CN202533281U - Seawater sample automatic acquisition system - Google Patents

Seawater sample automatic acquisition system Download PDF

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Publication number
CN202533281U
CN202533281U CN2012201416326U CN201220141632U CN202533281U CN 202533281 U CN202533281 U CN 202533281U CN 2012201416326 U CN2012201416326 U CN 2012201416326U CN 201220141632 U CN201220141632 U CN 201220141632U CN 202533281 U CN202533281 U CN 202533281U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
water
cable
acquisition
sampling
seawater
Prior art date
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CN2012201416326U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
王项南
李超
司惠民
李力平
翟庆光
聂杰
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国家海洋技术中心
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Priority to CN2012201416326U priority Critical patent/CN202533281U/en
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Publication of CN202533281U publication Critical patent/CN202533281U/en

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Abstract

The utility model discloses a seawater sample automatic acquisition system. The seawater sample automatic acquisition system comprises an electric winch, a composite sample acquisition cable, a water acquisition pump and an electric control device, wherein the composite sample acquisition cable winds a winch drum of the electric winch, a sample acquisition head at one end of the composite sample acquisition cable is placed underwater, the water depth where the sample acquisition head is located is adjusted by the winch, the other end of the composite sample acquisition cable is connected with the water acquisition pump, and the electric winch and the water acquisition pump are connected with the electric control device. The water acquisition pump and the electric control device are arranged inside a laboratory on board, and the water acquisition pump is controlled by the electric control device and pumps seawater samples through a water acquisition pipe of the composite sample acquisition cable. A water pumping port of the water acquisition pump is connected with the water acquisition pipe, a water outlet of the water acquisition pump is connected with a sample tank of the laboratory, and the seawater samples pumped by the water acquisition pipe are provided for a water quality detecting instrument for water quality parameter measurement and analysis. The seawater sample automatic acquisition system achieves automatic acquisition and whole course closed convey of deep seawater samples, and is capable of keeping physical and chemical biological properties of seawater samples to the utmost, thereby having the advantages of being large in water acquisition amount, stable in performance and convenient to operate.

Description

The seawater sample automated collection systems

Technical field

The utility model relates to the marine environmental monitoring device, particularly relates to a kind of seawater sample harvester.

Background technology

Developing rapidly of marine economy brought serious environmental problem day by day, particularly nearshore marine environment to bear huge pollution pressure, and marine environmental monitoring further obtains paying attention to as the element task of marine environmental protection.

The ocean water quality detection is the important component part of marine environmental monitoring, measures the seawater quality parameter, analyzes water quality environment situation or pollution level, for marine environmental protection and scientific research of seas provide basic data.

The ocean water quality detection mainly contains two kinds of methods: the one, measure the seawater quality parameter through spot sensor, and the 2nd, in the laboratory, use corresponding instrument equipment to carry out seawater quality parametric measurement and analysis after getting seawater sample.Owing to the technical elements reason, a lot of water quality parameters can't be measured through spot sensor, and lab analysis still is the important means of ocean water quality monitoring.Therefore, utilizing hydrophore from seawater, to obtain representative and sample validity, is one of key link of water analysis detection.The hydrophore of prior art mainly contains traditional manual hydrophore and automatically controlled hydrophore.

Traditional manual hydrophore, like Nansen bottle etc., for be suspended on the wire rope and abort by winch in sounding bottle.Sounding bottle in aborting is beaten the uncork lid by making of sliding along wire rope, to gather seawater sample.But the inclination of wire rope in ocean current of suspension sounding bottle is difficult to control, so can't accurately control and write down sampling depth.And the extension of sounding bottle is separated and is made the operation of hammer also more loaded down with trivial details, the situation that frequent generating bottle drowning has cutting out or loses.

Automatically controlled Rossette water sampler is the another kind of water sampling device of present widespread use, cooperates the dark sensor of thermohaline (CTD) to use, and when adopting water, obtains instant ocean temperature, conductivity and density data.When automatically controlled Rossette water sampler was adopted water, the solenoid valve bottle stopper was opened according to the instruction of deck control system.But automatically controlled Rossette water sampler need be equipped with expensive deck control system and data acquisition system (DAS), generally on the self-contained big ship of the hydrology, uses.In addition, the general capacity of the sounding bottle of being hung is less, and the collection capacity of seawater sample is limited.

