CN204177626U - Convenient layering water intaking system - Google Patents

Convenient layering water intaking system Download PDF

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Publication number
CN204177626U
CN204177626U CN201420709319.7U CN201420709319U CN204177626U CN 204177626 U CN204177626 U CN 204177626U CN 201420709319 U CN201420709319 U CN 201420709319U CN 204177626 U CN204177626 U CN 204177626U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
provided
support column
water intaking
hydrophore
windlass
Prior art date
Application number
CN201420709319.7U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
纪道斌
杨正健
刘德富
宋林旭
崔玉洁
黄钰铃
肖尚斌
张宇
胡念三
谢涛
尹卫平
朱冠霖
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三峡大学
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Application filed by 三峡大学 filed Critical 三峡大学
Priority to CN201420709319.7U priority Critical patent/CN204177626U/en
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Publication of CN204177626U publication Critical patent/CN204177626U/en

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Abstract

A kind of convenient layering water intaking system, it comprises setting base above deck, windlass and motor, base is arranged on support column, auxiliary rod is provided with between ship railing and support column, arm is provided with at support column top, metering system is provided with near windlass side at support column, wire rope on windlass unclamped certain length and pass metering system, again through first pulley of arm near support column one end, again through the second pulley of arm head, last wire rope connects fish lead, and the wire rope on fish lead top is provided with pressed cover hydrophore.Native system is simple to operation, economical and practical, and hydrophore leakproofness is good, and stratified sampling is respond well.Both freed the heavy labor intensity of manual sampling, and it also avoid the expensive control system required for complicated automatic sampling system and data acquisition system (DAS), greatly reduce cost.This system can also with gathering the sampling work under water such as bed mud simultaneously, and application region and sampling classification are all widely.

Description

Convenient layering water intaking system

Technical field

The utility model relates to reservoir water environmental monitoring field, is specifically related to a set of convenient semi-automatic reservoir layering water intaking system.

Background technology

For natural waterwaies such as river, lake, oceans, the conventional method of sampling comprises sampling method by means of ship or bridge or sampling method of paddling.The major way of sampling has three kinds: hydrophore is sampled, extract water sample with pump, automatically sample and On-site sampling concentration is sampled, wherein comparatively general with hydrophore method.During the section sampling of application hydrophore Underwater Deep Silt, different according to sample mode, manual hydrophore, mechanical type hydrophore and automatic hydrophore can be divided into.Manually adopt water labour intensity very large, waste time and energy; In automatic hydrophore, CTD sunflower formula hydrophore (CTD rosette sampler) and sucking pump peculiar to vessel are now widely used vertical section water sample acquisition device, but its application respectively has certain defect.CTD sunflower formula hydrophore (being equipped with Nice gold sampling bottle (Niskin bottle) or Guo Fu Lip river sampling bottle (Go-Flo bottle)) needs deck control system and the data acquisition system (DAS) of matched price costliness, system complex, and the lowering velocity of probe need be determined according to the on-the-spot depth of water, and must cable be thrown in when using, therefore generally be applied to larger, that power hydrological facilities is complete ship and implement sampling.

Therefore, be not that very complicated reservoir development one is not only applicable to large-scale scientific investigation ship but also is applicable to small boat for flow condition, sampling depth can accurately control and the high semi-automatic convenient practical layering water sampling system of efficiency has larger Practical significance.

Summary of the invention

Technical problem to be solved in the utility model is a set of convenient semi-automatic reservoir stratification water sampling systems of research and development, and it is by the semi-automatic layering water sampling system of a set of to common telpher, meter counter and the integrated establishment of pressed cover hydrophore economical and practical, simple and practical reservoir.

A kind of convenient layering water intaking system, it comprises setting base above deck, windlass and motor, base is arranged on support column, auxiliary rod is provided with between ship railing and support column, arm is provided with at support column top, metering system is provided with near windlass side at support column, wire rope on windlass unclamped certain length and pass metering system, again through first pulley of arm near support column one end, again through the second pulley of arm head, last wire rope connects fish lead, and the wire rope on fish lead top is provided with pressed cover hydrophore.

Above-mentioned motor is connected with cable, and cable is provided with two-direction switch, and the two-direction switch other end connects generator by cable.

Above-mentioned pressed cover hydrophore comprises bottle and makes hammer, bottle side is provided with release lever, spud pile and spring, bottle upper end has upper cover and valve, bottle lower end is provided with lower cover and water nozzle, upper cover, under cover and be connected with spring or bungee, above cover and be also provided with the first nylon monofilament, the first nylon monofilament other end hangs on spud pile, under cover and be also provided with the second nylon monofilament, the second nylon monofilament other end is hung, and the second nylon monofilament other end hangs on the first nylon monofilament.

Above-mentioned pressed cover hydrophore is interval with multiple on a steel cord.

Above-mentioned metering system is made up of three pulleys and meter counter, meter counter has return-to-zero knob, and three pulleys become left, center, right to set gradually, and wherein, the rice counting wheel on the pulley driving meter counter of middle part drives the inner counting gear of meter counter to count again.

By belt pulley connection for transmission between above-mentioned motor and windlass.

