CN204585886U - Speed change booster body and speed change end boost pressure machine - Google Patents

Speed change booster body and speed change end boost pressure machine Download PDF

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Publication number
CN204585886U
CN204585886U CN201520178005.3U CN201520178005U CN204585886U CN 204585886 U CN204585886 U CN 204585886U CN 201520178005 U CN201520178005 U CN 201520178005U CN 204585886 U CN204585886 U CN 204585886U
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China
Prior art keywords
speed change
lever
contiguous block
hinged
take
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CN201520178005.3U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
周衍增
李新喜
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SHANDONG DUOXING ELECTRICAL APPLIANCE CO Ltd
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SHANDONG DUOXING ELECTRICAL APPLIANCE CO Ltd
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Abstract

A kind of speed change booster body and speed change end boost pressure machine, belong to press device field.It is characterized in that: comprise contiguous block (604), two linkages that symmetry is hinged on contiguous block (604) both sides and the guider that contiguous block (604) is led, described linkage comprises the hinged take-off lever of star (601), input lever (602) and swing arm (603), linkage is hinged on described contiguous block (604) by input lever (602), take-off lever (601), input lever (602) swings in same plane or in parallel plane with swing arm (603), the free end of take-off lever (601) is clutch end.Speed change booster body working stability of the present utility model, can realize speed change supercharging, and lead to output pressure; During the work of speed change end boost pressure machine, shared volume is little, and the noise produced when working is little, and capacity usage ratio is high.