Summary of the invention

The problem that exists to the hydrophore of prior art; The utility model is released a kind of novel seawater sample automated collection systems; Be used for gathering the seawater sample of different depth aboard ship, its purpose is the compound sampling cable that has water gathering tube and water pump and winch combination are put in the compound sampling cable in the seawater by winch; By the seawater sample that different depth is gathered at the mouth of a river of adopting of water gathering tube lower end, and be drawn on the ship through water gathering tube.

The seawater sample automated collection systems that the utility model relates to comprises electric winch, compound sampling cable, adopts water pump and electrical control gear; The compound sampling cable is wrapped on the niggerhead of electric winch; The sampling head of compound sampling cable one end is put under water and adjusts the residing depth of water by winch; The other end of compound sampling cable connects adopts water pump, electric winch with adopt water pump and be connected electrical control gear; The compound sampling cable is formed by head-rope, water gathering tube and signal cable are parallel, and water gathering tube is positioned at the first end of sampling for adopting the mouth of a river, and the water gathering tube other end connects the pump mouth of adopting water pump.

Electric winch by stent support aboard ship, the reel of electric winch twines and also to store the compound sampling cable.The compound sampling cable that niggerhead discharges gets in the seawater after passing the suspension ring that stretch out on the outer rotation suspension rod of ship side; Niggerhead can be done under driven by motor and rotate and reverse; Realize laying and reclaiming of compound sampling cable, and the degree of depth of adjustment compound sampling cable sampling head in seawater.

Electric winch is provided with cable-remover, and cable-remover comprises guides and leading screw.Guides is frame structure and is fixed on the leading screw, and the compound sampling cable is wrapped on the niggerhead after passing in the guides square frame.Leading screw engages with niggerhead; The central axis of leading screw is parallel with the central axis of niggerhead; Leading screw rotates with the rotational synchronization of niggerhead, moves horizontally thereby drive the guides that is fixed on the leading screw, and the sampling composite rope fitly is arranged on the niggerhead.

The compound sampling cable is formed the outsourcing polyurethane jacket by head-rope, water gathering tube and signal cable are parallel.Head-rope is the aramid fiber head-rope, is positioned at the end suspension counterweight fish lead at sampling head place, and the other end is fixed on the winch.Water gathering tube is the plastics steel wire tube, is the passage of seawater sample, and water gathering tube is positioned at the first end of sampling for adopting the mouth of a river, and the water gathering tube other end connects the pump mouth of adopting water pump through water inlet pipe.Compound sampling cable sampling head place is provided with pressure transducer, and pressure transducer is connected with electrical control gear on the ship through signal cable.Pressure transducer and water gathering tube are adopted the mouth of a river and in water, are positioned at the same degree of depth, the seawater pressure information of the pressure transducer perception that transmits according to signal cable, the degree of depth of adjustment compound sampling cable sampling head in seawater, the collection of control different depth seawater sample.

Adopt water pump and electrical control gear and be provided with aboard ship in the laboratory, adopt water pump by electrical control gear control and the water gathering tube extracting seawater sample through the compound sampling cable.The pump mouth of adopting water pump connects water gathering tube through water inlet pipe, and the water delivering orifice of adopting water pump connects breadboard water sample jar.Adopting seawater sample that the water gathering tube of water pump through the compound sampling cable extract supplies with the water quality detection instrument and is used to carry out water quality parameter and measures and analyze.

Electrical control gear comprises Programmable Logic Controller and touch-screen.Programmable Logic Controller is controlled adopting topworkies such as water pump, winch according to the input signal of sensor and touch-screen etc.; Rotate niggerhead and accomplish transferring and reclaiming of sampling head; The opening and closing that water pump is adopted in control, the predetermined work flow process of completion water sampling.Touch-screen can be monitored winch and sampling process, is provided with, stores, shows sampling time, sampling level, sampling depth and historical record easily.Electrical control gear is adopted the running and the degree of depth of compound sampling cable one end sampling head in seawater of water pump through control; Realize the collection of arbitrary degree of depth seawater sample in the compound sampling cable effective length; Automatically the seawater with designated depth is drawn on the research ship, offers analytical instrument and carries out environmental monitoring.

The seawater sample automated collection systems that the utility model relates to has been realized the automatic collection of designated depth seawater sample is carried with omnidistance sealing; The physics and chemistry biological property that can keep seawater sample to greatest extent; Have that the water yield of adopting is big, stable performance, advantage such as easy-to-use convenient and simple for operation; Play an important role to improving the seawater sampling efficiency, system provides strong technical guarantee for boat-carrying marine eco-environment field monitoring.

Description of drawings

Fig. 1 is a seawater sample automatic sampling system structural representation.

