CN204359284U - A kind of online hot forging measurement mechanism of quick high accuracy - Google Patents

A kind of online hot forging measurement mechanism of quick high accuracy Download PDF

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Publication number
CN204359284U
CN204359284U CN201520060728.3U CN201520060728U CN204359284U CN 204359284 U CN204359284 U CN 204359284U CN 201520060728 U CN201520060728 U CN 201520060728U CN 204359284 U CN204359284 U CN 204359284U
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China
Prior art keywords
forging
displacement sensor
measurement
height displacement
optical distance
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CN201520060728.3U
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Chinese (zh)
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牛勇
张营杰
范玉林
谷瑞杰
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China National Heavy Machinery Research Institute Co Ltd
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China National Heavy Machinery Research Institute Co Ltd
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Abstract

The utility model discloses a kind of online hot forging measurement mechanism of quick high accuracy, described drive unit is arranged on pedestal, drive unit is provided with guide rail, optical distance measurement apparatus is arranged on guide rail, distance measuring equipment height displacement sensor is arranged on the bottom of guide rail, described forging manipulator arranges rotary encoder and forging height displacement sensor, and described optical distance measurement apparatus, distance measuring equipment height displacement sensor, rotary encoder are all connected with data handling system with forging height displacement sensor.The hot forging measurement mechanism of this online quick high accuracy, structure is simple, easy to operate, and in measuring process, optical distance measurement apparatus is without the need to movement, rotation, cost-saving; Measuring accuracy is high, measuring speed is fast; Forging process and measuring process can be carried out simultaneously, enhance productivity.

Description

A kind of online hot forging measurement mechanism of quick high accuracy
Technical field:
The utility model relates to flat-die forging equipment technology field, particularly relates to a kind of online hot forging measurement mechanism of quick high accuracy.
Background technology:
Large forgings is the important foundation of the development of the national economy, and the manufacturing capacity and the technical merit that improve large forgings have important social effect and economic worth comprehensively.So far, domestic heavy forging production firm all adopts simple tool by manually at high temperature directly measuring forging ' s block dimension, and the forging that diameter is less than 2m adopts clamp directly to measure usually, and major diameter adopts simple " gauge rod "; Work under bad environment, measuring error is large, and forging necessary off-line during measurement, Measuring Time is long, has a strong impact on forging quality and production efficiency.
Developed country achieves good achievement in large forgings measuring technique, have developed some measuring methods for large forgings dimensional measurement and system.But such system complex, introduce cost high, measuring speed is slow.Therefore, a kind of online hot forging measurement mechanism of quick high accuracy is badly in need of.
Utility model content
In order to overcome above-mentioned the deficiencies in the prior art, the utility model provides a kind of online hot forging measurement mechanism of quick high accuracy, to solve the problems of the technologies described above.
The utility model adopts following technical scheme: a kind of online hot forging measurement mechanism of quick high accuracy, comprise optical distance measurement apparatus, guide rail, drive unit, distance measuring equipment height displacement sensor, pedestal, forging manipulator, rotary encoder, forging height displacement sensor and data handling system, described drive unit is arranged on pedestal, drive unit is provided with guide rail, optical distance measurement apparatus is arranged on guide rail, distance measuring equipment height displacement sensor is arranged on the bottom of guide rail, described forging manipulator arranges rotary encoder and forging height displacement sensor, described optical distance measurement apparatus, distance measuring equipment height displacement sensor, rotary encoder is all connected with data handling system with forging height displacement sensor.
Described forging manipulator is used for clamping forge piece and rotates; Described optical distance measurement apparatus is used for the air line distance of detecting optical distance measuring equipment to forging surface, described distance measuring equipment height displacement sensor is used for the height of detecting optical distance measuring equipment, described forging height displacement sensor is for detecting the axis height of forging, and described rotary encoder is for detecting the forging anglec of rotation.
Described forging operation motor spindle arranges movable pulley, and the measuring process of this device can be carried out with forging process simultaneously.
A measuring process for the hot forging measurement mechanism of online quick high accuracy, comprises the steps:
(1) drive unit drives optical distance measurement apparatus to move up and down along guide rail, and optical distance measurement apparatus is placed in the plane at forging axis place.
(2) optical distance measurement apparatus detecting optical distance measuring equipment is to the distance Y1 of forging surface D1 point, and optical distance measurement apparatus is definite value to the distance X of forging axis, and R1=X-Y1 is the distance of forging axis to surperficial D1 point, record R1 and rotary encoder measured value A1.
(3) forging rotates along axis, and optical distance measurement apparatus detecting optical distance measuring equipment is to the distance Y2 of forging surface D2 point, and R2=X-Y2 is the distance of forging axis to surperficial D2 point, record R2 and rotary encoder measured value A2.
(4) repetitive operation step (3), forging rotates full one week along axis, record data R1, R2 ... Rn and anglec of rotation A1, A2 ... An.
(5) according to step (4) the data obtained R1, R2 ... Rn and anglec of rotation A1, A2 ... An, data handling system carries out data processing, finally obtains forging cross sectional shape.
Compared with prior art, advantage of the present utility model: a kind of online hot forging measurement mechanism of quick high accuracy, its structure is simple, and reasonable in design, in measuring process, optical distance measurement apparatus is without the need to movement, rotation, and measuring accuracy is high, measuring speed is fast; Forging process and measuring process can be carried out simultaneously, reduce costs, improve production efficiency.
Accompanying drawing illustrates:
Fig. 1 is layout structure schematic diagram of the present utility model;
Fig. 2 is the utility model layout structure left view and measuring principle schematic diagram;
In figure: 1, optical distance measurement apparatus, 2, guide rail, 3, drive unit, 4, distance measuring equipment height displacement sensor, 5, pedestal, 6, forging, 7, forging manipulator, 8, rotary encoder, 9, forging height displacement sensor.
Embodiment
Below in conjunction with the drawings and specific embodiments to the utility model to further elaboration.
As shown in Figure 1-2, a kind of online hot forging measurement mechanism of quick high accuracy, comprise optical distance measurement apparatus 1, guide rail 2, drive unit 3, distance measuring equipment height displacement sensor 4, pedestal 5, forging manipulator 7, rotary encoder 8, forging height displacement sensor 9 and data handling system (not shown in FIG.), described drive unit 3 is arranged on pedestal 5, drive unit 3 is provided with guide rail 2, optical distance measurement apparatus 1 is arranged on guide rail 2, distance measuring equipment height displacement sensor 4 is arranged on the bottom of guide rail 2, described forging manipulator 7 arranges rotary encoder 8 and forging height displacement sensor 9, described optical distance measurement apparatus 1, distance measuring equipment height displacement sensor 4, rotary encoder 8 is all connected with data handling system with forging height displacement sensor 9.Described forging manipulator 7 rotates for clamping forge piece 6; Described optical distance measurement apparatus 1 is for the air line distance on detecting optical distance measuring equipment 1 to forging 6 surface, described distance measuring equipment height displacement sensor 4 is for the height of detecting optical distance measuring equipment 1, described forging height displacement sensing 9 device is for detecting the axis height of forging 6, described rotary encoder 8, for detecting forging 6 anglec of rotation, arranges movable pulley bottom described forging manipulator 7.
As shown in Figure 2, the measuring process of the hot forging measurement mechanism of a kind of online quick high accuracy, comprises the steps:
(1) drive unit drives optical distance measurement apparatus to move up and down along guide rail, and optical distance measurement apparatus is placed in the plane at forging axis place.
(2) optical distance measurement apparatus detecting optical distance measuring equipment is to the distance Y1 of forging surface D1 point, and optical distance measurement apparatus is definite value to the distance X of forging axis, and R1=X-Y1 is the distance of forging axis to surperficial D1 point, record R1 and rotary encoder measured value A1.
(3) forging rotates along axis, and optical distance measurement apparatus detecting optical distance measuring equipment is to the distance Y2 of forging surface D2 point, and R2=X-Y2 is the distance of forging axis to surperficial D2 point, record R2 and rotary encoder measured value A2.
(4) repetitive operation step (3), forging rotates full one week along axis, record data R1, R2 ... Rn and anglec of rotation A1, A2 ... An.
(5) according to step (4) the data obtained R1, R2 ... Rn and anglec of rotation A1, A2 ... An, data handling system carries out data processing, finally obtains forging cross sectional shape.
The measuring accuracy of online quick high accuracy hot forging measurement mechanism is high, measuring speed fast, and measuring process can be carried out with forging process simultaneously, improves production efficiency.
Above embodiment is only introduces preferred case of the present utility model, to those skilled in the art, not deviating from any apparent changes and improvements of carrying out in the scope of the utility model spirit, all should be regarded as a part of the present utility model.

