CN204556393U - A kind of soil pressure testing device - Google Patents

A kind of soil pressure testing device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN204556393U
CN204556393U CN201520195953.8U CN201520195953U CN204556393U CN 204556393 U CN204556393 U CN 204556393U CN 201520195953 U CN201520195953 U CN 201520195953U CN 204556393 U CN204556393 U CN 204556393U
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China
Prior art keywords
soil pressure
testing device
measured
works
pressurized panel
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Withdrawn - After Issue
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CN201520195953.8U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
张永杰
王桂尧
夏旖琪
沙琳川
杨闻达
肖侃
李侑军
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Changsha University of Science and Technology
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Changsha University of Science and Technology
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Abstract

The utility model relates to pressure test technical field, disclose a kind of soil pressure testing device, it comprises pressurized panel, pressure transducer and elastic baffle, described pressurized panel is connected with works to be measured by described pressure transducer, described pressurized panel is the shape adapted with the surface of works to be measured, the surrounding of described pressurized panel and described works to be measured is tightly connected by described elastic baffle, forms the airtight test space.The utility model structure is simple, dependable performance, measuring accuracy are high, and test data more accurately can reflect the stress of works to be measured.

Description

A kind of soil pressure testing device
Technical field
The utility model relates to earth pressure test technical field in Geotechnical Engineering, particularly relates to a kind of soil pressure testing device.
Background technology
Soil pressure measurement is one of important content of study of various geotechnical engineering problems mechanical mechanism, extensively adopts soil pressure cell to measure soil pressure in various shop experiment.But existing soil pressure cell is many to be tested based on steel chord type vibration principle, because string wire elastic modulus causes more greatly it more weak to the monitoring capability of soil pressure slight change, show as measuring accuracy inadequate, output sensitivity is not high.Simultaneously, when measuring the soil pressure that curved surface Retaining Structures (as Model Pile, tunnels mimic supporting construction etc.) is subject to, because existing soil pressure cell shape is small-diameter circular cylinder, box surface is the plane that rigidity is larger, the ratio of tested area and Retaining Structures area is less, and cannot test surfaces be adjusted, cause test data distortion.
Utility model content
(1) technical matters that will solve
The purpose of this utility model is to provide the soil pressure testing device that a kind of structure is simple, dependable performance, measuring accuracy are high.
(2) technical scheme
In order to solve the problems of the technologies described above, the utility model provides a kind of soil pressure testing device, it is characterized in that, comprise pressurized panel, pressure transducer and elastic baffle, described pressurized panel is connected with works to be measured by described pressure transducer, described pressurized panel is the shape adapted with the surface of works to be measured, and the surrounding of described pressurized panel and described works to be measured is tightly connected by described elastic baffle, forms the airtight test space.
Wherein, described pressure transducer comprises strain beam, the upper and lower surface of described strain beam posts resistance strain gage respectively, one end of described strain beam is connected with described works to be measured, the other end of described strain beam is connected with described pressurized panel, and described resistance strain gage is wired to outside soil pressure tester.
Wherein, one end of described strain beam is connected with described works to be measured by anchoring nut, and the other end of described strain beam is connected with described pressurized panel by power transmission nut.
Wherein, described elastic baffle is preferably rubber baffle, and described rubber baffle is removably disposed between described pressurized panel and described works to be measured.
Wherein, when comprising multiple described soil pressure testing device, linked together by rubber lapping plate between multiple described soil pressure testing device.
Wherein, described pressurized panel is rigid panel, and described pressurized panel is removably connected with described pressure transducer.
(3) beneficial effect
Compared with prior art, the utility model has the following advantages:
A kind of soil pressure testing device that the utility model provides, the pressurized panel adopted, can regulate size dimension or the shape of pressurized panel, to adapt to different test environments according to difference works barment tag to be measured, output sensitivity is improved, and measurement result is more accurate;