Description of symbols among the figure:

1, pressure transducer 2, head-rope

3, water gathering tube 4, sampling head

5, compound sampling cable 6, suspension ring

7, guides 8, niggerhead

9, water inlet pipe 10, motor

11, adopt water pump 12, water delivering orifice

13, leading screw

Embodiment

Further describe below in conjunction with the technical scheme of accompanying drawing the utility model.Fig. 1 shows the basic structure of the utility model; As shown in the figure; The seawater sample automated collection systems that the utility model relates to comprises electric winch, compound sampling cable 5, adopts water pump 11 and electrical control gear, and compound sampling cable 5 is wrapped on the niggerhead 8 of electric winch, and the sampling head 4 of compound sampling cable 5 one ends is put under water and adjusts the residing depth of water by electric winch; The other end of compound sampling cable 5 connects adopts water pump 11, electric winch with adopt water pump 11 and be connected electrical control gear.

Electric winch by stent support aboard ship, the reel of electric winch 8 twines and also stores compound sampling cable 5.The compound sampling cable that niggerhead 8 discharges passes suspension ring 6 backs of stretching out on the outer rotation suspension rod of ship side and gets in the seawater; Niggerhead 8 can be done under motor 10 drives and rotate and reverse; Realize laying and reclaiming of compound sampling cable 5, and the degree of depth of sampling head 4 in seawater of adjustment compound sampling cable 5.

Electric winch is provided with cable-remover, and cable-remover comprises guides 7 and leading screw 13.Guides 7 is for frame structure and be fixed on leading screw 13, and compound sampling cable 5 is wrapped on the niggerhead 8 after passing in guides 7 square frames.Leading screw 13 engages with niggerhead 8; The central axis of leading screw 13 is parallel with the central axis of niggerhead 8; Leading screw 13 rotates with the rotational synchronization of niggerhead 8, moves horizontally thereby drive the guides 7 that is fixed on the leading screw 13, and sampling composite rope 5 fitly is arranged on the niggerhead 8.

Compound sampling cable 5 is formed the outsourcing polyurethane jacket by head-rope 2, water gathering tube 3 and signal cable are parallel.Head-rope 2 is the aramid fiber head-rope, is positioned at the end suspension counterweight fish lead at sampling head 4 places.Water gathering tube 3 is the plastics steel wire tube, is the passage of seawater sample.Water gathering tube 3 is positioned at sampling head 4 one ends for adopting the mouth of a river, and water gathering tube 4 other ends connect the pump mouth of adopting water pump 11 through water inlet pipe 9.Sampling head 4 places of compound sampling cable 5 are provided with pressure transducer 1, and pressure transducer 1 is connected with electrical control gear on the ship through signal cable.Pressure transducer 1 is positioned at the same degree of depth with the mouth of a river of adopting of water gathering tube 3 in water; The seawater pressure information of pressure transducer 1 perception that transmits according to signal cable; The degree of depth of sampling head 4 in seawater of adjustment compound sampling cable 5, the collection of control different depth seawater sample.

Adopt water pump 11 and electrical control gear and be provided with aboard ship in the laboratory, adopt water pump 11 by electrical control gear control and the water gathering tube 3 extracting seawater samples through compound sampling cable 5.The pump mouth of adopting water pump 11 connects water gathering tube 3 through water inlet pipe 9, and the water delivering orifice 12 of adopting water pump 11 connects breadboard water sample jar.Adopting seawater sample that the water gathering tube 3 of water pump 11 through compound sampling cable 5 extract supplies with the water quality detection instrument and is used to carry out water quality parameter and measures and analyze.

Electrical control gear comprises Programmable Logic Controller and touch-screen.Programmable Logic Controller is controlled adopting topworkies such as water pump, winch according to the input signal of sensor and touch-screen etc.; Make rotating drum 8 accomplish transferring and reclaiming of sampling head 4; The opening and closing that water pump 11 is adopted in control, the predetermined work flow process of completion water sampling.Touch-screen can be monitored winch and sampling process, is provided with, stores, shows sampling time, sampling level, sampling depth and historical record easily.Electrical control gear is adopted the running and the degree of depth of compound sampling cable 5 one end sampling heads 4 in seawater of water pump 11 through control; Realize the collection of arbitrary degree of depth seawater sample in compound sampling cable 5 effective lengths; Automatically the seawater with designated depth is drawn on the research ship, offers analytical instrument and carries out environmental monitoring.

