CN204281506U - The removal device of pollution substance in a kind of domestic sewage in rural areas - Google Patents

The removal device of pollution substance in a kind of domestic sewage in rural areas Download PDF

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Publication number
CN204281506U
CN204281506U CN201420657815.2U CN201420657815U CN204281506U CN 204281506 U CN204281506 U CN 204281506U CN 201420657815 U CN201420657815 U CN 201420657815U CN 204281506 U CN204281506 U CN 204281506U
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China
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pond
domestic sewage
removal
rural areas
plant
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CN201420657815.2U
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Chinese (zh)
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蒋胜韬
白书立
王三秀
管玉江
祝建中
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Taizhou University
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Taizhou University
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Abstract

The utility model discloses the removal device of pollution substance in a kind of domestic sewage in rural areas, comprise the three-grid septic tank of sequential communication, filter screen, anaerobic suspended packed bed reaction tank, low-oxygen aeration pond, vertical sedimentation tank, artificial aquatic-plant bed and suction phosphorus pond, and three-grid septic tank, filter screen, anaerobic suspended packed bed reaction tank, low-oxygen aeration pond, vertical sedimentation tank is disposed side by side on top, artificial aquatic-plant bed and suction phosphorus pond are then disposed side by side on bottom, and be also provided with water distribution gallery between the water outlet of described vertical sedimentation tank and the water-in of artificial aquatic-plant bed.The processing efficiency of the utility model to domestic sewage in rural areas is high, effluent quality can reach the one-level A standard in " urban wastewater treatment firm pollutant emission standard " (GB 18918-2002), and floor space is little simultaneously, reduced investment, Operation Administration and Maintenance is simple, and operation and maintenance cost is low.

