CN204228539U - A kind of easy device of shear rheology instrument - Google Patents

A kind of easy device of shear rheology instrument Download PDF

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Publication number
CN204228539U
CN204228539U CN201420679241.9U CN201420679241U CN204228539U CN 204228539 U CN204228539 U CN 204228539U CN 201420679241 U CN201420679241 U CN 201420679241U CN 204228539 U CN204228539 U CN 204228539U
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China
Prior art keywords
shear
box
easy
arc
guide rod
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Withdrawn - After Issue
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CN201420679241.9U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
夏雄
先礼琼
奚赛英
李淋淋
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Changzhou University
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Changzhou University
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Abstract

The utility model relates to the experiment test instrument field of Geotechnical Engineering earth working material, is a kind of easy device of shear rheology instrument, this easy device by experiment porch, loading system and to measure one's own ability the compositions such as ring.The easy device of a kind of shear rheology instrument of the present utility model is tested inclined-plane and is formed two inclined-planes, place rise in proportion along guide rod by rotating handwheel in experiment porch, ensure that shearing force is parallel with soil sample bottom bevel, realize inclined-plane to shear, simulate different shearing angles of inclination, obtain the most weak shearing strength of earth working material and shear interview.Shear in loading system to load and loaded by the soft wire rope counterweight walking around fixed pulley, the accurate of load can be ensured like this, load is made to be a stationary value, operation steps is simple, test degree of accuracy is high, can effectively provide Shear Strength Index accurately and reliably, the angle of inclination of soil sample can be adjusted and stable shear stress is provided, showing that Shear Strength Index is more accurate.

