CN204019268U - Five-shaft high-speed interlock machining center - Google Patents

Five-shaft high-speed interlock machining center Download PDF

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Publication number
CN204019268U
CN204019268U CN201420509939.6U CN201420509939U CN204019268U CN 204019268 U CN204019268 U CN 204019268U CN 201420509939 U CN201420509939 U CN 201420509939U CN 204019268 U CN204019268 U CN 204019268U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
axis
shaft
motor
guide rail
spindle box
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN201420509939.6U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
陈斌
严俨
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
NANTONG SHANGDAO MACHINERY MANUFACTURING Co Ltd
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NANTONG SHANGDAO MACHINERY MANUFACTURING Co Ltd
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Application filed by NANTONG SHANGDAO MACHINERY MANUFACTURING Co Ltd filed Critical NANTONG SHANGDAO MACHINERY MANUFACTURING Co Ltd
Priority to CN201420509939.6U priority Critical patent/CN204019268U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN204019268U publication Critical patent/CN204019268U/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

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Abstract

The utility model relates to a kind of five-shaft high-speed interlock machining center, there is the numerical control reference axis that tri-straight-line numerical control reference axis of X ﹑ Y ﹑ Z and A, bis-of C rotatablely move, can realize five-axle linkage, each reference axis can be located automatically, workpiece is after clamped one time, can automatically complete the processing of the working procedures such as Xi ﹑ Zuan ﹑ Tang ﹑ hinge and tapping, be specially adapted to worm gear, blade, complicated die and space cam etc. and there is complex-curved part processing; Machine coordinates can be located by automatic, high precision, add do not need man-hour to bore, boring template tool can directly bore, bore hole, and can ensure pitch-row machining accuracy, save technological equipment, shorten the production cycle, reduce costs, increase economic efficiency, be widely used in the mechanical processing industries such as military project, Aeronautics and Astronautics, generating and shipbuilding.

