CN204466289U - A kind of stalk cutting and returning machine - Google Patents

A kind of stalk cutting and returning machine Download PDF

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Publication number
CN204466289U
CN204466289U CN201520048596.2U CN201520048596U CN204466289U CN 204466289 U CN204466289 U CN 204466289U CN 201520048596 U CN201520048596 U CN 201520048596U CN 204466289 U CN204466289 U CN 204466289U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
rotary tillage
chopping
shaft
axle
gear
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN201520048596.2U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
彭北京
李兴荣
李少健
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Jiangsu Huanjie Machinery Technology Co Ltd
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Jiangsu Huanjie Machinery Technology Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201520048596.2U priority Critical patent/CN204466289U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN204466289U publication Critical patent/CN204466289U/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

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Abstract

The utility model discloses a kind of stalk cutting and returning machine, relate to agricultural mechanical field, comprise the frame be connected with tractor and the chopping axle be located in frame, rotary tillage shaft, the both sides of described frame are respectively equipped with chopping gear-box, rotary tillage gear box, chopping gear-box is connected chopping axle respectively with the output shaft of rotary tillage gear box, rotary tillage shaft, its power shaft is connection for transmission axle respectively, the other end of described power transmission shaft is connected to tractor drive unit, described chopping axle, rotary tillage shaft is respectively equipped with shredder bar, rotary blade, the utility model structure is simple, eliminate the use of decelerator, and there is not the situation of skidding, ensure the effect of crushed stalk, chopping axle and rotary tillage shaft are across whole frame, there is not blind area during operation or repeat operation, stalks cutting and rotary tillage is completed in one-stop operation, save the activity duration, decrease oil consumption, reduce the economic pressures of peasant.

