CN204665255U - Modified vertical coal-fired boiler - Google Patents

Modified vertical coal-fired boiler Download PDF

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Publication number
CN204665255U
CN204665255U CN201520402997.3U CN201520402997U CN204665255U CN 204665255 U CN204665255 U CN 204665255U CN 201520402997 U CN201520402997 U CN 201520402997U CN 204665255 U CN204665255 U CN 204665255U
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China
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combustion chamber
coal
pan body
plate
grating
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CN201520402997.3U
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Chinese (zh)
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陈小喜
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Individual
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Abstract

The utility model discloses a kind of modified vertical coal-fired boiler, described inner pan body (22) is fixed with secondary ash-removing plate (25), combustion chamber dividing plate (39), inner pan body (22), base (9), secondary ash-removing plate (25) and combustion chamber dividing plate (39) form combustion chamber (32), and combustion chamber dividing plate (39) is provided with crater (36); Outer cylinder body (3) is provided with coal and three air inlets (5), secondary air inlets (6) and slags tap and an air inlet (8), is provided with upper fire-grating (29), lower fire grating (33) and preheating destructive distillation plate (27) in combustion chamber (32); Smoke evacuation dividing plate (21) is divided into secondary and third dedusting chamber (23,19) inner pan body (22), the water-cooling wall (20) being communicated with secondary and third dedusting chamber (23,19) is provided with in vertical water courage, be provided with UTILIZATION OF VESIDUAL HEAT IN convection tube (35) in third dedusting chamber (19), exhaust opening (1) communicates with third dedusting chamber (19).After adopting this said structure, there is simple and reasonable, easy for operation, the feature such as the thermal efficiency is high, environmental pollution is little, qualified discharge.