By anchoring nut, pressure transducer is fixed on works to be measured, effectively can solves existing pressure transducer and be subjected to displacement with soil disturbance, and cause the problem of the distortion of test figure.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is a kind of mounting structure schematic diagram of the utility model soil pressure testing device;
Fig. 2 is the similar alternative arrangements schematic diagram of the utility model soil pressure testing device;
Fig. 3 is the structural representation that multiple soil pressure testing device of the present utility model links together;
Fig. 4 is the vertical view of Fig. 3;
Fig. 5 is the installation model one-piece construction schematic diagram of the utility model soil pressure testing device;
Fig. 6 is the soil pressure force value and the theoretical value correlation curve figure that adopt soil pressure testing device and utilize modified computing formulae correction;
Fig. 7 is workflow diagram of the present utility model.
In figure: 1: pressurized panel; 2: elastic baffle; 3: rubber lapping plate; 4: strain beam; 5: resistance strain gage; 6: power transmission nut; 7: anchoring nut; 8: wire; 9: through wires hole; 10: works to be measured; 11: soil pressure testing device; 12: Model Pile; 13: simulation side slope; 14: top, slope vertical load.
Embodiment
Below in conjunction with drawings and Examples, embodiment of the present utility model is described in further detail.Following instance for illustration of the utility model, but is not used for limiting scope of the present utility model.
In description of the present utility model, it should be noted that, term " " center ", " longitudinal direction ", " transverse direction ", " on ", D score, " front ", " afterwards ", " left side ", " right side ", " vertically ", " level ", " top ", " end " " interior ", orientation or the position relationship of the instruction such as " outward " are based on orientation shown in the drawings or position relationship, only the utility model and simplified characterization for convenience of description, instead of indicate or imply that the device of indication or element must have specific orientation, with specific azimuth configuration and operation, therefore can not be interpreted as restriction of the present utility model.
In description of the present utility model, it should be noted that, unless otherwise clearly defined and limited, term " installation ", " being connected ", " connection " should be interpreted broadly, and such as, can be fixedly connected with, also can be removably connect, or connect integratedly; Can be mechanical connection, also can be electrical connection; Can be directly be connected, also indirectly can be connected by intermediary, can be the connection of two element internals.For the ordinary skill in the art, concrete condition the concrete meaning of above-mentioned term in the utility model can be understood.
In addition, in description of the present utility model, except as otherwise noted, the implication of " multiple ", " many ", " many groups " is two or more.
As depicted in figs. 1 and 2, for a kind of soil pressure testing device 11 that the utility model provides, it comprises pressurized panel 1, pressure transducer and elastic baffle 2, described pressurized panel 1 is connected with works 10 to be measured by described pressure transducer, described pressurized panel 1 is rigid panel, and the profile of described pressurized panel 1 and the surface of works to be measured such as, in the shape adapted, curved, circular arc etc., so that both mate better, thus make measurement result more close to actual value; Pressurized panel 1 can according to the appearance features of difference works 10 to be measured, and adjusting size, shape are to adapt to different test environment, and output sensitivity is improved, and measurement result is more accurate; Described pressurized panel 1 removably connects with described pressure transducer, thus guarantees to change according to the surface configuration of different works to be measured 10 the described pressurized panel 1 matched with it; Particularly, described pressure transducer comprises strain beam 4 resistance strain gage 5 identical with the resistance of the upper and lower surface being affixed on described strain beam 4 respectively, one end of described strain beam 4 is fixedly connected with described works 10 to be measured, the other end of described strain beam 4 is connected with described pressurized panel 1, described pressurized panel 1 is tightly connected by described elastic baffle 2 with the surrounding of described works 10 to be measured, forms the airtight test space; Described resistance strain gage 5 is connected to outside soil pressure tester as pressure digital display instrument, with the force value of display measurement by wire 8; Measuring accuracy is high, dependable performance.
Particularly, one end of described strain beam 4 is connected with described works 10 to be measured by anchoring nut 7, by anchoring nut 7, soil pressure testing device 11 is fixed in Model Pile, effectively can solve existing soil pressure testing device 11 to be subjected to displacement with soil disturbance, cause the problem of the distortion of test figure; The other end of described strain beam 4 is connected with described pressurized panel 1 by power transmission nut 6, by power transmission nut 6, soil pressure is passed to strain beam 4, make strain beam 4 produce small amount of deflection, cause resistance strain gage 5 change in resistance, thus soil pressure change is converted into electric signal and is exported.