Description

A kind of stalk cutting and returning machine
Technical field
The utility model relates to agricultural mechanical field, is specifically related to a kind of stalk cutting and returning machine.
Background technology
The grain yield of China is huge, and the stalk of crop is the renewable resources that can't neglect in agricultural production.Crops straw comprises paddy rice, wheat, corn, potato class, oil plant, cotton, sugarcane, Lin's grass, mulberry tree and other economic class agricultural crop straws.Crops straw is an important agricultural resources.As the by product of agricultural production, have that output is large, distribution is wide, supply stable feature, answer Appropriate application.In history, there is the fine tradition utilizing stalk in China, and agriculture domestic stalk builds a house and covers a day rain cover; To make a fire heating of cooking with stalk; With stalk stock keeping collected manure also field, Appropriate application stalk is one of elite of China's traditional farming.But the stalk more and more arrived is not fully utilized, become a large hidden danger of contaminated environment.In recent years, because various places government is the problem of environmental pollution that solution crop straw burning causes, the comprehensive utilization of agricultural crop straw is extremely concerned about.Existing practice shows, stalks cutting direct returning to farmland, has become the technical measures and means that solve agricultural crop straw outlet.The direct chopping and returning of agricultural crop straw increases the soil organic matter; culture fertility; improve soil structure; improve ground temperature; strengthen retaining to guarantee the quality ability, realize important measures of agricultural production cost-saving synergistic, be also protection of the environment simultaneously; develop eco-agriculture, realize the important means of agricultural sustainable development.At present, the transmission device of straw crushing and field-returning machine is generally made up of gearbox, belt drive system and power transmission shaft etc., then in use usually there will be the situation of belt creep, thus affects the effect of crushed stalk, and stalk is directly pulverized, shed in earth's surface, then rotovator is ploughed again, secondary operation, and the activity duration is long, and oil consumption, peasant need buy straw crushing and field-returning machine and rotovator, and economic pressures are comparatively large, can not solve the chopping and returning of root stubble in addition; Some field-returning machine relies on shredder bar to make stalk be scattered among soil while chopping stalk, and dispersion effect is poor.
Summary of the invention
The technical problems to be solved in the utility model is to provide a kind of stalk cutting and returning machine, effectively can solve the problem that prior art is skidded, and ensures the effect of crushed stalk, and in one-stop operation, makes stalk be scattered in uniformly among soil.
The utility model is achieved through the following technical solutions:
A kind of stalk cutting and returning machine, comprise the frame be connected with tractor and chopping axle, the rotary tillage shaft be located in frame, the both sides of described frame are respectively equipped with chopping gear-box, rotary tillage gear box, chopping gear-box is connected respectively with the output shaft of rotary tillage gear box and shreds axle, rotary tillage shaft, its power shaft is connection for transmission axle respectively, the other end of described power transmission shaft is connected to tractor drive unit, and described chopping axle, rotary tillage shaft are respectively equipped with shredder bar, rotary blade.
The further improvement project of the utility model is, the two ends of described power transmission shaft are respectively equipped with universal joint, one end of two power transmission shafts is connected with tractor drive unit respectively by universal joint, and the other end is connected with the gear in chopping gear-box and rotary tillage gear box respectively by universal joint.
The utility model further improvement project is, the output shaft of described tractor drive unit is connected with one end of power transmission shaft by bevel gear box.
The utility model further improvement project is, described chopping axle and rotary tillage shaft extend to the opposite side of frame respectively from the one end being connected to chopping gear-box and rotary tillage gear box, be movably connected on this side frame by axle head seat, described chopping axle is positioned at the front of rotary tillage shaft.
The utility model further improvement project is, described shredder bar, rotary blade are installed on chopping axle, rotary tillage shaft respectively by tool rest.
The utility model further improvement project is, described shredder bar is divided into two parts in left and right, two parts in left and right are that herringbone is arranged with the first hilt, the main body of two parts in left and right is relative crescent, distally be provided with the first cutting edge, the second cutting edge successively from hilt end inside crescent, the end of described first cutting edge exceeds the top of the second cutting edge.
The utility model further improvement project is, the material of described shredder bar is high-speed steel or carbide alloy.
The utility model further improvement project is, the main body of described rotary blade is crescent, and meniscate inner side is provided with inner side cutting edge, and meniscate outside is provided with outside cutting edge, the inner side cutting edge of adjacent rotary blade towards the opposite.
The utility model further improvement project is, the material of described rotary blade is high-speed steel or carbide alloy.
The utility model further improvement project is, the lower surface of described tool rest is arc surface, and its top is provided with link slot, and two walls of link slot are provided with locating hole, and fastening bolt is connected and fixed with the first hilt, the second hilt respectively through this locating hole.
Compared with prior art, tool has the following advantages the utility model:
