CN204261527U - Inward flow filtration-type double-cavity dust remover - Google Patents

Inward flow filtration-type double-cavity dust remover Download PDF

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Publication number
CN204261527U
CN204261527U CN201420743269.4U CN201420743269U CN204261527U CN 204261527 U CN204261527 U CN 204261527U CN 201420743269 U CN201420743269 U CN 201420743269U CN 204261527 U CN204261527 U CN 204261527U
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China
Prior art keywords
face plate
cloth bag
metal filter
pod apertures
dust
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Expired - Fee Related
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CN201420743269.4U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
廉继尧
夏凤毅
钟洋
沈洲
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China Jiliang University
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China Jiliang University
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Abstract

The object of the utility model patent makes up the deficiencies in the prior art, provide a kind of inward flow filtration-type double-cavity dust remover, it is characterized in that: inside, described composite dedusting district comprises some filter elements, described filter element comprises circular filter inner chamber and annular filters exocoel, described circular filter inner chamber is surrounded by metal filter cylinders inner surface, described circular filter lumen centers position is also provided with the cathode line of vertically hanging, described annular filters exocoel and is surrounded by cloth bag and metal filter cylinders outer surface, described metal filter cylinders is fixed by upper face plate, described cloth bag is by upper, lower face plate is fixed, on described, the aperture of lower face plate institute perforate is increased progressively to side, gas outlet by row by air inlet side.Because deduster body adopts the filter element structure of this uniqueness, there is the advantage that floor space is little, space availability ratio is high, smoke treatment amount is large, simultaneously, by on transformation card convince discharge orifice by patient analysis pore size ash-laden gas is uniformly distributed in composite dedusting district, reduce equipment resistance, ash-laden gas enters filter element and makes the situation lower smoke outlet dust concentration that deduster body is only being provided with a power plant higher than national standard limit of smog release, can accomplish energy-saving and emission-reduction through an electric precipitation and twice dust removal by filtration.