Description

The removal device of pollution substance in a kind of domestic sewage in rural areas
Technical field
The utility model relates to a kind of removal device of pollution substance, especially relates to the removal device of the pollution substance such as carbon, nitrogen, phosphorus in a kind of domestic sewage in rural areas, belongs to technical field of sewage.
Background technology
Domestic sewage in rural areas is mainly from the sewage that (kitchen guarding, bathing, laundry etc.) in resident's daily life process discharge, wherein containing a large amount of greases, microorganism, foreign material, there is the content of nitrogen and phosphorous high, the feature that water quality is comparatively stable, biodegradability is good, general population size at the rural urbanization sewage day generation of 4000-6000 people at about 500 tons and sewage discharge peak valley difference is obvious.
China has 63.4 ten thousand administrative villages, current national rural area has a large amount of sanitary sewage directly to discharge every year, according to the whole nation first time Pollutant source investigation result display of 2007, the sanitary sewage in rural area, domestic refuse, Pollution from livestock and poultry and unreasonablely use the pollution of area source etc. that fertilizer and pesticide causes and accounted for the dominant position of environmental pollution.Rural Plane Source Pollution is mainly derived from the unordered discharge of undressed sanitary sewage, wherein will polluted surface water, underground water etc. cause rural environment entirety to worsen containing large amount of organic matter and microorganism as not being effectively addressed, the harmless treatment therefore how realizing sanitary sewage have become the key of rural environment comprehensive improvement.
Sewage disposal pattern is divided into two kinds, centralized sewage disposal pattern and decentralized type sewage tupe.Wherein centralized sewage disposal pattern is suitable for city and the small towns of Residential concentration, and decentralized type sewage tupe is then suitable for the rural area comparatively disperseed of living.China's existing decentralized type sewage treatment facility adopts traditional catalytic oxidation, active sludge, artificial swamp (plant), unpowered technique etc. mostly.The single aeration mode of only employing had, energy consumption are higher; The plant treatment methods such as some employing artificial swamps, floor space is large, and climate affects, fluctuation of service; Some device integrations are not high, and processing condition are not easily grasped and controlled, and after process, effluent quality is not easily stablized, and does not consider denitrogenation dephosphorizing.
In recent years, studies in China personnel have carried out many research to sanitary sewage, a kind of staged sewage percolation purification system disclosed in existing document Patent CN 203333445 U, along the ramp below sewage collecting pool being arranged wetland diafiltration water cleaning systems, in the surrounding of each wetland diafiltration water cleaning systems and bottom, watertight insulation is set, in each wetland diafiltration water cleaning systems, diafiltration water purification layer is set, the topsoil for planting wetland plant is coated with above diafiltration water purification layer, technique is simple, capital cost is low, easily manage and protect, pollution-free, good to domestic sewage in rural areas removal effect, the landscape plant of plantation, medicinal plant, food plant has higher sight and economic worth, be well suited for mountainous rural area purification.
A kind of ecological greenbelt treatment process processing domestic sewage in rural areas that patent CN 101948214 A relates to, this treatment process forms primarily of anaerobic pretreatment step, artificial wetland treatment step and shallow-layer ecological pond Aerobic biological process step, adopt anaerobic pretreatment, artificial swamp, shallow-layer ecological pond forms an ecological green land treatment system and carries out rural domestic sewage treatment, have treatment effect good, can original place reuse, invest low, system cloud gray model expense is low, safeguard the features such as simple, ecological benefits are remarkable.
The integrated rural sewage treatment system that patent CN 202226754 U relates to, be made up of sewage collecting pool, biological treatment system, sludge sump, described sewage collecting pool is by transportation water pump and biological treatment system UNICOM, biological treatment system comprises anoxic pond, anaerobic pond, Aerobic Pond, second pond, and sludge sump is placed in anoxic pond and is connected with second pond by air-lift device with on anaerobism pool side.This technique possesses skills that stable performance, treatment effect are good, reduced investment, occupation of land less, simple to operate, convenient management, long service life, the advantage such as easy to maintenance, be special set treatment device designed by the water quality characteristics of domestic sewage in rural areas.
Integrated bio-contact oxidation device described by patent CN 202744423 U, it belongs to field of environment engineering technology, this utility model biological contact oxidation process has the feature of activated sludge process concurrently, effluent quality is good and stable, biological contact oxidation process volumetric loading is high, and the treatment time is short and without sludge bulking problem.