Claims (3)

1. the hot forging measurement mechanism of online quick high accuracy, comprise optical distance measurement apparatus, guide rail, drive unit, distance measuring equipment height displacement sensor, pedestal, forging manipulator, rotary encoder, forging height displacement sensor and data handling system, it is characterized in that, described drive unit is arranged on pedestal, drive unit is provided with guide rail, optical distance measurement apparatus is arranged on guide rail, distance measuring equipment height displacement sensor is arranged on the bottom of guide rail, described forging manipulator arranges rotary encoder and forging height displacement sensor, described optical distance measurement apparatus, distance measuring equipment height displacement sensor, rotary encoder is all connected with data handling system with forging height displacement sensor.
2. a kind of online hot forging measurement mechanism of quick high accuracy as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that, described forging manipulator is used for clamping forge piece and rotates; Described optical distance measurement apparatus is used for the air line distance of detecting optical distance measuring equipment to forging surface, described distance measuring equipment height displacement sensor is used for the height of detecting optical distance measuring equipment, described forging height displacement sensor is for detecting the axis height of forging, and described rotary encoder is for detecting the forging anglec of rotation.
3. a kind of online hot forging measurement mechanism of quick high accuracy as claimed in claim 1 or 2, it is characterized in that, described forging operation motor spindle arranges movable pulley.
CN201520060728.3U 2015-01-28 2015-01-28 A kind of online hot forging measurement mechanism of quick high accuracy Active CN204359284U (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104596440A (en) * 2015-01-28 2015-05-06 中国重型机械研究院股份公司 Rapid and high-precision online thermal-state forging measurement device
CN109894378A (en) * 2019-04-09 2019-06-18 湖北三环锻造有限公司 The hot forging online automatic detection method of knuckle

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104596440A (en) * 2015-01-28 2015-05-06 中国重型机械研究院股份公司 Rapid and high-precision online thermal-state forging measurement device
CN109894378A (en) * 2019-04-09 2019-06-18 湖北三环锻造有限公司 The hot forging online automatic detection method of knuckle

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