CN204391821U - A kind of solar cell system for vehicles - Google Patents

A kind of solar cell system for vehicles Download PDF

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Publication number
CN204391821U
CN204391821U CN201520064464.9U CN201520064464U CN204391821U CN 204391821 U CN204391821 U CN 204391821U CN 201520064464 U CN201520064464 U CN 201520064464U CN 204391821 U CN204391821 U CN 204391821U
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China
Prior art keywords
electric energy
solar charging
solar cell
solar
output end
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CN201520064464.9U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
李萌
杨豪
李莉
刘强
杨安志
吴成明
冯擎峰
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Zhejiang Geely Holding Group Co Ltd
Zhejiang Geely Automobile Research Institute Co Ltd
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Zhejiang Geely Holding Group Co Ltd
Zhejiang Geely Automobile Research Institute Co Ltd
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Abstract

The utility model provides a kind of solar cell system for vehicles, belongs to automobile technical field.It solve in prior art the problem that solar energy can only be converted to and could use after electric energy is filled with storage battery.Native system comprises solar charging circuit, solar charging/discharging control module, storage battery and some electric energy output end, solar charging circuit output is connected with solar charging/discharging control module input by AC/DC transducer, solar charging/discharging control module is connected with storage battery, solar charging/discharging module output also connects automatic switching control equipment, electric energy output end described in several comprises the first electric energy output end be connected with solar charging/discharging control module output by DC/AC transducer, the second electric energy output end be connected with automatic switching control equipment output by DC/DC transducer and the 3rd electric energy output end be connected with solar charging circuit output.This system improves the fuel economy of automobile, decrease exhaust emissions, and solve the few problem of vehicle power.