Description

Speed change booster body and speed change end boost pressure machine
Technical field
Speed change booster body and speed change end boost pressure machine, belong to press device field, is specifically related to a kind of speed change booster body and speed change end boost pressure machine.
Background technology
Forcing press is used for lathe material being carried out to pressure processing, make it deform and rupture to be processed into part by applying powerful pressure to blank, be easy to realize mechanization, automation, be suitable for working on transfer matic, be widely used in the industry such as automobile, boats and ships.Existing forcing press one is processed workpiece by cylinder, also has one to be by machine driving, and the pressure being upper-lower position by the torque conversion that flywheel produces is processed workpiece.The partial pressure that power set provide can only be used for processing work by the forcing press of these two kinds of modes, and during work, noise is larger.
Summary of the invention
Problem to be solved in the utility model is: overcome the deficiencies in the prior art, provides a kind of working stability, can realize speed change supercharging and the speed change booster body led to output pressure and speed change end boost pressure machine.
The utility model solves the technical scheme that its technical problem adopts: this speed change booster body, it is characterized in that: comprise contiguous block, two linkages that symmetry is hinged on contiguous block both sides and guider that contiguous block is led, described linkage comprises the hinged take-off lever of star, input lever and swing arm, linkage is hinged on described contiguous block by input lever, take-off lever, input lever and swing arm swing in same plane or in parallel plane, and the free end of take-off lever is clutch end.
Preferably, the free end of described swing arm and the free end of take-off lever are hinged with mount pad respectively, and the mount pad of swing arm is fixedly installed.
Preferably, two described linkages lay respectively at the left and right sides of contiguous block, each linkage has two the described input levers being hinged on both sides before and after contiguous block respectively, each input lever is hinged between two described take-off levers or two described swing arms, and take-off lever and swing arm are hinged one to one.
Preferably, described take-off lever is between corresponding swing arm and input lever.
Preferably, described guider comprises the axis of guide be fixed on below contiguous block and the guideway be enclosed within outside the axis of guide, and guideway is fixedly installed.
Apply a speed change end boost pressure machine for speed change booster body, comprise the movable table in frame, frame and power set, it is characterized in that: described power set are arranged on above frame, speed change booster body is arranged on the top of movable table; Described power set are connected with described contiguous block, and promote contiguous block and move up and down, the other end of described swing arm is hinged on upper rack, and described take-off lever is hinged on movable table.
Preferably, described frame comprises column, be fixed on the supporting seat of column bottom and be fixed on the crossbeam on column top, and described movable table can slide up and down and is arranged on column.
Preferably, described frame and speed change booster body are provided with the stroke of the movable table described in adjustment and spacing position-limit mechanism.
Preferably, described position-limit mechanism comprises the limiting plate that upper end is fixed on the proximity switch installing plate on described crossbeam, the proximity switch on proximity switch installing plate and is fixed on described speed change booster body, proximity switch has two, be arranged on the two ends up and down of proximity switch installing plate respectively, limiting plate moves up and down with described speed change booster body and makes proximity switch action.
Preferably, described power set are hydraulic cylinder, and hydraulic cylinder is fixed on the upper center of crossbeam, and the piston rod of hydraulic cylinder is fixedly connected with contiguous block through after crossbeam.
Compared with prior art, the beneficial effect that the utility model has is:
1, the input lever of linkage, take-off lever and the speed of swing arm to contiguous block change, and are exported by take-off lever, and make the pressure increase that take-off lever exports, speed change booster body structure is simple; Linkage, while speed change supercharging, also reduces the displacement of output, reduces the volume of speed change supercharging device and the space needed for work; Guiding mechanism leads to contiguous block, makes the motion of contiguous block consistent with the motion of output, makes the work of speed change booster body more steady.
2, each linkage has two input levers be hinged on contiguous block, each input lever is hinged between two take-off levers or swing arm, and take-off lever is between corresponding swing arm and input lever, make the intensity of input lever, take-off lever and swing arm higher, longer service life, works more stable.
3, the power set of speed change end boost pressure machine drive movable table to move up and down by speed change booster body, stable working, long service life; Because during work, the speed of movable table is less, the noise of generation is less.
4, position-limit mechanism plays position-limiting action to movable table, shields to forcing press; Position-limit mechanism can also regulate the stroke of movable table.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the mechanism principle figure of speed change booster body.
Fig. 2 is the structural representation of speed change end boost pressure machine.
Fig. 3 is the schematic rear view of speed change end boost pressure machine.
In figure: 1, base 2, movable table 3, column 4, crossbeam 5, hydraulic cylinder 501, piston rod 6, speed change booster body 601, take-off lever 602, input lever 603, swing arm 604, contiguous block 605, upper mount pad 606, lower mount pad 7, mould 8, supporting seat 9, proximity switch installing plate 10, the axis of guide 11, guideway.
Detailed description of the invention
Fig. 1 ~ 3 are most preferred embodiments of the present utility model, are described further below in conjunction with accompanying drawing 1 ~ 3 pair of the utility model.
A kind of speed change booster body, comprise contiguous block 604, two linkages that symmetry is hinged on contiguous block 604 both sides and guider that contiguous block 604 is led, linkage comprises the hinged take-off lever of star 601, input lever 602 and swing arm 603, linkage is hinged on contiguous block 604 by input lever 602, take-off lever 601, input lever 602 swing in same plane or in parallel plane with swing arm 603, and the free end of take-off lever 601 is clutch end.The speed of the input lever 602 of linkage, take-off lever 601 and swing arm 603 pairs of contiguous blocks 604 changes, and is exported by take-off lever 601, and make the pressure increase that take-off lever 601 exports, structure is simple; Linkage, while speed change supercharging, also reduces the displacement of output, reduces the volume of speed change supercharging device and the space needed for work; Guiding mechanism leads to contiguous block 604, makes the motion of contiguous block 604 consistent with the motion of output, makes the work of speed change booster body more steady.
Concrete: as shown in Figure 1: two linkages that speed change booster body 6 comprises two linkages, symmetry is hinged on contiguous block 604 both sides and the guider that contiguous block 604 is led.Guider comprises the axis of guide 10 and guideway 11, and the axis of guide 10 is fixed on below contiguous block 604, and the diameter of the axis of guide 10 is equal with the internal diameter of guideway 11.Guideway 11 can slide up and down and is enclosed within the axis of guide 10 outside, and guideway 11 is for being fixed on movable table 2.Guider makes contiguous block 604 be consistent with the motion of output, to prevent from causing damage to power set or frame during work.