Description

Inward flow filtration-type double-cavity dust remover
Technical field
The utility model relates to industrial dedusting field, more specifically a kind of inward flow filtration-type double-cavity dust remover.
Background technology
China's atmospheric environment situation is very severe, and the frequency that in region, air heavily contaminated phenomenon occurs on a large scale is simultaneously increasing, and the socioeconomic sustainable development of serious restriction, threatens body health of people.Particularly in the industrial processes such as thermoelectricity, cement, iron and steel, the burning of ature of coal can produce a large amount of dust, and dust pollution is current one of China's atmosphere pollution principal element that causes, and therefore industrial dust pollution is administered and seemed particularly important.
Sack cleaner and electrostatic precipitator are two kinds of traditional cleaners the most frequently used in industrial production, the two respectively has pluses and minuses, sack cleaner efficiency of dust collection is higher but cloth bag is very easily damaged by the restriction of deashing number of times, electric cleaner has that smoke treatment amount is large, low resistance and other advantages, but energy consumption is higher and efficiency of dust collection is larger by dust properties influence.Electricity bag composite dedusting technology is dedusting technology emerging in recent years, and combined by two kinds of dust removal mechanisms, the advantage of both performances, efficiency of dust collection is higher, can meet current maximum discharge requirement standard, therefore day by day be subject to the favor of She Chen enterprise.Electric-bag complex dust collector many employings prime electric field of current routine adds the form of rear class cloth bag, its dust removal mechanism is: dust-contained airflow is first by prime electric-field charge, under the effect of electric field force, major part dust is collected by anode dust collection plate, the dust granules cannot removed for electric precipitation is then trapped by rear class cloth bag, meanwhile, charged dust granules repels mutually at the sparse dust layer of cloth bag surface formation one deck, is beneficial to deashing.The combination of this electric cleaner and sack cleaner series connection, only adopt one-level or two-stage power plant, decrease prime electric field number and reduce energy consumption, the load of dust remove of rear class cloth bag also decreases, and decreases deashing number of times, extends cloth bag service life.But the combination technological process of this simple series connection is long, equipment is huge, leak out many, resistance is high, and after dust leaves power plant, negative ions neutralizes mutually, simultaneously, charged particle contact grounded conductive body also can discharge, and therefore can not have a large amount of identical charges ion at filter bag surface deposition, obviously can not improve cloth bag deashing characteristic.
Chinese patent ZL201110333176.5 discloses a kind of Combined type electric-bag dust collector, this Combined type electric-bag dust collector by positive plate, cloth bag and discharge electrode alternately, mixed-arrangement is in same room, form Combined type electric-bag dust collector: consist of, cloth bag is arranged between the positive plate of discharge electrode and positive plate, the cathode line of discharge electrode is arranged between positive plate and positive plate, and positive plate is arranged on both sides corresponding to the both sides corresponding with cathode line and cloth bag district.This Combined type electric-bag dust collector solves the large problem of conventional front electric back pkt. equipment resistance, and achieve the combination of electric bag dedusting technology, deduster floor space reduces, and is a kind of deduster that efficiency is very high up to now.But this Combined type electric-bag dust collector is by positive plate, cloth bag and the sparking electrode mode in dedusting area mixing arrangement, although enhance the charged effect of dust, but the mode of this mixing arrangement makes the number of dedusting area cloth bag to reduce when not increasing deduster floor space, decrease filter area, space availability ratio is low, is difficult to obtain ideal effect when flue gas flow is excessive.
Utility model content
In order to overcome the deficiency of existing Combined type electric-bag dust collector, the utility model provides one " inward flow filtration-type double-cavity dust remover ".In composite dedusting district, some filter elements are set, filter element inside arranges circular filter inner chamber and annular filters exocoel, circular filter inner chamber is surrounded by metal filter cylinders inner surface, metal filter cylinders is cylindrical mesh structure, annular filters exocoel and is surrounded by cloth bag and metal filter cylinders outer surface, is provided with sparking electrode in circular filter lumen centers position.Ash-laden gas enters into deduster from air inlet, it is charged that first dust granules enters circular filter inner chamber, under the effect of electric field force, charged grit moves to metal filter cylinders, at metal filter cylinders surface settlement and at metal filter cylinders surface formation dust layer, the dust layer that metal filter cylinders surface is formed completes the first filtration to dust, and the remaining dust granules do not trapped at circular filter inner chamber finally enters annular filtration exocoel and trapped by cloth bag through the secondary filter of cloth bag.
Technical solution of the present utility model is achieved in that a kind of inward flow filtration-type double-cavity dust remover, comprise composite dedusting district and spraying and blowing organ, described spraying and blowing organ is arranged on top, composite dedusting district, bottom, described composite dedusting district is provided with ash bucket and unloading valve, it is characterized in that: inside, described composite dedusting district comprises some filter elements, upper face plate and lower face plate, described filter element comprises circular filter inner chamber and annular filters exocoel, described circular filter inner chamber is surrounded by metal filter cylinders inner surface, described circular filter lumen centers position is also provided with the cathode line of vertically hanging, described annular filters exocoel and is surrounded by cloth bag and metal filter cylinders outer surface.
Preferably, described upper face plate and lower face plate surface have pod apertures, described metal filter cylinders upper end is fixed on below the pod apertures of upper face plate by clip, described cloth bag upper end is fixed on below the pod apertures of upper face plate by clip, described cloth bag lower end is fixed on above the pod apertures of lower face plate by clip, the aperture of described pod apertures is increased progressively to side, gas outlet by row by air inlet side, the aperture of each row's pod apertures of described upper face plate all with lower end the metal filter cylinders internal diameter fixed identical, the aperture of each row's pod apertures of described lower face plate all with upper end the cloth bag internal diameter fixed identical, on described, on lower face plate, the number of pod apertures is all consistent with the number of above-described filter element.
