CN204465453U - A kind of solar energy thermal photovoltaic combined type heat collector - Google Patents

A kind of solar energy thermal photovoltaic combined type heat collector Download PDF

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Publication number
CN204465453U
CN204465453U CN201520195612.0U CN201520195612U CN204465453U CN 204465453 U CN204465453 U CN 204465453U CN 201520195612 U CN201520195612 U CN 201520195612U CN 204465453 U CN204465453 U CN 204465453U
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plate
thermal
solar energy
pipe
heat
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顾常杰
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LIANYUNGANG ZHONGWO SOLAR ENERGY TECHNOLOGY Co Ltd
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LIANYUNGANG ZHONGWO SOLAR ENERGY TECHNOLOGY Co Ltd
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/50Photovoltaic [PV] energy
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/60Thermal-PV hybrids

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Abstract

A kind of solar energy thermal photovoltaic combined type heat collector, comprise thermal-arrest frame, the top of thermal-arrest frame is provided with transparent prevention plate, the bottom of thermal-arrest frame is provided with base plate, electrification component and heat supply assembly is superimposed with in thermal-arrest frame between base plate and transparent prevention plate, be set to incubation cavity between electrification component and transparent prevention plate, between heat supply assembly and electrification component, be provided with absorber plate; Electrification component is provided with polysilicon photovoltaic power generation plate, and polysilicon photovoltaic power generation plate connects with the electric transition components be located at outside thermal-arrest frame; Heat supply assembly is provided with some vacuum heat-pipes, and the condensation end of vacuum heat-pipe is provided with the vertically disposed runner with vacuum heat-pipe, and the sidewall of runner is provided with the mounting groove of plug-in mounting vacuum heat-pipe condensation end.The utility model is by establishing vacuum heat-pipe, and the waste heat produced when absorbing the generating of polysilicon photovoltaic power generation plate carrys out heat supply, improves solar energy utilization ratio, solves polysilicon photovoltaic power generation plate and reduces the problem of self generating efficiency because temperature during generating increases.