Description

Five-shaft high-speed interlock machining center
Technical field
The utility model relates to a kind of five-shaft high-speed interlock machining center.
Background technology
At present, three rectilinear coordinates axles of 5-shaft linkage numerical control lathe general control and two rotatable coordinate axis move simultaneously, make cutter and workpiece carry out machining by movement locus according to the rules, two rotatable coordinate axis are the revolution of turntable and the swing of cutter, can not truly realize five-axle linkage, machining accuracy is not high; The rotating speed of main shaft is the highest can only be reached per minute 18000 and turn, and can not reach requirement at a high speed, and between main shaft and main motor, have a lot of transmission parts, complex structure, bulky.
Summary of the invention
The purpose of this utility model is in order to overcome above deficiency, provides a kind of maximum speed of spindle can reach that 24000 revs/min, machining accuracy are high, the five-shaft high-speed of compact conformation interlock machining center.
The purpose of this utility model is achieved through the following technical solutions: a kind of five-shaft high-speed interlock machining center, comprise lathe bed, lathe bed top is provided with main spindle box, in main spindle box, be provided with main shaft, main shaft is driven by main motor, main spindle box rear portion is provided with planker, main spindle box is placed in the Z axis guide rail on planker, in main spindle box, be provided with the Z axis motor of Z axis screw mandrel and drive Z axis screw mandrel, planker is placed in the X-axis guide rail on crossbeam, in planker, penetrate X-axis screw mandrel, X-axis screw mandrel is by X-axis driven by motor, the bottom, two ends of crossbeam is placed in Y-axis guide rail, the bottom, two ends of crossbeam penetrates Y-axis screw mandrel, two Y-axis screw mandrels drive by y-axis motor, the lower rear of main spindle box is provided with tool magazine, in lathe bed, be provided with can 360 ° of rotations workbench, workbench bottom is connected with C axle, workbench is placed on pendular body, the two ends of pendular body are all connected with lathe bed by A axle, C axle and A axle all adopt high pulling torque torque motor to drive.
Further improvement of the utility model is: X-axis guide rail adopts two roller line slideways and a laminating rail plate, and Y-axis Dao Gui ﹑ Z axis guide rail all adopts two roller line slideways.
Further improvement of the utility model is: tool magazine is the chain type bamboo hat type tool magazine with 20 cuttves, and drives by variable-frequency motor.
Further improvement of the utility model is: front-end of spindle is provided with double-row bearing.
The utility model compared with prior art has the following advantages: the utility model can be realized X ﹑ Y ﹑ Z, A, the five-axle linkage of C axle, is specially adapted to worm gear, blade, complicated die and space cam etc. and has complex-curved part processing; Machine coordinates can be located by automatic, high precision, add do not need man-hour to bore, boring template tool can directly bore, bore hole, and can ensure pitch-row machining accuracy, save technological equipment, shorten the production cycle, reduce costs, increase economic efficiency, be widely used in the mechanical processing industries such as military project, Aeronautics and Astronautics, generating and shipbuilding.
brief description of the drawings:
Fig. 1 is structural representation of the present utility model;
Number in the figure: 1-lathe bed, 2-main spindle box, 3-planker, 4-Z axis rail, 5-crossbeam, 6-X axis rail, 7-X axial filament bar, 8-Y axis rail, 9-Y axial filament bar, 10-Y spindle motor, 11-workbench, 12-pendular body.
detailed description of the invention:
in order to deepen understanding of the present utility model, below in conjunction with embodiment and accompanying drawing, the utility model is described in further detail, and this embodiment only, for explaining the utility model, does not form the restriction to the utility model protection domain.
As Fig. 1 shows a kind of embodiment of the utility model five-shaft high-speed interlock machining center, comprise lathe bed 1, lathe bed 1 top is provided with main spindle box 2, in main spindle box 2, be provided with main shaft, built-in main shaft is by main motor direct-drive, save main motor to all transmission parts between main shaft, greatly simplify Machine Tool Main Drive structure, maximum speed of spindle can reach per minute 24000 and turn, start to control main shaft from system, utilize electric main shaft efficient, stable structure principle, axis system is carried out to Dynamics Simulation Analysis, bearing support system to former axis system and main axle structure have carried out dynamic optimization design, for the deficiency of the single bearing of front-end of spindle, the design of double-row bearing has been proposed, main axle structure is optimized to design, thereby statics and the dynamics of axis system are improved, meet designing requirement.
Main spindle box 2 rear portions are provided with planker 3, main spindle box 2 is placed in the Z axis guide rail 4 on planker 3, in main spindle box 2, be provided with the Z axis motor of Z axis screw mandrel and drive Z axis screw mandrel, planker 3 is placed in the X-axis guide rail 6 on crossbeam 5, in planker 3, penetrate X-axis screw mandrel 7, X-axis screw mandrel 7 is by X-axis driven by motor, and the bottom, two ends of crossbeam 5 is placed in Y-axis guide rail 8, the bottom, two ends of crossbeam 5 penetrates 9, two Y-axis screw mandrels 9 of Y-axis screw mandrel and drives by y-axis motor 10.
X, Y, Z tri-axis rails all adopt roller line rolling guide, and good rigidly, translational speed are fast; X-axis guide rail adopt two roller line slideways separately add a laminating rail plate, Y ﹑ Z two axis rails all adopt two roller line slideways, thus lathe in the time of high speed feed, vibrate little, in the time of low speed feeding without creeping; X-axis feeding adopts AC servo motor after the deceleration of synchronous pulley 1:1.5, drive ball-screw to realize, Y-axis feeding adopts 2 AC servo motors directly to drive 2 ball-screws to realize through yielding coupling, and Z axis feeding adopts AC servo motor directly to drive ball-screw to realize through yielding coupling.The equal grating belt closed-loop feedback of X ﹑ Y ﹑ Z three axes device, can accurately locate, and has the advantages that precision stability is high, can carry out efficient, high-precision processing to workpiece; The utility model adopts the flame structure of high rigidity, lathe bed, the integrated cast structure of column, have rigidity high, be out of shape little, precision high, the alignment of shafts is reduced to minimum to the distance of Z axis guide pass, reduce the turning torque of main spindle box, extended the accuracy life of Z axis guide rail.
The lower rear of main spindle box 2 is provided with tool magazine, and tool magazine is the chain type bamboo hat type tool magazine with 20 cuttves, drives by variable-frequency motor, can be fixed address tool changing to cutter; Tool magazine sliding door and tool magazine move as mechanical linkage type, tool changing having stable behavior, reliable.
In lathe bed 1, be provided with can 360 ° of rotations workbench 11, workbench 11 bottoms are connected with C axle, workbench 11 is placed on pendular body 12, the two ends of pendular body 12 are all connected with lathe bed 1 by A axle, C axle and A axle all adopt high pulling torque torque motor to drive, adopt hydraulic clamp, and adopt high accuracy absolute angle encoder to form closed-loop control, indexing accuracy is high, clamping force is large, good rigidly; A axle swings steadily, precision is high; C axle construction is simple, and rotary inertia is little; Two rotating workbench are directly installed on the side plate of lathe bed, and load-bearing is large, good rigidly, compact integral structure.
In process, adopt six nozzle rings to spray cooling fluid and carry out cooling to cutter; The torque motor of main shaft and A, C axle carries out circulating cooling by water cooling plant, ensures machining accuracy.
The technical parameter of each parts is as following table:
The utility model can be realized X ﹑ Y ﹑ Z, A, the five-axle linkage of C axle, is specially adapted to worm gear, blade, complicated die and space cam etc. and has complex-curved part processing; Machine coordinates can be located by automatic, high precision, add do not need man-hour to bore, boring template tool can directly bore, bore hole, and can ensure pitch-row machining accuracy, save technological equipment, shorten the production cycle, reduce costs, increase economic efficiency, be widely used in the mechanical processing industries such as military project, Aeronautics and Astronautics, generating and shipbuilding.