Description

Modified vertical coal-fired boiler
Technical field
The invention relates to a kind of vertical boiler, particularly a kind of energy-saving and environmental protection, efficiently modified vertical coal-fired boiler.
Background technology
Vertical boiler is a kind of boiler being used for supplying steam and hot water, is mainly used in industry, industry is planted in breeding, resident's heating etc., and purposes is very extensive.Existing vertical boiler generally to adopt on single fire grate and burning mode or double grate burns and instead burns the mode that combines, and structure is simple, easy for operation, but in use have the following disadvantages: one is unreasonable structure, performance of ventilating is poor, has selection to coal, can not use slagging scorification coal and duff; Two be use biological particles time need Dynamic Burning, air blast forced ventilation; Three is that burning is insufficient, and the waste gas of discharge does not reach requirement, and blackness and flue dust severe overweight, discharge can not reach national environmental standard, and the thermal efficiency is low, and energy waste is large.For this reason, many manufacturers and knowledgeable people develop specially and develop, but not yet have comparatively ideal product to emerge so far.
Summary of the invention
In order to overcome the above-mentioned problem that existing vertical boiler exists, the object of the invention be to provide a kind of simple and reasonable, easy for operation, completely reliable, burning cmpletely, heating surface area is large, the thermal efficiency is high, toxic emission temperature is low, can coal slagging scorification coal and duff and biological particles, igniting is not smoldered, environmental pollution is little, the modified vertical coal-fired boiler of qualified discharge.
The invention solves the technical scheme that its technical problem adopts, it comprises by outer pan body, inner pan body, outside head, the vertical water courage of interior end socket and U-shaped clamping ring composition, base, steam (vapor) outlet, exhaust opening, water inlet, sewage draining exit, described inner pan body is fixed with secondary ash-removing plate, combustion chamber dividing plate, inner pan body, base, secondary ash-removing plate and combustion chamber dividing plate form combustion chamber, combustion chamber dividing plate is provided with crater, top is provided with and combustion chamber dividing plate is fixed in combustion chamber, the preheating destructive distillation plate that two ends and inner pan body are fixed, preheating destructive distillation plate is fixed with the coal seam thickness control valve communicated with vertical water courage, outer pan body is provided with the coal and three air inlets, secondary air inlets that communicate with combustion chamber and slags tap and an air inlet, staged upper fire-grating is provided with, at secondary air inlet and slag tap and be provided with staged lower fire grating in combustion chamber between an air inlet in coal and three combustion chambers between air inlet and secondary air inlet, coal and three air inlets make coal seam air intake burning from top to bottom, and secondary air inlet makes the horizontal air intake burning in coal seam, slag tap and an air inlet makes coal seam air intake burning from the bottom up.
The further scheme of the invention, on described secondary ash-removing plate, combustion chamber dividing plate and preheating destructive distillation plate, interval is fixed with the convection tube communicated with vertical water courage, the outlet side of crater is interval with some convection tubes communicated with vertical water courage, inner pan body is fixed with smoke evacuation dividing plate, smoke evacuation dividing plate is divided into final dusting chamber and third dedusting chamber inner pan body, the water-cooling wall being communicated with secondary and third dedusting chamber is provided with in vertical water courage, be provided with some crisscross and UTILIZATION OF VESIDUAL HEAT IN convection tubes that is that communicate with vertical water courage in third dedusting chamber, exhaust opening communicates with third dedusting chamber.
The further scheme of the invention, described coal and be provided with spillplate between air inlet and upper fire-grating three times, is provided with every wind and split-wind plate between secondary air inlet and lower fire grating.
The further scheme of the invention, described outer pan body is provided with four air inlets corresponding with combustion chamber side crater.
The further scheme of the invention, described inner pan body is fixed with smoke evacuation guide plate, combustion chamber dividing plate, smoke evacuation guide plate, base and inner pan body form U-shaped discharge flue, crater communicates with U-shaped discharge flue, on smoke evacuation guide plate, interval is fixed with the convection tube communicated with vertical water courage, U-shaped discharge flue is interval with some convection tubes communicated with vertical water courage.
The further scheme of the invention, described coal seam thickness control valve is fixed with the flame guide plate corresponding with crater.