Description

A kind of solar cell system for vehicles
Technical field
The utility model belongs to automobile technical field, particularly a kind of solar cell system for vehicles.
Background technology
Along with Environment and energy problem continuous worsening of facing mankind, strengthen environmental protection and exploitation clean energy resource are the focuses that the mankind show great attention to.Automobile is one of major product consuming crude oil at present, and on the one hand, along with petroleum-based energy is fewer and feweri, fuel price is also more and more higher, causes the use cost of automobile more and more higher; On the other hand, along with the progress of automotive engineering, the electrical system of Hyundai Motor inside, electronic device, the such as increase of air-conditioning, ABS, car phone, liquid crystal display, sound equipment etc., demand in automotive interior shop is also continued to increase, generator power increases along with power consumption equipment on car and increases, and generation current acc power is relevant to its volume, the increase of power will cause the increase of generator volume, and the limited space of generator installed by automobile, therefore many automobile engineers are being devoted to the research and development of new-energy automobile, such as solar telephone.In recent years, China also has the relevant talent to be studied this respect, a kind of automobile with solar energy equipment disclosed in State Intellectual Property Office, application number: 200720093498.6, publication number: 201021233, it specifically discloses following scheme: a kind of automobile with solar energy equipment, it comprises automobile body, it is characterized in that: it also comprises solar attachment, solar energy transforms and storage device, solar attachment is placed in automobile top, and solar energy transforms and storage device is placed in automotive interior.In the program, solar energy can only be converted into power storage to storage battery, obtains electric energy in storage battery more in use, causes more waste of energy like this in the charge and discharge process of storage battery.
Prior art is compared, the utility model has the following advantages: solar energy is converted to electric energy to automobile storage battery charging or Direct driver automobile and electric component thereof, the object of energy-saving and emission-reduction can be reached to greatest extent, simultaneously in conjunction with the function of civil power directly to charge in batteries, make automobile keep electric energy sufficient equally at the cloudy day, bring great convenience to the life of people.
Summary of the invention
There are the problems referred to above in the utility model for existing technology, propose a kind of solar cell system for vehicles, this solar cell system for vehicles can convert solar energy into electrical energy and charge to automobile storage battery, also can directly convert solar energy into electrical energy to export to use as portable power source.
The utility model is realized by following technical proposal: a kind of solar cell system for vehicles, it is characterized in that, comprise solar charging circuit, solar charging/discharging control module, storage battery and some electric energy output end, described solar charging circuit output is connected with solar charging/discharging control module input by AC/DC transducer, described solar charging/discharging control module is connected with storage battery, described solar charging/discharging module output also connects automatic switching control equipment, electric energy output end described in several comprises the first electric energy output end be connected with solar charging/discharging control module output by DC/AC transducer, the second electric energy output end be connected with automatic switching control equipment output by DC/DC transducer and the 3rd electric energy output end be connected with solar charging circuit output.
This solar cell system for vehicles is by being converted to electric energy by solar energy, then solar charging/discharging control module is passed through to charge in batteries, when automobile needs electricity consumption, discharged to each electric energy output end by solar charging/discharging control module by storage battery, or directly convert solar energy into electrical energy the directly each electric energy output end of supply by solar cell at fine day, comprehensive utilization solar energy, improves the utilance of solar energy, energy-conserving and environment-protective.
As preferably, described solar charging circuit comprises solar cell and electric energy switching device shifter, described solar cell connects the input of electric energy switching device shifter, and the output of described electric energy switching device shifter connects solar charging/discharging control module input, automatic switching module input and the 3rd electric energy output end respectively.By electric energy switching device shifter, power delivery can be charged a battery to after solar charging/discharging module after solar energy is converted to electric energy by solar cell, power delivery is exported by the second electric energy output module to being converted to direct current after automatic switching module, electric energy is directly exported by the 3rd electric energy output module.
As preferably, described solar charging circuit also comprises commercial power charged interface, and described commercial power charged interface is connected with electric energy switching device shifter input by pressurizer.Vehicle driver directly can be charged to automobile storage battery by commercial power charged interface, to vehicle charging when facilitating rainy weather, to ensure that accumulator electric-quantity is sufficient.
As preferably, described solar charging circuit also comprises generator, and described generator is connected with electric energy switching device shifter input.When automobile engine works, generate electricity while engine constantly operates and by the rotation of belt drive generator, unnecessary electricity will be got up by battery stores, improves the fuel economy of automobile.
As preferably, described solar cell is the quantum dot solar cell in film-form.Quantum dot solar cell is third generation solar cell, conversion efficiency up to 60%, and primarily of the making such as titanium dioxide, zinc oxide, originate more extensive, cheap, quantum dot solar cell can produce nano level film in addition, alleviates more weight.
As preferably, described quantum dot solar cell is arranged on the outer surface of automobile case.Because quantum dot solar cell can make film-form, therefore quantum dot solar cell can be arranged on automobile case surface by stickup, no matter sunlight from which angular illumination can be absorbed, thus increases solar absorption efficiency.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is schematic block circuit diagram of the present utility model.
In figure, 1, solar charging circuit; 1a, solar cell; 1b, electric energy switching device shifter; 1c, generator; 1d, commercial power charged interface; 1e, pressurizer; 2, solar charging/discharging control module; 3, storage battery; 4, electric energy output end; 4a, the first electric energy output end; 4b, the second electric energy output end; 4c, the 3rd electric energy output end; 5, AC/DC transducer; 6, DC/AC transducer; 7, DC/DC transducer; 8, automatic switching control equipment.
Embodiment
Be below specific embodiment of the utility model, and by reference to the accompanying drawings technical scheme of the present invention be further described, but the present invention is not limited to these embodiments.
As shown in Figure 1, this solar cell system for vehicles comprises solar charging circuit 1, solar charging/discharging control module 2, storage battery 3, electric energy output end 4, AC/DC transducer 5, DC/AC transducer 6, DC/DC transducer 7 and automatic switching control equipment 8, wherein solar charging circuit 1 comprises solar cell 1a and electric energy switching device shifter 1b, and electric energy output end 4 comprises the first electric energy output end 4a, the second electric energy output end 4b and the 3rd electric energy output end 4c.In solar charging circuit 1, solar cell 1a is connected with the input of electric energy switching device shifter 1b, the output of electric energy switching device shifter 1b is connected with the input of automatic switching control equipment 8 and the input of solar charging/discharging control module 2 respectively by AC/DC transducer 5, and electric energy switching device shifter 1b is connected with the 3rd electric energy output end 4c.Solar charging/discharging control module 2 is connected with storage battery 3 and the discharge and recharge realizing controlling storage battery 3 operates.The output of solar charging/discharging control module 2 is connected with the second electric energy output end 4b through DC/AC transducer 6, is also connected with automatic switching control equipment 8 input simultaneously.The output of automatic switching control equipment 8 is connected with the second electric energy output end 4b through DC/DC transducer 7.It should be noted that, in the present embodiment, the first electric energy output end and the 3rd electric energy output end output voltage are the alternating current of 220V, can as vehicle-mounted mobile power lights purposes; Second electric energy output end output voltage is the direct current of the variable voltage of 5-24V, specifically can be divided into 5V, 9V, 12V and 24V, powers for giving each electrical system of automobile.
In the present embodiment, solar cell 1a adopts quantum dot solar cell, pastes by being made into film-form the outer surface being arranged on automobile case.Quantum dot solar cell is third generation solar cell, conversion efficiency is up to 60%, and primarily of the making such as titanium dioxide, zinc oxide, source is relatively more extensive, cheap, and owing to quantum dot solar cell enough can be made nano level film, alleviate more weight, be arranged on automobile case surface by being pasted by quantum dot solar cell, no matter sunlight from which angular illumination can be absorbed, thus increases solar absorption efficiency.
Cannot work cause the problem of storage battery quantity not sufficient to solve rainy weather solar cell, arrange commercial power charged interface 1d at the input of electric energy switching device shifter 1b, this commercial power charged interface 1d is connected with electric energy switching device shifter 1b by pressurizer 1e.At rainy weather, when storage battery quantity not sufficient, vehicle driver directly can be charged to automobile storage battery by commercial power charged interface, thus ensures that accumulator electric-quantity is sufficient.
Consider fuel economy and energy regenerating in addition, generator 1c is connected to the input of electric energy switching device shifter 1b.Like this when automobile engine works, generated electricity by the rotation of belt drive generator 1c while engine constantly operates, unnecessary electricity will store by storage battery 3, improves the fuel economy of automobile.
This solar cell system for vehicles specific works scheme is as follows:
During fine day: under automobile is in parked state, solar cell is to charge in batteries until accumulator electric-quantity is full of; Under automobile is in transport condition, by generator and solar cell simultaneously to charge in batteries, electric energy distributes to each electrical system of automobile by solar charging/discharging control module.
When rainy weather and night: under automobile is in parked state, user charges a battery until accumulator electric-quantity is full of by commercial power charged interface; Under automobile is in transport condition, by generator to charge in batteries, electric energy distributes to each electrical system of automobile by solar charging/discharging control module.
Specific embodiment described herein is only to the explanation for example of the utility model spirit.The utility model person of ordinary skill in the field can make various amendment or supplements or adopt similar mode to substitute to described specific embodiment, but can't depart from spirit of the present utility model or surmount the scope that appended claims defines.