The second above-mentioned pulley place is provided with Steel wire rope lock.

Above-mentioned pressed cover hydrophore is fixing on a steel cord by upper and lower two staples.

The utility model has following beneficial effect:

The utility model is simple to operation, economical and practical, and hydrophore leakproofness is good, and stratified sampling is respond well.Both freed the heavy labor intensity of manual sampling, and it also avoid the expensive control system required for complicated automatic sampling system and data acquisition system (DAS), greatly reduce cost.This system can also with gathering the sampling work under water such as bed mud simultaneously, and application region and sampling classification are all widely.

Accompanying drawing explanation

Below in conjunction with drawings and Examples, the utility model is described in further detail.

Accompanying drawing 1 is overall pie graph of the present utility model;

Accompanying drawing 2 is the structural scheme of mechanism of meter counter;

Accompanying drawing 3 is the structural representation of pressed cover hydrophore.

Embodiment

Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing, embodiment of the present utility model is described further.

As Fig. 1, fish lead 1 is counterweight, and wire rope 2 hangs pressed cover hydrophore 3, can hang multiple, telpher comprises support column 8, arm 6, base 15, windlass 12, motor 13, belt connect motor and windlass belt pulley 14, two-direction switch 17, cable 16 and 18, arm 6 also has pulley 4 and 7, and Steel wire rope lock 5, generator 19 provides power, metering system 11 is arranged on crane support column 8 and controls to adopt water depth.

Wherein metering system, as Fig. 2, is made up of three pulleys 34,37 and 39 and 294-F type meter counter 35, and pulley 39 drives the rice counting wheel 38 on meter counter 35 to drive the inner counting gear of meter counter to count again.

As shown in Figure 1,3, correct position is selected near railing 9 side in boat deck, base 15 is welded above deck, telpher support column 8 is arranged on base 15, simultaneously between ship railing 9 and support column 8, weld auxiliary rod 10, with auxiliary fixing telpher in order to avoid adopt crane in water process and turn on one's side because of load-bearing.Telpher arm 6 is arranged on support column 8.Windlass 12 and motor 13 are arranged in the preformed hole of base 15, connect windlass 12 and motor 13 with belt.Metering system 11 is arranged on support column 8 near windlass side.Wire rope 2 on windlass 12 is unclamped certain length, successively through the pulley 34,39 and 37 in metering system, then through the pulley 7 of arm 6 near support column one end, then passes the pulley 4 of arm 6 head, shut Steel wire rope lock 5.Last wire rope connects fish lead 1, and fish lead 1 is as counterweight, and under remaining on certain flow conditions, wire rope 2 is still vertical.By two-direction switch 17 one end by cable 16 and the motor 13 be connected on base 15, the other end connects the generator 19 that monitoring ship carries by cable 18.

When carrying out differential profile sampling under water, pressed cover hydrophore 3 staple 30 and 27 is fixed on sampling hawser 2, upper cover 20 nylon monofilament 21, in opening, hangs in stake 29, and is hung on nylon monofilament 21 by lower cover 25 nylon monofilament 26 by two ends bottle cap 20 and 25.Tighten water nozzle 23 and valve 32.Open two-direction switch 17, close two-direction switch 17 when hydrophore 3 is not just in water surface, turn the return-to-zero knob 36 on meter counter 35, make meter counter numeral zero.Continue to open two-direction switch 17, hydrophore 3 continuous decrease, meter counter 35 constantly counts, and when hydrophore achieves the goal water layer, closes two-direction switch 17.During water sampling, slide make hammer 33 along sampling hawser, make hammer 33 hit release lever 31 on card lid hydrophore 3, release lever 31 is subject to impacting rapid decline Compress Spring 28.Because release lever 31 and extension stake 29 are integrated, also can decline rapidly so hang stake 29, take off extension nylon monofilament 21 thereon, nylon monofilament 21 and 26 becomes slack, spring on connection bottle cap 20 and 25 or the elastic force of bungee 24 make two ends bottle cap closely sealed, collect water sample.

Start two-direction switch 17, mention hydrophore 3, after hydrophore arrives proper height, back-out valve 32, turn on water nozzle 23, collect water sample.

If gather multilayer water sample simultaneously; usual meeting arrange multiple hydrophore 3 along sampling hawser 2 interval; simultaneously except most last layer hydrophore makes except hammer 33; the hammer that makes being used for hitting lower one deck hydrophore 3 release lever 31 is suspended on the extension stake 29 of last layer hydrophore 3; when the time comes after most last layer hydrophore 3 achieves the goal water layer; release makes hammer 33; make hammer 33 hit most last layer hydrophore release lever and drive to hang stake and to come off the hammer that makes of next stage hydrophore; close all hydrophores successively, realize the object of layered water sample simultaneously.

Start two-direction switch 17, mention all hydrophores 3 successively, back-out the valve 32 of each hydrophore, and turn on water nozzle 23, collect the water sample of every one deck.

