CN204261734U - A kind of micronizer with knot screen - Google Patents

A kind of micronizer with knot screen Download PDF

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Publication number
CN204261734U
CN204261734U CN201420727562.1U CN201420727562U CN204261734U CN 204261734 U CN204261734 U CN 204261734U CN 201420727562 U CN201420727562 U CN 201420727562U CN 204261734 U CN204261734 U CN 204261734U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
main shaft
grading wheel
shell
liquid flowing
cooling liquid
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Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN201420727562.1U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
胡祥文
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HUNAN ZHANWANG BIOTECHNOLOGY DEVELOPMENT Co Ltd
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HUNAN ZHANWANG BIOTECHNOLOGY DEVELOPMENT Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201420727562.1U priority Critical patent/CN204261734U/en
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Publication of CN204261734U publication Critical patent/CN204261734U/en
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Abstract

The utility model provides a kind of micronizer with knot screen, relate to feed processing machinery technical field, it comprises shell, crushing system and hierarchy system, crushing system comprises pulverizing main shaft, grating disk, hammer leaf and gear ring, hierarchy system comprises classification main shaft, grading wheel and fluid dividing cover, the bottom face of fluid dividing cover is lower than the upper surface or concordant with it of hammer leaf, the top end face of fluid dividing cover is higher than the top end face or concordant with it of grading wheel, the below of grading wheel is provided with kuppe, kuppe is connected to the base plate of grading wheel, blast fan is provided with in kuppe, classification main shaft is connected with blast fan through the base plate of grading wheel, the top of charging aperture is provided with feed hopper and drum sieve, be provided with in feed hopper for impurity roll, impurity roll comprises steel shafts, the outer cover of steel shafts is provided with the plastic partition magnetosphere of tubular, the outer peripheral face of plastic partition magnetosphere is provided with magnetic blade.This micronizer has that grading effect is good, by-passing parts structure is simple and the feature that crush efficiency is high.