Claims (4)

1. seawater sample automated collection systems; It is characterized in that: said seawater sample automated collection systems comprises electric winch, compound sampling cable, adopts water pump and electrical control gear; The compound sampling cable is wrapped on the niggerhead of electric winch; The sampling head of compound sampling cable one end is put under water and adjusts the residing depth of water by winch, and the other end of compound sampling cable connects adopts water pump, electric winch with adopt water pump and be connected electrical control gear; Said compound sampling cable is formed by head-rope, water gathering tube and signal cable are parallel, and water gathering tube is positioned at the first end of sampling for adopting the mouth of a river, and the water gathering tube other end connects the pump mouth of adopting water pump.
2. seawater sample automated collection systems according to claim 1; It is characterized in that; The head-rope of said compound sampling cable is positioned at the end suspension counterweight fish lead at sampling head place; Compound sampling cable sampling head place is provided with pressure transducer, and pressure transducer is connected with electrical control gear on the ship through signal cable.
3. require described seawater sample automated collection systems according to right 1; It is characterized in that; Adopting water pump and electrical control gear is provided with aboard ship in the laboratory; The pump mouth of adopting water pump connects water gathering tube, and the water delivering orifice of adopting water pump connects breadboard water sample jar, adopts water pump and supplies with the water quality detection instrument through the seawater sample of the water gathering tube extraction of compound sampling cable.
4. require described seawater sample automated collection systems according to right 1, it is characterized in that, said electric winch is provided with cable-remover; Cable-remover comprises guides and leading screw; Guides is frame structure and is fixed on leading screw, and the compound sampling cable is wrapped on the niggerhead after passing in the guides square frame, and leading screw engages with niggerhead; The central axis of leading screw is parallel with the central axis of niggerhead; Leading screw rotates with the rotational synchronization of niggerhead, moves horizontally thereby drive the guides that is fixed on the leading screw, and the sampling composite rope fitly is arranged on the niggerhead.
CN2012201416326U 2012-04-06 2012-04-06 Seawater sample automatic acquisition system CN202533281U (en)

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Cited By (22)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102967490A (en) * 2012-11-23 2013-03-13 华东师范大学 Real-time water sample acquiring system and method
CN103072672A (en) * 2013-01-15 2013-05-01 镇江赛尔尼柯自动化有限公司 Hydrographic survey ship measurement cable taking-up and setting-out device
CN103728156A (en) * 2013-12-06 2014-04-16 北京工业大学 Deep sea water collector utilizing sea bed pressure difference
CN103926168A (en) * 2013-01-10 2014-07-16 中交一航局第二工程有限公司 Seawater density real-time monitoring system and monitoring method
CN104502149A (en) * 2014-12-09 2015-04-08 浙江省海洋水产研究所 Closed type seawater sampling system
CN105424415A (en) * 2015-11-11 2016-03-23 南京大学 Online automatic collection and storage device for aquatic organism samples
CN105621164A (en) * 2016-03-10 2016-06-01 天津德赛环保科技有限公司 Winch system with hoses and seawater submersible pump
CN105973646A (en) * 2016-07-20 2016-09-28 珠海科微智能科技有限公司 Stratified sampling system
CN106226092A (en) * 2016-07-27 2016-12-14 昆山浩硕精密机械有限公司 A kind of safe automobile air bag uprising detection device
CN107024366A (en) * 2016-12-22 2017-08-08 中国科学院遥感与数字地球研究所 A kind of Portable water sampler
CN107036849A (en) * 2017-05-03 2017-08-11 成都学院 A kind of remote-controlled automatic data collection water sample device
CN107631907A (en) * 2017-09-19 2018-01-26 佛山市蓝瑞欧特信息服务有限公司 Seawater sample automatic acquisition device
CN107807013A (en) * 2017-09-26 2018-03-16 上海大学 A kind of autonomous sampling system of constant temperature ocean water quality
CN108020444A (en) * 2017-11-17 2018-05-11 上海市城市排水监测站 A kind of water level is servo-actuated sampling system
CN108190759A (en) * 2017-12-22 2018-06-22 国家海洋局第海洋研究所 Protective device is recycled in a kind of dispensing for CTD seawater sampling equipments
CN108844781A (en) * 2018-08-09 2018-11-20 河南畅慷环保科技有限公司 Environmental project detects sampler with water body
CN108894751A (en) * 2018-06-08 2018-11-27 上海大学 A kind of intelligent oil drainage device for unmanned boat
CN109000983A (en) * 2018-07-25 2018-12-14 上海大学 A kind of a small amount of automatic sampling apparatus of seawater being mounted on hull
CN109211321A (en) * 2018-09-21 2019-01-15 商丘师范学院 A kind of sewage automatic detection device
CN109470523A (en) * 2018-12-29 2019-03-15 安呈波 A kind of water body layered sampling device
CN109470529A (en) * 2018-12-29 2019-03-15 安呈波 A kind of remote control type water body sampling device
CN108020444B (en) * 2017-11-17 2020-12-29 上海市城市排水监测站有限公司 Water level follow-up sampling system