Preferably, described cloth bag internal diameter is between 200mm ~ 300mm, and length is 1200mm, and bag number of often arranging is identical, and cloth bag internal diameter is increased progressively to side, gas outlet by row by air inlet side.
Preferably, described metal filter cylinders internal diameter is between 100mm ~ 200mm, and length is 1200mm, often arrange metal filter cylinders number identical, metal filter cylinders internal diameter is increased progressively to side, gas outlet by row by air inlet side, and metal filter cylinders is cylindrical metal network structure, can be monolayer net or MULTILAYER COMPOSITE net.
Preferably, described a kind of inward flow filtration-type double-cavity dust remover also comprises the mechanical vibrator system for deashing.
The utility model adopts unique filter element structure, the cascade being different from Combined type electric-bag dust collector in prior art " front electric back pkt. " and the mode that positive plate, cloth bag and sparking electrode are arranged in dedusting area mixing, both technological process was shortened, enhance the pre electrified effect of dust, improve deashing property, extend cloth bag cleaning cycle thus extend cloth bag service life, reducing maintenance cost, meanwhile, space availability ratio is drastically increased.Enter the flue gas of dedusting area successively through an electric precipitation and the twice efficient removal of dust removal by filtration realization to dust granules, house outlet dust concentration can be controlled in 20mg/m 3below, single power plant runs, energy-saving and cost-reducing.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of the present embodiment inward flow filtration-type double-cavity dust remover;
Fig. 2 is that the present embodiment filter element local dust-contained airflow moves towards schematic diagram;
Fig. 3 is the filter element structural representation of the present embodiment;
Fig. 4 is the present embodiment card structural representation.
Wherein: 1, air inlet; 2, cloth bag; 3, metal filter cylinders; 4, cathode line; 5 lower face plates; 6, spraying and blowing organ; 7, upper face plate; 8, composite dedusting district; 9, dust collector box body; 10, gas outlet; 11, ash bucket; 12, base; 13, circular filter inner chamber; 14, annular filters exocoel; 15, pod apertures; 16, high charge level meter; 17, unloading valve; 18, low level-sensing device.
Detailed description of the invention
The utility model better embodiment is described in detail below in conjunction with accompanying drawing.
Shown in composition graphs 1 to Fig. 4, a kind of inward flow filtration-type double-cavity dust remover comprises dust collector box body 9, and described dust collector box body 9 comprises composite dedusting district 8, ash bucket 11, and top, described composite dedusting district is air inlet 1, and bottom is gas outlet 10, described composite dedusting district 8 comprises some filter elements, described filter element comprises circular filter inner chamber 13, annular filters exocoel 14, described circular filter inner chamber 13 is surrounded by metal filter cylinders 3 inner surface, described annular filters exocoel 14 and is surrounded by cloth bag 2 and metal filter cylinders 3 outer surface, described circular filter inner chamber 13 center is provided with the cathode line 4 of vertically hanging, described upper face plate 7 and lower face plate 5 surface have pod apertures 15, described metal filter cylinders 3 upper end is fixed on below the pod apertures of upper face plate 7 by clip, described cloth bag 2 upper end is fixed on below the pod apertures of upper face plate 7 by clip, described cloth bag 2 lower end is fixed on above the pod apertures of lower face plate 5 by clip, the number often arranging pod apertures identical and and filter element number be consistent, pod apertures aperture is increased progressively to side, gas outlet by row by air inlet side.
When dust-contained airflow enters into deduster from air inlet 1, under the effect of pod apertures 15, ash-laden gas enters each circular filter inner chamber 13 uniformly, cathode line 4 electric discharge makes dust granules charged, move to metal filter cylinders 3 under the effect of electric field force, there is sedimentation on metal filter cylinders 3 surface and form one deck dust layer gradually, metal filter cylinders 3 surface dust layer also has certain filtration to flue dust, dust-contained airflow completes pre electrified and primary purification, remaining dust granules of escaping from metal filter cylinders finally enters annular with air-flow and filters exocoel 14 and trapped by cloth bag through the secondary filter of cloth bag 2, clean air-flow is discharged by gas outlet 10 through filter bag, the dust granules be captured is removed by deashing mechanism and is fallen into ash bucket 11, high charge level meter 16 is equipped with at described ash bucket 11 height 2/3 place, described ash bucket bottom distance ash hole upwards 300mm ~ 600mm is equipped with low level-sensing device 18, unloading valve 17 is also equipped with in described ash bucket bottom, when dust is accumulated to certain altitude in ash bucket, unloading valve 17 is opened, dust is transported by unloading grey car by suction device, when dust in ash bucket lower than low level-sensing device 18 time, unloading valve 17 is closed.Inside, described composite dedusting district is also provided with cathode line erecting by overhang (not shown).
The beneficial effects of the utility model are:
(1) first the flue gas entering composite dedusting district realizes removing with first the pre electrified of dust granules through an electric precipitation and dust removal by filtration at circular filter inner chamber, the charged particle of escaping from circular filter inner chamber is trapped by cloth bag when filtering exocoel by annular, electric precipitation and bag-type dust organically combine, substantially reduce the impact of dust characteristic on dust removing effects, handling object is wide, especially can realize the efficient removal for trickle particle diameter dust.
(2) dust granules entering composite dedusting district wherein 80% is trapped by filter cylinder at circular filter inner chamber, reduces the load of dust remove of rear class cloth bag, reduces the deashing number of times of cloth bag, extends cloth bag service life
(3) upper and lower card open pore size increases progressively to side, gas outlet by row by air inlet side, flue gas stream is uniformly distributed in dedusting area, decreases the resistance of deduster.
(4) the utility model is different from the cascade of Combined type electric-bag dust collector in prior art " front electric back pkt. " and positive plate, cloth bag and sparking electrode is mixed the mode of arrangement in dedusting area, adopt unique filter element structure floor space little, compact conformation, space availability ratio is high, substantially reduce dust collecting process flow process, thus guarantee the charged effect of dust, improve the deashing property of cloth bag.
(5) first dust-contained airflow carries out pre electrified and first filtration at filtration inner chamber, and then enter filtration exocoel and complete final filtration, metal filter cylinders serves a kind of protective effect to filter bag, avoids because flue gas stream directly impacts cloth bag and damages filter bag.