Description

A kind of micronizer with knot screen
Technical field
The utility model relates to feed processing machinery technical field, particularly a kind of micronizer with knot screen.
Background technology
Feed needs first to be pulverized by various raw material before granulation, the crushing effect of raw material will directly affect the effect of granulation, at present, feedstuff industry generally adopts vertical superfine crusher without sieve to the raw material that grinds fodder, Chinese utility model patent 200520012124.8 discloses a kind of vertical superfine crusher without sieve, in order to ensure good grading effect, this vertical superfine crusher without sieve adopts multilayer fluid dividing cover to be separated the material after pulverizing, although its product grading produced is even, but also there is following defect: 1. before feed carries out ultramicro grinding, in order to improve the efficiency of micronizer, the just oarse-grained feedstuff of usual needs is tentatively pulverized, often containing tiny iron filings or rubble in feedstuff after preliminary pulverizing, the micronizer of this band knot screen is due to without knot screen, mixed iron filings in the feed and rubble also can enter in machine with the raw material after preliminary pulverizing, thus, the hammer leaf of micronizer and gear ring is easily caused to damage.2. this vertical superfine crusher without sieve adopts multilayer fluid dividing cover to stock grading, the complicated structure of by-passing parts.3. the material falling to grating disk centre from fluid dividing cover in this vertical superfine crusher without sieve course of work only relies on the effect of centrifugal force toward the direction motion of hammer leaf and gear ring, and the movement velocity of material is comparatively slow, and the crush efficiency of machine is high not enough.
Utility model content
The technical problems to be solved in the utility model is to provide that a kind of grading effect is good, by-passing parts structure is simple and the micronizer of the band knot screen that crush efficiency is high.
In order to solve the problems of the technologies described above, the utility model adopts following technical scheme: a kind of micronizer with knot screen, comprise shell, crushing system and hierarchy system, described crushing system and hierarchy system are located at the inner chamber of shell, described crushing system is located at the below of hierarchy system, the middle part of described shell is provided with charging aperture, bottom is provided with air inlet, top is provided with discharging opening, described crushing system comprises pulverizing main shaft, grating disk, hammer leaf and gear ring, described pulverizing main shaft is rotationally connected with the base plate of shell, described grating disk is connected to the top of pulverizing main shaft, the upper surface of grating disk is located at by described hammer leaf, described gear ring is connected to the inwall of shell, described hierarchy system comprises classification main shaft, the fluid dividing cover of grading wheel and reverse frustoconic, described classification main shaft is rotationally connected with the top board of shell, described grading wheel is connected to classification main shaft, described fluid dividing cover is fixedly connected on the inwall of shell, the bottom face of described fluid dividing cover is lower than the upper surface or concordant with it of hammer leaf, the top end face of described fluid dividing cover is higher than the top end face or concordant with it of grading wheel, the below of described grading wheel is provided with the kuppe of truncated cone-shaped, described kuppe is connected to the base plate of grading wheel, blast fan is provided with in described kuppe, described classification main shaft is connected with blast fan through the base plate of grading wheel, the top of described charging aperture is provided with feed hopper and drum sieve, the below of drum sieve is located at by described feed hopper, the impurity roll for removing iron filings in feed is provided with in described feed hopper, described impurity roll comprises steel shafts, the outer cover of described steel shafts is provided with the plastic partition magnetosphere of tubular, the outer peripheral face of described plastic partition magnetosphere is provided with magnetic blade.
Further, the inside of described gear ring is provided with the first cooling liquid flowing channel, described shell is provided with the cooling fluid joint for injecting cooling fluid toward the first cooling liquid flowing channel, the second cooling liquid flowing channel is provided with in described pulverizing main shaft, the 3rd cooling liquid flowing channel is provided with in described grating disk and hammer leaf, described second cooling liquid flowing channel is arranged along the axle center of pulverizing main shaft, described 3rd cooling liquid flowing channel communicates with the second cooling liquid flowing channel, and the bottom face of described pulverizing main shaft is provided with the first swivel joint for injecting cooling fluid in the second cooling liquid flowing channel.
Further, the inside of described classification main shaft is provided with gas channel, the outer peripheral face of described classification main shaft is provided with the valve communicated with gas channel, described valve is positioned at grading wheel, described gas channel is arranged along the axle center of classification main shaft, and the top end face of described classification main shaft is provided with for the second swivel joint toward injecting compressed air in gas channel.
Preferably, the top of described air inlet is provided with air cleaner, and described air cleaner is connected with the inwall of shell and is positioned at the below of crushing system.
The beneficial effect that the utility model obtains is: the utility model is by being arranged to the upper surface or concordant with it lower than hammer leaf by the bottom face of fluid dividing cover, the top end face of fluid dividing cover is arranged to the top end face or concordant with it higher than grading wheel, grading wheel is placed in fluid dividing cover completely, during machine operation, material up blows afloat through the gap between gear ring and hammer leaf by the wind entered from air inlet, oarse-grained material is due to the iris action of gravity and fluid dividing cover, fall to rapidly on grating disk, only have the material of superfine microparticle just can enter in grading wheel and carry out classification, said structure adds the difficulty that large granular materials enters grading wheel, improve the hierarchical speed of grading wheel, ensure that grading effect and the production efficiency of machine, production of machinery product grading is out even, owing to adopting single fluid dividing cover, the structure of by-passing parts of the present utility model is very succinct, in addition, the utility model is provided with kuppe in the below of grading wheel, blast fan is provided with in kuppe, during machine operation, the direction motion of the material falling to grating disk centre from fluid dividing cover rapidly toward hammer leaf and gear ring under the acting in conjunction of blast fan and kuppe, and by fast-crushing, due to the existence of above-mentioned kuppe and blast fan, make the micronizer of this band knot screen have high crush efficiency, finally, the utility model by arranging feed hopper and drum sieve above charging aperture, and impurity roll is set in feed hopper, rubble in feedstuff can be sifted out by drum sieve, iron filings in feedstuff can be removed out by the effect of impurity roll, avoid iron filings and rubble and enter in machine the situation that the hammer leaf that causes micronizer and gear ring damage.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is internal structure schematic diagram of the present utility model;
Fig. 2 is the cross-sectional structure schematic diagram of the impurity roll in the utility model;
Reference numeral is:
1---shell 4---feed hopper 5---drum sieve 11---charging aperture 12---air inlet
13---discharging opening 14---air cleaner 21---pulverizing main shafts
22---grating disk 23---hammer leaf 24---gear rings
25---first cooling liquid flowing channel 26---cooling fluid joint
27---second cooling liquid flowing channel 28---the 3rd cooling liquid flowing channel
29---the first swivel joint 31---classification main shaft 32---grading wheels
33---fluid dividing cover 34---kuppe 35---blast fans
36---gas channel 37---valve 38---the second swivel joints
41---impurity roll 411---steel shafts 412---plastic partition magnetospheres
413---blade.
Detailed description of the invention
For the ease of the understanding of those skilled in the art, be further described the utility model below in conjunction with embodiment and accompanying drawing, the content that embodiment is mentioned is not to restriction of the present utility model.
As shown in Figure 1, a kind of micronizer with knot screen, comprise shell 1, crushing system and hierarchy system, crushing system and hierarchy system are located at the inner chamber of shell 1, crushing system is located at the below of hierarchy system, the middle part of shell 1 is provided with charging aperture 11, bottom is provided with air inlet 12, top is provided with discharging opening 13, crushing system comprises pulverizes main shaft 21, grating disk 22, hammer leaf 23 and gear ring 24, pulverize the base plate that main shaft 21 is rotationally connected with shell 1, grating disk 22 is connected to the top of pulverizing main shaft 21, the upper surface of grating disk 22 is located at by hammer leaf 23, gear ring 24 is connected to the inwall of shell 1, hierarchy system comprises classification main shaft 31, the fluid dividing cover 33 of grading wheel 32 and reverse frustoconic, classification main shaft 31 is rotationally connected with the top board of shell 1, grading wheel 32 is connected to classification main shaft 31, fluid dividing cover 33 is fixedly connected on the inwall of shell 1, the bottom face of fluid dividing cover 33 is lower than the upper surface of hammer leaf 23 or concordant with it (situation that the bottom face of fluid dividing cover 33 is concordant with the upper surface of hammer leaf 23 is not shown), the top end face of fluid dividing cover 33 is higher than the top end face of grading wheel 32 or concordant with it (situation that the top end face of fluid dividing cover 33 is concordant with the top end face of grading wheel 32 is not shown), the below of grading wheel 32 is provided with the kuppe 34 of truncated cone-shaped, kuppe 34 is connected to the base plate of grading wheel 32, blast fan 35 is provided with in kuppe 34, classification main shaft 31 is connected with blast fan 35 through the base plate of grading wheel 32, the top of charging aperture 11 is provided with feed hopper 4 and drum sieve 5, the below of drum sieve 5 is located at by feed hopper 4, the impurity roll 41 for removing iron filings in feed is provided with in feed hopper 4, impurity roll 41 comprises steel shafts 411, the outer cover of steel shafts 411 is provided with the plastic partition magnetosphere 412 of tubular, the outer peripheral face of plastic partition magnetosphere 412 is provided with magnetic blade 413.