The further scheme of the invention, the top of described secondary ash-removing plate be at least provided with that a row communicates with vertical water courage gear ash convection tube, outer pan body is provided with the secondary cleaning door communicated with final dusting chamber, and secondary cleaning door is arranged on secondary ash-removing plate and keeps off between grey convection tube; Described outer pan body is provided with the cleaning door communicated with the bottom of U-shaped discharge flue; Described outer pan body is fixed with and three cleaning doors communicated bottom third dedusting chamber.
The further scheme of the invention, described upper fire-grating is welded and fixed by upper fire-grating convection tube and upper fire-grating plate and forms, lower fire grating is welded and fixed by lower fire grating convection tube and lower fire grating plate and forms, the two ends of upper fire-grating convection tube and lower fire grating convection tube communicate with vertical inner bag, and lower fire grating plate is provided with zigzag ventilating opening.
The further scheme of the invention, described outer pan body (3) is provided with the combustion port communicated with combustion chamber.
After adopting said structure, have the following advantages compared with the prior art and effect: one is employing three sectionalized ventilations, realize burning under upper fire-grating, lower fire grating flatly burns, three kinds of combustion systems are burnt in bottom, combustion chamber, crater four ventilations are burnt completely, coal is preheating destructive distillation, gasification, burning in stove, sufficient combustion, smokeless and dust free, without carbon monoxide emission.Two is that boiler passes through three sedimentation deashing designs of once slagging tap, and dust discharge can be made to reach gas emission standard.Three is arrange every wind and split-wind plate between secondary air inlet and lower fire grating, and can control air intake trend, air intake can not be ganged up up and down, and when to ensure in combustion chamber coal less or boiler small-power motion, the thermal efficiency is unaffected.Four is that flame guide plate changes flame's flow, is fully burnouted by carbon monoxide, without carbon monoxide emission under four air intake effects.Five is the zigzag ventilating openings on the lower fire grating plate of lower fire grating, can increase intake, and common coal combustion is faster, and slagging scorification coal and biological particles do not need air blast just energy static combustion, can adapt to the requirement of different comburant.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the main TV structure schematic diagram of the invention.
Fig. 2 is the fit structure schematic diagram of the invention.
Fig. 3 is the structural representation of the invention upper fire-grating.
Fig. 4 is the structural representation of the invention lower fire grating.
Wherein 1 exhaust opening, 2 steam (vapor) outlets, 3 outer pan bodies, 4 two cleaning doors, 5 coals and three air inlets, 6 secondary air inlets, 7 combustion port, 8 slag tap and an air inlet, 9 bases, 10 cleaning doors, 11 safety valves, 12 Pressure gauges, 13 outside heads, 14 liquid level gauges, 15 4 air inlets, 16 water inlets, 17 sewage draining exits, end socket in 18, 19 third dedusting chambeies, 20 water-cooling walls, 21 smoke evacuation dividing plates, 22 inner pan bodies, 23 final dusting chambeies, the grey convection tube of 24 gear, 25 2 ash-removing plates, 26 UTILIZATION OF VESIDUAL HEAT IN convection tubes, 27 preheating destructive distillation plates, 28 spillplates, 29 upper fire-gratings, 30 coal seam thickness control valves, 31 every wind and split-wind plate, 32 combustion chambers, 33 lower fire gratings, 34 3 cleaning doors, 35 convection tubes, 36 craters, 37 flame guide plates, 38 smoke evacuation guide plates, 39 combustion chamber dividing plates, 40U type clamping ring, 41 upper fire-grating convection tubes, 42 upper fire-grating plates, 43 lower fire grating convection tubes, 44 lower fire grating plates, 45 zigzag ventilating openings.
Detailed description of the invention
Shown in Fig. 1 to Fig. 4, for the specific embodiments of a kind of modified vertical coal-fired boiler of the invention, it comprises by outer pan body 3, inner pan body 22, outside head 13, interior end socket 18 and U-shaped clamping ring 40 form the vertical water courage of sealed hollow, base 9, steam (vapor) outlet 2, exhaust opening 1, water inlet 16, sewage draining exit 17, described inner pan body 22 is fixed with secondary ash-removing plate 25, combustion chamber dividing plate 39 and smoke evacuation guide plate 38, secondary ash-removing plate 25 both can be horizontally disposed with and also can be obliquely installed, inner pan body 22, base 9, secondary ash-removing plate 25 and combustion chamber dividing plate 39 form combustion chamber 32, combustion chamber dividing plate 39, smoke evacuation guide plate 38, base 9 and inner pan body 22 form U-shaped discharge flue, combustion chamber dividing plate 39 is provided with the crater 36 connecting combustion chamber 32 and U-shaped discharge flue, top is provided with and combustion chamber dividing plate 39 is