Claims (4)

1. a five-shaft high-speed interlock machining center, comprise lathe bed (1), it is characterized in that: described lathe bed (1) top is provided with main spindle box (2), described main spindle box is provided with main shaft in (2), described main shaft is driven by main motor, described main spindle box (2) rear portion is provided with planker (3), described main spindle box (2) is placed in the Z axis guide rail (4) on described planker (3), in described main spindle box (2), be provided with the Z axis motor of Z axis screw mandrel and drive Z axis screw mandrel, described planker (3) is placed in the X-axis guide rail (6) on crossbeam (5), in described planker (3), penetrate X-axis screw mandrel (7), described X-axis screw mandrel (7) is by X-axis driven by motor, the bottom, two ends of described crossbeam (5) is placed in Y-axis guide rail (8), the bottom, two ends of described crossbeam (5) penetrates Y-axis screw mandrel (9), two described Y-axis screw mandrels (9) drive by y-axis motor (10), the lower rear of described main spindle box (2) is provided with tool magazine, in described lathe bed (1), be provided with can 360 ° of rotations workbench (11), described workbench (11) bottom is connected with C axle, described workbench (11) is placed on pendular body (12), the two ends of described pendular body (12) are all connected with described lathe bed (1) by A axle, described C axle and described A axle all adopt high pulling torque torque motor to drive.
2. five-shaft high-speed interlock machining center according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described X-axis guide rail (6) adopts two roller line slideways and a laminating rail plate, and (described in 8) ﹑, Z axis guide rail (4) all adopts two roller line slideways to described Y-axis guide rail.
3. five-shaft high-speed interlock machining center according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described tool magazine is the chain type bamboo hat type tool magazine with 20 cuttves, and drives by variable-frequency motor.
4. five-shaft high-speed interlock machining center according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described front-end of spindle is provided with double-row bearing.
CN201420509939.6U 2014-09-05 2014-09-05 Five-shaft high-speed interlock machining center Expired - Fee Related CN204019268U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201420509939.6U CN204019268U (en) 2014-09-05 2014-09-05 Five-shaft high-speed interlock machining center

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201420509939.6U CN204019268U (en) 2014-09-05 2014-09-05 Five-shaft high-speed interlock machining center

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN204019268U true CN204019268U (en) 2014-12-17

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ID=52059176

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
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Country Status (1)

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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104191317A (en) * 2014-09-05 2014-12-10 南通尚道机械制造有限公司 Five-axis high-speed linkage machining center
CN104875078A (en) * 2015-04-24 2015-09-02 重庆麦斯特精密机械有限公司 Crossbeam-fixed type high-precision numerical control gantry machining center
CN105397506A (en) * 2015-12-26 2016-03-16 沈正福 Workbench device of numerically-controlled machining centre

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104191317A (en) * 2014-09-05 2014-12-10 南通尚道机械制造有限公司 Five-axis high-speed linkage machining center
CN104875078A (en) * 2015-04-24 2015-09-02 重庆麦斯特精密机械有限公司 Crossbeam-fixed type high-precision numerical control gantry machining center
CN105397506A (en) * 2015-12-26 2016-03-16 沈正福 Workbench device of numerically-controlled machining centre
CN105397506B (en) * 2015-12-26 2017-12-15 日照市中腾机械有限责任公司 A kind of numerical control machining center table device

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GR01 Patent grant
C14 Grant of patent or utility model
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20141217

Termination date: 20170905

CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee