CN204443455U - A kind of extended position sprinkling truck automatically - Google Patents

A kind of extended position sprinkling truck automatically Download PDF

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Publication number
CN204443455U
CN204443455U CN201420667030.3U CN201420667030U CN204443455U CN 204443455 U CN204443455 U CN 204443455U CN 201420667030 U CN201420667030 U CN 201420667030U CN 204443455 U CN204443455 U CN 204443455U
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China
Prior art keywords
vehicle frame
sprinkling truck
steel wire
water pipe
wire rope
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Expired - Fee Related
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CN201420667030.3U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
汤跃
赵进
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Jiangsu University
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Jiangsu University
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Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
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Abstract

A kind of extended position sprinkling truck automatically, moves through rocking handle, worm-gear speed reducer, pair of meshing bevel gear and cover water receiving pipe sequence delivery, is provided with hydraulic jack, controls sprinkler height during differing heights crop spraying operation between two-layer vehicle frame.Lower floor's central frame beam is equipped with leading screw governor motion, and the rotary orientation of leading screw is contrary, and symmetrical along axis, leading screw can realize the transversal stretching of sprinkling truck supporting leg to adapt to the trade of different in width.Worm-gear speed reducer plays deceleration, laborsaving, reverse self-locking protective effect.Bevel gear structure can change Movement transmit direction.The aluminum pipe that steel wire rope connects socket keeps the tensioning of steel wire rope in whole motion process under clockwork and the effect of steel wire rope clamp system.Every section of water pipe end is provided with shower nozzle, and many sprinkler design can reduce hydraulic pressure, saves energy consumption.One man operation can realize the automation of stretching.