Cited By (30)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102967490B (en) * 2012-11-23 2015-10-28 华东师范大学 A kind of real-time water sample acquisition system and acquisition method thereof
CN102967490A (en) * 2012-11-23 2013-03-13 华东师范大学 Real-time water sample acquiring system and method
CN103926168A (en) * 2013-01-10 2014-07-16 中交一航局第二工程有限公司 Seawater density real-time monitoring system and monitoring method
CN103072672A (en) * 2013-01-15 2013-05-01 镇江赛尔尼柯自动化有限公司 Hydrographic survey ship measurement cable taking-up and setting-out device
CN103072672B (en) * 2013-01-15 2015-09-23 镇江赛尔尼柯自动化有限公司 Hydrological survey boats and ships measuring cable rope draw off gear
CN103728156B (en) * 2013-12-06 2015-10-28 北京工业大学 A kind of seawater collector utilizing seabed pressure reduction
CN103728156A (en) * 2013-12-06 2014-04-16 北京工业大学 Deep sea water collector utilizing sea bed pressure difference
CN104502149A (en) * 2014-12-09 2015-04-08 浙江省海洋水产研究所 Closed type seawater sampling system
CN104502149B (en) * 2014-12-09 2017-02-22 浙江省海洋水产研究所 Closed type seawater sampling system
CN105424415A (en) * 2015-11-11 2016-03-23 南京大学 Online automatic collection and storage device for aquatic organism samples
CN105424415B (en) * 2015-11-11 2018-02-13 南京大学 A kind of on-line automatic collection of aquatile sample and save set
CN105621164A (en) * 2016-03-10 2016-06-01 天津德赛环保科技有限公司 Winch system with hoses and seawater submersible pump
CN105621164B (en) * 2016-03-10 2017-05-03 天津德赛环保科技有限公司 Winch system with hoses and seawater submersible pump
CN105973646A (en) * 2016-07-20 2016-09-28 珠海科微智能科技有限公司 Stratified sampling system
CN106226092A (en) * 2016-07-27 2016-12-14 昆山浩硕精密机械有限公司 A kind of safe automobile air bag uprising detection device
CN107024366A (en) * 2016-12-22 2017-08-08 中国科学院遥感与数字地球研究所 A kind of Portable water sampler
CN107036849A (en) * 2017-05-03 2017-08-11 成都学院 A kind of remote-controlled automatic data collection water sample device
CN107631907A (en) * 2017-09-19 2018-01-26 佛山市蓝瑞欧特信息服务有限公司 Seawater sample automatic acquisition device
CN107807013A (en) * 2017-09-26 2018-03-16 上海大学 A kind of autonomous sampling system of constant temperature ocean water quality
CN107807013B (en) * 2017-09-26 2020-10-16 上海大学 Constant-temperature ocean water quality autonomous sampling system
CN108020444A (en) * 2017-11-17 2018-05-11 上海市城市排水监测站 A kind of water level is servo-actuated sampling system
CN108020444B (en) * 2017-11-17 2020-12-29 上海市城市排水监测站有限公司 Water level follow-up sampling system
CN108190759A (en) * 2017-12-22 2018-06-22 国家海洋局第海洋研究所 Protective device is recycled in a kind of dispensing for CTD seawater sampling equipments
CN108190759B (en) * 2017-12-22 2019-12-13 自然资源部第一海洋研究所 A put in and retrieve protector for CTD sea water sampling equipment
CN108894751A (en) * 2018-06-08 2018-11-27 上海大学 A kind of intelligent oil drainage device for unmanned boat
CN109000983A (en) * 2018-07-25 2018-12-14 上海大学 A kind of a small amount of automatic sampling apparatus of seawater being mounted on hull
CN108844781A (en) * 2018-08-09 2018-11-20 河南畅慷环保科技有限公司 Environmental project detects sampler with water body
CN109211321A (en) * 2018-09-21 2019-01-15 商丘师范学院 A kind of sewage automatic detection device
CN109470523A (en) * 2018-12-29 2019-03-15 安呈波 A kind of water body layered sampling device
CN109470529A (en) * 2018-12-29 2019-03-15 安呈波 A kind of remote control type water body sampling device

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