Claims (5)

1. an inward flow filtration-type double-cavity dust remover, comprise composite dedusting district (8) and spraying and blowing organ (6), described spraying and blowing organ (6) is arranged on composite dedusting district (8) top, described composite dedusting district (8) bottom is provided with ash bucket (11) and unloading valve (17), it is characterized in that: described composite dedusting district (8) inside comprises upper face plate (7), lower face plate (5) and some filter elements, described filter element comprises circular filter inner chamber (13) and annular filters exocoel (14), described circular filter inner chamber is surrounded by metal filter cylinders (3) inner surface, described circular filter lumen centers position is also provided with the cathode line (4) of vertically hanging, described annular filters exocoel (14) and is surrounded by cloth bag (2) and metal filter cylinders (3) outer surface.
2. a kind of inward flow filtration-type double-cavity dust remover according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described upper face plate (7) and lower face plate (5) surface have pod apertures (15), described metal filter cylinders (3) upper end is fixed on below the pod apertures of upper face plate (7) by clip, described cloth bag (2) upper end is fixed on below the pod apertures of upper face plate (7) by clip, described cloth bag lower end is fixed on above the pod apertures of lower face plate (5) by clip, the aperture of described pod apertures (15) is increased progressively to side, gas outlet by row by air inlet side, the aperture of each row's pod apertures (15) of described upper face plate (7) all with lower end metal filter cylinders (3) internal diameter fixed identical, the aperture of each row's pod apertures (15) of described lower face plate (5) all with upper end cloth bag (3) internal diameter fixed identical, on described, on lower face plate, the number of pod apertures is all consistent with the number of above-described filter element.
3. a kind of inward flow filtration-type double-cavity dust remover according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described cloth bag internal diameter is between 200mm ~ 300mm, and length is 1200mm, and bag number of often arranging is identical, and cloth bag internal diameter is increased progressively to side, gas outlet by row by air inlet side.
4. a kind of inward flow filtration-type double-cavity dust remover according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described metal filter cylinders internal diameter is between 100mm ~ 200mm, length is 1200mm, often arrange metal filter cylinders number identical, metal filter cylinders internal diameter is increased progressively to side, gas outlet by row by air inlet side, metal filter cylinders is cylindrical metal network structure, can be monolayer net or MULTILAYER COMPOSITE net.
5. a kind of inward flow filtration-type double-cavity dust remover according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described a kind of inward flow filtration-type double-cavity dust remover also comprises the mechanical vibrator system for deashing.
CN201420743269.4U 2014-11-28 2014-11-28 Inward flow filtration-type double-cavity dust remover Expired - Fee Related CN204261527U (en)

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CN201420743269.4U CN204261527U (en) 2014-11-28 2014-11-28 Inward flow filtration-type double-cavity dust remover

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201420743269.4U CN204261527U (en) 2014-11-28 2014-11-28 Inward flow filtration-type double-cavity dust remover

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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106975304A (en) * 2017-04-08 2017-07-25 安徽盛运重工机械有限责任公司 A kind of NEW TYPE OF COMPOSITE deduster
CN108479205A (en) * 2018-04-29 2018-09-04 浙江洁宇环保装备科技有限公司 A kind of dust-extraction unit with airflow uniform distribution function
CN109833695A (en) * 2019-03-06 2019-06-04 苏州弘维环境科技有限公司 A kind of dedicated dry filter case of exhaust-gas treatment

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106975304A (en) * 2017-04-08 2017-07-25 安徽盛运重工机械有限责任公司 A kind of NEW TYPE OF COMPOSITE deduster
CN108479205A (en) * 2018-04-29 2018-09-04 浙江洁宇环保装备科技有限公司 A kind of dust-extraction unit with airflow uniform distribution function
CN109833695A (en) * 2019-03-06 2019-06-04 苏州弘维环境科技有限公司 A kind of dedicated dry filter case of exhaust-gas treatment

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CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20150415

Termination date: 20151128

EXPY Termination of patent right or utility model