1, the utility model structure is simple, carry out transmission by bevel gear, power transmission shaft, universal joint and gear, utilize the gearratio of gear to regulate the rotating speed of chopping axle and rotary tillage shaft, thus eliminate the use of decelerator, and there is not the situation of skidding, ensure the effect of crushed stalk.
2, chopping axle and rotary tillage shaft are across whole frame, there is not blind area or repeat operation during operation.
3, complete stalks cutting and rotary tillage in one-stop operation, saved the activity duration, decreased oil consumption, reduce the economic pressures of peasant.
4, shredder bar is fixed crescent blade, about it, two parts are herringbone with the first hilt, and two, left and right part is integral type structure with hilt, assemble comparatively simple, first cutting edge and the second cutting edge have carried out cutting twice to stalk, for hard stalk and the soft stalk with toughness, all there is good smashing capability, make the more thorough of crushed stalk.
5, rotary blade a positive and a negative is arranged, crushing straw is scattered among soil more uniformly, and when the inner side cutting edge (outside cutting edge) of work weares and teares, only rotary blade oppositely need be installed, make cutting edge outside it (inner side cutting edge) be work cutting edge, reduce maintenance cost.
Below in conjunction with drawings and Examples, the utility model is described further.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is structural representation of the present utility model.
Fig. 2 is the front view of tool magazine.
Fig. 3 is the vertical view of Fig. 2.
Fig. 4 is the front view of shredder bar.
Fig. 5 is the end view of Fig. 4.
Fig. 6 is the front view of rotary blade.
Fig. 7 is the end view of Fig. 6.
Embodiment
As Fig. 1, Fig. 2, Fig. 3, Fig. 4, Fig. 5, shown in Fig. 6 and Fig. 7, the utility model comprises the frame 1 be connected with tractor and the chopping axle 3 be located in frame 1, rotary tillage shaft 4, the both sides of described frame 1 are respectively equipped with chopping gear-box 24, rotary tillage gear box 30, chopping gear-box 24 is connected respectively with the output shaft of rotary tillage gear box 30 and shreds axle 3, rotary tillage shaft 4, its power shaft is connection for transmission axle 23 respectively, the other end of described power transmission shaft 23 is connected to tractor drive unit, described chopping axle 3, rotary tillage shaft 4 is respectively equipped with shredder bar 5, rotary blade 6, the two ends of described power transmission shaft 23 are respectively equipped with universal joint 22, one end of two power transmission shafts 23 is connected with tractor drive unit respectively by universal joint 22, the other end is connected with the gear in chopping gear-box 24 and rotary tillage gear box 30 respectively by universal joint 22, the output shaft of described tractor drive unit is connected with one end of power transmission shaft 23 by bevel gear box 21, described chopping axle 3 and rotary tillage shaft 4 extend to the opposite side of frame respectively from the one end being connected to chopping gear-box 24 and rotary tillage gear box 30, this side frame is movably connected on by axle head seat 27, described chopping axle 3 is positioned at the front of rotary tillage shaft 4, described shredder bar 5, rotary blade 6 is installed on chopping axle 3 respectively by tool rest 7, on rotary tillage shaft 4, described shredder bar 5 is divided into two parts in left and right, two, left and right part is arranged in herringbone with the first hilt 51, the main body of two parts in left and right is relative crescent, the first cutting edge 54 is distally provided with successively from hilt end inside crescent, second cutting edge 55, the end of described first cutting edge 54 exceeds the top of the second cutting edge 55, the material of described shredder bar 5 is high-speed steel or carbide alloy, the main body of described rotary blade 6 is crescent, meniscate inner side is provided with inner side cutting edge 63, meniscate outside is provided with outside cutting edge 64, the inner side cutting edge 63 of adjacent rotary blade 6 towards the opposite, the material of described rotary blade 6 is high-speed steel or carbide alloy, the lower surface of described tool rest 7 is arc surface 71, its top is provided with link slot 72, two walls of link slot 72 are provided with locating hole 73, fastening bolt through this locating hole 73 respectively with the first hilt 51, second hilt 61 is connected and fixed.
During use, transmission is carried out with gear by universal joint 22, power transmission shaft 23, the gearratio of gear is utilized to regulate the rotating speed of chopping axle 3 and rotary tillage shaft 4, thus eliminate the use of decelerator, and there is not the situation of skidding, ensure the effect of crushed stalk, and shred gear-box 24 and the two ends with frame are set with rotary tillage gear box 30, chopping axle 3 and rotary tillage shaft 4 are across whole frame, field-returning machine one-stop operation can ensure that institute's ground stalk of operation is shredded and rotary tillage, do not exist operation less than blind area or repeat operation; Stalks cutting and rotary tillage is completed in one-stop operation, save the activity duration, decrease oil consumption, reduce the economic pressures of peasant, shredder bar 5 is fixed crescent blade, about it, two parts are herringbone with hilt, and two, left and right part is integral type structure with the first hilt 51, assemble comparatively simple, first cutting edge 54 and the second cutting edge 55 pairs of stalks have carried out cutting twice, for hard stalk and the soft stalk with toughness, all there is good smashing capability, make the more thorough of crushed stalk; Rotary blade 6 a positive and a negative is arranged, crushing straw is scattered among soil more uniformly, and outside the inner side cutting edge 63(of work cutting edge 64) wearing and tearing time, only rotary blade 6 oppositely need be installed, to make outside it cutting edge 63 inside cutting edge 64() be work cutting edge, reduce maintenance cost.
It should be pointed out that for those skilled in the art, under the prerequisite not departing from the utility model principle, can also make some improvements and modifications, these improvements and modifications also should be considered as protection domain of the present utility model.