In the above-described embodiments, the micronizer of the band knot screen that the utility model provides is by being arranged to the upper surface or concordant with it lower than hammer leaf 23 by the bottom face of fluid dividing cover 33, the top end face of fluid dividing cover 33 is arranged to the top end face or concordant with it higher than grading wheel 32, grading wheel 32 is placed in fluid dividing cover 33 completely, during machine operation, material up blows afloat through the gap between gear ring 24 and hammer leaf 23 by the wind entered from air inlet 12, oarse-grained material is due to the iris action of gravity and fluid dividing cover 33, fall to rapidly on grating disk 22, only have the material of superfine microparticle just can enter in grading wheel 32 and carry out classification, said structure adds the difficulty that large granular materials enters grading wheel 32, improve the hierarchical speed of grading wheel 32, ensure that grading effect and the production efficiency of machine, make production of machinery product grading out even, owing to adopting single fluid dividing cover, the structure of by-passing parts of the present utility model is very succinct, in addition, the utility model is provided with kuppe 34 in the below of grading wheel 32, blast fan 35 is provided with in kuppe 34, during machine operation, the direction motion of the material falling to grating disk 22 centre from fluid dividing cover 33 rapidly toward hammer leaf 23 and gear ring 24 under the acting in conjunction of blast fan 35 and kuppe 34, and by fast-crushing, due to the existence of above-mentioned kuppe 34 and blast fan 35, make the micronizer of this band knot screen have high crush efficiency, finally, the utility model by arranging feed hopper 4 and drum sieve 5 above charging aperture 11, and impurity roll 41 is set in feed hopper 4, rubble in feedstuff can be sifted out by drum sieve 5, iron filings in feedstuff can be removed out by the effect of impurity roll 41, avoid iron filings and rubble and enter in machine the situation that the hammer leaf 23 that causes micronizer and gear ring 24 damage.
Further, the inside of gear ring 24 is provided with the first cooling liquid flowing channel 25, shell 1 is provided with the cooling fluid joint 26 for injecting cooling fluid toward the first cooling liquid flowing channel 25, pulverize in main shaft 21 and be provided with the second cooling liquid flowing channel 27, the 3rd cooling liquid flowing channel 28 is provided with in grating disk 22 and hammer leaf 23, second cooling liquid flowing channel 27 is arranged along the axle center of pulverizing main shaft 21,3rd cooling liquid flowing channel 28 communicates with the second cooling liquid flowing channel 27, and the bottom face pulverizing main shaft 21 is provided with for the first swivel joint 29 toward injection cooling fluid in the second cooling liquid flowing channel 27.
In actual production process, along with the increase of machine run time, the temperature of gear ring 24 and hammer leaf 23 can constantly raise, after temperature raises, the wearability of gear ring 24 and hammer leaf 23 will reduce, now the wear extent of gear ring 24 and hammer leaf 23 can constantly increase, in addition, along with the rising of temperature, especially when the surface temperature of gear ring 24 and hammer leaf 23 reaches more than 180 degrees Celsius, nutriment in feed can run off in a large number because of high temperature, by injecting cooling fluid in gear ring 24 and hammer leaf 23, reduce the temperature of gear ring 24 and hammer leaf 23, both wearability and the service life of gear ring 24 and hammer leaf 23 had been ensure that, turn avoid the situation that the nutriment in feed runs off in a large number because of high temperature.
Further, the inside of classification main shaft 31 is provided with gas channel 36, the outer peripheral face of classification main shaft 31 is provided with the valve 37 communicated with gas channel 36, valve 37 is positioned at grading wheel 32, gas channel 36 is arranged along the axle center of classification main shaft 31, and the top end face of classification main shaft 31 is provided with for the second swivel joint 38 toward injecting compressed air in gas channel 36.
After machine uses a period of time, a large amount of feed powders can be accumulated between the blade of grading wheel 32, now the classification efficiency of grading wheel 32 can reduce greatly, service time one is long, even there will be the situation that grading wheel 32 blocks, by arranging valve 37 in grading wheel 32, second swivel joint 38 just can be connected air pump after often using a period of time by machine, valve 37 sprays high velocity air to blade thus is cleaned out by the feed powder accumulated between blade, ensure that the classification efficiency of grading wheel 32, avoids the situation of grading wheel blocking.
As one preferred embodiment, can also arrange air cleaner 14 above air inlet 12, above-mentioned air cleaner 14 is connected with the inwall of shell 1 and is positioned at the below of crushing system.
Usually a large amount of dust can be there is in Feed Manufacturing workshop; between air inlet 12 and crushing system, arrange air cleaner 14 can avoid the dust in external environment condition to enter in pulverizer the situation polluting feed, the quality of the finished product feedstuff that the micronizer that improve this band knot screen is produced.
Above-described embodiment is the utility model preferably implementation, and in addition, the utility model can also realize by alternate manner, and under the prerequisite not departing from the technical program design, any apparent replacement is all within protection domain of the present utility model.
Finally, it should be emphasized that, the improvements of the utility model relative to prior art are understood more easily in order to allow those of ordinary skill in the art, charts more of the present utility model and description are simplified, and for the sake of clarity, present specification is omitted some other elements, and those of ordinary skill in the art it is to be appreciated that these abridged elements also can form content of the present utility model.