The technique of above-mentioned rural domestic sewage treatment has substantially all possessed that technical feature is stable, treatment effect is good, reduced investment, occupation of land less, simple to operate, convenient management, long service life, the requirement such as easy to maintenance, but effluent quality all can only reach national standard reference.
Utility model content
Technical problem to be solved in the utility model is, can reach the removal device of pollution substance in the domestic sewage in rural areas of the one-level A standard in " urban wastewater treatment firm pollutant emission standard " (GB18918-2002) after providing one way of life sewage disposal.
For solving the problems of the technologies described above, the technical solution adopted in the utility model is:
The removal device of pollution substance in a kind of domestic sewage in rural areas, it is characterized in that, comprise the three-grid septic tank of sequential communication, filter screen, anaerobic suspended packed bed reaction tank, low-oxygen aeration pond, vertical sedimentation tank, artificial aquatic-plant bed and suction phosphorus pond, and three-grid septic tank, filter screen, anaerobic suspended packed bed reaction tank, low-oxygen aeration pond, vertical sedimentation tank are disposed side by side on top, artificial aquatic-plant bed and suction phosphorus pond are then disposed side by side on bottom, and are also provided with water distribution gallery between the water outlet of described vertical sedimentation tank and the water-in of artificial aquatic-plant bed.
Further, the middle part of described anaerobic suspended packed bed reaction tank is provided with baffle, the opening of described baffle is arranged on the bottom of anaerobic suspended packed bed reaction tank, and described anaerobic suspended packed bed reaction tank water-in and water outlet are all arranged on top, the overall upflowing structure forming anaerobic suspended packed bed reaction tank.
And the floating stuffing in described anaerobic suspended packed bed reaction tank is porous spherical filler.
And the aerating apparatus in described low-oxygen aeration pond is jet aerator.And the aeration mode of described jet aerator is intermittent aeration.
Further, described artificial aquatic-plant bed comprises batten chinampa framework, plant floating bed and waterplant, described is plant floating bedly erected on the framework of batten chinampa, described waterplant be then arranged on plant floating bed on.And described plant floating bed material is the mixture of polystyrene and plastics.
In addition, the filler in described suction phosphorus pond is modified zeolite.
Utilize the removal device of pollution substance in above-mentioned domestic sewage in rural areas to carry out the minimizing technology of pollution substance in domestic sewage in rural areas, it is characterized in that, comprise the following steps:
(1) first enter three-grid septic tank by after Domestic sewage collecting, sanitary sewage tackles large suspended particulate contaminants through filter screen after three-grid septic tank process, then enters anaerobic suspended packed bed reaction tank and carries out pre-treatment;
(2) utilize the metabolic function being attached to the anerobe on floating stuffing in anaerobic suspended packed bed reaction tank, by the organic matter degradation in sanitary sewage, anaerobic suspended packed bed hydraulic detention time is 5-6h;
(3) enter low-oxygen aeration pond after the water outlet of anaerobic suspended packed bed reaction tank and carry out biochemical reaction, organism in further removal sewage, the aerating apparatus in low-oxygen aeration pond is jet aerator, and takes intermittent aeration mode, and the hydraulic detention time in low-oxygen aeration pond is 2-3h;
(4) enter vertical sedimentation basin after the water outlet of low-oxygen aeration pond and remove suspended sludge, then enter artificial aquatic-plant bed, utilize the sorption of waterplant root system to reduce N, P index in sewage further;
(5) water outlet of artificial aquatic-plant bed enters and inhales phosphorus pond, inhaling phosphorus pond adopts modified zeolite as filler, residual phosphorus in absorption effluent, enter surrounding water after water outlet through inhaling phosphorus pond reaches GB one-level A standard, wherein said GB one-level A standard is the one-level A standard in " urban wastewater treatment firm pollutant emission standard " (GB 18918-2002).
The beneficial effects of the utility model are: anaerobic suspended packed bed reaction tank described in the utility model can change recalcitrant substance in sewage into readily biodegradable material, effectively improves rural domestic sewage treatment efficiency; And low-oxygen aeration pond does not need continuous aeration, reduce expense needed for device long-term operation; And the index of N, P in utilizing artificial aquatic-plant bed to purify waste water further; In addition, the processing efficiency of the utility model to domestic sewage in rural areas is high, and effluent quality can reach the one-level A standard in " urban wastewater treatment firm pollutant emission standard " (GB 18918-2002), floor space is little simultaneously, reduced investment, Operation Administration and Maintenance is simple, and operation and maintenance cost is low.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the process flow sheet of the utility model one embodiment;
Fig. 2 is the plot plan of the utility model one embodiment.
In figure, Main Reference Numerals implication is:
1, three-grid septic tank 2, filter screen 3, anaerobic suspended packed bed reaction tank 4, low-oxygen aeration pond
5, vertical sedimentation tank 6, artificial aquatic-plant bed 7, suction phosphorus pond.
Embodiment
The utility model is described in detail below in conjunction with the drawings and specific embodiments.
Fig. 1 is the process flow sheet of the utility model one embodiment; Fig. 2 is the plot plan of the utility model one embodiment.
As depicted in figs. 1 and 2: the removal device of pollution substance in domestic sewage in rural areas, comprise the three-grid septic tank 1 of sequential communication, filter screen 2, anaerobic suspended packed bed reaction tank 3, low-oxygen aeration pond 4, vertical sedimentation tank 5, artificial aquatic-plant bed 6 and suction phosphorus pond 7, and three-grid septic tank 1, filter screen 2, anaerobic suspended packed bed reaction tank 3, low-oxygen aeration pond 4, vertical sedimentation tank 5 is disposed side by side on top, artificial aquatic-plant bed 6 and suction phosphorus pond 7 are then disposed side by side on bottom, and be also provided with water distribution gallery between the water outlet of described vertical sedimentation tank 5 and the water-in of artificial aquatic-plant bed 6.
And, in the present embodiment, the middle part of anaerobic suspended packed bed reaction tank 3 is provided with baffle, the opening of described baffle is arranged on the bottom of anaerobic suspended packed bed reaction tank 3, and described anaerobic suspended packed bed reaction tank 3 water-in and water outlet are all arranged on top, the overall upflowing structure forming anaerobic suspended packed bed reaction tank 3, and the floating stuffing in described anaerobic suspended packed bed reaction tank 3 is porous spherical filler.
And the aerating apparatus in described low-oxygen aeration pond 4 is jet aerator, and the aeration mode of described jet aerator is intermittent aeration.
In addition, described artificial aquatic-plant bed 6 comprises batten chinampa framework, plant floating bed and waterplant, described be plant floating bedly erected on the framework of batten chinampa, described waterplant be then arranged on plant floating bed on, and described plant floating bed material is the mixture of polystyrene and plastics.
And the filler in described suction phosphorus pond is modified zeolite.
embodiment 1:
Adopt the sanitary sewage that the removal device process village of pollution substance in above-mentioned domestic sewage in rural areas produces, the generation of sanitary sewage is 50 ton per days, enters surrounding water again after requiring the one-level A standard during process reaches " urban wastewater treatment firm pollutant emission standard " (GB 18918-2002).
First sanitary sewage enters three-grid septic tank 1, and sanitary sewage tackles large suspended particulate contaminants through filtering net 2 after three grades of septic tanks 1 process, and then enters anaerobic suspended packed bed reaction tank 3 and carries out pre-treatment;
Anaerobic suspended packed bed reaction tank 3 adopts upflowing structure, and floating stuffing adopts porous ball-shaped filling material, and anaerobic suspended packed bed hydraulic detention time controls at 5h;
Anaerobic suspended packed bed reaction tank 3 water outlet enters low-oxygen aeration pond 4 and carries out biochemical reaction, organism in further removal sewage, intermittent aeration mode is taked in low-oxygen aeration pond 4, and aerating apparatus adopts jet aerator, and the hydraulic detention time in low-oxygen aeration pond is 3h;
Low-oxygen aeration pond 4 water outlet enters vertical sedimentation basin 5 and removes suspended sludge, then enters artificial aquatic-plant bed 6, utilizes the sorption of root system of plant to reduce N, P index in sewage further;
Artificial aquatic-plant bed 6 water outlet enters inhales phosphorus pond 7, inhaling phosphorus pond 7 adopts modified zeolite as filler, residual phosphorus in absorption effluent, enters surrounding water after inhaling the one-level A standard that the water outlet in phosphorus pond 7 reaches in " urban wastewater treatment firm pollutant emission standard " (GB 18918-2002).
embodiment 2:
The generation of certain village sanitary sewage is 150 ton per days, first sanitary sewage enters three-grid septic tank 1, sanitary sewage tackles large suspended particulate contaminants through filtering net 2 after three-grid septic tank 1 processes, and then enters anaerobic suspended packed bed reaction tank 3 and carries out pre-treatment;
Anaerobic suspended packed bed reaction tank 3 adopts upflowing structure, and floating stuffing adopts porous ball-shaped filling material, and anaerobic suspended packed bed hydraulic detention time controls as 5.5h;
Anaerobic suspended packed bed reaction tank 3 water outlet enters low-oxygen aeration pond 4 and carries out biochemical reaction, organism in further removal sewage, intermittent aeration mode is taked in low-oxygen aeration pond 4, and aerating apparatus adopts jet aerator, and the hydraulic detention time in low-oxygen aeration pond 4 is 2.5h;
Low-oxygen aeration pond 4 water outlet enters vertical sedimentation basin 5 and removes suspended sludge, then enters artificial aquatic-plant bed 6, utilizes the sorption of root system of plant to reduce N, P index in sewage further;
Artificial aquatic-plant bed 6 water outlet enters inhales phosphorus pond 7, inhales phosphorus pond 7 and adopts modified zeolite as filler, residual phosphorus in absorption effluent, and the water outlet in suction phosphorus pond 7 reaches the one-level A standard in " urban wastewater treatment firm pollutant emission standard " (GB 18918-2002).
The utility model is illustrated according to above-described embodiment and should be appreciated that above-described embodiment does not limit the utility model in any form, and all employings are equal to replacement or the technical scheme that obtains of equivalent transformation mode, all drop within protection domain of the present utility model.

