mechanism promptly to motion mode through changing the planet carrier, at least second gear speed change mechanism is add through the actuating mechanism input, the rotational speed of compression roller assembly can be adjusted to reaching and reducing this type of mechanism to the requirement of raw materials moisture content with ring mould compression ratio, granule shaping degree and uniformity obviously improve, and raw materials adaptability is wider, and granule shaping degree and uniformity are more excellent.

Description

Living beings horizontal ring die granulation mechanism
Technical field
The present invention relates to granulator design field, particularly relate to a kind of grain mechanism, more relate to a kind of living beings horizontal ring die granulation mechanism being applied to feed making industry.
Background technology
Existing traditional biomass forming machine is all developed by fodder machine, generally adopt following structure: comprise frame and ring mould, one end radial direction of ring mould is provided with feeding-passage, described ring mould is connected through transmission system dynamical system after deceleration, at least one pressure roller assembly is provided with in ring mould, pressure roller is installed in rotation on pressure roller fixed mechanism, during work, ring mould rotates, material enters in ring mould from feeding-passage, moved by ring modular belt, constantly pass between pressure roller and ring mould, under pressure roller extruding, material is removed to be extruded from discharge opening, granular material is formed after dividend cutter cuts off.
Its weak point of technique scheme is:
1. pressure roller assembly (inside having bearing) continues to work under the indoor high temperature and high pressure environment of compacting, can not dispel the heat, and needs continuous grease up could normal work and bearing frequent breakage, so that equipment can not continuous operation and use cost remain high;
2. the gap adjusting pressure roller and ring intermode must be carried out under the state of shutting down, and needs repeatedly startup-shutdown just can be adjusted to accurate location, wastes time and energy.
For effectively solving the problems of the technologies described above, applicant has applied for that the patent No. is: the patent of invention of 201510183234.9 before this, and patent name is: " biomass upright ring die pelletizing mechanism ", efficiently solves above-mentioned technical problem.But; when ring mould and pressure roller relative rotation speed certain; the principal element of material forming is raw aqueous rate, ring mould compression ratio, raw material granularity etc.; material moisture content and more ring change mould (ring mould only has a compression ratio) long-term production cost is controlled for reducing; realize reducing this mechanism to raw aqueous rate and the requirement of ring mould compression ratio by change ring mould and pressure roller relative rotation speed; vertical type ring mould granulation mechanism due to ring mould be rotary motion; therefore shaping rear particle easy natural fracture under centrifugal action, cause finished product uniformity poor.
Summary of the invention
The object of the present invention is to provide a kind of living beings horizontal ring die granulation mechanism, effectively solve the problems of the technologies described above.
For effectively solving the problems of the technologies described above, the technical scheme that the present invention takes is as follows:
Living beings horizontal ring die granulation mechanism, it is characterized in that, comprise casing and be arranged at the case lid on casing, bearing, pressure roller assembly and driving mechanism is provided with in described casing, described pressure roller assembly is made up of pressure roller shaft, eccentric bushing and pressure roller, described case lid is provided with ring mould, and the separate space body between described ring mould and pressure roller forms compacting room, arranges stock guide in described compacting indoor; And the separate space body between described ring mould and protective cover forms discharge chamber, arranges cutter assembly and cutter driving assembly in described discharge chamber.
Especially, described cutter assembly comprises the rotary cutter pinion, rotary cutter gear wheel, rotary cutter and the roll-setting gear that are fixedly connected with described ring mould.
Especially, described cutter driving assembly comprises cutter driving motor and cutting knife reductor.
Especially, described driving mechanism comprises jackshaft, parallel stage gear train and the bevel gear shaft that combination driving connects.
Especially, described parallel stage gear train is made up of parallel stage gear wheel and parallel stage pinion, is provided with break-in and bores tooth group between described bevel gear shaft and described jackshaft.
Especially, described eccentric bushing and described pressure roller junction are provided with tuningout worm gear.
Especially, be provided with ring baffle plate bottom described ring mould, described ring baffle plate has worm screw base, and is provided with tuningout worm screw in described worm screw base.
Beneficial effect of the present invention is: living beings horizontal ring die granulation mechanism provided by the invention, namely changes into inactive state from the rotary motion state of vertical type ring mould granulation mechanism by the motion mode changing ring mould; Namely rotary motion state is changed into from the inactive state of vertical type ring mould granulation mechanism by the motion mode changing planet carrier; At least second gear gear is set up by driving mechanism input, the i.e. rotating speed of adjustable pressure roller assembly, thus reach and reduce the requirement of this kind equipment to material water ratio and ring mould compression ratio, grain forming degree and uniformity significantly improve, adaptability to raw material is wider, grain forming degree and uniformity more excellent.
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing, the present invention is described in detail.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is living beings horizontal ring die granulation mechanism of the present invention composition structural representation.