Description

A kind of easy device of shear rheology instrument
Technical field
The utility model relates to the testing tool of a kind of Geotechnical Engineering earth working material test, particularly relates to a kind of easy device of shear rheology instrument.
Background technology
Rock-soil material is under external force and engineering impact on environment, the mechanical behavior of most appearance and time correlation, if be subject to the impact of other extraneous factors simultaneously, the change in Ground crack deformation path and the acceleration of distortion can be caused, the engineering project disasters such as final generation landslide, bring huge harm to the production of the mankind and life.Therefore, further investigate the character of rock-soil material and rule thereof is the important applied research in one, rock-soil mechanics field always.
Soil classifiction is one of important indicator of the strength characteristics of research soil, is the maximum mechanical performance index of building stability and security relationship.Estimation soil classifiction higher or on the low side, all can bring to engineering and destroy and waste.Therefore, provide accurately and reliably Shear Strength Index, reasonably use Shear Strength Index all extremely important.Soil classifiction index is drawn by shop experiment, main method is direct shear test and triaxial shear test, but shear surface is preassigned in direct shear test, objectively shear surface is not the most weak shear surface of sample shearing strength, the Shear Strength Index out of true therefore drawn.Triaxial shear test shear surface is unfixed, shear surface is the most weak face of sample shear resistance, and shear stress and shearing strain are evenly distributed, and strictly can control the actual theoretical value of drainage test result closer to soil sample, but triaxial shear test complicated operation, required sample is more.For the imperfection part of above instrument, the easy device of a kind of shear rheology of utility model instrument is necessary.
Utility model content
The technical problems to be solved in the utility model is: for overcoming above-mentioned Problems existing, provides a kind of easy device of follow-on shear rheology instrument, can adjust the angle of inclination of soil sample and provide stable shear stress, showing that Shear Strength Index is more accurate.
The utility model solves the technical scheme that its technical matters adopts: a kind of easy device of shear rheology instrument, comprise the worm screw of a horizontal positioned, the added powerful steel plate being provided with one piece of oblique placement of worm screw, down cut box is provided with above one end that described steel plate level is lower, described down cut box arranges shear box, wedge shape arc body is provided with above described upper shear box, described wedge shape arc body upper surface is plane, lower surface is inclined-plane, identical soil sample is inserted in centre, the method uniaxial stress of realization straight down, be provided with above wedge shape arc body and vertically load support, dial gauge is provided with above described vertical loading support, counterweight I is linked with below described vertical loading support, pallet I is provided with bottom counterweight I,
Arc guide barrel foundry goods is provided with on the left of described upper shear box and down cut box, arc guided mode is provided with on the right side of described down cut box, described arc guided mode and worm screw intersection are provided with gear I, fixing top iron is provided with above one end that described steel plate level is higher, described iron one end, fixing top is provided with oblique ring of measuring one's own ability, described ring of measuring one's own ability is provided with dial gauge, and described ring of measuring one's own ability is connected with down cut box;
One end that described steel plate level is higher is provided with guide rod, described guide rod and worm screw vertical distribution, described guide rod and worm screw intersection are provided with gear II, described guide rod top is provided with fixed pulley, described fixed pulley is arranged with powerful steel cable, described steel cable one end connects upper shear box, the described steel cable other end is connected with counterweight II, pallet II is provided with bottom counterweight II, counterweight II is by be connected with upper shear box and the steel cable walking around fixed pulley provides shear stress to sample, and stress is constant, one end that described steel plate level is lower is provided with handwheel.
Further, the height of described arc guided mode is no more than the height of down cut box, and on the right side of soil sample, arc guided mode foundry goods is only in down cut box scope, does not affect shear box displacement.
Further, shearing force generation place fixed pulley and powerful steel plate distance fixing, with guide rod move integrally realize parallel.
Further, form two inclined-planes, place by rotation handwheel and rise in proportion along guide rod, ensure that shearing force is parallel with soil sample bottom bevel, realize inclined-plane and shear, simulate different shearing angles of inclination, obtain the most weak shearing strength shearing of earth working material and interview.
Further, described upper shear box and down cut box are copper box, and described arc guide barrel foundry goods is copper casting, and rigidity is large, and play a supportive role, described wedge shape arc body is cast, copper body.
The beneficial effects of the utility model are, the easy device of a kind of shear rheology instrument of the present utility model is tested inclined-plane and is formed two inclined-planes, place rise in proportion along guide rod by rotating handwheel in experiment porch, ensure that shearing force is parallel with soil sample bottom bevel, realize inclined-plane to shear, simulate different shearing angles of inclination, obtain the most weak shearing strength of earth working material and shear interview, shear in loading system to load and loaded by the soft wire rope counterweight walking around fixed pulley, the accurate of load can be ensured like this, load is made to be a stationary value, operation steps is simple, test degree of accuracy is high, can effectively provide Shear Strength Index accurately and reliably, the angle of inclination of soil sample can be adjusted and stable shear stress is provided, show that Shear Strength Index is more accurate.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Below in conjunction with drawings and Examples, the utility model is further illustrated.
Fig. 1 is structural representation of the present utility model.
In figure, 1. dial gauges, 2. vertically load support, 3. arc guide barrel foundry goods, 4. wedge shape arc body, 5. go up shear box, 6. down cut box, 7. arc guided mode, 8. handwheel, 9. gear I, 9-1. gear II, 10. worm screw, 11. steel cables, 12. measure one's own ability ring, 13. fixing top iron, 14. steel plates, 15. fixed pulleys, 16. guide rods, 17. counterweight I, 17-1 counterweight II, 18. pallet I, 18-1. pallet II.
Embodiment
By reference to the accompanying drawings the utility model is described in further detail now.These accompanying drawings are the schematic diagram of simplification, only basic structure of the present utility model are described in a schematic way, and therefore it only shows the formation relevant with the utility model.
The easy device of shear rheology instrument as shown in Figure 1, comprise the worm screw 10 of a horizontal positioned, the added powerful steel plate 14 being provided with one piece of oblique placement of worm screw 10, down cut box 6 is provided with above one end that steel plate 14 level is lower, down cut box 6 is arranged shear box 5, wedge shape arc body 4 is provided with above upper shear box 5, wedge shape arc body 4 upper surface is plane, lower surface is inclined-plane, identical soil sample is inserted in centre, the method uniaxial stress of realization straight down, vertical loading support 2 is provided with above wedge shape arc body 4, dial gauge 1 is provided with above vertical loading support 2, counterweight I 17 is linked with below vertical loading support 2, pallet I18 is provided with bottom counterweight I17,
Arc guide barrel foundry goods 3 is provided with on the left of upper shear box 5 and down cut box 6, arc guided mode 7 is provided with on the right side of down cut box 6, arc guided mode 7 and worm screw 10 intersection are provided with gear I9, fixing top iron 13 is provided with above one end that steel plate 14 level is higher, iron 13 one end, fixing top is provided with oblique ring 12 of measuring one's own ability, measure one's own ability on ring 12 and be provided with dial gauge 1, ring 12 of measuring one's own ability is connected with down cut box 6;
One end that steel plate level is higher is provided with guide rod 16, guide rod 16 and worm screw 10 vertical distribution, guide rod 16 and worm screw 10 intersection are provided with gear II9-1, guide rod 16 top is provided with fixed pulley 15, fixed pulley 15 is arranged with powerful steel cable 11, steel cable 11 one end connects upper shear box 5, steel cable 11 other end is connected with counterweight II17-1, pallet II18-1 is provided with bottom counterweight II17-1, counterweight II17-1 is by be connected with upper shear box 5 and the steel cable 11 walking around fixed pulley 15 provides shear stress to sample, and stress is constant, one end that steel plate 14 level is lower is provided with handwheel 8.
The height of arc guided mode 7 is no more than the height of down cut box 6, and on the right side of soil sample, arc guided mode 7 is only in down cut box 6 scope, does not affect shear box 5 displacement.
Shearing force generation place fixed pulley 15 and powerful steel plate 14 apart from fixing, with guide rod 16 move integrally realize parallel.
Form two inclined-planes, place by rotation handwheel 8 to rise in proportion along guide rod 16, ensure that shearing force is parallel with soil sample bottom bevel, realize inclined-plane and shear, simulate different shearing angles of inclination, obtain the most weak shearing strength shearing of earth working material and interview.
Upper shear box 5 and down cut box 6 are copper box, and arc guide barrel foundry goods 3 is copper casting, and rigidity is large, and play a supportive role, wedge shape arc body 4 is cast, copper body.
Concrete steps are as follows:
A, the soil sample cut is put into upper and lower shear box 6;
B, rotation handwheel 8 are adjusted to a suitable angle;
C, be placed on test platform by shear box, adjust down cut box 6 and the position with ring 12 of measuring one's own ability, contact closely;
D, powerful steel cable 11 and upper shear box 5 to be connected, walk around fixed pulley 15;
E, above soil sample, put wedge shape arc body 4, fill by identical soil sample between soil sample with wedge shape arc body 4, keep planar horizontal on wedge shape arc body 4;
F, on wedge shape arc body 4, place normal charger, in addition certain normal stress;
G, load suitable load at shear direction;
H, extract latch on shear box, start reading.
With above-mentioned according to desirable embodiment of the present utility model for enlightenment, by above-mentioned description, relevant staff in the scope not departing from this utility model technological thought, can carry out various change and amendment completely.The technical scope of this utility model is not limited to the content on instructions, must determine its technical scope according to right.