Claims (10)

1. a stalk cutting and returning machine, comprise the frame (1) be connected with tractor and the chopping axle (3) be located in frame (1), rotary tillage shaft (4), it is characterized in that: the both sides of described frame (1) are respectively equipped with chopping gear-box (24), rotary tillage gear box (30), chopping gear-box (24) is connected respectively with the output shaft of rotary tillage gear box (30) shreds axle (3), rotary tillage shaft (4), its power shaft is connection for transmission axle (23) respectively, the other end of described power transmission shaft (23) is connected to tractor drive unit, described chopping axle (3), rotary tillage shaft (4) is respectively equipped with shredder bar (5), rotary blade (6).
2. a kind of stalk cutting and returning machine according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: the two ends of described power transmission shaft (23) are respectively equipped with universal joint (22), one end of two power transmission shafts (23) is connected with tractor drive unit respectively by universal joint (22), and the other end is connected with the gear in chopping gear-box (24) and rotary tillage gear box (30) respectively by universal joint (22).
3. a kind of stalk cutting and returning machine according to claim 1 and 2, is characterized in that: the output shaft of described tractor drive unit is connected with one end of power transmission shaft (23) by bevel gear box (21).
4. a kind of stalk cutting and returning machine according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described chopping axle (3) and rotary tillage shaft (4) extend to the opposite side of frame respectively from the one end being connected to chopping gear-box (24) and rotary tillage gear box (30), be movably connected on this side frame by axle head seat (27), described chopping axle (3) is positioned at the front of rotary tillage shaft (4).
5. a kind of stalk cutting and returning machine according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described shredder bar (5), rotary blade (6) are installed on chopping axle (3), rotary tillage shaft (4) respectively by tool rest (7).
6. a kind of stalk cutting and returning machine according to claim 1 or 5, it is characterized in that: described shredder bar (5) is divided into two parts in left and right, two parts in left and right are arranged in herringbone with the first hilt (51), the main body of two parts in left and right is relative crescent, distally be provided with the first cutting edge (54), the second cutting edge (55) successively from hilt end inside crescent, the end of described first cutting edge (54) exceeds the top of the second cutting edge (55).
7. want a kind of stalk cutting and returning machine described in 6 according to right, it is characterized in that: the material of described shredder bar (5) is high-speed steel or carbide alloy.
8. a kind of stalk cutting and returning machine according to claim 1 or 5, it is characterized in that: the main body of described rotary blade (6) is crescent, meniscate inner side is provided with inner side cutting edge (63), meniscate outside is provided with outside cutting edge (64), the inner side cutting edge (63) of adjacent rotary blade (6) towards the opposite.
9. a kind of stalk cutting and returning machine according to claim 8, is characterized in that: the material of described rotary blade (6) is high-speed steel or carbide alloy.
10. a kind of stalk cutting and returning machine according to claim 5, it is characterized in that: the lower surface of described tool rest (7) is arc surface (71), its top is provided with link slot (72), two walls of link slot (72) are provided with locating hole (73), and fastening bolt is connected and fixed with the first hilt (51), the second hilt (61) respectively through this locating hole (73).
CN201520048596.2U 2015-01-25 2015-01-25 A kind of stalk cutting and returning machine Expired - Fee Related CN204466289U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201520048596.2U CN204466289U (en) 2015-01-25 2015-01-25 A kind of stalk cutting and returning machine

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201520048596.2U CN204466289U (en) 2015-01-25 2015-01-25 A kind of stalk cutting and returning machine

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105875064A (en) * 2015-01-25 2016-08-24 江苏环捷机械科技有限公司 Straw shredding and returning machine
CN106068718A (en) * 2016-07-29 2016-11-09 黑龙江红兴隆机械制造有限公司 Slurry land leveller is stirred in a kind of twin shaft paddy field

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105875064A (en) * 2015-01-25 2016-08-24 江苏环捷机械科技有限公司 Straw shredding and returning machine
CN106068718A (en) * 2016-07-29 2016-11-09 黑龙江红兴隆机械制造有限公司 Slurry land leveller is stirred in a kind of twin shaft paddy field

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C14 Grant of patent or utility model
GR01 Patent grant
EXPY Termination of patent right or utility model
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20150715

Termination date: 20160125