Claims (6)

1. a solar cell system for vehicles, it is characterized in that, comprise solar charging circuit (1), solar charging/discharging control module (2), storage battery (3) and some electric energy output end (4), described solar charging circuit (1) output is connected with solar charging/discharging control module (2) input by AC/DC transducer (5), described solar charging/discharging control module (2) is connected with storage battery (3), described solar charging/discharging module output also connects automatic switching control equipment (8), electric energy output end described in several (4) comprises the first electric energy output end (4a) be connected with solar charging/discharging control module (2) output by DC/AC transducer (6), the second electric energy output end (4b) be connected with automatic switching control equipment (8) output by DC/DC transducer (7) and the 3rd electric energy output end (4c) be connected with solar charging circuit (1) output.
2. solar cell system for vehicles according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, described solar charging circuit (1) comprises solar cell (1a) and electric energy switching device shifter (1b), described solar cell (1a) connects the input of electric energy switching device shifter (1b), and the output of described electric energy switching device shifter (1b) connects solar charging/discharging control module (2) input, automatic switching module input and the 3rd electric energy output end (4c) respectively.
3. solar cell system for vehicles according to claim 2, it is characterized in that, described solar charging circuit (1) also comprises commercial power charged interface (1d), and described commercial power charged interface (1d) is connected with electric energy switching device shifter (1b) input by pressurizer (1e).
4. solar cell system for vehicles according to claim 3, it is characterized in that, described solar charging circuit (1) also comprises generator (1c), and described generator (1c) is connected with electric energy switching device shifter (1b) input.
5. the solar cell system for vehicles according to Claims 2 or 3 or 4, is characterized in that, described solar cell (1a) is the quantum dot solar cell (1a) in film-form.
6. solar cell system for vehicles according to claim 5, is characterized in that, described quantum dot solar cell (1a) is arranged on the outer surface of automobile case.
CN201520064464.9U 2015-01-29 2015-01-29 A kind of solar cell system for vehicles Active CN204391821U (en)

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108459526A (en) * 2018-03-30 2018-08-28 北京聚利科技股份有限公司 Vehicle-mounted spontaneous electric equipment and automobile

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108459526A (en) * 2018-03-30 2018-08-28 北京聚利科技股份有限公司 Vehicle-mounted spontaneous electric equipment and automobile

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