Claims (5)

1. the easy device of a shear rheology instrument, it is characterized in that: the worm screw (10) comprising a horizontal positioned, the added powerful steel plate (14) being provided with one piece of oblique placement of worm screw (10), down cut box (6) is provided with above one end that described steel plate (14) level is lower, described down cut box (6) arranges shear box (5), described upper shear box (5) top is provided with wedge shape arc body (4), described wedge shape arc body (4) upper surface is plane, lower surface is inclined-plane, identical soil sample is inserted in centre, wedge shape arc body (4) top is provided with and vertically loads support (2), described vertical loading support (2) top is provided with dial gauge (1), described vertical loading support (2) below is linked with counterweight I (17), counterweight I (17) bottom is provided with pallet I (18),
Described upper shear box (5) and down cut box (6) left side are provided with arc guide barrel foundry goods (3), described down cut box (6) right side is provided with arc guided mode (7), described arc guided mode (7) and worm screw (10) intersection are provided with gear I (9), fixing top iron (13) is provided with above one end that described steel plate (14) level is higher, described iron (13) one end, fixing top is provided with oblique ring of measuring one's own ability (12), described ring of measuring one's own ability (12) is provided with dial gauge (1), described ring of measuring one's own ability (12) is connected with down cut box (6),
One end that described steel plate (14) level is higher is provided with guide rod (16), described guide rod (16) and worm screw (10) vertical distribution, described guide rod (16) and worm screw (10) intersection are provided with gear II (9-1), described guide rod (16) top is provided with fixed pulley (15), described fixed pulley (15) is arranged with powerful steel cable (11), described steel cable (11) one end connects upper shear box (5), described steel cable (11) other end is connected with counterweight II (17-1), counterweight II (17-1) bottom is provided with pallet II (18-1), one end that described steel plate (14) level is lower is provided with handwheel (8).
2. the easy device of a kind of shear rheology instrument according to claim 1, is characterized in that: the height of described arc guided mode (7) is no more than the height of down cut box (6).
3. the easy device of a kind of shear rheology instrument according to claim 1, is characterized in that: shearing force generation place fixed pulley (15) and powerful steel plate (14) distance fixing, with guide rod (16) move integrally realize parallel.
4. the easy device of a kind of shear rheology instrument according to claim 1, is characterized in that: form two inclined-planes, place by rotation handwheel (8) and rise in proportion along guide rod (16).
5. the easy device of a kind of shear rheology instrument according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described upper shear box (5) and down cut box (6) are copper box, described arc guide barrel foundry goods (7) is copper casting, and described wedge shape arc body (4) is cast, copper body.
CN201420679241.9U 2014-11-13 2014-11-13 A kind of easy device of shear rheology instrument Withdrawn - After Issue CN204228539U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201420679241.9U CN204228539U (en) 2014-11-13 2014-11-13 A kind of easy device of shear rheology instrument

Publications (1)

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104390858A (en) * 2014-11-13 2015-03-04 常州大学 Simple device of shear rheometer
CN112964575A (en) * 2021-02-08 2021-06-15 四川大学 Rock shear rheological testing machine under deep ground environment

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104390858A (en) * 2014-11-13 2015-03-04 常州大学 Simple device of shear rheometer
CN112964575A (en) * 2021-02-08 2021-06-15 四川大学 Rock shear rheological testing machine under deep ground environment
CN112964575B (en) * 2021-02-08 2022-04-08 四川大学 Rock shear rheological testing machine under deep ground environment

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AV01 Patent right actively abandoned

Granted publication date: 20150325

Effective date of abandoning: 20160817

C25 Abandonment of patent right or utility model to avoid double patenting