Description

A kind of extended position sprinkling truck automatically
Technical field
The utility model belongs to agricultural mechanical field, relates to a kind of agricultural water-saving irrigation equipment, refers in particular to a kind of extended position sprinkling truck automatically.
Background technology
Hose fed travelling sprinkler machine is agricultural irrigation equipment common both at home and abroad, and its anterior sprinkling wagon mainly contains two kinds of forms and sprays, and one adopts the sprinkling irrigation of single spraying head, and another kind is the many sprinkler car sprinkling irrigations of truss-like or rope suspension formula.Single nozzle type sprinkling wagon sprinkling energy consumption is high, and hydraulic loss is large, and rainfall distribution uniformity is low, truss-like or the many sprinkler car of rope suspension formula, owing to employing many shower nozzles, reduce the required hydraulic pressure of sprinkling, save energy consumption, have stronger wind loading rating, rainfall distribution uniformity is improved simultaneously.Because existing truss-like or the many sprinkler car of rope suspension formula are all manpower splicings, and due to its space stent large, from great, expend more manufactured materials.Simultaneously single or many people to operate effort time-consuming, inefficiency.
What application publication number was [CN 103314833 A] patent discloses a kind of new multi-purpose Intelligent telescopic sprinkling truck, it mainly applies for that right is design module and the control circui of sprinkling truck, in its claim 2, in the structural design that the traction of horizontal pipeline motor is reclaimed, when undeclared telescopic pipes reclaims completely, the spacing problem of pipe end at different levels, easily causes the damage of shower nozzle.Meanwhile, how motor driving there will be rope with cable wire is reclaimed asynchronous, cannot meet the condition remaining each root steel wire tensioning in whole removal process, easily cause the winding of steel wire cable.Do not consider in claim 9 that still the horizontal stent of Existential Space is excessive when pipeline all shrinks, and takes up room, the problem of transport and storage inconvenience simultaneously.
Utility model content
In order to overcome, existing single spraying head sprinkling truck energy consumption is high, many shower nozzles sprinkling truck automaticity not enough and the problem of complex operation effort, and the utility model devises a kind of by the automatic extended position sprinkling truck of hand mode.
For achieving the above object, the technical solution adopted in the utility model is: a kind of extended position sprinkling truck automatically, it is characterized in that, mainly comprise vehicle frame, rocking handle, deceleration break-in assembly and execution assembly, described deceleration break-in assembly comprises worm-gear speed reducer, shaft coupling, rolling bearing units, bevel gear set, described rocking handle is connected on worm-gear speed reducer, described worm-gear speed reducer output shaft connects described shaft coupling, described shaft coupling connects described rolling bearing units, described rolling bearing units connect described bevel gear set, described bevel gear set comprises little spur bevel gear and large spur bevel gear, the rotary motion that described worm-gear speed reducer output shaft transmits out, the little spur bevel gear connected by shaft end is delivered to and the large spur bevel gear on speed reducer output shaft spatial vertical axle.It is also mutually vertical that this makes connected diaxon rotary motion direction change to intermeshing conical gear.Described execution assembly comprises bearing, anchor ear, water pipe, shower nozzle, and described bearing is connected with described bevel gear set, and described water pipe is fixedly connected on described bearing by described anchor ear, and described shower nozzle is fixed on water pipe.Worm and gear gear has laborsaving, if operator slips out of the hand in the process of rotary handle, water pipe maintains static, and can not cause the uncontrolled rotation of rocking handle, hurt operator.
In such scheme, described shower nozzle is evenly distributed on the end of each section of water pipe.
In such scheme, described vehicle frame comprises upper strata vehicle frame and described lower floor vehicle frame, is provided with hydraulic jack between described upper strata vehicle frame and lower floor's vehicle frame.Can the height of Non-follow control upper strata vehicle frame to adapt to the sprinkling needs of differing heights crops.
In such scheme, described lower floor central frame beam is equipped with leading screw governor motion, and the rotary orientation of described leading screw is contrary, symmetrical along axis.Hand leading screw can realize the transversal stretching of sprinkling truck supporting leg to adapt to the trade of different in width.
In such scheme, described lower floor vehicle frame is provided with horizontal pin-and-hole, is provided with vertical pin-and-hole between described upper strata vehicle frame and described lower floor vehicle frame.
In such scheme, described upper strata vehicle frame is provided with clockwork, and described water pipe is connected with described clockwork with pulley by steel wire.Clockwork can guarantee that steel wire cable keeps tensioned state, to ensure the reliability of whole extension means all the time.
In such scheme, also comprise steel wire rope clamp system, described steel wire rope clamp system is provided with spacing hole, and described steel wire is through spacing hole extremely described clockwork.
In such scheme, described water pipe is made up of aluminium alloy.
In such scheme, each two group switching centre symmetries of described clockwork, described execution assembly and described steel wire rope clamp system are installed.
The beneficial effects of the utility model are: under novel sprinkling truck can realize unregulated power state, energy consumption reduces; it is easy that one man operation manages, horizontally-arranged many shower nozzles, and vehicle frame regulates simply up and down; laborsaving, safe and reliable, self-locking performance protective effect, sprinkling truck are stretched the effect of automation.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is that the axle that waits of the present utility model measures intention.