Mount pad comprises mount pad 605 and lower mount pad 606.Linkage comprises the hinged input lever of star 602, take-off lever 601 and swing arm 603, and the free end of swing arm 603 is hinged on mount pad 605, and upper mount pad 605 is for being arranged on frame.The free end of input lever 602 is hinged on contiguous block 604.The free end of take-off lever 601 is hinged on lower mount pad 606, and lower mount pad 606 is for being arranged on movable table 2.The take-off lever 601 of speed change booster body 6 and the effect of swing arm 603 can phase trans-substitutions, and fixed by lower mount pad 606, upper mount pad 605 just as output, also can play the effect of speed change supercharging.The free end of swing arm 603 also directly can be hinged on upper rack, and the free end of take-off lever 601 also can directly be hinged on movable table 2.
Each linkage has two input levers 602 being hinged on both sides before and after contiguous block 604 respectively, and each input lever 602 is hinged on after between two take-off levers 601, then is hinged between two swing arms 603.Make input lever 602, take-off lever 601 and swing arm 603 intensity higher, long service life, and work is more stable.Take-off lever 601, input lever 602 are identical with the length of swing arm 603.The length relation of input lever 602, take-off lever 601 and swing arm 603 can also adjust according to the workpiece that will process, thus the change curve of the speed of adjustment movable table 2, and then output pressure is regulated.The quantity of the input lever 602 of each hinge arrangement, take-off lever 601 and swing arm 603 can also adjust according to the load of forcing press, and the arrangement mode of input lever 602, take-off lever 601 and swing arm 603 adjusts according to its quantity.
Contiguous block 604 top is provided with the connecting portion for being connected with power set.
When two input levers 602 of speed change booster body 6 and contiguous block 604 are positioned on the straight line of same horizontal direction, swing arm 603 and take-off lever 601 are positioned on the straight line of same vertical direction, now the output speed of speed change booster body 6 is minimum, and output pressure is maximum.
As shown in Fig. 2 ~ 3: speed change end boost pressure machine frame comprises the crossbeam 4 on the supporting seat 8 of bottom, column 3 and top.Supporting seat 8 and crossbeam 4 are square plate, and supporting seat 8 and crossbeam 4 are separately fixed at the two ends of column 3, and column 3 has four, lay respectively at four right angle of supporting seat 8 and crossbeam 4.
Movable table 2 is the square plate identical with crossbeam 4 size, and four right angle of movable table 2 have a through hole, and column 3 makes movable table 2 can slide up and down through through hole to be arranged in frame.
The upper mount pad 605 of speed change booster body 6 is bolted on crossbeam 4, and lower mount pad 606 is bolted on movable table 2, and the lower mount pad 606 of speed change booster body 6 drives movable table 2 to move up and down; The lower end of guideway 11 is fixed on the middle part of movable table 2.
Power set are hydraulic cylinder 5, and hydraulic cylinder 5 is fixed on the upper center of crossbeam 4, and the piston rod 501 of hydraulic cylinder 5 is fixedly connected with the connecting portion of contiguous block 604 through after crossbeam 4, and drives contiguous block 604 to move up and down, and make movable table 2 realize moving up and down.Power set can also be cylinders.
Frame and speed change booster body 6 are provided with position-limit mechanism, the limiting plate that position-limit mechanism comprises proximity switch installing plate 9, is fixed on the proximity switch on proximity switch installing plate 9 and is fixed on contiguous block 604.Proximity switch installing plate 9 is opening " Contraband " shape to the right, and the horizontal part above proximity switch installing plate 9 is bolted on crossbeam 4.Proximity switch has two, and one is bolted on the horizontal part below proximity switch installing plate 9, and another is arranged between proximity switch installing plate 9 two horizontal parts by square thin plate and also can regulates in the vertical direction.Limiting plate is rectangle thin plate, and limiting plate one end to be fixed on contiguous block 604 and to move up and down with contiguous block 604, makes two proximity switch actions.Proximity switch is photo-electric proximity switch, compared with travel switch, and the highly sensitive and long service life of photo-electric proximity switch.The movement of position-limit mechanism to movable table 2 in the vertical direction is carried out spacing, and can by the stroke regulating the proximity switch of top to regulate movable table 2.
Be fixed on bottom frame on base 1.Base 1 is welded into " work " glyph framework by channel-section steel, and the two horizontal parts of " work " glyph framework is welded by spaced two parallel channel-section steels respectively with vertical portion.Two head bottom part of base 1 two horizontal parts are fixed with square plate respectively, and steadily the work of build-up of pressure machine is not steady to prevent ground.Frame lower is bolted on the middle part of base 1.
The course of work is as follows: be separately fixed at by mould 7 on supporting seat 8 and movable table 2, and makes the piston rod 501 of hydraulic cylinder 5 drive movable table 2 to move upward to stroke top dead center, puts into needing the workpiece of processing between mould 7.Primer fluid press pump, the piston rod 501 of hydraulic cylinder 5 drives movable table 2 to move downward by speed change booster body 6, and movable table 2 does the retarded motion that acceleration increases gradually, the speed of movable table 2 when idle stroke, and pressure is less; When the mould 7 be arranged on movable table 2 is with absorption surface, forcing press enters impulse stroke; Forcing press is when impulse stroke, and the speed of movable table 2 is less, and pressure is larger.After impulse stroke terminates, work pieces process completes, now the limiting plate of position-limit mechanism and below proximity switch close to and make the proximity switch action of below, hydraulic pump quits work.The movable table 2 of forcing press is positioned at bottom of stroke, the swing arm 603 of speed change booster body 6 and take-off lever 601 are positioned on the vertical straight line of same, two input levers 602 and contiguous block 604 are positioned on the straight line of same level, and now the pressure of movable table 2 is maximum.
After work pieces process, the piston rod 501 of hydraulic cylinder 5 drives movable table 2 to move upward, and when the proximity switch of limiting plate close to top, the proximity switch action on top, hydraulic pump quits work, and movable table 2 is positioned at stroke top dead center.The workpiece processed is taken off, and changes the workpiece needing processing.
The working time of an impulse stroke and pressure are redistributed by speed change end boost pressure machine of the present utility model, and very fast in idle stroke hourly velocity, pressure is less; During impulse stroke, speed is comparatively slow, and pressure is comparatively large, improves the quality of workpiece, reduces noise, and make forcing press more energy-conservation.
Speed change booster body 6 can also be arranged on other press and carry out supercharging, makes press capacity usage ratio high, more energy-conservation.
The movable table 2 that complete stroke refers to forcing press moves to the stroke of bottom of stroke from the top dead centre of stroke; A complete stroke comprises idle stroke and impulse stroke, it is idle stroke that movable table 2 moves to from the top dead centre of stroke the LAP that mould 7 contacts with workpiece, and it is impulse stroke that movable table 2 touches from mould 7 LAP that workpiece moves to bottom of stroke to movable table 2.
The above, it is only preferred embodiment of the present utility model, be not restriction the utility model being made to other form, any those skilled in the art may utilize the technology contents of above-mentioned announcement to be changed or be modified as the Equivalent embodiments of equivalent variations.But everyly do not depart from technical solutions of the utility model content, any simple modification, equivalent variations and the remodeling done above embodiment according to technical spirit of the present utility model, still belong to the protection domain of technical solutions of the utility model.