For the ease of measuring pressure, described strain beam 4 is connected by the center of described power transmission nut 6 with described pressurized panel 1.
Preferably, described elastic baffle 2 is rubber baffle, and described rubber baffle is removably disposed between described pressurized panel 1 and described works to be measured 10, provides good hermetical testing space to pressure transducer.
In addition, for the ease of the layout of wire 8, described elastic baffle 2 is provided with the through wires hole 9 for the wire 8 through described resistance strain gage 5.
As shown in Figure 3 and Figure 4, when needs carry out large area earth pressure test, and when needing to use multiple described soil pressure testing device 11, linked together by rubber lapping plate 3 between multiple described soil pressure testing device 11, particularly, linked together by described rubber lapping plate 3 between pressurized panel 1 on multiple described soil pressure testing device 11, be assembled into large-area stressed panel, to form multiple spot earth pressure test matrix; The periphery of multiple described soil pressure testing device 11 connects into seal cavity by described elastic baffle 2; Obtain the stress data of diverse location on a large scale.
Adopt the principle of work of the soil pressure testing device 11 of technique scheme: act on the soil pressure on pressurized panel 1, by power transmission nut 6, soil pressure is passed to strain beam 4, strain beam 4 is made to produce small amount of deflection, cause foil gauge change in resistance, thus soil pressure change is converted into electric signal and is exported; Adopt pressurized panel 1, more truly can measure the soil pressure force value such as shop experiment comparatively under subenvironment, the soil pressure force value that curved surface Retaining Structures is subject to as Model Pile, tunnels mimic supporting construction etc.
Utilize above-mentioned soil pressure testing device 11 to carry out the modified computing method of earth pressure test, it comprises the steps:
Soil pressure within the scope of S1, pressurized panel 1 surface area passes to strain beam 4 one end by power transmission nut 6, thus strain beam 4 produces deformation deflection, causes resistance strain gage 5 change in resistance, and resistance strain gage 5 exports the elastic strain amount caused thus; According to elastic displacement formula, under the soil pressure effect within the scope of pressurized panel 1 surface area α Rl, the deformation deflection relational expression of strain beam 4 is:
ω 0 = Σ ∫ M ‾ M p EI ds = P 1 l 3 3 EI = K P 0 - - - ( 1 ) ;
In formula, ω 0for the deformation deflection that strain beam 4 produces; P 0for the soil pressure within the scope of pressurized panel 1 surface area α Rl; α is the bent limit radian of pressurized panel 1; R is the subsequent corrosion of pressurized panel 1; L is the length of straight flange of pressurized panel 1; K is the material coefficient of pressure transducer, and during to specified pressure sensor, K is constant; E is the deformation modulus of strain beam 4; I is the moment of inertia of strain beam 4; M pfor strain beam 4 is under pressure caused moment; for the moment that unit masterpiece is subject to lower strain beam 4; Ds is a certain micro-section of strain beam 4; P 1pressure suffered by that end that strain beam 4 is connected with power transmission nut, P here 1=P 0;
S2, according to each point axial strain ε on pressure transducer 0with deformation deflection ω 0relation calculate axial strain ε 0, computing formula is:
ϵ 0 = ω 0 k - - - ( 2 ) ;
In formula, k is the size factor of pressure transducer, k=a 2/ h; A is the length of pressure transducer; H is the height of pressure transducer; For a certain pressure transducer determined, k is constant;
S3, basis (1), (2) two formula and the deflection exported by soil pressure tester, the soil pressure measured value that can obtain effect within the scope of pressurized panel 1 surface area α Rl is:
P 0 = k K ϵ 0 - - - ( 3 )
The above-mentioned soil pressure force value recorded soil pressure force value suffered by pressurized panel 1, different tests needs the pressurized panel 1 of difformity size, different materials, now inevitably there is measuring error; In addition, the surface area that the surface area of pressurized panel 1 and works to be measured 10 need be tested is unequal, for obtaining soil pressure force value suffered by Retaining Structures, need obtain exact value by modified computing formulae to its measured value correction;
S4, according to soil pressure measured value modified computing formulae
P = Π i = 1 n k i · P 0 - - - ( 4 )
The soil pressure force value within the scope of the surface area α rl that revised works to be measured is corresponding can be calculated;
In formula, k i(i=1,2,3 ...) correction factor of measuring error caused by every influence factor;