Fig. 2 is schematic top plan view of the present utility model.
Fig. 3 is lower floor of the present utility model vehicle frame schematic diagram.
Fig. 4 is clockwork schematic diagram of the present utility model.
Fig. 5 is steel wire rope of the present utility model clamping structural scheme of mechanism.
Fig. 6 is steel wire rope of the present utility model clamping mechanism principle figure.
In figure: 1. shower nozzle, 2. water pipe, 3. anchor ear, 4. bevel gear set, 5. rolling bearing units, 6. rolling bearing units, 7. upper strata vehicle frame, 8. lower floor's vehicle frame, 9. water receiving pipe, 10. pin-and-hole, 11. supporting legs, 12. leading screws, 13. screw sets, 14. pin-and-holes, 15. hydraulic jack, 16. steel wire rope clamp systems, 17. worm-gear speed reducers, 18. shaft couplings, 19. drawbars, 20. support bars, 21. clockworks, 22. rocking handles, 24. fixed dams, 25. spacing holes, 26. clockwork springs, 27. rocking handles, 28. cams
Embodiment
The utility model is further described below in conjunction with accompanying drawing.
A kind of extended position sprinkling truck automatically, comprise and mainly comprise vehicle frame, steel wire rope clamp system 16, rocking handle 22, deceleration break-in assembly and perform assembly, described deceleration break-in assembly comprises worm-gear speed reducer 17, shaft coupling 18, rolling bearing units 6, bevel gear set 4, described rocking handle 22 is connected on worm-gear speed reducer 17, described worm-gear speed reducer 17 output shaft connects described shaft coupling 18, and described shaft coupling 18 connects described rolling bearing units 6, and described rolling bearing units 6 connect described bevel gear group4, described bevel gear group4 comprise little spur bevel gear and large spur bevel gear, and described execution assembly comprises rolling bearing units 5, anchor ear 3, water pipe 2, shower nozzle 1, described rolling bearing units 5 and described bevel gear group4 connect, described water pipe 2 is fixedly connected on described rolling bearing units 5 by described anchor ear 3, described shower nozzle 1 is fixed on water pipe 2, described shower nozzle 1 is evenly distributed on the end of each section of water pipe 2, described vehicle frame comprises upper strata vehicle frame 7 and lower floor's vehicle frame 8, between described upper strata vehicle frame 7 and described lower floor vehicle frame 8, hydraulic jack 15 is installed, in the middle of described lower floor vehicle frame 8, leading screw 12 governor motion is housed, the rotary orientation of described leading screw 12 is contrary, symmetrical along axis, described lower floor vehicle frame 8 is provided with horizontal pin-and-hole 10, vertical pin-and-hole 14 is provided with between described upper strata vehicle frame 7 and described lower floor vehicle frame 8, described upper strata vehicle frame 7 is provided with clockwork 26, described water pipe 2 is connected with described clockwork 26 with pulley by steel wire, described steel wire rope clamp system 16 is provided with spacing hole 25, described steel wire passes spacing hole 25 to described clockwork 26, described clockwork, described execution assembly and each two group switching centre symmetries of described steel wire rope clamp system 16 are installed, described water pipe 2 is made up of aluminium alloy.
Operation principle flow process: the sprinkling truck be connected with reel is towed original position of spraying with equipments such as tractors, socket aluminium alloy water pipe 2 is in vertical state during storage.By the height regulating hydraulic jack 15 can spray high flexible adjustment sprinkling irrigation upper strata vehicle frame 7 entirety of crop according to difference.In the different situation of different field walking trade width, joystick inserts at the rocking handle plug adjustment hole place of leading screw 12, can rotate and regulate supporting leg 11 stretching with the change adapting to width in transverse direction, fix at pin-and-hole 10 and pin-and-hole 14 insertion pin after height and left and right adjustment.Clockwise shake rocking handle 21, by worm-gear speed reducer 17 speed change, the rotary motion that described worm-gear speed reducer 17 output shaft transmits out, the little spur bevel gear connected by shaft end is delivered to and the large spur bevel gear on speed reducer output shaft spatial vertical axle.It is also mutually vertical that this makes connected diaxon rotary motion direction change to intermeshing conical gear.Through bevel gear set 4 break-in, can by vertical cover water receiving pipe 2 by vertically rotating to be level.
Connect water under high pressure from water receiving pipe 9, the cover water receiving pipe of contraction, under the impact of hydraulic pressure, trails, and steel wire rope keeps tensioning under the effect of clockwork 21, and maintains the oblique pulling certain to water pipe 2.Until flexible water pipe launches completely.Now shake the rocking handle 27 on steel wire rope clamp system 16, steel wire rope clamp system 16 utilizes " dead point " position in mechanism to obtain very large clamping force, as schematically shown in Figure 6, when cam 28 rotating down pressing BC bar, B point is more close to AC straight line, mechanism, more close to dead-centre position, now can obtain very large clamping force.Rope cramp is fastened, the horizontal tensioning of socket aluminium alloy water pipe 2.Start spraying operation.
The end of job to be sprayed, first discharges completely by socket aluminium alloy water pipe 2 water.Unclamp steel wire rope clamp system 16, again shake rocking handle 27 counterclockwise, by worm-gear speed reducer 17 speed change, through bevel gear set 4 break-in, the water pipe 2 of socket is changed into vertically by level gradually, under gravity and the effect of clockwork spring pulling force, be socketed aluminium alloy water pipe 2 again shrink, whole workflow terminates.Reclaim above sprinkling wagon to reel main frame.

