CN204656219U - Intelligent negative pressure clarifying smoke treatment system - Google Patents

Intelligent negative pressure clarifying smoke treatment system Download PDF

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Publication number
CN204656219U
CN204656219U CN201520329706.2U CN201520329706U CN204656219U CN 204656219 U CN204656219 U CN 204656219U CN 201520329706 U CN201520329706 U CN 201520329706U CN 204656219 U CN204656219 U CN 204656219U
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China
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gas
negative pressure
liquid
treatment system
smoke treatment
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Expired - Fee Related
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CN201520329706.2U
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Chinese (zh)
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林原
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Individual
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Individual
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Abstract

The utility model provides Intelligent negative pressure clarifying smoke treatment system.Native system utilizes suction to penetrate principle by after volatile matter or cigarette, dirt suction gas collecting chamber, by the application of negative pressure microvesicle generation technique, liquid is fully mixed with gas, generate a large amount of micro-bubble, increase substantially the contact area of gas and liquid, excavate the advantage that wet method is collected at dedusting, smoke abatement, volatile matter to greatest extent, improve purified treatment efficiency; Native system by the different liquid of allotment, can adapt to different gas treatment requirement again, realize volatile matter collect and industry, civilian cigarette, dirt purified treatment; During smoke treatment, by the real-time detection of discharging nitric oxide, the program utilizing single-chip microcomputer preset starts the valve actuator of exhaust outlet and secondary air inlet mouth, and by the control to gas port flow, the waste gas realizing setting ratio burns again.

Description

Intelligent negative pressure clarifying smoke treatment system
Technical field
The utility model relates to field of Environment Protection, particularly relates to Intelligent negative pressure clarifying smoke treatment system.
Background technology
Along with the development of society, the environmental consciousness of people constantly strengthens, and the discharge of enforcement to the process of dust and waste gas of new environmental law proposes requirements at the higher level.At present, dry method, wet method two kinds of modes are divided into substantially to the process of dust and waste gas both at home and abroad.To in the wet-treating of dust and waste gas, have employed a lot of new technology and method, common way is that gas blows out from cleaning system bottom, dust suppression fluid from top spray and, for raising reaction efficiency is mostly the contact area that will increase gas and liquid, the structure of system and volume tend to complicated and huge.
Utility model content
The object of utility model: in order to provide a kind of Intelligent negative pressure clarifying smoke treatment system of better effects if, specific purposes are shown in multiple substantial technological effects of concrete implementation section.
In order to reach as above object, the utility model takes following technical scheme:
Intelligent negative pressure clarifying smoke treatment system, it is characterized in that, comprise fluid reservoir, liquid is had in it, also comprise the gas-liquid mixed stage placed on it, described gas-liquid mixed stage air inclusion collecting chamber, also comprise the shower nozzle inserting gas collection chamber, described shower nozzle connects liquid by pipeline, described gas collection chamber connects a source of the gas, below gas collection chamber, bore shrinks, the section that described bore shrinks is mixing section, mixing section is connected to a duct-like compression section, pass into the conversion zone of below subsequently, the bore of described conversion zone is greater than the bore of compression section, conversion zone lower opening passes into fluid reservoir.
The further technical scheme of the utility model is, the exit position that compression section is connected with conversion zone comprises a baffle plate.
The further technical scheme of the utility model is, described fluid reservoir also comprises exhaust outlet, exhaust outlet has air bleeding valve.
The further technical scheme of the utility model is, what described shower nozzle connected fluid reservoir inside by pipeline connects liquid.
The further technical scheme of the utility model is, described gas collection chamber connects one and pollutes source of the gas.
The further technical scheme of the utility model is, described baffle plate is arc.
Adopt the utility model of as above technical scheme, following beneficial effect is had: first Application is inhaled and penetrated technology and negative pressure microvesicle generation technique in wet dedusting, sulphur removal and volatile matter are collected relative to prior art, reduce the energy resource consumption in gas treating process, the relatively simple floor space of facility is little.Specifically, increase substantially the contact area of gas and liquid by the application of negative pressure microvesicle generation technique, excavated the advantage that wet method is collected at dedusting, smoke abatement, volatile matter to greatest extent, improve purified treatment efficiency.
Accompanying drawing explanation
In order to further illustrate the utility model, be described further below in conjunction with accompanying drawing:
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of Intelligent negative pressure clarifying smoke treatment system;
Wherein: 1. gas collection chamber; 2. mixing section; 3. compression section; 4. conversion zone; 5. Rose Box; 6. water pump; 7. fluid reservoir; 8. shower nozzle; 9. baffle plate; 10. exhaust outlet; 11. exhaust outlet valve actuator; 12. single-chip microcomputers; 13. content of nitric oxide inductors; 14. 2 air supply opening valve actuator; 15. 2 air supply openings.
Detailed description of the invention
Be described embodiment of the present utility model below in conjunction with accompanying drawing, embodiment does not form restriction of the present utility model:
Intelligent negative pressure clarifying smoke treatment system, it is characterized in that, comprise fluid reservoir 7, liquid is had in it, also comprise the gas-liquid mixed stage placed on it, described gas-liquid mixed stage air inclusion collecting chamber, also comprise the shower nozzle inserting gas collection chamber, described shower nozzle connects liquid by pipeline, described gas collection chamber connects a source of the gas, below gas collection chamber, bore shrinks, the section that described bore shrinks is mixing section 2, mixing section is connected to a duct-like compression section, pass into the conversion zone of below subsequently, the bore of described conversion zone is greater than the bore of compression section, conversion zone lower opening passes into fluid reservoir 7.The technique effect of the essence that the technical scheme at this place plays and implementation procedure thereof are as follows: as shown in Figure 1, for the fume treatment of Industrial Boiler, by boiler exhaust gas pipeline access gas collection chamber 1, calcium hydroxide saturated solution penetrates from shower nozzle 8 at a high speed after water pump 6 pressurizes, high speed aqua calcis forms high negative pressure district at the end of mixing section 2, flue gas is injected calcium hydroxide liquid by suction herein, moment generates a large amount of micro-bubbles in compression section 3, and flue gas fully mixes with aqua calcis.Gas overflows to liquid surface gradually, but most of gas finally to be swept along and poured in the aqua calcis of fluid reservoir 7.Be cleaned and absorb.Suspended particle is absorbed by solution, and sour gas is absorbed.
The exit position that compression section is connected with conversion zone comprises a baffle plate.The technique effect of the essence that the technical scheme at this place plays and implementation procedure thereof are as follows: high-velocity fluid is flushed on the plate washer 9 of conversion zone 4 leading portion, and splash to surrounding immediately, flue gas fully mixes with aqua calcis.Due to the increase of the effect conversion zone sectional area in addition of plate washer, mixed flow rate of liquid reduces, and gas overflows to liquid surface gradually.
Described fluid reservoir 7 also comprises exhaust outlet, exhaust outlet has air bleeding valve.The technique effect of the essence that the technical scheme at this place plays and implementation procedure thereof are as follows: purified gas can be discharged.
What described shower nozzle connected fluid reservoir 7 inside by pipeline connects liquid.The technique effect of the essence that the technical scheme at this place plays and implementation procedure thereof are as follows: due to the effect of negative pressure and plate washer, flue gas fully mixes with aqua calcis, generate a large amount of micro-bubbles, gas and liquid comes into contact area sharply increase, sulfur dioxide in flue gas and calcium hydroxide aqueous solution complete reaction generate calcium sulfate, particle in flue gas is also adsorbed with water, and final calcium sulfate and particle are recycled liquid and bring Rose Box 5 into and discharge after precipitation.
As improvement, described gas collection chamber connects one and pollutes source of the gas.That is, other sources of the gas except boiler can also be purified.As further preferred, described baffle plate is arc.Arc has better blocking effect and crushing effect.
Generally speaking: volatile matter is collected or cigarette, dirt discharge pipeline access inhale emitter, inhale and to penetrate and microvesicle generation systems is made up of water pump, gas collection chamber, mixing section, compression section, conversion zone, fluid reservoir, Rose Box etc.Liquid at high speed from water pump penetrates from shower nozzle, form high negative pressure district at gas-liquid mixed section end, be inhaled into the cigarette of gas collection chamber, dirt or volatile gases and form high velocity air in high negative pressure district and injected liquid stream by suction and merge with liquid further in compression section and generate a large amount of micro-bubble; High-speed liquid stream is flushed on the plate washer of conversion zone leading portion, and splash to surrounding immediately, gas, liquid fully mix.Due to the increase of the effect conversion zone sectional area in addition of plate washer, flow rate of liquid reduces, gas overflows to liquid surface gradually, but most of gas is finally swept along and poured in the liquid of fluid reservoir.Due to the effect of negative pressure and plate washer, generate a large amount of micro-bubbles at mixing, compression and conversion zone, gas and liquid comes into contact area sharply increase, for particle, compound and liquid in volatile matter or cigarette, dirt fully react the condition of creating.
The difference of the difference of mixing section, compression section sectional area and length and shower nozzle, air inlet, collecting chamber, plate washer, conversion zone diameter adds the different designs of flow velocity, and the quantity that can generate microvesicle in the air inflow of collecting chamber unit interval, vacuum and process produces extreme influence.The difference of length of mixing can produce certain influence to reaction time and vacuum.
When process combustion furnace, flue gas of heating furnace, system increases waste gas recycle device, and the portion gas after purification is sent into combustion chambers burn again.Waste gas recycle device, is made up of the content of nitric oxide sensor and valve actuator and special single-chip microcomputer etc. being distributed in exhaust outlet.By the real-time detection of discharging nitric oxide, the program utilizing single-chip microcomputer preset starts the valve actuator of exhaust outlet and secondary air inlet mouth, and by the control to gas port flow, the waste gas realizing setting ratio burns again.
This patent has following outstanding effect:
This Intelligent negative pressure cigarette, dirt cleaning treatment system can realize following exclusive function:
1. without the flue gas desulfurization of air-introduced machine.The negative pressure that native system utilizes high-speed liquid stream to be formed in gas collection chamber, by flue gas suction gas collecting chamber.During solution use calcium hydroxide, effectively can remove the sulfur dioxide in flue gas; When using water as medium and also can removing the sulphur of flue gas when putting into calcium carbonate in system Rose Box.
2. without the dedusting of air-introduced machine.Utilize the negative pressure that high-speed liquid stream is formed in gas collection chamber, the flue dust at the places such as disintegrating machine, shot-blasting machine and thermal power plant's coal dropping point can be collected, be that solution carries out dedusting with water.
3. the collection of volatile matter, process.In the processes such as the configuration of the toppling over of heated bitumen, industrial chemicals and industrial roast, application native system, according to the characteristic of different volatile matter, configures different liquid, can realize the collection to volatile matter and process.
As further preferred, this patent can also realize Based Intelligent Control, that is, controlled by single-chip microcomputer, and when system starts, single-chip microcomputer 12 is just opened with the content of nitric oxide sensor being distributed in exhaust outlet simultaneously, realizes the real-time detection to emission gases.If nitric oxide discharge exceeds standard, single-chip microcomputer starts the valve actuator being arranged in exhaust outlet and secondary air supply opening respectively according to the program preset, control valve open degree, by the control to gas port flow, the waste gas realizing setting ratio burns again.This Intelligent negative pressure cigarette, dirt cleaning treatment system are inhaled based on emitter by negative pressure, by inhale penetrate and the design of microvesicle generation systems different cross section and flow rate of liquid, flow control, meet the gas treatment requirement of different operating mode; At a large amount of micro-bubbles that mixing, compression and conversion zone are formed, substantially increase response area and improve reaction efficiency; Allocate different liquid, different gas treatment requirement can be adapted to; Adopt the valve opening degree of Based Intelligent Control exhaust outlet and secondary blast mouth, realize portion and burn again.
In a creative way, each effect above independently exists, and can also complete the combination of the above results with a nested structure.
It is clear that the technique effect that above structure realizes realizes, if do not consider the technical scheme of adding, this patent title can also be a kind for the treatment of facilities.Not shown part details.
It should be noted that, multiple schemes that this patent provides comprise basic scheme own, separate, mutually do not restrict, but it also can combine when not conflicting mutually, reaching multiple effect and jointly realizing.
more than show and describe general principle of the present utility model, principal character and advantage of the present utility model.Those skilled in the art should understand the utility model and not be restricted to the described embodiments; what describe in above-described embodiment and description just illustrates principle of the present utility model; under the prerequisite not departing from the utility model spirit and scope; the utility model also has various changes and modifications, and these changes and improvements all fall in claimed scope.