Claims (4)

1. the micronizer with knot screen, comprise shell (1), crushing system and hierarchy system, described crushing system and hierarchy system are located at the inner chamber of shell (1), described crushing system is located at the below of hierarchy system, the middle part of described shell (1) is provided with charging aperture (11), bottom is provided with air inlet (12), top is provided with discharging opening (13), described crushing system comprises pulverizes main shaft (21), grating disk (22), hammer leaf (23) and gear ring (24), described pulverizing main shaft (21) is rotationally connected with the base plate of shell (1), described grating disk (22) is connected to the top of pulverizing main shaft (21), the upper surface of grating disk (22) is located at by described hammer leaf (23), described gear ring (24) is connected to the inwall of shell (1), described hierarchy system comprises classification main shaft (31), the fluid dividing cover (33) of grading wheel (32) and reverse frustoconic, described classification main shaft (31) is rotationally connected with the top board of shell (1), described grading wheel (32) is connected to classification main shaft (31), described fluid dividing cover (33) is fixedly connected on the inwall of shell (1), it is characterized in that: the bottom face of described fluid dividing cover (33) is lower than the upper surface or concordant with it of hammer leaf (23), the top end face of described fluid dividing cover (33) is higher than the top end face or concordant with it of grading wheel (32), the below of described grading wheel (32) is provided with the kuppe (34) of truncated cone-shaped, described kuppe (34) is connected to the base plate of grading wheel (32), blast fan (35) is provided with in described kuppe (34), described classification main shaft (31) is connected with blast fan (35) through the base plate of grading wheel (32), the top of described charging aperture (11) is provided with feed hopper (4) and drum sieve (5), the below of drum sieve (5) is located at by described feed hopper (4), the impurity roll (41) for removing iron filings in feed is provided with in described feed hopper (4), described impurity roll (41) comprises steel shafts (411), the outer cover of described steel shafts (411) is provided with the plastic partition magnetosphere (412) of tubular, the outer peripheral face of described plastic partition magnetosphere (412) is provided with magnetic blade (413).
2. the micronizer of band knot screen according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: the inside of described gear ring (24) is provided with the first cooling liquid flowing channel (25), described shell (1) is provided with the cooling fluid joint (26) for injecting cooling fluid toward the first cooling liquid flowing channel (25), the second cooling liquid flowing channel (27) is provided with in described pulverizing main shaft (21), the 3rd cooling liquid flowing channel (28) is provided with in described grating disk (22) and hammer leaf (23), described second cooling liquid flowing channel (27) is arranged along the axle center of pulverizing main shaft (21), described 3rd cooling liquid flowing channel (28) communicates with the second cooling liquid flowing channel (27), the bottom face of described pulverizing main shaft (21) is provided with the first swivel joint (29) for injecting cooling fluid in the second cooling liquid flowing channel (27).
3. the micronizer of band knot screen according to claim 2, it is characterized in that: the inside of described classification main shaft (31) is provided with gas channel (36), the outer peripheral face of described classification main shaft (31) is provided with the valve (37) communicated with gas channel (36), described valve (37) is positioned at grading wheel (32), described gas channel (36) is arranged along the axle center of classification main shaft (31), and the top end face of described classification main shaft (31) is provided with for the second swivel joint (38) toward gas channel (36) interior injecting compressed air.
4. according to the micronizer of the band knot screen in claim 1-3 described in any one, it is characterized in that: the top of described air inlet (12) is provided with air cleaner (14), described air cleaner (14) is connected with the inwall of shell (1) and is positioned at the below of crushing system.
CN201420727562.1U 2014-11-28 2014-11-28 A kind of micronizer with knot screen Expired - Fee Related CN204261734U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201420727562.1U CN204261734U (en) 2014-11-28 2014-11-28 A kind of micronizer with knot screen

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN204261734U true CN204261734U (en) 2015-04-15

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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105170317A (en) * 2015-08-19 2015-12-23 刘洋 Permanent magnetic attractor
CN105312230A (en) * 2015-12-07 2016-02-10 中冶京诚工程技术有限公司 Screen wood bit separation device
CN107988834A (en) * 2016-10-27 2018-05-04 中粮集团有限公司 A kind of pre-treating method of lignocellulosic

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105170317A (en) * 2015-08-19 2015-12-23 刘洋 Permanent magnetic attractor
CN105312230A (en) * 2015-12-07 2016-02-10 中冶京诚工程技术有限公司 Screen wood bit separation device
CN107988834A (en) * 2016-10-27 2018-05-04 中粮集团有限公司 A kind of pre-treating method of lignocellulosic
CN107988834B (en) * 2016-10-27 2019-09-10 中粮集团有限公司 A kind of pre-treating method of lignocellulosic

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CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20150415

Termination date: 20151128