Wherein: 001 casing, 002 case lid, 003 pressure roller shaft, 004 pressure roller; 005 ring mould, 006 bearing, 008 pressure roller assembly, 009 eccentric bushing; 010 rotary cutter pinion, 011 rotary cutter gear wheel, 012 rotary cutter and roll-setting gear, 013 cutter driving motor; 014 cutting knife reductor, 015 jackshaft, 016 parallel stage gear wheel, 017 bevel gear shaft; 018 parallel stage pinion, 019 covert gear train, 020 tuningout worm gear, 021 ring baffle plate; 022 worm screw base, 023 tuningout worm screw, 024 protective cover.
Detailed description of the invention
Embodiment 1:
In the present embodiment, the composition original paper of described conventional known structure does not do explanatory note and display in the drawings, and such as stock guide is not described further at this.
As shown in Figure 1, living beings horizontal ring die granulation mechanism disclosed in the present embodiment, comprise casing 001 and be arranged at the case lid 002 on casing 001, bearing 006 is provided with in described casing 001, pressure roller assembly 008 and driving mechanism, described pressure roller assembly 008 is by pressure roller shaft 003, eccentric bushing 009 and pressure roller 004 form, described case lid 002 is provided with ring mould 005, and the separate space body between described ring mould 005 and pressure roller 004 forms compacting room, in described compacting indoor, stock guide is set, separate space body between described ring mould 005 and protective cover 024 forms discharge chamber, cutter assembly and cutter driving assembly are set in described discharge chamber.
Described cutter assembly comprises the rotary cutter pinion 010, rotary cutter gear wheel 011, rotary cutter and the roll-setting gear 012 that are fixedly connected with described ring mould.Described cutter driving assembly comprises cutter driving motor 014 and cutting knife reductor 014.Described driving mechanism comprises combination and drives the jackshaft 015, parallel stage gear train and the bevel gear shaft 017 that connect.Described parallel stage gear train is made up of parallel stage gear wheel 016 and parallel stage pinion 018, is provided with covert gear train 019 between described bevel gear shaft 017 and described jackshaft 015.Described eccentric bushing 009 is provided with tuningout turbine 020 with described pressure roller 004 junction.Be provided with ring baffle plate 021 bottom described ring mould 005, described ring baffle plate 021 has worm screw base 022, and is provided with tuningout worm screw 023 in described worm screw base 022.
Applicant states, person of ordinary skill in the field is on the basis of above-described embodiment, by above-described embodiment step, combined with the technical scheme of summary of the invention part, thus the new method produced, also be one of record scope of the present invention, the application, for making description simple and clear, no longer enumerates other embodiment of these steps.
The technology path being different from prior art in the present embodiment is:
1. the rotating speed of planet carrier (i.e. pressure roller assembly) realizes as follows:
At least second gear gear is connected with driving input mechanism, and adjustment gear gear can change the rotating speed of planet carrier (i.e. pressure roller assembly).
2. the motion mode of ring mould and planet carrier (i.e. pressure roller assembly):
Be equipped with can the bevel gear shaft input of break-in cone tooth--jackshaft of cone tooth and parallel stage pinion is housed, and--break-in of cone tooth group--is equipped with parallel stage gear wheel planet carrier (planet carrier inner structure is identical with former patent structure)--and is realized planet carrier rotary motion.
3. ring mould to be arranged on case lid-ring baffle plate to be fixed on planet carrier-to be separated by ring baffle plate between ring mould and rotary motion planet carrier and realize dustproof design.
4. pressure roller and ring mould distance adjust and realize:
By be arranged on worm screw on planet carrier and the tuningout worm gear engagement rotation be arranged on eccentric bushing adjust pressure roller and ring mould apart from and realize locking.
5. cutter mechanism motion mode:
Drive unit--rotary cutter pinion--rotary cutter gear wheel (be arranged on ring mould by bearing group, realize rotary motion)-cutter is distributed on rotary cutter gear wheel-can roll adjustment be realized and finished product is delivered to discharging opening.
Know-why is as follows:
Namely inactive state is changed into from the rotary motion state of vertical type ring mould granulation mechanism by the motion mode changing ring mould; Namely rotary motion state is changed into from the inactive state of vertical type ring mould granulation mechanism by the motion mode changing planet carrier; At least second gear gear is set up by driving mechanism input, the i.e. rotating speed of adjustable pressure roller assembly, thus reach and reduce the requirement of this kind equipment to material water ratio and ring mould compression ratio, grain forming degree and uniformity significantly improve, adaptability to raw material is wider, grain forming degree and uniformity more excellent.
The another statement of applicant, the present invention illustrates implementation method of the present invention and apparatus structure by above-described embodiment, but the present invention is not limited to above-mentioned embodiment, does not namely mean that the present invention must rely on said method and structure could be implemented.Person of ordinary skill in the field should understand, any improvement in the present invention, replaces and the interpolation of step, concrete way choice etc., all drop within protection scope of the present invention and open scope implementation method equivalence selected by the present invention.
The present invention is not limited to above-mentioned embodiment, and all employings and analog structure of the present invention and method thereof realize all embodiments of the object of the invention all within scope.