Claims (6)

1. Intelligent negative pressure clarifying smoke treatment system, it is characterized in that, comprise fluid reservoir (7), liquid is had in it, also comprise the gas-liquid mixed stage placed on it, described gas-liquid mixed stage air inclusion collecting chamber, also comprise the shower nozzle inserting gas collection chamber, described shower nozzle connects liquid by pipeline, described gas collection chamber connects a source of the gas, below gas collection chamber, bore shrinks, the section that described bore shrinks is mixing section (2), mixing section is connected to a duct-like compression section, pass into the conversion zone of below subsequently, the bore of described conversion zone is greater than the bore of compression section, conversion zone lower opening passes into fluid reservoir (7).
2. Intelligent negative pressure clarifying smoke treatment system as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that, the exit position that compression section is connected with conversion zone comprises a baffle plate.
3. Intelligent negative pressure clarifying smoke treatment system as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that, (7) also comprise exhaust outlet to described fluid reservoir, and exhaust outlet has air bleeding valve.
4. Intelligent negative pressure clarifying smoke treatment system as claimed in claim 1, is characterized in that, described shower nozzle connects the inner liquid of fluid reservoir (7) by pipeline.
5. Intelligent negative pressure clarifying smoke treatment system as claimed in claim 1, is characterized in that, described gas collection chamber connects one and pollutes source of the gas.
6. Intelligent negative pressure clarifying smoke treatment system as claimed in claim 2, it is characterized in that, described baffle plate is arc.
CN201520329706.2U 2015-05-21 2015-05-21 Intelligent negative pressure clarifying smoke treatment system Expired - Fee Related CN204656219U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201520329706.2U CN204656219U (en) 2015-05-21 2015-05-21 Intelligent negative pressure clarifying smoke treatment system

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201520329706.2U CN204656219U (en) 2015-05-21 2015-05-21 Intelligent negative pressure clarifying smoke treatment system

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107744998A (en) * 2017-11-28 2018-03-02 建瓯市恒顺炭业有限公司 A kind of environmental protection type for smoke collects control set for adjusting and its application

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107744998A (en) * 2017-11-28 2018-03-02 建瓯市恒顺炭业有限公司 A kind of environmental protection type for smoke collects control set for adjusting and its application
CN107744998B (en) * 2017-11-28 2023-11-10 建瓯市恒顺炭业有限公司 Environment-friendly flue gas collection, adjustment and control device and application thereof

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CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee
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Granted publication date: 20150923

Termination date: 20210521