Description

A kind of solar energy thermal photovoltaic combined type heat collector
Technical field
The utility model relates to technical field of solar, particularly a kind of solar energy thermal photovoltaic combined type heat collector.
Background technology
Solar energy clean energy resource is that the transform light energy of the sun is become other forms of heat energy, electric energy, chemical energy, and not producing other harmful gas or solid wastes in energy sources conversion, is a kind of environmental protection, safety, free of contamination novel energy.
The application form of solar energy mainly contains photothermal deformation, opto-electronic conversion two kinds, wherein, opto-electronic conversion mainly refers to photovoltaic generation, has become the important form of Solar use, but existing opto-electronic conversion mainly adopts common polycrystalline silicon photovoltaic power generation plate to carry out opto-electronic conversion, and common polycrystalline silicon photovoltaic power generation plate can along with the increase of temperature, decrease in power generation efficiency, and in existing equipment, the application form of sunlight is single, light utilization efficiency is low, very easily causes the serious waste of energy.
Summary of the invention
Technical problem to be solved in the utility model is for the deficiencies in the prior art, provides a kind of reasonable in design, realizes generating and heating two functions, improves the solar energy thermal photovoltaic combined type heat collector of solar energy utilization ratio.
Technical problem to be solved in the utility model is realized by following technical scheme, the utility model is a kind of solar energy thermal photovoltaic combined type heat collector, comprise thermal-arrest frame, the top of thermal-arrest frame is provided with transparent prevention plate, the bottom of thermal-arrest frame is provided with base plate, be characterized in, electrification component and heat supply assembly is superimposed with in thermal-arrest frame between base plate and transparent prevention plate, heat supply assembly is located at the below of electrification component, incubation cavity is set between electrification component and transparent prevention plate, absorber plate is provided with between heat supply assembly and electrification component, warming plate is provided with between heat supply assembly and base plate, described electrification component is provided with polysilicon photovoltaic power generation plate, and the bottom of polysilicon photovoltaic power generation plate is provided with insulation board, and polysilicon photovoltaic power generation plate connects with the electric transition components be located at outside thermal-arrest frame, described heat supply assembly is provided with the some vacuum heat-pipes be arranged in parallel, and the condensation end of vacuum heat-pipe is provided with the vertically disposed runner with vacuum heat-pipe, and the sidewall of runner is provided with the mounting groove of plug-in mounting vacuum heat-pipe condensation end.
Technical problem to be solved in the utility model can also be realized further by following technical scheme, in above-described solar energy thermal photovoltaic combined type heat collector: described electric transition components comprises the controller, storage battery and the inverter that are connected in series successively, and controller is connected with polysilicon photovoltaic power generation plate by wire.
Technical problem to be solved in the utility model can also be realized further by following technical scheme, in above-described solar energy thermal photovoltaic combined type heat collector: described vacuum heat-pipe is Horizontal heat pipe or gravity assisted heat pipe.
Technical problem to be solved in the utility model can also be realized further by following technical scheme, in above-described solar energy thermal photovoltaic combined type heat collector: the height of described incubation cavity is 3-7mm.
Technical problem to be solved in the utility model can also be realized further by following technical scheme, in above-described solar energy thermal photovoltaic combined type heat collector: described runner is U-shaped runner.
Technical problem to be solved in the utility model can also be realized further by following technical scheme, in above-described solar energy thermal photovoltaic combined type heat collector: the two ends spacing of described U-shaped runner is 8-12mm.
Technical problem to be solved in the utility model can also be realized further by following technical scheme, in above-described solar energy thermal photovoltaic combined type heat collector: the thickness of described transparent prevention plate is 2-4mm, the thickness of described base plate is 0.2-0.4mm, the thickness of described polysilicon photovoltaic power generation plate is 8-12mm, the diameter of described vacuum heat-pipe is 6-8mm, the thickness of absorber plate is 3-5mm, and the diameter of described runner is 28-32mm, and the thickness of described warming plate is 28-32mm.
The utility model is by establishing absorber plate and vacuum heat-pipe, the waste heat produced during by absorbing the generating of polysilicon photovoltaic power generation plate carrys out heat supply, not only accomplish that the secondary of solar energy utilizes, add the utilization ratio of solar energy, solve polysilicon photovoltaic power generation plate simultaneously and reduce the problem of self generating efficiency, good heat conduction effect because temperature during generating increases; If polysilicon photovoltaic power generation plate, carry out solar power generation and by wire transmission in storage battery; If insulation board, prevent the time of contact of polysilicon photovoltaic power generation plate and vacuum heat-pipe long and the short circuit problem of initiation; If incubation cavity, avoid scattering and disappearing of heat; If mounting groove, convenient installation and replacing vacuum heat-pipe, reduce the cost keeping in repair in the future, replace parts; If warming plate, the average pressure of the firm and overall each layer ensureing other structure installment pressurized after packaging, meanwhile, can also avoid scattering and disappearing of heat; Encapsulated by thermal-arrest frame, the inner contact-making surface relying on the mode of pressure to increase each layer, by decreasing the modes such as the use of adhesive and unnecessary punching buckle, accomplishing the pollution reducing environment, simplifying production process, reducing production cost.Compared with prior art, it is reasonable in design, has environmental protection and energy saving, energy utilization rate is high, applied widely, production technology is easy, is easy to features such as safeguarding, practical, easy to use.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is structural representation of the present utility model;
Fig. 2 is the structural representation of vacuum heat-pipe.
Embodiment
Referring to accompanying drawing, further describe concrete technical scheme of the present utility model, so that those skilled in the art understands the present invention further, and do not form the restriction to its right.
Embodiment 1, see figures.1.and.2, a kind of solar energy thermal photovoltaic combined type heat collector, comprise thermal-arrest frame, the top of thermal-arrest frame 1 is provided with transparent prevention plate 2, the bottom of thermal-arrest frame 1 is provided with base plate 8, electrification component and heat supply assembly is superimposed with in thermal-arrest frame 1 between base plate 8 and transparent prevention plate 2, heat supply assembly is located at the below of electrification component, incubation cavity is set between electrification component and transparent prevention plate, be provided with absorber plate 10 between heat supply assembly and electrification component, between heat supply assembly and base plate, be provided with warming plate 9; Described electrification component is provided with polysilicon photovoltaic power generation plate 12, and the bottom of polysilicon photovoltaic power generation plate 12 is provided with insulation board 11, and polysilicon photovoltaic power generation plate 12 connects with the electric transition components be located at outside thermal-arrest frame 1; Described heat supply assembly is provided with the some vacuum heat-pipes be arranged in parallel 6, and the condensation end of vacuum heat-pipe 6 is provided with the vertically disposed runner 7 with vacuum heat-pipe 6, and the sidewall of runner 7 is provided with the mounting groove 13 of plug-in mounting vacuum heat-pipe 6 condensation end.
Embodiment 2, in solar energy thermal photovoltaic combined type heat collector described in embodiment 1: described electric transition components comprises the controller 3, storage battery 4 and the inverter 5 that are connected in series successively, controller 3 is connected with polysilicon photovoltaic power generation plate 12 by wire, the electric power way of output is polysilicon photovoltaic power generation plate-controller-storage battery-inverter, whole process reaches controllable safety, and be the suitable voltage being applicable to family's use by direct voltage inversion, voltage inversion is alternating current 220V by inverter.
Embodiment 3, in solar energy thermal photovoltaic combined type heat collector described in embodiment 1: described vacuum heat-pipe 6 is Horizontal heat pipe or gravity assisted heat pipe, vacuum heat-pipe can be used according to different situations, solve conventional composite formula heat collector and can only be installed on the levels such as roof or the less position of the gradient, more can reach the horizontal and perpendicular modes of emplacement put, then add the scope of application, improve space availability ratio from the side and supply energy efficiency.
Embodiment 4, in the solar energy thermal photovoltaic combined type heat collector described in embodiment 1: the height of described incubation cavity is 3mm.
Embodiment 5, in the solar energy thermal photovoltaic combined type heat collector described in embodiment 1: the height of described incubation cavity is 7mm.
Embodiment 6, in the solar energy thermal photovoltaic combined type heat collector described in embodiment 1: the height of described incubation cavity is 5mm.
Embodiment 7, in the solar energy thermal photovoltaic combined type heat collector described in embodiment 1: described runner 7 is U-shaped runner.
Embodiment 8, in the solar energy thermal photovoltaic combined type heat collector described in embodiment 7: the spacing at described U-shaped runner 7 two ends is 8mm.
Embodiment 9, in the solar energy thermal photovoltaic combined type heat collector described in embodiment 7: the two ends spacing of described U-shaped runner 7 is 12mm.
Embodiment 10, in the solar energy thermal photovoltaic combined type heat collector described in embodiment 7: the two ends spacing of described U-shaped runner 7 is 10mm.
Embodiment 11, in solar energy thermal photovoltaic combined type heat collector described in embodiment 1: the thickness of described transparent prevention plate 2 is 2mm, the thickness of described base plate 8 is 0.4mm, the thickness of described polysilicon photovoltaic power generation plate 12 is 8mm, the diameter of described vacuum heat-pipe 6 is 8mm, the thickness of absorber plate is 3mm, and the diameter of described runner 7 is 28mm, and the thickness of described warming plate 9 is 28mm.
Embodiment 12, in solar energy thermal photovoltaic combined type heat collector described in embodiment 1: the thickness of described transparent prevention plate 2 is 4mm, the thickness of described base plate 8 is 0.2mm, the thickness of described polysilicon photovoltaic power generation plate 12 is 12mm, the diameter of described vacuum heat-pipe 6 is 6mm, the thickness of absorber plate 10 is 5mm, and the diameter of described runner 7 is 32mm, and the thickness of described warming plate 9 is 32mm.
Embodiment 13, in solar energy thermal photovoltaic combined type heat collector described in embodiment 1: the thickness of described transparent prevention plate 2 is 3mm, the thickness of described base plate 8 is 0.3mm, the thickness of described polysilicon photovoltaic power generation plate 12 is 10mm, the diameter of described vacuum heat-pipe 6 is 7mm, the thickness of absorber plate 10 is 4mm, and the diameter of described runner 7 is 30mm, and the thickness of described warming plate 9 is 28mm.
Described thermal-arrest frame is aluminum alloy casing, adopt galvanized steel plain sheet as base plate, adopt toughened glass protective plate, aluminium matter absorber plate, copper runner, good heat-transfer effect is ensured while the intensity ensureing whole device, adopt phenolic foam heat insulation plate and silicone insulation plate, ensure good heat insulation effect, phenolic foam heat insulation plate is according to concrete putting position, thickness regulates to some extent, ensure that firm and overall each layer of installation is after packaging by the equilibrium of pressure pressure.
Whole device adopts encapsulation, the inner contact-making surface relying on the mode of pressure to increase each layer, decrease the operation such as use and punching of adhesive, accomplish the pollution reducing environment, and simplification production process, reduce production cost, increase the contact-making surface between polysilicon photovoltaic power generation plate, silica gel absorber plate, the heat absorption of aluminium matter, vacuum heat-pipe, copper runner, phenolic foam heat insulation plate by pressure, improve the contact-making surface between each parts, improve heat transfer efficiency.
The utility model has opto-electronic conversion and stablizes, photo-thermal conversion efficiency is high, electrification component programming rate is slow, heat supply assembly programming rate is fast, stable performance, use safety, antidetonation, shock resistance, can the feature of stable application under the various weather such as freeze proof, simultaneously, by vacuum heat-pipe being replaced the mode of conventional water hose, solve common pipeline of leaking water easily freezing for winter, there is very high heat transfer efficiency, long service life, reduce maintenance cost, in long-time use, can incrustation scale be produced due to problems such as water quality thus reduce the problem in efficiency and life-span, the mode can placed according to combined type heat collector, change different heat pipes, it is convenient to change.

Claims (7)

1. a solar energy thermal photovoltaic combined type heat collector, comprise thermal-arrest frame, the top of thermal-arrest frame is provided with transparent prevention plate, the bottom of thermal-arrest frame is provided with base plate, it is characterized in that: be superimposed with electrification component and heat supply assembly in the thermal-arrest frame between base plate and transparent prevention plate, heat supply assembly is located at the below of electrification component, is set to incubation cavity between electrification component and transparent prevention plate, be provided with absorber plate between heat supply assembly and electrification component, between heat supply assembly and base plate, be provided with warming plate; Described electrification component is provided with polysilicon photovoltaic power generation plate, and the bottom of polysilicon photovoltaic power generation plate is provided with insulation board, and polysilicon photovoltaic power generation plate connects with the electric transition components be located at outside thermal-arrest frame; Described heat supply assembly is provided with the some vacuum heat-pipes be arranged in parallel, and the condensation end of vacuum heat-pipe is provided with the vertically disposed runner with vacuum heat-pipe, and the sidewall of runner is provided with the mounting groove of plug-in mounting vacuum heat-pipe condensation end.
2. solar energy thermal photovoltaic combined type heat collector according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described electric transition components comprises the controller, storage battery and the inverter that are connected in series successively, and controller is connected with polysilicon photovoltaic power generation plate by wire.
3. solar energy thermal photovoltaic combined type heat collector according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described vacuum heat-pipe is Horizontal heat pipe or gravity assisted heat pipe.
4. solar energy thermal photovoltaic combined type heat collector according to claim 1, is characterized in that: the height of described incubation cavity is 3-7mm.
5. solar energy thermal photovoltaic combined type heat collector according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described runner is U-shaped runner.
6. solar energy thermal photovoltaic combined type heat collector according to claim 5, is characterized in that: the spacing at described U-shaped runner two ends is 8-12mm.
7. solar energy thermal photovoltaic combined type heat collector according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: the thickness of described transparent prevention plate is 2-4mm, the thickness of described base plate is 0.2-0.4mm, the thickness of described polysilicon photovoltaic power generation plate is 8-12mm, the diameter of described vacuum heat-pipe is 6-8mm, the thickness of absorber plate is 3-5mm, and the diameter of described runner is 28-32mm, and the thickness of described warming plate is 28-32mm.
CN201520195612.0U 2015-04-02 2015-04-02 A kind of solar energy thermal photovoltaic combined type heat collector Active CN204465453U (en)

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105070776A (en) * 2015-07-20 2015-11-18 安徽灿邦电气有限公司 High-temperature solar photovoltaic photo-thermal integrated assembly

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105070776A (en) * 2015-07-20 2015-11-18 安徽灿邦电气有限公司 High-temperature solar photovoltaic photo-thermal integrated assembly

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