Claims (7)

1. the removal device of pollution substance in a domestic sewage in rural areas, it is characterized in that, comprise the three-grid septic tank of sequential communication, filter screen, anaerobic suspended packed bed reaction tank, low-oxygen aeration pond, vertical sedimentation tank, artificial aquatic-plant bed and suction phosphorus pond, and three-grid septic tank, filter screen, anaerobic suspended packed bed reaction tank, low-oxygen aeration pond, vertical sedimentation tank are disposed side by side on top, artificial aquatic-plant bed and suction phosphorus pond are then disposed side by side on bottom, and are also provided with water distribution gallery between the water outlet of described vertical sedimentation tank and the water-in of artificial aquatic-plant bed.
2. the removal device of pollution substance in a kind of domestic sewage in rural areas according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, the middle part of described anaerobic suspended packed bed reaction tank is provided with baffle, the opening of described baffle is arranged on the bottom of anaerobic suspended packed bed reaction tank, and described anaerobic suspended packed bed reaction tank water-in and water outlet are all arranged on top.
3. according to the removal device of pollution substance in a kind of domestic sewage in rural areas described in claim 1 or 2, it is characterized in that, the floating stuffing in described anaerobic suspended packed bed reaction tank is porous spherical filler.
4. the removal device of pollution substance in a kind of domestic sewage in rural areas according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, the aerating apparatus in described low-oxygen aeration pond is jet aerator.
5. the removal device of pollution substance in a kind of domestic sewage in rural areas according to claim 4, it is characterized in that, the aeration mode of described jet aerator is intermittent aeration.
6. the removal device of pollution substance in a kind of domestic sewage in rural areas according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, described artificial aquatic-plant bed comprises batten chinampa framework, plant floating bed and waterplant, described be plant floating bedly erected on the framework of batten chinampa, described waterplant be then arranged on plant floating bed on.
7. the removal device of pollution substance in a kind of domestic sewage in rural areas according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, the filler in described suction phosphorus pond is modified zeolite.
CN201420657815.2U 2014-11-06 2014-11-06 The removal device of pollution substance in a kind of domestic sewage in rural areas Expired - Fee Related CN204281506U (en)

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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104355490A (en) * 2014-11-06 2015-02-18 台州学院 Device and method for removing pollutants in rural domestic sewage
CN105585210A (en) * 2015-12-23 2016-05-18 常熟理工学院 Novel technology for treating aquaculture wastewater of fungus-aquatic plant symbiotic system
CN110282815A (en) * 2019-06-11 2019-09-27 芜湖浩睿环保科技有限公司 A kind of rural sewage ecological processing system and technique coupling modern cultivation technique

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104355490A (en) * 2014-11-06 2015-02-18 台州学院 Device and method for removing pollutants in rural domestic sewage
CN104355490B (en) * 2014-11-06 2016-01-06 台州学院 The removal device of pollution substance and minimizing technology in a kind of domestic sewage in rural areas
CN105585210A (en) * 2015-12-23 2016-05-18 常熟理工学院 Novel technology for treating aquaculture wastewater of fungus-aquatic plant symbiotic system
CN110282815A (en) * 2019-06-11 2019-09-27 芜湖浩睿环保科技有限公司 A kind of rural sewage ecological processing system and technique coupling modern cultivation technique

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CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20150422

Termination date: 20151106

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