Soil pressure directly acts on pressurized panel 1, and recorded by the soil pressure testing device 11 perpendicular to soil pressure action direction, and the surface of works 10 to be measured and pressurized panel 1 are in the similar curved surface of outward appearance, thus ratio and the pressurized panel 1 of surveyed soil pressure and soil pressure suffered by works 10 to be measured and the subsequent corrosion of works 10 to be measured are than similar, thus by calculating the soil pressure correction factor k on works 10 surface to be measured 1for:
k 1=r/R (5)
In formula, R is the subsequent corrosion of pressurized panel 1; R is the subsequent corrosion of works 10 to be measured;
Because pressurized panel 1 exists curved surface effect, suffered by the arcuate segments of pressurized panel 1, the impact of friction resistance on earth pressure test result is very important, and its influence value is relevant with the radian size of pressurized panel 1, introduces friction resistance correction factor k thus 2:
k 2 = α - π 3 + 0.1 cos α + 1.68 - - - ( 6 )
In formula, α is the bent limit radian of pressurized panel 1, as α <1, and k 2get 1;
Soil pressure testing device 11 need be fixed on Retaining Structures surface when measuring soil pressure, certain disturbance can be produced thus to original stress field, inevitably change original stress field around it, stress is caused to concentrate and stresses re-distribution phenomenon, and the physical dimension of soil pressure testing device 11 is one of principal elements affecting original stress field around it, therefore, size effect correction factor k is introduced 3:
k 3 = 1 + d 2 Rl sin ( &alpha; / 2 ) - - - ( 7 )
In formula, l is the length of straight flange of pressurized panel 1; α is the bent limit radian of pressurized panel 1; D is the thickness of soil pressure testing device 11.
There is compatibility of deformation process when measuring in make it different from surrounding soil-structure interactions rigidity of pressurized panel 1, elastic baffle 2, rubber lapping plate 3 pairs of pressurized panels 1 conjugate also there is certain influence, introduce material deformation influence coefficient k thus 4, its value and pressurized panel 1, elastic baffle 2 material itself are relevant, and the related data provided by material maker is determined, or is measured by actual tests.
In order to understand the thought of earth pressure test modified computing method of the present utility model better, the utility model provides a specific embodiment so that the utility model to be described:
Specific embodiment: certain pile foundation bearer properties development test, for Study of Landslides thrust is on the impact of pile foundation inner-force, need carry out Measurement accuracy to soil pressure suffered by Model Pile stake week.Test unit model as shown in Figure 5, test model stake 12 long 1m, stake footpath 0.1m, pile body elastic modulus E=2.8GPa; Simulation side slope 13 gradient is 45 °, and material of rock and soil is prototype gradation sand.Adopt the utility model soil pressure testing device 11 to after stake everywhere soil pressure force value measure, the macromolecular material that device pressurized panel 1 adopts rigidity larger, its cambered surface is similar in outward appearance to Model Pile surface to be measured, radian measure alpha=π/3, bent limit, subsequent corrosion R=6cm, length of straight flange h=8cm.During test, apply top, slope vertical load 14 step by step, after its load is stable, record digital display instrument display result.Test data sheet result is as table one:
Carry out conversion by formula (3) to obtain recording soil around pile force value as table two:
Modified computing formulae described in the utility model is utilized to revise measured value.Curved surface expansion correction factor k can be obtained by the computing formula of above material parameter and formula (5) 1=5/6=0.833, friction resistance correction factor k 2=1, size effect correction factor material deformation influence coefficient k 4=1.1, by the then revised soil pressure force value that each correction factor substitutes in formula (4) be
Adopt soil pressure testing device 11 and utilize the soil pressure force value result of modified computing formulae correction and theoretical value correlation curve as Fig. 6.There is certain measuring error between the load measured value directly reflected by the soil pressure testing device 11 described in the utility model and load theoretical value, and carried out there is better consistance between the load modified value after measuring error corrected Calculation and load theoretical value.
As shown in Figure 7, be workflow diagram of the present utility model, first installed by soil pressure testing device 11, carry out indoor test successively, record reading, soil pressure force value converts, measured value correction, finally completes soil pressure and measures.
As can be seen from the above embodiments, this structure of the utility model is simple, easily manufactured, dependable performance, and measurement is surveyed highly sensitive, makes test data more accurately can reflect the stress of works to be measured, is conducive to all kinds of engineering problem research and development.
The foregoing is only preferred embodiment of the present utility model; not in order to limit the utility model; all within spirit of the present utility model and principle, any amendment done, equivalent replacement, improvement etc., all should be included within protection domain of the present utility model.

Claims (6)

1. a soil pressure testing device, it is characterized in that, comprise pressurized panel, pressure transducer and elastic baffle, described pressurized panel is connected with works to be measured by described pressure transducer, described pressurized panel is the shape adapted with the surface of works to be measured, the surrounding of described pressurized panel and described works to be measured is tightly connected by described elastic baffle, forms the airtight test space.
2. soil pressure testing device as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that, described pressure transducer comprises strain beam, the upper and lower surface of described strain beam posts resistance strain gage respectively, one end of described strain beam is connected with described works to be measured, the other end of described strain beam is connected with described pressurized panel, and described resistance strain gage is wired to outside soil pressure tester.
3. soil pressure testing device as claimed in claim 2, is characterized in that, one end of described strain beam is connected with described works to be measured by anchoring nut, and the other end of described strain beam is connected with described pressurized panel by power transmission nut.
4. soil pressure testing device as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that, described elastic baffle is rubber baffle, and described rubber baffle is removably disposed between described pressurized panel and described works to be measured.
5. soil pressure testing device as claimed in claim 1, being is characterized in that, when comprising multiple described soil pressure testing device, being linked together between multiple described soil pressure testing device by rubber lapping plate.
6. soil pressure testing device as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that, described pressurized panel is rigid panel, and described pressurized panel is removably connected with described pressure transducer.
CN201520195953.8U 2015-04-02 2015-04-02 A kind of soil pressure testing device Withdrawn - After Issue CN204556393U (en)

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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104792615A (en) * 2015-04-02 2015-07-22 长沙理工大学 Soil pressure test device and correction computation method for soil pressure test
CN107178074A (en) * 2017-05-23 2017-09-19 武汉港湾工程质量检测有限公司 Soil pressure against piles are detected and protection device and installation method
CN112362481A (en) * 2020-10-27 2021-02-12 哈尔滨工程大学 Pressure-resistant shell compression-resistant testing device

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104792615A (en) * 2015-04-02 2015-07-22 长沙理工大学 Soil pressure test device and correction computation method for soil pressure test
CN104792615B (en) * 2015-04-02 2017-11-17 长沙理工大学 A kind of soil pressure testing device and earth pressure test modified computing method
CN107178074A (en) * 2017-05-23 2017-09-19 武汉港湾工程质量检测有限公司 Soil pressure against piles are detected and protection device and installation method
CN112362481A (en) * 2020-10-27 2021-02-12 哈尔滨工程大学 Pressure-resistant shell compression-resistant testing device

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Granted publication date: 20150812

Effective date of abandoning: 20171117