Claims (7)

1. living beings horizontal ring die granulation mechanism, it is characterized in that, comprise casing and be arranged at the case lid on casing, bearing, pressure roller assembly and driving mechanism is provided with in described casing, described pressure roller assembly is made up of pressure roller shaft, eccentric bushing and pressure roller, described case lid is provided with ring mould, and the separate space body between described ring mould and pressure roller forms compacting room, arranges stock guide in described compacting indoor; And the separate space body between described ring mould and protective cover forms discharge chamber, arranges cutter assembly and cutter driving assembly in described discharge chamber.
2. living beings horizontal ring die granulation mechanism according to claim 1, is characterized in that, described cutter assembly comprises the rotary cutter pinion, rotary cutter gear wheel, rotary cutter and the roll-setting gear that are fixedly connected with described ring mould.
3. living beings horizontal ring die granulation mechanism according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, described cutter driving assembly comprises cutter driving motor and cutting knife reductor.
4. living beings horizontal ring die granulation mechanism according to claim 1, is characterized in that, described driving mechanism comprises combination and drives the jackshaft, parallel stage gear train and the bevel gear shaft that connect.
5. living beings horizontal ring die granulation mechanism according to claim 4, it is characterized in that, described parallel stage gear train is made up of parallel stage gear wheel and parallel stage pinion, is provided with break-in and bores tooth group between described bevel gear shaft and described jackshaft.
6. living beings horizontal ring die granulation mechanism according to claim 1, is characterized in that, described eccentric bushing and described pressure roller junction are provided with tuningout worm gear.
7. living beings horizontal ring die granulation mechanism according to claim 1, is characterized in that, be provided with ring baffle plate bottom described ring mould, described ring baffle plate has worm screw base, and is provided with tuningout worm screw in described worm screw base.
CN201520348357.9U 2015-05-27 2015-05-27 Horizontal ring molding grain mechanism of living beings Active CN204837935U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106140013A (en) * 2015-05-27 2016-11-23 东莞市圣珂新能源环保科技有限公司 Biomass horizontal ring dies granulation mechanism
CN106925182A (en) * 2017-05-04 2017-07-07 江苏金梧实业股份有限公司 A kind of vertical granule-forming machine cylinder formula main motion structure

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106140013A (en) * 2015-05-27 2016-11-23 东莞市圣珂新能源环保科技有限公司 Biomass horizontal ring dies granulation mechanism
CN106925182A (en) * 2017-05-04 2017-07-07 江苏金梧实业股份有限公司 A kind of vertical granule-forming machine cylinder formula main motion structure

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C14 Grant of patent or utility model
GR01 Patent grant
CP03 Change of name, title or address

Address after: 404100, No. 2, middle 70, Mount Huangshan Road, Chongqing, Yubei District, 9-4

Patentee after: Chongqing Sustainable Bioenergy Technology Co., Ltd.

Address before: No. 2, middle 70, Mount Huangshan Road, Chongqing, Yubei District, 9-4

Patentee before: CHONGQING YONGXU SHENGKE BIOLOGICAL ENERGY INVESTMENT CO., LTD.

CP03 Change of name, title or address
TR01 Transfer of patent right

Effective date of registration: 20170727

Address after: 523000 Guangdong Province, Dongguan city Dalang town community high Yu Min Street 28 No. 1 No.

Patentee after: Dongguan Saint New Energy Environmental Protection Technology Co., Ltd.

Address before: 404100, No. 2, middle 70, Mount Huangshan Road, Chongqing, Yubei District, 9-4

Patentee before: Chongqing Sustainable Bioenergy Technology Co., Ltd.

TR01 Transfer of patent right