Claims (10)

1. a speed change booster body, it is characterized in that: comprise contiguous block (604), two linkages that symmetry is hinged on contiguous block (604) both sides and the guider that contiguous block (604) is led, described linkage comprises the hinged take-off lever of star (601), input lever (602) and swing arm (603), linkage is hinged on described contiguous block (604) by input lever (602), take-off lever (601), input lever (602) swings in same plane or in parallel plane with swing arm (603), the free end of take-off lever (601) is clutch end.
2. speed change booster body according to claim 1, is characterized in that: the free end of described swing arm (603) and the free end of take-off lever (601) are hinged with mount pad respectively, and the mount pad of swing arm (603) is fixedly installed.
3. speed change booster body according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: two described linkages lay respectively at the left and right sides of contiguous block (604), each linkage has two the described input levers (602) being hinged on both sides before and after contiguous block (604) respectively, each input lever (602) is hinged between two described take-off levers (601) or two described swing arms (603), and take-off lever (601) is hinged one to one with swing arm (603).
4. speed change booster body according to claim 3, is characterized in that: described take-off lever (601) is positioned between corresponding swing arm (603) and input lever (602).
5. speed change booster body according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described guider comprise be fixed on contiguous block (604) below the axis of guide (10) and be enclosed within the axis of guide (10) guideway outward (11), guideway (11) is fixedly installed.
6. the speed change end boost pressure machine of the speed change booster body of an application rights requirement described in 1 ~ 5 any one, comprise the movable table (2) in frame, frame and power set, it is characterized in that: described power set are arranged on above frame, speed change booster body (6) is arranged on the top of movable table (2); Described power set are connected with described contiguous block (604), and promote contiguous block (604) and move up and down, the other end of described swing arm (603) is hinged on upper rack, and described take-off lever (601) is hinged on movable table (2).
7. speed change end boost pressure machine according to claim 6, it is characterized in that: described frame comprises column (3), be fixed on the supporting seat (8) of column (3) bottom and be fixed on the crossbeam (4) on column (3) top, and described movable table (2) can slide up and down and is arranged on column (3).
8. speed change end boost pressure machine according to claim 6, is characterized in that: described frame and speed change booster body (6) are provided with the stroke of the movable table (2) described in adjustment and spacing position-limit mechanism.
9. speed change end boost pressure machine according to claim 8, it is characterized in that: described position-limit mechanism comprises the limiting plate that upper end is fixed on the proximity switch installing plate (9) in described frame, the proximity switch on proximity switch installing plate (9) and is fixed on described speed change booster body (6), proximity switch has two, be arranged on the two ends up and down of proximity switch installing plate (9) respectively, limiting plate moves up and down with described speed change booster body (6) and makes proximity switch action.
10. speed change end boost pressure machine according to claim 6, it is characterized in that: described power set are hydraulic cylinder (5), hydraulic cylinder (5) is fixed on the upper center of crossbeam (4), and the piston rod (501) of hydraulic cylinder (5) is fixedly connected with contiguous block (604) afterwards through crossbeam (4).
CN201520178005.3U 2015-03-27 2015-03-27 Speed change booster body and speed change end boost pressure machine Active CN204585886U (en)

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104723592A (en) * 2015-03-27 2015-06-24 山东多星电器有限公司 Variable-speed pressurizing mechanism and variable-speed tail end pressurizing press

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104723592A (en) * 2015-03-27 2015-06-24 山东多星电器有限公司 Variable-speed pressurizing mechanism and variable-speed tail end pressurizing press

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