Claims (8)

1. a convenient layering water intaking system, it is characterized in that: it comprises setting base above deck (15), windlass (12) and motor (13), base is installed support column (8), auxiliary rod (10) is provided with between ship railing (9) and support column, arm (6) is provided with at support column top, metering system (11) is provided with near windlass side at support column, wire rope (2) on windlass unclamped certain length and pass metering system, again through first pulley (7) of arm near support column one end, again through second pulley (4) of arm head, last wire rope connects fish lead (1), the wire rope on fish lead top is provided with pressed cover hydrophore (3).
2. convenient layering water intaking system according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described motor is connected with cable (16), and cable is provided with two-direction switch (17), and the two-direction switch other end connects generator (19) by cable (18).
3. convenient layering water intaking system according to claim 1 and 2, it is characterized in that: described pressed cover hydrophore (3) comprises bottle (22) and makes hammer (33), bottle side is provided with release lever (31), spud pile (29) and spring (28), bottle upper end has upper cover (20) and valve (32), bottle lower end is provided with lower cover (25) and water nozzle (23), upper cover, under cover and be connected with spring or bungee (24), on cover and be also provided with the first nylon monofilament (21), the first nylon monofilament other end hangs on spud pile, under cover and be also provided with the second nylon monofilament (26), the second nylon monofilament other end hangs on the first nylon monofilament.
4. convenient layering water intaking system according to claim 1 and 2, is characterized in that: described pressed cover hydrophore is interval with multiple on a steel cord.
5. convenient layering water intaking system according to claim 1 and 2, it is characterized in that: described metering system is made up of three pulleys (34,37,39) and meter counter (35), meter counter has return-to-zero knob (36), three pulleys become left, center, right to set gradually, wherein, middle part pulley (39) drives the rice counting wheel (38) on meter counter to drive the inner counting gear of meter counter to count again.
6. convenient layering water intaking system according to claim 1 and 2, is characterized in that: by belt pulley (14) connection for transmission between described motor and windlass.
7. convenient layering water intaking system according to claim 1 and 2, is characterized in that: the second described pulley place is provided with Steel wire rope lock (5).
8. convenient layering water intaking system according to claim 1 and 2, is characterized in that: described pressed cover hydrophore is fixing on a steel cord by upper and lower two staples (30,27).
CN201420709319.7U 2014-11-24 2014-11-24 Convenient layering water intaking system CN204177626U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201420709319.7U CN204177626U (en) 2014-11-24 2014-11-24 Convenient layering water intaking system

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201420709319.7U CN204177626U (en) 2014-11-24 2014-11-24 Convenient layering water intaking system

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CN204177626U true CN204177626U (en) 2015-02-25

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Cited By (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105486543A (en) * 2016-01-11 2016-04-13 车宗奇 Vehicle-mounted water sampling device
CN105890931A (en) * 2016-05-14 2016-08-24 上海大学 Intelligent layered water sampler
CN106017984A (en) * 2016-05-14 2016-10-12 上海大学 Intelligent multi-depth seawater collecting device
CN106895996A (en) * 2017-01-20 2017-06-27 上海大学 A kind of unmanned boat hydrophore clasps device
CN106959223A (en) * 2017-03-07 2017-07-18 无锡中科水质环境技术有限公司 A kind of automatic water station water acquisition sampler
CN107515135A (en) * 2017-07-11 2017-12-26 河海大学 Multi-purpose portable hydrology-water quality sample collection and rapid detection system and method
CN107543739A (en) * 2017-08-17 2018-01-05 上海大学 A kind of intelligent acquisition water sample device for unmanned boat
CN108152079A (en) * 2017-12-27 2018-06-12 合肥睿致新科技有限公司 Water quality detection sampler
CN108760374A (en) * 2018-05-25 2018-11-06 国家能源投资集团有限责任公司 Sampling coal machine

Cited By (10)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105486543A (en) * 2016-01-11 2016-04-13 车宗奇 Vehicle-mounted water sampling device
CN105890931A (en) * 2016-05-14 2016-08-24 上海大学 Intelligent layered water sampler
CN106017984A (en) * 2016-05-14 2016-10-12 上海大学 Intelligent multi-depth seawater collecting device
CN106895996A (en) * 2017-01-20 2017-06-27 上海大学 A kind of unmanned boat hydrophore clasps device
CN106959223A (en) * 2017-03-07 2017-07-18 无锡中科水质环境技术有限公司 A kind of automatic water station water acquisition sampler
CN107515135A (en) * 2017-07-11 2017-12-26 河海大学 Multi-purpose portable hydrology-water quality sample collection and rapid detection system and method
CN107515135B (en) * 2017-07-11 2020-04-03 河海大学 Multipurpose portable hydrological water quality sample collection and rapid detection system and method
CN107543739A (en) * 2017-08-17 2018-01-05 上海大学 A kind of intelligent acquisition water sample device for unmanned boat
CN108152079A (en) * 2017-12-27 2018-06-12 合肥睿致新科技有限公司 Water quality detection sampler
CN108760374A (en) * 2018-05-25 2018-11-06 国家能源投资集团有限责任公司 Sampling coal machine

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C14 Grant of patent or utility model
GR01 Patent grant
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20150225

Termination date: 20151124