fixed in combustion chamber 32, the preheating destructive distillation plate 27 that two ends and inner pan body 22 are fixed, preheating destructive distillation plate 27 is fixed with the coal seam thickness control valve 30 communicated with vertical water courage, outer pan body 3 is provided with the coal and three air inlets 5, secondary air inlets 6 that communicate with combustion chamber 32 and slags tap and an air inlet 8, staged upper fire-grating 29 is provided with, at secondary air inlet 6 and slag tap and be provided with staged lower fire grating 33 in combustion chamber 32 between an air inlet 8 in coal and the combustion chamber 32 between three air inlets 5 and secondary air inlet 6, coal and three air inlets 5 make coal seam air intake burning from top to bottom, and secondary air inlet 6 makes the horizontal air intake burning in coal seam, slag tap and an air inlet 8 makes coal seam air intake burning from the bottom up.
Described secondary ash-removing plate 25, combustion chamber dividing plate 39, preheating destructive distillation plate 27 and smoke evacuation guide plate 38 on interval be fixed with the convection tube 35 communicated with vertical water courage, the outlet side of U-shaped discharge flue is interval with some convection tubes 35 communicated with vertical water courage, described convection tube 35 tilts to install, be convenient to convection current, cleaning, scale removal, inner pan body 22 is fixed with smoke evacuation dividing plate 21, smoke evacuation dividing plate 21 is divided into final dusting chamber 23 and third dedusting chamber 19 inner pan body 22, be provided with in vertical water courage and be communicated with secondary and third dedusting chamber 23, the water-cooling wall 20 of 19, some crisscross and UTILIZATION OF VESIDUAL HEAT IN convection tubes 26 that is that communicate with vertical water courage are provided with in third dedusting chamber 19, UTILIZATION OF VESIDUAL HEAT IN convection tube 26 tilts to install, make full use of smoke discharging residual heat, be convenient to convection current, cleaning, scale removal, exhaust opening 1 communicates with third dedusting chamber 19 and is positioned at the below of UTILIZATION OF VESIDUAL HEAT IN convection tube 35.
Described coal and be provided with spillplate 28 between three air inlets 5 and upper fire-grating 29, spillplate 28 can anti-leak-stopping coal, be provided with every wind and split-wind plate 31 between secondary air inlet 6 and lower fire grating 33, air intake trend can be controlled every wind and split-wind plate 31, air intake can not be ganged up up and down, and when to ensure in combustion chamber 32 coal less or boiler small-power motion, the thermal efficiency is unaffected.
In order to further after-flame carbon monoxide, improve the thermal efficiency, reduce carbon monoxide emission, described outer pan body 3 is provided with four air inlets 15 corresponding with side, combustion chamber 32 crater 36.Described coal seam thickness control valve 30 is fixed with the flame guide plate 37 corresponding with crater 36.
In order to improve the thermal efficiency further, be convenient to deashing and reach good dust removing effects, the top of described secondary ash-removing plate 25 be at least provided with that a row communicates with vertical water courage gear ash convection tube 24, keep off grey convection tube 24 to tilt to install, be convenient to convection current, cleaning, scale removal, outer pan body 3 is provided with the secondary cleaning door 4 communicated with final dusting chamber 23, and secondary cleaning door 4 is arranged on secondary ash-removing plate 25 and keeps off between grey convection tube 24; Described outer pan body 3 is provided with the cleaning door 10 communicated with the bottom of U-shaped discharge flue; Described outer pan body 3 is fixed with and three cleaning doors 34 communicated bottom third dedusting chamber 19.
In order to ensure that common coal, slagging scorification coal and biological particles can burn, described upper fire-grating 29 is welded and fixed by upper fire-grating convection tube 41 and upper fire-grating plate 42 and forms, lower fire grating 33 is welded and fixed by lower fire grating convection tube 43 and lower fire grating plate 44 and forms, the two ends of upper fire-grating convection tube 41 and lower fire grating convection tube 43 communicate with vertical inner bag, and lower fire grating plate 44 is provided with zigzag ventilating opening 45.Do not smolder to accelerate speed of ignition and lighting a fire, described outer pan body 3 is provided with the combustion port 7 communicated with combustion chamber 32.
In order to ensure that boiler is safe and reliable, described outside head 13 or outer pan body 3 are provided with the safety valve 11 and Pressure gauge 12 that communicate with vertical inner bag, and outer pan body 3 is provided with the liquid level gauge 14 communicated with vertical inner bag.
The above; just the specific embodiment of the invention, not makes any pro forma restriction, on the technical scheme basis not departing from the invention to the invention; done simple modification, equivalent variations or modification, all fall into the protection domain of the invention.

Claims (9)

1. a modified vertical coal-fired boiler, comprise by outer pan body (3), inner pan body (22), outside head (13), the vertical water courage that interior end socket (18) and U-shaped clamping ring (40) form, base (9), steam (vapor) outlet (2), exhaust opening (1), water inlet (16), sewage draining exit (17), it is characterized in that: described inner pan body (22) is fixed with secondary ash-removing plate (25), combustion chamber dividing plate (39), inner pan body (22), base (9), secondary ash-removing plate (25) and combustion chamber dividing plate (39) form combustion chamber (32), combustion chamber dividing plate (39) is provided with crater (36), be provided with top and combustion chamber dividing plate (39) in combustion chamber (32) to fix, the preheating destructive distillation plate (27) that two ends and inner pan body (22) are fixed, preheating destructive distillation plate (27) is fixed with the coal seam thickness control valve (30) communicated with vertical water courage, outer pan body (3) is provided with the coal and three air inlets (5), secondary air inlets (6) that communicate with combustion chamber (32) and slags tap and an air inlet (8), staged upper fire-grating (29) is provided with, at secondary air inlet (6) and slag tap and be provided with staged lower fire grating (33) in combustion chamber (32) between an air inlet (8) in coal and the combustion chamber (32) between three air inlets (5) and secondary air inlet (6), coal and three air inlets (5) make coal seam air intake burning from top to bottom, and secondary air inlet (6) makes the horizontal air intake burning in coal seam, slag tap and an air inlet (8) makes coal seam air intake burning from the bottom up.
2. modified vertical coal-fired boiler according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described secondary ash-removing plate (25), combustion chamber dividing plate (39) and the upper interval of preheating destructive distillation plate (27) are fixed with the convection tube (35) communicated with vertical water courage, the outlet side of crater (36) is interval with some convection tubes (35) communicated with vertical water courage, inner pan body (22) is fixed with smoke evacuation dividing plate (21), smoke evacuation dividing plate (21) is divided into final dusting chamber (23) and third dedusting chamber (19) inner pan body (22), be provided with in vertical water courage and be communicated with secondary and third dedusting chamber (23, 19) water-cooling wall (20), some crisscross and UTILIZATION OF VESIDUAL HEAT IN convection tubes (26) that is that communicate with vertical water courage are provided with in third dedusting chamber (19), exhaust opening (1) communicates with third dedusting chamber (19).
3. modified vertical coal-fired boiler according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described coal and be provided with spillplate (28) between three air inlets (5) and upper fire-grating (29), be provided with between secondary air inlet (6) and lower fire grating (33) every wind and split-wind plate (31).
4. the modified vertical coal-fired boiler according to claim 1 or 2 or 3, described outer pan body (3) is provided with four air inlets (15) corresponding with combustion chamber (32) side crater (36).
5. modified vertical coal-fired boiler according to claim 4, it is characterized in that: described inner pan body (22) is fixed with smoke evacuation guide plate (38), combustion chamber dividing plate (39), smoke evacuation guide plate (38), base (9) and inner pan body (22) form U-shaped discharge flue, crater (36) communicates with U-shaped discharge flue, the upper interval of smoke evacuation guide plate (38) is fixed with the convection tube (35) communicated with vertical water courage, U-shaped discharge flue is interval with some convection tubes (35) communicated with vertical water courage.
6. modified vertical coal-fired boiler according to claim 5, is characterized in that: described coal seam thickness control valve (30) is fixed with the flame guide plate (37) corresponding with crater (36).
7. modified vertical coal-fired boiler according to claim 6, it is characterized in that: the top of described secondary ash-removing plate (25) be at least provided with that a row communicates with vertical water courage gear ash convection tube (24), outer pan body (3) is provided with the secondary cleaning door (4) communicated with final dusting chamber (23), and secondary cleaning door (4) is arranged between secondary ash-removing plate (25) and the grey convection tube of gear (24); Described outer pan body (3) is provided with the cleaning door (10) communicated with the bottom of U-shaped discharge flue; Described outer pan body (3) is fixed with three cleaning doors (34) communicated with third dedusting chamber (19) bottom.
8. modified vertical coal-fired boiler according to claim 7, it is characterized in that: described upper fire-grating (29) is welded and fixed by upper fire-grating convection tube (41) and upper fire-grating plate (42) and forms, lower fire grating (33) is welded and fixed by lower fire grating convection tube (43) and lower fire grating plate (44) and forms, the two ends of upper fire-grating convection tube (41) and lower fire grating convection tube (43) communicate with vertical inner bag, and lower fire grating plate (44) is provided with zigzag ventilating opening (45).
9. the modified vertical coal-fired boiler stated according to Claim 8, is characterized in that: described outer pan body (3) is provided with the combustion port (7) communicated with combustion chamber (32).
CN201520402997.3U 2015-06-12 2015-06-12 Modified vertical coal-fired boiler Withdrawn - After Issue CN204665255U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201520402997.3U CN204665255U (en) 2015-06-12 2015-06-12 Modified vertical coal-fired boiler

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201520402997.3U CN204665255U (en) 2015-06-12 2015-06-12 Modified vertical coal-fired boiler

Publications (1)

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CN204665255U true CN204665255U (en) 2015-09-23

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104864390A (en) * 2015-06-12 2015-08-26 陈小喜 Improved coal-burning vertical boiler
CN106196088A (en) * 2016-08-19 2016-12-07 李世平 A kind of incinerator of energy-saving and emission-reduction

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104864390A (en) * 2015-06-12 2015-08-26 陈小喜 Improved coal-burning vertical boiler
CN106196088A (en) * 2016-08-19 2016-12-07 李世平 A kind of incinerator of energy-saving and emission-reduction

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C14 Grant of patent or utility model
GR01 Patent grant
AV01 Patent right actively abandoned

Granted publication date: 20150923

Effective date of abandoning: 20170426

AV01 Patent right actively abandoned