Claims (9)

1. an automatic extended position sprinkling truck, it is characterized in that, mainly comprise vehicle frame, rocking handle (22), deceleration break-in assembly and perform assembly, described deceleration break-in assembly comprises worm-gear speed reducer (17), shaft coupling (18), rolling bearing units (6), bevel gear set (4), described rocking handle (22) is connected on worm-gear speed reducer (17), described worm-gear speed reducer (17) output shaft connects described shaft coupling (18), described shaft coupling (18) connects described rolling bearing units (6), and described rolling bearing units (6) connect described bevel gear group(4), described execution assembly comprises rolling bearing units (5), anchor ear (3), water pipe (2), shower nozzle (1), described rolling bearing units (5) and described bevel gear group(4) connect, described water pipe (2) is fixedly connected on described rolling bearing units (5) by described anchor ear (3), and described shower nozzle (1) is fixed on water pipe (2).
2. the automatic extended position sprinkling truck of one according to claim 1, is characterized in that, described shower nozzle (1) is evenly distributed on the end of each section of water pipe (2).
3. the automatic extended position sprinkling truck of one according to claim 1, is characterized in that, described vehicle frame comprises upper strata vehicle frame (7) and lower floor's vehicle frame (8), is provided with hydraulic jack (15) between described upper strata vehicle frame (7) and described lower floor vehicle frame (8).
4. the automatic extended position sprinkling truck of one according to claim 3, is characterized in that, in the middle of described lower floor vehicle frame (8), leading screw (12) governor motion is housed, and the rotary orientation of described leading screw (12) is contrary, symmetrical along axis.
5. the automatic extended position sprinkling truck of one according to claim 3, is characterized in that, described lower floor vehicle frame (8) is provided with horizontal pin-and-hole (10), is provided with vertical pin-and-hole (14) between described upper strata vehicle frame (7) and described lower floor vehicle frame (8).
6. the automatic extended position sprinkling truck of one according to claim 3, is characterized in that, described upper strata vehicle frame (7) is provided with clockwork (26), and described water pipe (2) is connected with described clockwork (26) with pulley by steel wire.
7. the automatic extended position sprinkling truck of one according to claim 6, it is characterized in that, also comprise steel wire rope clamp system (16), described steel wire rope clamp system (16) is provided with spacing hole (25), and described steel wire is through spacing hole (25) extremely described clockwork (26).
8. the automatic extended position sprinkling truck of one according to claim 1, is characterized in that, described water pipe (2) is made up of aluminium alloy.
9. the automatic extended position sprinkling truck of one according to claim 7, is characterized in that, each two group switching centre symmetries of described clockwork, described execution assembly and described steel wire rope clamp system (16) are installed.
CN201420667030.3U 2014-11-11 2014-11-11 A kind of extended position sprinkling truck automatically Expired - Fee Related CN204443455U (en)

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Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104429826A (en) * 2014-11-11 2015-03-25 江苏大学 Automatic stretching type sprinkling irrigation trolley
CN105104117A (en) * 2015-09-28 2015-12-02 哈尔滨市开元节水喷灌设备制造有限公司 Hydraulic stop hoe lifting structure with winch
CN105165160A (en) * 2015-09-28 2015-12-23 哈尔滨市开元节水喷灌设备制造有限公司 Multipurpose sprinkling irrigation towing vehicle
CN106165586A (en) * 2016-07-11 2016-11-30 刘德平 A kind of highway plant fertilizer apparatus
CN107155728A (en) * 2017-05-25 2017-09-15 巫溪县常青园林有限责任公司 The Mobile sprinkling irrigation equipment that can be used in greenhouse
CN111762335A (en) * 2020-07-06 2020-10-13 中国人民解放军空军军医大学 Pilot control system mounting fixture

Cited By (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104429826A (en) * 2014-11-11 2015-03-25 江苏大学 Automatic stretching type sprinkling irrigation trolley
CN105104117A (en) * 2015-09-28 2015-12-02 哈尔滨市开元节水喷灌设备制造有限公司 Hydraulic stop hoe lifting structure with winch
CN105165160A (en) * 2015-09-28 2015-12-23 哈尔滨市开元节水喷灌设备制造有限公司 Multipurpose sprinkling irrigation towing vehicle
CN105104117B (en) * 2015-09-28 2017-09-08 哈尔滨市开元节水喷灌设备制造有限公司 Hydraulic lifting structure is uprooted in a kind of W/W stop
CN106165586A (en) * 2016-07-11 2016-11-30 刘德平 A kind of highway plant fertilizer apparatus
CN107155728A (en) * 2017-05-25 2017-09-15 巫溪县常青园林有限责任公司 The Mobile sprinkling irrigation equipment that can be used in greenhouse
CN111762335A (en) * 2020-07-06 2020-10-13 中国人民解放军空军军医大学 Pilot control system mounting fixture

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CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20150708

Termination date: 20171111

CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee